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Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants

Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants
  • Author : Tadashi Tanuma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-15
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780081003251
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Summary : Advances in Steam Turbines for Modern Power Plants provides an authoritative review of steam turbine design optimization, analysis and measurement, the development of steam turbine blades, and other critical components, including turbine retrofitting and steam turbines for renewable power plants. As a very large proportion of the world’s electricity is currently generated in systems driven by steam turbines, (and will most likely remain the case in the future) with steam turbines operating in fossil-fuel, cogeneration, combined cycle, integrated gasification combined cycle, geothermal, solar thermal, and nuclear plants across the world, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the research and work that has been completed over the past decades. Presents an in-depth review on steam turbine design optimization, analysis, and measurement Written by a range of experts in the area Provides an overview of turbine retrofitting and advanced applications in power generation

Thermal Power Plants

Thermal Power Plants
  • Author : Paweł Madejski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-02
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9781789230789
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Summary : The demand for electricity and heat production is still largely covered by conventional thermal power plants based on fossil fuel combustion. Thermal power stations face a big challenge to meet the environmental requirements constantly keeping high process efficiency and avoiding lifetime shortening of critical components. In recent years, many activities have been observed to reduce pollutant emissions and optimize performance in thermal power plants. Increased share of renewable sources of energy in domestic markets enforces flexible operation and fast adjustment to actual demand. Gas power plants start to play a very important role in this process, allowing for rapid change of load and emission reduction. Operation under changing load together with keeping emissions at the accurate level requires constantly introducing new solutions and technologies as well as carrying out many research and development activities for optimization of the electricity and heat production process. The edited book is aimed to present new technologies, innovative solutions, measurement techniques, tools and computational methods dedicated to thermal power plants in the light of new trends and challenges.

Steam Turbines for Modern Fossil-Fuel Power Plants

Steam Turbines for Modern Fossil-Fuel Power Plants
  • Author : Alexander S. Leyzerovich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-18
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9788770222679
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Summary : Presenting the newest approaches to the design and operation of steam turbines, this book also explores modern techniques for refurbishment of aging units. It covers recent engineering breakthroughs and new approaches to transient operating conditions, as well as improved information support for operational personnel. An authoritative guide for power plant engineers, operators, owners and designers on all of these crucial developments, this book fully describes and evaluates the most important new design and operational improvement opportunities for the full spectrum of today's steam turbines – from the newest and most advanced to the more common existing systems.

Gas Turbines for Electric Power Generation

Gas Turbines for Electric Power Generation
  • Author : S. Can Gülen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-28
  • Total pages :723
  • ISBN : 9781108416658
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Summary : Everything you wanted to know about industrial gas turbines for electric power generation in one source with hard-to-find, hands-on technical information.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook
  • Author : Swapan Basu,Ajay Kumar Debnath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-10
  • Total pages :942
  • ISBN : 9780128011737
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Summary : The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument. Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India

Steam Generation from Biomass

Steam Generation from Biomass
  • Author : Esa Kari Vakkilainen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-24
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9780128044070
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Summary : Steam Generation from Biomass: Construction and Design of Large Boilers provides in-depth coverage of steam generator engineering for biomass combustion. It presents the design process and the necessary information needed for an understanding of not only the function of different components of a steam generator, but also what design choices have been made. Professor Vakkilainen explores each particular aspect of steam generator design from the point-of-view of pressure part design, mechanical design, layout design, process design, performance optimization, and cost optimization. Topics such as fuels and their emissions, steam-water circulation, auxiliary equipment, availability and reliability, measurements and control, manufacture, erection, and inspection are covered. Special attention is given to recovery boilers and fluidized bed boilers, and automated design and dimensioning calculation spreadsheets are available for download at the book’s companion website. This book is intended for both design engineers and steam boiler operators, as well as those involved in plant management and equipment purchasing. Provides a complete overview of biomass steam boilers, including processes, phenomena, and nomenclature Presents a clear view of how biomass boilers differ from fossil fuel boilers Covers the most used types of large-scale biomass boilers, including recovery boilers, fluidized bed boilers, and auxiliary equipment Includes a companion website with spreadsheets, calculation examples, and automatic calculation tools for design and dimensioning

Progress in Gas Turbine Performance

Progress in Gas Turbine Performance
  • Author : Ernesto Benini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-19
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9789535111665
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Summary : There has been a remarkable difference in the research and development regarding gas turbine technology for transportation and power generation. The former remains substantially florid and unaltered with respect to the past as the superiority of air-breathing engines compared to other technologies is by far immense. On the other hand, the world of gas turbines (GTs) for power generation is indeed characterized by completely different scenarios in so far as new challenges are coming up in the latest energy trends, where both a reduction in the use of carbon-based fuels and the raising up of renewables are becoming more and more important factors. While being considered a key technology for base-load operations for many years, modern stationary gas turbines are in fact facing the challenge to balance electricity from variable renewables with that from flexible conventional power plants. The book intends in fact to provide an updated picture as well as a perspective view of some of the abovementioned issues that characterize GT technology in the two different applications: aircraft propulsion and stationary power generation. Therefore, the target audience for it involves design, analyst, materials and maintenance engineers. Also manufacturers, researchers and scientists will benefit from the timely and accurate information provided in this volume. The book is organized into three main sections including 10 chapters overall: (i) Gas Turbine and Component Performance, (ii) Gas Turbine Combustion and (iii) Fault Detection in Systems and Materials.

Geothermal Power Plants

Geothermal Power Plants
  • Author : Ronald DiPippo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-08
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780080554761
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Summary : Ron DiPippo, Professor Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, is a world-regarded geothermal expert. This single resource covers all aspects of the utilization of geothermal energy for power generation from fundamental scientific and engineering principles. The thermodynamic basis for the design of geothermal power plants is at the heart of the book and readers are clearly guided on the process of designing and analysing the key types of geothermal energy conversion systems. Its practical emphasis is enhanced by the use of case studies from real plants that increase the reader's understanding of geothermal energy conversion and provide a unique compilation of hard-to-obtain data and experience. An important new chapter covers Environmental Impact and Abatement Technologies, including gaseous and solid emissions; water, noise and thermal pollutions; land usage; disturbance of natural hydrothermal manifestations, habitats and vegetation; minimisation of CO2 emissions and environmental impact assessment. The book is illustrated with over 240 photographs and drawings. Nine chapters include practice problems, with solutions, which enable the book to be used as a course text. Also includes a definitive worldwide compilation of every geothermal power plant that has operated, unit by unit, plus a concise primer on the applicable thermodynamics. * Engineering principles are at the heart of the book, with complete coverage of the thermodynamic basis for the design of geothermal power systems * Practical applications are backed up by an extensive selection of case studies that show how geothermal energy conversion systems have been designed, applied and exploited in practice * World renowned geothermal expert DiPippo has including a new chapter on Environmental Impact and Abatement Technology in this new edition

Blade Design and Analysis for Steam Turbines

Blade Design and Analysis for Steam Turbines
  • Author : Murari Singh,George Lucas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-22
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780071635738
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Summary : THE LATEST STEAM TURBINE BLADE DESIGN AND ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Blade Design and Analysis for Steam Turbines provides a concise reference for practicing engineers involved in the design, specification, and evaluation of industrial steam turbines, particularly critical process compressor drivers. A unified view of blade design concepts and techniques is presented. The book covers advances in modal analysis, fatigue and creep analysis, and aerodynamic theories, along with an overview of commonly used materials and manufacturing processes. This authoritative guide will aid in the design of powerful, efficient, and reliable turbines. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Performance fundamentals and blade loading determination Turbine blade construction, materials, and manufacture System of stress and damage mechanisms Fundamentals of vibration Damping concepts applicable to turbine blades Bladed disk systems Reliability evaluation for blade design Blade life assessment aspects Estimation of risk

Advances in Steam Turbine Technology for the Power Generation Industry

Advances in Steam Turbine Technology for the Power Generation Industry
  • Author : William G. Moore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : UOM:39015032293022
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Summary :

Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants

Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants
  • Author : Augusto Di Gianfrancesco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-01
  • Total pages :900
  • ISBN : 9780081005583
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Summary : Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants provides researchers in academia and industry with an essential overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for key process components, such as membrane wall tubes, high-pressure steam piping and headers, superheater tubes, forged rotors, cast components, and bolting and blading for steam turbines in USC power plants. Advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels, are also addressed. Chapters on international research directions complete the volume. The transition from conventional subcritical to supercritical thermal power plants greatly increased power generation efficiency. Now the introductions of the ultra-supercritical (USC) and, in the near future, advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) designs are further efforts to reduce fossil fuel consumption in power plants and the associated carbon dioxide emissions. The higher operating temperatures and pressures found in these new plant types, however, necessitate the use of advanced materials. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative and systematic overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for both ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical power plants Covers materials for critical components in ultra-supercritical power plants, such as boilers, rotors, and turbine blades Addresses advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels Includes chapters on technologies for welding technologies

Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCO2) Based Power Cycles

Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCO2) Based Power Cycles
  • Author : Klaus Brun,Peter Friedman,Richard Dennis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-09
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9780081008058
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Summary : Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCO2) Based Power Cycles aims to provide engineers and researchers with an authoritative overview of research and technology in this area. Part One introduces the technology and reviews the properties of SCO2 relevant to power cycles. Other sections of the book address components for SCO2 power cycles, such as turbomachinery expanders, compressors, recuperators, and design challenges, such as the need for high-temperature materials. Chapters on key applications, including waste heat, nuclear power, fossil energy, geothermal and concentrated solar power are also included. The final section addresses major international research programs. Readers will learn about the attractive features of SC02 power cycles, which include a lower capital cost potential than the traditional cycle, and the compounding performance benefits from a more efficient thermodynamic cycle on balance of plant requirements, fuel use, and emissions. Represents the first book to focus exclusively on SC02 power cycles Contains detailed coverage of cycle fundamentals, key components, and design challenges Addresses the wide range of applications of SC02 power cycles, from more efficient electricity generation, to ship propulsion

Logan's Turbomachinery

Logan's Turbomachinery
  • Author : Bijay Sultanian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :319
  • ISBN : 9781351850278
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Summary : Logan's Turbomachinery: Flowpath Design and Performance Fundamentals, Third Edition is the long-awaited revision of this classic textbook, thoroughly updated by Dr. Bijay Sultanian. While the basic concepts remain constant, turbomachinery design has advanced since the Second Edition was published in 1993. Airfoils in modern turbomachines feature three-dimensional geometries, Computational Fluid Mechanics (CFD) has become a standard design tool, and major advances have been made in the materials and manufacturing technologies that affect turbomachinery design. The new edition adresses these trends to best serve today's students, and design engineers working in turbomachinery industries.

Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems

Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems
  • Author : Ennio Macchi,Marco Astolfi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-24
  • Total pages :698
  • ISBN : 9780081005118
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Summary : Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems: Technologies and Applications provides a systematic and detailed description of organic Rankine cycle technologies and the way they are increasingly of interest for cost-effective sustainable energy generation. Popular applications include cogeneration from biomass and electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, as well as waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes. With hundreds of ORC power systems already in operation and the market growing at a fast pace, this is an active and engaging area of scientific research and technical development. The book is structured in three main parts: (i) Introduction to ORC Power Systems, Design and Optimization, (ii) ORC Plant Components, and (iii) Fields of Application. Provides a thorough introduction to ORC power systems Contains detailed chapters on ORC plant components Includes a section focusing on ORC design and optimization Reviews key applications of ORC technologies, including cogeneration from biomass, electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes Various chapters are authored by well-known specialists from Academia and ORC manufacturers

Advanced Piping Design

Advanced Piping Design
  • Author : Peter Smith,Rutger Botermans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-25
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9780127999869
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Summary : Advanced Piping Design is an intermediate-level handbook covering guidelines and procedures on process plants and interconnecting piping systems. As a follow up with Smith’s best-selling work published in 2007 by Gulf Publishing Company, The Fundamentals of Piping Design, this handbook contributes more customized information on the necessary process equipment required for a suitable plant layout, such as pumps, compressors, heat exchangers, tanks, cooling towers and more! While integrating equipment with all critical design considerations, these two volumes together are must-haves for any engineer continuing to learn about piping design and process equipment.

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-19
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 9780521866439
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Summary : IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants

Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants
  • Author : Ramaswamy Viswanathan,David Gandy,Kent Coleman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-01
  • Total pages :1364
  • ISBN : 9781615031092
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Summary :

Coal

Coal
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Coal Research, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-21
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 0309134137
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Summary : Coal will continue to provide a major portion of energy requirements in the United States for at least the next several decades. It is imperative that accurate information describing the amount, location, and quality of the coal resources and reserves be available to fulfill energy needs. It is also important that the United States extract its coal resources efficiently, safely, and in an environmentally responsible manner. A renewed focus on federal support for coal-related research, coordinated across agencies and with the active participation of the states and industrial sector, is a critical element for each of these requirements. Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal utilization.

Thermal Power Plants

Thermal Power Plants
  • Author : Xingrang Liu,Ramesh Bansal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-19
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781498708234
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Summary : Thermal Power Plants: Modeling, Control, and Efficiency Improvement explains how to solve highly complex industry problems regarding identification, control, and optimization through integrating conventional technologies, such as modern control technology, computational intelligence-based multiobjective identification and optimization, distributed computing, and cloud computing with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technology. Introducing innovative methods utilized in industrial applications, explored in scientific research, and taught at leading academic universities, this book: Discusses thermal power plant processes and process modeling, energy conservation, performance audits, efficiency improvement modeling, and efficiency optimization supported by high-performance computing integrated with cloud computing Shows how to simulate fossil fuel power plant real-time processes, including boiler, turbine, and generator systems Provides downloadable source codes for use in CORBA C++, MATLAB®, Simulink®, VisSim, Comsol, ANSYS, and ANSYS Fluent modeling software Although the projects in the text focus on industry automation in electrical power engineering, the methods can be applied in other industries, such as concrete and steel production for real-time process identification, control, and optimization.

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Committee on Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-19
  • Total pages :136
  • ISBN : 9780309664226
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Summary : Leadership in gas turbine technologies is of continuing importance as the value of gas turbine production is projected to grow substantially by 2030 and beyond. Power generation, aviation, and the oil and gas industries rely on advanced technologies for gas turbines. Market trends including world demographics, energy security and resilience, decarbonization, and customer profiles are rapidly changing and influencing the future of these industries and gas turbine technologies. Technology trends that define the technological environment in which gas turbine research and development will take place are also changing - including inexpensive, large scale computational capabilities, highly autonomous systems, additive manufacturing, and cybersecurity. It is important to evaluate how these changes influence the gas turbine industry and how to manage these changes moving forward. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines identifies high-priority opportunities for improving and creating advanced technologies that can be introduced into the design and manufacture of gas turbines to enhance their performance. The goals of this report are to assess the 2030 gas turbine global landscape via analysis of global leadership, market trends, and technology trends that impact gas turbine applications, develop a prioritization process, define high-priority research goals, identify high-priority research areas and topics to achieve the specified goals, and direct future research. Findings and recommendations from this report are important in guiding research within the gas turbine industry and advancing electrical power generation, commercial and military aviation, and oil and gas production.

Combined Cycle Systems for Near-Zero Emission Power Generation

Combined Cycle Systems for Near-Zero Emission Power Generation
  • Author : Ashok D Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-12
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780857096180
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Summary : Combined cycle power plants are one of the most promising ways of improving fossil-fuel and biomass energy production. The combination of a gas and steam turbine working in tandem to produce power makes this type of plant highly efficient and allows for CO2 capture and sequestration before combustion. This book provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants. After introductory chapters on basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design, the book reviews the main types of combined cycle system. Chapters discuss the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) as well as novel humid air cycle, oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems. The book also reviews pressurised fluidized bed combustion (PFBC), externally fired combined cycle (EFCC), hybrid fuel cell turbine (FC/GT), combined cycle and integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) systems. The final chapter reviews techno-economic analysis of combined cycle systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Combined cycle systems for near-zero emission power generation is a standard reference for both industry practitioners and academic researchers seeking to improve the efficiency and environmental impact of power plants. Provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants Introduces basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design and reviews the main types of combined cycle systems Discusses the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) systems and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems, as well as novel humid air cycle systems and oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems