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Advancements and Technologies in Pig and Poultry Bacterial Disease Control

Advancements and Technologies in Pig and Poultry Bacterial Disease Control
  • Author : Neil Foster,Ilias Kyriazakis,Paul Barrow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-08-15
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 0128180307
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Summary : Pigs and poultry are the most important source of meat in the developed and developing world. Advancements and Technologies in Pig and Poultry Bacterial Disease Control provides the most up-to-date knowledge on the tools and technology used in the economics, prevention, monitoring, and control of the most important bacterial diseases in these two important livestock species. Written by international experts in veterinary medicine, veterinary science, agricultural economics, and environmental monitoring, this book provides state-of-the-art information regarding the application of technology to the prevention and control of bacterial disease in pigs and poultry. It provides the most up-to-date information on the major bacterial pathogens, why they are important, their epidemiology, pathogenesis and molecular basis of their virulence. It examines how genomic sequencing addresses the development of disease biomarkers for faster and highly specific diagnosis. Next generation sequencing can identify good and bad microflora, and the book explores how this knowledge can be used to develop protective prophylactic microflora. It also covers high-precision monitoring and the use of smart pens for logging on-farm data. Advancements and Technologies in Pig and Poultry Bacterial Disease Control is a valuable resource for veterinarians, epidemiologists, animal scientists and technologists, and researchers studying precision livestock farming. Students in veterinary and animal science, and bio-science courses will also find this useful for its coverage of diseases and monitoring tools. Highlights crossover technologies from human to veterinary medicine, including the use of bioinformatics and genomics for disease prevention Uses results from the EU FP7-funded Prohealth project, the largest of its type ever awarded by the EU Examines how genomic analysis via next generation sequencing and microarray platforms can be exploited to develop novel biomarkers of bacterial disease in animals Reports on novel environmental monitoring tools and their use in determining disease threshold levels within herds and flocks

Microbiology and Infection Control for Health Professionals

Microbiology and Infection Control for Health Professionals
  • Author : Gary Lee,Penny Bishop
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-07
  • Total pages :622
  • ISBN : 9781442550377
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Summary : The fifth edition retains all the strengths that have made Microbiology and Infection Control for Health Professionals a best-selling title: A sound scientific orientation Continual application to the clinical setting Coverage of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases Current statistical information of disease patterns Up-to-date terminology An emphasis on Australian and New Zealand data and clinical settings A central theme of highlighting the relevance of microbiology to patient care Full colour photographs and illustrations throughout

The Microbiome in Health and Disease

The Microbiome in Health and Disease
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-29
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780128200018
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Summary : The Microbiome in Health and Disease, Volume 171 in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series, provides the most topical, informative and exciting monographs available on a wide variety of research topics. The series includes in-depth knowledge on the molecular biological aspects of organismal physiology, with this release including chapters on Microbiome in health and disease, CNS development and microbiome in infants, A gut feeling in ALS, Microbiome (Virome) and virus infection, Bugs and Drugs: microbiome in medicine metabolism, Immunity, T cells, and microbiome, Salmonella (Bacterial) infection and cancer: of mice and men, and many other highly researched topics. Provides a novel theme and multiple disciplinary topics of microbiome research in basic and translational studies Presents an updated collection on bacteria, virus, fungi and their interactions in microbiome Includes a timely discussion on the tools and methods used for modeling and analysis of microbiome data

Emerging foodborne pathogens

Emerging foodborne pathogens
  • Author : Yasmine Motarjemi,Martin Adams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-09
  • Total pages :634
  • ISBN : 0849334292
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Summary : Developments such as the increasing globalization of the food industry, constant innovations in technologies and products, and changes in the susceptibility of populations to disease have all highlighted the problem of emerging pathogens, either newly discovered through more sensitive analytical methods, linked for the first time to disease in humans, or newly associated with a particular food. Designed for microbiologists and quality assurance professionals and for government and academic food safety scientists, this timely reference discusses ways of identifying emerging pathogens and includes chapters on individual pathogens, their epidemiology, methods of detection, and means of control.

Agricultural Research Centres

Agricultural Research Centres
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89049485907
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Summary :

Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases

Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-24
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780309137348
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Summary : H1N1 ("swine flu"), SARS, mad cow disease, and HIV/AIDS are a few examples of zoonotic diseases-diseases transmitted between humans and animals. Zoonotic diseases are a growing concern given multiple factors: their often novel and unpredictable nature, their ability to emerge anywhere and spread rapidly around the globe, and their major economic toll on several disparate industries. Infectious disease surveillance systems are used to detect this threat to human and animal health. By systematically collecting data on the occurrence of infectious diseases in humans and animals, investigators can track the spread of disease and provide an early warning to human and animal health officials, nationally and internationally, for follow-up and response. Unfortunately, and for many reasons, current disease surveillance has been ineffective or untimely in alerting officials to emerging zoonotic diseases. Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases assesses some of the disease surveillance systems around the world, and recommends ways to improve early detection and response. The book presents solutions for improved coordination between human and animal health sectors, and among governments and international organizations. Parties seeking to improve the detection and response to zoonotic diseases--including U.S. government and international health policy makers, researchers, epidemiologists, human health clinicians, and veterinarians--can use this book to help curtail the threat zoonotic diseases pose to economies, societies, and health.

Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on a Study of Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Africa and South Asia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-21
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9780309124942
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Summary : Increased agricultural productivity is a major stepping stone on the path out of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, but farmers there face tremendous challenges improving production. Poor soil, inefficient water use, and a lack of access to plant breeding resources, nutritious animal feed, high quality seed, and fuel and electricity-combined with some of the most extreme environmental conditions on Earth-have made yields in crop and animal production far lower in these regions than world averages. Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia identifies sixty emerging technologies with the potential to significantly improve agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Eighteen technologies are recommended for immediate development or further exploration. Scientists from all backgrounds have an opportunity to become involved in bringing these and other technologies to fruition. The opportunities suggested in this book offer new approaches that can synergize with each other and with many other activities to transform agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Microbial Evolution and Co-Adaptation

Microbial Evolution and Co-Adaptation
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-10
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780309131216
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Summary : Dr. Joshua Lederberg - scientist, Nobel laureate, visionary thinker, and friend of the Forum on Microbial Threats - died on February 2, 2008. It was in his honor that the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop on May 20-21, 2008, to examine Dr. Lederberg's scientific and policy contributions to the marketplace of ideas in the life sciences, medicine, and public policy. The resulting workshop summary, Microbial Evolution and Co-Adaptation, demonstrates the extent to which conceptual and technological developments have, within a few short years, advanced our collective understanding of the microbiome, microbial genetics, microbial communities, and microbe-host-environment interactions.

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals
  • Author : National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Panel on Animal Health, Food Safety, and Public Health,Committee on Drug Use in Food Animals
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-12
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9780309054348
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Summary : The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industries--poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease. The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries. Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health. The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management. November

Agrindex

Agrindex
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924063048379
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Summary :

The Threat of Pandemic Influenza

The Threat of Pandemic Influenza
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-09
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780309095044
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Summary : Public health officials and organizations around the world remain on high alert because of increasing concerns about the prospect of an influenza pandemic, which many experts believe to be inevitable. Moreover, recent problems with the availability and strain-specificity of vaccine for annual flu epidemics in some countries and the rise of pandemic strains of avian flu in disparate geographic regions have alarmed experts about the world's ability to prevent or contain a human pandemic. The workshop summary, The Threat of Pandemic Influenza: Are We Ready? addresses these urgent concerns. The report describes what steps the United States and other countries have taken thus far to prepare for the next outbreak of "killer flu." It also looks at gaps in readiness, including hospitals' inability to absorb a surge of patients and many nations' incapacity to monitor and detect flu outbreaks. The report points to the need for international agreements to share flu vaccine and antiviral stockpiles to ensure that the 88 percent of nations that cannot manufacture or stockpile these products have access to them. It chronicles the toll of the H5N1 strain of avian flu currently circulating among poultry in many parts of Asia, which now accounts for the culling of millions of birds and the death of at least 50 persons. And it compares the costs of preparations with the costs of illness and death that could arise during an outbreak.

Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030

Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Science Breakthroughs 2030: A Strategy for Food and Agricultural Research
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-21
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9780309473927
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Summary : For nearly a century, scientific advances have fueled progress in U.S. agriculture to enable American producers to deliver safe and abundant food domestically and provide a trade surplus in bulk and high-value agricultural commodities and foods. Today, the U.S. food and agricultural enterprise faces formidable challenges that will test its long-term sustainability, competitiveness, and resilience. On its current path, future productivity in the U.S. agricultural system is likely to come with trade-offs. The success of agriculture is tied to natural systems, and these systems are showing signs of stress, even more so with the change in climate. More than a third of the food produced is unconsumed, an unacceptable loss of food and nutrients at a time of heightened global food demand. Increased food animal production to meet greater demand will generate more greenhouse gas emissions and excess animal waste. The U.S. food supply is generally secure, but is not immune to the costly and deadly shocks of continuing outbreaks of food-borne illness or to the constant threat of pests and pathogens to crops, livestock, and poultry. U.S. farmers and producers are at the front lines and will need more tools to manage the pressures they face. Science Breakthroughs to Advance Food and Agricultural Research by 2030 identifies innovative, emerging scientific advances for making the U.S. food and agricultural system more efficient, resilient, and sustainable. This report explores the availability of relatively new scientific developments across all disciplines that could accelerate progress toward these goals. It identifies the most promising scientific breakthroughs that could have the greatest positive impact on food and agriculture, and that are possible to achieve in the next decade (by 2030).

Immune Building Systems Technology

Immune Building Systems Technology
  • Author : Wladyslaw Jan Kowalski,Wladyslaw Kowalski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 0071402462
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Summary : Your complete one-stop guide to building ventilation and air treatment systems design!! Immune Building Control Systems takes a comprehensive approach to the protection of buildings against biological pathogens. Immune Building Control Systems is a how-to-guide, an all-in-one reference for designing, retrofitting, and building state-of-the art ventilation and air treatment systems that can be integrated and controlled by a detection system. This guide is the first all in one guide to tackle this new and growing threat. The book includes all essential background information on chemical/biological pathogens and on the mechanical systems used to control indoor air quality and protect those that inhabit them. Packed with schematics, diagrams and equations this Immune Building Controls Systems provides the engineer with all the essential tools for the design or the retrofit of systems for treating or purging indoor air of biological pathogens. Specific systems for use in homes, schools, hospitals, and laboratories are described in sufficient detail. The accompanying CD contains a modeling program that will allow the user to test designs before they get off the drawing board as well as assist HAVC Engineers take a look that their systems and retrofit their systems to meet the new threat of biological pathogens.

Report of the Department of Agriculture for the Year Ended 30 June

Report of the Department of Agriculture for the Year Ended 30 June
  • Author : New South Wales. Dept. of Agriculture
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924065056867
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Summary :

Recent Advances in Animal Virology

Recent Advances in Animal Virology
  • Author : Yashpal Singh Malik,Raj Kumar Singh,Mahendra Pal Yadav
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-14
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 9789811390739
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Summary : This book discusses the prominence and implication of the viral diseases that are a major threat to animals around the globe. A number of these diseases have also shown links with human populations, which has implications for public health. This book offers detailed and up-to-date information on viral diseases in livestock and poultry that were and/or are still a problem. Including cutting-edge developments, it also highlights several landmark contributions in the field of virology from India. Additionally, the book features tables and figures showing important clinical data and recommendations, with references for further information. It also explores the economic impact of viral diseases for farmers and the livestock industry, providing several examples. Further, it presents the latest information on viral diseases in global context, with a focus on state-of-art, molecular tools for the development of diagnostics, prophylactics and therapeutics. Lastly, the book also describes the challenges posed by the emerging and transboundary viral infections and our preparedness to counter them.

Emerging and Reemerging Viral Pathogens

Emerging and Reemerging Viral Pathogens
  • Author : Moulay Mustapha Ennaji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-27
  • Total pages :1168
  • ISBN : 9780128194010
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Summary : Emerging and Reemerging Viral Pathogens: Fundamental and Basic Virology Aspects of Human, Animal and Plant Pathogens, Volume One presents new research information on viruses and their impact on the scientific community. It provides a reference book on certain viruses in humans, animals and vegetal, along with a comprehensive discussion on interspecies interactions. The book then looks at the drug, vaccine and bioinformatical strategies that can be used against these viruses, giving the reader a clear understanding of transmission. The book's end goal is to create awareness that the appearance of newly transmissible pathogens is a global risk that requires shared/adoptable policies for prevention and control. Covers most emerging viral disease in humans, animals and plants Provides the most advanced tools and techniques in molecular virology and the modeling of viruses Creates awareness that the appearance of new transmissible pathogens is a global risk Highlights the need to adopt shared policies for the prevention and control of infectious diseases

Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability

Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Sciences,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Policy and Global Affairs,Science and Technology for Sustainability Program,Committee on Considerations for the Future of Animal Science Research
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-31
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780309316477
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Summary : By 2050 the world's population is projected to grow by one-third, reaching between 9 and 10 billion. With globalization and expected growth in global affluence, a substantial increase in per capita meat, dairy, and fish consumption is also anticipated. The demand for calories from animal products will nearly double, highlighting the critical importance of the world's animal agriculture system. Meeting the nutritional needs of this population and its demand for animal products will require a significant investment of resources as well as policy changes that are supportive of agricultural production. Ensuring sustainable agricultural growth will be essential to addressing this global challenge to food security. Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability identifies areas of research and development, technology, and resource needs for research in the field of animal agriculture, both nationally and internationally. This report assesses the global demand for products of animal origin in 2050 within the framework of ensuring global food security; evaluates how climate change and natural resource constraints may impact the ability to meet future global demand for animal products in sustainable production systems; and identifies factors that may impact the ability of the United States to meet demand for animal products, including the need for trained human capital, product safety and quality, and effective communication and adoption of new knowledge, information, and technologies. The agricultural sector worldwide faces numerous daunting challenges that will require innovations, new technologies, and new ways of approaching agriculture if the food, feed, and fiber needs of the global population are to be met. The recommendations of Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability will inform a new roadmap for animal science research to meet the challenges of sustainable animal production in the 21st century.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105119624778
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Summary :

World Livestock 2013

World Livestock 2013
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-22
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 9789251079270
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Summary : The World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes looks at the evidence of changing disease dynamics involving livestock and explores three key areas: the Pressure, including drivers and risk factors that contribute to disease emergence, spread and persistence; the State, describing the disease dynamics that result from the Pressure and their subsequent impact; and the Response, required both to adapt and improve the State and to mitigate the Pressure. The report argues that a comprehensive approach for the promotion of global health is needed to face the complexities of the changing disease landscapes, giving greater emphasis on agro-ecological resilience, protection of biodiversity and efficient use of natural resources to ensure safer food supply chains, particularly in areas worst afflicted by poverty and animal diseases. Speeding up response times by early detection and reaction – including improved policies that address disease drivers – is key. Forging a safer, healthier world requires engagement in the One Health approach, which involves all relevant actors and disciplines spanning animal, human and environmental health sectors.

California Farmer

California Farmer
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106016828110
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Summary :

Literature Review of Contaminants in Livestock and Poultry Manure and Implications for Water Quality

Literature Review of Contaminants in Livestock and Poultry Manure and Implications for Water Quality
  • Author : U.s. Environmental Protection Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-23
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 1507685130
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Summary : This “Literature Review of Contaminants in Livestock and Poultry Manure and Implications for Water Quality” was prepared as part of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) ongoing efforts to better understand the environmental occurrence and potential effects related to contaminants of emerging concern. The report makes no policy or regulatory recommendations; it does identify information gaps that may help define research needs for USEPA and its federal, state and local partners to better understand these issues. Over the past 60 years the structure of American agriculture has significantly changed. Across all agricultural sectors, farm operations have expanded – farms have gotten larger and fewer in number. The shift from the “family farm” is perhaps most pronounced in the production of livestock and poultry. Food animal production has evolved from largely grazing animals and on-farm feed production to fewer and larger operations and increasingly more to concentrated facilities, often with animals raised in confinement. This has been done, in part, to meet the demands for meat and animal products from a growing human population in the U.S. and abroad. The increase in concentration of livestock and poultry also leads to increased concentration of animal manure that must be managed. Historically, manure was used as fertilizer on the farm to provide nutrients for plant growth on the cropland, pasture or rangeland that, in turn, partly provided the feed for the animals raised on the farm. Manure can also improve soil quality, when managed appropriately as a fertilizer, where the producer considers the right rate, timing, source, and method of application (NRC 1993). However, while livestock manure can be a resource, it can also degrade environmental quality, particularly surface and ground water if not managed appropriately. The geographic concentration of livestock and poultry can lead to concentrations of manure that may exceed the needs of the plants and the farmland where it was produced. Recognizing the potential for human and ecological health effects associated with the other contaminants in manure, this report focuses on the growing scientific information related to contaminants of emerging concern – particularly pathogens, antimicrobials, and hormones in manure – and reviews the potential and documented human health and ecological effects associated with these manure contaminants. Many other groups and initiatives are focusing on nutrient water quality issues, including the relative contributions of animal manure. This report briefly discusses the magnitude of manure generation (which is often highly localized) for perspective on the relationship to these emerging contaminants and their prevalence in the environment, for major livestock types – beef and dairy cattle, swine, poultry and aquaculture. This report is focused on manure and does not address other waste management issues related to livestock and poultry operations (e.g., disposal of dead animals, spoiled feed). The purpose of this report is to summarize publicly available literature for those involved with watershed protection and management and the linked efforts for source water protection and planning for drinking water systems. As noted in the report, there are very different levels of information available on many of these topics associated with manure. Hence, the report can also help to identify information gaps and guide research needs for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and other partners to better understand these issues.