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Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry
  • Author : Markus H.A. Piro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-20
  • Total pages :670
  • ISBN : 9780081026519
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Summary : Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry presents a high-level description of nuclear fuel chemistry based on the most recent research and advances. Dr. Markus H.A. Piro and his team of global, expert contributors cover all aspects of both the conventional uranium-based nuclear fuel cycle and non-conventional fuel cycles, including mining, refining, fabrication, and long-term storage, as well as emerging nuclear technologies, such as accident tolerant fuels and molten salt materials. Aimed at graduate students, researchers, academics and practicing engineers and regulators, this book will provide the reader with a single reference from which to learn the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics and radiochemistry. Consolidates the latest research on nuclear fuel chemistry into one comprehensive reference, covering all aspects of traditional and non-traditional nuclear fuel cycles Includes contributions from world-renowned experts from many countries representing government, industry and academia Covers a variety of fuel designs, including conventional uranium dioxide, mixed oxides, research reactor fuels, and molten salt fuels Written by experts with hands-on experience in the development of such designs

Exam Prep Flash Cards for Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Exam Prep Flash Cards for Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel
  • Author : Robin Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-18
  • Total pages :684
  • ISBN : 9781782422174
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Summary : Reprocessing and Recycling of Spent Nuclear Fuel presents an authoritative overview of spent fuel reprocessing, considering future prospects for advanced closed fuel cycles. Part One introduces the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, reviewing past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues. Parts Two and Three focus on aqueous-based reprocessing methods and pyrochemical methods, while final chapters consider the cross-cutting aspects of engineering and process chemistry and the potential for implementation of advanced closed fuel cycles in different parts of the world. Expert introduction to the recycling and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel Detailed overview of past and current technologies, the possible implications of Generation IV nuclear reactors, and associated safely and security issues A lucid exploration of aqueous-based reprocessing methods and pyrochemical methods

State-of-the-art Report on the Progress of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Chemistry

State-of-the-art Report on the Progress of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :148
  • ISBN : OCLC:1196140111
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Summary : The implementation of advanced nuclear systems requires that new technologies associated with the back end of the fuel cycle are developed. The separation of minor actinides from other fuel components is one of the advanced concepts being studied to help close the nuclear fuel cycle and to improve the long-term effects on the performance of geological repositories. Separating spent fuel elements and subsequently converting them through transmutation into short-lived nuclides should considerably reduce the longterm risks associated with nuclear power generation.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435060248903
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Summary :

Analytical Chemistry of Uranium

Analytical Chemistry of Uranium
  • Author : Zeev Karpas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-21
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781482220582
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Summary : Accurate uranium analysis, and particularly for isotope measurements, is essential in many fields, including environmental studies, geology, hydrogeology, the nuclear industry, health physics, and homeland security. Nevertheless, only a few scientific books are dedicated to uranium in general and analytical chemistry aspects in particular. Analytical Chemistry of Uranium: Environmental, Forensic, Nuclear, and Toxicological Applications covers the fascinating advances in the field of analytical chemistry of uranium. Exploring a broad range of topics, the book focuses on the analytical aspects of industrial processes that involve uranium, its presence in the environment, health and biological implications of exposure to uranium compounds, and nuclear forensics. Topics include: Examples of procedures used to characterize uranium in environmental samples of soil, sediments, vegetation, water, and air Analytical methods used to examine the rigorous specifications of uranium and its compounds deployed in the nuclear fuel cycle Health aspects of exposure to uranium and the bioassays used for exposure assessment Up-to-date analytical techniques used in nuclear forensics for safeguards in support of non-proliferation, including single particle characterization Each chapter includes an overview of the topic and several examples to demonstrate the analytical procedures. This is followed by sample preparation, separation and purification techniques where necessary. The book supplies readers with a solid understanding of the analytical chemistry approach used today for characterizing the different facets of uranium, providing a good starting point for further investigation into this important element.

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution
  • Author : Adolfo Iulianelli,Angelo Basile
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-16
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9780857097736
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Summary : Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution reviews recent developments in this key component of the emerging "hydrogen economy," an energy infrastructure based on hydrogen. Since hydrogen can be produced without using fossil fuels, a move to such an economy has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy security. However, such a move also requires the advanced production, storage and usage techniques discussed in this book. Part one introduces the fundamentals of hydrogen production, storage, and distribution, including an overview of the development of the necessary infrastructure, an analysis of the potential environmental benefits, and a review of some important hydrogen production technologies in conventional, bio-based, and nuclear power plants. Part two focuses on hydrogen production from renewable resources, and includes chapters outlining the production of hydrogen through water electrolysis, photocatalysis, and bioengineered algae. Finally, part three covers hydrogen production using inorganic membrane reactors, the storage of hydrogen, fuel cell technology, and the potential of hydrogen as a fuel for transportation. Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution provides a detailed overview of the components and challenges of a hydrogen economy. This book is an invaluable resource for research and development professionals in the energy industry, as well as academics with an interest in this important subject. Reviews developments and research in this dynamic area Discusses the challenges of creating an infrastructure to store and distribute hydrogen Reviews the production of hydrogen using electrolysis and photo-catalytic methods

Structural Chemistry of Inorganic Actinide Compounds

Structural Chemistry of Inorganic Actinide Compounds
  • Author : Sergey Krivovichev,Peter Burns,Ivan Tananaev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-08
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 0080467911
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Summary : Structural Chemistry of Inorganic Actinide Compounds is a collection of 13 reviews on structural and coordination chemistry of actinide compounds. Within the last decade, these compounds have attracted considerable attention because of their importance for radioactive waste management, catalysis, ion-exchange and absorption applications, etc. Synthetic and natural actinide compounds are also of great environmental concern as they form as a result of alteration of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste under Earth surface conditions, during burn-up of nuclear fuel in reactors, represent oxidation products of uranium miles and mine tailings, etc. The actinide compounds are also of considerable interest to material scientists due to the unique electronic properties of actinides that give rise to interesting physical properties controlled by the structural architecture of respective compounds. The book provides both general overview and review of recent developments in the field, including such emergent topics as nanomaterials and nanoparticles and their relevance to the transfer of actinides under environmental conditions. * Covers over 2,000 actinide compounds including materials, minerals and coordination polymers * Summarizes recent achievements in the field * Some chapters reveal (secret) advances made by the Soviet Union during the 'Cold war'

Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
  • Author : Russian Academy of Sciences,Russian Committee on the Internationalization of the Civilian Nuclear Fuel Cycle,National Research Council,National Academy of Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on International Security and Arms Control,U.S. Committee on the Internationalization of the Civilian Nuclear Fuel Cycle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-26
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 0309185947
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Summary : The so-called nuclear renaissance has increased worldwide interest in nuclear power. This potential growth also has increased, in some quarters, concern that nonproliferation considerations are not being given sufficient attention. In particular, since introduction of many new power reactors will lead to requiring increased uranium enrichment services to provide the reactor fuel, the proliferation risk of adding enrichment facilities in countries that do not have them now led to proposals to provide the needed fuel without requiring indigenous enrichment facilities. Similar concerns exist for reprocessing facilities. Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle summarizes key issues and analyses of the topic, offers some criteria for evaluating options, and makes findings and recommendations to help the United States, the Russian Federation, and the international community reduce proliferation and other risks, as nuclear power is used more widely. This book is intended for all those who are concerned about the need for assuring fuel for new reactors and at the same time limiting the spread of nuclear weapons. This audience includes the United States and Russia, other nations that currently supply nuclear material and technology, many other countries contemplating starting or growing nuclear power programs, and the international organizations that support the safe, secure functioning of the international nuclear fuel cycle, most prominently the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry

Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-29
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780444636829
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Summary : Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry provides timely and critical reviews of important topics in computational chemistry as applied to all chemical disciplines. Topics covered include quantum chemistry, molecular mechanics, force fields, chemical education, and applications in academic and industrial settings. Focusing on the most recent literature and advances in the field, each article covers a specific topic of importance to computational chemists. Quantum chemistry Molecular mechanics Force fields Chemical education and applications in academic and industrial settings

The Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Waste Disposal

The Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Waste Disposal
  • Author : Donald R. Wiles
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 2553010257
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Summary : This volume carefully describes the nature of radioactivity and of nuclear power and discusses in detail the management of radioactive waste by the multi-barrier system, but also takes an unusual approach to assessing the risks. Using knowledge of the chemical properties of the various radionuclides in spent fuel, this book follows each of the important radionuclides as it travels through the many barriers placed in its path. It turns out that only two radionuclides are able to reach the biosphere, and they arrive at the earth's surface only after many thousands of years. A careful analysis of the critical points of the disposal plant emphasizes site rejection criteria and other stages at which particular care must be taken, demonstrating how dangers can be anticipated and putting to rest the fear of nuclear fuel waste and its geological burial.

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Optimization

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Optimization
  • Author : P. Silvennoinen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9781483145549
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Summary : Nuclear Fuel Cycle Optimization: Methods and Modelling Techniques discusses applicable methods for analysis of fuel cycle logistics and optimization and evaluation of the economics of various reactor strategies. The opening chapter covers the nuclear fuel cycle, while the next chapter tackles uranium supply and demand. Chapter 3 discusses basic model of the light water reactor (LWR). The fourth chapter talks about the resolution of uncertainties, and the fifth chapter discusses the assessment of proliferation risks. Chapter 6 covers multigoal optimization, while Chapter 7 deals with the generalized fuel cycle models. The eighth chapter covers reactor strategy calculations, whereas the last chapter discusses interface with energy strategy. The book will appeal to students of energy economics or of nuclear engineering.

The Future of Nuclear Fuel Cycle

The Future of Nuclear Fuel Cycle
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :237
  • ISBN : 0982800843
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Summary : "In this analysis we have presented a method that provides insight into future fuel cycle alternatives by clarifying the complexity of choosing an appropriate fuel cycle in the context of the distribution of burdens and benefits between generations. The current nuclear power deployment practices, together with three future fuel cycles were assessed."--Page 227.

Frontiers of Chemistry

Frontiers of Chemistry
  • Author : Keith J. Laidler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9781483157740
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Summary : Frontiers of Chemistry reviews the plenary and keynote lectures presented in the 28th International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Congress. The book discusses the future development and applications of chemistry. The text is divided into two main parts, where the first part covers the plenary lectures and the second part covers the keynote lectures. Part 2 is organized into sections, according to contents, such as the role of chemistry in the solution of energy problems; the study of the environment; and the beneficiation of resources. The book will be of great interest to chemists, since it tackles topics that are significant in the advancement of the field of chemistry.

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts

ERDA Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : United States. Energy Research and Development Administration
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048721263
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Summary :

Advances in Carbon Management Technologies

Advances in Carbon Management Technologies
  • Author : Subhas Sikdar,Frank Princiotta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-19
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9780429513329
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Summary : Advances in Carbon Management Technologies comprises 43 chapters contributed by experts from all over the world. Volume 1 of the book, containing 23 chapters, discusses the status of technologies capable of yielding substantial reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from major combustion sources. Such technologies include renewable energy sources that can replace fossil fuels and technologies to capture CO2 after fossil fuel combustion or directly from the atmosphere, with subsequent permanent long-term storage. The introductory chapter emphasizes the gravity of the issues related to greenhouse gas emissionglobal temperature correlation, the state of the art of key technologies and the necessary emission reductions needed to meet international warming targets. Section 1 deals with global challenges associated with key fossil fuel mitigation technologies, including removing CO2 from the atmosphere, and emission measurements. Section 2 presents technological choices for coal, petroleum, and natural gas for the purpose of reducing carbon footprints associated with the utilization of such fuels. Section 3 deals with promising contributions of alternatives to fossil fuels, such as hydropower, nuclear, solar photovoltaics, and wind. Chapters 19 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license. The links can be found on the book's Routledge web page at https://www.routledge.com//9780367198428

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2016

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2016
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105050684427
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Summary :

Congressional Budget Request

Congressional Budget Request
  • Author : United States. Department of Energy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1980
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105211275230
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Summary :

Solid Fuel Blending

Solid Fuel Blending
  • Author : David A. Tillman,Dao N.B. Duong,N. Stanley Harding
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :335
  • ISBN : 9780123809322
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Summary : Create affordable solid fuel blends that will burn efficiently while reducing the carbon footprint. Solid Fuel Blending Handbook: Principles, Practices, and Problems describes a new generation of solid fuel blending processes. The book includes discussions on such topics as flame structure and combustion performance, boiler efficiency, capacity as influenced by flue gas volume and temperature, slagging and fouling, corrosion, and emissions. Attention is given to the major types of combustion systems including stokers, pulverized coal, cyclone, and fluidized bed boilers. Specific topics considered include chlorine in one or more coals, alkali metals (e.g., K, Na) and alkali earth elements, and related topics. Coals of consideration include Appalachian, Interior Province, and Western bituminous coals; Powder River Basin (PRB) and other subbituminous coals; Fort Union and Gulf Coast lignites, and many of the off-shore coals (e.g., Adaro coal, an Indonesian subbituminous coal with very low sulfur; other off-shore coals from Germany, Poland, Australia, South Africa, Columbia, and more). Interactions between fuels and the potential for blends to be different from the parent coals will be a critical focus of this of the book. One stop source to solid fuel types and blending processes Evaluate combustion systems and calculate their efficiency Recognize the interactions between fuels and their potential energy output Be aware of the Environmental Aspects of Fuel Blending

Nuclear Material Performance

Nuclear Material Performance
  • Author : Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-29
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 9789535124474
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Summary : Assessing and improving nuclear material performance is a crucial subject for the sustainability of the nuclear energy and radioactive isotope supplies. This book aims to present research efforts used to identify nuclear materials performances in different areas. The contributions of esteemed international experts have covered important research aspects in fission and fusion technologies and naturally occurring radioactive materials management. The authors introduced current and anticipated trends toward better performances and mitigating challenges for commercial application of innovative technologies, biological remediation of mine effluents, nuclear fuel performance in power and research fission reactors, gamma ray spectrometer calibration, and recent advances in understanding the performance of tungsten composite in fusion reactor environment.

Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry

Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry
  • Author : Ruren Xu,Yan Xu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-11
  • Total pages :808
  • ISBN : 9780444635952
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Summary : Modern Inorganic Synthetic Chemistry, Second Edition captures, in five distinct sections, the latest advancements in inorganic synthetic chemistry, providing materials chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists with a valuable reference source to help them advance their research efforts and achieve breakthroughs. Section one includes six chapters centering on synthetic chemistry under specific conditions, such as high-temperature, low-temperature and cryogenic, hydrothermal and solvothermal, high-pressure, photochemical and fusion conditions. Section two focuses on the synthesis and related chemistry problems of highly distinct categories of inorganic compounds, including superheavy elements, coordination compounds and coordination polymers, cluster compounds, organometallic compounds, inorganic polymers, and nonstoichiometric compounds. Section three elaborates on the synthetic chemistry of five important classes of inorganic functional materials, namely, ordered porous materials, carbon materials, advanced ceramic materials, host-guest materials, and hierarchically structured materials. Section four consists of four chapters where the synthesis of functional inorganic aggregates is discussed, giving special attention to the growth of single crystals, assembly of nanomaterials, and preparation of amorphous materials and membranes. The new edition’s biggest highlight is Section five where the frontier in inorganic synthetic chemistry is reviewed by focusing on biomimetic synthesis and rationally designed synthesis. Focuses on the chemistry of inorganic synthesis, assembly, and organization of wide-ranging inorganic systems Covers all major methodologies of inorganic synthesis Provides state-of-the-art synthetic methods Includes real examples in the organization of complex inorganic functional materials Contains more than 4000 references that are all highly reflective of the latest advancement in inorganic synthetic chemistry Presents a comprehensive coverage of the key issues involved in modern inorganic synthetic chemistry as written by experts in the field