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Advances in Yarn Spinning Technology

Advances in Yarn Spinning Technology
  • Author : C A Lawrence
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-27
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780857090218
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Summary : This book provides an invaluable single source of information on the advances in yarn spinning technologies. Advanced spinning systems are described and comparisons are made of the properties of the yarns produced, and resultant finished products, with those from conventional systems. Part one provides an introduction to yarn fibre spinning and structure. Chapters discuss the principles of ring spinning and open-end spinning of yarns. Yarn structure and properties from different spinning techniques and yarn structural requirements for knitted and woven fabrics are also examined. Part two covers advances in particular yarn spinning technologies. Topics range from siro spinning to compact spinning technology and air-jet spinning. Final chapters explore how to minimise fibre damage which occur during spinning and the use of spin finishes for textiles. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Advances in yarn spinning technology is an important text for spinners, yarn manufacturers and fabric producers, as well as researchers, technicians, engineers and technologists in this sector of the textile industry. Documents advances in spinning technologies and presents comparisons between systems Assesses particular textile spinning technologies with specific chapters focusing on siro, compact, rotor, friction and air-jet spinning Reviews measures to minimise fibre damage caused by spinning are investigated with specific relevance to rotor and friction spinning

Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers

Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers
  • Author : Dong Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-15
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9780857099174
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Summary : Advances in Filament Yarn Spinning of Textiles and Polymers reviews the different types of spinning techniques for synthetic polymer-based fibers, and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning. Synthetic polymer-based fibers are used in a great variety of consumer and industrial textile applications ranging from clothing to home furnishings to surgical procedures. This book explores how a wide array of spinning techniques can be applied in the textile industry. Part one considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning. The book then discusses developments in technologies for manufacturing synthetic polymer films to produce different fibers with specialized properties. Part two focuses on spinning techniques, including the benefits and limitations of melt spinning and the use of gel spinning to produce high-strength and high-elastic fibers. These chapters focus specifically on developments in bi-component, bi-constituent, and electro-spinning, in particular the fabrication of nanocomposite fibers. The final chapters review integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning. This collection is an important reference for a wide range of industrial textile technologists, including spinners, fabric and garment manufacturers, and students of textile technology. It is also of great interest for polymer scientists. Reviews the different spinning techniques and issues such as their effect on fiber properties, including melt, dry, wet, and gel spinning Considers the fundamental structure and properties of fibers that determine their behavior during spinning Reviews integrated composite spinning of yarns and the principles of wet and dry spinning

Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology

Advanced Fiber Spinning Technology
  • Author : T. Nakajima,K. Kajiwara,J. E. McIntyre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-01-15
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 1855731827
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Summary : Translated from Japanese, this book details some of the most interesting developments of the last few decades in the field of fibre manufacture. Many of these have been the result of intensive study in industry and research institutes in Japan - the country at the forefront of research in fibre spinning technology.

Technical Textile Yarns

Technical Textile Yarns
  • Author : R Alagirusamy,Apurba Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-06-30
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9781845699475
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Summary : Technical yarns are produced for the manufacture of technical textiles. As the range of technical textiles is rapidly increasing, an understanding of the range of yarns available and their properties is important, in order to be able to meet the requirements of the intended end-use. Part one of the book begins by reviewing the advances in yarn production. Topics examine the advances in textile yarn spinning, modification of textile yarn structures, yarn hairiness and its reduction and coatings for technical textile yarns. The second group of chapters describes the range of technical yarns, such as electro-conductive textile yarns, novel yarns and plasma treated yarns for biomedical applications. Technical sewing threads and biodegradable textile yarns are also discussed. Technical textile yarns provides essential reading for yarn and fabric manufacturers, textile scientists, technicians, engineers and technologists, covering a wide range of areas within textile applications. This book will also be an important information source for academics and students. Provides a comprehensive overview of the variety of technical textile yarns available along with individual characteristics and production methods Documents advances in textile yarn spinning and texturising featuring compact, rotor and friction spinning Assesses different types of technical yarns including plasma-treated yarns for biomedical applications and hybrid yarns for thermoplastic composites

Advances in Wool Technology

Advances in Wool Technology
  • Author : N A G Johnson,I Russell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-22
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781845695460
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Summary : Advanced research into wool science and technology is leading to a better understanding of the properties of wool. Wool is increasingly being seen as a high performance fibre, with new modifications and applications. Advances in wool technology presents a comprehensive account of these developments and innovations. Part one includes advances that have occurred in the production and processing of wool. Topics range from the progress in wool spinning, weaving and colouration, to environmental supply chain management and to the role of genetic engineering in improved wool production. Part two reviews new wool products and applications. Chapters include the production of brighter and whiter wool, high performance wool blends and wool for apparel. With its two distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve and understand developments in wool technology. It will also be suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Presents a comprehensive account of recent developments and innovation surrounding the high performance fibre Examines advances in wool production and processing from wool spinning to genetic engineering in improved production Considers environmental supply chain management

Mechanics of Rotor Spinning Machines

Mechanics of Rotor Spinning Machines
  • Author : Prof. Dr. Eng. Ibrahim Abdou Elhawary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-15
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9781315353951
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Summary : This book explores the mechanics of rotor spinning machines. It discusses the open-end spinning machine rotor’s vibrations and bearings as well as the kinematics of the rotor's drive as individual drive or central drive, both as a reducing drive and multiplying drive. It examines explanations for the rotor's power requirements through different techniques such as Shirley institute (UK) and Zurich Federal Institute. It also covers power distribution inside the machine, different mechanisms of the machine, and air flow inside the spinning machine.

Fibres to Smart Textiles

Fibres to Smart Textiles
  • Author : Asis Patnaik,Sweta Patnaik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-08
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9780429821936
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Summary : Fibres to Smart Textiles: Advances in Manufacturing, Technologies, and Applications offers comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and advances in the textile and clothing manufacturing sectors. It describes the basics of fibres, yarns, and fabrics and their end use in the latest developments and applications in the field and addresses environmental impacts from textile processes and how to minimize them. This book serves as a single comprehensive source discussing textile fibres, yarn formation, filament formation techniques, woven fabric formation, knitting technologies, nonwoven manufacturing technologies, braiding technologies, and dyeing, printing, and finishing processes. Testing of textile materials, environmental impacts of textile processes and use of CAD and CAM in designing textile products are also included. The book also discusses applications including textile composites and biocomposites, technical textiles, smart textiles, and nanotextiles. With chapters authored by textile experts, this practical book offers guidance to professionals in textile and clothing manufacturing and shows how to avoid potential pitfalls in product development.

Spun Yarn Technology

Spun Yarn Technology
  • Author : Eric Oxtoby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781483161808
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Summary : Spun Yarn Technology provides a comprehensive review of the principles of spun yarn technology. Chapters are devoted to topics on spun yarn technology such as yarn production, properties of yarn, opening and cleaning loose fibers, fiber blending, the process of carding, and roller drafting, doubling, and fiber control. The spinning process, yarn folding, yarn preparation (winding, tensioning, splicing, and steaming and storage), and the kinds of specialty yarn are presented as well. Textile technologists will find the text very useful.

Carbon Nanotube Fibres and Yarns

Carbon Nanotube Fibres and Yarns
  • Author : Menghe Miao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-14
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780081027752
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Summary : Carbon Nanotube Fibres and Yarns for Smart Textiles: Production, Properties and Applications in Smart Textiles explains the relevance of carbon nanotube science and provides new insights on this emerging, high-performance textile material. Particular emphasis is placed on applications in smart textiles and wearable electronics applications, such as flexible sensors, actuators and energy sources. This collection examines the state-of-the-art in carbon nanotube (CNT) research, providing guidance for anyone who is exploring problems where CNTs may provide design solutions. Finally, the book addresses advances in yarn spinning methods, yarn structures and properties. Drawing on his experience in the textile industry, the book's editor presents academic research in a way that is comprehensible and useful to materials scientists and engineers in practice. Explains how carbon nanotube science can meet the challenging requirements of important and emerging smart textiles and wearable electronics applications Reviews and analyzes key developments on CNT yarn spinning methods, yarn structures and properties, and proposed applications Addresses the potential applications of CNT yarns and nanocomposite fibers

Advances in Wool Technology

Advances in Wool Technology
  • Author : N A G Johnson,I Russell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-22
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781845695460
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Summary : Advanced research into wool science and technology is leading to a better understanding of the properties of wool. Wool is increasingly being seen as a high performance fibre, with new modifications and applications. Advances in wool technology presents a comprehensive account of these developments and innovations. Part one includes advances that have occurred in the production and processing of wool. Topics range from the progress in wool spinning, weaving and colouration, to environmental supply chain management and to the role of genetic engineering in improved wool production. Part two reviews new wool products and applications. Chapters include the production of brighter and whiter wool, high performance wool blends and wool for apparel. With its two distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve and understand developments in wool technology. It will also be suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Presents a comprehensive account of recent developments and innovation surrounding the high performance fibre Examines advances in wool production and processing from wool spinning to genetic engineering in improved production Considers environmental supply chain management

Advances in Silk Science and Technology

Advances in Silk Science and Technology
  • Author : Arindam Basu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-30
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9781782423249
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Summary : The remarkable properties of silk fibres have gained them a prominent place in the field of technical textiles. Advances in Silk Science and Technology explores recent developments in silk processing, properties and applications. Techniques for manufacturing spider silk are also discussed and the current and future applications of this fibre are reviewed. Part One focuses on the properties and processing of silk from both silkworms and spiders. It addresses recent advances in our understanding of the properties of silk and offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing, as well as an analysis of quality testing for silk fibres, yarns and fabrics. Part Two then addresses important applications of silk from silkworms and spiders, and includes chapters on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial. The book concludes with a chapter on developments in the use of silk waste. Reviews the properties of silk from both silkworms and spiders Offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing Cover a range of applications, including on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial

Cotton Science and Processing Technology

Cotton Science and Processing Technology
  • Author : Hua Wang,Hafeezullah Memon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-08
  • Total pages :565
  • ISBN : 9789811591693
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Summary : This book summarizes all different fields of cotton fiber, including genetics, fiber chemistry, soft materials, textile, and fashion engineering. It also contains some new applications such as biomaterials, nanocoated smart fabrics, and functional textiles. Moreover, the significant improvement recently in gene modification and gene technology is introduced. This book discusses all these aspects in a more straightforward way, and new illustrations will help readers to understand the contents. It is intended for undergraduate and graduate students who are interested in cotton science and processing technologies, researchers investigating the updated applications of cotton in various fields as well as industrialists who want to have a quick review of the cotton and its different stages.

Textiles

Textiles
  • Author : Boris Mahltig
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 1536128554
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Summary : Textile materials or materials made from textiles are probably among the most important materials in the world. Textile materials are not only present everywhere in modern daily life, but have been for thousands of years. Besides obvious textile applications such as clothes or hometextile there are also many more hidden applications. For example, textile filters, textiles in production processes or composite materials are just a few ways that they can be applied. Altogether, it is implied that modern civilization without textiles is not possible. This book is dedicated to the advances in textile research and application. Here, readers must keep in mind that the final textile in the final application is the product of many different production steps, which is known as the textile chain. Many different disciplines contribute to this textile chain, such as chemistry and machine engineering but also less obvious influences like agricultural science in terms of cotton or wool fiber production. The life of a textile material starts with fiber production; this can be a natural process for plant fibers, animal fibers or regenerated fibers from natural resources. In contrast, chemical fibers see their origin via chemical synthesis. After fiber production, yarn production follows, which is in the field of spinning technology. From the yarn comes the textile materials as fabrics or non-wovens are produced using processes such as weaving, knitting, braiding, etc. These textile products are further modified by dyeing and printing processes. Finishing is often also used to realize special functional properties on a textile product. Finally, the textile product is realized as either cloth, home textile or technical application. Besides technical aspects, design and marketing also play an important role. After following this summary, it is obvious that this book cannot cover every single aspect of textile and textile products. Therefore, this book headlines with every chapter a topic in the area of textile research and application, which is a topic in actual scientific research but also in industrial development. The main topics include: microwave based processes, plasma technology, photoactive textiles, electrospinning, braiding processes, wool materials, coatings, textile functionalization, and UV-protective and light responsive materials This book is dedicated to readers from universities and industries that engage in some form of textile production. For the industry, it can help to promote ideas for new innovative processes and products. For university students especially graduates s it can help to broaden their expertise in very different fields of the textile world. Also, established scientists could benefit from this text to use as a tool to generate new ideas for further research.

Advanced Textile Materials

Advanced Textile Materials
  • Author : Xiao Ming Qian,Hua Wu Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-02
  • Total pages :2288
  • ISBN : 9783038136453
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS) This book, comprising internationally peer-reviewed papers, covers the subject areas of natural fibers, chemical fibers, fiber manufacturing technology, principles of textile design, structure, properties and processing of textile materials, measurement technology and instrumentation, non-woven materials, structure, properties and processing of non-woven materials, coloration technology, finishing technology, pollution control and treatment of dyeing and finishing, materials and their applications, materials processing technologies and other related topics. The volume will be of interest to anyone working in these fields.

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing
  • Author : Abhijit Majumdar,Apurba Das,R Alagirusamy,V K Kothari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-27
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780857095633
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Summary : Complex raw materials and manufacturing processes mean the textile industry is particularly dependent on good process control to produce high and consistent product quality. Monitoring and controlling process variables during the textile manufacturing process also minimises waste, costs and environmental impact. Process control in textile manufacturing provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods. Part one introduces key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing. Testing and statistical quality control are also discussed before part two goes on to consider control in fibre production and yarn manufacture. Chapters review process and quality control in natural and synthetic textile fibre cultivation, blowroom, carding, drawing and combing. Process control in ring and rotor spinning and maintenance of yarn spinning machines are also discussed. Finally part three explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a final discussion of process control in apparel manufacturing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Process control in textile manufacturing is an essential guide for textile engineers and manufacturers involved in the processing of textiles, as well as academic researchers in this field. Provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods Discusses key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing, before addressing testing and statistical quality control Explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a discussion on process control in apparel manufacturing

Woven Textiles

Woven Textiles
  • Author : Kim Gandhi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-01
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780081024980
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Summary : Woven Textiles: Principles, Technologies and Applications, Second Edition, is an essential guide to woven textiles. This new edition is updated and expanded to include major new application areas, as well as the latest developments and innovations in terms of fibers, yarns, fabrics, machinery and technology. Sections cover fibers and yarns used for weaving, key preparatory techniques, the fundamentals of weaving technology, the characteristics of woven structures, the use of computer assisted design (CAD) systems, techniques for modelling the structure of woven fabrics, methods for the manufacture of 3D woven structures, and the application of woven textiles in a range of technologies. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, this second edition will be an indispensable guide for all designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles, as well as for academics and researchers in the field of textiles. Provides extensive coverage of woven textiles, including their preparation, manufacture, woven structures and characteristics Presents the latest technical applications of woven textiles, such as transportation, geotextiles, medical applications, sports and leisure, filtration, and composite structures Enables the reader to understand the latest technological advances in the area of woven textiles

Manufactured Fibre Technology

Manufactured Fibre Technology
  • Author : V.B. Gupta,V.K. Kothari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-10-31
  • Total pages :661
  • ISBN : 0412540304
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Summary : Manufactured Fibre Technology provides an accessible and comprehensive treatment of the chemical, physical and mechanical processes involved in the production of all important commodity manufactured fibres and most of the industrial fibres. The emphasis is on the fundamental principles and industrial aspects of production. Latest developments in manufactured fibres in terms of manufacturing processes, characteristics and their applications are also covered. Manufactured Fibre Technology is designed around twenty chapters with a balance of basic principles and production of specific fibre types. Newer and industrially relevant areas such as high speed spinning, production of speciality fibres (including microfibres), computer simulation of spinning, high performance fibres, spun-bonding and melt-blowing, and re-use of fibre waste are included. The structure, property and application areas of each fibre type are also discussed, thus providing a broad understanding of the subject. In addition, various aspects related to the testing and characterisation of fibres and polymers are reviewed. This book is an invaluable resource to students, lecturers, industrial technologists and researchers in this subject area.

Handbook of Yarn Production

Handbook of Yarn Production
  • Author : Peter R. Lord
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-07-11
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781855738652
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Summary : Written by one of the world's leading experts, Handbook of yarn production: technology, science and economics is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to textile yarn manufacturing. The book is designed to allow readers to explore the subject in various levels of detail. The first three chapters provide an overview of yarn production, products and key principles. The major part of the book then reviews in detail the production processes for short-staple, long-staple and filament yarns.There are also chapters on quality control and the economics of staple-yarn production. The final part of the book consists of a series of appendices which provide in-depth analysis of key topics with detailed technical data and worked examples which is an invaluable reference in itself for anyone concerned with the behaviour, performance and economics of a textile mill. Handbook of yarn production: technology, science and economics is a standard work for both yarn manufacturers and those researching and studying in this important area of the textile industry. A practical and authoritative new handbook for yarn manufacturing Shows how problems can arise and how to deal with them Includes invaluable technical data, calculations, worked examples and case studies

Cotton

Cotton
  • Author : S. Gordon,Y L Hsieh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-22
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9781845692483
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Summary : Despite the increased variety of manufactured fibres available to the textile industry, demand for cotton remains high because of its suitability on the basis of price, quality and comfort across a wide range of textile products. Cotton producing nations are also embracing sustainable production practices to meet growing consumer demand for sustainable resource production. This important book provides a comprehensive analysis of the key scientific and technological advances that ensure the quality of cotton is maintained from the field to fabric. The first part of the book discusses the fundamental chemical and physical structure of cotton and its various properties. Advice is offered on measuring and ensuring the quality of cotton fibre. Building on these basics, Part two analyses various means for producing cotton such as genetic modification and organic production. Chapters focus on spinning, knitting and weaving technologies as well as techniques in dyeing. The final section of the book concludes with chapters concerned with practical aspects within the industry such as health and safety issues and recycling methods for used cotton. Written by an array of international experts within the field, Cotton: science and technology is an essential reference for all those concerned with the manufacture and quality control of cotton. Summarises key scientific and technological issues in ensuring cotton quality Discusses the fundamental chemical and physical structure of cotton Individual chapters focus on spinning, knitting and weaving technologies

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration
  • Author : Stephen M. Burkinshaw,Andrew Filarowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-08
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9781118725696
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Summary : The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

How to Spin

How to Spin
  • Author : Beth Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-08
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 9781612126135
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Summary : Expert Beth Smith teaches you everything you need to know to spin your own yarn, from choosing a spinning wheel to every stage of preparing your fiber, plying, winding off, and finishing. Fully illustrated step-by-step instructions make it simple and easy!