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An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology

An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology
  • Author : Mikko Nikinmaa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-01
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9780124115811
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Summary : An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology is an introductory reference for all aspects of toxicology pertaining to aquatic environments. As water sources diminish, the need to understand the effects that contaminants may have on aquatic organisms and ecosystems increases in importance. This book will provide you with a solid understanding of aquatic toxicology, its past, its cutting-edge present and its likely future. An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology will introduce you to the global issue of aquatic contamination, detailing the major sources of contamination, from where they originate, and their effects on aquatic organisms and their environment. State-of-the-art toxicological topics covered include nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, bioinformatics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, as well as water management and the toxicological effects of major environmental issues such as algal blooms, climate change and ocean acidification. This book is intended for anyone who wants to know more about the impact of toxicants on aquatic organisms and ecosystems, or to keep up to date with recent and future developments in the field. Provides with the latest perspectives on the impacts of toxicants on aquatic environments, such as nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, ocean acidification and eutrophication Offers a complete overview, beginning with the origins of aquatic toxicology and concluding with potential future challenges Includes guidance on testing methods and a glossary of aquatic toxicology terms.

Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology

Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology
  • Author : Gary M. Rand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-10-05
  • Total pages :1125
  • ISBN : 1560320907
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Summary : This text is divided into three parts. The first part describes basic toxicological concepts and methodologies used in aquatic toxicity testing, including the philosophies underlying testing strategies now required to meet and support regulatory standards. The second part of the book discusses various factors that affect transport, transformation, ultimate distribution, and accumulation of chemicals in the aquatic environment, along with the use of modelling to predict fate.; The final section of the book reviews types of effects or endpoints evaluated in field studies and the use of structure-activity relationships in aquatic toxicology to predict biological activity and physio-chemical properties of a chemical. This section also contains an extensive background of environmental legislation in the USA and within the European Community, and an introduction to hazard/risk assessment with case studies.

Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology

Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology
  • Author : Peter G. Wells,Kenneth Lee,Christian Blaise
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-04
  • Total pages :720
  • ISBN : 9781351431453
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Summary : Bioassays are among the ecotoxicologist's most effective weapons in the evaluation of water quality and the assessment of ecological impacts of effluents, chemicals, discharges, and emissions on the aquatic environment. Information on these assessment aids is needed throughout the international scientific and environmental management community. This comprehensive reference provides an excellent overview of the small-scale aquatic bioassay techniques and applications currently in use around the world. This special volume is the result of several years of collaboration between Environment Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Internationally recognized research scientists at many institutions have contributed to this state-of-the-art examination of the exciting, environmentally important field of microscale testing in aquatic toxicology. Microscale Testing in Aquatic Toxicology contains over forty chapters covering relevant principles, new techniques and recent advancements, and applications in scientific research, environmental management, academia, and the private sector.

Fundamentals of Aquatic Toxicology

Fundamentals of Aquatic Toxicology
  • Author : & Pet Rand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : UOM:39015021641108
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Summary :

Introduction to Environmental Toxicology

Introduction to Environmental Toxicology
  • Author : Wayne Landis,Ruth Sofield,Ming-Ho Yu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-29
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9781498750462
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Summary : The fifth edition includes new sections on the use of adverse outcome pathways, how climate change changes how we think about toxicology, and a new chapter on contaminants of emerging concern. Additional information is provided on the derivation of exposure-response curves to describe toxicity and they are compared to the use of hypothesis testing. The text is unified around the theme of describing the entire cause-effect pathway from the importance of chemical structure in determining exposure and interaction with receptors to the use of complex systems and hierarchical patch dynamic theory to describe effects to landscapes.

The Toxicology of Fishes

The Toxicology of Fishes
  • Author : Richard T. Di Giulio,David E. Hinton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-02-25
  • Total pages :1096
  • ISBN : 0203647297
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Summary : When looking for a book on fish toxicology, you might find one that discusses the biochemical and molecular aspects, or one that focuses aquatic toxicology in general. You can find resources that cover human and animal toxicology or ecotoxicology in general, but no up-to-date, comprehensive monograph devoted to the effects of chemical pollution on these organisms has been widely available, until now. Filling this void, The Toxicology of Fishes, written by recognized experts, covers toxic responses ranging from reduced reproduction and/or abnormal development, growth, and differentiation. General Principles — Discusses fundamental topics such as the bioavailability of chemicals present in the aquatic environment to fishes, processes governing chemical distribution within these organisms, how fish metabolize organic chemicals, and fundamental mechanisms of chemical toxicity Key Target Systems and Organismal Effects — Describes key target organ systems for chemical impacts in fish, how chemicals produce cancer in these animals, and how fishes can develop resistance to chemical toxicity Methodologies and Applications — Dovers methods for the assessment of chemical effects on fish such as toxicity tests, biomarkers, simulated ecosystems, and modeling approaches and the use of data from such studies in ecological risk assessments Case Studies — Provides examples of how the principles and approaches presented in earlier units are actually deployed in studies Illustrated by case studies of actual, large-scale field investigations, the book reviews the tools used to assess unwanted effects in laboratory model- and wild fish in detail. With 238 illustrations, 70 tables, and 50 equations, this comprehensive monograph presents detailed information on the boiavailability of chemical pollutants, their distribution, metabolism, and excretion in the host fish and mechanisms and sites of toxic responses.

The Handbook of Histopathological Practices in Aquatic Environments

The Handbook of Histopathological Practices in Aquatic Environments
  • Author : Pedro M. Costa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-27
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9780128120316
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Summary : The Handbook of Histopathological Practices in Aquatic Environments: Guide to Histology for Environmental Toxicology offers readers in aquatic biology and other water-based environmental sciences a comprehensive resource on histopathology, which is a key tool in the growing field of ecotoxicology. This work brings together the necessary knowledge, from sample preparation, to trait identification, and scoring and data treatment. Furthermore, with examples from several groups of organisms (from worms to fish), these practices can be applied across a wide array of aquatic ecosystems. This book provides a step-by-step approach to solving the questions researchers encounter in aquatic biology and related fields. Offers examples from a broad range of aquatic organisms, replacing sparse, dispersed and often aged literature Covers a variety of organisms, including hard to find, non-commercial and non-model species Provides an in-depth understanding of how and why techniques are used, as opposed to just a list of procedures Combines, in a single work, everything from sample handling to scoring

Aquatic Ecotoxicology

Aquatic Ecotoxicology
  • Author : Claude Amiard-Triquet,Jean-Claude Amiard,Catherine Mouneyrac
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-11
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 9780128011768
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Summary : Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Advancing Tools for Dealing with Emerging Risks presents a thorough look at recent advances in aquatic ecotoxicology and their application in assessing the risk of well-known and emerging environmental contaminants. This essential reference, brought together by leading experts in the field, guides users through existing and novel approaches to environmental risk assessment, then presenting recent advances in the field of ecotoxicology, including omics-based technologies, biomarkers, and reference species. The book then demonstrates how these advances can be used to design and perform assays to discover the toxicological endpoints of emerging risks within the aquatic environment, such as nanomaterials, personal care products, PFOS and chemical mixtures. The text is an invaluable reference for any scientist who studies the effects of contaminants on organisms that live within aquatic environments. Provides the latest perspectives on emerging toxic risks to aquatic environments, such as nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals, chemical mixtures, and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) Offers practical guidance on recent advances to help in choosing the most appropriate toxicological assay Presents case studies and information on a variety of reference species to help put the ecotoxicological theory into practical risk assess

Basic Environmental Toxicology

Basic Environmental Toxicology
  • Author : Lorris G. Cockerham,Barbara S. Shane
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-05
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9781351464635
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Summary : Basic Environmental Toxicology provides a thorough, systematic introduction to environmental toxicology and addresses many of the effects of pollutants on humans, animals, and the environment. Readers are introduced to the fundamentals of toxicology and ecotoxicology, the effects of different types of toxicants, and how toxicants affect different compartments of the environment. Fundamental aspects of environmental health, occupational health, detection of pollutants, and risk assessment are discussed. The book is excellent for anyone involved in risk assessment or risk management, toxicologists, state and local public health officials, environmental engineers, industrial managers, consultants, and students taking environmental toxicology courses.

New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring

New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring
  • Author : Guido Persoone,Colin Janssen,Wim De Coen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9781461542896
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Summary : The determination of the hazards resulting from the accidental or deli berate contamination of terrestrial and aquatic environments is in most countries still lirnited to the detection and quantification of the suspected pollutants by chemical analyses. Such an approach is unfortunately hampered by the following constraints : the costs as weil as the technical difficulties of analyzing every individual chemical which may be present in the sampies, and the difficulty of assessing the hazards and risks of environmental contaminations from a set of chemical data. During the last decades the scientific and regulatory community has gradually realized that biological methodologies have to be taken into consideration for an ecologically meaningful assessment of the toxicological hazards of contaminants. Effect evaluations obtained with biological techniques indeed integrate the impact of all the contaminants to which living biota are exposed. Bioassays with selected test species representative for the biological commumtles of the environments under consideration, are now applied more or less regularly to determine toxic and genotoxic effects. Taking into account the species specific and chemical specific character of toxicity to biota, the necessity of a «battery of tests» approach with species of different trophic levels is currently also generally accepted and implemented. It is dear that a balanced partnership between chemical, biological, toxicological and microbiological analyses is always the best strategy for generating the broadest information base on environmental hazards.

Toxicology

Toxicology
  • Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-26
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9789535127161
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Summary : This edited book, Toxicology - New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum, is intended to provide an overview on the different xenobiotics employed every day in our anthropogenic activities. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the implications for the living species of known and new toxicants and to guide them in the future investigations.

A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology

A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology
  • Author : J.P.F. D'Mello
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-04
  • Total pages :673
  • ISBN : 9781786394675
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Summary : Written by an international team of authors from a range of educational, medical and research establishments, this book is an essential reference for advanced students and researchers in the areas of environmental sciences, ecology, agriculture, environmental health and medicine, in addition to industry and government personnel responsible for environmental regulations and directives. A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology focuses on two key aspects: human disorders and ecotoxicology as affected by major toxins originating from biological sources and pollutants, as well as radiation generated spontaneously or as a result of anthropogenic activity. A diverse array of these potentially harmful agents regularly appear in the atmosphere, soil, water and food, compromising both human health and biodiversity in natural and managed ecosystems.

Encyclopedia of Toxicology

Encyclopedia of Toxicology
  • Author : Bruce Anderson,Ann de Peyster,Shayne C. Gad,P.J. Bert Hakkinen,Michael Kamrin,Betty Locey,Harihara M. Mehendale,Carey Pope,Lee Shugart
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-31
  • Total pages :2000
  • ISBN : 9780080548005
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Summary : The second edition of the Encyclopedia of Toxicology continues its comprehensive survey of toxicology. This new edition continues to present entries devoted to key concepts and specific chemicals. There has been an increase in entries devoted to international organizations and well-known toxic-related incidents such as Love Canal and Chernobyl. Along with the traditional scientifically based entries, new articles focus on the societal implications of toxicological knowledge including environmental crimes, chemical and biological warfare in ancient times, and a history of the U.S. environmental movement. With more than 1150 entries, this second edition has been expanded in length, breadth and depth, and provides an extensive overview of the many facets of toxicology. Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. *Second edition has been expanded to 4 volumes *Encyclopedic A-Z arrangement of chemicals and all core areas of the science of toxicology *Covers related areas such as organizations, toxic accidents, historical and social issues, and laws *New topics covered include computational toxicology, cancer potency factors, chemical accidents, non-lethal chemical weapons, drugs of abuse, and consumer products and many more!

Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Environment

Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Environment
  • Author : P. A. Krenkel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9781483144436
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Summary : Heavy Metals in the Aquatic Environment contains the proceedings of an international conference held in Nashville, Tennessee in December 1973. This conference is co-sponsored by the International Association on Water Pollution Research, the Sport Fishing Institute, the American Fishing Tackle Manufacturers Association, and Vanderbilt University's Department of Environmental and Water Resources Engineering. Contributors focus on the hazards posed by heavy metals present in the aquatic environment and how to control them. This text consists of 45 chapters divided into eight sections. This book assesses the environmental impact of heavy metals found in the aquatic environment; the economic impact of removing them from waste effluents; and the costs vs. benefits attained by their removal. The social costs are also evaluated. After an introduction to dose-response relationships resulting from human exposure to methylmercury compounds, the discussion turns to the toxicity of cadmium in relation to itai-itai disease; the effects of heavy metals on fish and aquatic organisms; and the analytical methods used for measuring concentrations of methylmercury and other heavy metals. The next sections explore the transport, distribution, and removal of heavy metals, along with regulations, standards, surveillance, and monitoring aimed at addressing the problem. This book will be of interest to planners and policymakers involved in water pollution control.

Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals

Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals
  • Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-22
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9789535121459
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Summary : This edited book, Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals, is intended to provide an overview of toxicology that examines the hazardous effects of common agrochemicals employed every day in our agricultural practices. Furthermore, it is hoped that the information in the present book will be of value to those directly engaged in the handling and use of agrochemicals and that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the different aspects of human and environmental risk toxicities.

Aquatic Toxicology

Aquatic Toxicology
  • Author : L. L. Marking
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :403
  • ISBN : 0803102798
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Summary : 1. Applications and principles of physiological toxicology; 2. Toxicological methodology and data; 3. Bioaccumulation of aquatic contaminants; 4. fate of chemicals in the environment.

Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment

Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment
  • Author : Robert L. Graney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-26
  • Total pages :736
  • ISBN : 9781000157833
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Summary : A Special Publication of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment discusses the methods currently used for conducting simulated field studies and provides a series of case histories in which mesocosm type studies have been used to assess the impact of pesticides on aquatic ecosystems. Specific chapters address the dosing and exposure components of such studies and how they influence experimental design. Advantages and disadvantages of various statistical designs are addressed in detail. Regulatory aspects of the design and interpretation of these studies are also covered. The book will be a superb reference for aquatic biologists, ecologists, toxicologists, environmental toxicologists, environmental chemists, and regulatory personnel.

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems
  • Author : PatrickL. Brezonik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-08
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9781351461511
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Summary : Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems is devoted to chemical reactions and biogeochemical processes in aquatic systems. The book provides a thorough analysis of the principles, mathematics, and analytical tools used in chemical, microbial, and reactor kinetics. It also presents a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the kinetics of important chemical processes in aquatic environments. Aquatic photochemistry and correlation methods (e.g., LFERs and QSARs) to predict process rates are covered. Numerous examples are included, and each chapter has a detailed bibliography and problems sets. The book will be an excellent text/reference for professionals and students in such fields as aquatic chemistry, limnology, aqueous geochemistry, microbial ecology, marine science, environmental and water resources engineering, and geochemistry.

Aquatic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate

Aquatic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate
  • Author : Donat-P Häder,Kunshan Gao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-16
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9780429790058
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Summary : Global climate change affects productivity and species composition of freshwater and marine aquatic ecosystems by raising temperatures, ocean acidification, excessive solar UV and visible radiation. Effects on bacterioplankton and viruses, phytoplankton and macroalgae have farreaching consequences for primary consumers such as zooplankton, invertebrates and vertebrates, as well as on human consumption of fish, crustaceans and mollusks. It has affected the habitation of the Arctic and Antarctic oceans the most so far. Increasing pollution from terrestrial runoff, industrial, municipal and household wastes as well as marine transportation and plastic debris also affect aquatic ecosystems.

Biochemical Ecotoxicology

Biochemical Ecotoxicology
  • Author : Francois Gagne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-07
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9780124116238
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Summary : Biochemical Ecotoxicology: Principles and Methods presents practical approaches to biochemical ecotoxicology experiments for environmental protection and conservation. With its methodical, stepped approach this essential reference introduces readers to current techniques for toxicity endpoint testing, suitable for laboratories of any size and budget. Each chapter presents a state-of-the-art principle, a quick and inexpensive procedure (including appropriate reagents), case studies, and demonstrations on how to analyze your results. Generic techniques are covered, suitable for a variety of organisms, as well as high-throughput techniques like quantitative polymerase chain reactions and enzyme-linked immunoassays. Cutting-edge approaches, including gPCR arrays and lipidomic techniques, are also included, making this is an essential reference for anyone who needs to assess environmental toxicity. Practical, cost-effective approaches to assess environmental toxicity endpoints for all types of organism Presents theory, methods, case studies and information on how to analyze results State-of-the-art techniques, such as ‘omics’ approaches to toxicology

Personal Care Products in the Aquatic Environment

Personal Care Products in the Aquatic Environment
  • Author : M. Silvia Díaz‐Cruz,Damià Barceló
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-10
  • Total pages :413
  • ISBN : 9783319188096
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Summary : This volume offers an overview of the occurrence and distribution of personal care products in continental and marine waters, presents analytical methods and degradation technologies and discusses their impact on human health. Experts from different disciplines highlight major issues for each family of compounds related to their occurrence in the water column as well as in solid and biota samples, methodological strategies for their analysis, non-conventional degradation technologies, (eco)toxicity data and their human and environmental risk assessment. The book also includes a general introduction to personal care products, covering their properties, use, behaviour and regulatory framework, and a final chapter identifying knowledge gaps and future research trends. It will appeal to experts from various fields of research, including analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental engineering.