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Advances in Aerogel Composites for Environmental Remediation

Advances in Aerogel Composites for Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan,Mohammad Omaish Ansari,Anish Khan,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-01
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780128208984
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Summary : Advances in Aerogel Composites for Environmental Remediation presents both contextual information about aerogels, from common to advanced aerogels, natural to synthetic, along with details about its application in environmental remediation. The book addresses common day-to-day environmental problems and solutions using natural and synthetic aerogel materials. It discusses fabrication of various aerogel composites and their design and applications towards different environmental remediation technologies and compares the properties and advantages of aerogels in contrast to traditional materials. Given the consistent increase in environmental pollution, the need to explore new materials and advances in remediation technology is becoming more urgent. This valuable resource bring researchers and practitioners in environmental remediation and environmental science and engineering to the forefront of remediation technologies with a thorough understanding of the benefits of and techniques used in relation to aerogel composites. Covers the basic properties of different forms of aerogels, as well as their special properties and fabrication techniques, from basic silica aerogels to present day conventional aerogels Discusses most of the major environmental remediation techniques and the advantage of aerogels for these remediation techniques in comparison to traditional methods Presents future prospects for utilizing aerogels in modern day life and fabrication of tangible products

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-19
  • Total pages :756
  • ISBN : 9780128110348
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Summary : New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Aerogels Handbook

Aerogels Handbook
  • Author : Michel Andre Aegerter,Nicholas Leventis,Matthias M. Koebel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-10
  • Total pages :932
  • ISBN : 1441975896
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Summary : Aerogels are the lightest solids known. Up to 1000 times lighter than glass and with a density as low as only four times that of air, they show very high thermal, electrical and acoustic insulation values and hold many entries in Guinness World Records. Originally based on silica, R&D efforts have extended this class of materials to non-silicate inorganic oxides, natural and synthetic organic polymers, carbon, metal and ceramic materials, etc. Composite systems involving polymer-crosslinked aerogels and interpenetrating hybrid networks have been developed and exhibit remarkable mechanical strength and flexibility. Even more exotic aerogels based on clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantum dots, and biopolymers such as chitosan are opening new applications for the construction, transportation, energy, defense and healthcare industries. Applications in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, energy production and storage, sensors, medicine, nanotechnology, military and aerospace, oil and gas recovery, thermal insulation and household uses are being developed with an estimated annual market growth rate of around 70% until 2015. The Aerogels Handbook summarizes state-of-the-art developments and processing of inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels, including the most important methods of synthesis, characterization as well as their typical applications and their possible market impact. Readers will find an exhaustive overview of all aerogel materials known today, their fabrication, upscaling aspects, physical and chemical properties, and most recent advances towards applications and commercial products, some of which are commercially available today. Key Features: •Edited and written by recognized worldwide leaders in the field •Appeals to a broad audience of materials scientists, chemists, and engineers in academic research and industrial R&D •Covers inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels •Describes military, aerospace, building industry, household, environmental, energy, and biomedical applications among others

Aerogels I

Aerogels I
  • Author : Inamuddin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-15
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9781644900987
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Summary : This book focuses on aerogels and their applications in such areas as energy storage, thermal storage, catalysis, water splitting and environmental remediation. The materials covered include nanocellulose-, porous-, silica-, hybrid silica-, carbon-, graphene- and magnetic aerogels. Ways of modulating the pore structure of aerogels are presented, as well as surface modifications and the application of coatings. Future perspectives focus on functional foods, thickeners, stabilizers, and scaffolding in tissue repair. Keywords: Aerogels, Nanocellulose Aerogels, Non-Silicate Aerogels, Organic Aerogels, Composite Hybrid Aerogels, Carbon-based and Graphene-based Aerogels, Biogels, Hybrid Silica-based Aerogels, Energy Storage, Thermal Storage, Catalysis, Water Splitting, Environmental Remediation, Absorbents, Gas Filters, Packaging Materials, Electrical Devices, Thermal Insulations, Fire Retardants, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Applications, Functional Foods, Thickeners, Stabilizers, Scaffolding in Tissue Repair.

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
  • Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-27
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128219607
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Summary : The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Aerogels II

Aerogels II
  • Author : Inamuddin,Rizwana Mobin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Tariq Altalhi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-20
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9781644901281
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Summary : The book focuses on aerogels for biomedical applications, thermal insulation, energy storage, fuel cells, batteries and environmental remediation. Keywords: Aerogels, Biomedical Applications, Implantable Devices, Tissue Engineering, Bone Regeneration, Biosensing, Pharmacological Applications, Catalysts, Water Purification, Pesticides, Thermal Insulation, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, Batteries, Environmental Remediation, Polymer Aerogels, Bioaerogels, Carbon-based Aerogels.

Nanocarbon and Its Composites

Nanocarbon and Its Composites
  • Author : Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,Dr. Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Ahmed Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :872
  • ISBN : 9780081025109
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Summary : Nanocarbon and Its Composites: Preparation, Properties and Applications provides a detailed and comprehensive review of all major innovations in the field of nanocarbons and their composites, including preparation, properties and applications. Coverage is broad and quite extensive, encouraging future research in carbon-based materials, which are in high demand due to the need to develop more sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for materials. Chapters are written by eminent scholars and leading experts from around the globe who discuss the properties and applications of carbon-based materials, such as nanotubes (buckytubes), fullerenes, cones, horns, rods, foams, nanodiamonds and carbon black, and much more. Chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of carbon-based materials in different application fields and illustrate how to achieve significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from design, synthesis, characterization and applications of nanocarbon based composites Aims to compile information on the various aspects of synthesis, properties and applications of nano-carbon based materials Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan

Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Anitha Pius,Sreerag Gopi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-22
  • Total pages :858
  • ISBN : 9780128179673
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Summary : The Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan: Chitin and Chitosan Based Polymer Materials for Various Applications, Volume Three, is a must-read for polymer chemists, physicists and engineers interested in the development of ecofriendly micro and nanostructured functional materials based on chitin and their various applications. The book addresses their isolation, preparation and properties and their composites, nanomaterials, manufacturing and characterizations. This is the third of three volumes in a series that contains the latest on the major applications of chitin and chitosan based IPN’s, blends, gels, composites and nanocomposites, including environmental remediation, biomedical applications and smart material applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of Chitin and Chitosan materials, from their synthesis and nanomaterials, to their manufacture and applications Volume Three focuses on the applications of Chitin and Chitosan Includes contributions from leading researchers across the globe and from industry, academia, government and private research institutions Highlights current status and future opportunities

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Giusy Lofrano,Giovanni Libralato,Jeanette Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-02
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : 9783319531625
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Summary : In this book discussing the principles of green chemistry and green engineering an international team of investigators present significant recent developments in applying nanoscience, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology to the area of environmental remediation. The opening chapters introduce candidate nanomaterials, properties, mechanisms that enable the applications, the advantages and limitations compared to existing processes and commercial research requirements. It then explores the detection and application of nanomaterials in photocatalytic processes and as adsorbents, and also covers the effect of nanoparticles in the activated sludge process. Later chapters focus on the effects of nanoparticles on crops, the risks associated with the presence of nanoparticles in the environment, and lastly the environmental effects of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) on land remediation. This timely, multi-author contributed volume is aimed at students, technicians, and academics interested in the role, risks and benefits of nanotechnology in modern environmental contexts.

Biobased Aerogels

Biobased Aerogels
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Laly A Pothan,Rubie Mavelil-Sam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-23
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9781782627654
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Summary : Aerogels have been in use for over 80 years and have been utilised in a wide variety of applications, in particular, there has been growing use of insulating nanoporous materials in the aerospace industry. Recent awareness of the environmental implications of materials has driven researchers to develop new green materials, with aerogels being developed using biobased constituents, such as polysaccharides and proteins. Recently, biobased components, such as cellulose nanocrystals, have replaced synthetic counterparts in the production of nanoporous materials. Biobased Aerogelsis the first book to cover aerogel research from a green perspective, using commentary and analysis from leading researchers working in the field. Aerogels based on polysaccharides and proteins, their preparation and characterisation will be covered in detail, with further discussion highlighting properties such as surface morphology, shape recovery, mechanical properties and adsorption capacity. This insightful and timely publication will provide essential reading for those researchers and industrialists working within the green chemistry field.

A New Generation Material Graphene: Applications in Water Technology

A New Generation Material Graphene: Applications in Water Technology
  • Author : Mu. Naushad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-20
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 9783319754840
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Summary : This book presents a unique collection of up-to-date applications of graphene for water science. Because water is an invaluable resource and the intelligent use and maintenance of water supplies is one of the most important and crucial challenges that stand before mankind, new technologies are constantly being sought to lower the cost and footprint of processes that make use of water resources as potable water as well as water for agriculture and industry, which are always in desperate demand. Much research is focused on graphene for different water treatment uses. Graphene, whose discovery won the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics, has been a shining star in the material science in the past few years. Owing to its interesting electrical, optical, mechanical and chemical properties, graphene has found potential applications in a wide range of areas, including water purification technology. A new type of graphene-based filter could be the key to managing the global water crisis. According to the World Economic Forum's Global Risks Report, lack of access to safe, clean water is the biggest risk to society over the coming decade. Yet some of these risks could be mitigated by the development of this filter, which is so strong and stable that it can be used for extended periods in the harshest corrosive environments, and with less maintenance than other filters on the market. The graphene-based filter could be used to filter chemicals, viruses, or bacteria from a range of liquids. It could be used to purify water, dairy products or wine, or in the production of pharmaceuticals. This book provides practical information to all those who are involved in this field.

Advances in Water Purification Techniques

Advances in Water Purification Techniques
  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-29
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780128147917
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Summary : Advances in Water Purification Techniques: Meeting the Needs of Developed and Developing Countries provides a variety of approaches to water purification that can help assist readers with their research and applications. Water contamination problems occur frequently worldwide, hence the most updated knowledge on water purification systems can be helpful in employing the right type of filter or other mechanism of decontamination. The problems with arsenic contamination of water in Bangladesh and the lead problem in Flint, Michigan remind us of the need to monitor water pollution rigorously, from both point and non-point sources. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve water contamination problems or develop new approaches to water purification Presents advanced methods for monitoring water contamination Describes various approaches to water purification Encourages new developments in water purification techniques Includes methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Covers recent advancement in molecular techniques

Graphene Oxide in Environmental Remediation Process

Graphene Oxide in Environmental Remediation Process
  • Author : Flavio Pendolino,Nerina Armata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-24
  • Total pages :52
  • ISBN : 9783319604299
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Summary : This book discusses the remediation process using graphene oxide as removal agent from a chemical point of view. State of the art, properties of graphene oxide and its preparation methods are reported in the introduction. Environmental issues and regulations are presented in view of applying graphene oxide dispersion to the purification of aqueous medium, especially for industrial wastewater. The remediation process, for removal organic molecules, inorganic/metallic ions, covers the last part of the book. Future prospective for graphene oxide in the environmental remediation approach is commented.

Advances in Carbon Nanostructures

Advances in Carbon Nanostructures
  • Author : Adrián Silva,Sónia Carabineiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-05
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9789535126423
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Summary : Carbon atoms have the amazing ability to bond in remarkable different manners that can assume distinct astonishing dimensional arrangements from which absolutely diverse and interesting nanostructured carbon materials are obtained. This book aims to cover the most recent advances in (i) Graphene and derivatives, including graphene-based magnetic composites, membranes, wafer devices, and nanofibers for several applications, as well as some particular properties, such as light emission from graphene; (ii) Carbon nanotubes heaters and fibers for reinforcement of cement and diamond-based thin films; and (iii) Nanofluids consisting of both graphene and carbon nanotubes, apart from reporting some important case studies dealing with carbon nanostructures and their use in sensors, coatings, or electromagnetic wave absorbers.

Carbon-based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications

Carbon-based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications
  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-28
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780128135754
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Summary : Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Production of Materials from Sustainable Biomass Resources

Production of Materials from Sustainable Biomass Resources
  • Author : Zhen Fang,Richard L. Smith, Jr,Xiao-Fei Tian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-04
  • Total pages :401
  • ISBN : 9789811337680
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Summary : This book presents a collection of studies on state-of-art techniques developed specifically for lignocellulose component derivation, and for the production of functional materials, composite polymers, carbonaceous biocatalysts, and pellets from lignocellulosic biomass, with an emphasis on using sustainable chemistry and engineering to develop innovative materials and fuels for practical application. Technological strategies for the physical processing or biological conversion of biomass for material production are also presented. All chapters were contributed by respected experts in the field from around the globe, providing a broad range of perspectives on cutting-edge applications. The book offers an ideal reference guide for academic researchers and industrial engineers in the fields of natural renewable materials, biorefinery of lignocellulose, biofuels and environmental engineering. It can also be used as a comprehensive reference source for university students in chemical engineering, material science and environmental engineering.

Handbook of Advanced Ceramics and Composites

Handbook of Advanced Ceramics and Composites
  • Author : Yashwant Mahajan,Johnson Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-26
  • Total pages :1527
  • ISBN : 3030163466
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Summary : This handbook presents an authoritative account of the potential of advanced ceramics and composites in strategic applications, including defense, national security, aerospace, and energy security (especially nuclear energy). It highlights how their unique combination of superior properties such as low density, high strength, high elastic modulus, high hardness, high temperature capability, and excellent chemical and environmental stability are optimized in technologies within these fields. The handbook is organized according to application type. It allows readers to learn about strategies that have been used in different fields and to transfer them to their own. The book addresses a wide variety of ceramics and their composites, including PZT ceramics, carbon nanotubes, aerogels, silica radomes, relaxor ferroelectrics, and many others.

Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing

Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing
  • Author : Alain C. Pierre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :701
  • ISBN : 9783030381448
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Summary : This book presents a broad, general introduction to the processing of Sol-Gel technologies. This updated volume serves as a general handbook for researchers and students entering the field. This new edition provides updates in fields that have undergone rapid developments, such as Ceramics, Catalysis, Chromatropgraphy, biomaterials, glass science, and optics. It provides a simple, compact resource that can also be used in graduate-level materials science courses.

Nanocomposites for Pollution Control

Nanocomposites for Pollution Control
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-24
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9781351387941
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Summary : Nanocomposites present outstanding mechanical properties and compatibility owing to their composite matrix and unique physical and chemical composition provided by large surface-area-to-volume ratios and high interfacial reactivity. Freedom to functionalize nanocomposites with various chemical groups increases their affinity toward target pollutants, which is highly desirable for the selective extraction of target analytes in complex environmental matrixes. This book presents the recent progress in the field of nanocomposites and their properties, fabrication methods, and applications for pollution control and sensing. It discusses the advances in pollution control techniques made possible because of nanocomposites and focuses on environment-friendly and efficient approaches. The text also covers economic, toxicological, and regulatory issues and research trends.

Water Remediation

Water Remediation
  • Author : Shantanu Bhattacharya,Akhilendra Bhushan Gupta,Ankur Gupta,Ashok Pandey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-22
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9789811075513
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Summary : This book presents the state-of-the-art in the area of water remediation. It covers topics such as decentralized ecological wastewater treatment, applications of remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) in water quality monitoring and remediation, water remediation through nanotechnology, and processes used in water purification. The contents of this volume will prove useful to researchers, students, and policy makers alike.

Bacterial NanoCellulose

Bacterial NanoCellulose
  • Author : Miguel Gama,Paul Gatenholm,Dieter Klemm
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781439869925
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Summary : The first book dedicated to the potential applications and unique properties of bacterial cellulose (BC), this seminal work covers the basic science, technology, and economic impact of this bulk chemical as well as the companies and patents that are driving the field. It reviews the biosynthesis and properties of BC, including genetics and characterization; discusses the advancing technology as it relates to product development, bioreactors, and production; and analyzes the economic impact of BC on a diverse range of industry applications, including materials and biomaterials, biological and polymer sciences, and electromechanical engineering.