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The Archimedes Palimpsest

The Archimedes Palimpsest
  • Author : Reviel Netz,William Noel,Nigel Wilson,Natalie Tchernetska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-24
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 1107014379
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Summary : The Archimedes Palimpsest is the name given to a Byzantine prayer-book which was written over a number of earlier manuscripts. This volume provides colour images and transcriptions of three of the texts recovered from it. Pride of place goes to the treatises of Archimedes, including the only Greek version of Floating Bodies, and the unique copies of Method and Stomachion. This transcription provides many different readings from those made by Heiberg from what he termed Codex C in his edition of the works of Archimedes of 1910-1915. Secondly, fragments of two previously unattested speeches by the Athenian orator Hyperides, which are the only Hyperides texts ever to have been found in a codex. Thirdly, a fragment from an otherwise unknown commentary on Aristotle's Categories. In each case advanced image-processing techniques have been used to create the images, in order to make the text underneath legible.

Archimedes in the 21st Century

Archimedes in the 21st Century
  • Author : Chris Rorres
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-26
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9783319580593
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Summary : ​This book is a collection of papers presented at the “Archimedes in the 21st Century” world conference, held at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences in 2013. This conference focused on the enduring and continuing influence of Archimedes in our modern world, celebrating his centuries of influence on mathematics, science, and engineering. Archimedes planted the seeds for a myriad of seminal ideas that would grow over the ages. Each chapter surveys the growth of one or more of these seeds, and the fruit that they continue to bear to this day. The conference speakers contributing to this book are actively involved in STEM fields whose origins trace back to Archimedes, many of whom have conducted and published research that extends Archimedes’ work into the 21st century. The speakers are not historians, so while historical context is provided, this book is uniquely focused on the works themselves as opposed to their history. The breadth and depth of Archimedes’ influence will inspire, delight, and even surprise readers from a variety of fields and interests including historians, mathematicians, scientists, and engineers. Only a modest background in math is required to read this book, making it accessible to curious readers of all ages.

The Social Integration of Science

The Social Integration of Science
  • Author : Gotthard Bechmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9783894049423
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Summary :

The Works of Archimedes

The Works of Archimedes
  • Author : Archimedes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1897
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : UOM:39015065510326
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Summary : Introduction: I. Archimedes. II. Manuscripts and principal editions, order of composition, dialect, lost works. III. Relation of Archimedes to his predecessors. IV. Arithmetic in Archimedes. V. On the problems known as [neuseis] VI. Cubic equations. VII. Anticipations by Archimedes of the integral calculus. VIII. The terminology of Archimedes -- Works: On the sphere and cylinder, books I-II. Measurement of a circle. On conoids and spheroids. On spirals. On the equilibrium of planes, books I-II. The sand-reckoner. Quadrature of the parabola. On floating bodies, books I-II. Book of lemmas. The cattle-problem [including the solution of Wurm's problem by Amthor in Zeitschrift für math. u. phys. [Hist. litt. abth.] v. 25, 1880].

The Genius of Archimedes -- 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics, Science and Engineering

The Genius of Archimedes -- 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics, Science and Engineering
  • Author : S. A. Paipetis,Marco Ceccarelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-25
  • Total pages :515
  • ISBN : 9048190916
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Summary : Archimedes is held in high esteem by mathematicians, physicists and engineers as one of the most brilliant scientists of all time. These proceedings contain original, unpublished papers with the primary emphasis on the scientific work of Archimedes and his influence on the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. There are also papers dealing with archaeological aspects and the myths and legends about Archimedes and about the Archimedes Palimpsest. Papers on the following subjects form part of the book: Hydrostatics (buoyancy, fluid pressure and density, stability of floating bodies); Mechanics (levers, pulleys, centers of gravity, laws of equilibrium); Pycnometry (measurement of volume and density); Integral Calculus (Archimedes as the father of the integral calculus, method of exhaustion, approximation of pi, determination of areas and volumes); Mathematical Physics (Archimedes as the father of mathematical physics, Law of the Lever, Law of Buoyancy, Axiomatization of Physics); History of Mathematics and Mechanics (Archimedes’ influence in antiquity, the middle ages, the Renaissance, and modern times; his influence on Leonado da Vinci, Galileo, Newton, and other giants of science and mathematics); Ancient Machines and Mechanisms (catapults, water screws, iron hands, compound pulleys, planetaria, water clocks, celestial globes, the Antikythera Mechanism); Archimedean Solids (their rediscovery in the Rennaisance and their applications in materials science and chemistry); Archimedean Legends (how stories of golden crowns, eureka moments, naked runs, burning mirrors, steam cannons, etc., have influenced us through the ages, whether true or not); The Cattle Problem (how its 18th century rediscovery inspired the study of equations with integer solutions); Teaching the Ideas of Archimedes (how his life and works have influenced the teaching of science, mathematics, and engineering).

The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage

The Metallurgy of Roman Silver Coinage
  • Author : Kevin Butcher,Matthew Ponting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-02
  • Total pages :830
  • ISBN : 9781107027121
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Summary : "The fineness of Roman imperial and provincial coinage has been regarded as an indicator of the broader fiscal health of the Roman Empire, with the apparent gradual decline of the silver content being treated as evidence for worsening deficits and the contraction of the supply of natural resources from which the coins were made. This book explores the composition of Roman silver coinage of the first century AD, re-examining traditional interpretations in the light of an entirely new programme of analysesof the coins, which illustrates the inadequacy of many earlier analytical projects. In addition, minor and trace elements, and lead isotopes, provide evidence for the supply of materials and refining and minting technology. Sometimes this allows us to determine the origin of the metal, whether freshly mined, or recycled. It can even pinpoint likely episodes of recycling old coins and, when combined with the study of hoards, hint at possible strategies of stockpiling of metal. The creation of reserves hasa direct bearing on the question of the adequacy of revenues and fiscal health"--

The Archimedes Codex

The Archimedes Codex
  • Author : Reviel Netz,William Noel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-13
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781780221984
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Summary : The story of the amazing discovery of Archimedes' lost works Drawings and writings by Archimedes, previously thought to have been destroyed, have been uncovered beneath the pages of a 13th-century monk's prayer book. These hidden texts, slowly being retrieved and deciphered by scientists, show that Archimedes' thinking (2,200 years ago) was even ahead of Isaac Newton in the 17th century. Archimedes discovered the value of Pi, he developed the theory of specific gravity and made steps towards the development of calculus. Everything we know about him comes from three manuscripts, two of which have disappeared. The third, currently in the Walters Art Museum, is a palimpsest - the text has been scraped off, the book taken apart and its parchment re-used, in this case as a prayer book. William Noel, the project director, and Reviel Netz, a historian of ancient mathematics, tell the enthralling story of the survival of that prayer book from 1229 to the present, and examine the process of recovering the invaluable text underneath as well as investigating into why that text is so important.

Discourse on Bodies in Water

Discourse on Bodies in Water
  • Author : Galileo Galilei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04
  • Total pages :116
  • ISBN : 1258667347
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Summary :

An Introduction to Dynamical Systems

An Introduction to Dynamical Systems
  • Author : D. K. Arrowsmith,C. M. Place,C. H. Place,Arrowsmith/Place
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-07-27
  • Total pages :423
  • ISBN : 0521316502
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Summary : Largely self-contained, this is an introduction to the mathematical structures underlying models of systems whose state changes with time, and which therefore may exhibit "chaotic behavior." The first portion of the book is based on lectures given at the University of London and covers the background to dynamical systems, the fundamental properties of such systems, the local bifurcation theory of flows and diffeomorphisms and the logistic map and area-preserving planar maps. The authors then go on to consider current research in this field such as the perturbation of area-preserving maps of the plane and the cylinder. The text contains many worked examples and exercises, many with hints. It will be a valuable first textbook for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students of mathematics, physics, and engineering.

Archimedes

Archimedes
  • Author : Sherman Stein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-09-02
  • Total pages :155
  • ISBN : 0883857189
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Summary : This book looks carefully at Archimedes' fundamental advances in the fields of geometry, mechanics, and hydrostatics.

Dynamics and Bifurcations

Dynamics and Bifurcations
  • Author : Jack K. Hale,Hüseyin Kocak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9781461244264
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Summary : In recent years, due primarily to the proliferation of computers, dynamical systems has again returned to its roots in applications. It is the aim of this book to provide undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematics or science and engineering with a modest foundation of knowledge. Equations in dimensions one and two constitute the majority of the text, and in particular it is demonstrated that the basic notion of stability and bifurcations of vector fields are easily explained for scalar autonomous equations. Further, the authors investigate the dynamics of planar autonomous equations where new dynamical behavior, such as periodic and homoclinic orbits appears.

Archimedes, the Center of Gravity, and the First Law of Mechanics

Archimedes, the Center of Gravity, and the First Law of Mechanics
  • Author : André Koch Torres Assis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :187
  • ISBN : 0973291168
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Summary : Archimedes, the Center of Gravity, and the First Law of Mechanics deals with the most fundamental aspects of physics. The book describes the main events in the life of Archimedes and the content of his works. It goes on to discuss a large number of experiments relating to the equilibrium of suspended bodies under the influence of Earth's gravitational force. All experiments are clearly described and performed with simple, inexpensive materials. These experiments lead to a clear conceptual definition of the center of gravity of material bodies and illustrate practical procedures for locating it precisely. The conditions of stable, neutral, and unstable equilibrium are analyzed. Many equilibrium toys and games are described and explained. Historical aspects of the concept are presented, together with the theoretical values of center of gravity obtained by Archimedes. The book also explains how to build and calibrate precise balances and levers. Several experiments are performed leading to a mathematical definition of the center of gravity and the first law of mechanics, also called the law of the lever. Consequences of this law and different explanations of it are described at the end of the book, together with an exhaustive analysis of the works of Euclid and Archimedes.

Archimedis Opera omnia

Archimedis Opera omnia
  • Author : Archimedes,J.L. Heiberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1880
  • Total pages :499
  • ISBN : 9785873234820
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Summary :

Archimedes in the Middle Ages

Archimedes in the Middle Ages
  • Author : Archimedes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1964
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015017283501
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Summary :

Archimedes

Archimedes
  • Author : Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-14
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9781400858613
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Summary : This classic study by the eminent Dutch historian of science E. J. Dijksterhuis (1892-1965) presents the work of the Greek mathematician and mechanical engineer to the modern reader. With meticulous scholarship, Dijksterhuis surveys the whole range of evidence on Archimedes' life and the 2000-year history of the manuscripts and editions of the text, and then undertakes a comprehensive examination of all the extant writings. Originally published in 1987. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables

Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables
  • Author : M. Kemal Atesmen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-14
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781119524786
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Summary : Covers a wide range of practical fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer problems This book covers the many issues that occur in practical fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer, and examines the basic laws (the conservation of matter, conservation of momentum, conservation of energy, and the second law of thermodynamics) of these areas. It offers problem solutions that start with simplifying engineering assumptions and then identifies the governing equations and dependent and independent variables. When solutions to basic equations are not possible, the book utilizes historical experimental studies. It also looks at determining appropriate thermo-physical properties of the fluid under investigation, and covers solutions to governing equations with experimental studies. Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables offers chapters on: draining fluid from a tank; vertical rise of a weather balloon; wind drag forces on people; Venturi meter; fluid’s surface shape in a rotating cylindrical tank; range of an aircraft; designing a water clock; water turbine under a dam; centrifugal separation of particles; ideal gas flow in nozzles and diffusers; water supply from a lake to a factory; convection mass transfer through air-water interface; heating a room by natural convection; condensation on the surface of a vertical plate in laminar flow regime; bubble rise in a glass of beer; and more. Covers a broad spectrum of problems in practical fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer Examines the basic laws of fluid mechanics, heat transfer and mass transfer Presents solutions to governing equations with experimental studies Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables will appeal to engineers working in thermo-physical sciences and graduate students in mechanical engineering.

What Floats? What Sinks?

What Floats? What Sinks?
  • Author : Jennifer Boothroyd
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-01
  • Total pages :32
  • ISBN : 0761362967
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Summary : A rock sinks in the water. A hot air balloon floats in the air. Many objects float and sink. But what makes them move this way? And how do people use floating and sinking in their lives? Read this book to find out! Learn all about matter, energy, and forces in the Exploring Physical Science series—part of the Lightning Bolt Books™ collection. With high-energy designs, exciting photos, and fun text, Lightning Bolt Books™ bring nonfiction topics to life!

Risk-Based Ship Design

Risk-Based Ship Design
  • Author : Apostolos Papanikolaou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-09
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9783540890423
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Summary : Risk-based ship design is a new scientific and engineering field of growing interest to researchers, engineers and professionals from various disciplines related to ship design, construction, operation and regulation. The main motivation to use risk-based approaches is twofold: implement a novel ship design which is considered safe but - for some formal, regulatory reason - cannot be approved today and/or rationally optimize an existing design with respect to safety, without compromising on efficiency and performance. It is a clear direction that all future technological and regulatory (International Maritime Organisation) developments regarding ship design and operation will go through risk-based procedures, which are known and well established in other industries (e.g. nuclear, aviation). The present book derives from the knowledge gained in the course of the project SAFEDOR (Design, Operation and Regulation for Safety), an Integrated Project under the 6th framework programme of the European Commission (IP 516278). The book aims to provide an understanding of the fundamentals and details of the integration of risk-based approaches into the ship design process. The book facilitates the transfer of knowledge from recent research work to the wider maritime community and advances scientific approaches dealing with risk-based design and ship safety.

Geometry Revealed

Geometry Revealed
  • Author : Marcel Berger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-23
  • Total pages :831
  • ISBN : 3540709975
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Summary : Both classical geometry and modern differential geometry have been active subjects of research throughout the 20th century and lie at the heart of many recent advances in mathematics and physics. The underlying motivating concept for the present book is that it offers readers the elements of a modern geometric culture by means of a whole series of visually appealing unsolved (or recently solved) problems that require the creation of concepts and tools of varying abstraction. Starting with such natural, classical objects as lines, planes, circles, spheres, polygons, polyhedra, curves, surfaces, convex sets, etc., crucial ideas and above all abstract concepts needed for attaining the results are elucidated. These are conceptual notions, each built "above" the preceding and permitting an increase in abstraction, represented metaphorically by Jacob's ladder with its rungs: the 'ladder' in the Old Testament, that angels ascended and descended... In all this, the aim of the book is to demonstrate to readers the unceasingly renewed spirit of geometry and that even so-called "elementary" geometry is very much alive and at the very heart of the work of numerous contemporary mathematicians. It is also shown that there are innumerable paths yet to be explored and concepts to be created. The book is visually rich and inviting, so that readers may open it at random places and find much pleasure throughout according their own intuitions and inclinations. Marcel Berger is t he author of numerous successful books on geometry, this book once again is addressed to all students and teachers of mathematics with an affinity for geometry.

Ship Hydrostatics and Stability

Ship Hydrostatics and Stability
  • Author : Adrian Biran,Ruben Lopez Pulido
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-17
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9780080982908
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Summary : Ship Hydrostatics and Stability is a complete guide to understanding ship hydrostatics in ship design and ship performance, taking you from first principles through basic and applied theory to contemporary mathematical techniques for hydrostatic modeling and analysis. Real life examples of the practical application of hydrostatics are used to explain the theory and calculations using MATLAB and Excel. The new edition of this established resource takes in recent developments in naval architecture, such as parametric roll, the effects of non-linear motions on stability and the influence of ship lines, along with new international stability regulations. Extensive reference to computational techniques is made throughout and downloadable MATLAB files accompany the book to support your own hydrostatic and stability calculations. The book also includes definitions and indexes in French, German, Italian and Spanish to make the material as accessible as possible for international readers. Equips naval architects with the theory and context to understand and manage ship stability from the first stages of design through to construction and use. Covers the prerequisite foundational theory, including ship dimensions and geometry, numerical integration and the calculation of heeling and righting moments. Outlines a clear approach to stability modeling and analysis using computational methods, and covers the international standards and regulations that must be kept in mind throughout design work. Includes definitions and indexes in French, German, Italian and Spanish to make the material as accessible as possible for international readers.

GPSC AE 2020: A Practice and Previous Years Question Book for Fluid Mechanics, Water Resources and Environment Engineering

GPSC AE 2020: A Practice and Previous Years Question Book for Fluid Mechanics, Water Resources and Environment Engineering
  • Author : OnlineVerdan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9788194251767
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Summary : This Book is subject specific for all types of Assistant Engineer Exams of Gujarat Public Service Commission (GPSC) in Civil Engineering Stream. The Book contain multiple choice questions of Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulic Machines, Hydrology, Irrigation, and Environment Engineering. All MCQs are divided in two categories; one is practice questions and another is previous years questions of GPSC. Previous Years questions are being taken from last 8-9 sessions of Exam inclusive latest held Exam of GPSC Assistant Engineer. This type of subject specific books enhances choice for students what subjects they want to buy in which they are facing problems. Year by year number of competitors are increasing and the variety of questions asked in examination is widening; under such scenario this book will definitely help students to enhance their practice required to succeed in competitive exams like ESE, GATE, PSUs, SSC-JE, GPSC-AE, State Engineering Services etc.