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Analytical Sample Preparation with Nano- and other High-Performance Materials

Analytical Sample Preparation with Nano- and other High-Performance Materials
  • Author : Rafael Lucena,M. Soledad Cardenas Aranzana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-09-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 0128221399
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Summary : Analytical Sample Preparation with Nano- and other High-Performance Materials covers advanced sample treatment techniques and the new materials that can be used to boost their performance. The evolution of sample treatment over the last two decades has resulted in the development of new techniques and application of new materials. This is a must-have resource for those studying advanced analytical techniques and the role of high-performance materials in analytical chemistry. The book explains the underlying principles needed to properly understand sample preparation, and also examines the latest materials - including nanomaterials - that result in greater sensitivity and specificity. The book begins with a section devoted to all the various sample preparation techniques and then continues with sections on high-performance sorbents and high-performance solvents. Combines basic, fundamental principles and advanced concepts and applications for a comprehensive treatment of sample preparation with new materials Defines nano- and other high-performance materials in this context, including carbon nanoparticles, inorganic nanoparticles, ionic liquids, supramolecular solvents, and more Includes discussion of all the latest advancements and new findings in both techniques and materials used for proper sample preparation

Nanomechanical Analysis of High Performance Materials

Nanomechanical Analysis of High Performance Materials
  • Author : Atul Tiwari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-13
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9789400769199
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Summary : This book is intended for researchers who are interested in investigating the nanomechanical properties of materials using advanced instrumentation techniques. The chapters of the book are written in an easy-to-follow format, just like solved examples. The book comprehensively covers a broad range of materials such as polymers, ceramics, hybrids, biomaterials, metal oxides, nanoparticles, minerals, carbon nanotubes and welded joints. Each chapter describes the application of techniques on the selected material and also mentions the methodology adopted for the extraction of information from the raw data. This is a unique book in which both equipment manufacturers and equipment users have contributed chapters. Novices will learn the techniques directly from the inventors and senior researchers will gain in-depth information on the new technologies that are suitable for advanced analysis. On the one hand, fundamental concepts that are needed to understand the nanomechanical behavior of materials is included in the introductory part of the book. On the other hand, dedicated chapters describe the utilization of advanced numerical modeling in understanding the properties of complex materials. This book is useful for students and researchers from diverse backgrounds including chemistry, physics, materials science & engineering, biotechnology and biomedical engineering. It is well suited as a textbook for students and as a reference book for researchers.

Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry

Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry
  • Author : Somenath Mitra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-07
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 0471457825
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Summary : The importance of accurate sample preparation techniques cannot be overstated--meticulous sample preparation is essential. Often overlooked, it is the midway point where the analytes from the sample matrix are transformed so they are suitable for analysis. Even the best analytical techniques cannot rectify problems generated by sloppy sample pretreatment. Devoted entirely to teaching and reinforcing these necessary pretreatment steps, Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry addresses diverse aspects of this important measurement step. These include: * State-of-the-art extraction techniques for organic and inorganic analytes * Sample preparation in biological measurements * Sample pretreatment in microscopy * Surface enhancement as a sample preparation tool in Raman and IR spectroscopy * Sample concentration and clean-up methods * Quality control steps Designed to serve as a text in an undergraduate or graduate level curriculum, Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry also provides an invaluable reference tool for analytical chemists in the chemical, biological, pharmaceutical, environmental, and materials sciences.

Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples

Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Deepak Rawtani,Gaurav Pandey,Maithri Tharmavaram
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-28
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9780128223017
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Summary : Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples: Current and Emerging Developments discusses in detail the current trends and latest analytical techniques and methods commonly employed in forensic analysis in order to ensure the proper facilitation of justice. This book is useful for readers who wish to stay updated on the latest trends in the forensic analysis of samples encountered at crime scenes. Technological advancements, such as biosensors, nanotechnology, and taggant technology have upped the level of analysis in forensic science. These emergent technologies, incorporated with existing analytical techniques, are leading to more precise, accurate, and specific examination of forensic samples. Lab-on-a-chip technology has also eased several kinds of on-site analyses done by investigating teams at different types of crime scenes. This book covers the evolution of forensic sample analysis as well as these emerging trends and new technologies. Includes an entire section of experimental exercises for self-teaching and key concept review Covers laboratory protocols used in forensic science laboratories for the analysis of various samples through different analytical techniques Condenses the many aspects of forensic analytical chemistry into a single resource with easy-to-understand language for everyone from students to practitioners

Ideas and Applications Toward Sample Preparation for Food and Beverage Analysis

Ideas and Applications Toward Sample Preparation for Food and Beverage Analysis
  • Author : Mark Stauffer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9789535136859
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Summary : The goal of this book is to present an overview of applications and ideas toward sample preparation methods and techniques used in analysis of foods and beverages. This text is a compilation of selected research articles and reviews dealing with current efforts in the application of various methods and techniques of sample preparation to analysis of a variety of foods and beverages. The chapters in this book are divided into two broad sections. Section 1 deals with some ideas for methods and techniques that are applicable to problems that impact the analysis of foods and beverages and the food and beverage industries overall. Section 2 provides applications of sample preparation methods and techniques toward determination of specific analytes or classes of analytes in various foods and beverages. Overall, this book should serve as a source of scientific information for anyone involved in any aspect of analysis of foods and beverages.

Gold Nanoparticles in Analytical Chemistry

Gold Nanoparticles in Analytical Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-21
  • Total pages :642
  • ISBN : 9780444632869
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Summary : Analytical nanoscience and nanotechnology is a growing topic that is expected to have a great impact in the field of analytical chemistry. Many of the exceptional properties of gold nanoparticles make them suitable for different analytical applications and these applications allow extrapolations for their use in other fields as well. In analytical chemistry gold nanoparticles play two main roles, namely: i) As target analytes in the realm of the analysis of the nanoworld; and ii) As tools to improve analytical processes, such as the use of gold nanoparticles as components of electrodes, in spectroscopic techniques and (bio)chemical sensors and lateral flow sensors. This book is a comprehensive review of the role of gold nanoparticles in analytical nanoscience and nanotechnology, with chapters devoted to their synthesis, physico-chemical characteristics, derivatization and potential toxicity. The main microscopic, spectroscopic and separation techniques for the characterization are reviewed as well as the developments for their determination in environmental, biological and agrifood samples. Provides an integral approach devoted to a specific nanoparticle Considers gold nanoparticles as target analytes, as analytical tools and their relationships Organizes the material in a novel way

Handbook of Solid Phase Microextraction

Handbook of Solid Phase Microextraction
  • Author : Janusz Pawliszyn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-29
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780123914491
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Summary : The relatively new technique of solid phase microextraction (SPME) is an important tool to prepare samples both in the lab and on-site. SPME is a "green" technology because it eliminates organic solvents from analytical laboratory and can be used in environmental, food and fragrance, and forensic and drug analysis. This handbook offers a thorough background of the theory and practical implementation of SPME. SPME protocols are presented outlining each stage of the method and providing useful tips and potential pitfalls. In addition, devices and fiber coatings, automated SPME systems, SPME method development, and In Vivo applications are discussed. This handbook is essential for its discussion of the latest SPME developments as well as its in depth information on the history, theory, and practical application of the method. Practical application of Solid Phase Microextraction methods including detailed steps Provides history of extraction methods to better understand the process Suitable for all levels, from beginning student to experienced practitioner

Ultra-High Performance Concrete and High Performance Construction Materials

Ultra-High Performance Concrete and High Performance Construction Materials
  • Author : Bernhard Middendorf,Ekkehard Fehling,Alexander Wetzel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-01
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9783737608282
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Summary : With HiPerMat 5 on March 11-13, 2020 the 5th International Symposium on Ultra-High Performance Concrete and High Performance Construction Materials documents the actual state of development of application in the fields of: Material Science and Development, Composite Concrete Materials, Strength and Deformation behaviour of UHPC, Durability and Sustainability of UHPC, Design and Construction with UHPC, Structural Modelling and Optimisation, Lightweight Concrete Structures, High-Precision Manufacturing for Pre-Fabrication, Nanotechnology for Construction Materials, Innovative Applications, Smart Construction Materials, This volume contains the short versions (two pages) of all contributions that have been accepted for publication at HiPerMat 5.

High-Performance Elastomeric Materials Reinforced by Nano-Carbons

High-Performance Elastomeric Materials Reinforced by Nano-Carbons
  • Author : Luca Valentini,Miguel Angel Lopez Manchado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-20
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9780128165928
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Summary : High-Performance Elastomeric Materials Reinforced by Nanocarbons: Multifunctional Properties and Industrial Applications provides detailed information on the latest techniques and state-of-the-art developments regarding elastomeric materials reinforced by nano-carbon. The book supports academic researchers and postgraduate students who are looking to further advance the research and study of high-performance, multifunctional materials. In addition, it enables those in industry to improve manufacture and end products by using these materials. Enables the reader to understand the latest advanced applications of high-performance elastomers reinforced by nano-carbons Unlocks the door to essential properties for harsh environments, such as thermal conductivity, oil resistance, permeability, de-icing, and cracking resistance Covers the processability of elastomers reinforced by nano-carbons, including extrusion, compression, molding methods and techniques

Analytical Microextraction Techniques

Analytical Microextraction Techniques
  • Author : M. Valcárcel,S. Cárdenas,R. Lucena
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-13
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9781681083797
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Summary : Sample treatment has been the focus of intensive research in the last 20 years since it still remains a bottleneck in precise analytical procedures. The low concentration of the target analytes, the large amount of potential interfering agents and the incompatibility of the sample matrix with the instrumental techniques are the main reasons for these bottlenecks. In most of these methods, sample treatment is an unavoidable step and it has a clear influence on the quality (sensitivity, selectivity, and accuracy) of the final analytical results. While the usefulness of microextraction techniques has been established, their complete acceptance in analytical laboratories (including official methods of analysis) depends on their successful automation and integration with conventional analytical instrumentation. Analytical Microextraction Techniques presents comprehensive information about several analytical methods that are useful in the laboratory. These include: sorptive microextraction, solid and liquid phase microextraction, packed sorbent microextraction, miniaturized dispersive solid-phase extraction, thin film and nanoparticle based techniques, and membrane-based techniques. This is a vital reference on microextraction and sample preparation techniques for applied chemistry students, analytical chemists and laboratory technicians.

Microscopy and Analysis

Microscopy and Analysis
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058917975
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Summary :

Electrophoresis

Electrophoresis
  • Author : Oana-Maria Boldura,Cornel Balta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-12
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 9781789235524
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Summary : Electrophoresis is a widely used method in the field of life sciences, having multiple practical applications in physical, chemical, biochemical, and molecular biology domains. This book contains 8 chapters depicting various applications of this technique in biochemistry, molecular biology, and physical chemistry. This book presents the link between the exposed method and its applications in a very explicit manner and offers a wide range of practical examples. The book provides not only a vision of actual methods but also their necessary further improvements and suggested developments. Therefore, a particular attention was given to the described techniques as true guidelines in the fields where electrophoresis is recommended, being useful for not only the scientists but also the laboratory clinicians.

Nanotechnology in Oil and Gas Industries

Nanotechnology in Oil and Gas Industries
  • Author : Tawfik Abdo Saleh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-06
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9783319606309
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Summary : This book provides a powerful source to develop new, rapid and highly efficient materials for the application in various fields of oil and gas. It focuses on the synthesis, characterization and applications of various Nanomaterials, presenting the state-of-the-art in developments and innovations in nanocomposites. This book provides the complete practical and theoretical information about the synthesis of nanoparticles with potential use in the field of oil and gas.

High-Performance Materials and Engineered Chemistry

High-Performance Materials and Engineered Chemistry
  • Author : Francisco Torrens,Devrim Balköse,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-12
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781351741385
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Summary : This volume brings together innovative research, new concepts, and novel developments in the application of new tools for chemical and materials engineers. It contains significant research, reporting new methodologies and important applications in the fields of chemical engineering as well as the latest coverage of chemical databases and the development of new methods and efficient approaches for chemists. This authoritative reference source provides the latest scholarly research on the use of applied concepts to enhance the current trends and productivity in chemical engineering. Highlighting theoretical foundations, real-world cases, and future directions, this book is ideally designed for researchers, practitioners, professionals, and students of materials chemistry and chemical engineering. The volume explains and discusses new theories and presents case studies concerning material and chemical engineering. The book is divided into several sections, covering: Advanced Materials Chemoinformatics, Computational Chemistry, and Smart Technologies Analytical and Experimental Techniques

High Performance Liquid Chromatography in Phytochemical Analysis

High Performance Liquid Chromatography in Phytochemical Analysis
  • Author : Monika Waksmundzka-Hajnos,Joseph Sherma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-08
  • Total pages :996
  • ISBN : 1420092618
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Summary : The powerful, efficient technique of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is essential to the standardization of plant-based drugs, identification of plant material, and creation of new herbal medicines. Filling the void in this critical area, High Performance Liquid Chromatography in Phytochemical Analysis is the first book to give a comp

Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples

Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples
  • Author : Damià Barceló,Marinella Farré
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 9780444563286
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Summary : The application of nanotechnology in different consumer products has delivered new products with highly desirable properties, but at same time has opened a new window for a wide group of emerging contaminants and a new type of human exposure which needs to be assessed. Most of the current human toxicological information on nanomaterials comes from nano-sized particles in air, and their effects via inhalation. Other routes of human exposure, such as water and food, and the effects on human health and the environment have been less studied. It is the recent research in these areas that is highlighted here in one of the first books covering the analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and the environment, with both matrices being of considerable interest. In addition to providing a global summary of recent research, this book shows how widely used chromatographic and spectroscopic methods can be added to the analytical arsenal of microscopic techniques that have commonly been used to characterize nanomaterials. Describes the analytical techniques used to characterize nanomaterials and their applications in environmental or food samples Includes analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and environmental matrices Takes a detailed look at the research on emerging fields of human exposure to nanomaterials and their environmental risks

Calibration and Validation of Analytical Methods

Calibration and Validation of Analytical Methods
  • Author : Mark Stauffer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-25
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 9781789230840
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Summary : This book seeks to introduce the reader to current methodologies in analytical calibration and validation. This collection of contributed research articles and reviews addresses current developments in the calibration of analytical methods and techniques and their subsequent validation. Section 1, "Introduction," contains the Introductory Chapter, a broad overview of analytical calibration and validation, and a brief synopsis of the following chapters. Section 2 "Calibration Approaches" presents five chapters covering calibration schemes for some modern analytical methods and techniques. The last chapter in this section provides a segue into Section 3, "Validation Approaches," which contains two chapters on validation procedures and parameters. This book is a valuable source of scientific information for anyone interested in analytical calibration and validation.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering, Treatment, and Hydraulics

Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering, Treatment, and Hydraulics
  • Author : Saleh, Tawfik A.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-30
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781522521372
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Summary : While nanotechnology has been a booming research field for years, the study of how it can be used alongside water engineering has not been deeply explored. By examining the ways in which nanomaterials can aid hydraulics, these tools can be used for water purification, water treatments, and a vast array of other uses that will make water engineering easier and safer. Advanced Nanomaterials for Water Engineering, Treatment, and Hydraulics is a comprehensive reference source for the latest research-based material on the use of progressive nanotechnologies for water technologies. Featuring coverage on relevant topics such as water purification, nano-metal oxides, chitosan nanoparticles, and contaminated waste water, this is an ideal reference source for engineers, students, academics, and researchers seeking innovative perspectives on the use of nanomaterials in water engineering.

Membrane Proteomics

Membrane Proteomics
  • Author : Matthew J. Peirce,Robin Wait
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-05
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 1603273093
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Summary : The membranes surrounding cells and organelles constitute their interface with the local environment. The functions of membrane proteins include cell/cell and cell/extracellular matrix recognition, the reception and transduction of extracellular signals, and the tra- port of proteins, solutes and water molecules. Abnormal membrane protein expression has profound biological effects and may, for example, underlie phenotypic and functional differences between normal and tumour cells. Moreover the accessibility, particularly of plasma proteins traversing the plasma membrane of cells, makes them of particular ut- ity to the therapeutic intervention in disease. Indeed, it is estimated that of all currently licensed pharmaceuticals, approximately 70% target proteins resident in the plasma m- brane. In theory, unbiased technologies such as proteomics have the power to de?ne patterns of membrane protein expression characteristic of distinct states of cellular development, differentiation or disease, and thereby identify novel markers of, or targets for intervention in, disease. However, although about 25% of open reading frames in fully sequenced genomes are estimated to encode integral membrane proteins, global analysis of membrane protein expression has proved problematic. Membrane protein analysis poses unique challenges at the level of extraction, solubilization, and separation in particular, and to a lesser extent of identi?cation and quantitation. These challenges have, however, fostered creativity, in- vation, and technical advances, many of which are brought together in Membrane P- teomics.

Advanced Materials & Processes

Advanced Materials & Processes
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112078752067
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Summary :

Sample Preparation for Trace Element Analysis

Sample Preparation for Trace Element Analysis
  • Author : Zoltan Mester,Ralph E. Sturgeon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-12-16
  • Total pages :1338
  • ISBN : 0080545483
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Summary : Following the collection of a sample, every analytical chemist will agree that its subsequent preservation and processing are of paramount importance. The availability of high performance analytical instrumentation has not diminished this need for careful selection of appropriate pretreatment methodologies, intelligently designed to synergistically elicit optimum function from these powerful measurement tools. Sample Preparation for Trace Element Analysis is a modern, comprehensive treatise, providing an account of the state-of-the art on the subject matter. The book has been conceived and designed to satisfy the varied needs of the practicing analytical chemist. It is a multi-author work, reflecting the diverse expertise arising from its highly qualified contributors. The first five chapters deal with general issues related to the determination of trace metals in varied matrices, such as sampling, contamination control, reference materials, calibration and detection techniques. The second part of the book deals with extraction and sampling technologies (totaling 15 chapters), providing theoretical and practical hints for the users on how to perform specific extractions. Subsequent chapters overview seven major representative matrices and the sample preparation involved in their characterization. This portion of the book is heavily based on the preceding chapters dealing with extraction technologies. The last ten chapters are dedicated to sample preparation for trace element speciation. - First title to provide comprehensive sample preparation information, dealing specifically with the analysis of samples for trace elements. - The 39 chapters are authored by international leaders of their fields.