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Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
  • Author : S.C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-12
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9780128235539
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Summary : Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, Second Edition, Volume 20 describes the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. The book describes the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers. In addition, the many applications of analytical pyrolysis are covered in detail, including topics such as polymer detection used in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Assembles all essential information on the pyrolysis of natural polymers in one volume, together with the techniques and instrumentation used Covers advances and developments over the last 20 years, including discussions on the many different types of apparatus commercially available Includes reference lists in every chapter to guide readers on a path to further study

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-20
  • Total pages :714
  • ISBN : 0080455867
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Summary : Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
  • Author : S.C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-25
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 0444822038
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Summary : Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: . Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. . Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. . Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. . Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. . Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-17
  • Total pages :714
  • ISBN : 0444512926
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Summary : Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
  • Author : S.C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-11
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 0080527167
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Summary : Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: • Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. • Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. • Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. • Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. • Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Pyrolysis - GC/MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers

Pyrolysis - GC/MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers
  • Author : Shin Tsuge,Hajima Ohtani,Chuichi Watanabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-27
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9780444538925
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Summary : In this data book, both conventional Py-GC/MS where thermal energy alone is used to cause fragmentation of given polymeric materials and reactive Py-GC/MS in the presence of organic alkaline for condensation polymers are compiled. Before going into detailed presentation of the data, however, acquiring a firm grip on the proper understanding about the situation of Py-GC/MS would promote better utilization of the following pyrolysis data for various polymers samples. This book incorporates recent technological advances in analytical pyrolysis methods especially useful for the characterization of 163 typical synthetic polymers. The book briefly reviews the instrumentation available in advanced analytical pyrolysis, and offers guidance to perform effectually this technique combining with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Main contents are comprehensive sample pyrograms, thermograms, identification tables, and representative mass spectra (MS) of pyrolyzates for synthetic polymers. This edition also highlights thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique effectively applied to 33 basic condensation polymers. Coverage of Py-GC/MS data of conventional pyrograms and thermograms of basic 163 kinds of synthetic polymers together with MS and retention index data for pyrolyzates, enabling a quick identification Additional coverage of the pyrograms and their related data for 33 basic condensation polymers obtained by the thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique All compiled data measured under the same experimental conditions for pyrolysis, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to facilitate peak identification Surveyable instant information on two facing pages dedicated to the whole data of a given polymer sample

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-16
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 0080932150
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Summary : Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules with Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, the 28th volume in the Techniques and Instrumentation in Analytical Chemistry series, gives a systematic and comprehensive description of pyrolysis of non-polymeric organic molecules. Pyrolysis is involved in many practical applications as well as in many common human activities, but harmful compounds can be generated in the process. The study of pyrolysis and of the formation of undesirable compounds as a result of pyrolytic processes is of considerable interest to chemists, chemical engineers, and toxicologists. Pyrolysis results for compounds not previously studied or reported Updated information from a large body of results published on pyrolysis of individual compounds or classes of compounds Information on mechanisms and kinetics of numerous pyrolytic processes

Fire Investigation

Fire Investigation
  • Author : Niamh Nic Daeid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-27
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 0203646959
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Summary : Fire Investigation covers the concepts and theories used to determine a specfic fire has been deliberately or accidentally set. The author clearly explains the concepts needed to gain insight into a fire scene investigation, including the dynamics of the fire, the necessary conditions for a fire to start and be maintained, the different types of co

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-14
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780444640017
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Summary : Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules: Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, Second Edition offers a systematic presentation of pyrolysis results for the main classes of non-polymeric organic molecules. It covers a large body of data published on pyrolysis, as well as numerous original contributions to the pyrolysis of compounds not previously studied. This thoroughly revised edition contains new results reported in the literature since the first edition published, including the generation of traces of toxic compounds in various pyrolytic processes; the pyrolysis in the presence of catalysts and solid supports such as alumina, silica, and non-inert metals; and pyrolysis of specific mixtures of compound such as amino acids plus carbohydrates. This new information regarding the pyrolysis of these mixtures has greatly improved the utility of the book, making Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules an essential resource for chemists and chemical engineers involved in processes related to pyrolysis, as well as toxicologists and environmentalists. Presents new information on the pyrolysis of specific compounds Includes data on the mechanisms and kinetics of pyrolytic processes Provides data on the influence of catalysts and solid supports on pyrolytic processes

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
  • Author : C.E.R. Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780444601407
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Summary : Analytical Pyrolysis presents the Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Analytical Pyrolysis, held in Amsterdam on September 7-9, 1976. It looks at newly emergent techniques in analytical pyrolysis, including pyrolysis mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography. The book also covers topics ranging from automation and microbiology to forensic science and pharmacology, reproducibility and specificity, biochemistry, laser-induced pyrolysis, pyrolytic reaction mechanisms, and polymers. Comprised of 50 chapters, this book begins with a discussion of automatic analysis of tire rubber blends using computer-linked pyrolysis gas chromatography, thermal procedures in coupling with thin-layer chromatography, the role of pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography in biomedical studies, and the identification of microorganisms by pyrolysis gas-liquid chromatography. It then examines forensic applications of analytical pyrolysis techniques, structure and degradation behavior of synthetic polymers using pyrolysis in combination with field ion mass spectrometry, determination of polysaccharides in fulvic acids by pyrolysis gas chromatography, and application of Curie-point pyrolysis mass spectrometry in fungal taxonomy. The reader is also introduced to pyrolysis mass spectrometry of model compounds labeled with stable isotopes, the use of pyrolysis/gas chromatography to determine the quality of porous polymers of styrene cross-linked with divinyl benzene, and application of pyrohydrolysis for a rapid and accurate determination of halides in silicate rocks and minerals. This volume will benefit students, researchers, chemists, and scientists working in the field of analytical pyrolysis.

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-11-13
  • Total pages :1000
  • ISBN : 0080438474
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Summary : Volume 8: Hyphenated Methods Starting with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and continuing through GCxGC-MS, LC-MSn, and LC-NMR-MS, hyphenated methods have revolutionized chemical analysis. This volume covers that revolution in two parts. The first (Chapters 1-4) describes principles, instrumentation, and technology, and the second (Chapters 5-10) organizes major application areas in GC-MS and LC-MS. After a general introduction (Chapter 1), attention is paid to principles and instrumentation of GC-MS (Chapter 2) and LC-MS (Chapter 3). Other hyphenated methods, including online combinations of capillary electromigration methods and supercritical fluid chromatography with mass spectrometry, are in Chapter 4. Applications are then covered in the remaining chapters. The application-oriented chapters are focused on the role of mainly LC-MS in the pharmaceutical field (Chapter 5) and biochemical and biotechnological applications (Chapter 10), and the application of both GC-MS and LC-MS in relation to environmental analysis (Chapter 6), food safety and food analysis (Chapter 7), characterization of natural products (Chapter 8), and clinical, toxicological, and forensic analysis (Chapter 9). Covers principles, instrumentation and applications of hyphenated methods involving mass spectrometry Details applications of hyphenated methods in the most important fields Written in the style of tutorials, providing sufficient detail to bring the reader up-to date on the subject area

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry
  • Author : Michael L. Gross,Wilfried Niessen,R. M. Caprioli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :1000
  • ISBN : 0080438474
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Summary : Presents information on the biographies of recognized pioneers and innovators in the field of mass spectrometry. - Highlights over 120 innovators in mass spectrometry, including several Nobel Prize winners. Discusses instrumentation and their uses, also providing interesting information on the careers, characters, and life stories of the people who did the work. Offers unique insight into the careers and personalities of luminaries in the field.

Pyrolysis-gas Chromatography: Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials

Pyrolysis-gas Chromatography: Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials
  • Author : Peter Kusch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9781786345776
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Summary : The methodology of analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS has been known for several years, but is seldom used in research laboratories and process control in the chemical industry. This is due to the relative difficulty of interpreting the identified pyrolysis products as well as the variety of them. This book contains full identification of several classes of polymers/copolymers and biopolymers that can be very helpful to the user. In addition, the practical applications can encourage analytical chemists and engineers to use the techniques explored in this volume.The structure and the functions of various types of pyrolyzers and the results of the pyrolysis-gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric identification of synthetic polymers/copolymers and biopolymers at 700°C are described. Practical applications of these techniques are also included, detailing the analysis of microplastics, failure analysis in the automotive industry and solutions for technological problems.

Pyrolysis - GC/MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers

Pyrolysis - GC/MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers
  • Author : Shin Tsuge,Hajima Ohtani,Chuichi Watanabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-02
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780444538932
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Summary : In this data book, both conventional Py-GC/MS where thermal energy alone is used to cause fragmentation of given polymeric materials and reactive Py-GC/MS in the presence of organic alkaline for condensation polymers are compiled. Before going into detailed presentation of the data, however, acquiring a firm grip on the proper understanding about the situation of Py-GC/MS would promote better utilization of the following pyrolysis data for various polymers samples. This book incorporates recent technological advances in analytical pyrolysis methods especially useful for the characterization of 163 typical synthetic polymers. The book briefly reviews the instrumentation available in advanced analytical pyrolysis, and offers guidance to perform effectually this technique combining with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Main contents are comprehensive sample pyrograms, thermograms, identification tables, and representative mass spectra (MS) of pyrolyzates for synthetic polymers. This edition also highlights thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique effectively applied to 33 basic condensation polymers. Coverage of Py-GC/MS data of conventional pyrograms and thermograms of basic 163 kinds of synthetic polymers together with MS and retention index data for pyrolyzates, enabling a quick identification Additional coverage of the pyrograms and their related data for 33 basic condensation polymers obtained by the thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique All compiled data measured under the same experimental conditions for pyrolysis, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to facilitate peak identification Surveyable instant information on two facing pages dedicated to the whole data of a given polymer sample

Additives in Polymers

Additives in Polymers
  • Author : Jan C. J. Bart
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-11
  • Total pages :819
  • ISBN : UOM:39015060614230
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Summary : Defines the strategy for complex analytical problem solving and provides the latest information on sample handling, extractive polymer/additive analysis, chromatographic, spectroscopic, and mass spectrometric methods.

Preservation of Plastic Artefacts in Museum Collections

Preservation of Plastic Artefacts in Museum Collections
  • Author : Bertrand Lavédrine,Alban Fournier,Graham Martin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112108441541
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Summary : This book is not an art picture book although it contains pictures of works of art, and this is nota scientific treatise although it does include chemical formulae ! This book is about both art and science and represents a significant milestone in the journey towards understanding the issues associated with plastics in museum collections, and equally importantly, it helps point the way forward for future work. Just as plastics are relatively modern materials, so the science of their degradation is a relatively young science and the understanding of how we should care for our plastic heritage is still in its infancy. This book is created for the conservation community interested in the preservation of art and design works that happen to be made out of a wide variety of plastic formulations. It gathers a bulk of knowledge that is a record of the latest conservation science and technology as applied to plastic works of art, gained during the POPART project - the Preservation Of Plastic ARTefacts in museum collections : a forty two-month international research project part funded by the European Commission. We want future generations to be able to see plastic works of art and museum objects as close as possible of their original form, and not just as 3D images and voice memories. This book provides a valuable and major step towards that worthy objective.

Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association

Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:49015003185049
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Summary :

The Cumulative Book Index

The Cumulative Book Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000045663147
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Summary :

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105123442472
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Summary :

Characterization of soot from combustion of household items

Characterization of soot from combustion of household items
  • Author : Sophie Hannah Mukwana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :120
  • ISBN : UCAL:X73108
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Summary :

Journal of Chromatography

Journal of Chromatography
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CHI:58253002
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Summary :