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An Introduction to Bibliometrics

An Introduction to Bibliometrics
  • Author : Rafael Ball
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-18
  • Total pages :90
  • ISBN : 9780081021514
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Summary : An Introduction to Bibliometrics: New Development and Trends provides a comprehensible, readable and easy to read introduction to bibliometrics. Importantly, the book surveys the latest developments of bibliometrics (such as altmetrics, etc.) and how the field is likely to change over the next decade. In the literature, bibliometrics is generally discussed from one of two perspectives: (1) Purely mathematical/statistical or (2) Its sociological implications. Both approaches are very far from how most users want to apply bibliometrics. This book fills that need by providing tactics on how bibliometrics can be applied to their sphere of scientific activity. Provides readers with an understanding of bibliometric indicators, including their background and significance, classification in quantitative performance, and an evaluation of science and research Includes an overview of the most important indicators, their areas of application, and where and when they should and should not be used Discusses future trends in the quantitative performance evaluation of scientific research

An Introduction to Bibliometrics

An Introduction to Bibliometrics
  • Author : Rafael Ball
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-20
  • Total pages :90
  • ISBN : 008102150X
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Summary : An Introduction to Bibliometrics: New Development and Trends provides a comprehensible, readable and easy to read introduction to bibliometrics. Importantly, the book surveys the latest developments of bibliometrics (such as altmetrics, etc.) and how the field is likely to change over the next decade. In the literature, bibliometrics is generally discussed from one of two perspectives: (1) Purely mathematical/statistical or (2) Its sociological implications. Both approaches are very far from how most users want to apply bibliometrics. This book fills that need by providing tactics on how bibliometrics can be applied to their sphere of scientific activity. Provides readers with an understanding of bibliometric indicators, including their background and significance, classification in quantitative performance, and an evaluation of science and research Includes an overview of the most important indicators, their areas of application, and where and when they should and should not be used Discusses future trends in the quantitative performance evaluation of scientific research

Research Methods for Postgraduates

Research Methods for Postgraduates
  • Author : Tony Greenfield,Sue Greener
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-17
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 9781118341469
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Summary : guidance in all subject areas Editor:Tony Greenfield, Industrial Statistics Research Unit (ISRU), University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK Research Methods for Postgraduates brings together guidance for postgraduate students on how to organise, plan and do research from an interdisciplinary perspective. In this new edition, the already wide-ranging coverage is enhanced by the addition of new chapters on social media, evaluating the research process, Kansei engineering and medical research reporting. The extensive updates also provide the latest guidance on issues relevant to postgraduates in all subject areas, from writing a proposal and securing research funds, to data analysis and the presentation of research, through to intellectual property protection and career opportunities. This thoroughly revised new edition provides: Clear and concise advice from distinguished international researchers on how to plan, organise and conduct research. New chapters explore social media in research, evaluate the research process, Kansei engineering and discuss the reporting of medical research. Check lists and diagrams throughout. Praise for the second edition: “... the most useful book any new postgraduate could ever buy.” (New Scientist) “The book certainly merits its acceptance as essential reading for postgraduates and will be valuable to anyone associated in any way with research or with presentation of technical or scientific information of any kind.”(Robotica) Like its predecessors, the third edition of Research Methods for Postgraduates is accessible and comprehensive, and is a must-read for any postgraduate student.

Handbook Bibliometrics

Handbook Bibliometrics
  • Author : Rafael Ball
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 3110642271
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Summary : Bibliometrics and altmetrics are increasingly becoming the focus of interest in the context of research evaluation. The Handbook Bibliometrics provides a comprehensive introduction to quantifying scientific output in addition to a historical derivation, individual indicators, institutions, application perspectives and data bases. Furthermore, application scenarios, training and qualification on bibliometrics and their implications are considered.

Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis

Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis
  • Author : Nicola De Bellis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-09
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0810867141
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Summary : Can the methods of science be directed toward science itself? How did it happen that scientists, scientific documents, and their bibliographic links came to be regarded as mathematical variables in abstract models of scientific communication? What is the role of quantitative analyses of scientific and technical documentation in current science policy and management? Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics answers these questions through a comprehensive overview of theories, techniques, concepts, and applications in the interdisciplinary and steadily growing field of bibliometrics. Since citation indexes came into the limelight during the mid-1960s, citation networks have become increasingly important for many different research fields. The book begins by investigating the empirical, philosophical, and mathematical foundations of bibliometrics, including its beginnings with the Science Citation Index, the theoretical framework behind it, and its mathematical underpinnings. It then examines the application of bibliometrics and citation analysis in the sciences and science studies, especially the sociology of science and science policy. Finally it provides a view of the future of bibliometrics, exploring in detail the ongoing extension of bibliometric methods to the structure and dynamics of the World Wide Web. This book gives newcomers to the field of bibliometrics an accessible entry point to an entire research tradition otherwise scattered through a vast amount of journal literature. At the same time, it brings to the forefront the cross-disciplinary linkages between the various fields (sociology, philosophy, mathematics, politics) that intersect at the crossroads of citation analysis. Because of its discursive and interdisciplinary approach, the book is useful to those in every area of scholarship involved in the quantitative analysis of information exchanges, but also to science historians and general readers who simply wish to familiarize them

Author Cocitation Analysis: Quantitative Methods for Mapping the Intellectual Structure of an Academic Discipline

Author Cocitation Analysis: Quantitative Methods for Mapping the Intellectual Structure of an Academic Discipline
  • Author : Eom, Sean B.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-30
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781599047409
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Summary : Provides a blueprint for researchers to follow in a wide variety of investigations. Introduces an alternative approach to conducting author cocitation analysis (ACA) without relying on commercial citation databases.

Measuring Academic Research

Measuring Academic Research
  • Author : Ana Andres
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-11
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9781780630182
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Summary : Measuring Academic Research outlines how to undertake a bibliometric study, a topic of vital importance in academic research today. Scientometrics studies assess scientific productivity and can be applied to all disciplines. Many analyses have been applied in relation to bibliometric studies, but few have shown how to actually carry out the analysis. This book provides a guide on how to develop a bibliometric study, from the first step in which the topic study has to be set, to the analysis and interpretation. A practical and easy to read guide on how to carry out a bibliometric study Gives a wide and up-to-date view about the most common scientometric indexes Analyses are illustrated with multiple and practical examples about their application

Bibliometrics and Research Evaluation

Bibliometrics and Research Evaluation
  • Author : Yves Gingras
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-30
  • Total pages :136
  • ISBN : 9780262337663
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Summary : Why bibliometrics is useful for understanding the global dynamics of science but generate perverse effects when applied inappropriately in research evaluation and university rankings. The research evaluation market is booming. “Ranking,” “metrics,” “h-index,” and “impact factors” are reigning buzzwords. Government and research administrators want to evaluate everything—teachers, professors, training programs, universities—using quantitative indicators. Among the tools used to measure “research excellence,” bibliometrics—aggregate data on publications and citations—has become dominant. Bibliometrics is hailed as an “objective” measure of research quality, a quantitative measure more useful than “subjective” and intuitive evaluation methods such as peer review that have been used since scientific papers were first published in the seventeenth century. In this book, Yves Gingras offers a spirited argument against an unquestioning reliance on bibliometrics as an indicator of research quality. Gingras shows that bibliometric rankings have no real scientific validity, rarely measuring what they pretend to. Although the study of publication and citation patterns, at the proper scales, can yield insights on the global dynamics of science over time, ill-defined quantitative indicators often generate perverse and unintended effects on the direction of research. Moreover, abuse of bibliometrics occurs when data is manipulated to boost rankings. Gingras looks at the politics of evaluation and argues that using numbers can be a way to control scientists and diminish their autonomy in the evaluation process. Proposing precise criteria for establishing the validity of indicators at a given scale of analysis, Gingras questions why universities are so eager to let invalid indicators influence their research strategy.

Literature and Bibliometrics

Literature and Bibliometrics
  • Author : David Nicholas,Professor of History David Nicholas,Maureen Ritchie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :183
  • ISBN : UOM:39015020693084
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Summary : Applications of bibliometric research; Sources of bibliometric data; Identifying and defining literature; Describing literature; Size and growth of the literature; Relationships, associations, and groupings; Testing the effectiveness of abstracting and indexing services; Carrying out a bibliometric study; Some notes on sampling.

Research Assessment in the Humanities

Research Assessment in the Humanities
  • Author : Michael Ochsner,Sven E. Hug,Hans-Dieter Daniel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 9783319290164
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Summary : This book analyses and discusses the recent developments for assessing research quality in the humanities and related fields in the social sciences. Research assessments in the humanities are highly controversial and the evaluation of humanities research is delicate. While citation-based research performance indicators are widely used in the natural and life sciences, quantitative measures for research performance meet strong opposition in the humanities. This volume combines the presentation of state-of-the-art projects on research assessments in the humanities by humanities scholars themselves with a description of the evaluation of humanities research in practice presented by research funders. Bibliometric issues concerning humanities research complete the exhaustive analysis of humanities research assessment. The selection of authors is well-balanced between humanities scholars, research funders, and researchers on higher education. Hence, the edited volume succeeds in painting a comprehensive picture of research evaluation in the humanities. This book is valuable to university and science policy makers, university administrators, research evaluators, bibliometricians as well as humanities scholars who seek expert knowledge in research evaluation in the humanities.

Becoming Metric-Wise

Becoming Metric-Wise
  • Author : Ronald Rousseau,Leo Egghe,Raf Guns
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-02
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 9780081024751
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Summary : Becoming Metric-Wise: A Bibliometric Guide for Researchers aims to inform researchers about metrics so that they become aware of the evaluative techniques being applied to their scientific output. Understanding these concepts will help them during their funding initiatives, and in hiring and tenure. The book not only describes what indicators do (or are designed to do, which is not always the same thing), but also gives precise mathematical formulae so that indicators can be properly understood and evaluated. Metrics have become a critical issue in science, with widespread international discussion taking place on the subject across scientific journals and organizations. As researchers should know the publication-citation context, the mathematical formulae of indicators being used by evaluating committees and their consequences, and how such indicators might be misused, this book provides an ideal tome on the topic. Provides researchers with a detailed understanding of bibliometric indicators and their applications Empowers researchers looking to understand the indicators relevant to their work and careers Presents an informed and rounded picture of bibliometrics, including the strengths and shortcomings of particular indicators Supplies the mathematics behind bibliometric indicators so they can be properly understood Written by authors with longstanding expertise who are considered global leaders in the field of bibliometrics

Scholarly Communication and Bibliometrics

Scholarly Communication and Bibliometrics
  • Author : Christine L. Borgman,Belver C. Griffith,Donald Case
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-09
  • Total pages :363
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058019509
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Summary : Hailed as providing new insights into scholarly communication, bibliometrics, or the quantification of bibliographic data, is a set of methods central to the study of formal communication channels. In this volume prestigious international writers, thinkers and commentators in this vital new area of research address questions such as: what are the interdisciplinary contributions of bibliometric methods to scholarly communication (from past to future); What is the relationship between methods currently being applied to this study; Can and should these methods be brought together in a common paradigm?

Meaningful Metrics

Meaningful Metrics
  • Author : Robin Chin Roemer,Rachel Borchardt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04
  • Total pages :241
  • ISBN : 0838987559
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Summary :

Altmetrics for Information Professionals

Altmetrics for Information Professionals
  • Author : Kim Johan Holmberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-03
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9780081002773
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Summary : The goal of any research assessment is to evaluate the value or quality of the research in comparison to other research. As quality is highly subjective and difficult to measure, citations are used as a proxy. Citations are an important part of scholarly communication and a significant component of research evaluation, with the assumption being that highly cited work has influenced the work of many other researchers and hence it is more valuable. Recently we have seen new online data sources being researched for this purpose and disruptive ideas with the power to change research assessment, and perhaps even science as a whole, have been born. Altmetrics is the new research area that investigates the potential of these new data source as indicators of the impact that research has made on the scientific community and beyond, and thus possibly also as indicators of the societal impact of research. This book will present some of these new data sources, findings from earlier altmetrics research, and the disruptive ideas that may radically change scholarly communication. Presents some of the key ideas and innovations in earlier research that have been driving the evolution from bibliometrics to webometrics, and with the advent of social media to altmetrics Discusses the shortcomings and pitfalls of bibliometrics in research evaluation and the potential of altmetrics to overcome some of these shortcomings Presents some of the most important data sources of altmetrics, the aggregators, and the different stakeholders Reviews current research about altmetrics and discusses possible future trends Presents a way to measure and aggregate altmetrics according to the level of impact or type of impact they represent

An Introduction to Neural Networks

An Introduction to Neural Networks
  • Author : Kevin Gurney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 9781482286991
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Summary : Though mathematical ideas underpin the study of neural networks, the author presents the fundamentals without the full mathematical apparatus. All aspects of the field are tackled, including artificial neurons as models of their real counterparts; the geometry of network action in pattern space; gradient descent methods, including back-propagation; associative memory and Hopfield nets; and self-organization and feature maps. The traditionally difficult topic of adaptive resonance theory is clarified within a hierarchical description of its operation. The book also includes several real-world examples to provide a concrete focus. This should enhance its appeal to those involved in the design, construction and management of networks in commercial environments and who wish to improve their understanding of network simulator packages. As a comprehensive and highly accessible introduction to one of the most important topics in cognitive and computer science, this volume should interest a wide range of readers, both students and professionals, in cognitive science, psychology, computer science and electrical engineering.

The Evaluation of Research by Scientometric Indicators

The Evaluation of Research by Scientometric Indicators
  • Author : Peter Vinkler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-20
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781780630250
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Summary : Aimed at academics, academic managers and administrators, professionals in scientometrics, information scientists and science policy makers at all levels. This book reviews the principles, methods and indicators of scientometric evaluation of information processes in science and assessment of the publication activity of individuals, teams, institutes and countries. It provides scientists, science officers, librarians and students with basic and advanced knowledge on evaluative scientometrics. Especially great stress is laid on the methods applicable in practice and on the clarification of quantitative aspects of impact of scientific publications measured by citation indicators. Written by a highly knowledgeable and well-respected scientist in the field Provides practical and realistic quantitative methods for evaluating scientific publication activities of individuals, teams, countries and journals Gives standardized descriptions and classification of the main categories of evaluative scientometrics

An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms for Scientists and Engineers

An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms for Scientists and Engineers
  • Author : David A. Coley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :227
  • ISBN : 9810236026
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Summary : This invaluable book has been designed to be useful to most practising scientists and engineers, whatever their field and however rusty their mathematics and programming might be. The approach taken is largely practical, with algorithms being presented in full and working code (in BASIC, FORTRAN, PASCAL AND C) included on a floppy disk to help the reader get up and running as quickly as possible. The text could also be used as part of an undergraduate course on search and optimisation. Student exercises are included at the end of several of the chapters, many of which are computer-based and designed to encourage exploration of the method.

Green Chemistry in Scientific Literature

Green Chemistry in Scientific Literature
  • Author : Sanjay Sharma,Hasan Demir
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-22
  • Total pages :82
  • ISBN : 9781000764826
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Summary : The study covers recent statistical data of the principles of Green Chemistry, a bibliometric study of research and review papers published between 1999 and 2018, and recent trends of research topics on Green Chemistry. This study collects, processes and refines available information in scientific area. The authors have provided recent statistical data on the principles of Green Chemistry and a bibliometric analysis of published review and research articles, as well as trends of research topics, in this unique volume. Key Features: Provides a comprehensive review of recent statistical data on the principles of Green Chemistry. Presents a bibliometric analysis of published reviews and research articles as well as the trends of research topics in Green Chemistry. Surveys and critically analyzes Green Chemistry literature The subject matter is timely since tracking of research trends in the Green Chemistry field is important for directing future research

Altmetrics

Altmetrics
  • Author : Andy Tattersall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-21
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781783300105
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Summary : This book gives an overview of altmetrics, its tools and how to implement them successfully to boost and measure research outputs. New methods of scholarly communication and dissemination of information are having a huge impact on how academics and researchers build profiles and share research. This groundbreaking and highly practical guide looks at the role that library and information professionals can play in facilitating these new ways of working and demonstrating impact and influence. Altmetrics focuses on research artefact level metrics that are not exclusive to traditional journal papers but also extend to book chapters, posters and data sets, among other items. This book explains the theory behind altmetrics, including how it came about, why it can help academics and where it sits amongst current measurements of impact. Editor Andy Tattersall draws on the expertise of leading altmetric innovators and practitioners, with chapters from Euan Adie, the founder of Altmetric.com; William Gunn, the Head of Academic Outreach at Mendeley and Ben Showers, author of the bestselling Facet title Library Analytics and Metrics. Readership: Altmetrics will empower library and information professionals working in higher education, researchers, academics and higher education leaders and strategists to develop the skills and knowledge needed to introduce and support altmetrics within their own institutions.

Measuring Research

Measuring Research
  • Author : Cassidy R. Sugimoto,Vincent Larivière
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :149
  • ISBN : 9780190640118
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Summary : Policy makers, academic administrators, scholars, and members of the public are clamoring for indicators of the value and reach of research. The question of how to quantify the impact and importance of research and scholarly output, from the publication of books and journal articles to the indexing of citations and tweets, is a critical one in predicting innovation, and in deciding what sorts of research is supported and whom is hired to carry it out. There is a wide set of data and tools available for measuring research, but they are often used in crude ways, and each have their own limitations and internal logics. Measuring Research: What Everyone Needs to Know� will provide, for the first time, an accessible account of the methods used to gather and analyze data on research output and impact. Following a brief history of scholarly communication and its measurement -- from traditional peer review to crowdsourced review on the social web -- the book will look at the classification of knowledge and academic disciplines, the differences between citations and references, the role of peer review, national research evaluation exercises, the tools used to measure research, the many different types of measurement indicators, and how to measure interdisciplinarity. The book also addresses emerging issues within scholarly communication, including whether or not measurement promotes a "publish or perish" culture, fraud in research, or "citation cartels." It will also look at the stakeholders behind these analytical tools, the adverse effects of these quantifications, and the future of research measurement.

An Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis

An Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis
  • Author : James F. Epperson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-06
  • Total pages :663
  • ISBN : 9781118626238
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Summary : Praise for the First Edition ". . . outstandingly appealing with regard to its style, contents, considerations of requirements of practice, choice of examples, and exercises." —Zentrablatt Math ". . . carefully structured with many detailed worked examples . . ." —The Mathematical Gazette ". . . an up-to-date and user-friendly account . . ." —Mathematika An Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis addresses the mathematics underlying approximation and scientific computing and successfully explains where approximation methods come from, why they sometimes work (or don't work), and when to use one of the many techniques that are available. Written in a style that emphasizes readability and usefulness for the numerical methods novice, the book begins with basic, elementary material and gradually builds up to more advanced topics. A selection of concepts required for the study of computational mathematics is introduced, and simple approximations using Taylor's Theorem are also treated in some depth. The text includes exercises that run the gamut from simple hand computations, to challenging derivations and minor proofs, to programming exercises. A greater emphasis on applied exercises as well as the cause and effect associated with numerical mathematics is featured throughout the book. An Introduction to Numerical Methods and Analysis is the ideal text for students in advanced undergraduate mathematics and engineering courses who are interested in gaining an understanding of numerical methods and numerical analysis.