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Atmospheric Aerosols

Atmospheric Aerosols
  • Author : Claudio Tomasi,Sandro Fuzzi,Alexander Kokhanovsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-20
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9783527336456
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Summary : The book describes the morphological, physical and chemical properties of aerosols from various natural and anthropogenic sources to help the reader better understand the direct role of aerosol particles in scattering and absorbing short- and long-wave radiation.

Atmospheric Aerosols

Atmospheric Aerosols
  • Author : Olivier Boucher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-18
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9789401796491
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Summary : This textbook aims to be a one stop shop for those interested in aerosols and their impact on the climate system. It starts with some fundamentals on atmospheric aerosols, atmospheric radiation and cloud physics, then goes into techniques used for in-situ and remote sensing measurements of aerosols, data assimilation, and discusses aerosol-radiation interactions, aerosol-cloud interactions and the multiple impacts of aerosols on the climate system. The book aims to engage those interested in aerosols and their impacts on the climate system: graduate and PhD students, but also post-doctorate fellows who are new to the field or would like to broaden their knowledge. The book includes exercises at the end of most chapters. Atmospheric aerosols are small (microscopic) particles in suspension in the atmosphere, which play multiple roles in the climate system. They interact with the energy budget through scattering and absorption of solar and terrestrial radiation. They also serve as cloud condensation and ice nuclei with impacts on the formation, evolution and properties of clouds. Finally aerosols also interact with some biogeochemical cycles. Anthropogenic emissions of aerosols are responsible for a cooling effect that has masked part of the warming due to the increased greenhouse effect since pre-industrial time. Natural aerosols also respond to climate changes as shown by observations of past climates and modelling of the future climate.

Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interactions

Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interactions
  • Author : Peter V. Hobbs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-07-22
  • Total pages :235
  • ISBN : 9780080959962
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Summary : Aerosol and clouds play important roles in determining the earth's climate, in ways that we are only beginning to comprehend. In conjunction with molecular scattering from gases, aerosol and clouds determine in part what fraction of solar radiation reaches the earth's surface, and what fraction of the longwave radiation from the earth escapes to space. This book provides an overview of the latest research on atmospheric aerosol and clouds and their effects on global climate. Subjects reviewed include the direct and indirect effects of aerosol on climate, the radiative properties of clouds and their effects on the Earth's radiation balance, the incorporation of cloud effects in numerical weather prediction models, and stratospheric aerosol and clouds.

Aerosols and Climate

Aerosols and Climate
  • Author : Ken Carslaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-10-15
  • Total pages :650
  • ISBN : 0128197668
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Summary : The ever-diversifying field of aerosol effects on climate is comprehensively presented here, describing and illustrating the strong connection between fundamental research and model applications in a way that will allow both experienced researchers and those new to the field to gain understanding of a wide range of topics quickly and with confidence. Material is consistently presented at three levels for each topic: an accessible 'quick read' of the essentials, a more detailed description, and a section dedicated to how the processes are handled in models. Each chapter's section on modelling summarizes the current level of knowledge and what the gaps in this understanding mean for the effects of aerosols on climate, enabling readers to quickly understand how new research fits into apparently established knowledge. Definitions, case studies, reference data and worked examples are included throughout, alongside boxes covering technical and fundamental aspects and other topics of interest. Aerosols and Climate is a vital resource for graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, senior researchers and lecturers in departments of atmospheric science, meteorology, engineering, and environment. It will also be of interest to those working in operational centers and policy-facing organizations, providing strong reference material on the current state of knowledge. Each chapter includes a section focusing on the treatment of the relevant aerosol processes in climate models and other models, allowing readers to grasp the link between knowledge on the one hand and models on the other This will be particularly useful for those new to the field or those exploring beyond their immediate field Provides clear exposition of the challenges in understanding and reducing persistent gaps in knowledge and uncertainties in the field of aerosol-climate interaction, going beyond the fundamentals and existing knowledge Each chapter is authored by an expert in modelling and another expert in aerosol processes, analysis, or observations, to ensure accessibility and balance

A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change

A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change
  • Author : Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-05-01
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 9780309588874
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Summary : This book recommends the initiation of an "integrated" research program to study the role of aerosols in the predicted global climate change. Current understanding suggest that, even now, aerosols, primarily from anthropogenic sources, may be reducing the rate of warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to specific research recommendations, this book forcefully argues for two kinds of research program integration: integration of the individual laboratory, field, and theoretical research activities and an integrated management structure that involves all of the concerned federal agencies.

Atmospheric Aerosols

Atmospheric Aerosols
  • Author : S Ramachandran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9781351648455
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Summary : This book includes basic knowledge and understanding on the characteristics of aerosols over the continent and oceanic regions, their composition, residence times, sinks and size distributions, and their effects in the radiative transfer and climate of Earth.

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties and Climate Impacts
  • Author : Mian Chin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9781437912616
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Summary : This Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) critically reviews current knowledge about global distributions and properties of atmospheric aerosols, as they relate to aerosol impacts on climate. It assesses possible next steps aimed at substantially reducing uncertainties in aerosol radiative forcing estimates. Current measurement techniques and modeling approaches are summarized, providing context. The objectives of this report are: (1) to promote a consensus about the knowledge base for climate change decision support; and (2) to provide a synthesis and integration of the current knowledge of the climate-relevant impacts of anthropogenic aerosols. Illustrations.

Atmospheric Aerosols Characterization, Chemistry, Modeling and Climate

Atmospheric Aerosols Characterization, Chemistry, Modeling and Climate
  • Author : Kalliat T Valsaraj,Raghava R Kommalapati
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-09
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : UOM:39015075648298
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Summary : Atmospheric aerosols play a large role in air pollution in urban areas and in regulating climate. They also play a role in the ongoing debate on global warming potentials of various species. To understand the proper roles of aerosols in the atmosphere, we need data on their physical characterization, their chemistry and appropriate models to project into the future. Apart from general discussions in textbooks, there are not very many monographs devoted to the aspects outlined above. This symposium series book will describe the characteristics of atmospheric aerosols, the chemistry of aerosols, and finally the interplay between aerosol modeling and global climate changes using specific case studies. The book is organized into three sections: Characterization, Chemistry and Modeling of Atmospheric Aerosols. The characterization section of the book includes three chapters. The chapters include: The role of morphology on aerosol particle reactivity; The chemistry portion of the book covers several interesting topics including secondary aerosols and the chapters include: Surface activity of perfluorinated compounds at the air-water interface; Atmospheric chemistry of urban surface films; Photochemistry of secondary organic aerosol formed from oxidation of monoterpenes; Finally the modeling section of the book includes two very interesting chapters; Understanding climatic effects of aerosols: modeling radiative effects of aerosols; Environmental effects to residential New Orleans following hurricane katrina: indoor sediment, vapor-phase and aerosolized contaminants.

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Climate Research Committee,Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-25
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 0309133505
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Summary : Changes in climate are driven by natural and human-induced perturbations of the Earth’s energy balance. These climate drivers or "forcings" include variations in greenhouse gases, aerosols, land use, and the amount of energy Earth receives from the Sun. Although climate throughout Earth’s history has varied from "snowball" conditions with global ice cover to "hothouse" conditions when glaciers all but disappeared, the climate over the past 10,000 years has been remarkably stable and favorable to human civilization. Increasing evidence points to a large human impact on global climate over the past century. The report reviews current knowledge of climate forcings and recommends critical research needed to improve understanding. Whereas emphasis to date has been on how these climate forcings affect global mean temperature, the report finds that regional variation and climate impacts other than temperature deserve increased attention.

Aerosol Forcing of Climate

Aerosol Forcing of Climate
  • Author : R. J. Charlson,J. Heintzenberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-08-24
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822020642013
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Summary : Global climate change as a consequence of anthropogenic changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere poses scientific questions of a nature and interdisciplinary scope that are unprecedented. Uncertainties in the climate forecast are large and thus far have hampered the establishment of a clear world plan for preventing or mitigating against unacceptable effects. The forecast of global and regional climate changes depends upon the development of a sound understanding of the factors that change the global heat balance and thus influence the climate. Changes in heat balance due to anthropogenic or externally imposed changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere are referred to as forcings. While the uncertainties in the global mean greenhouse-gas forcing are not negligible (??? 15%), uncertainties in forcings by changes in the atmospheric aerosol and in clouds are much larger, and in some cases even include uncertainty in the sign of the forcing. Reductionist science, with its compartmentalized disciplines, has not coped effectively with the scientific problems of aerosols and their effects, largely because of a need for simultaneous consideration of chemical processes, chemical properties, physical properties, and a wide variety of physical processes and consequences. In the case of natural aerosols and their effects on clouds, it is even necessary to include studies of microbiology and of biochemistry. This volume ? the record of intense, interdisciplinary debate between atmospheric chemists, meteorologists, physicists, and biogeochemists - considers the subset of climate forcings due to atmospheric aerosols, with particular emphasis on integrating the necessary disciplinary components. It is truly unique in its interdisciplinary approach. The information contained in the overview papers and summary reports will be of interest to policymakers and scientists alike. Goal of this Dahlem Workshop to assess the controlling factors, geographic and temporal variations of the radiative properties of atmospheric aerosols, and to examine the extent to which their forcing through direct and indirect effects counteracts greenhouse-gas forcing on regional and global climate.

Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin

Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin
  • Author : The BACC II Author Team
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-03
  • Total pages :501
  • ISBN : 9783319160061
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Summary : ​This book is an update of the first BACC assessment, published in 2008. It offers new and updated scientific findings in regional climate research for the Baltic Sea basin. These include climate changes since the last glaciation (approx. 12,000 years ago), changes in the recent past (the last 200 years), climate projections up until 2100 using state-of-the-art regional climate models and an assessment of climate-change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. There are dedicated new chapters on sea-level rise, coastal erosion and impacts on urban areas. A new set of chapters deals with possible causes of regional climate change along with the global effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations, namely atmospheric aerosols and land-cover change. The evidence collected and presented in this book shows that the regional climate has already started to change and this is expected to continue. Projections of potential future climates show that the region will probably become considerably warmer and wetter in some parts, but dryer in others. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems have already shown adjustments to increased temperatures and are expected to undergo further changes in the near future. The BACC II Author Team consists of 141 scientists from 12 countries, covering various disciplines related to climate research and related impacts. BACC II is a project of the Baltic Earth research network and contributes to the World Climate Research Programme.

An Introduction to Clouds

An Introduction to Clouds
  • Author : Ulrike Lohmann,Felix Lüönd,Fabian Mahrt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-23
  • Total pages :399
  • ISBN : 9781107018228
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Summary : This book provides a fundamental understanding of clouds, from microphysics to climate, with supplementary problem sets and questions.

Climate Change

Climate Change
  • Author : Trevor M. Letcher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-08
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 0080933033
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Summary : The climate of the Earth is always changing. As the debate over the implications of changes in the Earth's climate has grown, the term climate change has come to refer primarily to changes we've seen over recent years and those which are predicted to be coming, mainly as a result of human behavior. This book serves as a broad, accessible guide to the science behind this often political and heated debate by providing scientific detail and evidence in language that is clear to both the non-specialist and the serious student. * provides all the scientific evidence for and possible causes of climate change in one book * written by expert scientists working in the field * logical, non-emotional conclusions * a source book for the latest findings on climate change

Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation

Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation
  • Author : Tanvir Islam,Yongxiang Hu,Alexander A. Kokhanovsky,Jun Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-31
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780128104385
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Summary : Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation compiles recent advances in aerosol, cloud, and precipitation remote sensing from new satellite observations. The book examines a wide range of measurements from microwave (both active and passive), visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. Contributors are experts conducting state-of-the-art research in atmospheric remote sensing using space, airborne, and ground-based datasets, focusing on supporting earth observation satellite missions for aerosol, cloud, and precipitation studies. A handy reference for scientists working in remote sensing, earth science, electromagnetics, climate physics, and space engineering. Valuable for operational forecasters, meteorologists, geospatial experts, modelers, and policymakers alike. Presents new approaches in the field, along with further research opportunities, based on the latest satellite data Focuses on how remote sensing systems can be designed/developed to solve outstanding problems in earth and atmospheric sciences Edited by a dynamic team of editors with a mixture of highly skilled and qualified authors offering world-leading expertise in the field

Aerosol Science

Aerosol Science
  • Author : Ian Colbeck,Mihalis Lazaridis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-03
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9781119977926
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Summary : Aerosols influence many areas of our daily life. They are at the core of environmental problems such as global warming, photochemical smog and poor air quality. They can also have diverse effects on human health, where exposure occurs in both outdoor and indoor environments. However, aerosols can have beneficial effects too; the delivery of drugs to the lungs, the delivery of fuels for combustion and the production of nanomaterials all rely on aerosols. Advances in particle measurement technologies have made it possible to take advantage of rapid changes in both particle size and concentration. Likewise, aerosols can now be produced in a controlled fashion. Reviewing many technological applications together with the current scientific status of aerosol modelling and measurements, this book includes: • Satellite aerosol remote sensing • The effects of aerosols on climate change • Air pollution and health • Pharmaceutical aerosols and pulmonary drug delivery • Bioaerosols and hospital infections • Particle emissions from vehicles • The safety of emerging nanomaterials • Radioactive aerosols: tracers of atmospheric processes With the importance of this topic brought to the public’s attention after the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull, this book provides a timely, concise and accessible overview of the many facets of aerosol science.

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences

Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences
  • Author : Gerald R. North,John A. Pyle,Fuqing Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-14
  • Total pages :2998
  • ISBN : 9780123822260
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd Edition is an authoritative resource covering all aspects of atmospheric sciences, including both theory and applications. With more than 320 articles and 1,600 figures and photographs, this revised version of the award-winning first edition offers comprehensive coverage of this important field. The six volumes in this set contain broad-ranging articles on topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction. The Encyclopedia is an ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences. It is written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Covers all aspects of atmospheric sciences—including both theory and applications Presents more than 320 articles and more than 1,600 figures and photographs Broad-ranging articles include topics such as atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, boundary layers, clouds, general circulation, global change, mesoscale meteorology, ozone, radar, satellite remote sensing, and weather prediction An ideal resource for academia, government, and industry in the fields of atmospheric, ocean, and environmental sciences

Report of the Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate (Geneva, 27-31 October 1980)

Report of the Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate (Geneva, 27-31 October 1980)
  • Author : Meeting of JSC Experts on Aerosols and Climate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1980
  • Total pages :65
  • ISBN : PSU:000023525085
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Summary :

Observation, Theory and Modeling of Atmospheric Variability

Observation, Theory and Modeling of Atmospheric Variability
  • Author : Xun Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 9812387048
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Summary : This book contains tutorial and review articles as well as specific research letters that cover a wide range of topics: (1) dynamics of atmospheric variability from both basic theory and data analysis, (2) physical and mathematical problems in climate modeling and numerical weather prediction, (3) theories of atmospheric radiative transfer and their applications in satellite remote sensing, and (4) mathematical and statistical methods. The book can be used by undergraduates or graduate students majoring in atmospheric sciences, as an introduction to various research areas; and by researchers and educators, as a general review or quick reference in their fields of interest.

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties

Atmospheric Aerosol Properties
  • Author : Kirill Ya. Kondratyev,Lev S. Ivlev,Vladimir F. Krapivin,Costas A. Varostos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-29
  • Total pages :572
  • ISBN : 9783540376989
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Summary : This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of how aerosols form in the atmosphere through in situ processes as well as via transport from the surface (dust storms, seas spray, biogenic emissions, forest fires etc.). Such an analysis has been followed by the consideration of both observation data (various field observational experiments) and numerical modeling results to assess climate impacts of aerosols bearing in mind that these impacts are the most significant uncertainty in studying natural and anthropogenic causes of climate change.

Climate Change Science

Climate Change Science
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on the Science of Climate Change
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-28
  • Total pages :42
  • ISBN : 0309183359
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Summary : The warming of the Earth has been the subject of intense debate and concern for many scientists, policy-makers, and citizens for at least the past decade. Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions, a new report by a committee of the National Research Council, characterizes the global warming trend over the last 100 years, and examines what may be in store for the 21st century and the extent to which warming may be attributable to human activity.

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
  • Author : John H. Seinfeld,Spyros N. Pandis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-18
  • Total pages :1232
  • ISBN : 9781118591369
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Summary : Thoroughly restructured and updated with new findings and new features The Second Edition of this internationally acclaimed text presents the latest developments in atmospheric science. It continues to be the premier text for both a rigorous and a complete treatment of the chemistry of the atmosphere, covering such pivotal topics as: * Chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere * Formation, growth, dynamics, and properties of aerosols * Meteorology of air pollution * Transport, diffusion, and removal of species in the atmosphere * Formation and chemistry of clouds * Interaction of atmospheric chemistry and climate * Radiative and climatic effects of gases and particles * Formulation of mathematical chemical/transport models of the atmosphere All chapters develop results based on fundamental principles, enabling the reader to build a solid understanding of the science underlying atmospheric processes. Among the new material are three new chapters: Atmospheric Radiation and Photochemistry, General Circulation of the Atmosphere, and Global Cycles. In addition, the chapters Stratospheric Chemistry, Tropospheric Chemistry, and Organic Atmospheric Aerosols have been rewritten to reflect the latest findings. Readers familiar with the First Edition will discover a text with new structures and new features that greatly aid learning. Many examples are set off in the text to help readers work through the application of concepts. Advanced material has been moved to appendices. Finally, many new problems, coded by degree of difficulty, have been added. A solutions manual is available. Thoroughly updated and restructured, the Second Edition of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics is an ideal textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a reference for researchers in environmental engineering, meteorology, chemistry, and the atmospheric sciences. Click here to Download the Solutions Manual for Academic Adopters: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-292291.html