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Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : N Eswara Prasad,Amol Gokhale,R.J.H Wanhill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780124016798
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Summary : Because lithium is the least dense elemental metal, materials scientists and engineers have been working for decades to develop a commercially viable aluminum-lithium (Al-Li) alloy that would be even lighter and stiffer than other aluminum alloys. The first two generations of Al-Li alloys tended to suffer from several problems, including poor ductility and fracture toughness; unreliable properties, fatigue and fracture resistance; and unreliable corrosion resistance. Now, new third generation Al-Li alloys with significantly reduced lithium content and other improvements are promising a revival for Al-Li applications in modern aircraft and aerospace vehicles. Over the last few years, these newer Al-Li alloys have attracted increasing global interest for widespread applications in the aerospace industry largely because of soaring fuel costs and the development of a new generation of civil and military aircraft. This contributed book, featuring many of the top researchers in the field, is the first up-to-date international reference for Al-Li material research, alloy development, structural design and aerospace systems engineering. Provides a complete treatment of the new generation of low-density AL-Li alloys, including microstructure, mechanical behavoir, processing and applications Covers the history of earlier generation AL-Li alloys, their basic problems, why they were never widely used, and why the new third generation Al-Li alloys could eventually replace not only traditional aluminum alloys but more expensive composite materials Contains two full chapters devoted to applications in the aircraft and aerospace fields, where the lighter, stronger Al-Li alloys mean better performing, more fuel-efficient aircraft

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : Olga Grushko,Boris Ovsyannikov,Viktor Ovchinnokov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-18
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9781315352503
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Summary : Aluminum–Lithium Alloys: Process Metallurgy, Physical Metallurgy, and Welding provides theoretical foundations of the technological processes for melting, casting, forming, heat treatment, and welding of Al–Li alloys. It contains a critical survey of the research in the field and presents data on commercial Al–Li alloys, their phase composition, microstructure, and heat treatment of the ingots, sheets, forgings, and welds of Al–Li alloys. It details oxidation kinetics, protective alloying, hydrogen in Al–Li alloys, and crack susceptibility. It also discusses grain structure and solidification, as well as structural and mechanical properties. The book is illustrated with examples of Al–Li alloy applications in aircraft structures. Based on the vast experience of the coauthors, the book presents recommendations on solving practical problems involved with melting and casting ingots, welding of Al–Li alloys, and producing massive stampings for welded products. Provides comprehensive coverage of Al–Li alloys, not available in any single source. Presents research that is at the basis of the production technology for of ingots and products made of Al–Li alloys. Combines basic science with applied research, including upscaling and industrial implementation. Covers welding of Al–Li alloys in detail. Discusses gas and alkali-earth impurities in Al–Li alloys. Describes technological recommendations on casting and deformation of Al–Li alloys.

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : R.J.H. Wanhill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780128068533
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Summary : The material and manufacturing property requirements for selection and application of 3rd generation aluminium-lithium (Al–Li) alloys in aircraft and spacecraft are discussed. Modern structural concepts using Laser Beam Welding (LBW), Friction Stir Welding (FSW), SuperPlastic Forming (SPF) and selective reinforcement by Fibre Metal Laminates (FMLs) are also considered. Al–Li alloys have to compete with conventional aluminium alloys, Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastics (CFRPs) and GLAss REinforced FMLs (GLARE), particularly for transport aircraft structures. Thus all these materials are compared before discussing their selection for aircraft. This is followed by a review of the aluminium alloy selection process for spacecraft. Actual and potential applications of 3rd generation Al–Li alloys are presented. For aircraft it is concluded that the competition between different material classes (aluminium alloys, CFRPs and FMLs) has reached a development stage where hybrid structures, using different types of materials, may become the rule rather than the exception. However, aluminium alloys are still the main contenders for spacecraft liquid propellant launchers.

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : G. Jagan Reddy,R.J.H. Wanhill,Amol A. Gokhale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780128068458
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Summary : Mechanical working of Al–Li alloys is primarily concerned with aerospace alloy rolled products (sheet and plate), extrusions, and to a lesser extent forgings. These products are fabricated by hot working with intermittent and final heat treatments. This thermomechanical processing (TMP) can be rather complex for the modern 3rd generation Al-Li alloys, but is necessary to obtain optimum combinations of properties. This Chapter is in two parts. Part 1 discusses the ‘workability’ of metals and alloys and the hot deformation characteristics of Al–Li alloys, leading to the concept of Process Maps. A comprehensive Process Map for a binary Al–Li alloy illustrates the usefulness of these Maps for defining temperature–strain rate regions for safe and unsafe hot working, recrystallization and recovery, and superplastic behaviour Part 2 provides some general considerations about processing Al–Li alloy products, followed by a review and discussion of the currently available information for 3rd generation alloys. It is concluded that their complex TMP schedules may make it difficult to obtain optimum combinations of properties for thicker products.

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : K.V. Jata,A.K. Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780128068434
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Summary : This chapter describes the development of crystallographic texture and its effects on mechanical properties in aluminum-lithium alloys. Crystallographic texture evolves during the forming of wrought products from cast ingots of Al-Li alloys and consequently affects the mechanical properties. Practical approaches to control the texture have been developed and have been successfully used in the products obtained from industrial-scale ingots. This texture tailoring has significantly reduced the yield strength anisotropy. In addition, theoretical approaches have been used to model the yield strength anisotropy of aluminum alloys in the presence of complex precipitates.

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : S. Balasivanandha Prabu,K.A. Padmanabhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780128068465
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Summary : Since the late 1950s, lithium is being used as an alloying element in aluminum. Their excellent ductility, which allows superplastic forming, along with their ability to decrease the density, makes aluminum-lithium alloys a primary choice for many structural applications in aerospace industry. This chapter initially discusses the processes and mechanisms that give rise to significant plasticity/Superplasticity in these alloy systems. The superplastic behavior of Al-Li alloys and their applications in forming are then discussed. The thickness variation during superplastic forming strongly depends on the peak strain rate sensitivity index (m) of the material, and an increase in the m value reduces the thickness variation in the formed component. The factors that help increase the value of m are enumerated. Superplastic forming is carried out at temperatures ≥ 0.5 Tm (Tm is the absolute melting temperature), often closer to 0.7 − 0.8 Tm. Significant cavitation and grain growth are present at such high temperatures. This has ushered in low temperature superplastic forming by the production of ultra-fine grain sizes via dispersion strengthening and severe plastic deformation (SPD). The promise of superplastic forming of Al-Li alloys for the future and the factors including cost that limit the use of Al-Li alloys are also discussed.

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys for Aerospace Applications Workshop

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys for Aerospace Applications Workshop
  • Author : Biliyar N. Bhat,Thomas T. Bales,E. J. Vesely
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : PSU:000023373440
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Summary :

Investigations Into the Corrosion Behavior of Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Investigations Into the Corrosion Behavior of Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : Christopher Shigeki Kumai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : UCAL:C3368185
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Aluminum-Lithium Alloys

Aluminum-Lithium Alloys
  • Author : K. Satya Prasad,N. Eswara Prasad,Amol A. Gokhale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780128068427
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Summary : This chapter reviews the precipitation and precipitate phases that occur during heat treatments in multi-component Al-Li based alloys. It describes aspects related to nucleation, growth, morphology and orientation relationships of the strengthening precipitates δ’ and T1, the toughening precipitate S’ and the recrystallisation-inhibiting precipitate β’. Equilibrium precipitate phases such as T2, which are deleterious to the mechanical and corrosion properties of the alloys, are also described. It is shown that careful alloy chemistry control, two-step homogenization and controlled stretching prior to ageing can be employed to improve the volume fraction and distribution of the precipitate phases. All these processing aspects are necessary to achieve optimum combinations of properties for the alloys.

Aluminum-lithium Alloys

Aluminum-lithium Alloys
  • Author : T. H. Sanders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :1716
  • ISBN : 1872136036
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Summary :

Aluminum-lithium Alloys

Aluminum-lithium Alloys
  • Author : T. H. Sanders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :1716
  • ISBN : 1872136028
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Summary :

Corrosion of Aluminium

Corrosion of Aluminium
  • Author : Christian Vargel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-10-02
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 0080472362
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Summary : Corrosion of Aluminium highlights the practical and general aspects of the corrosion of aluminium alloys with many illustrations and references. In addition to that, the first chapter allows the reader who is not very familiar with aluminium to understand the metallurgical, chemical and physical features of the aluminium alloys. The author Christian Vargel, has adopted a practitioner approach, based on the expertise and experience gained from a 40 year career in aluminium corrosion This approach is most suitable for assessing the corrosion resistance of aluminium- an assessment which is one of the main conditions for the development of many uses of aluminium in transport, construction, power transmission etc. 600 bibliographic references provide a comprehensive guide to over 100 years of related study Providing practical applications to the reader across many industries Accessible to both the beginner and the expert

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys, Two-Volume Set (Print)

Encyclopedia of Aluminum and Its Alloys, Two-Volume Set (Print)
  • Author : George E. Totten,Murat Tiryakioglu,Olaf Kessler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-07
  • Total pages :1232
  • ISBN : 9781351045629
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Summary : This encyclopedia, written by authoritative experts under the guidance of an international panel of key researchers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, is a comprehensive reference covering all major aspects of metallurgical science and engineering of aluminum and its alloys. Topics covered include extractive metallurgy, powder metallurgy (including processing), physical metallurgy, production engineering, corrosion engineering, thermal processing (processes such as metalworking and welding, heat treatment, rolling, casting, hot and cold forming), surface engineering and structure such as crystallography and metallography.

Aluminum-lithium [i.e. Aluminium-lithium] Alloys

Aluminum-lithium [i.e. Aluminium-lithium] Alloys
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1123753746
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Summary :

Aluminum Alloys--Contemporary Research and Applications

Aluminum Alloys--Contemporary Research and Applications
  • Author : A. K. Vasudevan,Roger D. Doherty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :728
  • ISBN : 9780323140232
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Summary : This book discusses the structure and properties of the current and potential aluminum alloys in terms of their structure (and structural transformations by new processing methods) and the relationship between structure and mechanical and other properties. The alternative materials that challenge aluminum are considered as well, since the challenge of new competitive materials is a strong influence on innovation. The book bridges the gap between current scientific understanding and engineering practice. It is an up-to-date reference that will be of use to researchers and advanced students in metallurgy and materials engineering.

Friction Stir Welding of 2XXX Aluminum Alloys including Al-Li Alloys

Friction Stir Welding of 2XXX Aluminum Alloys including Al-Li Alloys
  • Author : Rajiv S. Mishra,Harpreet Sidhar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-01
  • Total pages :110
  • ISBN : 9780128092927
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Summary : Friction Stir Processing of 2XXX Aluminum Alloys including Al-Li Alloys is the latest edition in the Friction Stir Welding and Processing series and examines the application of friction stir welding to high strength 2XXX series alloys, exploring the past and current developments in the field. The book features recent research showing significant benefit in terms of joint efficiency and fatigue performance as a result of friction stir welding. Friction stir welding has demonstrated significant benefits in terms of its potential to reduce cost and increase manufacturing efficiency of industrial products including transportation, particularly the aerospace sector. The 2XXX series aluminum alloys are the premium aluminum alloys used in aerospace. The book includes discussion of the potential future directions for further optimization, and is designed for both practicing engineers and materials scientists, as well as researchers in the field. Provides comprehensive coverage of friction stir welding of 2XXX series alloys Discusses the physical metallurgy of the alloys Includes physical metallurgy-based guidelines for obtaining high joint efficiency Features illustrated examples of the application of FSW in the aerospace industry

13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys (ICAA 13)

13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys (ICAA 13)
  • Author : Hasso Weiland,Anthony Rollett,William Cassada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-28
  • Total pages :135
  • ISBN : 9783319487618
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Summary : This is a collection of papers presented at the 13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys (ICAA-13), the premier global conference for exchanging emerging knowledge on the structure and properties of aluminum materials. The papers are organized around the topics of the science of aluminum alloy design for a range of market applications; the accurate prediction of material properties; novel aluminum products and processes; and emerging developments in recycling and applications using both monolithic and multi-material solutions.

Biaxial Testing of 2195 Aluminum Lithium Alloy Using Cruciform Specimens

Biaxial Testing of 2195 Aluminum Lithium Alloy Using Cruciform Specimens
  • Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-27
  • Total pages :32
  • ISBN : 1726218015
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Summary : A cruciform biaxial test specimen was used to test the effect of biaxial load on the yield of aluminum-lithium alloy 2195. Fifteen cruciform specimens were tested from 2 thicknesses of 2195-T8 plate, 0.45 in. and 1.75 in. These results were compared to the results from uniaxial tensile tests of the same alloy, and cruciform biaxial tests of aluminum alloy 2219-T87.Johnston, W. M. and Pollock, W. D. and Dawicke, D. S. and Wagner, John A. (Technical Monitor)Langley Research CenterALUMINUM-LITHIUM ALLOYS; LOADS (FORCES); TENSILE TESTS; AXIAL LOADS; LOAD TESTS; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; ALUMINUM ALLOYS; YIELD STRENGTH...

Magnesium and Its Alloys

Magnesium and Its Alloys
  • Author : Leszek A. Dobrzanski,Menachem Bamberger,George E. Totten
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-01
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9781351045469
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Summary : Magnesium and Its Alloys: Technology and Applications covers a wide scope of topics related to magnesium science and engineering, from manufacturing and production to finishing and applications. This handbook contains thirteen chapters, each contributed by experts in their respective fields, and presents a broad spectrum of new information on pure magnesium, magnesium alloys, and magnesium matrix MgMCs composites. It covers such topics as computational thermodynamics, modern Mg-alloys with enhanced creep or fatigue properties, cutting-edge approaches to melt treating (grain refinement, micro-alloying, and the resulting solidification and growth), coatings, surface engineering, environmental protection (recycling and green energy storage and production), as well as biomedical applications. Aimed at researchers, professionals, and graduate students, the book conveys comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge on magnesium alloys. It is especially useful to those in the fields of materials engineering, mechanical engineering, manufacturing engineering, and metallurgy.

Friction Stir Welding of High Strength 7XXX Aluminum Alloys

Friction Stir Welding of High Strength 7XXX Aluminum Alloys
  • Author : Rajiv S. Mishra,Mageshwari Komarasamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-08
  • Total pages :120
  • ISBN : 9780128094600
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Summary : Friction Stir Welding of High Strength 7XXX Aluminum Alloys is the latest edition in the Friction Stir series and summarizes the research and application of friction stir welding to high strength 7XXX series alloys, exploring the past and current developments in the field. Friction stir welding has demonstrated significant benefits in terms of its potential to reduce cost and increase manufacturing efficiency of industrial products in transportation, particularly the aerospace sector. The 7XXX series aluminum alloys are the premium aluminum alloys used in aerospace. These alloys are typically not weldable by fusion techniques and considerable effort has been expended to develop friction stir welding parameters. Research in this area has shown significant benefit in terms of joint efficiency and fatigue performance as a result of friction stir welding. The book summarizes those results and includes discussion of the potential future directions for further optimization. Offers comprehensive coverage of friction stir welding of 7XXX series alloys Discusses the physical metallurgy of the alloys Includes physical metallurgy based guidelines for obtaining high joint efficiency Summarizes the research and application of friction stir welding to high strength 7XXX series alloys, exploring the past and current developments in the field

Rapidly Solidified Powder Aluminum Alloys

Rapidly Solidified Powder Aluminum Alloys
  • Author : Morris E. Fine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 0803104421
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Summary :