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Atmospheric Satellite Observations

Atmospheric Satellite Observations
  • Author : Xiaolei Zou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 012820950X
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Summary : Atmospheric Satellite Observations: Variation Assimilation and Quality Assurance provides a useful reference to satellite data assimilation. Drawing from her 30+ years researching, supervising graduate students and teaching courses on atmospheric data assimilation, Dr Zou has written an easy to use, complete guide on satellite data assimilation. Organized in two sections, mathematical concepts and variational data assimilation, topics covered include linear algebra to aid in reading involved matrices, frequently used statistical methods, the interpolation role of function fitting, filtering when dealing with real observations, minimization as used in data assimilation systems, 3D-Var and the inverse problem it solves, the practical development of adjoint models and the 4D-Var method. It further reviews different systems specific coverage like GPS radio occultation (RO) and GOES Imagers. This book concludes by tying together everything covered and applying all concepts to the observation of hurricanes.

Satellite Observations of the Earth's Environment

Satellite Observations of the Earth's Environment
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on NASA-NOAA Transition from Research to Operations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-07-03
  • Total pages :181
  • ISBN : 9780309087490
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Summary : This report addresses the transition of research satellites, instruments, and calculations into operational service for accurately observing and predicting the Earth’s environment. These transitions, which take place in large part between NASA and NOAA, are important for maintaining the health, safety, and prosperity of the nation, and for achieving the vision of an Earth Information System in which quantitative information about the complete Earth system is readily available to myriad users. Many transitions have been ad hoc, sometimes taking several years or even decades to occur, and others have encountered roadblocksâ€"lack of long-range planning, resources, institutional or cultural differences, for instanceâ€"and never reached fruition. Satellite Observations of Earth’s Environment recommends new structures and methods that will allow seamless transitions from research to practice.

Summary of Rocket and Satellite Observations Related to the Ionosphere

Summary of Rocket and Satellite Observations Related to the Ionosphere
  • Author : J. Carl Seddon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1961
  • Total pages :22
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112106683045
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Summary :

Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy

Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy
  • Author : Masami Onoda,Oran R Young
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-16
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : 9789811037139
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Summary : The result of a workshop bringing together an international advisory board of experts in science, satellite technologies, industry innovations, and public policy, this book addresses the current and future roles of satellite Earth observations in solving large-scale environmental problems. The book showcases the results of engaging distinct communities to enhance our ability to identify emerging problems and to administer international regimes created to solve them. It also reviews the work of the Policy and Earth Observation Innovation Cycle (PEOIC) project, an effort aimed at assessing the impact of satellite observations on environmental policy and to propose a mission going forward that would launch an “innovation cycle”. The achievements of such a mission would feed back to innovations in next-generation observation technology, thus contributing to global policy demand for policy-relevant information. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Scientific Satellite and Moon-Based Earth Observation for Global Change

Scientific Satellite and Moon-Based Earth Observation for Global Change
  • Author : Huadong Guo,Wenxue Fu,Guang Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-27
  • Total pages :618
  • ISBN : 9789811380310
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Summary : Global change involves complex and far-reaching variations in the Earth’s systems, and satellite observations have been widely used in global change studies. Over the past five decades, Earth observation has developed into a comprehensive system that can conduct dynamic monitoring of the land, the oceans and the atmosphere at the local, regional and even global scale. At the same time, although a large number of Earth observation satellites have been launched, very few of them are used in global change studies. The lack of scientific satellite programs greatly hinders research on global change. This book proposes using a series of global change scientific satellites to establish a scientific observation grid for global environmental change monitoring from space, and offers the first comprehensive review of lunar-based Earth observation. These scientific satellites could provide not only basic datasets but also scientific support in facilitating advances in international global change research.

Parameterization of Atmospheric Convection

Parameterization of Atmospheric Convection
  • Author : Robert S Plant,Jun-Ichi Yano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-21
  • Total pages :1172
  • ISBN : 9781783266920
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Summary : Precipitating atmospheric convection is fundamental to the Earth's weather and climate. It plays a leading role in the heat, moisture and momentum budgets. Appropriate modelling of convection is thus a prerequisite for reliable numerical weather prediction and climate modelling. The current standard approach is to represent it by subgrid-scale convection parameterization. Parameterization of Atmospheric Convection provides, for the first time, a comprehensive presentation of this important topic. The two-volume set equips readers with a firm grasp of the wide range of important issues, and thorough coverage is given of both the theoretical and practical aspects. This makes the parameterization problem accessible to a wider range of scientists than before. At the same time, by providing a solid bottom-up presentation of convection parameterization, this set is the definitive reference point for atmospheric scientists and modellers working on such problems. Volume 1 of this two-volume set focuses on the basic principles: introductions to atmospheric convection and tropical dynamics, explanations and discussions of key parameterization concepts, and a thorough and critical exploration of the mass-flux parameterization framework, which underlies the methods currently used in almost all operational models and at major climate modelling centres. Volume 2 focuses on the practice, which also leads to some more advanced fundamental issues. It includes: perspectives on operational implementations and model performance, tailored verification approaches, the role and representation of cloud microphysics, alternative parameterization approaches, stochasticity, criticality, and symmetry constraints. Contents:Volume 1:Basic Parameterization Concepts and Issues:Moist Atmospheric Convection: An Introduction and Overview (Á Horváth)Sub-Grid Parameterization Problem (J-I Yano)Scale Separation (J-I Yano)Quasi-Equilibrium (R S Plant and J-I Yano)Tropical Dynamics: Large-Scale Convectively Coupled Waves (Ž Fuchs)Mass-Flux Parameterization:Hot-Tower Hypothesis and Mass-Flux Formulation (J-I Yano)Formulation of the Mass-Flux Convective Parameterization (J-I Yano)Thermodynamic Effects of Convection under the Mass-Flux Formulation (J-I Yano)Spectral and Bulk Mass-Flux Representations (R S Plant and O Martínez-Alvarado)Entrainment and Detrainment Formulations for Mass-Flux Parameterization (W C de Rooy, J-I Yano, P Bechtold and S J Böing)Closure (J-I Yano and R S Plant)Convective Vertical Velocity (J-I Yano)Downdraughts (J-I Yano)Momentum Transfer (J-I Yano)Volume 2:Operational Issues:Convection in Global Numerical Weather Prediction (P Bechtold)Satellite Observations of Convection and Their Implications for Parameterizations (J Quaas and P Stier)Convection and Waves on Small Planets and the Real Earth (P Bechtold, N Semane and S Malardel)Microphysics of Convective Cloud and Its Treatment in Parameterization (V T J Phillips and J-I Yano)Model Resolution Issues and New Approaches in the Convection-Permitting Regimes (L Gerard)Stochastic Aspects of Convective Parameterization (R S Plant, L Bengtsson and M A Whitall)Verification of High-Resolution Precipitation Forecast with Radar-Based Data (D Řezáčová, B Szintai, B Jakubiak, J-I Yano and S Turner)Unification and Consistency:Formulations of Moist Thermodynamics for Atmospheric Modelling (P Marquet and J-F Geleyn)Representation of Microphysical Processes in Cloud-Resolving Models (A P Khain)Cumulus Convection as a Turbulent Flow (A Grant)Clouds and Convection as Subgrid-Scale Distributions (E Machulskaya)Towards a Unified and Self-Consistent Parameterization Framework (J-I Yano, L Bengtsson, J-F Geleyn and R Brozkova)Theoretical Physics Perspectives:Regimes of Self-Organized Criticality in Atmospheric Convection (F Spineanu, M Vlad and D Palade)Invariant and Conservative Parameterization Schemes (A Bihlo, E Dos Santos Cardoso-Bihlo and R O Popovych)Conclusions:Conclusions (R S Plant and J-I Yano) Readership: Atmospheric scientists and modellers. Key Features:The first coherent book to focus on convective parameterization for climate modelling and numerical weather predictionClear focus on the underpinning theory of parameterization, and its possible extensionsPlaces current efforts to improve parameterizations firmly into the theoretical context rather than focusing on details of the technical implementation or changes to overall model performanceKeywords:Atmospheric Convection;Parameterization;Numerical Modelling;Numerical Weather Prediction;Global Climate Modelling

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NYPL:33433060143942
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Summary :

Earth Observation of Global Change

Earth Observation of Global Change
  • Author : Emilio Chuvieco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-28
  • Total pages :223
  • ISBN : 9781402063589
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Summary : Global Change is increasingly considered a critical topic in environmental research. Remote sensing methods provide a useful tool to monitor global variables, since they provide a systematic coverage of the Earth’s surface, at different spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions. This book offers an analysis of the leading missions in global Earth observation, and reviews the main fields in which remote sensing methods are providing vital data for global change studies.

Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring

Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring
  • Author : Young Kim,Ulrich Platt,Man Bock Gu,Hitoshi Iwahashi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-04
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9781402096747
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Summary : The extent of harmful effects of pollution on atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic environments can be translated into extreme temperature changes, dirty air, clean water shortages, and increased incidence of toxicity that harms every life on earth. Within a lifetime, our environment is changing drastically. Much of the information of environmental pollution impacts needs to be studied, from the mechanism of toxic nanoparticles on the molecular level to the detection of trace gases on the satellite perspective. It is therefore essential to develop advanced monitoring techniques, e- cient process technologies and health impact assessment tools to ?ll the gaps in our scienti?c knowledge. This edition of “Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring” is a handful of recent developments and techniques from environmental scientists in well-diversi?ed ?elds. These collections of manuscripts are extracts from the recently concluded “7th International Symposium on Advanced Environmental Monitoring” organized by the ADvanced Environmental Monitoring and Research Center (ADEMRC), Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Korea and held on February 25–28, 2008 in Honolulu, Hawaii. The three parts highlight important aspects of emerging environmental monitoring technologies: Atmospheric Environment, Contaminants Control Process, and Environmental Toxicity Asse- ment. Observational tools presented in the ?rst part ranges from in-situ measurements to satellite remote sensing for atmospheric monitoring. Highlighted in the second part is the recently developed water quality monitoring system for lake strati?cation and membrane technologies for detection and removal of contaminants. Lastly, toxicity monitoring of endocrine disruptors and nanoparticles are highlighted in the third part with new discoveries.

Monthly Weather Review

Monthly Weather Review
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435028205144
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Summary :

Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation

Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation
  • Author : Tanvir Islam,Yongxiang Hu,Alexander A. Kokhanovsky,Jun Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-31
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780128104385
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Summary : Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation compiles recent advances in aerosol, cloud, and precipitation remote sensing from new satellite observations. The book examines a wide range of measurements from microwave (both active and passive), visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. Contributors are experts conducting state-of-the-art research in atmospheric remote sensing using space, airborne, and ground-based datasets, focusing on supporting earth observation satellite missions for aerosol, cloud, and precipitation studies. A handy reference for scientists working in remote sensing, earth science, electromagnetics, climate physics, and space engineering. Valuable for operational forecasters, meteorologists, geospatial experts, modelers, and policymakers alike. Presents new approaches in the field, along with further research opportunities, based on the latest satellite data Focuses on how remote sensing systems can be designed/developed to solve outstanding problems in earth and atmospheric sciences Edited by a dynamic team of editors with a mixture of highly skilled and qualified authors offering world-leading expertise in the field

Earth Science and Applications from Space

Earth Science and Applications from Space
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-01
  • Total pages :454
  • ISBN : 0309103878
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Summary : Natural and human-induced changes in Earth's interior, land surface, biosphere, atmosphere, and oceans affect all aspects of life. Understanding these changes requires a range of observations acquired from land-, sea-, air-, and space-based platforms. To assist NASA, NOAA, and USGS in developing these tools, the NRC was asked to carry out a "decadal strategy" survey of Earth science and applications from space that would develop the key scientific questions on which to focus Earth and environmental observations in the period 2005-2015 and beyond, and present a prioritized list of space programs, missions, and supporting activities to address these questions. This report presents a vision for the Earth science program; an analysis of the existing Earth Observing System and recommendations to help restore its capabilities; an assessment of and recommendations for new observations and missions for the next decade; an examination of and recommendations for effective application of those observations; and an analysis of how best to sustain that observation and applications system.

Manual of Digital Earth

Manual of Digital Earth
  • Author : Huadong Guo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-01
  • Total pages :852
  • ISBN : 9789813299153
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Summary : This open access book offers a summary of the development of Digital Earth over the past twenty years. By reviewing the initial vision of Digital Earth, the evolution of that vision, the relevant key technologies, and the role of Digital Earth in helping people respond to global challenges, this publication reveals how and why Digital Earth is becoming vital for acquiring, processing, analysing and mining the rapidly growing volume of global data sets about the Earth. The main aspects of Digital Earth covered here include: Digital Earth platforms, remote sensing and navigation satellites, processing and visualizing geospatial information, geospatial information infrastructures, big data and cloud computing, transformation and zooming, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, and social media. Moreover, the book covers in detail the multi-layered/multi-faceted roles of Digital Earth in response to sustainable development goals, climate changes, and mitigating disasters, the applications of Digital Earth (such as digital city and digital heritage), the citizen science in support of Digital Earth, the economic value of Digital Earth, and so on. This book also reviews the regional and national development of Digital Earth around the world, and discusses the role and effect of education and ethics. Lastly, it concludes with a summary of the challenges and forecasts the future trends of Digital Earth. By sharing case studies and a broad range of general and scientific insights into the science and technology of Digital Earth, this book offers an essential introduction for an ever-growing international audience.

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing

Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing
  • Author : William Emery,Adriano Camps
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-30
  • Total pages :860
  • ISBN : 9780128092590
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Summary : Introduction to Satellite Remote Sensing: Atmosphere, Ocean and Land Applications is the first reference book to cover ocean applications, atmospheric applications, and land applications of remote sensing. Applications of remote sensing data are finding increasing application in fields as diverse as wildlife ecology and coastal recreation management. The technology engages electromagnetic sensors to measure and monitor changes in the earth’s surface and atmosphere. The book opens with an introduction to the history of remote sensing, starting from when the phrase was first coined. It goes on to discuss the basic concepts of the various systems, including atmospheric and ocean, then closes with a detailed section on land applications. Due to the cross disciplinary nature of the authors’ experience and the content covered, this is a must have reference book for all practitioners and students requiring an introduction to the field of remote sensing. Provides study questions at the end of each chapter to aid learning Covers all satellite remote sensing technologies, allowing readers to use the text as instructional material Includes the most recent technologies and their applications, allowing the reader to stay up-to-date Delves into laser sensing (LIDAR) and commercial satellites (DigitalGlobe) Presents examples of specific satellite missions, including those in which new technology has been introduced

Satellite Meteorology

Satellite Meteorology
  • Author : Stanley Q. Kidder,Thomas H. Vonder Haar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-09-12
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9780080572000
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Summary : At last, a book that has what every atmospheric science and meteorology student should know about satellite meteorology: the orbits of satellites, the instruments they carry, the radiation they detect, and, most importantly, the fundamental atmospheric data that can be retrieved from their observations. Key Features * Of special interest are sections on: * Remote sensing of atmospheric temperature, trace gases, winds, cloud and aerosol data, precipitation, and radiation budget * Satellite image interpretation * Satellite orbits and navigation * Radiative transfer fundamentals

World Weather Watch Global Observing System; Satellite Sub-system

World Weather Watch Global Observing System; Satellite Sub-system
  • Author : World Meteorological Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89109625145
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Summary :

Understanding Earth Observation

Understanding Earth Observation
  • Author : Domenico Solimini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :703
  • ISBN : 9783319256337
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Summary : This volume addresses the physical foundation of remote sensing. The basic grounds are presented in close association with the kinds of environmental targets to monitor and with the observing techniques. The book aims at plugging the quite large gap between the thorough and quantitative description of electromagnetic waves interacting with the Earth's environment and the user applications of Earth observation. It is intended for scientifically literate students and professionals who plan to gain a first understanding of remote sensing data and of their information content.

Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites

Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate Data Records from NOAA Operational Satellites
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-08-26
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 0309182190
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Summary : The report outlines key elements to consider in designing a program to create climate-quality data from satellites. It examines historical attempts to create climate data records, provides advice on steps for generating, re-analyzing, and storing satellite climate data, and discusses the importance of partnering between agencies, academia, and industry. NOAA will use this report--the first in a two-part study--to draft an implementation plan for climate data records.

Earth Observations from Space

Earth Observations from Space
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Scientific Accomplishments of Earth Observations from Space
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-17
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 9780309110952
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Summary : Over the past 50 years, thousands of satellites have been sent into space on missions to collect data about the Earth. Today, the ability to forecast weather, climate, and natural hazards depends critically on these satellite-based observations. At the request of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Research Council convened a committee to examine the scientific accomplishments that have resulted from space-based observations. This book describes how the ability to view the entire globe at once, uniquely available from satellite observations, has revolutionized Earth studies and ushered in a new era of multidisciplinary Earth sciences. In particular, the ability to gather satellite images frequently enough to create "movies" of the changing planet is improving the understanding of Earth's dynamic processes and helping society to manage limited resources and environmental challenges. The book concludes that continued Earth observations from space will be required to address scientific and societal challenges of the future.

Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modelling

Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modelling
  • Author : George Petropoulos,Prashant K Srivastava
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-07
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780128030318
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Summary : Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modeling highlights the state-of-the-art in ongoing research investigations and new applications of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling. In this framework, original works concerned with the development or exploitation of diverse methods applied to different types of earth observation data or earth observation-based modeling approaches are included. An overview of sensitivity analysis methods and principles is provided first, followed by examples of applications and case studies of different sensitivity/uncertainty analysis implementation methods, covering the full spectrum of sensitivity analysis techniques, including operational products. Finally, the book outlines challenges and future prospects for implementation in earth observation modeling. Information provided in this book is of practical value to readers looking to understand the principles of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling, the level of scientific maturity in the field, and where the main limitations or challenges are in terms of improving our ability to implement such approaches in a wide range of applications. Readers will also be informed on the implementation of sensitivity/uncertainty analysis on operational products available at present, on global and continental scales. All of this information is vital in the selection process of the most appropriate sensitivity analysis method to implement. Outlines challenges and future prospects of sensitivity analysis implementation in earth observation modeling Provides readers with a roadmap for directing future efforts Includes case studies with applications from different regions around the globe, helping readers to explore strengths and weaknesses of the different methods in earth observation modeling Presents a step-by-step guide, providing the principles of each method followed by the application of variants, making the reference easy to use and follow

From Research to Operations in Weather Satellites and Numerical Weather Prediction

From Research to Operations in Weather Satellites and Numerical Weather Prediction
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-08-07
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : 0309171652
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Summary : This workshop report examines the capability of the forecast system to efficiently transfer weather and climate research findings into improved operational forecast capabilities. It looks in particular at the Environmental Modeling Center of the National Weather Service and environmental observational satellite programs. Using these examples, the report identifies several shortcomings in the capability to transition from research to operations. Successful transitions from R&D to operational implementation requires (1) understanding of the importance (and risks) of the transition, (2) development and maintenance of appropriate transition plans, (3) adequate resource provision, and (4) continuous feedback (in both directions) between the R&D and operational activities.