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Addressing Global Hunger

Addressing Global Hunger
  • Author : Marianella Herrera-Cuenca,Tatyana El-kour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-29
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 0128165502
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Summary : Tackling the Food Crisis in a Postmodern World offers an innovative tool for engaging in efforts against hunger and brings forward a hybrid approach to identifying mechanisms of how global hunger is established, identified, addressed, and eradicated within personal and social constructs and values. As the global population continues to grow, the world is challenged with the evolving dynamics of food and nutrition sovereignty. There is a dire need to appreciate what governs the food that we eat and is made available to us on our everyday food plate. In this deeply researched and vitally important book, the authors aim at bridging the global divide between research and practice to help establish a contemporary perspective on tackling global hunger while applying the knowledge learned to address how hunger manifests itself in a postmodern lifestyle. Idea for those in traditional food security focused roles, and valuable as a starting point for those exploring the multidisciplinary nature of this worldwide challenge. Uses multidisciplinary and integrated methods to explore the realities of hunger Features case studies, valuable syntheses of scattered material, and important topics of discussion and debate Provides a guide on differentiating correct from false information when it comes to the specific topic of the chapter

Forests and Food

Forests and Food
  • Author : Bhaskar Vira,Christoph Wildburger,Stephanie Mansourian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-15
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781783741939
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Summary : As population estimates for 2050 reach over 9 billion, issues of food security and nutrition have been dominating academic and policy debates. A total of 805 million people are undernourished worldwide and malnutrition affects nearly every country on the planet. Despite impressive productivity increases, there is growing evidence that conventional agricultural strategies fall short of eliminating global hunger, as well as having long-term ecological consequences. Forests can play an important role in complementing agricultural production to address the Sustainable Development Goals on zero hunger. Forests and trees can be managed to provide better and more nutritionally-balanced diets, greater control over food inputs—particularly during lean seasons and periods of vulnerability (especially for marginalised groups)—and deliver ecosystem services for crop production. However forests are undergoing a rapid process of degradation, a complex process that governments are struggling to reverse. This volume provides important evidence and insights about the potential of forests to reducing global hunger and malnutrition, exploring the different roles of landscapes, and the governance approaches that are required for the equitable delivery of these benefits. Forests and Food is essential reading for researchers, students, NGOs and government departments responsible for agriculture, forestry, food security and poverty alleviation around the globe.

2014 Global Hunger Index

2014 Global Hunger Index
  • Author : Saltzman, Amy,Birol, Ekin,Wiesman, Doris,Prasai, Nilam,Yohannes, Yisehac,Menon, Purnima,Thompson, Jennifer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-13
  • Total pages :56
  • ISBN : 9780896299580
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Summary : With one more year before the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, the 2014 Global Hunger Index report offers a multifaceted overview of global hunger that brings new insights to the global debate on where to focus efforts in the fight against hunger and malnutrition. The state of hunger in developing countries as a group has improved since 1990, falling by 39 percent, according to the 2014 GHI. Despite progress made, the level of hunger in the world is still “serious,” with 805 million people continuing to go hungry, according to estimates by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The global average obscures dramatic differences across regions and countries. Regionally, the highest GHI scores—and therefore the highest hunger levels—are in Africa south of the Sahara and South Asia, which have also experienced the greatest absolute improvements since 2005. South Asia saw the steepest absolute decline in GHI scores since 1990. Progress in addressing child underweight was the main factor behind the improved GHI score for the region since 1990.

World Hunger

World Hunger
  • Author : Frances Moore Lappé,Joseph Collins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-06
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9780802190987
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Summary : “The definitive solutions-based book for all those questioning why hunger still exists when there is such an abundance of food” (The Huffington Post, “Food Tank’s 2015 Recommended Fall Reading List”). From bestselling authors Frances Moore Lappé and Joseph Collins comes the twenty-first century’s authoritative book on world hunger. Lappé and Collins refute the myths that prevent us from addressing the root causes of hunger across the globe. World Hunger: Ten Myths draws on extensive new research to offer fresh, often startling, insights about tough questions—from climate change and population growth to genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and the role of US foreign aid, and more. Brimming with little-known but life-changing examples of solutions to hunger worldwide, this myth-busting book argues that sustainable agriculture can feed the world, that we can end nutritional deprivation affecting one-quarter of the world’s people, and that most in the Global North have more in common with hungry people than they thought. For novices and scholars alike, World Hunger: Ten Myths will inspire a whole new generation of hunger-fighters. “World Hunger . . . should become not only a book for study, but a guide to action.” —Noam Chomsky

World Hunger

World Hunger
  • Author : Frances Moore Lappé,Joseph Collins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :68
  • ISBN : 0935028005
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Summary :

Mitigating the Nutritional Impacts of the Global Food Price Crisis

Mitigating the Nutritional Impacts of the Global Food Price Crisis
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Board on Global Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-10
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 0309151953
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Summary : In 2007 and 2008, the world witnessed a dramatic increase in food prices. The global financial crisis that began in 2008 compounded the burden of high food prices, exacerbating the problems of hunger and malnutrition in developing countries. The tandem food price and economic crises struck amidst the massive, chronic problem of hunger and undernutrition in developing countries. National governments and international actors have taken a variety of steps to mitigate the negative effects of increased food prices on particular groups. The recent abrupt increase in food prices, in tandem with the current global economic crisis, threatens progress already made in these areas, and could inhibit future efforts. The Institute of Medicine held a workshop, summarized in this volume, to describe the dynamic technological, agricultural, and economic issues contributing to the food price increases of 2007 and 2008 and their impacts on health and nutrition in resource-poor regions. The compounding effects of the current global economic downturn on nutrition motivated additional discussions on these dual crises, their impacts on the nutritional status of vulnerable populations, and opportunities to mitigate their negative nutritional effects.

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-15
  • Total pages :239
  • ISBN : 9789251315705
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Summary : This year’s report presents evidence that the absolute number of people who suffer from hunger continues to slowly increase. The report also highlights that food insecurity is more than just hunger. For the first time, the report provides evidence that many people in the world, even if not hungry, experience moderate food insecurity as they face uncertainties about their ability to obtain food and are forced to compromise on the quality and/or quantity of the food they consume. This phenomenon is observed globally, not only in low- and middle-income countries but also in high income countries. The report also shows that the world is not on track to meet global nutrition targets, including those on low birthweight and on reducing stunting among children under five years. Moreover, overweight and obesity continue to increase in all regions, particularly among school-age children and adults. The report stresses that no region is exempt from the epidemic of overweight and obesity, underscoring the necessity of multifaceted, multisectoral approaches to halt and reverse these worrying trends. In light of the fragile state of the world economy, the report presents new evidence confirming that hunger has been on the rise for many countries where the economy has slowed down or contracted. Unpacking the links between economic slowdowns and downturns and food insecurity and malnutrition, the report contends that the effects of the former on the latter can only be offset by addressing the root causes of hunger and malnutrition: poverty, inequality and marginalization.

Hunger and Markets

Hunger and Markets
  • Author : World Food Programme
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 9781844078370
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Summary : This volume analyzes the workings of markets in order to identify the sources of market failures in addressing hunger and malnutrition, and to highlight the ways in which they can be improved. It sets out the ways in which programme design and policy formulation can build on the strength of markets to prevent negative effects.

Hunger and Public Action

Hunger and Public Action
  • Author : Jean Drèze,Amartya Sen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :373
  • ISBN : 9780198283652
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Summary : This book analyses the role of public action in solving the problem of hunger in the modern world and is divided into four parts: Hunger in the modern world, Famines, Undernutrition and deprivation, and Hunger and public action.

Food Poverty and Insecurity: International Food Inequalities

Food Poverty and Insecurity: International Food Inequalities
  • Author : Martin Caraher,John Coveney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-23
  • Total pages :126
  • ISBN : 9783319238593
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Summary : ​This volume is concerned with food poverty and action on food (in)security. The context is a global one; as the developed world faces a problem with overconsumption and chronic diseases, the developing world is addressing the double burden of hunger and over consumption. Even in the developed world, nation states are facing the rise of modern malnutrition which is over consumption, but also the re-emergence of hunger as there are growing levels of poverty and inequality due to the financial crises. Food insecurity is in many people’s minds associated with hunger, and while this is true the modern food system has introduced new complexities to food insecurity with the growth of micro-nutrient inequalities. Hunger and obesity are not being faced by two different groups but often the same group or cohort. These are features of modern malnutrition that are often not recognized. A critical examination of food poverty and food security is undertaken, with a view to clarifying taken-for-granted assumptions in present discourses. The book addresses food charity and the rise of solutions such as foodbanks as appropriate social responses. The final chapters explore the solutions from real life situations. The concluding chapter from the editors draws together the issues and locates solutions within a food policy framework of the total food system. The various definitions of food insecurity will are examined. Hunger and its modern manifestations (hunger and obesity) is another focus, with particular explorations of developed and developing countries experiences. Some of the chapters cover how food poverty/insecurity is being addressed and provide examples of work in progress.

Forests and Food

Forests and Food
  • Author : Bhaskar Vira,Stephanie Mansourian,Christoph Wildburger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-15
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 1783741945
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Summary : As population estimates for 2050 reach over 9 billion, issues of food security and nutrition have been dominating academic and policy debates. A total of 805 million people are undernourished worldwide and malnutrition affects nearly every country on the planet. Despite impressive productivity increases, there is growing evidence that conventional agricultural strategies fall short of eliminating global hunger, as well as having long-term ecological consequences. Forests can play an important role in complementing agricultural production to address the Sustainable Development Goals on zero hunger. Forests and trees can be managed to provide better and more nutritionally-balanced diets, greater control over food inputs - particularly during lean seasons and periods of vulnerability (especially for marginalised groups) - and deliver ecosystem services for crop production. However forests are undergoing a rapid process of degradation, a complex process that governments are struggling to reverse. This volume provides important evidence and insights about the potential of forests to reducing global hunger and malnutrition, exploring the different roles of landscapes, and the governance approaches that are required for the equitable delivery of these benefits. Forests and Food is essential reading for researchers, students, NGOs and government departments responsible for agriculture, forestry, food security and poverty alleviation around the globe.

Forests and Food

Forests and Food
  • Author : Bina Agarwal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :275
  • ISBN : 2821876114
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Summary : As population estimates for 2050 reach over 9 billion, issues of food security and nutrition have been dominating academic and policy debates. A total of 805 million people are undernourished worldwide and malnutrition affects nearly every country on the planet. Despite impressive productivity increases, there is growing evidence that conventional agricultural strategies fall short of eliminating global hunger, as well as having long-term ecological consequences. Forests can play an important role in complementing agricultural production to address the Sustainable Development Goals on zero hunger. Forests and trees can be managed to provide better and more nutritionally-balanced diets, greater control over food inputs-particularly during lean seasons and periods of vulnerability (especially for marginalised groups)-and deliver ecosystem services for crop production. However forests are undergoing a rapid process of degradation, a complex process that governments are struggling to reverse. Forests have huge potential to reduce global hunger and malnutrition. Forests and Food provides the evidence and insights necessary for harnessing that power. This timely volume is essential reading for researchers, students, NGOs and governments around the globe.

Hidden Hunger

Hidden Hunger
  • Author : Hans Konrad Biesalski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-18
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 9783642339509
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Summary : Hidden Hunger is an increasing problem even in developed countries, whose potential negative consequences on long-term health are often overlooked and underestimated. Chronic malnutrition is at the core of the global hunger challenge facing science, politics, and economics. In plain language and with moving examples, Hans K. Biesalski describes how hidden hunger affects human health long before malnutrition becomes obvious. Worldwide, over one third of deaths among children under 5 years of age is associated with malnutrition. As poverty is the main reason for hidden hunger, addressing this dire challenge requires long-term policies. Land grabbing and climate change seriously counteract a lot of efforts to overcome hidden hunger. This book is a highly impressive call to action. Investment in agriculture and in particular in small-scale farmers to improve subsistence farming are among the approaches suggested to reach a sustainable solution. The author is head of the department of biochemistry and nutrition and managing director of the Food Security Center at the University of Hohenheim, Germany. He is a member of numerous advisory and expert groups for the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition.

One Billion Hungry

One Billion Hungry
  • Author : Gordon Conway
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-15
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780801466106
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Summary : Hunger is a daily reality for a billion people. More than six decades after the technological discoveries that led to the Green Revolution aimed at ending world hunger, regular food shortages, malnutrition, and poverty still plague vast swaths of the world. And with increasing food prices, climate change, resource inequality, and an ever-increasing global population, the future holds further challenges. In One Billion Hungry, Sir Gordon Conway, one of the world's foremost experts on global food needs, explains the many interrelated issues critical to our global food supply from the science of agricultural advances to the politics of food security. He expands the discussion begun in his influential The Doubly Green Revolution: Food for All in the Twenty-First Century, emphasizing the essential combination of increased food production, environmental stability, and poverty reduction necessary to end endemic hunger on our planet. Conway addresses a series of urgent questions about global hunger: • How we will feed a growing global population in the face of a wide range of adverse factors, including climate change? • What contributions can the social and natural sciences make in finding solutions? • And how can we engage both government and the private sector to apply these solutions and achieve significant impact in the lives of the poor? Conway succeeds in sharing his informed optimism about our collective ability to address these fundamental challenges if we use technology paired with sustainable practices and strategic planning. Beginning with a definition of hunger and how it is calculated, and moving through issues topically both detailed and comprehensive, each chapter focuses on specific challenges and solutions, ranging in scope from the farmer's daily life to the global movement of food, money, and ideas. Drawing on the latest scientific research and the results of projects around the world, Conway addresses the concepts and realities of our global food needs: the legacy of the Green Revolution; the impact of market forces on food availability; the promise and perils of genetically modified foods; agricultural innovation in regard to crops, livestock, pest control, soil, and water; and the need to both adapt to and slow the rate of climate change. One Billion Hungry will be welcomed by all readers seeking a multifaceted understanding of our global food supply, food security, international agricultural development, and sustainability.

Accounting for Hunger

Accounting for Hunger
  • Author : Olivier De Schutter,Kaitlin Y Cordes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-14
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781847318275
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Summary : The challenge of global hunger is now high on the agenda of governments and international policy-makers. This new work contributes to addressing that challenge, by looking at the obstacles which stand in the way of implementing a right to food in the era of globalisation. The book describes the current situation of global hunger; it considers how it relates both to the development of food systems and to the merger of the food and energy markets; and it explains how the right to food contributes to identifying solutions at the domestic and international levels. The right to food, it argues, can only be realised if governance improves at the domestic level, and if the international environment enables governments to adopt appropriate policies, for which they require a certain policy space. The essays in this book demonstrate that the current regimes of trade, investment and food aid, as well as the development of biofuels production – all of which contribute to define the international context in which states implement such reforms – should be reshaped if national efforts are to be successful. The implication is that extraterritorial human rights obligations of states (their obligations to respect the right to food beyond their national territories, for instance in their food aid, investment or trade policies), as well as the strengthening of global governance of food security (as is currently being attempted with the reform of the Committee on World Food Security in Rome), have a key role to fulfill: domestic reforms will not achieve sustainable results unless the international environment is more enabling of the efforts of governments acting individually. In this reform process, accountability both at the domestic and international level is essential if sustainable progress is to be achieved in combating global hunger.

Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger

Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Food and Nutrition Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-23
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780309292870
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Summary : Section 141 of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 20101 provides funding for a research program on the causes and consequences of childhood hunger and food insecurity, and the characteristics of households with childhood hunger and food insecurity, with a particular focus on efforts to improve the knowledge base regarding contributing factors, geographic distribution, programmatic effectiveness, public health and medical costs, and consequences for child development, well-being, and educational attainment. The Economic Research Service and Food and Nutrition Service of the US Department of Agriculture conducted two outreach efforts to obtain input from the research community and other stakeholders to help focus on areas and methods with the greatest research potential. First, Food and Nutrition Service sought written comments to selected questions through publication of a Federal Register Notice. The second option was to convene a workshop under the auspices of the Committee on National Statistics of the National Research Council and the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger is the summary of that workshop, convened in Fall 2012 to examine research gaps and opportunities to advance understanding of the causes and consequences of child hunger in the United States. This report reviews the adequacy of current knowledge, identifies substantial research gaps, and considers data availability of economic, health, social, cultural, demographic, and other factors that contribute to childhood hunger or food insecurity. It also considers the geographic distribution of childhood hunger and food insecurity; the extent to which existing federal assistance programs reduce childhood hunger and food insecurity; childhood hunger and food insecurity persistence, and the extent to which it is due to gaps in program coverage; and the inability of potential participants to access programs, or the insufficiency of program benefits or services. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger will be a resource to inform discussions about the public health and medical costs of childhood hunger and food insecurity through its focus on determinants of child food insecurity and hunger, individual, community, and policy responses to hunger, impacts of child food insecurity and hunger, and measurement and surveillance issues.

Ethics, Hunger and Globalization

Ethics, Hunger and Globalization
  • Author : Per Pinstrup-Andersen,Peter Sandøe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-20
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9781402061318
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Summary : This unique book adds an ethics dimension to the debate and research about poverty, hunger, and globalization. Scholars and practitioners from several disciplines discuss what action is needed for ethics to play a bigger role in reducing poverty and hunger within the context of globalization. The book concludes that much of the rhetoric is not followed up with appropriate action, and discusses the role of ethics in attempts to match action with rhetoric.

Ending Hunger Worldwide

Ending Hunger Worldwide
  • Author : George Kent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-03
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781317260493
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Summary : Why does hunger persist in a world of plenty? Ending Hunger Worldwide challenges the naive notion that everyone wants hunger to end, arguing that the powerful care - but not enough to make a difference. George Kent argues that the central focus in overcoming hunger should be on building stronger communities. It is these communities which can provide mutual support to ensure that people don't go hungry. Kent demonstrates that there is not a shortage of food but of what Amartya Sen terms 'opportunities', and that developing tight-knit communities will lead to more opportunities for the hungry and undernourished. Ending Hunger Worldwide challenges dominant market-led solutions, and will be essential reading for activists, NGO workers and development students looking for a fresh perspective.

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund,World Health Organization ,World Food Programme ,International Fund for Agriculture Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-12
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9789251305713
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Summary : New evidence this year corroborates the rise in world hunger observed in this report last year, sending a warning that more action is needed if we aspire to end world hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030. Updated estimates show the number of people who suffer from hunger has been growing over the past three years, returning to prevailing levels from almost a decade ago. Although progress continues to be made in reducing child stunting, over 22 percent of children under five years of age are still affected. Other forms of malnutrition are also growing: adult obesity continues to increase in countries irrespective of their income levels, and many countries are coping with multiple forms of malnutrition at the same time – overweight and obesity, as well as anaemia in women, and child stunting and wasting. Last year’s report showed that the failure to reduce world hunger is closely associated with the increase in conflict and violence in several parts of the world. In some countries, initial evidence showed climate-related events were also undermining food security and nutrition. This year’s report goes further to show that climate variability and extremes – even without conflict – are key drivers behind the recent rise in global hunger and one of the leading causes of severe food crises and their impact on people’s nutrition and health. Climate variability and exposure to more complex, frequent and intense climate extremes are threatening to erode and reverse gains in ending hunger and malnutrition. Furthermore, hunger is significantly worse in countries where agriculture systems are highly sensitive to rainfall, temperature and severe drought, and where the livelihood of a high proportion of the population depends on agriculture. The findings of this report reveal new challenges to ending hunger, food insecurity and all forms of malnutrition. There is an urgent need to accelerate and scale up actions that strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity of people and their livelihoods to climate variability and extremes. These and other findings are detailed in the 2018 edition of The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World.

A Call to Action on Food Security

A Call to Action on Food Security
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :91
  • ISBN : UOM:39015089028750
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Summary :

Food Security in the Developing World

Food Security in the Developing World
  • Author : John Michael Ashley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-30
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9780128017791
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Summary : Food Security in the Developing World provides an entry point into the complex and challenging subject of providing access to nutritious and safe food in a readable format, capturing the essence of the subject in an effective and impactful manner. Organized into nine chapters the book covers the manifestation and measurement of food insecurity; means whereby households endeavour to be food-secure; causes of food insecurity; mitigation of current food insecurity and prevention of future food insecurity. There will then follow a chapter with case studies, a chapter on cross-cutting issues and the final chapter drawing conclusions and recommendations on the way forward to increase the prevalence of food security in developing countries. A glossary and Bibliography will round off the book. Dr. Ashley’s real-world experience makes the book accessible while providing valuable insights into the broad range of factors that contribute to food insecurity in this large at-risk population, and practical means of addressing them. Presents all aspects of food security in a logical sequence Covers the manifestation and measurement of food insecurity Includes case studies and cross-cutting multidisciplinary issues