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Annual Dynamics of Daylight Variability and Contrast

Annual Dynamics of Daylight Variability and Contrast
  • Author : Siobhan Rockcastle,Marilyne Andersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-25
  • Total pages :83
  • ISBN : 9781447152330
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Summary : Daylight is a dynamic source of illumination in architectural space, creating diverse and ephemeral configurations of light and shadow within the built environment. Perceptual qualities of daylight, such as contrast and temporal variability, are essential to our understanding of both material and visual effects in architecture. Although spatial contrast and light variability are fundamental to the visual experience of architecture, architects still rely primarily on intuition to evaluate their designs because there are few metrics that address these factors. Through an analysis of contemporary architecture, this work develops a new typological language that categorizes architectural space in terms of contrast and temporal variation. This research proposes a new family of metrics that quantify the magnitude of contrast-based visual effects and time-based variation within daylit space through the use of time-segmented daylight renderings to provide a more holistic analysis of daylight performance.

The Passivhaus Designer’s Manual

The Passivhaus Designer’s Manual
  • Author : Christina J. Hopfe,Robert S. McLeod
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-05
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781317536901
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Summary : Passivhaus is the fastest growing energy performance standard in the world, with almost 50,000 buildings realised to date. Applicable to both domestic and non-domestic building types, the strength of Passivhaus lies in the simplicity of the concept. As European and global energy directives move ever closer towards Zero (fossil) Energy standards, Passivhaus provides a robust ‘fabric first’ approach from which to make the next step. The Passivhaus Designers Manual is the most comprehensive technical guide available to those wishing to design and build Passivhaus and Zero Energy Buildings. As a technical reference for architects, engineers and construction professionals The Passivhaus Designers Manual provides: State of the art guidance for anyone designing or working on a Passivhaus project; In depth information on building services, including high performance ventilation systems and ultra-low energy heating and cooling systems; Holistic design guidance encompassing: daylight design, ecological materials, thermal comfort, indoor air quality and economics; Practical advice on procurement methods, project management and quality assurance; Renewable energy systems suitable for Passivhaus and Zero Energy Buildings; Practical case studies from the UK, USA, and Germany amongst others; Detailed worked examples to show you how it’s done and what to look out for; Expert advice from 20 world renowned Passivhaus designers, architects, building physicists and engineers. Lavishly illustrated with nearly 200 full colour illustrations, and presented by two highly experienced specialists, this is your one-stop shop for comprehensive practical information on Passivhaus and Zero Energy buildings.

Assessment of Daylight Performance in Buildings

Assessment of Daylight Performance in Buildings
  • Author : B. Gherri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-08
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9781784660406
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Summary : This title deals with the many advantages associated to the use of natural light, comparing architectural experiences, technological devices and calculation methods. It provides an introduction to the problems and solutions of enhancing and conveying the right dose of daylight inside buildings, giving attention to energy savings and visual comfort

Climate Intervention

Climate Intervention
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Geoengineering Climate: Technical Evaluation and Discussion of Impacts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-23
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9780309314855
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Summary : The growing problem of changing environmental conditions caused by climate destabilization is well recognized as one of the defining issues of our time. The root problem is greenhouse gas emissions, and the fundamental solution is curbing those emissions. Climate geoengineering has often been considered to be a "last-ditch" response to climate change, to be used only if climate change damage should produce extreme hardship. Although the likelihood of eventually needing to resort to these efforts grows with every year of inaction on emissions control, there is a lack of information on these ways of potentially intervening in the climate system. As one of a two-book report, this volume of Climate Intervention discusses albedo modification - changing the fraction of incoming solar radiation that reaches the surface. This approach would deliberately modify the energy budget of Earth to produce a cooling designed to compensate for some of the effects of warming associated with greenhouse gas increases. The prospect of large-scale albedo modification raises political and governance issues at national and global levels, as well as ethical concerns. Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth discusses some of the social, political, and legal issues surrounding these proposed techniques. It is far easier to modify Earth's albedo than to determine whether it should be done or what the consequences might be of such an action. One serious concern is that such an action could be unilaterally undertaken by a small nation or smaller entity for its own benefit without international sanction and regardless of international consequences. Transparency in discussing this subject is critical. In the spirit of that transparency, Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth was based on peer-reviewed literature and the judgments of the authoring committee; no new research was done as part of this study and all data and information used are from entirely open sources. By helping to bring light to this topic area, this book will help leaders to be far more knowledgeable about the consequences of albedo modification approaches before they face a decision whether or not to use them.

Daylight Metrics : PIER Daylighting Plus Research Program

Daylight Metrics : PIER Daylighting Plus Research Program
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :377
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822038902565
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Summary :

Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales

Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Climate Research Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-08-30
  • Total pages :644
  • ISBN : 9780309054492
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Summary : This volume reflects the current state of scientific knowledge about natural climate variability on decade-to-century time scales. It covers a wide range of relevant subjects, including the characteristics of the atmosphere and ocean environments as well as the methods used to describe and analyze them, such as proxy data and numerical models. They clearly demonstrate the range, persistence, and magnitude of climate variability as represented by many different indicators. Not only do natural climate variations have important socioeconomic effects, but they must be better understood before possible anthropogenic effects (from greenhouse gas emissions, for instance) can be evaluated. A topical essay introduces each of the disciplines represented, providing the nonscientist with a perspective on the field and linking the papers to the larger issues in climate research. In its conclusions section, the book evaluates progress in the different areas and makes recommendations for the direction and conduct of future climate research. This book, while consisting of technical papers, is also accessible to the interested layperson.

Daylighting in Architecture

Daylighting in Architecture
  • Author : Nick V. Baker,A. Fanchiotti,K. Steemers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-08
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9781134074297
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Summary : Typically one third of the energy used in many buildings may be consumed by electric lighting. Good daylighting design can reduce electricity consumption for lighting and improve standards of visual comfort, health and amenity for the occupants.As the only comprehensive text on the subject written in the last decade, the book will be welcomed by all architects and building services engineers interested in good daylighting design. The book is based on the work of 25 experts from all parts of Europe who have collected, evaluated and developed the material under the auspices of the European Commission's Solar Energy and Energy Conservation R&D Programmes.

Managing the Columbia River

Managing the Columbia River
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Water Resources Management, Instream Flows, and Salmon Survival in the Columbia River Basin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-07-27
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 0309166268
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Summary : Flows of the Columbia River, although modified substantially during the twentieth century, still vary considerably between seasons and between years. Lowest flows tend to occur during summer months when demand for irrigation water is at its highest and when water temperatures are greatest. These periods of low flows, high demand, and high temperature are critical periods for juvenile salmon migrating downstream through the Columbia River hydropower system. Although impacts on salmon of any individual water withdrawal may be small, the cumulative effects of numerous withdrawals will affect Columbia River flows and would pose increased risks to salmon survival. The body of scientific knowledge explaining salmon migratory behavior and physiology is substantial, but imperfect, and decision makers should acknowledge this and be willing to take action in the face of uncertainties. In order to provide a more comprehensive water permitting process, the State of Washington, Canada, other basin states, and tribal groups should establish a basin-wide forum to consider future water withdrawal application permits. If the State of Washington issues additional permits for water withdrawals from the Columbia River, those permits should contain provisions that allow withdrawals to be curtailed during critical high-demand periods.

Climate Change and Human Health

Climate Change and Human Health
  • Author : A. J. McMichael,D. H. Campbell-Lendrum,C. F. Corvalan,K. L. Ebi,A. Githeko,J. D. Scheraga,A. Woodward
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 924156248X
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Summary : This publication, prepared jointly by the WHO, the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, considers the public health challenges arising from global climate change and options for policy responses, with particular focus on the health sector. Aspects discussed include: an overview of historical developments and recent scientific assessments; weather and climate change; population vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of public health systems; the IPCC Third Assessment report; tasks for public health scientists; the health impacts of climate extremes; climate change, infectious diseases and the level of disease burdens; ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation and health; and methodological issues in monitoring health effects of climate change.

Under the Weather

Under the Weather
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate, Ecosystems, Infectious Diseases, and Human Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-29
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780309072786
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Summary : Since the dawn of medical science, people have recognized connections between a change in the weather and the appearance of epidemic disease. With today's technology, some hope that it will be possible to build models for predicting the emergence and spread of many infectious diseases based on climate and weather forecasts. However, separating the effects of climate from other effects presents a tremendous scientific challenge. Can we use climate and weather forecasts to predict infectious disease outbreaks? Can the field of public health advance from "surveillance and response" to "prediction and prevention?" And perhaps the most important question of all: Can we predict how global warming will affect the emergence and transmission of infectious disease agents around the world? Under the Weather evaluates our current understanding of the linkages among climate, ecosystems, and infectious disease; it then goes a step further and outlines the research needed to improve our understanding of these linkages. The book also examines the potential for using climate forecasts and ecological observations to help predict infectious disease outbreaks, identifies the necessary components for an epidemic early warning system, and reviews lessons learned from the use of climate forecasts in other realms of human activity.

The Architecture of Light

The Architecture of Light
  • Author : Mary Ann Steane
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-12
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781135655952
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Summary : Reviewing the use of natural light by architects in the era of electricity, this book aims to show that natural light not only remains a potential source of order in architecture, but that natural lighting strategies impose a usefully creative discipline on design. Considering an approach to environmental context that sees light as a critical aspect of place, this book explores current attitudes to natural light by offering a series of in-depth studies of recent projects and the particular lighting issues they have addressed. It gives a more nuanced appraisal of these lighting strategies by setting them within their broader topographic, climatic and cultural contexts.

The Chapel of St. Ignatius

The Chapel of St. Ignatius
  • Author : Steven Holl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-07-01
  • Total pages :95
  • ISBN : 9781568981802
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Summary : Reveals Holl's working method from watercolor sketches to working drawings to construction shots.

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies
  • Author : Martin Abraham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-04
  • Total pages :2262
  • ISBN : 9780128047927
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies provides an authoritative assessment of the sustainable technologies that are currently available or in development. Sustainable technology includes the scientific understanding, development and application of a wide range of technologies and processes and their environmental implications. Systems and lifecycle analyses of energy systems, environmental management, agriculture, manufacturing and digital technologies provide a comprehensive method for understanding the full sustainability of processes. In addition, the development of clean processes through green chemistry and engineering techniques are also described. The book is the first multi-volume reference work to employ both Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and Triple Bottom Line (TBL) approaches to assessing the wide range of technologies available and their impact upon the world. Both approaches are long established and widely recognized, playing a key role in the organizing principles of this valuable work. Provides readers with a one-stop guide to the most current research in the field Presents a grounding of the fundamentals of the field of sustainable technologies Written by international leaders in the field, offering comprehensive coverage of the field and a consistent, high-quality scientific standard Includes the Life Cycle Analysis and Triple Bottom Line approaches to help users understand and assess sustainable technologies

Oceanography of the British Columbia Coast

Oceanography of the British Columbia Coast
  • Author : Richard E. Thomson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :291
  • ISBN : UVA:35007003961699
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Summary :

Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
  • Author : Robert A. Meyers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-30
  • Total pages :12555
  • ISBN : 0387894691
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Summary : The Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology (ESST) addresses the grand challenge for science and engineering today. It provides unprecedented, peer-reviewed coverage in more than 550 separate entries comprising 38 topical sections. ESST establishes a foundation for the many sustainability and policy evaluations being performed in institutions worldwide. An indispensable resource for scientists and engineers in developing new technologies and for applying existing technologies to sustainability, the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology is presented at the university and professional level needed for scientists, engineers, and their students to support real progress in sustainability science and technology. Although the emphasis is on science and technology rather than policy, the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology is also a comprehensive and authoritative resource for policy makers who want to understand the scope of research and development and how these bottom-up innovations map on to the sustainability challenge.

Lighting by Design

Lighting by Design
  • Author : Christopher Cuttle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-23
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781136437915
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Summary : Lighting by Design provides guidance on where to find inspiration for lighting ideas, how to plan the technical detail and how to execute the plan to create safe, effective and beautiful schemes. Christopher Cuttle's unique three level approach uses Observation, Visualisation and Realisation as the means to achieve these aims. Cuttle is a well known figure in the UK, US and Australia and New Zealand, with a wealth of experience of both teaching and practice. This new edition is fully updated and produced in full colour with many new diagrams and photographs. It will be immensely useful to professional and student architects, interior designers and specialist lighting designers.

Managing Cover Crops Profitably (3rd Ed. )

Managing Cover Crops Profitably (3rd Ed. )
  • Author : Andy Clark
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781437903799
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Summary : Cover crops slow erosion, improve soil, smother weeds, enhance nutrient and moisture availability, help control many pests and bring a host of other benefits to your farm. At the same time, they can reduce costs, increase profits and even create new sources of income. You¿ll reap dividends on your cover crop investments for years, since their benefits accumulate over the long term. This book will help you find which ones are right for you. Captures farmer and other research results from the past ten years. The authors verified the info. from the 2nd ed., added new results and updated farmer profiles and research data, and added 2 chap. Includes maps and charts, detailed narratives about individual cover crop species, and chap. about aspects of cover cropping.

Goat Science

Goat Science
  • Author : Sándor Kukovics
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-20
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9781789232028
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Summary : Goat science covers quite a wide range and varieties of topics, from genetics and breeding, via nutrition, production systems, reproduction, milk and meat production, animal health and parasitism, etc., up to the effects of goat products on human health. In this book, several parts of them are presented within 18 different chapters. Molecular genetics and genetic improvement of goats are the new approaches of goat development. Several factors affect the passage rate of digesta in goats, but for diet properties, goats are similar to other ruminants. Iodine deficiency in goats could be dangerous. Assisted reproduction techniques have similar importance in goats like in other ruminants. Milk and meat production traits of goats are almost equally important and have significant positive impacts on human health. Many factors affect the health of goats, heat stress being of increasing importance. Production systems could modify all of the abovementioned characteristics of goats.

Dynamic Sociology

Dynamic Sociology
  • Author : Lester Frank Ward
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1894
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015014436730
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Summary :

Daylighting for Sustainable Design

Daylighting for Sustainable Design
  • Author : Mary Guzowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :449
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048939089
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Summary : Exciting new daylighting techniques for architectural design! Just as natural light reveals colors in a richer, truer spectrum, daylighting opens new perspectives for architectural design. Daylighting for Sustainable Design, by noted architectural thinker Mary Guzowski, gives you practical design strategies that create a brighter, greener architecture by weaving together environmental, architectonic, and humanistic factors. Daylighting encompasses sensitive land-use, energy conservation, the use of healthy materials, and waste-reduction; design, technological and mechanical factors; aesthetics and quality of life issues. This stimulating resource helps you adapt daylighting to your own work with... *color illustrations that bring techniques vividly to life *case studies that illustrate how each principle can be implemented *checklist and design approach summaries*guides to daylighting resources, manufacturers, and specialist firms

Daylighting

Daylighting
  • Author : Derek Phillips
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-23
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781136412004
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Summary : Daylighting offers a general theory and introduction to the use of natural light in architecture. The fourth of Derek Phillip's lighting books draws on his experience to illustrate how best to bring natural light into building design. As sustainability becomes a core principal for designers, daylighting comes to the fore as an alternative to artificial, energy consuming, light. Here, Phillips makes a rational argument for considering daylight first, outlining the arguments in favour of a daylight approach, and goes on to show, through a series of beautifully illustrated case studies, how architects have created buildings in which natural light has been shown to play a major strategic role in the development of the design of a building.