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Applied Coal Petrology

Applied Coal Petrology
  • Author : Isabel Suárez-Ruiz,John C. Crelling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-09
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 0080951546
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Summary : This book is an integrated approach towards the applications of coal (organic) petrology and discusses the role of this science in the field of coal and coal-related topics. Coal petrology needs to be seen as a continuum of organic (macerals) and inorganic (minerals and trace elements) contributions to the total coal structure, with the overprint of coal rank. All this influences the behavior of coal in utilization, the coal by-products, the properties of coal as a reservoir for methane or a sequestration site for carbon dioxide, and the relationships of coal utilization with health and environmental issues. The interaction of coal properties and coal utilization begins at the mine face. The breakage of the coal in mining influences its subsequent beneficiation. Beneficiation is fundamental to the proper combustion of coal and is vital to the preparation of the feedstock for the production of metallurgical coke. An understanding of basic coal properties is important for achieving reductions in trace element emissions and improving the efficiency of combustion and combined-cycle gasification. The production of methane from coal beds is related to the properties of the in situ coal. Similarly, coal bed sequestration of carbon dioxide produced from combustion is dependent on the reservoir properties. Environmental problems accompany coal on its way from the mine to the point of utilization and beyond. Health aspects related with coal mining and coal utilization are also included because, in planning for coal use, it is impossible to separate environmental and health issues from the discussion of coal utilization. The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from researchers, lecturers and students to professionals in industry and discusses issues (such as the environmental, and health) that are of concern to the general public as a whole. This book focuses on the applications of coal (organic) petrology to our modern society It is an integrated approach to help the reader appreciate the importance of coal quality and coal utilization. Coal composition (macerals, mineral, trace elements) and the overprint of coal rank are treated together The book synthesises all the possibilities of the organic petrology as a tool for coal utilization in conventional applications (mining and beneficiation, coal combustion, gasification, liquefaction, carbonization), as a precursor of carbon materials and as a petroleum source and reservoir rock The role of applied petrology in the characterization of solid by-products from coal utilization is also discussed In addition, this book describes the present status of environmental and health problems linked to coal utilization and the ways in which such problems might be overcome in the future

Stach's Textbook of Coal Petrology

Stach's Textbook of Coal Petrology
  • Author : Erich Stach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4125525
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Summary :

Principles and Applications of Coal Petrology

Principles and Applications of Coal Petrology
  • Author : John C. Crelling,Russell R. Dutcher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1980
  • Total pages :127
  • ISBN : OCLC:312507982
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Summary :

New Trends in Coal Conversion

New Trends in Coal Conversion
  • Author : Isabel Suarez-Ruiz,Fernando Rubiera,Maria Antonia Diez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-30
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9780081022023
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Summary : New Trends in Coal Conversion: Combustion, Gasification, Emissions, and Coking covers the latest advancements in coal utilization, including coal conversion processes and mitigation of environmental impacts, providing an up-to-date source of information for a cleaner and more environmentally friendly use of coal, with a particular emphasis on the two biggest users of coal—utilities and the steel industry. Coverage includes recent advances in combustion co-firing, gasification, and on the minimization of trace element and CO2 emissions that is ideal for plant engineers, researchers, and quality control engineers in electric utilities and steelmaking. Other sections cover new advances in clean coal technologies for the steel industry, technological advances in conventional by-products, the heat-recovery/non-recovering cokemaking process, and the increasing use of low-quality coals in coking blends. Readers will learn how to make more effective use of coal resources, deliver higher productivity, save energy and reduce the environmental impact of their coal utilization. Provides the current state-of-the-art and ongoing activities within coal conversion processes, with an emphasis on emerging technologies for the reduction of CO2 and trace elements Discusses innovations in cokemaking for improved efficiency, energy savings and reduced environmental impact Include case studies and examples throughout the book

The Role of Organic Petrology in the Exploration of Conventional and Unconventional Hydrocarbon Systems

The Role of Organic Petrology in the Exploration of Conventional and Unconventional Hydrocarbon Systems
  • Author : Isabel Suárez-Ruiz,João Graciano Mendonça Filho
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-03
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9781681084633
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Summary : Organic petrology is a discipline of geology which integrates multidisciplinary approaches for the exploration and evaluation of fossil fuel resources by conventional and unconventional procedures. Organic petrology has brought forth new, powerful analytical tools for the characterization of geological hydrocarbon systems, thus providing information where previous analytical techniques prove to be less effective. The reference provides a broad, comprehensive source of information about the application of organic petrology in the investigation of geological formations related with the production and accumulation of oil and gas. Eleven chapters cover a variety of topics (kerogens, dispersed organic matter systems, sedimentary organic matter systems, oil and gas shales, etc.). Additional information in chapters referring to examples in specific geographical locations provides a global perspective of hydrocarbon exploration. The book is an introductory reference for all scholars involved in applied organic petrology of hydrocarbon systems including graduate and undergraduate geology students, engineers and lab technicians. [Series intro] Geology: Current and Future Developments is a book series that brings together the latest contributions to geological research. Each volume features chapters contributed by academic scholars / professional experts from around the world. The scope of the book series includes (but is not limited to) topics such as plate tectonics, climate science, hydrocarbon exploration, mineral exploration, and environmental science. This series is intended as a useful compendium of scholarly reference material for geology students and professionals.

Fuels and Fuel Technology

Fuels and Fuel Technology
  • Author : Wilfrid Francis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-22
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9781483182261
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Summary : Fuels and Fuel Technology, Volume One: A Summarized Manual provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of fuels and fuel technology. This book presents a reasonably accurate summary of the existing knowledge and literature relating to fuel technology. Organized into two sections encompassing 72 data sheets, this volume begins with an overview of fuels as organic combustible substances used mainly or solely for the production of useful heat that are divided into three classes, namely, solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels. This text then examines the main chemical components of wood. This book discusses as well the commercial production of peat. The final section deals with the calculations of theoretical and actual air requirements, dry and wet flue gases, and carbon dioxide in flue gases. This book is a valuable resource for chemists and fuel technologists. Students who are interested to obtain a qualification in the subject of fuels or fuel technology will also find this book useful.

Economic and Applied Geology

Economic and Applied Geology
  • Author : W.G. Shackleton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-27
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780429558184
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Summary : This book, first published in 1986, is an excellent introduction to the main topics of economic and applied geology for undergraduate students of geology, geophysics, mining geology and civil engineering.

Environmental Geochemistry

Environmental Geochemistry
  • Author : Benedetto DeVivo,Harvey Belkin,Annamaria Lima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-18
  • Total pages :644
  • ISBN : 9780444640079
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Summary : Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories, Second Edition, reviews the role of geochemistry in the environment and details state-of-the-art applications of these principles in the field, specifically in pollution and remediation situations. Chapters cover both philosophy and procedures, as well as applications, in an array of issues in environmental geochemistry including health problems related to environment pollution, waste disposal and data base management. This updated edition also includes illustrations of specific case histories of site characterization and remediation of brownfield sites. Covers numerous global case studies allowing readers to see principles in action Explores the environmental impacts on soils, water and air in terms of both inorganic and organic geochemistry Written by a well-respected author team, with over 100 years of experience combined Includes updated content on: urban geochemical mapping, chemical speciation, characterizing a brownsfield site and the relationship between heavy metal distributions and cancer mortality

Sedimentology of Coal and Coal-Bearing Sequences

Sedimentology of Coal and Coal-Bearing Sequences
  • Author : R. A. Rahmani,R. M. Flores
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-15
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781444303803
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Summary : The recent increase in the search for coal has initiated a dramatic growth in sedimentological research on the origin, formation and environment of coal deposition. This publication is concerned with perhaps the most important field of coal research, that of coal environments. This subject involves many interrelated disciplines, including the sedimentology, petrology, geochemistry, palaeobotany and palaeogeography of coal deposits. In the past, workers in these fields have operated independently, and only recently have their research efforts been integrated to provide a more comprehensive understanding of coal depositional environments.

Encyclopedia of Mineral and Energy Policy

Encyclopedia of Mineral and Energy Policy
  • Author : Günter Tiess,Tapan Majumder,Peter Cameron
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 3642408710
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Summary :

Atomic Absorption Spectrometry In Geology

Atomic Absorption Spectrometry In Geology
  • Author : Ernest Angino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :201
  • ISBN : 9780444601889
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Summary : Atomic Absorption Spectrometry in Geology, Second Edition, aims to introduce geologists to the basic simplicity and applicability of atomic absorption spectrometry as it relates to geologic problems; to provide a summary of applications of atomic absorption to geology that are at scattered throughout the literature; and to encourage the accelerated application of atomic absorption spectrometry to geological problems. The book is organized into two parts. The first part, ""Theory and instrumentation,"" explains the theory of atomic absorption spectrophotometry; the operation of the atomic absorption spectrophotometer; and the types of interferences in atomic absorption spectrometry. The second part, ""Methods and applications,"" deals with applications of the atomic absorption method, including detection of the metal content of natural waters; metallic content of ores; and the analysis of trace elements in rocks and minerals. Also discussed are applications of the atomic absorption method in marine geochemistry and for isotopic abundance studies. The book includes some Appendices to the First Edition.

Coal-Bearing Depositional Systems

Coal-Bearing Depositional Systems
  • Author : Claus F.K. Diessel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :721
  • ISBN : 9783642756689
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Summary : The author presents examples of coal deposits two different continents: from the European Carboniferous and the Permian Gondwana sequence of Australia. The organic and petrographic composition of the coal content of palaeo-environmentally well defined groups of sediments allow the discrimination of two coal facies indices as suitable indicators for distinct settings. Combining the analytical methods of coal petrography, sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy an integrated view of coal formation is attained.

Social Terrains of Mine Closure in the Philippines

Social Terrains of Mine Closure in the Philippines
  • Author : Minerva Chaloping March
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-23
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9781351709583
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Summary : The current discourse on mine closure is informed predominantly by industry and corporate perspectives and predicated by experiences of mainly mining companies that are based in developed countries where necessary planning frameworks and regulatory requirements are well-established. Mine closure planning, well promoted and accepted as good business practice in the global minerals industry, has been primarily technical and precautionary both in approach and focus. Planning, modelling and monitoring strategies incorporate comprehensive and detailed elements such as properties inherent in landforms, climate, geology, flora and fauna, among others. However, locality-based concerns that revolve around resource access and tenure, rights and entitlements tied to locality and indigeneity, labour recruitment, and other non-bio-physical elements are hardly examined. Any mine closure program that omits these elements is deficient and therefore ineffective. Social Terrains of Mine Closure in the Philippines, based on ethnographic research and archival materials, presents the varying experiences of three mines to demonstrate that the mine closure process is an intense locus for competition and compromises among various social actors. This book offers key messages for understanding the complex socio-cultural, economic, political, and business realities that make up the social terrains of mine closure, and will be of great interest to students and researchers in development studies, community development, business studies, anthropology, and sociology. It will also appeal to those working in the global minerals sectors and NGOs that engage in development work and advocacy for responsible mining.

Stach's Textbook of Coal Petrology

Stach's Textbook of Coal Petrology
  • Author : Erich Stach,Duncan Murchison,M. T. Mackowsky,M. Teichmueller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :535
  • ISBN : 3443010180
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Summary : Coal petrology has undergone extremely rapid development since the appearance of the Second Edition of the "Textbook of Coal Petrology" in 1975. The advances have been not only in the techniques and methods used but also in applications to geological and industrial problems. The surprisingly rapid depletion of all available stocks of the Second Edition can be attributed, among other things, to the fact that those now keenly interested in the techniques and results of coal petrology include not only coal scientists but also geologists, geophysicists and petrologists in neighbouring fields. Much new information has become available on matters relating to coal facies and the origin of macerals as a result of studies on North American peat occurrences and of fluorescence microscopy of coals and oil shales. As with petroleum research, some of the most significant advances have come from the integration of coal petrographic and organic geochemical studies. Computers have led to technical advances in maceral analysis, reflectance measurement and the characterization of fluorescence spectra. Reflected light fluorescence microscopy has been notably productive of new results for both coals and petroleum source rocks. It is for this reason that the Third Edition of the "Textbook" includes two colour plates to illustrate fluorescence. Microscopic techniques for the determination of rank have been of special value since measurements of vitrinite reflectance in different rocks are applied to the assessment of the degree of diagenesis and metamorphism, to unravelling the tectonic history of sedimentary basins and to estimating palaeogeothermal gradients. In petroleum geology the reflectance of vitrinite is now widely accepted as the best measure of maturity of source rocks. The use of fluorescence microscopy has become indispensable to the petroleum industry because it enables oil-generating macerals to be recognized and their abundance estimated. "Coal petrology" in a narrow sense has given way to the much broader pursuit of "organic petrology". Coal petrographic studies now provide insights into the process of carbonization and liquefaction. The formation of coke has been shown to be influenced (amongst other things) by the way in which the reactive macerals and inertinite are associated with each other in the coal. Comparative studies of maceral composition and rank with those of the relevant hydrogenation residues enable conversion rates and efficiencies to be assessed for the various coals. Numerous additions (109 pages with 5 plates, 2 of which coloured, 45 figures and 10 tables) to the previous second edition appear after the original relevant sections. New references will be found separately at the end of the previous literature section.

Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism

Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism
  • Author : Benedetto De Vivo,Harvey E. Belkin,Giuseppe Rolandi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-11
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780128175187
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Summary : Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism communicates the state-of-the-art scientific knowledge on past and active volcanism in an area characterized by elevated risk due to high-density population. Eruptions, lahars and poisonous gas clouds have killed many thousands of people over recorded history, but volcanoes have given people some of the most fertile soil known in agriculture. The research presented in this book is useful for policymakers and researchers from these and other countries who are looking for risk assessment and volcanic evolution models they can apply to similar situations around the world. Naples and its surrounding area, in particular, the area situated between Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei volcanic area has a population in excess of 4 million people. The volcanic areas that have similarly large populations in proximity to dormant, but hazardous volcanoes, i.e., Indonesia and Central America can also benefit from this work. Covers the fundamental science of volcanoes, including new developments in the last decade relating to the use of crystals and melt inclusions to model the nature and evolution of volatiles Includes the latest research on volcanism in Southern Italy that is presented as a case study for active and inactive volcanoes across the globe Presents research that is applicable around the world, for people, scientists and policymakers living on, or near, active volcanoes

Contributions to Mineralization

Contributions to Mineralization
  • Author : Ali Al-Juboury
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-24
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9789535137481
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Summary : Contributions to Mineralization provide some new aspects on economically important mineral deposits from various locations in Asia, Africa, and Europe in terms of their genesis, geochemical, and age considerations. Mining industry and mineral engineering issues are also discussed in the book through some new statistical approaches and economic aspects. The book represents a useful guide for specialists in the fields of mineralogy, economic geology, mining engineering, environmental impacts, and mining industry.

Sedimentary Petrology

Sedimentary Petrology
  • Author : Maurice E. Tucker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-22
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9781118698907
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Summary : The earlier editions of this book have been used by successivegenerations of students for more than 20 years, and it is thestandard text on the subject in most British universities and manyothers throughout the world. The study of sediments and sedimentary rocks continues to be acore topic in the Earth Sciences and this book aims to provide aconcise account of their composition, mineralogy, textures,structures, diagenesis and depositional environments. This latest edition is noteworthy for the inclusion of 16 plateswith 54 colour photomicrographs of sedimentary rocks inthin-section. These bring sediments to life and show their beautyand colorful appearance down the microscope; they will aid thestudent enormously in laboratory petrographic work. The text hasbeen revised where necessary and the reference and further readinglists brought up-to-date. New tables have been included to helpundergraduates with rock and thin-section description andinterpretation. New 16-page colour section will mean students do not need tobuy Longman Atlas All illustrations redrawn to higher standard Complete revision of text - new material on sedimentarygeochemistry, etc

Geology of Coal Deposits of South Limburg, The Netherlands

Geology of Coal Deposits of South Limburg, The Netherlands
  • Author : J.H.L. Voncken
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-17
  • Total pages :78
  • ISBN : 9783030182861
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Summary : This book offers an up-to-date overview of the coal deposits of South Limburg (Netherlands), the Aachen area (Germany), and the Campine area (Belgium). Although the amount of available literature on these coal deposits is quite vast, the majority of the texts date back to the mid-twentieth century, and most publications focus more on the stratigraphy of the coal layers and the rank of the coal. Moreover, the concept of continental drift is largely ignored in these publications. In addition to providing updated information, this book also discusses coal mining in these regions; the formation and petrography of coal; and the geological evolution of Western Europe/the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium. In order to explain the tropical nature of the flora in the Carboniferous period, paleogeographic aspects are also taken into account.

69th Annual Meeting of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology

69th Annual Meeting of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology
  • Author : International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 3510492390
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Summary :

Organic Metamorphism and Geothermal History

Organic Metamorphism and Geothermal History
  • Author : Paul Robert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-12-31
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9027725012
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Summary : The optical studies of fossil organic matter in reflected light have made great progress in recent decades with the development of coal petrology, completed around the end of the 1970s by fluorescence examination. As they are complementary to the studies in transmitted light (palynology) and organic geochemistry developed for petroleum exploration purposes, they have become a much used tool in the recognition of sedimentary thermal transformations. For more than fifteen years within the Elf-Aquitaine Group, these studies have been applied in their various aspects to furnish a better geological understanding of basins during exploration. They have enabled us to define liquid and gas hydrocarbon domains which they differentiate and have also enabled a better characterization of sedimentary environments. Perhaps the most unexpected result of these studies has been to reconstruct the thermal history of the basins. Unforeseen but promising, when deduced from the thermicity of the sedimentary cover, the crust thermicity forms a determining link-element between the deep tectonics and the basin formation. Over the last ten years, the significance of this theme of research has been reinforced thanks to the impressive development of geodynamic studies following the general change in ideas brought about by plate tectonics. The present-day geothermal studies, conducted simultaneously in the oceanic and continental domains, have provided it with an argumentation and richer references.

Mining in Latin America

Mining in Latin America
  • Author : Kalowatie Deonandan,Michael L. Dougherty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-15
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781317414506
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Summary : The last two decades have witnessed a dramatic expansion and intensification of mineral resource exploitation and development across the global south, especially in Latin America. This shift has brought mining more visibly into global public debates and spurred a great deal of controversy and conflict. This volume assembles new scholarship that provides critical perspectives on these issues. The book marshals original, empirical work from leading social scientists in a variety of disciplines to address a range of questions about the practices of mining companies on the ground, the impacts of mining on host communities, and the responses to mining from communities, civil society and states. The book further explores the global and international causes, consequences and innovations of this new era of mining activity in Latin America. Key issues include the role of Canadian mining companies and their investment in the region, and, to a lesser extent, the role of Chinese mining capital. Several chapters take a regional perspective, while others are based on empirical data from specific countries including Bolivia, Brazil, El Salvador, Guatemala and Peru.