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Application of Smart Grid Technologies

Application of Smart Grid Technologies
  • Author : Lisa Lamont,Ali Sayigh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-29
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 9780128031438
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Summary : Application of Smart Grid Technologies: Case Studies in Saving Electricity in Different Parts of the World provides a wide international view of smart grid technologies and their implementation in all regions of the globe. A brief overview of smart grid concepts and state-of-the art technologies is followed by sections that highlight smart grid experiences in Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe and Australasia. Chapters address select countries or sub-regions, presenting their local technological needs and specificities, status of smart grid implementation, technologies of choice, impacts on their electricity markets, and future trends. Similar chapter makes it easier to compare these experiences. In a time when the smart grid is becoming a worldwide reality, this book is ideal for professionals in power transmission and distribution companies, as well as students and researchers in the same field. It is also useful for those involved in energy management and policymaking. Presents the status and challenges of smart grid technologies and their implementation around the globe Includes global case studies written by local experts and organized for easy comparison Provides a brief overview of smart grid concepts and currently available technologies

Smart Grid

Smart Grid
  • Author : Janaka B. Ekanayake,Nick Jenkins,Kithsiri Liyanage,Jianzhong Wu,Akihiko Yokoyama
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-23
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781119969099
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Summary : Electric power systems worldwide face radical transformation with the need to decarbonise electricity supply, replace ageing assets and harness new information and communication technologies (ICT). The Smart Grid uses advanced ICT to control next generation power systems reliably and efficiently. This authoritative guide demonstrates the importance of the Smart Grid and shows how ICT will extend beyond transmission voltages to distribution networks and customer-level operation through Smart Meters and Smart Homes. Smart Grid Technology and Applications: Clearly unravels the evolving Smart Grid concept with extensive illustrations and practical examples. Describes the spectrum of key enabling technologies required for the realisation of the Smart Grid with worked examples to illustrate the applications. Enables readers to engage with the immediate development of the power system and take part in the debate over the future Smart Grid. Introduces the constituent topics from first principles, assuming only a basic knowledge of mathematics, circuits and power systems. Brings together the expertise of a highly experienced and international author team from the UK, Sri Lanka, China and Japan. Electrical, electronics and computer engineering researchers, practitioners and consultants working in inter-disciplinary Smart Grid RD&D will significantly enhance their knowledge through this reference. The tutorial style will greatly benefit final year undergraduate and master’s students as the curriculum increasing focuses on the breadth of technologies that contribute to Smart Grid realisation.

Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems and Smart Grid

Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems and Smart Grid
  • Author : Bimal K. Bose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-27
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9781119515654
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Summary : The comprehensive and authoritative guide to power electronics in renewable energy systems Power electronics plays a significant role in modern industrial automation and high- efficiency energy systems. With contributions from an international group of noted experts, Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems and Smart Grid: Technology and Applications offers a comprehensive review of the technology and applications of power electronics in renewable energy systems and smart grids. The authors cover information on a variety of energy systems including wind, solar, ocean, and geothermal energy systems as well as fuel cell systems and bulk energy storage systems. They also examine smart grid elements, modeling, simulation, control, and AI applications. The book's twelve chapters offer an application-oriented and tutorial viewpoint and also contain technology status review. In addition, the book contains illustrative examples of applications and discussions of future perspectives. This important resource: Includes descriptions of power semiconductor devices, two level and multilevel converters, HVDC systems, FACTS, and more Offers discussions on various energy systems such as wind, solar, ocean, and geothermal energy systems, and also fuel cell systems and bulk energy storage systems Explores smart grid elements, modeling, simulation, control, and AI applications Contains state-of-the-art technologies and future perspectives Provides the expertise of international authorities in the field Written for graduate students, professors in power electronics, and industry engineers, Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems and Smart Grid: Technology and Applications offers an up-to-date guide to technology and applications of a wide-range of power electronics in energy systems and smart grids.

Smart Grid Applications and Developments

Smart Grid Applications and Developments
  • Author : Daphne Mah,Peter Hills,Victor O.K. Li,Richard Balme
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-25
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 9781447162810
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Summary : Meeting today’s energy and climate challenges require not only technological advancement but also a good understanding of stakeholders’ perceptions, political sensitivity, well-informed policy analyses and innovative interdisciplinary solutions. This book will fill this gap. This is an interdisciplinary informative book to provide a holistic and integrated understanding of the technology-stakeholder-policy interactions of smart grid technologies. The unique features of the book include the following: (a) interdisciplinary approach – by bringing in the policy dimensions to smart grid technologies; (b) global and Asian perspective and (c) learning from national case studies. This book is organised into five sections. Part 1 discusses the historical and conceptual aspects of smart grids. Part 2 introduces the technological aspects and showcase the state of the art of the technologies. Part 3 explores the policy and governance dimensions by bringing in a stakeholder perspective. Part 4 presents a collection of national case studies. Part 5 shares insights and lesson learnt and provide policy recommendations. This book showcases the state-of-the-art R&D developments and policy experiences. This book contributes to a better understanding of governance institution and policy challenges and helps formulate policy recommendations for successful smart grid deployment.

Introduction to the Smart Grid

Introduction to the Smart Grid
  • Author : S. K. Salman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 9781785611193
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Summary : The concept, evolution and technologies of the Smart Grid are discussed and explained in this comprehensive introduction to the subject. It identifies and discusses the tools required to ensure the interoperability among the various digitally-based components of the Smart Grid. Additionally it covers the input of user groups and collaborative efforts within the power industry towards developments of interoperability standards. Topics covered include: communication and information technology as a key component of the Smart Grid; the fundamental functions of the Smart Grid communication infrastructure, its architecture, the expected challenges and standardization efforts by industry; cyber security of power systems; the international standard IEC 61850 and its relevance to the development of the Smart Grid concept; transforming conventional distribution networks into Smart distribution networks particularly in the USA and Europe; a discussion of how Smart Grid facilitates the integration of electric vehicles and EV charging stations; and types of electrical energy storage systems. This book highlights and discusses the necessary tools, drivers and key technologies related to the Smart Grid and, with examples from ongoing projects, it is essential reading for professional engineers and researchers and advanced graduate students interested in the topic.

Distributed Control and Optimization Technologies in Smart Grid Systems

Distributed Control and Optimization Technologies in Smart Grid Systems
  • Author : Fanghong Guo,Changyun Wen,Yong-Duan Song
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-09
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9781351613965
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Summary : The book aims to equalize the theoretical involvement with industrial practicality and build a bridge between academia and industry by reducing the mathematical difficulties. It provides an overview of distributed control and distributed optimization theory, followed by specific details on industrial applications to smart grid systems, with a special focus on micro grid systems. Each of the chapters is written and organized with an introductory section tailored to provide the essential background of the theories required. The text includes industrial applications to realistic renewable energy systems problems and illustrates the application of proposed toolsets to control and optimization of smart grid systems.

Smart Grid Applications, Communications, and Security

Smart Grid Applications, Communications, and Security
  • Author : Lars T. Berger,Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-10
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9781118004395
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Summary : For many, smart grids are the biggest technological revolutionsince the Internet. They have the potential to reduce carbondioxide emissions, increase the reliability of electricity supply,and increase the efficiency of our energy infrastructure. Smart Grid Applications, Communications, and Securityexplains how diverse technologies play hand-in-hand in building andmaintaining smart grids around the globe. The book delves into thecommunication aspects of smart grids, provides incredible insightinto power electronics, sensing, monitoring, and controltechnologies, and points out the potential for new technologies andmarkets. Extensively cross-referenced, the book contains comprehensivecoverage in four major parts: Part I: Applications provides a detailedintroduction to smart grid applications—spanning thetransmission, distribution, and consumer side of the electricitygrid Part II: Communications discusses wireless,wireline, and optical communication solutions—from thephysical layers up to sensing, automation, and control protocolsrunning on the application layers Part III: Security deals with cybersecurity—sharpening the awareness of security threats,reviewing the ongoing standardization, and outlining the future ofauthentication and encryption key management Part IV: Case Studies and Field Trials presentsself-contained chapters of studies where the smart grid of tomorrowhas already been put into practice With contributions from majorindustry stakeholders such as Siemens, Cisco, ABB, and Motorola,this is the ideal book for both engineering professionals andstudents.

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy

From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy
  • Author : Ersan Kabalci,Yasin Kabalci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-30
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780128197110
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Summary : From Smart Grid to Internet of Energy covers novel and emerging metering and monitoring technologies, communication systems, and technologies in smart grid areas to present a valuable reference for readers from various engineering backgrounds. Considering relevant topics on the essentials of smart grids and emerging wireless communication systems, such as IEEE 802.15.4 based novel technologies, cognitive radio networks and Internet of Energy, this book offers a discussion on the emerging trends and research direction for communication technologies. The book includes research concepts and visualization of smart grids and related communication technologies, making it a useful book for practicing network engineers. Includes global case studies and examples of communications systems integrated with smart grids Presents literature surveys for a wide variety of smart grids, wired and wireless communication technologies, big data, privacy and security Covers all aspects of IoE systems and discusses the differences between IoE and Smart Grids

Smart Grids

Smart Grids
  • Author : David Bakken
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-19
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9781482206111
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Summary : The utilization of sensors, communications, and computer technologies to create greater efficiency in the generation, transmission, distribution, and consumption of electricity will enable better management of the electric power system. As the use of smart grid technologies grows, utilities will be able to automate meter reading and billing and consumers will be more aware of their energy usage and the associated costs. The results will require utilities and their suppliers to develop new business models, strategies, and processes. With an emphasis on reducing costs and improving return on investment (ROI) for utilities, Smart Grids: Clouds, Communications, Open Source, and Automation explores the design and implementation of smart grid technologies, considering the benefits to consumers as well as businesses. Focusing on industrial applications, the text: Provides a state-of-the-art account of the smart grid Explains how smart grid technologies are currently being used Includes detailed examples and test cases for real-life implementation Discusses trade-offs associated with the utilization of smart grid technologies Describes smart grid simulation software and offers insight into the future of the smart grid The electric power grid is in the early stages of a sea of change. Nobody knows which business models will survive, but companies heeding the lessons found in Smart Grids: Clouds, Communications, Open Source, and Automation might just increase their chances for success.

Smart Grid Technology

Smart Grid Technology
  • Author : Sudip Misra,Samaresh Bera
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-12
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9781108475204
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Summary : Discusses concepts of smart grid technologies, from the perspective of integration with cloud computing and data management approaches.

Smart Grids

Smart Grids
  • Author : Stuart Borlase
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-22
  • Total pages :806
  • ISBN : 9781498799560
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Summary : The latest edition features a new chapter on implementation and operation of an integrated smart grid with updates to multiple chapters throughout the text. New sections on Internet of things, and how they relate to smart grids and smart cities, have also been added to the book. It describes the impetus for change in the electric utility industry and discusses the business drivers, benefits, and market outlook of the smart grid initiative. The book identifies the technical framework of enabling technologies and smart solutions and describes the role of technology developments and coordinated standards in smart grid, including various initiatives and organizations helping to drive the smart grid effort. With chapters written by leading experts in the field, the text explains how to plan, integrate, implement, and operate a smart grid.

Smart Grids

Smart Grids
  • Author : Stuart Borlase
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :607
  • ISBN : 9781439829103
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Summary : What exactly is smart grid? Why is it receiving so much attention? What are utilities, vendors, and regulators doing about it? Answering these questions and more, Smart Grids: Infrastructure, Technology, and Solutions gives readers a clearer understanding of the drivers and infrastructure of one of the most talked-about topics in the electric utility market—smart grid. This book brings together the knowledge and views of a vast array of experts and leaders in their respective fields. Key Features Describes the impetus for change in the electric utility industry Discusses the business drivers, benefits, and market outlook of the smart grid initiative Examines the technical framework of enabling technologies and smart solutions Identifies the role of technology developments and coordinated standards in smart grid, including various initiatives and organizations helping to drive the smart grid effort Presents both current technologies and forward-looking ideas on new technologies Discusses barriers and critical factors for a successful smart grid from a utility, regulatory, and consumer perspective Summarizes recent smart grid initiatives around the world Discusses the outlook of the drivers and technologies for the next-generation smart grid Smart grid is defined not in terms of what it is, but what it achieves and the benefits it brings to the utility, consumer, society, and environment. Exploring the current situation and future challenges, the book provides a global perspective on how the smart grid integrates twenty-first-century technology with the twentieth-century power grid. CRC Press Authors Speak Stuart Borlase speaks about his book. Watch the video

Application of Smart Grid Technologies

Application of Smart Grid Technologies
  • Author : Lisa Lamont,Ali Sayigh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-29
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 9780128031438
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Summary : Application of Smart Grid Technologies: Case Studies in Saving Electricity in Different Parts of the World provides a wide international view of smart grid technologies and their implementation in all regions of the globe. A brief overview of smart grid concepts and state-of-the art technologies is followed by sections that highlight smart grid experiences in Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe and Australasia. Chapters address select countries or sub-regions, presenting their local technological needs and specificities, status of smart grid implementation, technologies of choice, impacts on their electricity markets, and future trends. Similar chapter makes it easier to compare these experiences. In a time when the smart grid is becoming a worldwide reality, this book is ideal for professionals in power transmission and distribution companies, as well as students and researchers in the same field. It is also useful for those involved in energy management and policymaking. Presents the status and challenges of smart grid technologies and their implementation around the globe Includes global case studies written by local experts and organized for easy comparison Provides a brief overview of smart grid concepts and currently available technologies

Smart Grid Systems

Smart Grid Systems
  • Author : N. Ramesh Babu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-04
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9781351618113
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Summary : Electric power systems are being transformed from older grid systems to smart grids across the globe. The goals of this transition are to address today’s electric power issues, which include reducing carbon footprints, finding alternate sources of decaying fossil fuels, eradicating losses that occur in the current available systems, and introducing the latest information and communication technologies (ICT) for electric grids. The development of smart grid technology is advancing dramatically along with and in reaction to the continued growth of renewable energy technologies (especially wind and solar power), the growing popularity of electric vehicles, and the continuing huge demand for electricity. Smart Grid Systems: Modeling and Control advances the basic understanding of smart grids and focuses on recent technological advancements in the field. This book provides a comprehensive discussion from a number of experts and practitioners and describes the challenges and the future scope of the technologies related to smart grid. Key features: provides an overview of the smart grid, with its needs, benefits, challenges, existing structure, and possible future technologies discusses solar photovoltaic (PV) system modeling and control along with battery storage, an integral part of smart grids discusses control strategies for renewable energy systems, including solar PV, wind, and hybrid systems describes the inverter topologies adopted for integrating renewable power covers the basics of the energy storage system and the need for micro grids describes forecast techniques for renewable energy systems presents the basics and structure of the energy management system in smart grids, including advanced metering, various communication protocols, and the cyber security challenges explores electric vehicle technology and its interaction with smart grids

Smart Energy Grid Engineering

Smart Energy Grid Engineering
  • Author : Hossam Gabbar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-12
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780128092323
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Summary : Smart Energy Grid Engineering provides in-depth detail on the various important engineering challenges of smart energy grid design and operation by focusing on advanced methods and practices for designing different components and their integration within the grid. Governments around the world are investing heavily in smart energy grids to ensure optimum energy use and supply, enable better planning for outage responses and recovery, and facilitate the integration of heterogeneous technologies such as renewable energy systems, electrical vehicle networks, and smart homes around the grid. By looking at case studies and best practices that illustrate how to implement smart energy grid infrastructures and analyze the technical details involved in tackling emerging challenges, this valuable reference considers the important engineering aspects of design and implementation, energy generation, utilization and energy conservation, intelligent control and monitoring data analysis security, and asset integrity. Includes detailed support to integrate systems for smart grid infrastructures Features global case studies outlining design components and their integration within the grid Provides examples and best practices from industry that will assist in the migration to smart grids

Smart Grid Standards

Smart Grid Standards
  • Author : Takuro Sato,Daniel M. Kammen,Bin Duan,Martin Macuha,Zhenyu Zhou,Jun Wu,Muhammad Tariq,Solomon Abebe Asfaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-20
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9781118653692
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Summary : A fully comprehensive introduction to smart grid standards and their applications for developers, consumers and service providers The critical role of standards for smart grid has already been realized by world-wide governments and industrial organizations. There are hundreds of standards for Smart Grid which have been developed in parallel by different organizations. It is therefore necessary to arrange those standards in such a way that it is easier for readers to easily understand and select a particular standard according to their requirements without going into the depth of each standard, which often spans from hundreds to thousands of pages. The book will allow people in the smart grid areas and in the related industries to easily understand the fundamental standards of smart grid, and quickly find the building-block standards they need from hundreds of standards for implementing a smart grid system. The authors highlight the most advanced works and efforts now under way to realize an integrated and interoperable smart grid, such as the “NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Release 2.0”, the” IEC Smart Grid Standardization Roadmap”, the ISO/IEC’s “Smart Grid Standards for Residential Customers”, the ZigBee/HomePlug’s “Smart Energy Profile Specification 2.0”, IEEE’s P2030 “Draft Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-Use Applications and Loads”, and the latest joint research project results between the world’s two largest economies, US and China. The book enables readers to fully understand the latest achievements and ongoing technical works of smart grid standards, and assist industry utilities, vendors, academia, regulators, and other smart grid stakeholders in future decision making. The book begins with an overview of the smart grid, and introduces the opportunities in both developed and developing countries. It then examines the standards for power grid domain of the smart grid, including standards for blackout prevention and energy management, smart transmission, advanced distribution management and automation, smart substation automation, and condition monitoring. Communication and security standards as a whole are the backbone of smart grid and their standards, including those for wired and wireless communications, are then assessed. Finally the authors consider the standards and on-going work and efforts for interoperability and integration between different standards and networks, including the latest joint research effort between the world’s two largest economies, US and China. A fully comprehensive introduction to smart grid standards and their applications for developers, consumers and service providers Covers all up-to-date standards of smart grid, including the key standards from NIST, IEC, ISO ZigBee, IEEE, HomePlug, SAE, and other international and regional standardization organizations. The Appendix summarizes all of the standards mentioned in the book Presents standards for renewable energy and smart generation, covering wind energy, solar voltaic, fuel cells, pumped storage, distributed generation, and nuclear generation standards. Standards for other alternative sources of energy such as geothermal energy, and bioenergy are briefly introduced Introduces the standards for smart storage and plug-in electric vehicles, including standards for distributed energy resources (DER), electric storage, and E-mobility/plug-in vehicles The book is written in an accessible style, ideal as an introduction to the topic, yet contains sufficient detail and research to appeal to the more advanced and specialist reader.

New Technologies for Smart Grid Operation

New Technologies for Smart Grid Operation
  • Author : Sio T. Mak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04
  • Total pages :107
  • ISBN : 0750311592
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Summary :

Energy Storage for Smart Grids

Energy Storage for Smart Grids
  • Author : Pengwei Du,Ning Lu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-18
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9780124095434
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Summary : Energy storage is a main component of any holistic consideration of smart grids, particularly when incorporating power derived from variable, distributed and renewable energy resources. Energy Storage for Smart Grids delves into detailed coverage of the entire spectrum of available and emerging storage technologies, presented in the context of economic and practical considerations. Featuring the latest research findings from the world’s foremost energy storage experts, complete with data analysis, field tests, and simulation results, this book helps device manufacturers develop robust business cases for the inclusion of storage in grid applications. It also provides the comparisons and explanations grid planners and operators need to make informed decisions about which storage solutions will be most successful when implemented in operational grids. Connects the latest research findings in energy storage with strategies for economical and practical implementation in grid systems Brings together diverse knowledge resources in one comprehensive volume covering all major storage technologies, explained by experts from the world's leading research institutions Includes detailed data analysis from field tests and simulations to help planners and engineers choose the storage method that will add the most value to their grid operations

Smart Grids

Smart Grids
  • Author : A B M Shawkat Ali
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-16
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9781447152101
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Summary : A Smart Grid delivers renewable energy as a main source of electricity from producers to consumers using two-way monitoring through Smart Meter technology that can remotely control consumer electricity use. This can help to storage excess energy; reduce costs, increase reliability and transparency, and make processes more efficiently. Smart Grids: Opportunities, Developments, and Trends discusses advances in Smart Grid in today’s dynamic and rapid growing global economical and technological environments. Current development in the field are systematically explored with an introduction, detailed discussion and an experimental demonstration. Each chapter also includes the future scope and ongoing research for each topic. Smart Grids: Opportunities, Developments, and Trends provides up to date knowledge, research results, and innovations in Smart Grids spanning design, implementation, analysis and evaluation of Smart Grid solutions to the challenging problems in all areas of power industry. Providing a solid foundation for graduate and postgraduate students, this thorough approach also makes Smart Grids: Opportunities, Developments, and Trends a useful resource and hand book for researchers and practitioners in Smart Grid research. It can also act as a guide to Smart Grids for industry professionals and engineers from different fields working with Smart Grids.

Blockchain-Based Smart Grids

Blockchain-Based Smart Grids
  • Author : Miadreza Shafie-khah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9780128178621
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Summary : Blockchain-Based Smart Grids presents emerging applications of blockchain in electrical system and looks to future developments in the use of blockchain technology in the energy market. Rapid growth of renewable energy resources in power systems and significant developments in the telecommunication systems has resulted in new market designs being employed to cover unpredictable and distributed generation of electricity. This book considers the marriage of blockchain and grid modernization, and discusses the transaction shifts in smart grids, from centralized to peer-to-peer structures. In addition, it addresses the effective application of these structures to speed up processes, resulting in more flexible electricity systems. Aimed at moving towards blockchain-based smart grids with renewable applications, this book is useful to researchers and practitioners in all sectors of smart grids, including renewable energy providers, manufacturers and professionals involved in electricity generation from renewable sources, grid modernization and smart grid applications.

Smart Grids

Smart Grids
  • Author : Bernd M. Buchholz,Zbigniew A. Styczynski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-23
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9783662609309
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Summary : Nowadays, Smart Grid has become an established synonym for modern electric power systems. Electric networks are fed less and less by large, centrally planned fossil and nuclear power plants but more and more by millions of smaller, renewable and mostly weather-dependent generation units. A secure energy supply in such a sustainable and ecological system requires a completely different approach for planning, equipping and operating the electric power systems of the future, especially by using flexibility provisions of the network users according to the Smart Grid concept. The book brings together common themes beginning with Smart Grids and the characteristics of power plants based on renewable energy with highly efficient generation principles and storage capabilities. It covers the advanced technologies applied today in the transmission and distribution networks and innovative solutions for maintaining today’s high power quality under the challenging conditions of large-scale shares of volatile renewable energy sources in the annual energy balance. Besides considering the new primary and secondary technology solutions and control facilities for the transmission and distribution networks, prospective market conditions allowing network operators and the network users to gain benefits are also discussed. The growing role of information and communication technologies is investigated. The importance of new standards is underlined and the current international efforts in developing a consistent set of standards are updated in the second edition and described in detail. The updated presentation of international experiences to apply novel Smart Grid solutions to the practice of network operation concludes this book.