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Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety

Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety
  • Author : Chin-Yi Chen,Xianghe Yan,Charlene R. Jackson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-15
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9780128013373
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Summary : Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety: Methods and Techniques introduces antimicrobial resistant food-borne pathogens, their surveillance and epidemiology, emerging resistance and resistant pathogens. This analysis is followed by a systematic presentation of currently applied methodology and technology, including advanced technologies for detection, intervention, and information technologies. This reference can be used as a practical guide for scientists, food engineers, and regulatory personnel as well as students in food safety, food microbiology, or food science. Includes analysis of all major pathogens of concern Provides many case studies and examples of fundamental research findings Presents recent advances in methodologies and analytical software Demonstrates risk assessment using information technologies in foodborne pathogens

Tackling Antibiotic Resistance from a Food Safety Perspective in Europe

Tackling Antibiotic Resistance from a Food Safety Perspective in Europe
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :65
  • ISBN : 9289014210
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Summary : Antibiotics have revolutionized the treatment of infectious diseases. But their use and misuse have resulted in the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. This is now a significant health problem: each year in the European Union alone, over 25 000 people die from infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic resistance is also a food safety problem: antibiotic use in food animals -for treatment, disease prevention or growth promotion - allows resistant bacteria and resistance genes to spread from food animals to humans through the food-chain. This publication explores the options for prevention and containment of antibiotic resistance in the food-chain through national coordination and international cooperation, including the regulation and reduction of antibiotic use in food animals, training and capacity building, surveillance of resistance trends and antibiotic usage, promotion of knowledge and research, and advocacy and communication to raise awareness of the issues. This publication is primarily intended for policy-makers and authorities working in the public health, agriculture, food production and veterinary sectors, and offers them ways to take a holistic, intersectoral, multifaceted approach to this growing problem.

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-10
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9780309259330
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Summary : Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.

Food Borne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance

Food Borne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance
  • Author : Om V. Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-30
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9781119139157
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Summary : Food is an essential means for humans and other animals to acquire the necessary elements needed for survival. However, it is also a transport vehicle for foodborne pathogens, which can pose great threats to human health. Use of antibiotics has been enhanced in the human health system; however, selective pressure among bacteria allows the development for antibiotic resistance. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance bridges technological gaps, focusing on critical aspects of foodborne pathogen detection and mechanisms regulating antibiotic resistance that are relevant to human health and foodborne illnesses This groundbreaking guide: • Introduces the microbial presence on variety of food items for human and animal consumption. • Provides the detection strategies to screen and identify the variety of food pathogens in addition to reviews the literature. • Provides microbial molecular mechanism of food spoilage along with molecular mechanism of microorganisms acquiring antibiotic resistance in food. • Discusses systems biology of food borne pathogens in terms of detection and food spoilage. • Discusses FDA’s regulations and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) towards challenges and possibilities of developing global food safety. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance is an immensely useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the food science, food microbiology, microbiology, and industrial biotechnology.

Salmonella

Salmonella
  • Author : Maria Teresa Mascellino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-18
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 9781789234442
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Summary : This book deals with the microorganism Salmonella. This bacterium is well known for a long time, being involved in systemic (typhus and paratyphus infections) and nonsystemic diseases such as food poisoning. Major and minor Salmonellae are widespread worldwide in developing countries and industrialized areas, respectively. In 2015, about 3576 Salmonella strains have been isolated from human infections in Italy. S. typhimurium and S. enteritidis are the most prevalent serotypes and represent 80% of cases of infections over the last 10 years. The antibiotic susceptibility decrease over the last decades is a big issue in the management of this bacterium, once considered easy to treat. The use of antibiotic combinations in order to overcome the microorganism resistance should be hoped.

The Evolving Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance

The Evolving Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance
  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :119
  • ISBN : 9241503181
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Summary : Subject: Antibiotic resistance development is a natural process of adaption leading to a limited lifespan of antibiotics. Unnecessary and inappropriate use of antibiotics favours the emergence and spread of resistant bacteria. A crisis has been building up over decades, so that today common and life-threatening infections are becoming difficult or even impossible to treat. It is time to take much stronger action worldwide to avert an ever increasing health and economic burden. A new WHO publication "The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance--Options for action" describes examples of policy activities that have addressed AMR in different parts of the world. The aim is to raise awareness and to stimulate further coordinated efforts

Drivers, Dynamics and Epidemiology of Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal Production

Drivers, Dynamics and Epidemiology of Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal Production
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-14
  • Total pages :68
  • ISBN : 9789251094419
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Summary : It is now accepted that increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria affecting humans and animals in recent decades is primarily influenced by an increase in usage of antimicrobials for a variety of purposes, including therapeutic and non-therapeutic uses in animal production. Antimicrobial resistance is an ancient and naturally occurring phenomenon in bacteria. But the use of antimicrobial drugs – in health care, agriculture or industrial settings – exerts a selection pressure which can favour the survival of resistant strains (or genes) over susceptible ones, leading to a relative increase in resistant bacteria within microbial communities.

The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors

The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Emerging Infections
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-26
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 0309168309
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Summary : The resistance topic is timely given current events. The emergence of mysterious new diseases, such as SARS, and the looming threat of bioterrorist attacks remind us of how vulnerable we can be to infectious agents. With advances in medical technologies, we have tamed many former microbial foes, yet with few new antimicrobial agents and vaccines in the pipeline, and rapidly increasing drug resistance among infectious microbes, we teeter on the brink of loosing the upperhand in our ongoing struggle against these foes, old and new. The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors examines our understanding of the relationships among microbes, disease vectors, and human hosts, and explores possible new strategies for meeting the challenge of resistance.

Challenges to Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance Economic and Policy Responses

Challenges to Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance Economic and Policy Responses
  • Author : OECD,World Health Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-01
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9781108864121
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Summary : Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a biological mechanism whereby a microorganism evolves over time to develop the ability to become resistant to antimicrobial therapies such as antibiotics. The drivers of and potential solutions to AMR are complex, often spanning multiple sectors. The internationally recognized response to AMR advocates for a ‘One Health’ approach, which requires policies to be developed and implemented across human, animal, and environmental health.

Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance: Approaches, Issues, and Challenges to Overcome

Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance: Approaches, Issues, and Challenges to Overcome
  • Author : Gilberto Igrejas,José Luis Capelo,Alexandre Gonçalves,Patrícia Poeta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-29
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889451418
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Summary : Why Antibiotic Resistance? The use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine may have consequences beyond their intended applications. The “One Health” concept recognizes that the health of humans is connected to the health of animals and the environment. Progress in molecular genetics is facilitating the rapid evaluation of the essentiality of these targets on a genomic scale. In 2015, a group of researchers established the International Conference on Antibiotic Resistance (IC2AR).The primary objective of this meeting is to bring together scientists involved in antibiotic resistance prevention and control. The IC2AR conducted its inaugural world congress in January 2015 at Caparica (Portugal). Antimicrobial resistance presents a significant challenge to scientists in the field of infectious diseases. The full knowledge of how antibiotics resistance is evolving and being transmitted between hosts in different ecosystems is taking on great importance. Necessary action includes research to define the scope of the problem including its various sources. This eBook comprises a series of original research and review articles dealing with the epidemiology of resistance in animal and zoonotic pathogens, mobile elements containing resistance genes, the omics of antimicrobial resistance, emerging antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, control of resistant infections, establishing antimicrobial use and resistance surveillance systems, and alternatives strategies to overcome the problem of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. Gilberto Igrejas, José Luis Capelo and Patrícia Poeta Scientific Committee of IC2AR, February 20th, 2017

Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals

Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals
  • Author : Stefan Schwarz,Lina Maria Cavaco,Jianzhong Shen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-02
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781555819804
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Summary : The global spread of antimicrobial-resistant pathogenic bacteria is a continuing challenge to the health care of humans and domesticated animals. With no new agents on the horizon, it is imperative to use antimicrobial agents wisely to preserve their future efficacy. Led by Editors Stefan Schwarz, Lina Maria Cavaco, and Jianzhong Shen with Frank Møller Aarestrup, an international team of experts in antimicrobial resistance of livestock and companion animals has created this valuable reference for veterinary students and practitioners as well as researchers and decision makers interested in understanding and preventing antimicrobial resistance.

Handbook of Natural Antimicrobials for Food Safety and Quality

Handbook of Natural Antimicrobials for Food Safety and Quality
  • Author : M Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-04
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9781782420422
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Summary : Natural additives are increasingly favoured over synthetic ones as methods of ensuring food safety and long shelf-life. The antimicrobial properties of both plant-based antimicrobials such as essential oils and proteins such as bacteriocins are used in, for example, edible preservative films, in food packaging and in combination with synthetic preservatives for maximum efficacy. New developments in delivery technology such as nanoencapsulation also increase the potential of natural antimicrobials for widespread use in industry. Part one introduces the different types of natural antimicrobials for food applications. Part two covers methods of application, and part three looks at determining the effectiveness of natural antimicrobials in food. Part four focuses on enhancing quality and safety, and includes chapters on specific food products. Reviews different types of antimicrobials used in food safety and quality Covers how antimicrobials are created to be used in different foods Examines how the antimicrobials are used in foods to enhance the safety and quality

Drug Residues in Foods

Drug Residues in Foods
  • Author : Dimitrios J. Fletouris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-11-14
  • Total pages :1200
  • ISBN : 9780203903872
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Summary : "Offers unique data on the physiochemical properties, functions and metabolism, toxicological and pharmacological effects, regulatory control, antimicrobial resistance, and consumer perceptions of food residue regulation."

Food Safety in China

Food Safety in China
  • Author : Joseph Jwu-Shan Jen,Junshi Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-14
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781119238072
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Summary : From contaminated infant formula to a spate of all-too familiar headlines in recent years, food safety has emerged as one of the harsher realities behind China's economic miracle. Tainted beef, horse meat and dioxin outbreaks in the western world have also put food safety in the global spotlight. Food Safety in China: Science, Technology, Management and Regulation presents a comprehensive overview of the history and current state of food safety in China, along with emerging regulatory trends and the likely future needs of the country. Although the focus is on China, global perspectives are presented in the chapters and 33 of the 99 authors are from outside of China. Timely and illuminating, this book offers invaluable insights into our understanding of a critical link in the increasingly globalized complex food supply chain of today's world.

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance - A One Health Approach

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance - A One Health Approach
  • Author : Ghassan M. Matar,Antoine Andremont
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-14
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889635153
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Summary :

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals
  • Author : National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Panel on Animal Health, Food Safety, and Public Health,Committee on Drug Use in Food Animals
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-12
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9780309054348
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Summary : The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industries--poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease. The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries. Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health. The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management. November

Antimicrobials in Food, Third Edition

Antimicrobials in Food, Third Edition
  • Author : P. Michael Davidson,John N. Sofos,A. Larry Branen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-28
  • Total pages :720
  • ISBN : 9781420028737
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Summary : Twelve years have passed since its last edition - making Antimicrobials in Foods, Third Edition the must-have resource for those interested in the latest information on food antimicrobials. During that time, complex issues regarding food preservation and safety have emerged. A dozen years ago, major outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes had not yet occurred, consumer and regulatory demands for improved food safety were just surfacing, the use of naturally occurring antimicrobials was in its infancy, and lysozyme, lactoferrin, ozone, and several other compounds were not approved for use in or on foods in the United States. The editors have addressed these contemporary topics by synthesizing information from internationally recognized authorities in their fields. Five new chapters have been added in this latest release, including the most recent details on lysozyme, naturally occurring antimicrobials from both animal and plant sources, hurdle technology approaches, and mechanisms of action, resistance, and stress adaptation. Existing chapters have been extensively revised to reflect the most relevant research and information available on antimicrobials. Complementing these topics is information on the progress that has been made in determining the effects and mechanisms of action involved in a number of naturally occurring antimicrobials.

Food Safety Economics

Food Safety Economics
  • Author : Tanya Roberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-21
  • Total pages :411
  • ISBN : 9783319921389
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Summary : This book examines the economic incentives for food safety in the private marketplace and how public actions have helped shape those incentives. Noted contributors analyze alternative public health protection efforts and the benefits and costs associated with these actions to understand: why an excess of foodborne illness occurs what policies have worked best how regulations have evolved what the path forward to better control of pathogens in the U.S. and the international food supply chain might look like While the first third of the book builds an economic framework, the remaining chapters apply economics to specific food safety issues. Numerous chapters explore economic decision making within individual companies, revealing the trade-offs of the costs of food safety systems to comply with regulations, vs. non-compliance which carries costs of possible penalties, reputation damage, legal liability suits, and sales reduction. Pathogen control costs are examined in both the short run and long run. The book's unique application of economic theory to food safety decision making in both the public and private sectors makes it a key resource for food safety professionals in academia, government, industry, and consumer groups around the world. In addition to Benefit/Cost Analysis and economic incentives, other economic concepts are applied to food safety supply chains, such as, principal-agent theory and the economics of information. Authors provide real world examples, from Farm-to-Fork, to showcase these economic concepts throughout the book.

Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria of Animal Origin

Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria of Animal Origin
  • Author : Frank M. Aarestrup
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 155581753X
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Summary : Comprehensively examines the current research on antimicrobial resistance in the main veterinary and zoonotic pathogens, including resistance to disinfectants and metals used in agriculture. the early chapters provide information on modes of action of antibiotics and mechanisms of bacterial resistance, in addition to exploring the history of antimicrobial use in agriculture. Several chapters are devoted to examination of antimicrobial resistance in specific bacteria, including: the family Pasteurellaceae, species of Campylobacter, pathogenic Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, and Enterococcus. Also detailed are phenotypic and molecular methods for susceptibility testing, regulatory mechanisms for usage of antibiotics, and methods for monitoring drug usage and resistance.

Model Organisms for Microbial Pathogenesis, Biofilm Formation and Antimicrobial Drug Discovery

Model Organisms for Microbial Pathogenesis, Biofilm Formation and Antimicrobial Drug Discovery
  • Author : Busi Siddhardha,Madhu Dyavaiah,Asad Syed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-28
  • Total pages :684
  • ISBN : 9789811516955
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Summary : This book provides essential insights into microbial pathogenesis, host-pathogen interactions, and the anti-microbial drug resistance of various human pathogens on the basis of various model organisms. The initial sections of the book introduce readers to the mechanisms of microbial pathogenesis, host-pathogen interactions, anti-microbial drug resistance, and the dynamics of biofilm formation. Due to the emergence of various microbial resistant strains, it is especially important to understand the prognosis for microbial infections, disease progression profiles, and mechanisms of resistance to antibiotic therapy in order to develop novel therapeutic strategies. In turn, the second part of the book presents a comparative analysis of various animal models to help readers understand microbial pathogenesis, host-pathogen interactions, anti-microbial drug discovery, anti-biofilm therapeutics, and treatment regimes. Given its scope, the book represents a valuable asset for microbiologists, biotechnologists, medical professionals, drug development researchers, and pharmacologists alike.

Antimicrobial Food Packaging

Antimicrobial Food Packaging
  • Author : Jorge Barros-Velazquez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-27
  • Total pages :676
  • ISBN : 9780128008102
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Summary : Antimicrobial Food Packaging takes an interdisciplinary approach to provide a complete and robust understanding of packaging from some of the most well-known international experts. This practical reference provides basic information and practical applications for the potential uses of various films in food packaging, describes the different types of microbial targets (fungal, bacteria, etc.), and focuses on the applicability of techniques to industry. Tactics on the monitoring of microbial activity that use antimicrobial packaging detection of food borne pathogens, the use of biosensors, and testing antimicrobial susceptibility are also included, along with food safety and good manufacturing practices. The book aims to curtail the development of microbiological contamination of food through anti-microbial packaging to improve the safety in the food supply chain. Presents the science behind anti-microbial packaging and films reflecting advancements in chemistry, microbiology, and food science Includes the most up-to-date information on regulatory aspects, consumer acceptance, research trends, cost analysis, risk analysis and quality control Discusses the uses of natural and unnatural compounds for food safety and defense