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Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials

Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials
  • Author : A. Inoue,K. Hashimoto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-01-18
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 3540672710
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Summary : Amorphous and nanocrystalline materials are a class of their own. Their properties are quite different to those of the corresponding crystalline materials. This book gives systematic insight into their physical properties, structure, behaviour, and design for special advanced applications.

Progress in Metallic Alloys

Progress in Metallic Alloys
  • Author : Vadim Glebovsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-19
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9789535126966
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Summary : In general, metallic alloys are the interdisciplinary subject or even an area that cover physics, chemistry, material science, metallurgy, crystallography, etc. This book is devoted to the metallic alloys. The primary goal is to provide coverage of advanced topics and trends of R

Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials

Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials
  • Author : Jaroslav Šesták,Jiří J. Mareš,Pavel Hubík
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-26
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 904812882X
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Summary : Provides a summary of non-equilibrium glassy and amorphous structures and their macro- and microscopic thermal properties. The book contains a carefully selected works of fourteen internationally recognized scientists involving the advances of the physics and chemistry of the glassy and amorphous states.

Electrochemical and Chemical Reactivity of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials

Electrochemical and Chemical Reactivity of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Materials
  • Author : R. Schulz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-07
  • Total pages :120
  • ISBN : 9783035705638
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This book deals with the chemical and electrochemical reactivity of novel materials in various environments. Special emphasis is put on metastable materials such as amorphous and nanostructured materials including carbon nanostructures and the novel bulk metallic glasses. Properties include corrosion resistance, electrochemical and catalytic activities, hydrogen sorption properties etc. The materials are made by various non-equilibrium processes such as rapid-quenching, high energy ball milling and thin film deposition techniques. Hydrogen storage and new materials for Ni-MH batteries are topics of particular interest in this book.

Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline Materials

Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline Materials
  • Author : James C. M. Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-02
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9789814267755
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Summary : This book concentrates on both understanding and development of nanocrystalline materials. The original relation that connects grain size and strength, known as the Hall-Petch relation, is studied in the nanometer grain size region. The breakdown of such a relation is a challenge. Why and how to overcome it? Is the dislocation mechanism still opera

Magnetic Hysteresis in Novel Magnetic Materials

Magnetic Hysteresis in Novel Magnetic Materials
  • Author : G.C. Hadjipanayis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :905
  • ISBN : 9789401154789
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Summary : A detailed presentation of the physics of the various hysteresis models that are currently used to explain the magnetization reversal process, including coherent and incoherent magnetization processes, micromagnetism and its application in thin films, multilayers, nanowires, particles and bulk magnets, domain wall pinning and domain wall dynamics, and Preisach modelling. Some of the faulty concepts and interpretations that still exist in the literature are rectified. Magnetic imaging techniques are reviewed, including TEM, SEM, magnetic force microscopy, and optical microscopy. Temperature, field and angular dependence of coercivity, magnetic interactions and magnetic phenomena are reviewed and their effect on magnetic hysteresis is discussed. The magnetic properties of novel materials are discussed, including nanoparticles, nanocrystalline granular solids, particulate media, thin films, and bulk magnets. Finally, present and future applications of novel materials are presented, including magnetic and magneto-optic recording media, magneto-electronics, sensors, magnetic circuit design, and novel structures created from rigid, high-energy permanent magnets.

Bulk Amorphous Alloys - Practical Characteristics and Applications

Bulk Amorphous Alloys - Practical Characteristics and Applications
  • Author : A. Inoue
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-03-31
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9783035705904
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Summary : The rapidly growing interest in bulk amorphous alloys has increasingly called for a substantial review to be made of the work published during the last ten years. Such a definitive review has now been published in two volumes.

Amorphous-Nanocrystalline Alloys

Amorphous-Nanocrystalline Alloys
  • Author : A.M. Glezer,N.A. Shurygina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-06
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9781351383554
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Summary : Amorphous-nanocrystalline alloys are a relatively new class of materials born from the rapid development of new technologies and different methods of producing amorphous and nanocrystalline powders and films, compacting, melt quenching, megaplastic deformation, implantation, laser, plasma, and other high-energy methods. This book considers methods of producing these materials (melt quenching, controlled crystallization, deformation effect, and pulse treatments (photon, laser and ultrasound), spraying thin films, and ion implantation). Theoretical and experimental studies describe plastic deformation mechanisms and physico-mechanical properties. Practical applications are also presented.

Amorphous-Nanocrystalline Alloys

Amorphous-Nanocrystalline Alloys
  • Author : A.M. Glezer,N.A. Shurygina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-06
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9781351383547
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Summary : Amorphous-nanocrystalline alloys are a relatively new class of materials born from the rapid development of new technologies and different methods of producing amorphous and nanocrystalline powders and films, compacting, melt quenching, megaplastic deformation, implantation, laser, plasma, and other high-energy methods. This book considers methods of producing these materials (melt quenching, controlled crystallization, deformation effect, and pulse treatments (photon, laser and ultrasound), spraying thin films, and ion implantation). Theoretical and experimental studies describe plastic deformation mechanisms and physico-mechanical properties. Practical applications are also presented.

Properties and Applications of Nanocrystalline Alloys from Amorphous Precursors

Properties and Applications of Nanocrystalline Alloys from Amorphous Precursors
  • Author : Bogdan Idzikowski,Peter Švec,Marcel Miglierini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-10
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 1402029640
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Summary : Metallic (magnetic and non-magnetic) nanocrystalline materials have been known for over ten years but only recent developments in the research into those complex alloys and their metastable amorphous precursors have created a need to summarize the most important accomplishments in the field. This book is a collection of articles on various aspects of metallic nanocrystalline materials, and an attempt to address this above need. The main focus of the papers is put on the new issues that emerge in the studies of nanocrystalline materials, and, in particular, on (i) new compositions of the alloys, (ii) properties of conventional nanocrystalline materials, (iii) modeling and simulations, (iv) preparation methods, (v) experimental techniques of measurements, and (vi) different modern applications. Interesting phenomena of the physics of nanocrystalline materials are a consequence of the effects induced by the nanocrystalline structure. They include interface physics, the influence of the grain boundaries, the averaging of magnetic anisotropy by exchange interactions, the decrease in exchange length, and the existence of a minimum two-phase structure at the atomic scale. Attention is also paid to the special character of the local atomic ordering and to the corresponding interatomic bonding as well as to anomalies and particularities of electron density distributions, and to the formation of metastable, nanocrystalline (or quasi-crystalline) phases built from exceptionally small grains with special properties. Another important focus of attention are new classes of materials which are not based on new compositions, but rather on the original and special crystalline structure in the nanoscale.

Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials

Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials
  • Author : Jaroslav Šesták,Jiří J. Mareš,Pavel Hubík
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-26
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 904812882X
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Summary : Provides a summary of non-equilibrium glassy and amorphous structures and their macro- and microscopic thermal properties. The book contains a carefully selected works of fourteen internationally recognized scientists involving the advances of the physics and chemistry of the glassy and amorphous states.

The Magnetism of Amorphous Metals and Alloys

The Magnetism of Amorphous Metals and Alloys
  • Author : J.A. Fernandez-Baca,Wai-Yim Ching
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9810210337
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Summary : http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/1712

Novel Nanomaterials

Novel Nanomaterials
  • Author : George Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-18
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9781789230888
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Summary : "Nanomaterials" is a special topic of recent research and is a milestone of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Nanoscale materials are a series of substances/compounds, in which at least one dimension has smaller size than 100 nm. Nanomaterials have a broad area of development, which is growing rapidly day by day. Their impact on commercial applications as well as on the respective academia and education is huge. The basic points of this book can be divided into synthesis of nanomaterials and their applications. For example, special mention is about metal-oxide nanostructures, nanocomposites, and polymeric nanomaterials. Also, synthesis, characterizations, various processes, fabrications and some promising applications are also developed and analyzed.

Handbook of Magnetic Measurements

Handbook of Magnetic Measurements
  • Author : Slawomir Tumanski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9781439829523
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Summary : While magnetic devices are used in a range of applications, the availability of up-to-date books on magnetic measurements is quite limited. Collecting state-of-the-art knowledge from information scattered throughout the literature, Handbook of Magnetic Measurements covers a wide spectrum of topics pertaining to magnetic measurements. It describes m

Properties and Applications of Nanocrystalline Alloys from Amorphous Precursors

Properties and Applications of Nanocrystalline Alloys from Amorphous Precursors
  • Author : Bogdan Idzikowski,Peter Švec,Marcel Miglierini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-30
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781402029653
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Summary : Metallic (magnetic and non-magnetic) nanocrystalline materials have been known for over ten years but only recent developments in the research into those complex alloys and their metastable amorphous precursors have created a need to summarize the most important accomplishments in the field. This book is a collection of articles on various aspects of metallic nanocrystalline materials, and an attempt to address this above need. The main focus of the papers is put on the new issues that emerge in the studies of nanocrystalline materials, and, in particular, on (i) new compositions of the alloys, (ii) properties of conventional nanocrystalline materials, (iii) modeling and simulations, (iv) preparation methods, (v) experimental techniques of measurements, and (vi) different modern applications. Interesting phenomena of the physics of nanocrystalline materials are a consequence of the effects induced by the nanocrystalline structure. They include interface physics, the influence of the grain boundaries, the averaging of magnetic anisotropy by exchange interactions, the decrease in exchange length, and the existence of a minimum two-phase structure at the atomic scale. Attention is also paid to the special character of the local atomic ordering and to the corresponding interatomic bonding as well as to anomalies and particularities of electron density distributions, and to the formation of metastable, nanocrystalline (or quasi-crystalline) phases built from exceptionally small grains with special properties. Another important focus of attention are new classes of materials which are not based on new compositions, but rather on the original and special crystalline structure in the nanoscale.

Nanostructured Semiconductors

Nanostructured Semiconductors
  • Author : Konstantinos Termentzidis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-01
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9781315340784
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Summary : The book is devoted to nanostructures and nanostructured materials containing both amorphous and crystalline phases with a particular focus on their thermal properties. It is the first time that theoreticians and experimentalists from different domains gathered to treat this subject. It contains two distinct parts; the first combines theory and simulations methods with specific examples, while the second part discusses methods to fabricate nanomaterials with crystalline and amorphous phases and experimental techniques to measure the thermal conductivity of such materials. Physical insights are given in the first part of the book, related with the existing theoretical models and the state of art simulations methods (molecular dynamics, ab-initio simulations, kinetic theory of gases). In the second part, engineering advances in the nanofabrication of crystalline/amorphous heterostructures (heavy ion irradiation, electrochemical etching, aging/recrystallization, ball milling, PVD, laser crystallization and magnetron sputtering) and adequate experimental measurement methods are analyzed (Scanning Thermal Microscopy, Raman, thermal wave methods and x-rays neutrons spectroscopy).

Ceramic Materials

Ceramic Materials
  • Author : C. Barry Carter,M. Grant Norton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-04
  • Total pages :766
  • ISBN : 9781461435235
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Summary : Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, comprehensive text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects, and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a wide diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text, and a chapter is devoted to ceramics as gemstones. This course-tested text now includes expanded chapters on the role of ceramics in industry and their impact on the environment as well as a chapter devoted to applications of ceramic materials in clean energy technologies. Also new are expanded sets of text-specific homework problems and other resources for instructors. The revised and updated Second Edition is further enhanced with color illustrations throughout the text.

Thermophysical Properties of Materials

Thermophysical Properties of Materials
  • Author : G. Grimvall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-09-22
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 0080542867
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Summary : This is a thoroughly revised version of the original book published in 1986. About half of the contents of the previous version remain essentially unchanged, and one quarter has been rewritten and updated. The rest consists of completely new and extended material. Recent research has focussed on new materials made through "molecular engineering", and computational materials science through ab initio electron structure calculations. Another trend is the ever growing interdisciplinary aspect of both basic and applied materials science. There is an obvious need for reviews that link well established results to the modern approaches. One purpose of this book is to provide such an overview in a specific field of materials science, namely thermophysical phenomena that are intimately connected with the lattice vibrations of solids. This includes, e.g., elastic properties and electrical and thermal transport. Furthermore, this book attempts to present the results in such a form that the reader can clearly see their domain of applicability, for instance if and how they depend on crystal structure, defects, applied pressure, crystal anisotropy etc. The level and presentation is such that the results can be immediately used in research. Graduate students in condensed matter physics, metallurgy, inorganic chemistry or geophysical materials will benefit from this book as will theoretical physicists and scientists in industrial research laboratories.

Magnetic Components for Power Electronics

Magnetic Components for Power Electronics
  • Author : Alex Goldman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9781461508717
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Summary : Magnetic Components for Power Electronics concerns the important considerations necessary in the choice of the optimum magnetic component for power electronic applications. These include the topology of the converter circuit, the core material, shape, size and others such as cost and potential component suppliers. These are all important for the design engineer due to the emergence of new materials, changes in supplier management and the examples of several component choices. Suppliers using this volume will also understand the needs of designers. Highlights include: Emphasis on recently introduced new ferrite materials, such as those operating at megahertz frequencies and under higher DC drive conditions; Discussion of amorphous and nanocrystalline metal materials; New technologies such as resonance converters, power factors correction (PFC) and soft switching; Catalog information from over 40 magnetic component suppliers; Examples of methods of component choice for ferrites, amorphous nanocrystalline materials; Information on suppliers management changes such as those occurring at Siemens, Philips, Thomson and Allied-Signal; Attention to the increasingly important concerns about EMI. This book should be especially helpful for power electronic circuit designers, technical executives, and material science engineers involved with power electronic components.

Melt-Quenched Nanocrystals

Melt-Quenched Nanocrystals
  • Author : A. M. Glezer,I. E. Permyakova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-17
  • Total pages :369
  • ISBN : 9781466594159
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Summary : Melt quenching—the method of quenching from the liquid state—provides new opportunities for producing advanced materials with a unique combination of properties. In the process of melt quenching, attainment of critical cooling rates can produce specific structural states of the material. Nanocrystalline materials produced by melt quenching are classified as nanomaterials not only by their nanoscale structural elements but also by the effects these elements have on the properties of the material. The result of 30 years of research, Melt-Quenched Nanocrystals presents a detailed and systematic analysis of the nanostructured state formed in the process of melt quenching and subsequent thermal and deformation effects. It covers the metallurgical and mechanical properties of nanomaterials, focusing particularly on properties derived from nanocrystals and their agglomeration. The text introduces four different types of nanocrystals that can be produced by melt quenching, each having different structures and properties: Type I nanocrystals formed when crystallization takes place completely during melt quenching Type II nanocrystals formed when melt quenching is accompanied by amorphous state formation along with partial or complete crystallization Type III nanocrystals formed when melt quenching results in the formation of the amorphous state, and nanocrystals can be produced as a result of the subsequent thermal effect Type IV nanocrystals formed when melt quenching leads to the formation of the amorphous state, and nanocrystals can be produced as a result of the subsequent deformation effect The possible uses for these materials are extensive, with applications from coatings to biological compatibility. The final section of the book presents a discussion of existing and future applications of nanocrystals produced by different melt-quenching methods.

Materials Chemistry of Ceramics

Materials Chemistry of Ceramics
  • Author : Junichi Hojo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-15
  • Total pages :233
  • ISBN : 9789811399350
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Summary : This book provides fundamental knowledge of ceramics science and technology in a compact volume. Based on inorganic chemistry, it is intended as a reader for graduate students and young researchers beginning work in ceramics. The importance of the book is that it provides a scientific understanding of structure, properties, and processing from the chemical aspect, leading to creation of future ceramics. Ceramics have high hardness, strength, thermal and chemical stability, as well as various electromagnetic functions. To take full advantage of ceramics, their use has been advanced to engineering and electronic ceramics. Most ceramics have been fabricated by powder processing, and new technologies have also evolved such as CVD and sol-gel methods: new ceramics aimed at new functions of highly pure oxides and artificial nitrides, carbides, and borides; fine ceramics focused on precise control of composition and microstructure; and design of unique morphology, such as nanoparticles, nanofibers, nanosheets, mesoporous materials, and hybrids. Materials are composed of atoms and molecules. They are assembled into crystals and are amorphous, leading to 3-D micro/nano structures. In addition to the topics described above, this book shows the importance of chemistry for materials design at the nanometer scale, and that chemistry develops new fields of environment, energy, informatics, biomaterials, and other areas.