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Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease
  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-29
  • Total pages :1108
  • ISBN : 9780124159129
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Summary : Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease. The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and biomedicine.The next sections of the work offers models for disease-oriented topics, including cardiac and pulmonary diseases, aging, infectious diseases, obesity, diabetes, neurological diseases, joint diseases, visual disorders, cancer, hypertension, genetic diseases, and diseases of abuse. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease
  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :1089
  • ISBN : 0124158943
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Summary : Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease identifies important animal models and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of each model for the study of human disease. The first section addresses how to locate resources, animal alternatives, animal ethics and related issues, much needed information for researchers across the biological sciences and biomedicine.The next sections of the work offers models for disease-oriented topics, including cardiac and pulmonary diseases, aging, infectious diseases, obesity, diabetes, neurological diseases, joint diseases, visual disorders, cancer, hypertension, genetic diseases, and diseases of abuse. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease

Experimental Animal Models of Human Diseases

Experimental Animal Models of Human Diseases
  • Author : Bartholomew Ibeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-23
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781789231649
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Summary : The world has recorded losses in terms of human life as well as extensive time spent in experimentation with development of new drugs, elucidation of disease mechanism(s), and therapeutic agent discovery. Ethical and legal issues cojoin in slowing down scientific discoveries in medicine and biology. The past two (2) decades, therefore, have seen tremendous attempts that largely are successful in developing animal models with the characteristics of mimicking, approximating, or expressing transplanted human organs/tissues. These models or rather approaches seem to be fast, cost-effective, and easy to maintain compared to primates. This book is a collection of expert essays on animal models of human diseases of global interest. A visible objective of the book is to provide real-time experimental approach to scientists, clinicians, ethicists, medicolegal/medical jurisprudence workers, immunologists, postgraduate students, and vaccinologists and informative and multidisciplinary approach for the identification of new therapeutic targets and biomarkers using animal models as well as investigating the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategies of human diseases. An increased understanding of the genetic, molecular, and cellular mechanisms responsible for the development of human diseases has laid out the foundation for the development of rational therapies mainly with animal models.

Sourcebook of Models for Biomedical Research

Sourcebook of Models for Biomedical Research
  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-07
  • Total pages :778
  • ISBN : 9781597452854
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Summary : The collection of systems represented in this volume is a unique effort to reflect the diversity and utility of models used in biomedicine. That utility is based on the consideration that observations made in particular organisms will provide insight into the workings of other, more complex systems. This volume is therefore a comprehensive and extensive collection of these important medical parallels.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease
  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-20
  • Total pages :1198
  • ISBN : 9780128096994
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Summary : Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease, Second Edition, provides needed information on model sharing, animal alternatives, animal ethics and access to databanks of models, bringing together common descriptions of models for busy researchers across biomedical and biological sciences. Offering easily searchable advantages and disadvantages for each animal model and organized by disease topics, this resource aids researchers in finding the best animal model for research in human disease. Organized by disease orientation for ease of searchability Provides information on locating resources, animal alternatives, and animal ethics Covers a broad range of animal models used in research for human disease Contributed by leading experts across the globe Expanded coverage of diabetes and neurological diseases

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease
  • Author : Alistair McGregor,K. Yeon Choi,Scott Schachtele,James Lokensgard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-29
  • Total pages :1108
  • ISBN : 9780128072271
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Summary : This chapter reviews the various human herpesviruses (HHVs) and their associated diseases. Animal models have been developed to study some HHVs, and these, as well as development of intervention strategies using these models, are discussed. Additionally, specific protocols are included to enable investigators to use the current state of the art techniques to explore various aspects of viral infection in animal models. The protocols presented in this chapter are a collection of techniques that are generally applicable to the study of all herpesviruses in animal models and can be utilized by both the experienced and inexperienced virologist.

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease

Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease
  • Author : Heather A. Lawson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-29
  • Total pages :1108
  • ISBN : 9780128072011
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Summary : Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of metabolic complications representing a pre-morbid condition that is a substantial public health burden. Animal models provide an opportunity to examine correlations among different metabolic parameters to understand why metabolic complications sometimes cluster and sometimes do not. This chapter provides an overview of animal models of MetS that are used to understand etiology and pathophysiology, with a focus on methods of identifying and testing candidate genes with the aim of translating results to human studies. Genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and gene by environmental methods and results are discussed along with important lessons learned. Rodent models are the most frequently used, however other animal models including dogs, pigs, sheep, and non-human primates have contributed to our understanding of MetS and each are discussed. Additionally, animal models used to test physiological hypotheses are reviewed along with their potential to illuminate DNA sequence–metabolic function relationships to inform therapies.

Improving the Utility and Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders

Improving the Utility and Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-25
  • Total pages :110
  • ISBN : 9780309266338
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Summary : Nervous system diseases and disorders are highly prevalent and substantially contribute to the overall disease burden. Despite significant information provided by the use of animal models in the understanding of the biology of nervous system disorders and the development of therapeutics; limitations have also been identified. Treatment options that are high in efficacy and low in side effects are still lacking for many diseases and, in some cases are nonexistent. A particular problem in drug development is the high rate of attrition in Phase II and III clinical trials. Why do many therapeutics show promise in preclinical animal models but then fail to elicit predicted effects when tested in humans? On March 28 and 29, 2012, the Institute of Medicine Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders convened the workshop "Improving Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders" to discuss potential opportunities for maximizing the translation of new therapies from animal models to clinical practice. The primary focus of the workshop was to examine mechanisms for increasing the efficiency of translational neuroscience research through discussions about how and when to use animal models most effectively and then best approaches for the interpretation of the data collected. Specifically, the workshop objectives were to: discuss key issues that contribute to poor translation of animal models in nervous system disorders, examine case studies that highlight successes and failures in the development and application of animal models, consider strategies to increase the scientific rigor of preclinical efficacy testing, explore the benefits and challenges to developing standardized animal and behavioral models. Improving the Utility and Translation of Animal Models for Nervous System Disorders: Workshop Summary also identifies methods to facilitate development of corresponding animal and clinical endpoints, indentifies methods that would maximize bidirectional translation between basic and clinical research and determines the next steps that will be critical for improvement of the development and testing of animal models of disorders of the nervous system.

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research

Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-30
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9780128165744
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Summary : Cellular and Animal Models in Human Genomics Research provides an indispensable resource for applying comparative genomics in the annotation of disease-gene associated variants that are identified by human genomic sequencing. The book presents a thorough overview of effective protocols for the use of cellular and animal modeling methods to turn lists of plausible genes into causative biomarkers. With chapters written by international experts, the book first addresses the fundamental aspects of using cellular and animal models in genetic and genomic studies, including in-depth examples of specific models and their utility, i.e., yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice and large animals. Protocols for properly conducting model studies, genomic technology, modeling candidate genes vs. genetic variants, integrative modeling, utilizing induced pluripotent stem cells, and employing CRISPR-Cas9 are also discussed in-depth. Provides a thorough, accessible resource that helps researchers and students employ cellular and animal models in their own genetic and genomic studies Offers guidance on how to effectively interpret the results and significance of genetic and genomic model studies for human health Features chapters from international experts in the use of specific cellular and animal models, including yeast, worms, flies, fish, mice, and large animals, among other organisms

Handbook of Models for Human Aging

Handbook of Models for Human Aging
  • Author : P. Michael Conn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-28
  • Total pages :1075
  • ISBN : 0080460062
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Summary : The Handbook of Models for Human Aging is designed as the only comprehensive work available that covers the diversity of aging models currently available. For each animal model, it presents key aspects of biology, nutrition, factors affecting life span, methods of age determination, use in research, and disadvantages/advantes of use. Chapters on comparative models take a broad sweep of age-related diseases, from Alzheimer's to joint disease, cataracts, cancer, and obesity. In addition, there is an historical overview and discussion of model availability, key methods, and ethical issues. Utilizes a multidisciplinary approach Shows tricks and approaches not available in primary publications First volume of its kind to combine both methods of study for human aging and animal models Over 200 illustrations

Rabbit Biotechnology

Rabbit Biotechnology
  • Author : Louis-Marie Houdebine,Jianglin Fan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-24
  • Total pages :136
  • ISBN : 9789048122271
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Summary : Louis-Marie Houdebine and Jianglin Fan The study of biological functions of proteins and their possible roles in the pathogenesis of human diseases requires more and more relevant animal m- els. Although mice including genetically modified mice offer many possibilities, other non-murine species are absolutely required in some circumstances. Rabbit is one of these species, which has been widely used in biomedical studies. This animal is genetically and physiologically closer to humans including cardiov- cular system and metabolism characteristics. Rabbit is thus more appropriate than mice to study some diseases such as atherosclerosis and lipid metabolism. Because of its larger size, surgery manipulation, bleeding, and turn-over studies are much easier performed in rabbits than in mice. Furthermore, transgenic rabbits can be produced using microinjection and other methods such as lentiviral v- tors. Cloning in rabbits has been proved possible, even though still laborious and time-consuming. Hopefully, functional rabbit ES cell lines will be available in the coming years. Gene deletion or knock-out in rabbits will then become possible.

Animal Models in Eye Research

Animal Models in Eye Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-28
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 0080921035
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Summary : The eye is a complex sensory organ, which enables visual perception of the world. Thus the eye has several tissues that do different tasks. One of the most basic aspects of eye function is the sensitivity of cells to light and its transduction though the optic nerve to the brain. Different organisms use different ways to achieve these tasks. In this sense, eye function becomes a very important evolutionary aspect as well. This book presents the different animal models that are commonly used for eye research and their uniqueness in evaluating different aspects of eye development, evolution, physiology and disease. * Presents information on the major animal models used in eye research including invertebrates and vertebrates * Provides researchers with information needed to choose between model organisms * Includes an introductory chapter on the different types of eyes, stressing possible common molecular machinery

Update on Dementia

Update on Dementia
  • Author : Davide Moretti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-28
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9789535126546
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Summary : The dementia challenge is the largest health effort of the times we live in. The whole society has to move to a realization of the significance of prioritization to make an attempt in the direction of mental health promotion and dementia risk reduction. New priorities for research are needed to go far beyond the usual goal of constructing a disease course-modifying medication. Moreover, a full empowerment and engagement of men and women living with dementia and their caregivers, overcoming stigma and discrimination should be promoted. The common efforts and the final aim will have to be the progress of a ''dementia-constructive'' world, where people with dementia can take advantage of equal opportunities.

Fundamentals of Laboratory Animal Science

Fundamentals of Laboratory Animal Science
  • Author : Enqi Liu,Jianglin Fan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-28
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781315351995
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Summary : Laboratory animals are becoming increasingly important for biomedical research. It is said that approximately 70% of biomedical research is associated with the use of experimental animals. Laboratory animal research not only expands our knowledge of science, but also greatly improves human and animal health. The field of laboratory animal science is ever-growing and changing as new experimental techniques are developed and new animal models are created. It is essential to know not only the biological features of each laboratory animal but also how to use and care for them responsibly in order to perform high-quality experiments. Courses in beginning Laboratory Animal Science are starting to be offered in many universities throughout the world. However, a practical introductory textbook that contains state-of-the-art techniques is still lacking. Fundamentals of Laboratory Animal Science provides comprehensive information on the principles and practices of using laboratory animals for biomedical research. Each individual chapter focuses on a key sub-discipline of laboratory animal science: animal welfare and best humane care practices in the laboratory; the quality control of laboratory animals; the anatomy, physiology, and husbandry of commonly used species; the principles of creating and using animal models for studying human diseases; practical techniques used for laboratory animal experiments; experimental design; and animal experimentation management. Knowledge of this broad spectrum of concepts and skills will ensure research goes smoothly while greatly reducing animal pain and distress. Well-illustrated and thoroughly referenced, this book will serve not only as a standard textbook but also as a handy guide for veterinarians, researchers, animal care staff, administrators, and other professionals who are involved in laboratory animal science.

Human and Animal Models for Translational Research on Neurodegeneration: Challenges and Opportunities From South America

Human and Animal Models for Translational Research on Neurodegeneration: Challenges and Opportunities From South America
  • Author : Agustín Ibáñez,Lucas Sedeño,Adolfo M. García,Robert M.J. Deacon,Patricia Cogram
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-21
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889454945
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Summary : Neurodegenerative diseases are the most frequent cause of dementia, representing a burden for public health systems (especially in middle and middle-high income countries). Although most research on this issue is concentrated in first-world centers, growing efforts in South America are affording important breakthroughs. This emerging agenda poses new challenges for the region but also new opportunities for the field. This book aims to integrate the community of experts across the globe and the region, and to establish new challenges and developments for future investigation. We present research focused on neurodegenerative research in South America. We introduce studies assessing the interplay among genetic, neural, and behavioral dimensions of these diseases, as well as articles on vulnerability factors, comparisons of findings from various countries, and works promoting multicenter and collaborative networking. More generally, our book covers a broad scope of human-research approaches (behavioral assessment, neuroimaging, electromagnetic techniques, brain connectivity, peripheral measures), animal methodologies (genetics, epigenetics, proteomics, metabolomics, other molecular biology tools), species (all human and non-human animals, sporadic, and genetic versions), and article types (original research, review, and opinion papers). Through this wide-ranging proposal, we hope to introduce a fresh approach to the challenges and opportunities of research on neurodegeneration in South America.

Mouse Cell Culture

Mouse Cell Culture
  • Author : Ivan Bertoncello
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-20
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 1493990853
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Summary : This volume describes cell culture protocols for the maintenance, propagation, manipulation, and analysis of primary explanted cells from various mouse organ systems. After introductory chapters that examine the applicability of mouse models as a discovery tool and describe critical factors and variables that influence cell culture endpoints, protocol chapters explore cell culture methodologies for specific mouse cell types and lineages. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, these chapters include introductions to their respective topics, comprehensive lists of the essential materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Mouse Cell Culture: Methods and Protocols aims to ensure successful results utilizing these protocols in further studies, leading to the identification of key factors, genes, and cellular pathways regulating cell lineage commitment and differentiation, modeling disease, and identifying novel therapeutic targets.

Animal Models for Microbiome Research

Animal Models for Microbiome Research
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-23
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9780309463911
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Summary : The surface of the human body and its mucous membranes are heavily colonized by microorganisms. Our understanding of the contributions that complex microbial communities make to health and disease is advancing rapidly. Most microbiome research to date has focused on the mouse as a model organism for delineating the mechanisms that shape the assembly and dynamic operations of microbial communities. However, the mouse is not a perfect surrogate for studying different aspects of the microbiome and how it responds to various environmental and host stimuli, and as a result, researchers have been conducting microbiome studies in other animals. To examine the different animal models researchers employ in microbiome studies and to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of each of these model organisms as they relate to human and nonhuman health and disease, the Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in December 2016. The workshop participants explored how to improve the depth and breadth of analysis of microbial communities using various model organisms, the challenges of standardization and biological variability that are inherent in gnotobiotic animal-based research, the predictability and translatability of preclinical studies to humans, and strategies for expanding the infrastructure and tools for conducting studies in these types of models. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Animal Models for Assessing Countermeasures to Bioterrorism Agents

Animal Models for Assessing Countermeasures to Bioterrorism Agents
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Animal Models for Assessing Countermeasures to Bioterrorism Agents
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-09
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9780309219129
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Summary : The Transformational Medical Technologies (TMT) has been a unique component of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) medical biodefense efforts since 2006. Its mission is to advance countermeasure research and development in support of the broader goal of the DoD to protect warfighters from emerging infectious diseases and future genetically engineered biological weapons. The TMT, using advanced science and technology approaches, focused on the development of roadspectrum countermeasures that target common host and pathogen pathways or enhance the host's immune response. Many of these pathogens are lethal or cause such debilitating diseases in humans that it is ethically inappropriate to test the efficacy of these countermeasures in human volunteers. In lieu of human participants, these products may be tested in animals and approved for human use under the provisions of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s 2002 Animal Rule. The reliance on animal models for the development and licensure of medical countermeasures against biothreats is challenging for a number of reasons. The ad hoc Committee on Animal Models for Assessing Countermeasures to Bioterrorism Agents prepared a consensus report that would address the challenges stemming from developing and testing medical countermeasures against biothreat agents in animal models. Animal Models for Assessing Countermeasures to Bioterrorism Agents evaluates how well the existing TMT-employed or candidate animal models reflect the pathophysiology, clinical picture, and treatment of human disease as related to the agents of interest. The report addresses the process and/or feasibility of developing new animal models for critical biodefense research, placing emphasis on the need for a robust and expeditious validation process in terms of the FDA's Animal Rule. The report also evaluates alternatives to the use of animal models based on the premise of the Three Rs.

Advancing Disease Modeling in Animal-Based Research in Support of Precision Medicine

Advancing Disease Modeling in Animal-Based Research in Support of Precision Medicine
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-29
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9780309471190
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Summary : Precision medicine is focused on the individual and will require the rapid and accurate identification and prioritization of causative factors of disease. To move forward and accelerate the delivery of the anticipated benefits of precision medicine, developing predictable, reproducible, and reliable animal models will be essential. In order to explore the topic of animal-based research and its relevance to precision medicine, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 2-day workshop on October 5 and 6, 2017. The workshop was designed to focus on the development, implementation, and interpretation of model organisms to advance and accelerate the field of precision medicine. Participants examined the extent to which next-generation animal models, designed using patient data and phenotyping platforms targeted to reveal and inform disease mechanisms, will be essential to the successful implementation of precision medicine. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Comparative Physiology, Natural Animal Models and Clinical Medicine

Comparative Physiology, Natural Animal Models and Clinical Medicine
  • Author : Michael A Singer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-27
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781908979308
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Summary : This book describes a novel and unique approach to the treatment of human diseases based on the study of natural animal models. A natural animal model is defined as an animal group or species that possesses a set of biochemical/physiological characteristics which are natural and adaptive for that animal, but are quite abnormal for humans. For example, how is it that birds can tolerate blood glucose concentrations which in humans are associated with diabetes. The natural animal model is living proof that a biological answer to this question is available. By studying natural animal models, we can gain valuable insights into the treatment of various human clinical disorders. Covering a wide range of disorders, this book describes in detail how medical scientists can take advantage of all the “research” that nature has already performed over billions of years in biological problem solving through extensive animal design testing and selection. Contents:IntroductionDiabetes MellitusChronic Renal FailureAtherosclerotic Vascular DiseaseDisuse Osteoporosis and Disuse Muscle AtrophyAmmonia ToxicityHypoxia/IschemiaEpilogue Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in biology, medical scientists, comparative physiologists and biologists. Keywords:Comparative;Physiology;Models;Clinical Medicine;NaturalKey Features:Discusses in detail for each of six clinical disorders the current understanding of the pathogenesis of the disorder and how the natural animal model has solved that particular problemSuggests potential research questions based upon what is known and not known about the natural animal modelClearly illustrates that natural animal models not only provide a different perspective from traditional animal models, but also prove that biological solutions currently exist for different human diseasesHighlights the power of a comparative physiological approach to the development of treatments for human diseasesReviews:“This is an interesting and important book … A few of these questions about natural models for disease have been raised before by comparative physiologists, but they have largely been ignored by those involved in medical research. Dr Singer hopes that a presentation by a clinician will correct this situation. I sincerely hope that he is correct for I agree with his basic thesis.”Professor Emeritus William H Dantzler University of Arizona “Michael Singer has produced a marvellous volume of thought provoking observations … This volume presents a tour de force of integrative and comparative physiology to consider the possible answers to such questions … For many reasons, I cannot recommend this splendid book highly enough.”Troels Ring Aalborg Hospital, Denmark “The style is easily readable, with a logical progression from a clinical setting in the Introduction, through a number of common disease entities … There is a satisfying combination of science and art, and a call for further research in each area … The book is suitable for medical professionals of all levels of training and interests, from the Basic Scientist in the laboratory to the Clinician at the bedside.”Professor A R Morton Queen's University, Ontario

Overcoming Challenges to Develop Countermeasures Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents

Overcoming Challenges to Develop Countermeasures Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Animal Models for Testing Interventions Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-07
  • Total pages :87
  • ISBN : 0309180902
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Summary : The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) gives the highest priority to developing countermeasures against bioterrorism agents that are highly infective when dispersed in aerosol form. Developing drugs to prevent or treat illnesses caused by bioterrorism agents requires testing their effectiveness in animals since human clinical trials would be unethical. At the request of NIAID, the National Academies conducted a study to examine how such testing could be improved. Overcoming Challenges to Develop Countermeasures Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents provides recommendations to researchers on selecting the kinds of animal models, aerosol generators, and bioterrorism agent doses that would produce conditions that most closely mimic the disease process in humans. It also urges researchers to fully document experimental parameters in the literature so that studies can be reproduced and compared. The book recommends that all unclassified data on bioterrorism agent studies--including unclassified, unpublished data from U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID)--be published in the open literature. The book also calls on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to improve the process by which bioterrorism countermeasures are approved based on the results of animal studies.