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Assessment of Daylight Performance in Buildings

Assessment of Daylight Performance in Buildings
  • Author : B. Gherri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-08
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9781784660406
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Summary : This title deals with the many advantages associated to the use of natural light, comparing architectural experiences, technological devices and calculation methods. It provides an introduction to the problems and solutions of enhancing and conveying the right dose of daylight inside buildings, giving attention to energy savings and visual comfort

Daylight Performance of Buildings

Daylight Performance of Buildings
  • Author : Marc Fontoynont
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-01
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9781134257065
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Summary : As part of Daylight Europe, the daylighting behaviour of 60 buildings was observed and measured during a three year period. Buildings of many different types, sizes and ages were included - from offices to museums, libraries, churches, houses, airports and factories; from Classical buildings to modern constructions, and from a small single room to an office of over 100,000 square meters. The results of the study of each building are presented, extensively illustrated in colour, with the unusual features and main lessons highlighted. The book also includes details of the monitoring procedures, the results of and comparisons with simulations, the outcome of post-occupancy evaluation, and a summary of the major findings. These show the extraordinary potential of daylighting techniques to improve amenity and energy performance for the benefit of the occupants and building managers. They also demonstrate how often opportunities are missed, and the frequency of problems of overheating or glare. Above all, they demonstrate the beauty, elegance and scope of daylight design.

Daylight Performance of Buildings

Daylight Performance of Buildings
  • Author : Marc Fontoynont
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-01
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9781134257065
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Summary : As part of Daylight Europe, the daylighting behaviour of 60 buildings was observed and measured during a three year period. Buildings of many different types, sizes and ages were included - from offices to museums, libraries, churches, houses, airports and factories; from Classical buildings to modern constructions, and from a small single room to an office of over 100,000 square meters. The results of the study of each building are presented, extensively illustrated in colour, with the unusual features and main lessons highlighted. The book also includes details of the monitoring procedures, the results of and comparisons with simulations, the outcome of post-occupancy evaluation, and a summary of the major findings. These show the extraordinary potential of daylighting techniques to improve amenity and energy performance for the benefit of the occupants and building managers. They also demonstrate how often opportunities are missed, and the frequency of problems of overheating or glare. Above all, they demonstrate the beauty, elegance and scope of daylight design.

Daylight Performance Assessment of an Innovative Energy Efficient Building Envelope

Daylight Performance Assessment of an Innovative Energy Efficient Building Envelope
  • Author : Núria Casquero Modrego
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :189
  • ISBN : OCLC:1120409965
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Summary : Buildings are considered to be one of the primary contributors to the socioeconomic development of a country. However, they use a large portion of energy and available natural resources. With the industrialization leading to an increase in urban population, the number of urban buildings which has major effects on energy consumption, has significantly increased. Even with the implementation of energy efficient policies, energy consumption in buildings has regularly grown over the last decades affecting the building's operating cost. For this reason, the construction industry seeks to create a model of sustainable development in buildings which has low environmental impact and high economic and social gains. Currently, most of the world population is gathered in buildings mainly placed in urban areas. Unfortunately, a big part of these buildings are badly constructed without or with unsuitable insulation on the building envelope, and without any heating system. After some decades in use, these buildings suffer from an unacceptable interior living environment due to the unappropriated building envelope solution. This practice causes energy losses through the façades and roofs while producing low interior comfort inside the building, as well as health problems to the occupants. Therefore, nowadays the building industry is concerned with designing new construction solutions with novel components and geometries which are able to face the current energy inefficiency in buildings. The TCP is a novel energy efficient building envelope construction solution which is capable of channeling the sunlight through the opaque part of the walls. Its versatility is based on its capacity for concentrating and scattering daylight into the building's interior while achieving energy savings, i.e. reducing dependence on artificial lighting and also improving the occupant's interior comfort. The complexity of this novel construction solution comes from the physical behavior and geometry of its components, i.e. the Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC) and the Optical Fiber (OF). Currently, there is no software in the market that can simulate the daylight transmission of the CPCs and the OFs. In addition, there are no daylight metrics able to properly assess the daylight performance of the TCP. In this sense, this research considered this TCP innovative to give answers to the aforementioned problems. In fact, the building case study shows how is possible to energy retrofit existing façades and roofs while improving the interior living environment and also reducing the energy consumption of the heating and/or cooling systems. This confirm the need to urge the construction industry to design and develop novel energy efficient construction solutions, e.g. Translucent Concrete Panel (TCP). The TCP has the capability of daylight permeability in an anidolic way through the opaque parts of the exterior façades and roofs. Due to the nature of traditional building materials blocking the passage of natural light, there is a constant requirement of artificial lighting into the building, even during daytime. On the other side, some of the most commonly used daylight metrics are not precise enough in order to assess the daylight performance of the prototype. For this reason, the research has designed new daylight tests adapted to the TCP daylight features in order to evaluate its daylight performance. In fact, this is the first required step for future research lines that will be based on computer simulations that to rapidly assess influential parameters of the novel building envelope in several building sub-systems and systems.

Effective Daylighting with High-Performance Facades

Effective Daylighting with High-Performance Facades
  • Author : Kyle Konis,Stephen Selkowitz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-09
  • Total pages :269
  • ISBN : 9783319394633
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Summary : The book explores advanced building-facade daylighting design practices based on diverse energy and human-factor performance metrics. It also defines effective daylighting by rethinking the simplified approach to glazing and facade systems to incorporate the local climate and the needs of building occupants as critical drivers of building performance, design solutions and technological innovation. It discusses state-of-the-art approaches in the context of simulation-based design workflows, innovative technologies and real project case studies, all targeting low and net-zero energy solutions that enhance occupant comfort. Readers benefit from a comprehensive approach that improves the feedback loop between design intent and performance in use. The book is intended for architects, lighting designers, facade engineers, manufacturers and building owners/operators, as well as advanced students.

Daylighting in Architecture

Daylighting in Architecture
  • Author : Nick V. Baker,A. Fanchiotti,K. Steemers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-08
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9781134074297
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Summary : Typically one third of the energy used in many buildings may be consumed by electric lighting. Good daylighting design can reduce electricity consumption for lighting and improve standards of visual comfort, health and amenity for the occupants.As the only comprehensive text on the subject written in the last decade, the book will be welcomed by all architects and building services engineers interested in good daylighting design. The book is based on the work of 25 experts from all parts of Europe who have collected, evaluated and developed the material under the auspices of the European Commission's Solar Energy and Energy Conservation R&D Programmes.

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation
  • Author : Jan L.M. Hensen,Roberto Lamberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-24
  • Total pages :772
  • ISBN : 9780429688539
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Summary : When used appropriately, building performance simulation has the potential to reduce the environmental impact of the built environment, to improve indoor quality and productivity, as well as to facilitate future innovation and technological progress in construction. Since publication of the first edition of Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation, the discussion has shifted from a focus on software features to a new agenda, which centres on the effectiveness of building performance simulation in building life cycle processes. This new edition provides a unique and comprehensive overview of building performance simulation for the complete building life cycle from conception to demolition, and from a single building to district level. It contains new chapters on building information modelling, occupant behaviour modelling, urban physics modelling, urban building energy modelling and renewable energy systems modelling. This new edition keeps the same chapter structure throughout including learning objectives, chapter summaries and assignments. Moreover, the book: • Provides unique insights into the techniques of building performance modelling and simulation and their application to performance-based design and operation of buildings and the systems which service them. • Provides readers with the essential concepts of computational support of performance-based design and operation. • Provides examples of how to use building simulation techniques for practical design, management and operation, their limitations and future direction. It is primarily intended for building and systems designers and operators, and postgraduate architectural, environmental or mechanical engineering students.

Daylight Design of Buildings

Daylight Design of Buildings
  • Author : Nick Baker,Koen Steemers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-02
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781134257416
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Summary : To complement the critical and objective view gleaned from the study of some sixty buildings, this design manual has been developed to provide a more synthetic approach to the principles which lie behind successful daylight design. These principles are illustrated with examples drawn from the case study buildings. The emphasis throughout has been on practical methods to improve design, rather than techniques studied for any intrinsic interest. The book provides the necessary tools to assist the designer to provide well daylit interiors, and shows that good daylight design is not a restriction on architectural expression but, on the contrary, acts as an inspiration and foundation for good architecture.

Energy Efficient Buildings

Energy Efficient Buildings
  • Author : Eng Hwa Yap
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-18
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9789535128755
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Summary : This book discusses energy efficient buildings and the role they play in our efforts to address climate change, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by considering buildings and the construction sector's unique position along a critical path to decarbonisation from a multi-perspective and holistic viewpoint. Topics covered in the book range from daylighting, building topology comparison, building envelope design, zero energy homes in hot arid regions, life-cycle considerations and energy efficiency analysis to managing energy demand through equipment selection. Each chapter addresses an important aspect of energy efficient building and serves as a vital building block towards constructing a timely and relevant body of knowledge in energy efficient buildings.

Daylighting

Daylighting
  • Author : Peter Tregenza,Michael Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-11
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781135883034
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Summary : This authoritative and multi-disciplinary book provides architects, lighting specialists, and anyone else working daylight into design, with all the tools needed to incorporate this most fundamental element of architecture. It includes: an overview of current practice of daylighting in architecture and urban planning a review of recent research on daylighting and what this means to the practitioner a global vision of architectural lighting which is linked to the climates of the world and which integrates view, sunlight, diffuse skylight and electric lighting up-to-date tools for design in practice delivery of information in a variety of ways for interdisciplinary readers: graphics, mathematics, text, photographs and in-depth illustrations a clear structure: eleven chapters covering different aspects of lighting, a set of worksheets giving step-by-step examples of calculations and design procedures for use in practice, and a collection of algorithms and equations for reference by specialists and software designers. This book should trigger creative thought. It recognizes that good lighting design needs both knowledge and imagination.

Daylighting Design

Daylighting Design
  • Author : Mohamed Boubekri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-25
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9783038214786
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Summary : For thousands of years people have aligned their homes with the sun. This tendency decreased with the availability of artificial light. Yet, due to the health effects of artificial light as well as rising energy costs, the issue of designing with daylight is of great importance again today. The primary objective of daylight systems is to make maximum use of daylight for certain building types and climates. The book documents the various dimensions of the optimum use of daylight with particular reference to window orientation, light distribution, and prism technology, and discusses the health and economic related aspects. In the final chapter, existing design concepts are documented in detail, including the expansion of the Art Institute of Chicago Museum in the United States byRenzo Piano Building Workshop,Terminal 3 of the Changi Airport in Singapore by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, and the Clever House in Germany by Behnisch Architekten.

Daylighting

Daylighting
  • Author : Derek Phillips
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-23
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781136412004
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Summary : Daylighting offers a general theory and introduction to the use of natural light in architecture. The fourth of Derek Phillip's lighting books draws on his experience to illustrate how best to bring natural light into building design. As sustainability becomes a core principal for designers, daylighting comes to the fore as an alternative to artificial, energy consuming, light. Here, Phillips makes a rational argument for considering daylight first, outlining the arguments in favour of a daylight approach, and goes on to show, through a series of beautifully illustrated case studies, how architects have created buildings in which natural light has been shown to play a major strategic role in the development of the design of a building.

Daylighting, Architecture and Health

Daylighting, Architecture and Health
  • Author : Mohamed Boubekri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9780750667241
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Summary : Daylighting, Architecture and Health examines the relationship between natural light in buildings and human health, considering both psychological and physiological issues and bringing together a range of research in the field. As we are becoming increasingly conscious of global warming and pushing towards energy efficiency in buildings, the book examines the question of daylighting from the perspective of the health of building occupants. It gathers and reviews all the latest and pertinent medical and architectural research related to natural light, or lack thereof, and its effect on people. * Documents medical research findings which establish a link between light quality and health * Considers design strategies for increasing daylight in buildings * Develops understanding and awareness of the importance of natural light in buildings Daylighting, Architecture and Health: Building Design Strategies is a timely and essential text for professional architects and all others concerned with the effects of daylighting on health, architecture and building design.

Building Performance Analysis

Building Performance Analysis
  • Author : Pieter de Wilde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9781119341932
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Summary : Explores and brings together the existent body of knowledge on building performance analysis Building performance is an important yet surprisingly complex concept. This book presents a comprehensive and systematic overview of the subject. It provides a working definition of building performance, and an in-depth discussion of the role building performance plays throughout the building life cycle. The book also explores the perspectives of various stakeholders, the functions of buildings, performance requirements, performance quantification (both predicted and measured), criteria for success, and the challenges of using performance analysis in practice. Building Performance Analysis starts by introducing the subject of building performance: its key terms, definitions, history, and challenges. It then develops a theoretical foundation for the subject, explores the complexity of performance assessment, and the way that performance analysis impacts on actual buildings. In doing so, it attempts to answer the following questions: What is building performance? How can building performance be measured and analyzed? How does the analysis of building performance guide the improvement of buildings? And what can the building domain learn from the way performance is handled in other disciplines? Assembles the current body of knowledge on building performance analysis in one unique resource Offers deep insights into the complexity of using building performance analysis throughout the entire building life cycle, including design, operation and management Contributes an emergent theory of building performance and its analysis Building Performance Analysis will appeal to the building science community, both from industry and academia. It specifically targets advanced students in architectural engineering, building services design, building performance simulation and similar fields who hold an interest in ensuring that buildings meet the needs of their stakeholders.

Site Layout Planning for Daylight and Sunlight

Site Layout Planning for Daylight and Sunlight
  • Author : P. J. Littlefair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :75
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112108423572
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Summary : Guidance is given on site layout for good sunlighting and daylighting; safeguarding of daylight and sunlight within existing buildings nearby; and the protection of daylighting of adjoining land for future development. A special section deals with passive solar site layout.

Proceedings of the First CIE Symposium on Lighting Quality

Proceedings of the First CIE Symposium on Lighting Quality
  • Author : International Commission on Illumination
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : UOM:39015051556853
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Summary :

Modeling, Design, and Optimization of Net-Zero Energy Buildings

Modeling, Design, and Optimization of Net-Zero Energy Buildings
  • Author : Andreas Athienitis,William O'Brien
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-26
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9783433604632
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Summary : Building energy design is currently going through a period of major changes. One key factor of this is the adoption of net-zero energy as a long term goal for new buildings in most developed countries. To achieve this goal a lot of research is needed to accumulate knowledge and to utilize it in practical applications. In this book, accomplished international experts present advanced modeling techniques as well as in-depth case studies in order to aid designers in optimally using simulation tools for net-zero energy building design. The strategies and technologies discussed in this book are, however, also applicable for the design of energy-plus buildings. This book was facilitated by International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) Programs and the Energy in Buildings and Communities (EBC) Programs through the joint SHC Task 40/EBC Annex 52: Towards Net Zero Energy Solar Buildings R&D collaboration. After presenting the fundamental concepts, design strategies, and technologies required to achieve net-zero energy in buildings, the book discusses different design processes and tools to support the design of net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs). A substantial chapter reports on four diverse NZEBs that have been operating for at least two years. These case studies are extremely high quality because they all have high resolution measured data and the authors were intimately involved in all of them from conception to operating. By comparing the projections made using the respective design tools with the actual performance data, successful (and unsuccessful) design techniques and processes, design and simulation tools, and technologies are identified. Written by both academics and practitioners (building designers) and by North Americans as well as Europeans, this book provides a very broad perspective. It includes a detailed description of design processes and a list of appropriate tools for each design phase, plus methods for parametric analysis and mathematical optimization. It is a guideline for building designers that draws from both the profound theoretical background and the vast practical experience of the authors.

Building Science

Building Science
  • Author : Jens Pohl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-14
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781119787761
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Summary : With the improved efficiency of heating, cooling and lighting in buildings crucial to the low carbon targets of all current governments, Building Science: Concepts and Applications provides a timely and much-needed addition to the existing literature on architectural and environmental design education. Taking a logical and didactic approach, the author introduces the reader to the underlying concepts and principles of the thermal, lighting, and acoustic determinants of building design in four integrated sections. The first section explores the thermal building environment and the principles of thermal comfort, translating these principles into conceptual building design solutions. The author examines the heat flow characteristics of the building envelope and explains steady state design methods that form the basis of most building codes. He discusses the sun as a natural heat source and describes the principles of active and passive solar building design solutions. The second section introduces the scientific principles of light, color, and vision, stressing the importance of daylight in building design, presenting the Daylight Factor design concept and methodology, and discussing glare conditions and their avoidance. It also addresses artificial lighting, delving into the prominent role that electricity plays in the production of light by artificial means and comparing the efficacy and characteristics of the various commercially available light sources in terms of the energy to light conversion ratio, life span, available intensity range, color rendition properties, and cost. The third section deals with the various aspects of sound that impact the design of the built environment, discussing the nature of sound as a physical force that sets any medium through which it travels into vibration and laying the foundations for the treatment of sound as an important means of communication as well as a disruptive disturbance. The final section discusses the foundational concepts of ecological design as a basis for addressing sustainability issues in building design solutions. These issues include the embedded energy of construction materials, waste management, preservation of freshwater and management of graywater, adoption of passive solar principles, energy saving measures applicable to mechanical building services, and the end-of-lifecycle deconstruction and recycling of building materials and components. Covers the fundamental building science topics of heat, energy, light and sound Takes a logical and didactic approach, tracing the historical roots of building science Includes summaries of new technologies in solar energy and photovoltaic systems Features a section on the principles of sustainable architecture Website with answers to MC questions testing students' learning

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation
  • Author : Jan L.M. Hensen,Roberto Lamberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-10
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9781134026357
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Summary : Effective building performance simulation can reduce the environmental impact of the built environment, improve indoor quality and productivity, and facilitate future innovation and technological progress in construction. It draws on many disciplines, including physics, mathematics, material science, biophysics and human behavioural, environmental and computational sciences. The discipline itself is continuously evolving and maturing, and improvements in model robustness and fidelity are constantly being made. This has sparked a new agenda focusing on the effectiveness of simulation in building life-cycle processes. Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation begins with an introduction to the concepts of performance indicators and targets, followed by a discussion on the role of building simulation in performance-based building design and operation. This sets the ground for in-depth discussion of performance prediction for energy demand, indoor environmental quality (including thermal, visual, indoor air quality and moisture phenomena), HVAC and renewable system performance, urban level modelling, building operational optimization and automation. Produced in cooperation with the International Building Performance Simulation Association (IBPSA), and featuring contributions from fourteen internationally recognised experts in this field, this book provides a unique and comprehensive overview of building performance simulation for the complete building life-cycle from conception to demolition. It is primarily intended for advanced students in building services engineering, and in architectural, environmental or mechanical engineering; and will be useful for building and systems designers and operators.

Green Schools

Green Schools
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment,Committee to Review and Assess the Health and Productivity Benefits of Green Schools
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-25
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 0309180317
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Summary : Evidence has accumulated that shows that the quality of indoor environments can affect the health and productivity of adults and children. One consequence is that a movement has emerged to promote the design of schools that have fewer adverse environmental effects. To examine the potential of such design for improving education, several private organizations asked the NRC to review and assess the health and productivity benefits of green schools. This report provides an analysis of the complexity of making such a determination; and an assessment of the potential human health and performance benefits of improvements in the building envelope, indoor air quality, lighting, and acoustical quality. The report also presents an assessment of the overall building condition and student achievement, and offers an analysis of and recommendations for planning and maintaining green schools including research considerations.

Creating Healthy and Sustainable Buildings

Creating Healthy and Sustainable Buildings
  • Author : Mateja Dovjak,Andreja Kukec
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-28
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9783030194123
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Summary : The open access book discusses human health and wellbeing within the context of built environments. It provides a comprehensive overview of relevant sources of literature and user complaints that clearly demonstrate the consequences of lack of attention to health in current building design and planning. Current designing of energy-efficient buildings is mainly focused on looking at energy problems and not on addressing health. Therefore, even green buildings that place environmental aspects above health issues can be uncomfortable and unhealthy, and can lead to public health problems. The authors identify many health risk factors and their parameters, and the interactions among risk factors and building design elements. They point to the need for public health specialists, engineers and planners to come together and review built environments for human wellbeing and environmental sustainability. The authors therefore present a tool for holistic decision-making processes, leading to short- and long-term benefits for people and their environment.