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Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology

Advances in Aquaculture Hatchery Technology
  • Author : Geoff Allan,Gavin Burnell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780857097460
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Summary : Aquaculture is the fastest-growing food production sector in the world. With demand for seafood increasing at astonishing rates, the optimization of production methods is vital. One of the primary restrictions to continued growth is the supply of juveniles from hatcheries. Addressing these constraints, Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology provides a comprehensive, systematic guide to the use of current and emerging technologies in enhancing hatchery production. Part one reviews reproduction and larval rearing. Aquaculture hatchery water supply and treatment systems, principles of finfish broodstock management, genome preservation, and varied aspects of nutrition and feeding are discussed in addition to larval health management and microbial management for bacterial pathogen control. Closing the life-cycle and overcoming challenges in hatchery production for selected invertebrate species are the focus of part two, and advances in hatchery technology for spiny lobsters, shrimp, blue mussel, sea cucumbers and cephalopods are all discussed. Part three concentrates on challenges and successes in closing the life-cycle and hatchery production for selected fish species, including tuna, striped catfish, meagre, and yellowtail kingfish. Finally, part four explores aquaculture hatcheries for conservation and education. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology is an authoritative review of the field for hatchery operators, scientists, marine conservators and educators. Provides a comprehensive guide to the use of technologies in enhancing hatchery production Examines reproduction and larval rearing, including genetic improvement and microdiets Discusses challenges in hatchery production of specific species

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : J.E. Purcell,E.J. Baxter,V.L. Fuentes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087459
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Summary : This chapter begins by reviewing the fisheries and culture of jellyfish for human food, multi-million-dollar industries with markets currently centered in Asia. Second, we present guidelines for culture conditions and tank construction for display or study of 27 jellyfish species. Most types of jellyfish (scyphomedusae, hydromedusae, siphonophores and ctenophores) also damage the aquaculture industry by causing fish gill disorders and by fouling net pens. We review the lifecycles of these groups and the damage they cause. Finally, we offer recommendations on how to minimize this damage. Ironically, aquaculture may be inadvertently exacerbating the problems with jellyfish blooms.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : T.J. Bowden,I.R. Bricknell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087398
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Summary : This chapter looks at the issues surrounding health of finfish and shellfish larvae in the aquaculture environment. The chapter will examine issues such as biosecurity to see how it forms the cornerstone of effective hatchery management and how problems can arise when biosecurity fails. Then the chapter looks at how the health of the larvae can be manipulated and how the larvae can be protected from potential pathogens by good management.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : S. Kolkovski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087381
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Summary : Marine fish larvae fed microdiets have not, at this stage, matched the growth and survival performances demonstrated by larvae fed live feeds such as rotifers and Artemia. This chapter discusses the issues related to the use of microdiets as a sole or partial feed for marine fish larvae. The techniques and methods of manufacturing microdiet particles, chemical and physical properties of microdiet particles are described. The use of feeding systems and advantages and disadvantage of the current feeding systems is reviewed. The chapter also looks at advances in feeding regimes such as co-feeding and feeding systems.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : C. Labbé,V. Robles,M.P. Herraez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087350
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Summary : In this chapter the benefits of short- to long-term storage of genetic material from aquatic species in liquid nitrogen are introduced. The biophysical and chemical challenges that arise during freeze-thawing are presented from the perspective of the large degree of structural and biological diversity found in fish, mollusc and crustacean gametes. Sperm cryopreservation procedures and the challenges raised by cryopreservation of oocytes and embryos or larvae are then discussed with a special focus on the importance of the genetic integrity of the thawed cells. Alternatives to the cryobanking of gametes and embryos rely on the cryopreservation of cells of somatic, embryonic and germinal origin. The challenges posed by the use of such cells to reconstruct fish are then described.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : M.R. Brown,S.I. Blackburn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087367
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Summary : Microalgae remain an indispensible hatchery food for many aquaculture species, despite some on-going progress in the development of formulated larval feeds. The majority of the microalgae feed production occurs as living cultures on-site within hatcheries. In this review, general characteristics of microalgae are discussed, including chemical profiles, nutritional qualities and methods of mass culture. Key microalgal species are identified that are used as feeds leading to the hatchery production of bivalves, abalone, shrimp and fish. Global demand for microalgae production as hatchery feeds is likely to increase, requiring not only the expansion of existing infrastructure, but technical innovation to develop new production systems that are more intensive and have greater production capacity.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : J. Iglesias,L. Fuentes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087442
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Summary : This chapter deals with the different methods used in the world to produce hatchery-reared juveniles of Octopus vulgaris, including capture and transport methods, broodstock conditioning and paralarval rearing technology. First, a review is made of the different systems used for hatchery production of the various Cephalopod species in which there is the greatest commercial interest. Then, specifically for Octopus vulgaris, conclusions and standardized methods related to the spawning process, the control of embryonic development and, finally, a protocol for paralarval rearing are also given. The main bottlenecks and future research trends are pointed out, and important sources of further information and advice are referenced. A brief review of the state-of-the-art on larvae and juvenile rearing of other cephalopods species is also included in this chapter.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : G.J. Partridge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087473
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Summary : The reliance on wild-caught juvenile tuna is seen as the Achilles heel of tuna ranching industries worldwide and it is widely recognised that closed-cycle hatchery production is essential to sustain the demand for tuna and reduce pressure on wild stocks. The many features that make tuna such a unique group of fish also give rise to the many challenges associated with their culture and despite some forty years of effort, commercial scale hatchery production has yet to be fully realised. This chapter summarises the history of closed-cycle tuna production and discusses the recent and significant achievements that have been made towards the achievement of this elusive goal.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : J. Wyban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087428
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Summary : Global shrimp farming more than tripled production over the last decade. The major driver of that expansion was the introduction, adoption and expansion of farming P. vannamei as the shrimp species of choice. A key element determining farmers’ preference for P. vannamei was widespread availability of High Health post-larvae (PL) produced from specific pathogen free (SPF) broodstock that outperformed other shrimp species in reliability and profitability. Production of High Health PL requires use of SPF broodstock in hatcheries using biosecurity. This chapter reviews key management practices of securing SPF broodstock and biosecurity in P. vannamei shrimp hatchery systems.

Advances in Tuna Aquaculture

Advances in Tuna Aquaculture
  • Author : Daniel Benetti,Gavin Partridge,Alejandro Buentello
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-21
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780124115064
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Summary : Advances in Tuna Aquaculture: From Hatchery to Market provides detailed overviews on the current status of tuna fisheries, fattening, and farming practices, as well as advances in closed-cycle tuna aquaculture. Contributors are renowned scientists, internationally recognized as authorities in their fields. This book addresses all basic and applied aspects of tuna aquaculture, presenting and discussing the global status of tuna fisheries, reproduction, broodstock management, spawning, larval rearing and early developmental stages including nursery and grow out methods. It presents incorporates the most comprehensive and updated data, statistics, and trends in tuna fisheries and aquaculture, covering and addresses a variety of topics ranging fromfrom endocrinology, nutrition, diseases, and genetics to economics and markets. It covers describes recent up-to-date progress on tuna aquaculture and hatchery development. It also provides a synopsisn overview of the challenges presently confronted by tuna aquaculturists,facing tuna aquaculture and and offers innovative views on the challengesbottle-neck issues faced by the industry with the current shift from fisheries to fattening to closed-cycle aquaculture. This is the first book to encompass all aspects related to the tuna aquaculture industry, and merges them into a state-of-the-art compendium that will serve as seminal reference for students, researchers, and professionals working with tuna biology, fisheries, and aquaculture worldwide. Incorporates and reviews the most recent information on tuna fisheries and aquaculture Presents the most innovative production technologies in tuna aquaculture, from hatchery to market Includes important information on tuna, derived from industry experience and academic research on larval rearing technology and grow out operations Encompasses and discusses key topics such as genetics, diseases, nutrition, endocrinology, and reproduction, as well as developments, challenges, and future opportunities in tuna aquaculture Provides the latest scientific methods and technologies to maximize efficiencies and production Presents the independent and collective assessments, viewpoints, and visions of various scientists, all internationally recognized as authorities in the field

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : P.T. Nguyen,T.M. Bui,T.A. Nguyen,S. De Silva
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087480
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Summary : Striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) farming in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, is considered as a major, aquaculture development both in Vietnam and globally. One of the main drivers responsible for the explosive growth of the sector is considered to be the development and commercialisation of techniques for artificial propagation of the species. This chapter looks first at the life-cycle of the striped catfish and historical developments in hatchery technology before going on to discuss induced breeding of catfish in hatcheries together with larval and fry nursing. Finally, harvesting and transportation are described and possible future directions in the sector.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : A. Mercier,J.-F. Hamel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087466
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Summary : Sea cucumber fisheries have existed for centuries, driven primarily by the Chinese markets. In recent decades, overfishing has severely depleted commercial sea cucumber populations worldwide. Consequently, a growing number of countries are becoming interested in developing aquaculture programs. Every year billions of larvae and millions of juveniles are successfully grown in aquaculture facilities and new initiatives are booming. Here we introduce briefly the main species that have so far been successfully cultivated: Apostichopus japonicus, Holothuria scabra and Isostichopus fuscus. We describe common techniques for the culture of larvae and juveniles and outline some of the main challenges of this industry.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : O.-I. Lekang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087336
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Summary : Good water quality is of major importance to production results in a hatchery, particularly in those which work more intensively. A low cost water transfer system is also important economically, affecting both investment and running costs. The low cost, however, should not be allowed to compromise the efficacy of the system, leading to operating problems or a lower water quality, for example. This chapter will take a brief look at some important factors in the location of hatcheries, before progressing to assess different water supply systems, encompassing both fresh water and sea water. Before the water entersthe production unit, it hasto be treated to fulfill the requirement of the aquatic organism as closely as possible. A description of different water treatment equipment/methods is also included in the chapter.

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology

Advances in aquaculture hatchery technology
  • Author : N.J. Duncan,A. Estévez,H. Fernández-Palacios,I. Gairin,C.M. Hernández-Cruz,J. Roo,D. Schuchardt,R. Vallés
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9780128087497
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Summary : Meagre (Argyrosomus regius) have good potential for aquaculture. Culture characteristics include controlled spawning in captivity, relatively easy larval rearing, fast growth, good feed conversion ratios and no maturation during ongrowing. Whilst characteristics of the final product include good processing yield, low fat content, good taste and firm texture. This chapter details the present knowledge on the biology of the species, the culture protocols being used through the entire production cycle (broodstock management, larval rearing, pre-ongrowing and ongrowing), product quality, market and economics of production. Finally future prospects and challenges to achieve mass production are examined.

New Technologies in Aquaculture

New Technologies in Aquaculture
  • Author : Gavin Burnell,Geoff Allan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-30
  • Total pages :1224
  • ISBN : 9781845696474
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Summary : With wild stocks declining due to over-fishing, aquaculture will have a more significant role to play in meeting future demand for fresh fish. Developments in research continue to lead to improvements in aquaculture production systems, resulting in increased production efficiency, higher product quality for consumers and a more sustainable industry. New technologies in aquaculture reviews essential advances in these areas. Part one focuses on the genetic improvement of farmed species and control of reproduction, with chapters on genome-based technologies in aquaculture research, selective breeding and the production of single sex and sterile populations, among other topics. Parts two and three review key issues in health, diet and husbandry, such as the control of viral and parasitic diseases, diet and husbandry techniques to improve disease resistance, advances in diets for particular fish species and the impact of harmful algal bloom on shellfisheries aquaculture. Chapters in Parts three and four then examine the design of different aquaculture production systems, including offshore technologies, tank-based recirculating systems and ponds, and key environmental issues, such as the prediction and assessment of the impact of aquaculture. Concluding chapters focus on farming new species. With its well-known editors and distinguished international team of contributors, New technologies in aquaculture is an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in the aquaculture industry. Reviews recent advances in improvements in aquaculture production Focuses on the genetic improvement and reproduction of farmed species, including genome-based technologies Discusses key health issues, including advances in disease diagnosis, vaccine development and other emerging methods to control pathogens in aquaculture

Recent Advances and New Species in Aquaculture

Recent Advances and New Species in Aquaculture
  • Author : Ravi Fotedar,Bruce Phillips
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-07
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781444341751
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Summary : This comprehensive, up-to-date text delivers the latest must-have information on species new to aquaculture and documents the most important technological innovations of the past decade. Every aspect of the growing field has been addressed with coverage spanning recent technological development, new species, recent changes and global trends. More specifically, you will find information on the culture of species such as barramundi, cobia, dolphin fish, spiny lobsters, slipper lobsters, mud crabs, penaeid prawns, Nile tilapia, yellow king fish, abalone, sea cucumber and sea urchin, seaweed, ornamentals and Indian major carps, fugu, mud skippers, cephalopods and blue fin tuna. The technological innovations and introduction of new species into aquaculture are critical to the evolution of the global aquaculture industry; an industry which is rapidly becoming one of the fastest growing in the world, having experienced huge advances across its many and diverse facets. Recent Advances and New Species in Aquaculture focuses explicitly on the ever-changing face of aquaculture, providing core scientific and commercially useful information on the remarkable growth in aquaculture production and in the advancement of new technological tools. Written by many well respected international figures and drawn together and edited by Ravi Fotedar & Bruce Phillips, this exciting book is an essential purchase for anyone involved in or about to enter into the aquaculture industry. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where aquaculture, fish biology, aquatic and environmental sciences and fisheries are studied and taught will find this an important addition to their shelves. Recent Advances and New Species in Aquaculture is sure to become a key companion for all those studying aquaculture and a valuable source of reference for all personnel involved in the industry.

Advances in Marine and Brackishwater Aquaculture

Advances in Marine and Brackishwater Aquaculture
  • Author : Santhanam Perumal,Thirunavukkarasu A.R.,Perumal Pachiappan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-05
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9788132222712
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Summary : This book compiles the latest findings in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture. It covers significant topics such as techniques of culture of live feeds (microalgae, rotifer, Artemia, marine copepod & polychaetes), while also highlighting vital themes like the culture and applications of free and marine sponge associated microbial probiotics, controlled breeding, seed production and culture of commercially important fin and shell fishes. Moreover, the book focuses on the breeding and culture of marine ornamental fishes, sea cucumber and sea urchin and discusses seaweeds culture, aqua feed formulation and nutrition, water quality management in hatchery and grow-out culture systems, fish disease diagnosis and health management and cryopreservation of fish gametes for sustainable aquaculture practices, all from a multidimensional perspective. The global fish production was 154 million tonnes in 2011 which more or less consisted of capture and culture fisheries (FAO, 2012). Roughly 80% of this is from inland-freshwater aquaculture and the remainder from capture fisheries in the marine and brackishwater sector. However, marine and brackishwater catches have recently begun to diminish due to overexploitation, climate change and pollution. The UNEP report affirmed that if the world remains on its current course of overfishing, by 2050, the ocean fish stock could become extinct or no longer commercially viable to exploit. In these circumstances, aquaculture is considered to be a promising sector to fulfill our future protein requirement. However, brackishwater and marine fish production now face serious challenges due to e.g. lack of quality fish seeds, feeds, poor water quality management and diseases. Fisheries and aquaculture sectors play a vital role as potential sources of nutritional security and food safety around the globe. Fish food is rich in protein, vitamins, phosphorous, calcium, zinc, selenium etc. In addition, fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, which help to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Fish food can also provide several health benefits to consumers. The omega 3 fatty acids found in fish can reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) and increase the HDL levels (the “good” cholesterol). Research conducted in Australia has proved that fish consumption can be used to cure hypertension and obesity. It is also reported that people who ate more fish were less prone to asthma and were able to breathe more easily. Omega 3 fish oil or fish consumption can help to prevent three of the most common forms of cancer: breast cancer, colon and prostate cancer. The omega 3 fatty acids present in fish or fish oil induce faster hair growth and prevent hair loss. Since most varieties of fish are rich in protein, eating fish helps to keep hair healthy. Furthermore, fish or fish oil helps in improving the condition of dry skin, giving it a healthy glow. It is useful in treating various skin problems such as eczema, psoriasis, itching, redness of skin, skin lesions and rashes. It is well known that eating fish improves vision and prevents Alzheimer’s and type-2 diabetes, and can combat arthritis. Further, fish oil or fish is good for pregnant women, as the DHA present in it helps in the development of the baby’s eyes and brain. It helps to avoid premature births, low birth weights and miscarriages. In addition, it is widely known that fish can be a good substitute for pulses in cereal-based diets for the poor. The global fish production was roughly 154 million tonnes in 2011 (FAO, 2012). It is estimated that by 2020 global fish requirements will be over 200 million tonnes; as such, innovative technological improvements are called for in order to improve the production and productivity in fisheries. In this context, this book provides valuable information for academics, scientists, researchers, government officials and farmers on innovative technological advances for sustainable fish production using aquaculture methods. The book identifies the main issues and trends in marine and brackishwater aquaculture from a global perspective in general and in the Indian context in particular. It includes 23 chapters written by prominent researchers from various institutes and universities across India, who address the latest aquaculture technologies with distinctive approaches to support academics, researchers and graduates in the fields of Fisheries, Aquaculture, Marine Science, Marine Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Zoology and Agricultural Sciences. Our thanks go to our contributors; we are confident that all readers will immensely benefit from their valued expertise in the field of marine and brackishwater aquaculture.

Live Food in Aquaculture

Live Food in Aquaculture
  • Author : A. Hagiwara,T.W. Snell,E. Lubzens,C.S. Tamaru
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9789401720977
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Summary : This proceedings volume includes selected papers presented at the international symposium `Live Food Organisms in Marine Larviculture' held in Nagasaki, Japan, September 1-4 1996. This international symposium focused on live food organisms for the larval rearing of marine animals. Recent achievements in the fundamental biology (such as physiology, ecology, taxonomy, life cycle and nutrition) of live planktonic animals used as feed in aquaculture were combined with recent technological advances on larval rearing methods. This volume also provides future directions for the application of basic science to the rearing of aquatic animals.

The Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus

The Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus
  • Author : Hongsheng Yang,Jean-Francois Hamel,Annie Mercier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-07
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9780128004678
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Summary : While sea cucumber is one of China's and Asia’s most prized seafoods, and aquaculture programs are being developed on a huge commercial scale, Chinese expertise and knowledge in this area has not been well disseminated worldwide. The Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus is the first book to bridge this gap by compiling key information related to hatchery and aquaculture techniques, nutritional and medical values, markets, and trade flow of the number one sea cucumber species. It summarizes the historical and most recent developments in the trade and aquaculture of Apostichopus japonicus, as well as important aspects of its anatomy, population dynamics, reproduction, development, physiology, and biochemistry. With sea cucumber harvest and aquaculture booming worldwide, comprehensive knowledge of China’s technological breakthroughs in this rapidly expanding field is key. The Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus is essential to understanding the cultural underpinnings of the insatiable market demands for sea cucumber and what drives sea cucumber trade. It also provides biological information and aquaculture techniques that can be adapted to other species, making it a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners involved in sea cucumber harvesting, aquaculture, and conservation. Explores the historical and current importance of Apostichopus japonicus in China, Japan, and the two Koreas Presents innovative production technologies in sea cucumber aquaculture Provides the latest scientific methods to maximize efficiency and production Includes important information on the design and operation of farms Discusses hot topics, current challenges, and future opportunities in aquaculture Highlights important advances in the study of sea cucumbers at the behavioral, cellular, and molecular levels

Advances in Aquaculture

Advances in Aquaculture
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Technical Conference on Aquaculture,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :653
  • ISBN : UVA:35007000816250
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Summary :

Feed and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture

Feed and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture
  • Author : D Allen Davis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-12
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780081005071
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Summary : Feed and fertilizer are significant costs in aquaculture operations and play an important role in the successful production of fish and other seafood for human consumption. This book reviews the key properties of feeds, advances in feed formulation and ingredient choices and the practicalities of feeding systems and strategies. Feed and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the topic and is an essential guide for nutritionists, farm owners and technicians in aquaculture, as well as those working in R&D in the feed production industry and academics/postgraduate students with an interest in the area. Reviews the key properties of aquafeed, advances in feed formulation and manufacturing techniques, and the practicalities of feeding systems and strategies Provides an overview of feed and fertilizer in aquaculture Covers feeding strategies and related issues in different areas of aquaculture