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Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes

Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes
  • Author : Lawrence J. Dunne,George Manos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-24
  • Total pages :295
  • ISBN : 9048124816
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Summary : Channels of nanotubular dimensions exist in a variety of materials (examples are carbon nanotubes and the nanotubular channels of zeolites and zeotypes) and show promise for numerous applications due to their unique properties. One of their most important properties is their capacity to adsorb molecules and these may exist in a variety of phases. "Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes" provides an excellent review of recent and current work on adsorption on nanometerials. It is an impressive collection of papers dealing with the adsorption and phase behaviour in nanoporous materials from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. "Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes" focuses on carbon nanotubes as well as zeolites and related materials.

Doping of Carbon Nanotubes

Doping of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Author : Sergey Bulyarskiy,Alexandr Saurov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-30
  • Total pages :187
  • ISBN : 9783319558837
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Summary : This book addresses the control of electronic properties of carbon nanotubes. It presents thermodynamic calculations of the formation of impurities and defects in the interaction of nanotubes with hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and boron, based on theoretical models of the formation of defects in carbon nanotubes. It is shown that doping and adsorption lead to changes in the electronic structure of the tubes as well as to the appearance of impurity states in the HOMO-LUMO gap. The book presents examples of specific calculations for doping of carbon nanotubes with oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and boron, together with numerous experimental results and a comparison with the author’s thermodynamic calculations. Possible directions of the technological processes of optimization are pointed out, as well as the perspectives of p-n-transition creation with the help of carbon nanotube arrays. The results presented were derived from the physics of the processes and a theoretical model of the technological processes. Though a wealth of empirical information on doping nanotubes has been accumulated in the scientific literature, what is lacking is a theoretical model for their analysis. As such, the book develops a thermodynamic model of the self-organization of structural elements in multicomponent systems – including carbon nanotubes, clusters and precipitates in condensed matter – and subsequently adapts it to the doping of carbon nanotubes. This approach allows readers to gain a far deeper understanding of the processes of doping carbon nanotubes.

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
  • Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-27
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128219607
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Summary : The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Water

Water
  • Author : Xiao-Feng Pang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9789814440431
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Summary : This book provides a broad and complete introductions to the molecular structure, novel and anomalous properties, nonlinear excitations, soliton motions, magnetization, and biological effects of water. These subjects are described by both experimental results and theoretical analyses. These contents are very interesting and helpful to elucidate and explain the problem of what is on earth water. This book contains the research results of the author and plenty of scientists in recent decades. Water: Molecular Structure and Properties is self-contained and unified in presentation. It may be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in Physics and Biology. It is also suitable for the researchers and engineers in Physics, Biology and water science.

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
  • Author : Arthur James Wells
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105211722678
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Summary :

Modeling and Simulation of Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions

Modeling and Simulation of Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions
  • Author : Olaf Deutschmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-18
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9783527639885
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Summary : The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007 awarded to Gerhard Ertl for his groundbreaking studies in surface chemistry highlighted the importance of heterogeneous catalysis not only for modern chemical industry but also for environmental protection. Heterogeneous catalysis is seen as one of the key technologies which could solve the challenges associated with the increasing diversification of raw materials and energy sources. It is the decisive step in most chemical industry processes, a major method of reducing pollutant emissions from mobile sources and is present in fuel cells to produce electricity. The increasing power of computers over the last decades has led to modeling and numerical simulation becoming valuable tools in heterogeneous catalysis. This book covers many aspects, from the state-of-the-art in modeling and simulations of heterogeneous catalytic reactions on a molecular level to heterogeneous catalytic reactions from an engineering perspective. This first book on the topic conveys expert knowledge from surface science to both chemists and engineers interested in heterogeneous catalysis. The well-known and international authors comprehensively present many aspects of the wide bridge between surface science and catalytic technologies, including DFT calculations, reaction dynamics on surfaces, Monte Carlo simulations, heterogeneous reaction rates, reactions in porous media, electro-catalytic reactions, technical reactors, and perspectives of chemical and automobile industry on modeling heterogeneous catalysis. The result is a one-stop reference for theoretical and physical chemists, catalysis researchers, materials scientists, chemical engineers, and chemists in industry who would like to broaden their horizon and get a substantial overview on the different aspects of modeling and simulation of heterogeneous catalytic reactions.

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene
  • Author : Kazuyoshi Tanaka,S. Iijima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-10
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9780080982687
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Summary : Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene is a timely second edition of the original Science and Technology of Carbon Nanotubes. Updated to include expanded coverage of the preparation, purification, structural characterization, and common application areas of single- and multi-walled CNT structures, this work compares, contrasts, and, where appropriate, unitizes CNT to graphene. This much expanded second edition reference supports knowledge discovery, production of impactful carbon research, encourages transition between research fields, and aids the formation of emergent applications. New chapters encompass recent developments in the theoretical treatments of electronic and vibrational structures, and magnetic, optical, and electrical solid-state properties, providing a vital base to research. Current and potential applications of both materials, including the prospect for large-scale synthesis of graphene, biological structures, and flexible electronics, are also critically discussed. Updated discussion of properties, structure, and morphology of biological and flexible electronic applications aids fundamental knowledge discovery Innovative parallel focus on nanotubes and graphene enables you to learn from the successes and failures of, respectively, mature and emergent partner research disciplines High-quality figures and tables on physical and mathematical applications expertly summarize key information – essential if you need quick, critically relevant data

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes
  • Author : Michael J. O’Connell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9781351838016
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Summary : Since their discovery more than a decade ago, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have held scientists and engineers in captive fascination, seated on the verge of enormous breakthroughs in areas such as medicine, electronics, and materials science, to name but a few. Taking a broad look at CNTs and the tools used to study them, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications comprises the efforts of leading nanotube researchers led by Michael O’Connell, protégé of the late father of nanotechnology, Richard Smalley. Each chapter is a self-contained treatise on various aspects of CNT synthesis, characterization, modification, and applications. The book opens with a general introduction to the basic characteristics and the history of CNTs, followed by discussions on synthesis methods and the growth of “peapod” structures. Coverage then moves to electronic properties and band structures of single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs), magnetic properties, Raman spectroscopy of electronic and chemical behavior, and electromechanical properties and applications in NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Turning to applications, the final sections of the book explore mechanical properties of SWNTs spun into fibers, sidewall functionalization in composites, and using SWNTs as tips for scanning probe microscopes. Taking a fresh look at this burgeoning field, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications points the way toward making CNTs commercially viable.

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Giusy Lofrano,Giovanni Libralato,Jeanette Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-02
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : 9783319531625
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Summary : In this book discussing the principles of green chemistry and green engineering an international team of investigators present significant recent developments in applying nanoscience, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology to the area of environmental remediation. The opening chapters introduce candidate nanomaterials, properties, mechanisms that enable the applications, the advantages and limitations compared to existing processes and commercial research requirements. It then explores the detection and application of nanomaterials in photocatalytic processes and as adsorbents, and also covers the effect of nanoparticles in the activated sludge process. Later chapters focus on the effects of nanoparticles on crops, the risks associated with the presence of nanoparticles in the environment, and lastly the environmental effects of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) on land remediation. This timely, multi-author contributed volume is aimed at students, technicians, and academics interested in the role, risks and benefits of nanotechnology in modern environmental contexts.

Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators

Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators
  • Author : Mark Dykman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-26
  • Total pages :415
  • ISBN : 9780199691388
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Summary : The book provides a unifying insight into a broad range of phenomena displayed by vibrational systems of current interest. The chapters complement each other to give an account of the major fundamental results and applications in quantum information, condensed matter physics, and engineering.

Carbon Nanotube Science

Carbon Nanotube Science
  • Author : Peter John Frederich Harris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-19
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9780521828956
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Summary : Provides coverage of all of the important aspects of carbon nanotube research, including synthesis, properties and potential applications.

Frontiers of Multifunctional Integrated Nanosystems

Frontiers of Multifunctional Integrated Nanosystems
  • Author : Eugenia V. Buzaneva,Peter Scharff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-07-27
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 1402021720
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Summary : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Illmenau, Germany from 12 to 16 July 2003

Water in Confining Geometries

Water in Confining Geometries
  • Author : V. Buch,J.P. Devlin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9783662052310
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Summary : Written by leading experts in the field, this book gives a wide-ranging and coherent treatment of water in confining geometries. It compiles and relates interdisciplinary work on this hot topic of research important in many areas of science and technology.

Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Analysis

Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Analysis
  • Author : Foster Dee Snell,Leslie S. Ettre,Clifford L. Hilton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1974
  • Total pages :619
  • ISBN : OCLC:320560684
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Summary :

Nanotube Superfiber Materials

Nanotube Superfiber Materials
  • Author : N. Govindaraju,R.N. Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-16
  • Total pages :848
  • ISBN : 9780128091005
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Summary : Nanostructured materials such as nanotubes exhibit properties significantly different from their bulk counterparts. The effect of the length scale on nanostructure material properties, in general, is briefly discussed. Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) are wide-bandgap (Bandgap: ∼5 eV) semiconductor materials with attractive electrical, optical, mechanical, and thermal properties. The structure of BNNTs is delineated followed by a description of their main methods of synthesis. Electrical, mechanical, optical, and thermal properties of BNNTs are discussed and contrasted with those of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs). It is shown that the properties of BNNTs rival, if not exceed CNTs in several areas. It is envisaged that with further research, BNNTs will find applications in nanoelectromechanical systems, as ultraviolet light sources, in composite materials, and for storing gases.

Transport of Fluids in Nanoporous Materials

Transport of Fluids in Nanoporous Materials
  • Author : Suresh K. Bhatia,David Nicholson,Xuechao Gao,Guozhao Ji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-25
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9783038975298
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Transport of Fluids in Nanoporous Materials" that was published in Processes

Biodefence

Biodefence
  • Author : Sergey Mikhalovsky,Abdukhakim Khajibaev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-07
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9789400702196
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Summary : This book focuses on defence against biological warfare with an emphasis on applications of modern technologies and advanced materials in detection, health protection and medical treatment of the population. Specific topics include high-throughput sensitive detection methods, advanced nanostructured materials and techniques for external and internal protection of human health, as well as extracorporeal methods, adsorptive materials and bacteriophages decontaminating the human organism, and neutralising incorporated CBRN agents. The contributions describe recent developments in the field of biodefence aimed at protecting population against terrorism and terror related events. Broader approaches to reducing the impact of environmental pollution on human health and improving efficiency of medical treatment of patients with viral infections, poisoning and organ failure are also discussed.

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology
  • Author : Bharat Bhushan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-19
  • Total pages :1222
  • ISBN : 9783540012184
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Summary : This major work has established itself as the definitive reference in the nanoscience and nanotechnology area in one volume. In presents nanostructures, micro/nanofabrication, and micro/nanodevices. Special emphasis is on scanning probe microscopy, nanotribology and nanomechanics, molecularly thick films, industrial applications and microdevice reliability, and on social aspects. Reflecting further developments, the new edition has grown from six to eight parts. The latest information is added to fields such as bionanotechnology, nanorobotics, and NEMS/MEMS reliability. This classic reference book is orchestrated by a highly experienced editor and written by a team of distinguished experts for those learning about the field of nanotechnology.

Nanophysics, Nanophotonics, Surface Studies, and Applications

Nanophysics, Nanophotonics, Surface Studies, and Applications
  • Author : Olena Fesenko,Leonid Yatsenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-10
  • Total pages :593
  • ISBN : 9783319307374
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Summary : This book presents some of the latest achievements in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features contributions from participants in the 3rd International Science and Practice Conference Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (NANO2015) held in Lviv, Ukraine on August 26-30, 2015. The International Conference was organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Tartu (Estonia), Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Ukraine), University of Turin (Italy), Pierre and Marie Curie University (France), and European Profiles A.E. (Greece). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on topics ranging from nanooptics, nanoplasmonics, and interface studies to energy storage and biomedical applications.

Aqueous Phase Adsorption

Aqueous Phase Adsorption
  • Author : Jayant K Singh,Nishith Verma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-25
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9781351272506
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Summary : This book covers theoretical aspects of adsorption, followed by an introduction to molecular simulations and other numerical techniques that have become extremely useful as an engineering tool in recent times to understand the interplay of different mechanistic steps of adsorption. Further, the book provides brief experimental methodologies to use, test, and evaluate different types of adsorbents for water pollutants. Through different chapters contributed by accomplished researchers working in the broad area of adsorption, this book provides the necessary fundamental background required for an academician, industrial scientist or engineer to initiate studies in this area. Key Features Explores fundamentals of adsorption-based separation Provides physical insight into aqueous phase adsorption Includes theory, molecular and mesoscopic level simulation techniques and experiments Describes molecular simulations and lattice-Boltzmann method based models for aqueous phase adsorption Presents state-of-art experimental works particularly addressing removal of "emerging pollutants" from aqueous phase

Understanding Molecular Simulation

Understanding Molecular Simulation
  • Author : Daan Frenkel,Berend Smit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-10-19
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 0080519989
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Summary : Understanding Molecular Simulation: From Algorithms to Applications explains the physics behind the "recipes" of molecular simulation for materials science. Computer simulators are continuously confronted with questions concerning the choice of a particular technique for a given application. A wide variety of tools exist, so the choice of technique requires a good understanding of the basic principles. More importantly, such understanding may greatly improve the efficiency of a simulation program. The implementation of simulation methods is illustrated in pseudocodes and their practical use in the case studies used in the text. Since the first edition only five years ago, the simulation world has changed significantly -- current techniques have matured and new ones have appeared. This new edition deals with these new developments; in particular, there are sections on: · Transition path sampling and diffusive barrier crossing to simulaterare events · Dissipative particle dynamic as a course-grained simulation technique · Novel schemes to compute the long-ranged forces · Hamiltonian and non-Hamiltonian dynamics in the context constant-temperature and constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulations · Multiple-time step algorithms as an alternative for constraints · Defects in solids · The pruned-enriched Rosenbluth sampling, recoil-growth, and concerted rotations for complex molecules · Parallel tempering for glassy Hamiltonians Examples are included that highlight current applications and the codes of case studies are available on the World Wide Web. Several new examples have been added since the first edition to illustrate recent applications. Questions are included in this new edition. No prior knowledge of computer simulation is assumed.