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Antioxidants Effects in Health

Antioxidants Effects in Health
  • Author : Seyed Mohammad Nabavi,Ana Sanches Silva
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-15
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 0128190965
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Summary : Antioxidants Effects in Health: The Bright and the Dark Side examines the role that antioxidants play in a variety of health and disease situations. The book discusses antioxidants' historical evolution, their oxidative stress, and contains a detailed approach of 1) endogenous antioxidants, including endogenous sources, mechanisms of action, beneficial and detrimental effects on health, in vitro evidence, animal studies and clinical studies; 2) synthetic antioxidants, including sources, chemistry, bioavailability, legal status, mechanisms of action, beneficial and detrimental effects on health, in vitro evidence, animal studies and clinical studies; and 3) natural antioxidants, including sources, chemistry, bioavailability, mechanisms of action, possible prooxidant activity; beneficial and detrimental effects on health, in vitro evidence, animal studies and clinical studies. Throughout the boo, the relationship of antioxidants with different beneficial and detrimental effects are examined, and the current controversies and future perspectives are addressed and explored. Antioxidants Effects in Health: The Bright and the Dark Side evaluates the current scientific evidence on antioxidant topics, focusing on endogenous antioxidants, naturally occurring antioxidants and synthetic antioxidants. It will be a helpful resource for pharmaceutical scientists, health professionals, those studying natural chemistry, phytochemistry, pharmacognosy, natural product synthesis, and experts in formulation of herbal and natural pharmaceuticals. Introduces recent information on antioxidants in a systematic way Provides an overview of the history and function of antioxidants Contains discussion of antioxidants including their chemistry, sources and main effects

Natural Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease

Natural Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Balz Frei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-10-06
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : UOM:39015031798039
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Summary : This book serves as a comprehensive overview of the current scientific knowledge on the health effects of dietary and supplemental antioxidants (such as vitamins C and E). Chapters integrate information from basic research and animal studies, epidemiologic studies, and clinical intervention trials. The popular media has taken great interest in antioxidants, with numerous articles emphasizing their role in preventing disease and the possible slowing of the aging process. These antioxidant vitamins may be important in preventing not only acute deficiency symptoms, but also chronic disorders such as heart disease and certain types of cancer. This book, therefore, is not only for scientists and doctors, but also for health writers, journalists, and informed lay people. The text focuses on several human conditions for which there is now good scientific evidence that oxidation is an important etiological component. Specifically, antioxidants may prevent or slow down the progression of: Cancer, Cardiovascular disease, Immune system disorders, Cataracts, Neurological disorders, Degeneration due to the aging process.

Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health

Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health
  • Author : Lester Packer,Midori Hiramatsu,Toshikazu Yoshikawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-03-16
  • Total pages :511
  • ISBN : 0080527280
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Summary : Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health discusses new discoveries in the areas of oxygen and nitric oxide metabolism and pathophysiology, redox regulation and cell signaling, and the identification of natural antioxidants and their mechanisms of action on free radicals and their role in health and disease. An essential resource for researchers, students, and professionals in food science and nutrition, gerontology, physiology, pharmacology, and related areas. Health effects of antioxidant nutrients Nutrients of vitamins C and E, selenium, alpha-lipoic acid, coenzyme Q10, carotenoids, and flavonoids Natural source antioxidants, including pine bark, ginko biloba, wine, herbs,uyaku, and carica papaya

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition
  • Author : Manfred Lamprecht
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-17
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 9781466567573
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Summary : The use of antioxidants in sports is controversial due to existing evidence that they both support and hinder athletic performance. Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition covers antioxidant use in the athlete ́s basic nutrition and discusses the controversies surrounding the usefulness of antioxidant supplementation. The book also stresses how antioxidants may affect immunity, health, and exercise performance. The book contains scientifically based chapters explaining the basic mechanisms of exercise-induced oxidative damage. Also covered are methodological approaches to assess the effectiveness of antioxidant treatment. Biomarkers are discussed as a method to estimate the bioefficacy of dietary/supplemental antioxidants in sports. This book is useful for sport nutrition scientists, physicians, exercise physiologists, product developers, sport practitioners, coaches, top athletes, and recreational athletes. In it, they will find objective information and practical guidance.

Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease

Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Tapan Kumar Basu,Norman J. Temple,Manohar L. Garg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0851993346
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Summary : Antioxidants and their mechanisms of action; Food factors as antioxidants; Coronary heart disease; Malignant disease; Other diseases; Indicators of oxidative stress; Consumer issues.

Natural Antioxidants

Natural Antioxidants
  • Author : Fereidoon Shahidi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 0935315772
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Summary : This book provides state-of-the-art discussion of natural antioxidants from dietary sources, their occurrence, health effects, chemistry, and methodologies. The book summarizes data on the occurrence of antioxidative compounds in cereals and legumes, oilseeds, herbs and spices, vegetables, teas, muscle foods, and other commodities. The antioxidant vitamins and enzymes also are thoroughly discussed. The potential beneficial effects of dietary antioxidants, the chemistry of food antioxidants, and methodologies to assess lipid oxidation and antioxidant activity also have been covered.

Phytochemicals of Nutraceutical Importance

Phytochemicals of Nutraceutical Importance
  • Author : Dhan Prakash,Girish Sharma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-28
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9781780643632
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Summary : Nutraceuticals are bioactive phytochemicals that protect or promote health and occur at the intersection of food and pharmaceutical industries. This book will cover a wider spectrum of human health and diseases including the role of phytonutrients in the prevention and treatment. The Book includes chapters dealing with biological and clinical effect, molecular level approach, quality assurance, bioavailability and metabolism of a number phytochemicals and their role to combat different diseases.

Antioxidants in Health and Disease

Antioxidants in Health and Disease
  • Author : Antonis Zampelas,Renata Micha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-09
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781466580114
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Summary : Antioxidant use in health promotion and disease prevention either through dietary intake or supplementation is controversial. This book reviews the latest evidence-based research in the area, principally through prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials. It assesses major dietary antioxidants and discusses their use in diseases such as cancer, diabetes, stroke, coronary heart disease, HIV/AIDS, and neurodegenerative and immune diseases. The use of antioxidants in health is also discussed along with common adverse effects associated with antioxidant use.

Lipoic Acid

Lipoic Acid
  • Author : Mulchand S. Patel,Lester Packer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-17
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 1420045393
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Summary : The recognition of oxidative stress as a major factor in health, aging, and disease has led to a surge in research aimed at uncovering effective countermeasures in the form of antioxidants. Unique in its two-fold protective function, alpha-lipoic acid has drawn unprecedented interest as a coenzyme in mitochondrial energy metabolism and as an antioxidant and cell redox modulator. Mounting data regarding its potential health benefits demands an authoritative, single-source reference to codify current knowledge and guide future research. A state-of-the-science compilation, Lipoic Acid follows the history of this potent coenzyme and the latest discoveries regarding the chemistry, biological action, and significance in energy production, antioxidant activity, and health. The book is divided into three sections: · Section I: Discovery and Molecular Structure reviews the early studies leading to the discovery of alpha-lipoic acid and explains the molecular structure, biosynthesis, and the characterization of lipoic acid and its chemical derivatives. · Section II: Metabolic Aspects describes in detail the human pharmacokinetics of alpha-lipoic acid including the lipoic acid-derived dehydrogenase complexes and their roles in energy metabolism. It also explains antioxidant activity and redox modulation and how lipoic acid induces Phase II detoxification enzymes through activation of Nrf2-dependent gene expression. · Section III Clinical Aspects discusses enzyme deficiency disorders and the effects of lipoic acid on insulin. It defines lipoic acid influence on signaling pathways and AMP-activated kinase, and considers the therapeutic implications for treatment of metabolic syndromes and the improvement of mitochondrial function by lipoic acid supplementation. Contributions from leading international researchers make Lipoic Acid the most comprehensive, up-to-date account of the impact of this potentially key molecule in diminishing the damaging effects of aging and disease.

Oxidative Stress and Chronic Degenerative Diseases

Oxidative Stress and Chronic Degenerative Diseases
  • Author : Jose Antonio Morales-Gonzalez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-22
  • Total pages :514
  • ISBN : 9789535111238
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Summary : This work responds to the need to find, in a sole document, the affect of oxidative stress at different levels, as well as treatment with antioxidants to revert and diminish the damage. Oxidative Stress and Chronic Degenerative Diseases - a Role for Antioxidants is written for health professionals by researchers at diverse educative institutions (Mexico, Brazil, USA, Spain, Australia, and Slovenia). I would like to underscore that of the 19 chapters, 14 are by Mexican researchers, which demonstrates the commitment of Mexican institutions to academic life and to the prevention and treatment of chronic degenerative diseases.

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Complete Food and Nutrition Guide, 5th Ed

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Complete Food and Nutrition Guide, 5th Ed
  • Author : Roberta Larson Duyff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-18
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780544520592
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Summary : The newest edition of the most trusted nutrition bible. Since its first, highly successful edition in 1996, The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Complete Food and Nutrition Guide has continually served as the gold-standard resource for advice on healthy eating and active living at every age and stage of life. At once accessible and authoritative, the guide effectively balances a practical focus with the latest scientific information, serving the needs of consumers and health professionals alike. Opting for flexibility over rigid dos and don’ts, it allows readers to personalize their own paths to healthier living through simple strategies. This newly updated Fifth Edition addresses the most current dietary guidelines, consumer concerns, public health needs, and marketplace and lifestyle trends in sections covering Choices for Wellness; Food from Farm to Fork; Know Your Nutrients; Food for Every Age and Stage of Life; and Smart Eating to Prevent and Manage Health Issues.

Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health

Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health
  • Author : Oluwafemi Oguntibeju
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-05
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9789535112150
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Summary : The human system employs the use of endogenous enzymatic as well as non-enzymatic antioxidant defence systems against the onslaught of free radicals and oxidative stress. Enzymatic antioxidants and non-enzymatic antioxidants work synergistically with each other, using different mechanisms against different free radicals and stages of oxidative stress. Dietary and lifestyle modifications are seen as the mainstay of treatment and management of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. The major aims of dietary and lifestyle changes are to reduce weight, improve glycaemic control and reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, which accounts for 70- 80% of deaths among those with diabetes. It is also important to note that medicinal plants have been used as medicines since ancient time, and continue to play significant role even in modern medicine in management and treatment of chronic diseases. Impressive numbers of modern therapeutic agents have been developed from plants. Phytochemicals have been isolated and characterised from fruits such as grapes and apples, vegetables such as broccoli and onion, spices such as turmeric, beverages such as green tea and red wine, as well as many other sources. The WHO estimates that approximately 80% of the worlds inhabitants rely on traditional medicine for their primary health care and many medicinal plants have ethno-medical claims of usefulness in the treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases globally, and have been employed empirically in antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, antihypertensive, antinflammatory and antiparasitic remedies. This book examines the role of antioxidant-rich natural products in management and treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases.

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-26
  • Total pages :1488
  • ISBN : 9780123984678
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Summary : Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Natural Antioxidants and Anticarcinogens in Nutrition, Health and Disease

Natural Antioxidants and Anticarcinogens in Nutrition, Health and Disease
  • Author : J T Kumpulainen,J T Salonen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-01-01
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9781845698409
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Summary : Natural antioxidants and anticarcinogens in nutrition, health and disease represents the most recent information and state-of-the-art knowledge on the role of antioxidative vitamins, carotenoids and flavonoids in ageing, atherosclerosis, and diabetes, as well as the role of natural anticarcinogenic compounds, particularly lignans and isoflavonoids, and cancer prevention. It is highly interdisciplinary, and will be of importance to all scientists working in the medical, biomedical, nutritional and food sciences as well as the academics.

Phenolic Antioxidants and Health Benefits

Phenolic Antioxidants and Health Benefits
  • Author : U.D. Chavan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-01
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 9789388172349
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Summary : This book is mainly based on the latest research results and applications of phenolic and polyphenolic compounds. Phenolic compounds, ubiquitous in plants, are an essential part of the human diet and are of considerable interest due to their antioxidant properties and potential beneficial health effects. These compounds range structurally from a simple phenolic molecule to complex high-molecular-weight polymers. There is increasing evidence that consumption of a variety of phenolic compounds present in foods may lower the risk of health disorders because of their antioxidant activity. When added to foods, antioxidants control rancidity development, retard the formation of toxic oxidation products, maintain nutritional quality and extend the shelf-life of products. Due to safety concerns and limitation on the use of synthetic antioxidants, natural antioxidants obtained from edible materials, edible by-products and residual sources have been of increasing interest. This contribution summarizes both the synthetic and natural phenolic antioxidants, emphasizing their mode of action, health effects, degradation products and toxicology. In addition, sources of phenolic antioxidants are discussed in detail.

Handbook of Antioxidants

Handbook of Antioxidants
  • Author : Lester Packer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-10-26
  • Total pages :732
  • ISBN : 9780824745103
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Summary : Contains new and expanded material on antioxidants in beverages and herbal products, nitric oxide and selenium, and the effect of vitamin C on cardiovascular disease and of lipoic acid on aging, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance! Offering over 4200 contemporary references-2000 more than the previous edition-the Second Edition of the Handbook of Antioxidants is an up-to-the-minute source for nutritionists and dietitians, cell biologists and biochemists, cardiologists, oncologists, dermatologists, and medical students in these disciplines.

Herbal Medicine

Herbal Medicine
  • Author : Iris F. F. Benzie,Sissi Wachtel-Galor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-28
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9781439807163
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Summary : The global popularity of herbal supplements and the promise they hold in treating various disease states has caused an unprecedented interest in understanding the molecular basis of the biological activity of traditional remedies. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects focuses on presenting current scientific evidence of biomolecular ef

Oxidants, Antioxidants, and Impact of the Oxidative Status in Male Reproduction

Oxidants, Antioxidants, and Impact of the Oxidative Status in Male Reproduction
  • Author : Ralf Henkel,Luna Samanta,Ashok Agarwal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-23
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9780128125670
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Summary : Oxidants, Antioxidants and Impact of the Oxidative Status in Male Reproduction is an essential reference for fertility practitioners and research and laboratory professionals interested in learning about the role of reactive oxygen species in sperm physiology and pathology. The book focuses on unravelling the pathophysiology of oxidative stress mediated male infertility, recruiting top researchers and clinicians to contribute chapters. This collection of expertise delves into the physico-chemical aspects of oxidative stress, including a new focus on reductive stress. Furthermore, the inclusion of clinical techniques to determine oxidative stress and the OMICS of reductive oxidative stress are also included. This is a must-have reference in the area of oxidative stress and male reproductive function. Offers comprehensive information on oxidative stress and its role in male reproduction, including new therapeutic approaches Deals with current approaches to oxidative stress using OMICS platform“/li> Designed for fertility practitioners, reproductive researchers, and laboratory professionals interested in learning about the role of reactive oxygen species in sperm physiology and pathology

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-06
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9780128130070
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Summary : Polyphenols: Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease, Second Edition describes the mechanisms of polyphenol antioxidant activities and their use in disease prevention. Chapters highlight the anti-inflammatory activity of polyphenols on key dendritic cells, how they modulate and suppress inflammation, and how they are inactivated or activated by metabolism in the gut and circulating blood. Polyphenols have proven effective for key health benefits, including bone health, organ health, cardiac and vascular conditions, absorption and metabolism, and cancer and diseases of the immune system. They are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables and other plant products. This very diverse and multi-functional group of active plant compounds contain powerful antioxidant properties and exhibit remarkable chemical, biological and physiological properties, including cancer prevention and cardio-protective activities. Expands coverage on green tea, cocoa, wine, cumin and herbs Outlines their chemical properties, bioavailability and metabolomics Provides a self-teaching guide to learn the mechanisms of action and health benefits of polyphenols

Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages

Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780124046955
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Summary : Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of beverages, how production options can be used to enhance antioxidant benefit, and how to determine the production process that will result in the optimum antioxidant benefit while retaining consumer acceptability. In the food industry, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and to prevent off-flavors from developing. These production-added components also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake. Moreover, some production processes reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants. Thus, in terms of food science, it is important to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants, but what they are, how much are in the different food ingredients, and how they are damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book specifically addresses the composition and characterization of antioxidants in coffee, green tea, soft drinks, beer, and wine. Processing techniques considered here include fermentation and aging, high-pressure homogenization, enzymatic debittering, and more. Lastly, the book considers several selective antioxidant assays, such as Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) assays. Provides insights into processing options for enhanced antioxidant bioavailability Presents correlation potentials for increased total antioxidant capacity Includes methods for the in situ or in-line monitoring of antioxidants to reduce industrial loss of antioxidants in beverages Proposes processing of concentrated fractions of antioxidants that can be added to foods

Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health

Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health
  • Author : Chi-Tang Ho,Mou-Tuan Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 0841224757
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Summary :