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A History of Modern Immunology

A History of Modern Immunology
  • Author : Zoltan A. Nagy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-01
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 0124169740
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Summary : A History of Modern Immunology: A Path Toward Understanding describes, analyzes, and conceptualizes several seminal events and discoveries in immunology in the last third of the 20th century, the era when most questions about the biology of the immune system were raised and also found their answers. Written by an eyewitness to this history, the book gives insight into personal aspects of the important figures in the discipline, and its data driven emphasis on understanding will benefit both young and experienced scientists. This book provides a concise introduction to topics including immunological specificity, antibody diversity, monoclonal antibodies, major histocompatibility complex, antigen presentation, T cell biology, immunological tolerance, and autoimmune disease. This broad background of the discipline of immunology is a valuable companion for students of immunology, research and clinical immunologists, and research managers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Contains the history of major breakthroughs in immunology featured with authenticity and insider details Gives an insight into personal aspects of the players in the history of immunology Enables the reader to recognize and select data of heuristic value which elucidate important facets of the immune system Provides good examples and guidelines for the recognition and selection of what is important for the exploration of the immune system Gives clear separation of descriptive and interpretive parts, allowing the reader to distinguish between facts and analysis provided by the author

A History of Modern Immunology

A History of Modern Immunology
  • Author : Zoltan A. Nagy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-11
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9780124201088
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Summary : A History of Modern Immunology: A Path Toward Understanding describes, analyzes, and conceptualizes several seminal events and discoveries in immunology in the last third of the 20th century, the era when most questions about the biology of the immune system were raised and also found their answers. Written by an eyewitness to this history, the book gives insight into personal aspects of the important figures in the discipline, and its data driven emphasis on understanding will benefit both young and experienced scientists. This book provides a concise introduction to topics including immunological specificity, antibody diversity, monoclonal antibodies, major histocompatibility complex, antigen presentation, T cell biology, immunological tolerance, and autoimmune disease. This broad background of the discipline of immunology is a valuable companion for students of immunology, research and clinical immunologists, and research managers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Contains the history of major breakthroughs in immunology featured with authenticity and insider details Gives an insight into personal aspects of the players in the history of immunology Enables the reader to recognize and select data of heuristic value which elucidate important facets of the immune system Provides good examples and guidelines for the recognition and selection of what is important for the exploration of the immune system Gives clear separation of descriptive and interpretive parts, allowing the reader to distinguish between facts and analysis provided by the author

A History of Immunology

A History of Immunology
  • Author : Arthur M. Silverstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780080925837
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Summary : This is a professional-level intellectual history of the development of immunology from about 1720 to about 1970. Beginning with the work and insights of the early immunologists in the 18th century, Silverstein traces the development of the major ideas which have formed immunology down to the maturation of the discipline in the decade following the Second World War. Emphasis is placed on the philosophic and sociologic climate of the scientific milieu in which immunology has developed, providing a background to the broad culture of the discipline. A professional-level intellectual history of the development of immunology from about 1720 to 1970, with emphasis placed on the social climate of the scientific milieu in which modern immunology evolved Written by an author very well known both as a historian of medical science and for his substantial research contributions to the immunopathology of the eye The only complete history of immunology available

Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology

Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology
  • Author : Alfred I. Tauber,Leon Chernyak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 9780195064476
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Summary : "Important. . . .This book comes at an opportune time because it shows us that to understand the origins of immunology, we must look into the profound intellectual and social changes that were occurring in the 19th century." --New England Journal of Medicine

Immunology in the Twentieth Century

Immunology in the Twentieth Century
  • Author : Domenico Ribatti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-24
  • Total pages :90
  • ISBN : 9780128161463
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Summary : Immunology in the Twentieth Century: From Basic Science to Clinical Application grew out of common knowledge that those who survived many of the common infectious diseases rarely contracted the same disease again. This book charts the historical development of this vital branch of medicine in a concise volume, covering both the basic science involved and the clinical applications. Immunology as a distinctive subject developed in the mid-twentieth century as researchers started to understand how the adaptive immune system aids the defense against pathogens. The subject has grown in importance and diversified into specialist fields, such as immunohistochemistry, immunogenetics and immunopathology. Provides a concise overhead of the history of immunology and its applications in medicine Includes a discussion of the scientists who were pioneers in landmark discoveries in immunology Summarizes the clinical applications of major discoveries

A History of Transplantation Immunology

A History of Transplantation Immunology
  • Author : Leslie Brent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-11-18
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 008053399X
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Summary : Those entering the field of transplantation are frequently unaware of the topics historical roots and even of the background on which modern discoveries in tolerance, histocompabatibility antigens, and xenotransplantation are based. A History of Transplantation Immunology is an account, written by one of the founding fathers of the field, of how tissue and organ transplantation has become one of the most successful branches of late 20th century medicine. The book helps place the work of contemporary scientists into its proper context and makes fascinating reading for immunologists in all stages of their career. Describes landmarks in immunology and places them in historical context Beautifully written by one of the founding fathers of the field Portrays the surprising history of events in a colorful and readable manner Contains biographical sketches of some of the pioneers Illustrates the development of key ideas in immunology--tolerance, graft rejection, and transplantation Foreword by Ray Owen

A Body Worth Defending

A Body Worth Defending
  • Author : Ed Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-25
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780822391111
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Summary : Biological immunity as we know it does not exist until the late nineteenth century. Nor does the premise that organisms defend themselves at the cellular or molecular levels. For nearly two thousand years “immunity,” a legal concept invented in ancient Rome, serves almost exclusively political and juridical ends. “Self-defense” also originates in a juridico-political context; it emerges in the mid-seventeenth century, during the English Civil War, when Thomas Hobbes defines it as the first “natural right.” In the 1880s and 1890s, biomedicine fuses these two political precepts into one, creating a new vital function, “immunity-as-defense.” In A Body Worth Defending, Ed Cohen reveals the unacknowledged political, economic, and philosophical assumptions about the human body that biomedicine incorporates when it recruits immunity to safeguard the vulnerable living organism. Inspired by Michel Foucault’s writings about biopolitics and biopower, Cohen traces the migration of immunity from politics and law into the domains of medicine and science. Offering a genealogy of the concept, he illuminates a complex of thinking about modern bodies that percolates through European political, legal, philosophical, economic, governmental, scientific, and medical discourses from the mid-seventeenth century through the twentieth. He shows that by the late nineteenth century, “the body” literally incarnates modern notions of personhood. In this lively cultural rumination, Cohen argues that by embracing the idea of immunity-as-defense so exclusively, biomedicine naturalizes the individual as the privileged focus for identifying and treating illness, thereby devaluing or obscuring approaches to healing situated within communities or collectives.

Crafting Immunity

Crafting Immunity
  • Author : Jennifer Keelan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-02
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9781351947893
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Summary : Immunity is as old as illness itself, yet historians have only just begun to take up the challenge of reconstructing the modern transformation of attempts to protect against disease. Crafting Immunity assembles in one volume the most recent efforts of an international group of scholars to place the diverse practices of immunity in their historical contexts. It is this diversity that provides the book with its greatest source of strength. Collectively, the papers in this volume suggest that it was the craft-like, small-scale, and local conditions of clinical medicine that turned the immunity of individuals and populations into biomedical objects. That is to say, the modern conception of immunity was at least as much the product of the work of healing as it was the systematic result of discoveries about the immune system. Working outside the narrow confines of laboratory histories, Crafting Immunity is the first attempt to set the problems of immunity into a variety of social, technological, institutional and intellectual contexts. It will appeal not only to historians and sociologists of health, but also to social and cultural historians interested in the biomedical creation of modern health regimens.

The Age of Immunology

The Age of Immunology
  • Author : A. David Napier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-15
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 0226568148
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Summary : In this fascinating and inventive work, A. David Napier argues that the central assumption of immunology—that we survive through the recognition and elimination of non-self—has become a defining concept of the modern age. Tracing this immunological understanding of self and other through an incredibly diverse array of venues, from medical research to legal and military strategies and the electronic revolution, Napier shows how this defensive way of looking at the world not only destroys diversity but also eliminates the possibility of truly engaging difference, thereby impoverishing our culture and foreclosing tremendous opportunities for personal growth. To illustrate these destructive consequences, Napier likens the current craze for embracing diversity and the use of politically correct speech to a cultural potluck to which we each bring different dishes, but at which no one can eat unless they abide by the same rules. Similarly, loaning money to developing nations serves as a tool both to make the peoples in those nations more like us and to maintain them in the nonthreatening status of distant dependents. To break free of the resulting downward spiral of homogenization and self-focus, Napier suggests that we instead adopt a new defining concept based on embryology, in which development and self-growth take place through a process of incorporation and transformation. In this effort he suggests that we have much to learn from non-Western peoples, such as the Balinese, whose ritual practices require them to take on the considerable risk of injecting into their selves the potential dangers of otherness—and in so doing ultimately strengthen themselves as well as their society. The Age of Immunology, with its combination of philosophy, history, and cultural inquiry, will be seen as a manifesto for a new age and a new way of thinking about the world and our place in it.

Viruses, Pandemics, and Immunity

Viruses, Pandemics, and Immunity
  • Author : Arup K. Chakraborty,Andrey Shaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-16
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9780262542388
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Summary : "Informed and accessible overview of viruses and pandemics, how our immune system combats them, and how diagnostic tests, vaccines, and antiviral therapies work to form the foundation of public health"--

A History of Medical Bacteriology and Immunology

A History of Medical Bacteriology and Immunology
  • Author : W. D. Foster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-20
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9781483162454
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Summary : A History of Medical Bacteriology and Immunology provides the account of the history of bacteriology from the year 1900 to 1938. This book presents details about the discovery of the important pathogenic bacteria of man, of how they were shown to be causally related to disease, and of the use of these discoveries in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Other topics discussed include the development of the germ theory of infectious diseases; contribution of Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch to medical bacteriology; and discovery of the more important human pathogenic bacteria. This text also discusses the scientific basis and practical application of immunology to medicine; main developments in bacteriology during the early 20th century; and chemotherapy of bacterial disease. This medically oriented text is beneficial for students and individuals conducting study on medical bacteriology and immunology.

Immunity

Immunity
  • Author : Alfred I. Tauber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-02
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780190651268
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Summary : Modern immunology traditionally conceives of the immune system as providing defense against pathogens. Alfred I. Tauber criticizes this conception of immunity as too narrow, because it discounts much of the immune system's other normal functions. These include active tolerance of nutritional exchanges with the environment and the stabilization of cooperative relationships with resident micro-organisms. An expanded account extends immunity's functional role from singular 'defense' to broadened discernment of environmental 'exchange.' This ecological perspective has profound theoretical implications, for the basic notion of immune identity is reconfigured: highlighting the organism as a holobiont (a consortium of diverse organisms living in cooperative relationships) challenges prevailing concepts of individuality and the self/nonself dichotomy heretofore organizing immune theory. Indeed, if theoretical interest is focused on the challenges of maintaining immune balance in the full ecological context of the organism, then immune regulation assumes new complexity. Tauber maintains that the key to unravelling that puzzle requires a critical re-assessment of the cognitive processes that underlie immune effector functions. Accordingly, he provides the outline of a re-formulated 'cognitive paradigm' that dispenses with agent-based models and adopts an ecologically conceived understanding of perception and information processing. The implications of this revised configuration of immunity and its deconstructed notions of individuality and selfhood have wide significance for philosophers and life scientists working in immunology, ecology, and the cognitive sciences.

Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease

Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease
  • Author : Steven A. Frank
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-06
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780691220161
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Summary : From HIV to influenza, the battle between infectious agents and the immune system is at the heart of disease. Knowledge of how and why parasites vary to escape recognition by the immune system is central to vaccine design, the control of epidemics, and our fundamental understanding of parasite ecology and evolution. As the first comprehensive synthesis of parasite variation at the molecular, population, and evolutionary levels, this book is essential reading for students and researchers throughout biology and biomedicine. The author uses an evolutionary perspective to meld the terms and findings of molecular biology, immunology, pathogen biology, and population dynamics. This multidisciplinary approach offers newcomers a readable introduction while giving specialists an invaluable guide to allied subjects. Every aspect of the immune response is presented in the functional context of parasite recognition and defense--an emphasis that gives structure to a tremendous amount of data and brings into sharp focus the great complexity of immunology. The problems that end each chapter set the challenge for future research, and the text includes extensive discussion of HIV, influenza, foot-and-mouth disease, and many other pathogens. This is the only book that treats in an integrated way all factors affecting variation in infectious disease. It is a superb teaching tool and a rich source of ideas for new and experienced researchers. For molecular biologists, immunologists, and evolutionary biologists, this book provides new insight into infectious agents, immunity, and the evolution of infectious disease.

Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology

Metchnikoff and the Origins of Immunology
  • Author : Alfred I. Tauber,Leon Chernyak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-07-25
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 019534510X
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Summary : This fascinating intellectual history is the first critical study of the work of Elie Metchnikoff, the founding father of modern immunology. Metchnikoff authored and championed the theory that phagocytic cells actively defend the host body against pathogens and diseased cells. His program developed from comparative embryological studies that sought to establish genealogical relations between species at the dawn of the Darwinian revolution. In this scientific biography, Tauber and Chernyak explore ore Metchnikoff's development as an embryologist, showing how it prepared him to propose his theory of host-pathogen interaction. They discuss the profound impact of Darwin's theory of evolution on Metchnikoff's progress, and the influence of 19th century debates on vitalism, teleology, and mechanism. As a case study of scientific discovery, this work offers lucid insight into the process of creative science and its dependence on cultural and philosophic sources. Immunologists and historians of science and medicine will find it an absorbing and accessible account of a remarkable individual.

Immunity

Immunity
  • Author : Luba Vikhanski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-01
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781613731130
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Summary : Around Christmas of 1882, while peering through a microscope at starfish larvae in which he had inserted tiny thorns, Russian zoologist Elie Metchnikoff had a brilliant insight: what if the mobile cells he saw gathering around the thorns were the same as white blood cells that traveled to the site of an injury or infection in a human or other animal? Was this some form of cellular defense? Metchnikoff's theory of immunity, that phagocytes—white blood cells—formed the first line of defense against invading bacteria would eventually earn the scientist the unofficial moniker "Father of Natural Immunity" and a Nobel Prize. But first, he had to convince his colleagues, including the skeptical Robert Koch. Author Luba Vikhanski chronicles Metchnikoff's remarkable life, work, and discoveries in Immunity, the first modern biography of this hero of medicine. Metchnikoff was a towering figure in the scientific community of the early 20th century, a tireless humanitarian who worked to curb cholera, syphilis, and other diseases, and pioneered research into probiotics and gerontology. Though Metchnikoff is largely forgotten today, Vikhanski makes a compelling case that his work on natural immunity is finally receiving the attention it deserves.

A History of Transplantation Immunology

A History of Transplantation Immunology
  • Author : Leslie Brent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 0121317706
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Summary : Those entering the field of transplantation are frequently unaware of the topics historical roots and even of the background on which modern discoveries in tolerance, histocompabatibility antigens, and xenotransplantation are based. A History of Transplantation Immunology is an account, written by one of the founding fathers of the field, of how tissue and organ transplantation has become one of the most successful branches of late 20th century medicine. The book helps place the work of contemporary scientists into its proper context and makes fascinating reading for immunologists in all stages of their career. Key Features * Describes landmarks in immunology and places them in historical context * Beautifully written by one of the founding fathers of the field * Portrays the surprising history of events in a colorful and readable manner * Contains biographical sketches of some of the pioneers * Illustrates the development of key ideas in immunology--tolerance, graft rejection, and transplantation * Foreword by Ray Owen

Immunity

Immunity
  • Author : William E. Paul
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-15
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781421418025
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Summary : Paul argues that we must take advantage of cutting-edge technologies and promising new tools in immunological research.

Milestones in Immunology

Milestones in Immunology
  • Author : Domenico Ribatti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-13
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9780128113295
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Summary : Milestones in Immunology: Based on Collected Papers contains scientific milestones relating to the history of medicine over the past two centuries. The book highlights the contributions of pioneering scientists whose discoveries have paved the way for researchers working in the field of immunology. As the science of immunology grew from knowledge that survivors of common infectious diseases rarely contracted them again, the book uses this as a central thesis, helping readers understand how the adaptive immune system aids in defense against pathogens. In addition, the book covers special fields, such as immunohistochemistry, immunogenetics and immunopathology. For the past century, immunology has fascinated and inspired some of the greatest scientists of our time. Numerous Nobel Prizes have been awarded for fundamental discoveries in immunology, from Paul Ehrlich’ work on antibodies (1908) to the studies of Zinkernagel and Doherty (1986) elucidating mechanisms of cell-mediated immunity. Provides on update on developments since the publication of Nobel prize winning research for fundamental discoveries in immunology Discusses the changing theories and technologies that guided the field Lists all the important discoveries and books in the field Explains, in detail, the many Nobel prize-winning contributions of immunologists Provides recognition of the scientists who were pioneers of landmark discoveries in immunology

Intolerant Bodies

Intolerant Bodies
  • Author : Warwick Anderson,Ian R. Mackay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-15
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781421415345
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Summary : Connecting laboratory research, clinical medicine, social theory, and lived experience, Intolerant Bodies reveals how doctors and patients have come to terms, often reluctantly, with this novel and puzzling mechanism of disease causation.

Natural Killer Cells

Natural Killer Cells
  • Author : Jacques Zimmer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-12
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 3642023096
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Summary : Natural killer (NK) cells have been at the forefront of immunology for two decades. During that time, a great amount of information about these cells has been obtained. They are important in antiinfectious and antitumoral defense and shape the adaptive immune response. In addition, they can act as immunoregulatory cells. In recent years, the therapeutic potential of NK cells in cancer immunotherapy has become increasingly evident. This book describes in detail current knowledge about NK cells and covers a broad range of NK cell-related topics, including those that are not frequently reviewed, e.g. NK cells and allergy or NK cells and skin diseases.

Viruses and Man: A History of Interactions

Viruses and Man: A History of Interactions
  • Author : Milton W. Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-21
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9783319077581
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Summary : Milton Taylor, Indiana University, offers an easy-to-read and fascinating text describing the impact of viruses on human society. The book starts with an analysis of the profound effect that viral epidemics had on world history resulting in demographic upheavals by destroying total populations. It also provides a brief history of virology and immunology. Furthermore, the use of viruses for the treatment of cancer (viral oncolysis or virotherapy) and bacterial diseases (phage therapy) and as vectors in gene therapy is discussed in detail. Several chapters focus on viral diseases such as smallpox, influenza, polio, hepatitis and their control, as well as on HIV and AIDS and on some emerging viruses with an interesting story attached to their discovery or vaccine development. The book closes with a chapter on biological weapons. It will serve as an invaluable source of information for beginners in the field of virology as well as for experienced virologists, other academics, students, and readers without prior knowledge of virology or molecular biology.