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Air Quality and Ecological Impacts

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts
  • Author : Allan H. Legge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-01
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 008095202X
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Summary : Air Quality and Ecological Impacts reviews the characterization of air quality as it pertains to specific emission sources and their environmental effect. Since emissions from multiple sources impact the same location, a multidisciplinary approach is needed to relate atmospheric processes to terrestrial vegetation. As global industrial expansions continue, air quality is no longer governed by isolated point sources (e.g., a single coal-fired power plant), but by source clusters or complexes. To address these issues, atmospheric receptor models have been developed and are continually being improved. The benefits of any air quality control measures based on receptor modeling must be verified by assessing changes or bettering in environmental impacts. Until now, such an approach has not been well integrated and practiced. This book provides the needed concepts and methods in conducting the studies to establish cause-and-effect relationships under ambient conditions, which is valuable to policy makers both in industrialized and developing nations. Offers approaches for identifying the emissions components from specific air pollution sources Details methods for using pollutant accumulation in plants for ecological effects assessment Establishes cause (air quality) and effect (plant responses) relationships under ambient conditions

The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-09
  • Total pages :116
  • ISBN : 9789264257474
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Summary : This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
  • Author : Bhola R. Gurjar,Luisa T. Molina,C.S. P. Ojha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-06-22
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 1439809631
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Summary : Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. I

Air Pollution Damage to Vegetation

Air Pollution Damage to Vegetation
  • Author : John A. Naegele
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1973
  • Total pages :137
  • ISBN : UOM:39015016015458
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Summary :

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment
  • Author : Markus Quante,Franciscus Colijn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9783319397450
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Summary : This book offers an up-to-date review of our current understanding of climate change in the North Sea and adjacent areas, as well as its impact on ecosystems and socio-economic sectors. It provides a detailed assessment of climate change based on published scientific work compiled by independent international experts from climate-related disciplines such as oceanography, atmospheric sciences, marine and terrestrial ecology, using a regional evaluation and review process similar to that of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of our changing climate, discussing a wide range of topics including past, current and future climate change, and climate-related changes in marine, terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. It also explores the impact of climate change on socio-economic sectors such as fisheries, agriculture, coastal zone management, coastal protection, urban climate, recreation/tourism, offshore activities/energy, and air pollution.

Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health

Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-01
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9780309209410
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Summary : The indoor environment affects occupants' health and comfort. Poor environmental conditions and indoor contaminants are estimated to cost the U.S. economy tens of billions of dollars a year in exacerbation of illnesses like asthma, allergic symptoms, and subsequent lost productivity. Climate change has the potential to affect the indoor environment because conditions inside buildings are influenced by conditions outside them. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health addresses the impacts that climate change may have on the indoor environment and the resulting health effects. It finds that steps taken to mitigate climate change may cause or exacerbate harmful indoor environmental conditions. The book discusses the role the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should take in informing the public, health professionals, and those in the building industry about potential risks and what can be done to address them. The study also recommends that building codes account for climate change projections; that federal agencies join to develop or refine protocols and testing standards for evaluating emissions from materials, furnishings, and appliances used in buildings; and that building weatherization efforts include consideration of health effects. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health is written primarily for the EPA and other federal agencies, organizations, and researchers with interests in public health; the environment; building design, construction, and operation; and climate issues.

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution

Wildland Fires and Air Pollution
  • Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :638
  • ISBN : 9780080556093
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Summary : "Wildland fires are one of the most devastating and terrifying forces of nature. While their effects are mostly destructive they also help with regeneration of forests and other ecosystems. Low-intensity fires clear accumulating biomass reducing risk of catastrophic crown fires and can be used as an effective management tool. This book presents current understanding of wildland fires and air quality as well as their effects on human health, forests and other ecosystems. In the first section of the book the basics of wildland fires and resulting emissions are presented from the perspective of changing global climate, air quality impairment and effects on environment and human health and security. In the second section, effects of wildland fires on air quality, visibility and human health in various regions of the Earth are discussed. The third section of the book deals with complex issues of the ecological impacts of fire and air pollution in forests and chaparral in North America. --

Environmental and Pollution Science

Environmental and Pollution Science
  • Author : Mark L. Brusseau,Ian L. Pepper,Charles Gerba
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-22
  • Total pages :662
  • ISBN : 9780128147207
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Summary : Environmental and Pollution Science, Third Edition, continues its tradition on providing readers with the scientific basis to understand, manage, mitigate, and prevent pollution across the environment, be it air, land, or water. Pollution originates from a wide variety of sources, both natural and man-made, and occurs in a wide variety of forms including, biological, chemical, particulate or even energy, making a multivariate approach to assessment and mitigation essential for success. This third edition has been updated and revised to include topics that are critical to addressing pollution issues, from human-health impacts to environmental justice to developing sustainable solutions. Environmental and Pollution Science, Third Edition is designed to give readers the tools to be able to understand and implement multi-disciplinary approaches to help solve current and future environmental pollution problems. Emphasizes conceptual understanding of environmental systems and can be used by students and professionals from a diversity of backgrounds focusing on the environment Covers many aspects critical to assessing and managing environmental pollution including characterization, risk assessment, regulation, transport and fate, and remediation or restoration New topics to this edition include Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services, Pollution in the Global System, Human Health Impacts, the interrelation between Soil and Human Health, Environmental Justice and Community Engagement, and Sustainability and Sustainable Solutions Includes color photos and diagrams, chapter questions and problems, and highlighted key words

Air Quality

Air Quality
  • Author : Gustavo Lopez,Benjamin Valdez,Michael Schorr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-26
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9789535106746
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Summary : This book contains 15 chapters reporting air pollution of interest to experts in academia and industrial plants dealing with the environmental issues. These chapters emphasize the problems of air pollution involving the human sector as an essential part in the control of air pollutants. The book contains an analysis of various geographic regions and evaluation of different activities related to these areas. Descriptive analyzes present the generation of air pollution and its effect on society and materials evaluations. The major sources of emission of pollutants and the damage that they originate in the towns and industrial plants are reported. This volume provides methods and tools for assessment according to each location. Other important aspects are the activities of governmental authorities, the academic and sectors for solving the environment problem.

Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e

Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e
  • Author : Arthur C. Stern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984-05-28
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 9780323161589
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Summary : Fundamentals of Air Pollution, Second Edition discusses the basic chemistry, physics, and engineering of air pollution. This edition explores the processes and equipment that produce less pollution in the atmosphere. This book is comprised of six parts encompassing 28 chapters. This text starts with an overview of the predominant air pollution problems during the Industrial Revolution, including smoke and ash produced by burning oil or coal in the boiler furnaces of power plants, marine vessels, and locomotives. This edition then explores the mathematical models of atmospheric transport and diffusion and discusses the air pollution control in communities. Other chapters deal with atmospheric chemistry, control technology, and visibility through the atmosphere. This book further examines the regulatory concepts that have become more significant, such as the bubble concept, air quality, emission standards, and the trading and banking of emission rights. Air pollution scientists, atmospheric scientists, ecologists, engineers, educators, researchers, and students will find this book extremely useful.

The Cost of Air Pollution

The Cost of Air Pollution
  • Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :79
  • ISBN : 9264210423
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Summary : Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3 million people across the world every year, and causes health problems from asthma to heart disease for many more. This is costing societies very large amounts in terms of the value of lives lost and ill health. Based on extensive new epidemiological evidence since the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, and OECD estimates of the Value of Statistical Life, this report provides evidence on the health impacts from air pollution and the related economic costs.

Atmospheric Impacts of the Oil and Gas Industry

Atmospheric Impacts of the Oil and Gas Industry
  • Author : Eduardo P Olaguer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-22
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9780128018583
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Summary : Atmospheric Impacts of the Oil and Gas Industry provides the most up-to-date scientific and technological methods available to quantify oil and gas industry emissions and atmospheric impacts in a manner that is relevant to the development of, compliance with, and enforcement of effective policy and regulations. The book offers a concise survey of these methods to facilitate the implementation of solutions that promote sustainable energy production. Part I covers a technical and descriptive summary of air quality and global change issues relevant to the oil and gas industry, with Part II summarizing state-of-the-art methods pertaining to the analysis and solution of the problems identified in the earlier section. Examples of state-of-the-art methods covered include real-time monitoring with chemical ionization mass spectrometry, drone-mounted mini-lasers and gas cells, tomographic remote sensing, inverse modeling of emissions, 3D fluid, chemical, and transport models, and contemporary control technologies, such as flare minimization, oxidation catalysts, and vapor recovery. In addition, field studies, policy-relevant modeling assessments, and regulatory decisions from multiple geographic regions are presented, providing readers best practices from real world applications. Addresses major environmental issues of concern as a result of the oil and gas industry Reflects a balanced, objective view that is based on scientific principles Provides a wide geographical perspective Presents a rigorous and comprehensive scientific basis for crafting solutions to air quality problems created by the oil and gas industry

Air, Water and Soil Quality Modelling for Risk and Impact Assessment

Air, Water and Soil Quality Modelling for Risk and Impact Assessment
  • Author : Adolf Ebel,Teimuraz Davitashvili
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-14
  • Total pages :365
  • ISBN : 9781402058776
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Summary : This book contains the proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Air, Water and Soil Quality Modelling for Risk and Impact Assessment. The aim of the workshop was to further joint environmental compartment modelling and applications of control theory to environmental management. It provides an overview of ongoing research in this field regarding assessment of environmental risks and impacts.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Anji Reddy Mareddy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-14
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780128112380
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Summary : Environmental Impact Assessment: Theory and Practice describes the various pieces of knowledge necessary to speak the language of EIA and carry out EIAs focusing on a variety of environmental issues, including impacts on environmental components, like air, water, soils, land, noise and biological environments. Organized into 15 chapters, the book provides engineers with the tools and methods to conduct an effective assessment, including report preparations, design measures and relevant mitigation steps that can be taken to reduce or avoid negative effects. Case Studies are presented, providing guidance professionals can use to better understand, plan and prepare environmental impact assessments. Presents detailed methodologies for air pollution control, waste treatment schemes, phytoremediation, bioremediation, hazardous waste, green belt development and rainwater harvesting Highlights concepts and important definitions of EIA and the planning and management of EIA study Discusses the impacts on valued environmental components, like air, water, soils, land, noise, and biological and socioeconomic environments in a systematic manner

Air Pollution Effects on Biodiversity

Air Pollution Effects on Biodiversity
  • Author : J.R. Barker,D.T. Tingey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9781461535386
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Summary : Biodiversity is the delicate ecological balance within biological systems such as species and populations. Evidence suggests air pollution disrupts and impoverishes ecosysytems processes, and genetic and population diversity. Based on a symposium conducted by the EPA's Environmental Research Laboratory, this book pulls together current knowledge on the subject, assesses its relevance, and offers a framework for future research on the impact of air pollution on biodiversity through all levels of biological organization. This text is particularly timely due to acid rain and other toxic problems. The text also discusses the best available control technology, management practices, alternative chemicals, and legislative ways to reduce the impact of air pollution on biodiversity.

Current Air Quality Issues

Current Air Quality Issues
  • Author : Farhad Nejadkoorki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-21
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9789535121800
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Summary : Air pollution is thus far one of the key environmental issues in urban areas. Comprehensive air quality plans are required to manage air pollution for a particular area. Consequently, air should be continuously sampled, monitored, and modeled to examine different action plans. Reviews and research papers describe air pollution in five main contexts: Monitoring, Modeling, Risk Assessment, Health, and Indoor Air Pollution. The book is recommended to experts interested in health and air pollution issues.

Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts

Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts
  • Author : Marcio de Almeida D'Agosto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-28
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780128134542
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Summary : Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts shows researchers, students and professionals the important connection between transportation planning, energy use and emissions. The book examines the major transportation activities, components, systems and subsystems by mode. It closely explores the resulting environmental impacts from transport planning, construction and the decommissioning of transportation systems. It discusses transportation planning procedures from an energy use standpoint, offering guidelines to make transportation more energy consumption efficient. Other sections cover propulsion and energy use systems, focusing on road transportation, railway, waterway, pipeline, air, air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions, and more. Shows the relationship between road, rail, maritime, air and pipeline transportation activities with fuel use and pollution, greenhouse gases and waste Provides a comprehensive approach, covering transportation system planning, design and infrastructure construction Synthesizes the needed information and data, explaining how to improve transportation system performance Includes learning aids, such as cases from around the globe, a glossary, extensive bibliography, chapter objectives, summaries and exercises

Air Pollution Calculations

Air Pollution Calculations
  • Author : Daniel A. Vallero
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-03
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780128149355
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Summary : Air Pollution Calculations introduces the equations and formulae that are most important to air pollution, but goes a step further. Most texts lack examples of how these equations and formulae apply to the quantification of real-world scenarios and conditions. The ample example calculations apply to current air quality problems, including emission inventories, risk estimations, biogeochemical cycling assessments, and efficiencies in air pollution control technologies. In addition, the book explains thermodynamics and fluid dynamics in step-by-step and understandable calculations using air quality and multimedia modeling, reliability engineering and engineering economics using practical examples likely to be encountered by scientists, engineers, managers and decision makers. The book touches on the environmental variables, constraints and drivers that can influence pollutant mass, volume and concentrations, which in turn determine toxicity and adverse outcomes caused by air pollution. How the pollutants form, move, partition, transform and find their fate are explained using the entire range of atmospheric phenomena. The control, prevention and mitigation of air pollution are explained based on physical, chemical and biological principles which is crucial to science-based policy and decision-making. Users will find this to be a comprehensive, single resource that will help them understand air pollution, quantify existing data, and help those whose work is impacted by air pollution. Explains air pollution in a comprehensive manner, enabling readers to understand how to measure and assess risks to human populations and ecosystems actually or potentially exposed to air pollutants Covers air pollution from a multivariate, systems approach, bringing in atmospheric processes, health impacts, environmental impacts, controls and prevention Facilitates an understanding of broad factors, like climate and transport, that influence patterns and change in pollutant concentrations, both spatially and over time

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts

Air Quality and Ecological Impacts
  • Author : Allan H. Legge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-01
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 008095202X
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Summary : Air Quality and Ecological Impacts reviews the characterization of air quality as it pertains to specific emission sources and their environmental effect. Since emissions from multiple sources impact the same location, a multidisciplinary approach is needed to relate atmospheric processes to terrestrial vegetation. As global industrial expansions continue, air quality is no longer governed by isolated point sources (e.g., a single coal-fired power plant), but by source clusters or complexes. To address these issues, atmospheric receptor models have been developed and are continually being improved. The benefits of any air quality control measures based on receptor modeling must be verified by assessing changes or bettering in environmental impacts. Until now, such an approach has not been well integrated and practiced. This book provides the needed concepts and methods in conducting the studies to establish cause-and-effect relationships under ambient conditions, which is valuable to policy makers both in industrialized and developing nations. Offers approaches for identifying the emissions components from specific air pollution sources Details methods for using pollutant accumulation in plants for ecological effects assessment Establishes cause (air quality) and effect (plant responses) relationships under ambient conditions

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-19
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780080983424
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Summary : There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services. Identifies current knowledge gaps and emerging research needs Highlights novel methodologies and integrated research concepts Assesses ecological meaning of investigations and prioritizing research need

Air Quality Management in the United States

Air Quality Management in the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-09-30
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 9780309089326
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Summary : Managing the nation’s air quality is a complex undertaking, involving tens of thousands of people in regulating thousands of pollution sources. The authors identify what has worked and what has not, and they offer wide-ranging recommendations for setting future priorities, making difficult choices, and increasing innovation. This new book explores how to better integrate scientific advances and new technologies into the air quality management system. The volume reviews the three-decade history of governmental efforts toward cleaner air, discussing how air quality standards are set and results measured, the design and implementation of control strategies, regulatory processes and procedures, special issues with mobile pollution sources, and more. The book looks at efforts to spur social and behavioral changes that affect air quality, the effectiveness of market-based instruments for air quality regulation, and many other aspects of the issue. Rich in technical detail, this book will be of interest to all those engaged in air quality management: scientists, engineers, industrial managers, law makers, regulators, health officials, clean-air advocates, and concerned citizens.