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An Introduction to Dust Explosions

An Introduction to Dust Explosions
  • Author : Paul Dr. Amyotte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-14
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9780123972637
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Summary : Preventable dust explosions continue to occur in industry in spite of significant research and practice efforts worldwide over many years. There is a need for effective understanding of the unique hazards posed by combustible dust. This book describes a number of dust explosion myths – which together cover the main source of dust explosion hazards – the reasons they exist and the corresponding scientific and engineering facts that mitigate these circumstances. An Introduction to Dust Explosions describes the main erroneous beliefs about the origin and propagation of dust explosions. It offers fact-based explanations for their occurrence and the impact of such events and provides a critical guide to managing and mitigating dust explosion risks. Designed to prevent accidents, injury, loss of life and capital damage An easy-to-read, scientifically rigorous treatment of the facts and fictions of dust explosions for those who need to – or ought to – understand dust explosions, their occurrence and consequences Enables the management and mitigation of these critical industrial hazards

Dust Explosion Dynamics

Dust Explosion Dynamics
  • Author : Russell A. Ogle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-10
  • Total pages :686
  • ISBN : 9780128038291
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Summary : Dust Explosion Dynamics focuses on the combustion science that governs the behavior of the three primary hazards of combustible dust: dust explosions, flash fires, and smoldering. It explores the use of fundamental principles to evaluate the magnitude of combustible dust hazards in a variety of settings. Models are developed to describe dust combustion phenomena using the principles of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, and chemical kinetics. Simple, tractable models are described first and compared with experimental data, followed by more sophisticated models to help with future challenges. Dr. Ogle introduces the reader to just enough combustion science so that they may read, interpret, and use the scientific literature published on combustible dusts. This introductory text is intended to be a practical guide to the application of combustible dust models, suitable for both students and experienced engineers. It will help you to describe the dynamics of explosions and fires involving dust and evaluate their consequences which in turn will help you prevent damage to property, injury and loss of life from combustible dust accidents. Demonstrates how the fundamental principles of combustion science can be applied to understand the ignition, propagation, and extinction of dust explosions Explores fundamental concepts through model-building and comparisons with empirical data Provides detailed examples to give a thorough insight into the hazards of combustible dust as well as an introduction to relevant scientific literature

Methods in Chemical Process Safety

Methods in Chemical Process Safety
  • Author : Faisal Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128175507
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Summary : Process safety is a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes handling hazardous substances. Continued occurrence of major losses have had a significant impact on the industry's approaches to modern process safety. Consequently, the process safety management is now globally recognized as the primary approach for establishing the level of safety in operations required to manage high-hazard processes. With this in mind, and also due to the evolution in regulatory thinking that integrated traditional occupational safety with process safety, several process safety methods were developed by industry associations around the world. Although all these methods share the same basic objectives, the number of program elements may vary depending on the criteria used. Consequently, selecting the best method to chemical process safety could be challenging due to the existence of different options. I decided to write this project to address this challenge by provide an overview of the most important recent advancements and contributions in chemical process safety. The project helps researchers and professionals to obtain guidance on the selection and practice of chemical process safety methods. The main features of this volume are: To acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of the process safety To provide most recent advancements and contributions in the given topic from practical point of view To provide readers views/opinions of the expert in each topic To provide guidance on the practice of the given topic The selection of the author(s) of each chapter from among the leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic

Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
  • Author : P. Field
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9780444596444
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Summary : Handbook of Powder Technology, Volume 4: Dust Explosions presents the dust explosion problem in general terms and describes how and why dusts explode. This book discusses the various approaches used to deal with the dust explosion hazards. Organized into five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the methods used to assess, remove, or minimize the hazard of dust explosions. This text then examines the factors that influence the initiation and severity of an explosion. Other chapters consider the explosion prevention and explosion protection techniques. This book discusses as well the characteristics of a dust explosion and the historical development of the problem. The final chapter deals with the significant concept of explosion protection to reduce the worst effects of an explosion to an acceptable level. This book is a valuable resource for managers, engineers, scientists, safety personnel, and others involved in the handling ad processing of materials in solid particulate form.

Dust Explosions in the Process Industries

Dust Explosions in the Process Industries
  • Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-07-18
  • Total pages :719
  • ISBN : 0080488749
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Summary : Unfortunately, dust explosions are common and costly in a wide array of industries such as petrochemical, food, paper and pharmaceutical. It is imperative that practical and theoretical knowledge of the origin, development, prevention and mitigation of dust explosions is imparted to the responsible safety manager. The material in this book offers an up to date evaluation of prevalent activities, testing methods, design measures and safe operating techniques. Also provided is a detailed and comprehensive critique of all the significant phases relating to the hazard and control of a dust explosion. An invaluable reference work for industry, safety consultants and students. A completely new chapter on design of electrical equipment to be used in areas containing combustible/explosible dust A substantially extended and re-organized final review chapter, containing nearly 400 new literature references from the years 1997-2002 Extensive cross-referencing from the original chapters 1-7 to the corresponding sections of the expanded review chapter

Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
  • Author : Jean Cross,Donald Farrer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781461568698
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Summary : The interest of the media in dust explosions increased considerably following two major grain-elevator disasters in the United States in 1979. However, these were not isolated incidents and were statistically unusual only in the high loss of life involved. Any oxidizable material that is dispersed in fine powder form may be explosive, and ignition sources with sufficient energy to ignite a dust cloud are easily produced in normal industrial processing. Dust fires and minor incidents are not uncommon in many industries, but fortunately the combination of events and circumstances that must coincide for a large-scale explosion arise only rarely. Nevertheless, this is often more by luck than by good management and many potentially hazardous situations are common in industry. An explosive dust cloud and the circumstances in which it can ignite are not as simple to define as the equivalent situation in gases or flammable vapors. A large number of definitions and experimental tests have been devised to characterize the explosibility of dusts and ignition sources. The aim of this book is to provide a guide describing conditions in industry that could lead to dust explosions and the means to avoid them. Ignition sources and the way in which they can arise in powder processing are discussed and illustrated by case histories of reported incidents. The methods by which the potential hazards of a process or product can be evaluated are described, with special attention paid to the interpretation of the results of the different experimental methods.

Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Handbook

Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Handbook
  • Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-27
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9781118773789
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Summary : This handy volume is a ready “go to” reference forthe chemical engineer, plant manager, process engineer, or chemistworking in industrial settings where dust explosions could be aconcern, such as the process industries, coal industry, metalindustry, and others. Though dust explosions have been aroundsince the Earth first formed, and they have been studied andwritten about since the 1500s, they are still an ongoing concernand occur almost daily somewhere in the world, from bakeries tofertilizer plants. Dust explosions can have devastating consequences, and,recently, there have been new industrial standards and guidelinesthat reflect safer, more reasonable methods for dealing withmaterials to prevent dust explosions and resultant fires. This book not only presents these new developments for engineersand managers, but it offers a thorough and deep coverage of thesubject, starting with a complete overview of dust, how it forms,when it is in danger of exploding, and how this risk can bemitigated. There is also a general coverage of explosions andthe environments that foster them. Further chapters cover individual industries, such as metal andcoal, and there is an appendix that outlines best practices forpreventing dust explosions and fire and how these risks can besystematically mitigated by these implementations. There isalso a handy glossary of terms for easy access, not only for theveteran engineer or chemist, but for the student or newhire. This ready reference is one of the most useful texts that anengineer or chemist could have at their side. With so manyaccidents still occurring in industry today and so many hazards,this volume pinpoints the most common and easiest ways for theengineer to go about his daily business safely, efficiently, andprofitably, with no extraneous tables or theoreticaltreatises. A must have for any engineer, scientist, orchemist working with materials that could result in dust explosionsor fire.

Gas, Dust and Hybrid Explosions

Gas, Dust and Hybrid Explosions
  • Author : W.E. Baker,M.J. Tang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9780444598097
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Summary : Damaging accidental explosions are a continuous threat to industry. Categories for such explosions include combustible dust explosions; reactive gas explosions, both confined and unconfined; hybrid explosions involving both gases and dusts; bursts of pressure vessels and piping; and liquid propellant explosions. This book evaluates the physical processes and resulting blast effects for these types of explosions. Special attention is given to reactive gas explosions, both confined and unconfined. This latter class of explosion has occurred all too frequently in refineries and petrochemical complexes, and is also one of the most difficult to predict and evaluate. Much recent work on this topic is reviewed and summarized. This is the only publication of its kind, to date, that offers such a thorough coverage of these types of industrial explosions. [p] Each class of explosion source is reviewed separately, first discussing fundamentals, then presenting methods of analysis and testing, and finally giving curves or equations to predict effects of the particular class of explosion. An extensive bibliography is included together with tables of pertinent properties of explosive materials. The text also includes many figures, equations, tables and a keyword index. The book is intended for researchers in the field of characterizing and mitigating industrial explosions. It will also be of interest to engineers, scientists, and insurers involved in processes.

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries
  • Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-14
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9780128032749
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Summary : Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, delivers the most current and comprehensive content for today’s process engineer. Process safety and petrochemical engineers inherently accept that there is a risk of explosions when working on process facilities such as plants and refineries. Yet many that enter this field do not have a fundamental starting point to understand the nature of explosions, and there are a lot of misconceptions and impartial information in the market. Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, answers this need by providing engineers and consultants a go-to reference and training guide to understand the principles of explosions, what causes them, and how to mitigate and prevent them from reoccurring. Enhanced to include new chapters on BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects from accidental explosions, this guide continues to fulfill a comprehensive introduction to the subject, rounded out with new case studies, references, and a discussion on methods of hazard and risk analysis. Offers a comprehensive introduction to process safety Includes updated new chapters on Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions (BLEVE), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects for accidental explosions Gains new case studies, references, and standards to stay on top of what is new and critical Establishes the starting point to process safety and understanding the fundamentals of explosions and how to mitigate them

Dust Explosions and Fires

Dust Explosions and Fires
  • Author : K. N. Palmer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1973
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4534850
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Summary :

Development and Control of Dust Explosions

Development and Control of Dust Explosions
  • Author : John Nagy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-22
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781351455602
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Summary : In all the diverse industries-from food and agriculture to plastics- where combustibledust exists, the possibility of an explosion looms as an ever-present threat. Gathering awealth of practical , theoretical , and experimental data, this important work provides a‘state-of-the-art study of the Development and Control of Dust Explosions, promotingimproved control over such hazards.Comprehensive in scope, this single-source reference presents invaluable guidelines for awide variety of planning and operational activities , including calcu lation of explosionpressure and vent area required to minimize explosion damage . . . the development ofmathematical mode ls used in the evaluation of explosion phenomena . .. determinationof the effect of numerous factors on explosion development ... and control and preventionof the ignition of dust by eliminating the fines in a product.With this outstanding book, industrial, safety , mechanical , manufacturing, loss prevention, fire protection, and chemical engineers; as well as plant managers, operators, anddesigners ; and all other specialists concerned with the possibility of dust exp losions nowhave an authoritative reference. The book also serves as the basis for further research inthis important field. In addition , the unique range of data included makes th is volumeideal for in-house training programs, professional seminars, and college-level coursesstudying explosion safety and safety engineering .

Introduction to Dust Explosions

Introduction to Dust Explosions
  • Author : M. Hertzberg,KL. Cashdollar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :28
  • ISBN : OCLC:1251661006
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Summary : This Bureau of Mines paper is an introduction to the subject of dust explosions. The phenomena associated with the occurrence of dust explosions are described in general terms, with several specific examples of dusts that react so rapidly and exothermically with air that destructive pressures are generated when they are dispersed and ignited. The accompanying gas-dynamic phenomena are also considered in some detail in terms of rates of pressure rise, speed of flame propagation, confinement, turbulence, and propagation dynamics. The explosion probabilities in any given plant or facility can be quantified in terms of the state of dispersion of the dust, its lean limit concentration, and its ignitability characteristics (thermal, electrical, and chemical). Dust explosions are contrasted with gas explosions in terms of those factors. Other variables considered for the dusts include volatility, particle size, oxygen content of the dispersing "quo;air,"quo; initial temperature, initial pressure, the presence of added fuel gases, and inerting or extinguishing requirements. Data to be discussed include laboratory measurements and full-scale test results; phenomena to be considered include both the fundamental and the practical.

Methods in Chemical Process Safety

Methods in Chemical Process Safety
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-26
  • Total pages :454
  • ISBN : 9780128218259
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Summary : Methods in Chemical Process Safety, Volume Four focuses on the process of learning from experience, including elements of process safety management, human factors in the chemical process industries, and the regulation of chemical process safety, including current approaches. Users will find this book to be an informative tool and user manual for process safety for a variety of professionals with this new release focusing on Advanced Methods of Risk Assessment and Management, Logic Based Methods for Dynamic Risk Assessment, Bayesian Methods for Dynamic Risk Assessment, Data Driven Methods, Rare Event Risk Assessment, Risk Management and Multi Criteria, and much more. Helps acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions on the topic from a practical point-of-view Presents users with the views/opinions of experts in each topic Includes a selection of authors who are leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic

Process Plants

Process Plants
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-17
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 1439804567
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Summary : How far will an ounce of prevention really go? While the answer to that question may never be truly known, Process Plants: A Handbook for Inherently Safer Design, Second Edition takes us several steps closer. The book demonstrates not just the importance of prevention, but the importance of designing with prevention in mind. It emphasizes the role

Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
  • Author : Wolfgang Bartknecht
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-23
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 3642739474
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Summary : The author summarizes todays knowledge of the cause and consequences of dust explosions which were the main focus of his professional life. The presence of explosible dust/air mixtures does not generally represent a risk of an explosion although all organic and metallic dusts are explosible. The author develops test-methods for explosion hazards associated with dust and constructive methods to prevent dust explosions. The book is written for practical use. The reader learns to recognise the hazard of a dust explosion and the effectiveness of safety measures. The book is richly illustrated and demonstrates the correct use of the empirical theories.

Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-05
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780128175514
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Summary : Methods in Chemical Process Safety, Volume Three, addresses the most important challenges, recent advancements and contributions in chemical process safety. The work helps researchers and professionals obtain guidance on the selection and practice of chemical process safety methods. Chapters in the book cover Experimental Methods, Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, Safety Measures, Regulations, Guidelines and Standards, Emerging/Unique Scenarios, and more. Users will find a complete guide that presents tactics in process safety management that are now globally recognized as the primary approach for establishing a high level of safety in operations. As process safety is now a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes handling hazardous substances, and because continued occurrence of major losses have had a significant impact on the industry’s approaches to modern process safety, this book is a must have for those in the industry. Acquaints the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions in each topic from a practical point-of-view Gives readers the views/opinions of experts on each topic

Explosions in Underground Coal Mines

Explosions in Underground Coal Mines
  • Author : Jianwei Cheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-23
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9783319748931
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Summary : This book addresses the hazard of gas explosions in sealed underground coal mines, and how the risk of explosion can be assessed, modeled, and mitigated. With this text, coal mine operators and managers will be able to identify the risks that lead to underground mine gas explosions, and implement practical strategies to optimize mining safety for workers. In six chapters, the book offers a framework for understanding the sealed coal mine atmosphere, the safety characteristics that are currently in place, and the guidelines to be followed by engineers to improve upon these characteristics. The first part of the book describes the importance and characteristics of underground gas mine explosions in a historical context with data showing the high number of fatalities from explosion incidents, and how risk has been mitigated in the past. Chapters also detail mathematical models and explosibility diagrams for determining and understanding the risk factors involved in mine explosions. Readers will also learn about safety operations, and assessments for the sealed mine atmosphere. With descriptions of chapter case studies, mining engineers and researchers will learn how to apply safety measures in underground coal mines to improve mining atmospheres and save lives.

Understanding Explosions

Understanding Explosions
  • Author : Daniel A. Crowl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-13
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9780470925201
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Summary : There are many different types of explosions, each with its own complex mechanism. Understanding explosions is important in preventing them. This reference provides valuable information on explosions for everyone involved in the operation, design, maintenance, and management of chemical processes, helping enhance understanding of the nature of explosions and the practical methods required to prevent them from occurring. The text includes: Fundamental basis for explosions Explosive and flammable behavior and characteristics of materials Different types of explosions Fire and explosion hazard recognition Practical methods for preventing explosions or minimizing the potential consequences Additional references Understanding Explosions provides a practical understanding of explosion fundamentals, including the different types of explosions, the explosive and flammable behavior of materials, and the hazards related to fires and explosions. It also discusses practical methods to prevent and minimize the probability and consequence of an explosion during routine use of flammable, combustible and/or reactive materials.

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference in Ocean Engineering (ICOE2018)

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference in Ocean Engineering (ICOE2018)
  • Author : K. Murali,V. Sriram,Abdus Samad,Nilanjan Saha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-16
  • Total pages :1071
  • ISBN : 9789811331190
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Summary : This book comprises selected proceedings of the Fourth International Conference in Ocean Engineering (ICOE2018), focusing on emerging opportunities and challenges in the field of ocean engineering and offshore structures. It includes state-of-the-art content from leading international experts, making it a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

Explosion Risk of Solid Biofuels

Explosion Risk of Solid Biofuels
  • Author : Nieves Fernandez-Anez,Blanca Castells Somoza,Isabel Amez Arenillas,Javier Garcia-Torrent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-07
  • Total pages :104
  • ISBN : 9783030439330
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Summary : This book consists of two parts, the first of which focuses on combustible solids, and the second on the industrial position concerning these materials. It includes practical data and information on all biomass sources, from woodchips to sewage sludge, as well as mixtures. Biomass materials are rapidly becoming a fundamental energy source, and their consumption will surpass that of fossil fuels in the near future. The risk of explosion of biomass dust materials can lead to massive economic and human losses worldwide, and applies to every facility that produces, processes or handles these materials. A better understanding of the risk could help reduce the number of accidents; until now, however, no book has been published on the subject. This book is the first to gather the latest information, both from the authors and from other researchers, while also providing explanations and clarifications of how to correctly determine the most relevant parameters and use them to ensure safer environments. It was written in clear, straightforward language to make it accessible for a broad range of readers, from students to senior researchers.

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants
  • Author : Joaquim Casal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-21
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9780444638922
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Summary : Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants, Second Edition, covers the essential aspects of a diverse range of major accidents including fires, explosions and toxic clouds, and provides the key models necessary to calculate their effects and consequences with applications to real incidents. New topics in this up-to-date edition include dust explosions, evaluation of frequencies and probabilities, domino effect, transportation of hazardous materials, and analysis of significant accidents. The new edition of Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants is a valuable resource to engineers from the chemical/petrochemical industry and those working with the transportation of hazardous materials (by road, rail, or pipelines), in addition to engineering companies and academics alike. Evaluates the expected/probable occurrence frequency of major accidents Describes the main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases Includes mathematical modeling of major accidents, evaluation of their effects, and consequences on people and equipment Explains how to perform a Quantitative Risk Analysis