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A Practical Guide to Writing a Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Grant

A Practical Guide to Writing a Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Grant
  • Author : Andrew D. Hollenbach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 9780124202368
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Summary : A Practical Guide to Writing a Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Grant provides F-Series grant applicants and mentors with insider knowledge on the process by which these grants are reviewed, the biases that contribute to the reviews, the extent of information required in an NRSA training grant, a deeper understanding of the exact purpose of each section of the application, and key suggestions and recommendations on how to best construct each and every section of the application. A Practical Guide to Writing a Ruth L. Kirschstein NRSA Grant is a solid resource for trainees and their mentors to use as a guide when constructing F30, F31, and F32 grant applications. Covers F30, F31, and F32 grant applications Detailed overview of the review process Key suggestions on how to best construct each section of the application Includes a checklist of required items

Guide to Effective Grant Writing

Guide to Effective Grant Writing
  • Author : Otto O. Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-02-16
  • Total pages :94
  • ISBN : 9780387277493
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Summary : Guide to Effective Grant Writing: How to Write a Successful NIH Grant is written to help the 100,000+ post-graduate students and professionals who need to write effective proposals for grants. There is little or no formal teaching about the process of writing grants for NIH, and many grant applications are rejected due to poor writing and weak formulation of ideas. Procuring grant funding is the central key to survival for any academic researcher in the biological sciences; thus, being able to write a proposal that effectively illustrates one's ideas is essential. Covering all aspects of the proposal process, from the most basic questions about form and style to the task of seeking funding, this volume offers clear advice backed up with excellent examples. Included are a number of specimen proposals to help shed light on the important issues surrounding the writing of proposals. The Guide is a clear, straight-forward, and reader-friendly tool. Guide to Effective Grant Writing: How to Write a Successful NIH Grant Writing is based on Dr. Yang's extensive experience serving on NIH grant review panels; it covers the common mistakes and problems he routinely witnesses while reviewing grants.

Writing Dissertation and Grant Proposals

Writing Dissertation and Grant Proposals
  • Author : Lisa Chasan-Taber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-28
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781466512078
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Summary : Competition for research funds in epidemiology, preventative medicine, and biostatistics has never been more intense and, at the same time, the grant application and review process at such agencies as the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is undergoing significant transformation. Writing Dissertation and Grant Proposals: Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics targets effective grant proposal writing in this highly competitive and evolving environment. Covering all aspects of the proposal writing process, the text: Provides summary checklists and step-by-step guidelines for grant structure and style alongside broader strategies for developing a research funding portfolio Explains how to avoid common errors and pitfalls, supplying critical do’s and don’ts that aid in writing solid grant proposals Demonstrates proven tactics and illustrates key concepts with extensive examples from successfully funded proposals Written by an established NIH reviewer with inside knowledge and an impressive track record of funding, Writing Dissertation and Grant Proposals: Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics is a virtual cookbook of the appropriate ingredients needed to construct a winning grant proposal. Therefore, the text is not only relevant for early-stage investigators including graduate students, medical students/residents, and postdoctoral fellows, but also valuable for experienced faculty, clinicians, epidemiologists, and health professionals who cannot seem to break the barrier to obtain NIH-funded research.

Strategies for Team Science Success

Strategies for Team Science Success
  • Author : Kara L. Hall,Amanda L. Vogel,Robert T. Croyle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :633
  • ISBN : 9783030209926
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Summary : Collaborations that integrate diverse perspectives are critical to addressing many of our complex scientific and societal problems. Yet those engaged in cross-disciplinary team science often face institutional barriers and collaborative challenges. Strategies for Team Science Success offers readers a comprehensive set of actionable strategies for reducing barriers and overcoming challenges and includes practical guidance for how to implement effective team science practices. More than 100 experts--including scientists, administrators, and funders from a wide range of disciplines and professions-- explain evidence-based principles, highlight state-of the-art strategies, tools, and resources, and share first-person accounts of how theyve applied them in their own successful team science initiatives. While many examples draw from cross-disciplinary team science initiatives in the health domain, the handbook is designed to be useful across all areas of science. Strategies for Team Science Success will inspire and enable readers to embrace cross-disciplinary team science, by articulating its value for accelerating scientific progress, and by providing practical strategies for success. Scientists, administrators, funders, and others engaged in team science will also leave equipped to develop new policies and practices needed to keep pace in our rapidly changing scientific landscape. Scholars across the Science of Team Science (SciTS), management, organizational, behavioral and social sciences, public health, philosophy, and information technology, among other areas of scholarship, will find inspiration for new research directions to continue advancing cross-disciplinary team science.

Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences

Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences
  • Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee to Study the National Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Personnel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-02-28
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 9780309209939
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Summary : Comprehensive research and a highly-trained workforce are essential for the improvement of health and health care both nationally and internationally. During the past 40 years the National Research Services Award (NRSA) Program has played a large role in training the workforce responsible for dramatic advances in the understanding of various diseases and new insights that have led to more effective and targeted therapies. In spite of this program, the difficulty obtaining jobs after the postdoc period has discouraged many domestic students from pursuing graduate postdoc training. In the United States, more than 50 percent of the postdoc workforce is made up of individuals who obtained their Ph.D.s from other countries. Indeed, one can make a strong argument that the influx of highly trained and creative foreigners has contributed greatly to U.S. science over the past 70 years. Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences discusses a number of important issues, including: the job prospects for postdocs completing their training; questions about the continued supply of international postdocs in an increasingly competitive world; the need for equal, excellent training for all graduate students who receive NIH funding; and the need to increase the diversity of trainees. The book recommends improvements in minority recruiting, more rigorous and extensive training in the responsible conduct of research and ethics, increased emphasis on career development, more attention to outcomes, and the requirement for incorporating more quantitative thinking in the biomedical curriculum.

Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation

Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Underrepresented Groups and the Expansion of the Science and Engineering Workforce Pipeline
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-29
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9780309159685
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Summary : In order for the United States to maintain the global leadership and competitiveness in science and technology that are critical to achieving national goals, we must invest in research, encourage innovation, and grow a strong and talented science and technology workforce. Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation explores the role of diversity in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workforce and its value in keeping America innovative and competitive. According to the book, the U.S. labor market is projected to grow faster in science and engineering than in any other sector in the coming years, making minority participation in STEM education at all levels a national priority. Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation analyzes the rate of change and the challenges the nation currently faces in developing a strong and diverse workforce. Although minorities are the fastest growing segment of the population, they are underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering. Historically, there has been a strong connection between increasing educational attainment in the United States and the growth in and global leadership of the economy. Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation suggests that the federal government, industry, and post-secondary institutions work collaboratively with K-12 schools and school systems to increase minority access to and demand for post-secondary STEM education and technical training. The book also identifies best practices and offers a comprehensive road map for increasing involvement of underrepresented minorities and improving the quality of their education. It offers recommendations that focus on academic and social support, institutional roles, teacher preparation, affordability and program development.

The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited

The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited
  • Author : Committee to Review the State of Postdoctoral Experience in Scientists and Engineers,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Policy and Global Affairs,National Academy of Sciences,National Academy of Engineering,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-09
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 0309314461
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Summary : "The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited" builds on the 2000 report "Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers." That ground-breaking report assessed the postdoctoral experience and provided principles, action points, and recommendations to enhance that experience. Since the publication of the 2000 report, the postdoctoral landscape has changed considerably. The percentage of PhDs who pursue postdoctoral training is growing steadily and spreading from the biomedical and physical sciences to engineering and the social sciences. The average length of time spent in postdoctoral positions seems to be increasing. "The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited" reexamines postdoctoral programs in the United States, focusing on how postdocs are being guided and managed, how institutional practices have changed, and what happens to postdocs after they complete their programs. This book explores important changes that have occurred in postdoctoral practices and the research ecosystem and assesses how well current practices meet the needs of these fledgling scientists and engineers and of the research enterprise. "The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited" takes a fresh look at current postdoctoral fellows - how many there are, where they are working, in what fields, and for how many years. This book makes recommendations to improve aspects of programs - postdoctoral period of service, title and role, career development, compensation and benefits, and mentoring. Current data on demographics, career aspirations, and career outcomes for postdocs are limited. This report makes the case for better data collection by research institution and data sharing. A larger goal of this study is not only to propose ways to make the postdoctoral system better for the postdoctoral researchers themselves but also to better understand the role that postdoctoral training plays in the research enterprise. It is also to ask whether there are alternative ways to satisfy some of the research and career development needs of postdoctoral researchers that are now being met with several years of advanced training. Postdoctoral researchers are the future of the research enterprise. The discussion and recommendations of "The Postdoctoral Experience Revisited" will stimulate action toward clarifying the role of postdoctoral researchers and improving their status and experience.

The Grant Application Writer's Workbook

The Grant Application Writer's Workbook
  • Author : M. S. (Peg) AtKisson,David C. Morrison,Stephen W. Russell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-26
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0974983721
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Summary :

Winning Grants Step by Step

Winning Grants Step by Step
  • Author : Mim Carlson,Tori O'Neal-McElrath,The Alliance for Nonprofit Management
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-28
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780470389492
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Summary :

Graduate STEM Education for the 21st Century

Graduate STEM Education for the 21st Century
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee on Revitalizing Graduate STEM Education for the 21st Century
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-21
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9780309472739
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Summary : The U.S. system of graduate education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has served the nation and its science and engineering enterprise extremely well. Over the course of their education, graduate students become involved in advancing the frontiers of discovery, as well as in making significant contributions to the growth of the U.S. economy, its national security, and the health and well-being of its people. However, continuous, dramatic innovations in research methods and technologies, changes in the nature and availability of work, shifts in demographics, and expansions in the scope of occupations needing STEM expertise raise questions about how well the current STEM graduate education system is meeting the full array of 21st century needs. Indeed, recent surveys of employers and graduates and studies of graduate education suggest that many graduate programs do not adequately prepare students to translate their knowledge into impact in multiple careers. Graduate STEM Education for the 21st Century examines the current state of U.S. graduate STEM education. This report explores how the system might best respond to ongoing developments in the conduct of research on evidence-based teaching practices and in the needs and interests of its students and the broader society it seeks to serve. This will be an essential resource for the primary stakeholders in the U.S. STEM enterprise, including federal and state policymakers, public and private funders, institutions of higher education, their administrators and faculty, leaders in business and industry, and the students the system is intended to educate.

Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers

Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers
  • Author : National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-10-08
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780309069960
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Summary : The concept of postdoctoral training came to science and engineering about a century ago. Since the 1960s, the performance of research in the United States has increasingly relied on these recent PhDs who work on a full-time, but on a temporary basis, to gain additional research experience in preparation for a professional research career. Such experiences are increasingly seen as central to careers in research, but for many, the postdoctoral experience falls short of expectations. Some postdocs indicate that they have not received the recognition, standing or compensation that is commensurate with their experience and skills. Is this the case? If so, how can the postdoctoral experience be enhanced for the over 40,000 individuals who hold these positions at university, government, and industry laboratories? This new book offers its assessment of the postdoctoral experience and provides principles, action points, and recommendations for enhancing that experience.

Practical Writing Solutions

Practical Writing Solutions
  • Author : Shawn Higgins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-02
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 1793080747
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Summary : This book examines writing in professional and academic settings. It features a variety of exercises and examples designed to help writers effectively connect with their audiences. The activities in this book help writers with critical thinking, specificity, audience awareness, rhetorical strategies, and more. Fifth edition.

Advancing the Nation's Health Needs

Advancing the Nation's Health Needs
  • Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee for Monitoring the Nation's Changing Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Personnel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-08-13
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9780309094276
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Summary : This report is the twelfth assessment of the National Institutes of Health National Research Service Awards program. The research training needs of the country in basic biomedical, clinical, and behavioral and social sciences are considered. Also included are the training needs of oral health, nursing, and health services research. The report has been broadly constructed to take into account the rapidly evolving national and international health care needs. The past and present are analyzed, and predictions with regard to future needs are presented.

The Science of Effective Mentorship in STEMM

The Science of Effective Mentorship in STEMM
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee on Effective Mentoring in STEMM
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-24
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780309497299
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Summary : Mentorship is a catalyst capable of unleashing one's potential for discovery, curiosity, and participation in STEMM and subsequently improving the training environment in which that STEMM potential is fostered. Mentoring relationships provide developmental spaces in which students' STEMM skills are honed and pathways into STEMM fields can be discovered. Because mentorship can be so influential in shaping the future STEMM workforce, its occurrence should not be left to chance or idiosyncratic implementation. There is a gap between what we know about effective mentoring and how it is practiced in higher education. The Science of Effective Mentorship in STEMM studies mentoring programs and practices at the undergraduate and graduate levels. It explores the importance of mentorship, the science of mentoring relationships, mentorship of underrepresented students in STEMM, mentorship structures and behaviors, and institutional cultures that support mentorship. This report and its complementary interactive guide present insights on effective programs and practices that can be adopted and adapted by institutions, departments, and individual faculty members.

Writing Your Journal Article in Twelve Weeks

Writing Your Journal Article in Twelve Weeks
  • Author : Wendy Laura Belcher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-21
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 9781412957014
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Summary : `A comprehensive, well-written and beautifully organized book on publishing articles in the humanities and social sciences that will help its readers write forward with a first-rate guide as good company.' - Joan Bolker, author of Writing Your Dissertation in Fifteen Minutes a Day `Humorous, direct, authentic ... a seamless weave of experience, anecdote, and research.' - Kathleen McHugh, professor and director of the UCLA Center for the Study of Women Wendy Laura Belcher's Writing Your Journal Article in Twelve Weeks: A Guide to Academic Publishing Success is a revolutionary approach to enabling academic authors to overcome their anxieties and produce the publications that are essential to succeeding in their fields. Each week, readers learn a particular feature of strong articles and work on revising theirs accordingly. At the end of twelve weeks, they send their article to a journal. This invaluable resource is the only guide that focuses specifically on publishing humanities and social science journal articles.

Principles of Clinical Cancer Research

Principles of Clinical Cancer Research
  • Author : Loren K. Mell, MD,Phuoc T. Tran, MD, PhD,James B. Yu, MD, MHS,Qiang (Ed) Zhang, PhD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-28
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781617052392
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Summary : Principles of Clinical Cancer Research provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of clinical cancer research, including the full spectrum of methodologies used in the field. For those involved in research or considering research careers, this book offers a mix of practical advice and analytical tools for effective training in theoretical principles as well as specific, usable teaching examples. The clinical oncologist or trainee will find a high-yield, practical guide to the interpretation of the oncology literature and the application of data to real-world settings. Valuable for both researchers and clinicians who wish to sharpen their skills, this book contains all of the cornerstones and explanations needed to produce and recognize quality clinical science in oncology. Written from the physician-scientist’s perspective, the book lays a strong foundation in preclinical sciences that is highly relevant to careers in translational oncology research along with coverage of population and outcomes research and clinical trials. It brings together fundamental principles in oncology with the statistical concepts one needs to know to design and interpret studies successfully. With each chapter including perspectives of both clinicians and scientists or biostatisticians, Principles of Clinical Cancer Research provides balanced, instructive, and high-quality topic overviews and applications that are accessible and thorough for anyone in the field. KEY FEATURES: Gives real-world examples and rationales behind which research methods to use when and why Includes numerous tables featuring key statistical methods and programming commands used in everyday clinical research Contains illustrative practical examples and figures in each chapter to help the reader master concepts Provides tips and pointers for structuring a career, avoiding pitfalls, and achieving success in the field of clinical cancer research Access to fully downloadable eBook

Writing the Heavenly Frontier

Writing the Heavenly Frontier
  • Author : Denice Turner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-10
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : 9789042032972
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Summary : Writing the Heavenly Frontier celebrates the early voices of the air as it examines the sky as a metaphorical and political landscape. While flight histories usually focus on the physical dangers of early aviation, this book introduces the figurative liabilities of ascension. Early pilot-writers not only grappled with an unwieldy machine; they also grappled with poetics that were extremely selective. Tropes that cast Charles Lindbergh as the transcendent hero of the new millennium were the same ones that kept women, black Americans, and indigenous peoples imaginatively tethered to the ground. The most popular flight autobiographies in the United States posited a hero who rose from the mundane to the miraculous; and yet the most startling autobiographies point out the social factors that limited or forbade vertical movement—both literally and figuratively. A survey of pilot writing, the book will appeal to flight enthusiasts and people interested in American autobiography and culture. But it will also appeal strongly to readers interested in the poetics and politics of place.

The Complete Writing Guide to NIH Behavioral Science Grants

The Complete Writing Guide to NIH Behavioral Science Grants
  • Author : Lawrence M. Scheier,William L. Dewey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : UOM:39015073939897
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Summary : A veritable cookbook for individuals or corporations seeking funding from the federal government, The Complete Writing Guide to NIH Behavioral Science Grants contains the latest in technical information on NIH grants, including the new electronic submission process. Some of the most successful grant writers in history have contributed to this volume, offering key strategies as well as tips and suggestions in areas that are normally hard to find in grant writing guides, such as budgeting, human subjects, and power analysis. A "who's who" among grant reviewers, this guidebook provides "inside" information as to why some grants are scored well while others flounder during review. A must-read for both entry level grant writers making headway in the complex NIH grant system for the first time as well as more seasoned investigators who can't seem to break the barrier to funded research grants, Drs. Scheier and Dewey's comprehensive volume provides simple and clear explanations into the reasons why some grants get funded, and a step-by-step guide to writing those grants.

Soldier of Tennessee

Soldier of Tennessee
  • Author : Sam Davis Elliott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-03-01
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9780807129708
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Summary : As one of the few higher-ranking officers in the Army of Tennessee to avoid controversy, General Alexander P. Stewart (1821–1908) was an outstanding, but not outrageous, leader. In this masterful biography, Sam Davis Elliott traces the life of this undeservedly obscure general, from his early years at West Point through his involvement in nearly all of the battles fought by the Army of Tennessee to his postwar career as an educator and Civil War park commissioner. More than the story of one man, Soldier of Tennessee poignantly conveys the triumphs and failures of the Confederate effort in the West and a divided nation’s efforts at reconciliation.

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (Stem) Education

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (Stem) Education
  • Author : Heather B. Gonzalez,Jeffrey J. Kuenzi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-10
  • Total pages :40
  • ISBN : 1479106100
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Summary : The term “STEM education” refers to teaching and learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. It typically includes educational activities across all grade levels—from pre-school to post-doctorate—in both formal (e.g., classrooms) and informal (e.g., afterschool programs) settings. Federal policymakers have an active and enduring interest in STEM education and the topic is frequently raised in federal science, education, workforce, national security, and immigration policy debates. For example, more than 200 bills containing the term “science education” were introduced between the 100th and 110th congresses. The United States is widely believed to perform poorly in STEM education. However, the data paint a complicated picture. By some measures, U.S. students appear to be doing quite well. For example, overall graduate enrollments in science and engineering (S&E) grew 35% over the last decade. Further, S&E enrollments for Hispanic/Latino, American Indian/Alaska Native, and African American students (all of whom are generally underrepresented in S&E) grew by 65%, 55%, and 50%, respectively. On the other hand, concerns remain about persistent academic achievement gaps between various demographic groups, STEM teacher quality, the rankings of U.S. students on international STEM assessments, foreign student enrollments and increased education attainment in other countries, and the ability of the U.S. STEM education system to meet domestic demand for STEM labor. Various attempts to assess the federal STEM education effort have produced different estimates of its scope and scale. Analysts have identified between 105 and 252 STEM education programs or activities at 13 to 15 federal agencies. Annual federal appropriations for STEM education are typically in the range of $2.8 billion to $3.4 billion. All published inventories identify the Department of Education, National Science Foundation, and Health and Human Services as key agencies in the federal effort. Over half of federal STEM education funding is intended to serve the needs of postsecondary schools and students; the remainder goes to efforts at the kindergarten-through-Grade 12 level. Much of the funding for post-secondary students is in the form of financial aid. Federal STEM education policy concerns center on issues that relate to STEM education as a whole—such as governance of the federal effort and broadening participation of underrepresented populations—as well as those that are specific to STEM education at the elementary, secondary, and postsecondary levels. Governance concerns focus on perceived duplication and lack of coordination in the federal effort; broadening participation concerns tend to highlight achievement gaps between various demographic groups. Analysts suggest a variety of policy proposals in elementary, secondary, and postsecondary STEM education. At the K-12 level, these include proposals to address teacher quality, accountability, and standards. At the post-secondary level, proposals center on efforts to remediate and retain students in STEM majors. This report is intended to serve as a primer for outlining existing STEM education policy issues and programs. It includes assessments of the federal STEM education effort and the condition of STEM education in the United States, as well as an analysis of several of the policy issues central to the contemporary federal conversation about STEM education. Appendix A contains frequently cited data and sources and Appendix B includes a selection of major STEM-related acts.

Animal Models for Microbiome Research

Animal Models for Microbiome Research
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-23
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9780309463881
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Summary : The surface of the human body and its mucous membranes are heavily colonized by microorganisms. Our understanding of the contributions that complex microbial communities make to health and disease is advancing rapidly. Most microbiome research to date has focused on the mouse as a model organism for delineating the mechanisms that shape the assembly and dynamic operations of microbial communities. However, the mouse is not a perfect surrogate for studying different aspects of the microbiome and how it responds to various environmental and host stimuli, and as a result, researchers have been conducting microbiome studies in other animals. To examine the different animal models researchers employ in microbiome studies and to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of each of these model organisms as they relate to human and nonhuman health and disease, the Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in December 2016. The workshop participants explored how to improve the depth and breadth of analysis of microbial communities using various model organisms, the challenges of standardization and biological variability that are inherent in gnotobiotic animal-based research, the predictability and translatability of preclinical studies to humans, and strategies for expanding the infrastructure and tools for conducting studies in these types of models. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.