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Advanced Characterization and Testing of Textiles

Advanced Characterization and Testing of Textiles
  • Author : Patricia I. Dolez,Olivier Vermeersch,Valério Izquierdo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-19
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780081004548
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Summary : Advanced Characterization and Testing of Textiles explores developments in physical and chemical testing and specific high-performance tests relating to textiles. The book introduces the principles of advanced characterization and testing, including the importance of performance-based specifications in the textiles industry. Chapters are organized by textile properties, providing in-depth coverage of each characteristic. Tests for specific applications are addressed, with the main focus on high-performance and technical textiles. Focuses on advanced testing methods for technical and high-performance textiles, covering state-of-the-art technology in its field Details specific textile properties and associated testing for each characteristic

Advanced Textile Testing Techniques

Advanced Textile Testing Techniques
  • Author : Sheraz Ahmad,Abher Rasheed,Ali Afzal,Faheem Ahmad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-01
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9781498784719
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Summary : Textile testing is an important field of textile sciences involving experimental evaluation of conventional as well as technical textile products. This book aims to provide technical details, required protocols and procedures for conducting any specific evaluation test along with key parameters. The book covers the topics in two main sections, first one for the conventional textile testing techniques starting from fiber to final product while the second one focusses on testing of technical textiles. Written with a reader friendly approach, it will cater to graduate students in textile engineering as well as industry personnel, focusing on following key points: Addresses all techniques for testing both conventional and technical textiles. Describes testing techniques compliance with the latest requirements of the updated EN ISO and AATCC standards. Provides detailed description on the testing of technical textiles and their products. Discusses the operations conditions, like atmospheric conditions, and human error with cause and effect diagrams. Covers both destructive and non-destructive testing.

Performance Testing of Textiles

Performance Testing of Textiles
  • Author : Lijing Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-17
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9780081005781
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Summary : Performance Testing of Textiles: Methods, Technology and Applications examines the developed and established methodology for testing performance textiles, also summarizing the material properties for advanced applications. This book emphasizes reproducible tests using commonly used experimental methods reported in scientific literature and internationally recognized testing standards to quantify textile material properties and performance. After an introductory explanation of key fiber and textile properties and testing methods, the book summarizes electronic testing theories, technologies, and instrumentation for performance textiles. Also covered are aspects of military textile, medical textile, sportswear, smart composites, and wearable textiles which, as examples, present the latest research and results related to performance textile testing and applications. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced performance testing techniques for the fiber and textile industries Explores key fiber and textile properties Summarizes electronic testing theories, technologies, and instrumentation for performance textiles Includes contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers

Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers
  • Author : Michael Jaffe,Joseph D. Menczel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-22
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780081005811
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Summary : Thermal Analysis of Textiles and Fibers offers systematic and comprehensive coverage of the subject, from the principles of fiber structure and established TA methods, to advanced TA techniques and their application to high-performance fibers and textiles. Thermal analysis is a convenient method for assessing fiber and fabric performance as monitored under end-use relevant conditions. Expertise in this field requires knowledge of both TA methods and of fiber behavior, information that is brought together in this new volume. In recent years, thermal analysis has been applied to a variety of novel and high-performance fibers, such as Kevlar, Vectran, PBI, polyolefins, polypropylene, PAN and PVA, amongst others. TA techniques are also used in fiber identification, characterization and stability testing and may be combined with spectroscopic techniques to yield still more information about fiber properties. Includes chapters on novel and high-performance fibers that are used in assembling technical textiles Covers advanced TA methods, such as combined and modulated techniques Brings together focused information on TA for fibers and textiles that is not otherwise available in a single volume

Advanced Textile Materials

Advanced Textile Materials
  • Author : Xiao Ming Qian,Hua Wu Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-02
  • Total pages :2288
  • ISBN : 9783038136453
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS) This book, comprising internationally peer-reviewed papers, covers the subject areas of natural fibers, chemical fibers, fiber manufacturing technology, principles of textile design, structure, properties and processing of textile materials, measurement technology and instrumentation, non-woven materials, structure, properties and processing of non-woven materials, coloration technology, finishing technology, pollution control and treatment of dyeing and finishing, materials and their applications, materials processing technologies and other related topics. The volume will be of interest to anyone working in these fields.

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials
  • Author : Yuan Hu,Xin Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-22
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9781351586153
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Summary : Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the field, from basic properties and mechanisms of action for flame retardants to emerging methods, materials, and industrial applications. With over 120 black and white images, Hu and Wang cover the latest in the development of novel polymer nanocomposites such as graphene, CNTs, LDHs, POSS, and techniques such as layer-by-layer assembly. These expert authors also include discussions on the important flame-retardant systems based on phosphorus, silicon, and boron. In doing so, they highlight the use of flame-retardants in varying industries, for example, construction, textiles, and aviation. This comprehensive handbook is an essential read for students and academics of physics with a particular interest in flame-retardant materials. It would also be recommended for professionals within the materials science and engineering fields.

Sports Materials

Sports Materials
  • Author : Thomas Allen,Leon Foster,Martin Strangwood,JamesWebster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-24
  • Total pages :166
  • ISBN : 9783039281626
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Summary : Advances in materials are crucial to the development of sports equipment, from tennis rackets to skis to running shoes. Materials-driven improvements in equipment have helped athletes perform better, while enhancing safety and making sport more accessible and enjoyable. This book brings together a collection of 10 papers on the topic of sports materials, as published in a Special Issue of Applied Sciences. The papers within this book cover a range of sports, including golf, tennis, table tennis and baseball. State-of-the-art engineering techniques, such as finite element modelling, impact testing and full-field strain measurement, are applied to help further our understanding of sports equipment mechanics and the role of materials, with a view to improving performance, enhancing safety and facilitating informed regulatory decision making. The book also includes papers that describe emerging and novel materials, including auxetic materials with their negative Poisson’s ratio (fattening when stretched) and knits made of bamboo charcoal. This collection of papers should serve as a useful resource for sports engineers working in both academia and industry, as well as engineering students who are interested in sports equipment and materials.

Advanced Textile Testing Techniques

Advanced Textile Testing Techniques
  • Author : Sheraz Ahmad,Abher Rasheed,Ali Afzal,Faheem Ahmad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-01
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9781351651684
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Summary : Textile testing is an important field of textile sciences involving experimental evaluation of conventional as well as technical textile products. This book aims to provide technical details, required protocols and procedures for conducting any specific evaluation test along with key parameters. The book covers the topics in two main sections, first one for the conventional textile testing techniques starting from fiber to final product while the second one focusses on testing of technical textiles. Written with a reader friendly approach, it will cater to graduate students in textile engineering as well as industry personnel, focusing on following key points: Addresses all techniques for testing both conventional and technical textiles. Describes testing techniques compliance with the latest requirements of the updated EN ISO and AATCC standards. Provides detailed description on the testing of technical textiles and their products. Discusses the operations conditions, like atmospheric conditions, and human error with cause and effect diagrams. Covers both destructive and non-destructive testing.

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles
  • Author : Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-11
  • Total pages :678
  • ISBN : 9780128226766
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Summary : Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles explores the latest research in the use of textile materials for protective clothing. The book’s international roster of researchers in industry and academia describe innovative applications in defense, medical, sports, fire protection, radiation protection, and more. This book is an invaluable resource for readers seeking to produce textiles with self-cleaning, antimicrobial, super-hydrophobic, UV-protective, insect repellant, flame retardant or anti-felting properties. Particular attention is given to textile fibers, including cotton, wool, viscose, and other synthetic fibers whose properties solve many problems. Sustainable approaches to the processing of textiles for protective properties are also addressed, as are hazards. Introduces the advanced testing and modeling methods that are necessary for the production of protective textiles Describes the properties of the latest advanced chemicals and materials used to make protective textiles and clothing Covers every step in the development of protective clothing, from the engineering of novel materials, to advanced fabrication methodologies and applications

Material Characterization Tests for Objects of Art and Archaeology

Material Characterization Tests for Objects of Art and Archaeology
  • Author : Nancy Odegaard,Scott Carroll,Werner S. Zimmt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 1904982093
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Summary : Includes modifications to several of the procedures described - tests for metals, inorganic compounds, organic and synthetic materials as well as several tests that help to characterize materials. This book evaluates the effectiveness of each test in order to assist the reader in selecting the applicable test and interpreting the results.

Medical Textile Materials

Medical Textile Materials
  • Author : Yimin Qin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-21
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9780081006245
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Summary : Medical Textile Materials provides the latest information on technical textiles and how they have found a wide range of medical applications, from wound dressings and sutures, to implants and tissue scaffolds. This book offers a systematic review of the manufacture, properties, and applications of these technical textiles. After a brief introduction to the human body, the book gives an overview of medical textile products and the processes used to manufacture them. Subsequent chapters cover superabsorbent textiles, functional wound dressings, bandages, sutures, implants, and other important medical textile technologies. Biocompatibility testing and regulatory control are then addressed, and the book finishes with a review of research and development strategy for medical textile products. Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the manufacture, properties, and applications of medical textile materials Covers recent developments in medical textiles, including antimicrobial dressings, drug-releasing materials, and superabsorbent textiles Written by a highly knowledgeable author with extensive experience in industry and academia

Cut Protective Textiles

Cut Protective Textiles
  • Author : Daniel (Xuedong) Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-23
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9780128203910
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Summary : Cut Protective Textiles is a comprehensive guide to the background theory, industrial testing methods, regulations, applications and material characteristics important to those working with cut protective textiles. This book will help readers understand the pitfalls of assessing cut performance and how to translate that understanding into innovative concepts for their research or product development. Detailed coverage of the properties of cut resistant textiles includes information on fibers, yarns and fabrics, providing a valuable resource for a wide range of researchers and practitioners. The book's comparisons will help clear up confusion caused by different testing methods. Finally, the inclusion of methodologies for the creation of cut protective articles will help readers make full use of this book in a practical setting. Explains global testing standards in detail, also comparing their various strengths and weaknesses Provides cut resistance performance information for different materials Introduces the characteristics of the appropriate materials with supporting theory Draws on industry best practice to create a detailed guide to making cut resistant products

Issues in the Analysis and Testing of Textile Composites with Large Representative Volume Elements

Issues in the Analysis and Testing of Textile Composites with Large Representative Volume Elements
  • Author : Gerd Weissenbach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-12
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 1581122454
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Summary : The high degree of heterogeneity of textile composites was found to be the primary problem in analysis and testing. A concept was developed based on a description of the local variation of the material stiffness matrix using a spline interpolation. The role of this stiffness function is to facilitate the calculation of the material stiffness matrix at any given position or for arbitrary domains in the form of finite elements.Based on this approach, two different methods were developed. In the first method the average material stiffness matrix is calculated for a finite element and subsequently the elemental stiffness matrix of this element is assembled. In the second approach the elemental stiffness matrix is calculated directly using the local material stiffness at the integration points of the finite element. This concept was then applied to the plate twist test. The numerical analysis of this test was done in order to determine the influence of heterogeneity on the test results. It was shown that this test measures the in-plane shear modulus largely independent of the representative volume element (RVE) size. Both finite element approaches were then applied to the V-notched beam shear test, to investigate the applicability of this test to the measurement of the shear properties. The test set-up as well as numerical parameters of the finite element analysis of the test were studied. It was possible to derive limits for the applicability of the V-notched beam shear test in terms of RVE size, as well as set up guidelines for the finite element analysis of textile composites. With electronic speckle pattern interferometry, which enables full-field displacement and strain measurements, tensile tests were carried out on 3D-woven textile composite specimens. With the agreement of the experimental results and the theoretical predictions the validity of the developed approach was again shown.

Wireless Power Transmission for Sustainable Electronics

Wireless Power Transmission for Sustainable Electronics
  • Author : Nuno Borges Carvalho,Apostolos Georgiadis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-04
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781119578543
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Summary : Provides a collection of works produced by COST Action IC1301 with the goal of achieving significant advances in the field of wireless power transmission This book constitutes together information from COST Action IC1301, a group of academic and industry experts seeking to align research efforts in the field of wireless power transmission (WPT). It begins with a discussion of backscatter as a solution for Internet of Things (IoT) devices and goes on to describe ambient backscattering sensors that use FM broadcasting for low cost and low power wireless applications. The book also explores localization of passive RFID tags and augmented tags using nonlinearities of RFID chips. It concludes with a review of methods of electromagnetic characterization of textile materials for the development of wearable antennas. Wireless Power Transmission for Sustainable Electronics: COST WiPE - IC1301 covers textile-supported wireless energy transfer, and reviews methods for the electromagnetic characterization of textile materials for the development of wearable antennas. It also looks at: backscatter RFID sensor systems for remote health monitoring; simultaneous localization (of robots and objects) and mapping (SLAM); autonomous system of wireless power distribution for static and moving nodes of wireless sensor networks; and more. Presents techniques for smart beam-forming for "on demand" wireless power transmission (WPT) Discusses RF and microwave energy harvesting for space applications Describes miniaturized RFID transponders for object identification and sensing Wireless Power Transmission for Sustainable Electronics: COST WiPE - IC1301 is an excellent book for both graduate students and industry engineers involved in wireless communications and power transfer, and sustainable materials for those fields.

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  • Author : A. R. Bunsell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-19
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781845696801
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Summary : Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics

Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics
  • Author : Jinlian Hu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-11
  • Total pages :307
  • ISBN : 0849328268
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Summary : Fabric mechanics are fundamental to the way textiles are designed, tested and manufactured and underpin the way woven fabrics are used in the modern world. With fully comprehensive coverage of all aspects of fabric anisotropy, stress-strain relationships and fabric drape modelling and testing, structure and mechanics of woven fabrics, discusses and exemplifies all major aspects of fabric mechanics and their relevance to every stage of the contemporary textile industry. ?? After a general introduction illustrating the role and study of woven fabric mechanics, the first group of chapters examines the structural, tensile, bending and shear properties of woven fabrics. Sections cover the general behaviour of these properties, how they are modelled and their anisotropy. Drape deformation modelling is covered extensively, one chapter detailing theory and a second, computation and simulation. The properties of fabrics with seams and fabric complex deformation analysis and simulation are also detailed. ?? Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics is an essential reference for all textile academics, students, researchers, technicians, engineers and technologists, covering all areas of textile material applications, from composites and geotextiles, to medical textiles and biotextiles.

Characterization of Food

Characterization of Food
  • Author : Anilkumar G. Gaonkar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-09-27
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0080528945
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Summary : Rapid and continued developments in electronics, optics, computing, instrumentation, spectroscopy, and other branches of science and technology resulted in considerable improvements in various methodologies. Due to this revolution in methodology, it is now possible to solve problems which were previously considered difficult to solve. These new methods have led to a better characterization and understanding of foods. The aim of this book is to assemble, for handy reference, various emerging, state-of-the-art methodologies used for characterizing foods. Although the emphasis is on real foods, model food systems are also considered. Methods pertaining to interfaces (food emulsions, foams, and dispersions), fluorescence, ultrasonics, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, Fourier-transform infrared and near infrared spectroscopy, small-angle neutron scattering, dielectrics, microscopy, rheology, sensors, antibodies, flavor and aroma analysis are included. This book is an indispensable reference source for scientists, engineers, and technologists in industries, universities, and government laboratories who are involved in food research and/or development, and also for faculty, advanced undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students from Food Science, Food Engineering, and Biochemistry departments. In addition, it will serve as a valuable reference for analytical chemists and surface and colloid scientists.

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies
  • Author : Peter Schwartz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-07
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781845695231
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Summary : Textile structure and mechanics are fundamental to the way textiles are designed, manufactured, tested and used. Structure and mechanics of textile fibre assemblies discusses aspects of fabric structure and mechanical properties such as tensile, bending and shear properties for a range of fabrics. After a general introduction illustrating the role of fabric structure and mechanics, subsequent chapters discuss the structural, tensile, bending and shear properties of woven, knitted and nonwoven fabrics. Other chapters review the structure and mechanics of yarns, coated fabrics, 2D and 3D textile composites. Testing methods for the measurement of fabric mechanical properties and structure parameters are also explored. With its renowned editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, Structure and mechanics of textile fibre assemblies is an important reference for textile scientists, technologists, engineers and those designing and manufacturing textiles. It will also be suitable for those within the academic sector. Examines aspects of fabric structure and mechanical properties for a range of fabrics Discusses structure and mechanics of yarn and woven, nonwoven and knitted fabrics Explores testing methods enabling the measurement of fabric mechanical properties and structural parameters

Advanced Research on Electronic Commerce, Web Application, and Communication

Advanced Research on Electronic Commerce, Web Application, and Communication
  • Author : Gang Shen,Xiong Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-31
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9783642203664
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Summary : The two-volume set CCIS 143 and CCIS 144 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Electronic Commerce, Web Application, and Communication, ECWAC 2011, held in Guangzhou, China, in April 2011. The 148 revised full papers presented in both volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from a large number of submissions. Providing a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers in electronic commerce, Web application, and communication fields, the conference will put special focus also on aspects such as e-business, e-learning, and e-security, intelligent information applications, database and system security, image and video signal processing, pattern recognition, information science, industrial automation, process control, user/machine systems, security, integrity, and protection, as well as mobile and multimedia communications.

Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials

Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials
  • Author : Leif A. Carlsson,Donald F. Adams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-10-29
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781420032024
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Summary : Over much of the last three decades, the evolution of techniques for characterizing composite materials has struggled to keep up with the advances of composite materials themselves and their broadening areas of application. In recent years, however, much work has been done to consolidate test methods and better understand those being used. Finally,

Green and Sustainable Advanced Materials

Green and Sustainable Advanced Materials
  • Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-02
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9781119407096
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Summary : Sustainable development is a very prevalent concept of modern society. This concept has appeared as a critical force in combining a special focus on development and growth by maintaining a balance of using human resources and the ecosystem in which we are living. The development of new and advanced materials is one of the powerful examples in establishing this concept. Green and sustainable advanced materials are the newly synthesized material or existing modified material having superior and special properties. These fulfil today’s growing demand for equipment, machines and devices with better quality for an extensive range of applications in various sectors such as paper, biomedical, textile, and much more. Volume 1 gives overviews on a variety of topics of characterization of green and sustainable advanced materials including biopolymers, biocomposites, nanomaterials, polymeric materials, green functional textiles materials and hybrid materials, as well as processing chapters on the design and process aspects of nanofabrication.