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Advances in Fire Retardant Materials

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
  • Author : A. Richard Horrocks,D. Price
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-19
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9781845695071
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Summary : This important book provides a comprehensive account of the advances that have occurred in fire science in relation to a broad range of materials. The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of which can improve safety as well as the marketability of a product. The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems. Key environmental issues are also addressed. The second group of chapters examines fire testing issues and regulations. A final group of chapters addresses the application of fire retardant materials in such areas as composites, automotive materials, military fabrics and aviation materials. With its distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is an essential reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve fire retardancy in materials. It is also suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Reviews advances in improving the retardancy of materials Addresses key environmental issues Examines fire testing issues and regulations and the challenges involved

Fire Retardant Materials

Fire Retardant Materials
  • Author : A. Richard Horrocks,D. Price,Dennis Price
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-03-02
  • Total pages :429
  • ISBN : 1855734192
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Summary : The editors and contributors provide a comprehensive source of information on all aspects of fire retardancy, emphasizing the burning behavior and flame retarding properties of polymetric materials. They combine combustion, flame retardants, smoke and toxic products and material-specific aspects of combustion in relation to textiles, composites, and bulk polymers. The contributors include the latest research in the nanocomposites, making it an essential source for anyone working with, studying, and developing fire retardant materials. The text considers material properties first; why materials may need to be fire retarded; how this may be undertaken; and the consequences. It highlights the juxtaposition of increased demands for safety and increased concerns about the risks to health and the environment caused by using flame retardants and fire retardant materials. The book discusses the fundamental issues that determine whether or not a material is flammable and how flame retardancy may be conferred both mechanistically and by means of established flame retardant systems and explores emerging methods and anticipated changes for performance-based tests.

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials
  • Author : De-Yi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-21
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9780081001639
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Summary : Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials reviews the latest scientific developments and technological advances in the design and manufacture of fire retardant polymers and composite materials. Fire retardant polymeric materials are used in a broad range of applications in fields such as aviation, automotive, computer, construction, electronics, and telecommunications. It is essential to have a better understanding of the scientific technology used in the design and manufacture of fire-resistant materials and their end products. This book includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA, etc. Provides cutting-edge research in flame retardant materials, relevant to both scientific and industrial applications Presents the latest and most up-to-date fire retardant technologies Discusses the most popular fire retardant polymer systems Includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA

Advanced Flame Retardant Materials

Advanced Flame Retardant Materials
  • Author : Fouad Laoutid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-06
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9783039283507
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Summary : Recent disasters caused by the spread of fire in buildings and in transportations remind us of the importance of fire protection. Using flame-retardant materials is one important element of the firefighting strategy, which aims to prevent fire development and propagation. These materials are used in different applications, such as in textiles, coatings, foams, furniture, and cables. The development of more efficient and environmentally friendly flame-retardant additives is an active multidisciplinary approach that has attracted a great deal of interest. Studies have aimed at the development of new, sustainable, and flame-retardant additives/materials, providing high performance and low toxicity. Also studied were their properties during ageing and recycling, as well as modeling physical and chemical processes occuring before ignition and during their combustion. The development of sustainable flame retardants and understanding their modes of action provide a strong link between these topics and cover many fields from organic chemistry, materials engineering, and toxicology, to physics and mathematics.

Advanced Flame Retardant Materials

Advanced Flame Retardant Materials
  • Author : Fouad Laoutid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-06
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9783039283507
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Summary : Recent disasters caused by the spread of fire in buildings and in transportations remind us of the importance of fire protection. Using flame-retardant materials is one important element of the firefighting strategy, which aims to prevent fire development and propagation. These materials are used in different applications, such as in textiles, coatings, foams, furniture, and cables. The development of more efficient and environmentally friendly flame-retardant additives is an active multidisciplinary approach that has attracted a great deal of interest. Studies have aimed at the development of new, sustainable, and flame-retardant additives/materials, providing high performance and low toxicity. Also studied were their properties during ageing and recycling, as well as modeling physical and chemical processes occuring before ignition and during their combustion. The development of sustainable flame retardants and understanding their modes of action provide a strong link between these topics and cover many fields from organic chemistry, materials engineering, and toxicology, to physics and mathematics.

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials
  • Author : Yuan Hu,Xin Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-06
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9781351586146
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Summary : Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the field, from basic properties and mechanisms of action for flame retardants to emerging methods, materials, and industrial applications. With over 120 black and white images, Hu and Wang cover the latest in the development of novel polymer nanocomposites such as graphene, CNTs, LDHs, POSS, and techniques such as layer-by-layer assembly. These expert authors also include discussions on the important flame-retardant systems based on phosphorus, silicon, and boron. In doing so, they highlight the use of flame-retardants in varying industries, for example, construction, textiles, and aviation. This comprehensive handbook is an essential read for students and academics of physics with a particular interest in flame-retardant materials. It would also be recommended for professionals within the materials science and engineering fields.

Fire and Polymers VI: New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science

Fire and Polymers VI: New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science
  • Author : Charles A. Wilkie,Alexander B. Morgan,Gordon L. Nelson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-04
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 0841227802
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Summary : Provides the latest research in flame retardant chemistry, stemming from the 2012 ACS symposium on the subject.

Polymer Green Flame Retardants

Polymer Green Flame Retardants
  • Author : Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Pantelis Kiliaris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-14
  • Total pages :942
  • ISBN : 9780444538093
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Summary : Polymer Green Flame Retardants covers key issues regarding the response of polymers during fire, the mechanisms of their flame retardation, the regulations imposed on their use, and the health hazards arising from their combustion. Presenting the latest research developments, the book focuses in particular on nanocomposites, believed to be the most promising approach for producing physically superior materials with low flammability and ecological impact. The fire properties of nanocomposites of various matrixes and fillers are discussed, the toxicological characteristics of these materials are analyzed, addressing also their environmental sustainability. Edited by distinguished scientists, including an array of international industry and academia experts, this book will appeal to chemical, mechanical, environmental, material and process engineers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines, and generally to researchers developing commercially attractive and environmentally friendly fire-proof products. Provides recent findings on the manufacture of environmentally sustainable flame retardant polymeric materials Covers legislation and regulations concerning flame retarded polymeric material use Includes tables containing the fire properties of the most common polymeric materials

Fire and Polymers V

Fire and Polymers V
  • Author : Charles A. Wilkie,Alexander B. Morgan,Gordon L. Nelson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :439
  • ISBN : UCLA:L0101086882
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Summary : This volume addresses recent advances in fire retardancy and examines progress that has been made in controlling fires.

Advances in Fire Retardant Textiles

Advances in Fire Retardant Textiles
  • Author : Vijay Mohan Bhatnagar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :605
  • ISBN : UOM:39076005256727
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Summary :

New Technologies in Protective Coatings

New Technologies in Protective Coatings
  • Author : Carlos Giudice,Guadalupe Canosa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-06
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : 9789535134916
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Summary : Materials are at the center of all technological advances; it is evident in considering the spectacular progress that has been made in fields as diverse as engineering, medicine, biology, etc. Materials science and technology must develop researches allowing the generation of new methods of protection to reduce fundamentally the losses of human life as well as the economic ones. The former are impossible of quantifying, while the latter are highly significant; thus, only those derived from corrosive processes in their different forms reach, in technologically developed countries, about 4% of the Gross National Product (GNP), while those derived from fire action range from 0.5 to 1.0% of the mentioned GNP. The book, in the different chapters, displays original systems of superficial protection and of low environmental impact to minimize the losses by corrosion and the fire action.

Flame - Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame - Retardant Polymeric Materials
  • Author : Menachem Lewin,S. M. Atlas,Eli M. Pearce
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9781475701128
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Summary : Flammability has been recognized as an increasingly important social and scientific problem. Fire statistics in the United States (Report on the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, "America Burning," 1973) emphasized the vast devastation to life and property-12,000 lives lost annually due to fire and these deaths are usually caused by inhaling smoke or toxic gases; 300,000 fire injuries; 11. 4 billion dollars in fire cost of which 2. 7 billion dollars is related to property loss; a billion dollars to burn injury treatment; and 3. 3 billion dollars in productivity loss. It is obvious that much human and economic misery can be attributed to fire situations. In relation to this, polymer flammability has been recognized as an increasingly important social and scientific problem. The development of flame-retardant polymeric materials is a current example where the initiative for major scientific and technological developments is motivated by sociological pressure and legisla tion. This is part of the important trend toward a safer environment and sets a pattern for future example. Flame retardancy deals with our basic everyday life situations-housing, work areas, transportation, clothing and so forth the "macroenvironment" capsule within which "homosapiens" live. As a result, flame-retardant polymers are now emerging as a specific class of materials leading to new and diversified scientific and technological ventures.

Update on Flame Retardant Textiles

Update on Flame Retardant Textiles
  • Author : Jenny Alongi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 9781909030183
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Summary : This book describes the progress in flame retardancy of both natural and synthetic fibres/fabrics moving from the traditional approaches (back-coating techniques), current chemical solutions (P-, N-, S-, B- based flame retardants) to the novel up-to-date strategies (deposition and/or assembly of architectures, plasma treatments, sol-gel processes, ...). More specifically, the fundamental aspects, the chemistry of current flame retardant textile technologies including back-coating process and the obtained improvements are thoroughly reviewed, taking into account the detrimental environmental effects due to the use of halogen-based additives such as bromine derivatives. Then, an overview of the chemical development of flame retardant strategies based on halogen-free compounds is summarized. The third part of the book is devoted to a description of the up-to-date innovative solutions, based on nanotechnology. The surface deposition of coatings having a different chemical structure, is highlighted in detail. To this aim, the effect of (nano)architectures derived from (nano)particle adsorption, plasma deposition/grafting, layer by layer assembly, sol-gel treatments on fibres/fabrics is thoroughly discussed.

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles
  • Author : F. Selcen Kilinc
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-15
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9780857098931
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Summary : Given its importance to consumer safety, fire resistant textiles are one of the fastest growing sectors in industrial textiles. Handbook of fire resistant textiles provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years. It draws together scientific and technical expertise from around the world to produce an important source of current knowledge on fire resistant textiles and their use for protection in hostile environments. Part one provides an overview of fire resistant textiles. Chapters discuss burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers, chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy, multi-component flame resistant coating techniques for textiles, care and maintenance of fire resistant textiles, along with the safety, health and environmental aspects of flame retardants. Part two covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens. Part three reviews standards, regulations, and characterization of fire resistant textiles. Part four includes case studies of major applications of fire resistant textiles. The Handbook of fire resistant textiles is an invaluable resource for a broad spectrum of professionals in the textiles and apparel industries, including textile and garment manufacturers, engineers, researchers, designers, developers and buyers. Provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years Discusses burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers and chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy Covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles

Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles
  • Author : Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-11
  • Total pages :678
  • ISBN : 9780128226766
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Summary : Advances in Functional and Protective Textiles explores the latest research in the use of textile materials for protective clothing. The book’s international roster of researchers in industry and academia describe innovative applications in defense, medical, sports, fire protection, radiation protection, and more. This book is an invaluable resource for readers seeking to produce textiles with self-cleaning, antimicrobial, super-hydrophobic, UV-protective, insect repellant, flame retardant or anti-felting properties. Particular attention is given to textile fibers, including cotton, wool, viscose, and other synthetic fibers whose properties solve many problems. Sustainable approaches to the processing of textiles for protective properties are also addressed, as are hazards. Introduces the advanced testing and modeling methods that are necessary for the production of protective textiles Describes the properties of the latest advanced chemicals and materials used to make protective textiles and clothing Covers every step in the development of protective clothing, from the engineering of novel materials, to advanced fabrication methodologies and applications

Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors

Improved Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Fire- and Smoke-Resistant Materials for Commercial Aircraft Interiors
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-09-08
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9780309053365
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Summary : This book describes the Conference on Fire and Smoke-Resistant Materials held at the National Academy of Sciences on November 8-10, 1994. The purpose of this conference was to identify trends in aircraft fire safety and promising research directions for the Federal Aviation Administration's program in smoke and fire resistant materials. This proceedings contains 15 papers presented by distinguished speakers and summaries of the workshop sessions concerning toxicity issues, fire performance parameters, drivers for materials development, and new materials technology.

Advances in Fire Retardants

Advances in Fire Retardants
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1972
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015013064707
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Summary :

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-30
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9781118773987
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Summary : The book presents emerging economic and environmentally friendly lignocellulosic polymer composites materials that are free from side effects studied in the traditional synthetic materials. This book brings together panels of highly-accomplished leading experts in the field of lignocellulosic polymers & composites from academia, government, as well as research institutions across the globe and encompasses basic studies including preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymers along with applications addressing new emerging topics of novel issues. Provide basic information and clear understanding of the present state and the growing utility of lignocellulosic materials from different natural resources Includes contributions from world-renowned experts on lignocellulosic polymer composites and discusses the combination of different kinds of lignocellulosic materials from natural resources Discusses the fundamental properties and applications of lignocellulosic polymers in comparison to traditional synthetic materials Explores various processing/ mechanical/ physic-chemical aspects of lignocellulosic polymer composites

Thermal Protective Clothing for Firefighters

Thermal Protective Clothing for Firefighters
  • Author : Guowen Song,Sumit Mandal,René Rossi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-27
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9780081012864
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Summary : Thermal Protective Clothing for Firefighters explores the materials, design, and usage of thermal protective clothing. The characteristics of fire hazards are discussed in detail, and the thermal environments faced by firefighters in these fire hazards are also examined. The different types of potential burn injuries and the heat stress that occurs to firefighters’ bodies when exposed to such thermal environments are analyzed. Furthermore, the development of various high performance fibers and fabrics for thermal protective clothing is discussed. The test methods and existing standards to evaluate the thermal protective and physiological comfort performances of the fabrics and clothing are critically reviewed. Recent developments in the field of fire- and heat-resistant materials have led to significant improvements in thermal protective clothing. In parallel with this, the complexity and risk levels of fires, especially in industrial-storage facilities, and developments in health and safety cultures have increased the demand for high-performance heat- and flame-resistant clothing and equipment, designed to mitigate skin burn injuries and reduce risk of death from fire hazards. Throughout the work, the gaps and limitations in existing test methods and standards are identified, and approaches are recommended for the development of enhanced test methods. Scenario modeling and its implications for firefighters’ protective clothing is discussed, and various factors affecting performance are established. Finally, various key issues related to thermal protective clothing are addressed to guide the future research in the field of thermal protective clothing for firefighters. This book will help materials-textile engineers to develop high performance thermal protective clothing that can enhance the protection, safety, and comfort of firefighters. Offers a helpful guide to the successful specification and design of high performance protective clothing to meet the high standards of today's regulatory framework Introduces the new materials technical innovations that are transforming fire protective clothing Explores the role of clothing from the operational perspective, including technical innovations Offers a critical review of the test methods and existing standards to evaluate the thermal protective and physiological comfort performances of the fabrics and clothing

Current Engineering Practice

Current Engineering Practice
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112007802124
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Summary :

Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials

Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials
  • Author : A. P. Mouritz,A. G. Gibson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-30
  • Total pages :401
  • ISBN : 9781402053566
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Summary : This book is the first to deal with the important topic of the fire behaviour of fibre reinforced polymer composite materials. The book covers all of the key issues on the behaviour of composites in a fire. Also covered are fire protection materials for composites, fire properties of nanocomposites, fire safety regulations and standards, fire test methods, and health hazards from burning composites.