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Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering

Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering
  • Author : W. Richard Bowen,Nidal Hilal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-30
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0080949576
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Summary : This is the first book to bring together both the basic theory and proven process engineering practice of AFM. It is presented in a way that is accessible and valuable to practising engineers as well as to those who are improving their AFM skills and knowledge, and to researchers who are developing new products and solutions using AFM. The book takes a rigorous and practical approach that ensures it is directly applicable to process engineering problems. Fundamentals and techniques are concisely described, while specific benefits for process engineering are clearly defined and illustrated. Key content includes: particle-particle, and particle-bubble interactions; characterization of membrane surfaces; the development of fouling resistant membranes; nanoscale pharmaceutical analysis; nanoengineering for cellular sensing; polymers on surfaces; micro and nanoscale rheometry. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an important tool for process engineers and scientists as it enables improved processes and products The only book dealing with the theory and practical applications of atomic force microscopy in process engineering Provides best-practice guidance and experience on using AFM for process and product improvement

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment
  • Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Sacide Alsoy Altinkaya,Jochen Bundschuh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-14
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781351715263
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Summary : The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Nonlinearity, Bifurcation and Chaos

Nonlinearity, Bifurcation and Chaos
  • Author : Jan Awrejcewicz,Peter Hagedorn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-24
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9789535108160
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Summary : Nonlinearity, Bifurcation and Chaos - Theory and Application is an edited book focused on introducing both theoretical and application oriented approaches in science and engineering. It contains 12 chapters, and is recommended for university teachers, scientists, researchers, engineers, as well as graduate and post-graduate students either working or interested in the field of nonlinearity, bifurcation and chaos.

What is What in the Nanoworld

What is What in the Nanoworld
  • Author : Victor E. Borisenko,Stefano Ossicini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-21
  • Total pages :615
  • ISBN : 9783527648382
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Summary : The third, partly revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended secondary sources for an extended study of any given subject. Each of the more than 2,200 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length, interprets the term or definition in question and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources. Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.

Membrane Characterization

Membrane Characterization
  • Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura,Darren Oatley-Radcliffe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-18
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9780444637918
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Summary : Membrane Characterization provides a valuable source of information on how membranes are characterized, an extremely limited field that is confined to only brief descriptions in various technical papers available online. For the first time, readers will be able to understand the importance of membrane characterization, the techniques required, and the fundamental theory behind them. This book focuses on characterization techniques that are normally used for membranes prepared from polymeric, ceramic, and composite materials. Features specific details on many membrane characterization techniques for various membrane materials of industrial and academic interest Contains examples of international best practice techniques for the evaluation of several membrane parameters, including pore size, charge, and fouling Discusses various membrane models more suitable to a specific application Provides examples of ab initio calculations for the design, optimization, and scale-up of processes based on characterization data

Atomic Force Microscopy in Adhesion Studies

Atomic Force Microscopy in Adhesion Studies
  • Author : J. Drelich,Kash L. Mittal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-10-01
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9789047416463
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Summary : Since its discovery, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) has become a technique of choice for non-destructive surface characterization with sub-molecular resolution. The AFM has also emerged as a problem-solving tool in applications relevant to particle-solid and particle-liquid interactions, design, fabrication, and characterization of new materials, and development of new technologies for processing and modification of materials. This volume is a comprehensive review of AFM techniques and their application in adhesion studies. It is intended for both researchers and students in engineering disciplines, physics and biology. Over 100 authors contributed to this book, summarizing current status of research on measurements of colloidal particle-solid adhesion and molecular forces, solid surface imaging and mapping, and discussing the contact mechanics models applicable to particle-substrate and particle-particle systems.

Atomic-force Microscopy and Its Applications

Atomic-force Microscopy and Its Applications
  • Author : Tomasz Tański,Marcin Staszuk,Boguslaw Ziebowicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-30
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9781789851694
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Summary : Atomic force microscopy is a surface analytical technique used in air, liquids or a vacuum to generate very high-resolution topographic images of a surface, down to atomic resolution. This book is not only for students but also for professional engineers who are working in the industry as well as specialists. This book aims to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the new trends, research results and development of atomic force microscopy. The chapters for this book have been written by respected and well-known researchers and specialists from different countries. We hope that after studying this book, you will have objective knowledge about the possible uses of atomic force microscopy in many scientific aspects of our civilisation.

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science
  • Author : P. Somasundaran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :6675
  • ISBN : 0849396077
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Summary :

Molecular Manipulation with Atomic Force Microscopy

Molecular Manipulation with Atomic Force Microscopy
  • Author : Anne-Sophie Duwez,Nicolas Willet
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-07
  • Total pages :287
  • ISBN : 9781439809662
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Summary : With the invention of scanning probe techniques in the early 1980s, scientists can now play with single atoms, single molecules, and even single bonds. Force, dynamics, and function can now be probed at the single-molecule level. Molecular Manipulation with Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) presents a series of topics that discuss concepts and methodologies used to manipulate and study single (bio)molecules with AFM. The first part is dedicated to the pulling of single molecules with force spectroscopy to investigate molecular interactions, mechanics, and mechanochemical processes, and the second part to the manipulation, repositioning, and targeted delivery of single molecules on substrates. Single molecule manipulation is an exciting area of research which made important breakthroughs in nanoscience and which could find potential applications in a diverse range of disciplines, including chemistry, biology, physics, material and polymer science, and engineering. New and experienced AFM researchers looking for applications beyond imaging will find a wealth of information in this informative volume.

Atomic Force Microscopy

Atomic Force Microscopy
  • Author : Peter Eaton,Paul West
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-25
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780199570454
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Summary : Atomic force microscopes are very important tools for the advancement of science and technology. This book provides an introduction to the microscopes so that scientists and engineers can learn both how to use them, and what they can do.

Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid

Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid
  • Author : Arturo M. Baró,Ronald G. Reifenberger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-14
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 9783527327584
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Summary : About 40 % of current atomic force microscopy (AFM) research is performed in liquids, making liquid-based AFM a rapidly growing and important tool for the study of biological materials. This book focuses on the underlying principles and experimental aspects of AFM under liquid, with an easy-to-follow organization intended for new AFM scientists. The book also serves as an up-to-date review of new AFM techniques developed especially for biological samples. Aimed at physicists, materials scientists, biologists, analytical chemists, and medicinal chemists. An ideal reference book for libraries. From the contents: Part I: General Atomic Force Microscopy * AFM: Basic Concepts * Carbon Nanotube Tips in Atomic Force Microscopy with * Applications to Imaging in Liquid * Force Spectroscopy * Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid * Fundamentals of AFM Cantilever Dynamics in Liquid * Environments * Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy * High-Speed AFM for Observing Dynamic Processes in Liquid * Integration of AFM with Optical Microscopy Techniques Part II: Biological Applications * DNA and Protein-DNA Complexes * Single-Molecule Force Microscopy of Cellular Sensors * AFM-Based Single-Cell Force Spectroscopy * Nano-Surgical Manipulation of Living Cells with the AFM

Heat Treating and Surface Engineering

Heat Treating and Surface Engineering
  • Author : ASM Heat Treating Society. Conference and Exposition
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-01
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9781615032617
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Summary :

Atomic Force Microscopy in Nanobiology

Atomic Force Microscopy in Nanobiology
  • Author : Kunio Takeyasu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9789814411592
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Summary : Recent developments in atomic force microscopy (AFM) have been accomplished through various technical and instrumental innovations, including high-resolution and recognition imaging technology under physiological conditions, fast-scanning AFM, and general methods for cantilever modification and force measurement. All these techniques are now highly

Life at the Nanoscale

Life at the Nanoscale
  • Author : Yves Dufrene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-28
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9789814267977
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Summary : Proceeding from basic fundamentals to applications, this volume provides a comprehensive overview of the use of AFM and related scanning probe microscopies for cell surface analysis. It covers all cell types, from viruses and protoplasts to bacteria and animal cells. It also discusses a range of advanced AFM modalities, including high-resolution imaging, nanoindentation measurements, recognition imaging, and single-molecule and single-cell force spectroscopy. The book covers methodologies for preparing and analyzing cells and membranes of all kinds and highlights recent examples to illustrate the power of AFM techniques in life sciences and nanomedicine.

Microbial Biofilms

Microbial Biofilms
  • Author : Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran,Nooruddin Thajuddin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-13
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9789535124351
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Summary : In the book Microbial Biofilms: Importance and applications, eminent scientists provide an up-to-date review of the present and future trends on biofilm-related research. This book is divided with four subdivisions as biofilm fundamentals, applications, health aspects, and their control. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on microbial interactions in biofilms, pyocyanin, and extracellular DNA in facilitating Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation, atomic force microscopic studies of biofilms, and biofilms in beverage industry. The book comprises a total of 21 chapters from valued contributions from world leading experts in Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Serbia, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Poland, Portugal, and Turkey. This book may be used as a text or reference for everyone interested in biofilms and their applications. It is also highly recommended for environmental microbiologists, soil scientists, medical microbiologists, bioremediation experts, and microbiologists working in biocorrosion, biofouling, biodegradation, water microbiology, quorum sensing, and many other related areas. Scientists in academia, research laboratories, and industry will also find it of interest.

Atomic Force Microscopy/Scanning Tunneling Microscopy 2

Atomic Force Microscopy/Scanning Tunneling Microscopy 2
  • Author : Samuel H. Cohen,Marcia L. Lightbody
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-04-30
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 030645596X
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Summary : Proceedings of the Second Symposium held in Natick, Massachusetts, June7-9, 1994

Quantitative Data Processing in Scanning Probe Microscopy

Quantitative Data Processing in Scanning Probe Microscopy
  • Author : Petr Klapetek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-03
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780128133484
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Summary : Quantitative Data Processing in Scanning Probe Microscopy: SPM Applications for Nanometrology, Second Edition describes the recommended practices for measurements and data processing for various SPM techniques, also discussing associated numerical techniques and recommendations for further reading for particular physical quantities measurements. Each chapter has been revised and updated for this new edition to reflect the progress that has been made in SPM techniques in recent years. New features for this edition include more step-by-step examples, better sample data and more links to related documentation in open source software. Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) techniques have the potential to produce information on various local physical properties. Unfortunately, there is still a large gap between what is measured by commercial devices and what could be considered as a quantitative result. This book determines to educate and close that gap. Associated data sets can be downloaded from http://gwyddion.net/qspm/ Features step-by-step guidance to aid readers in progressing from a general understanding of SPM principles to a greater mastery of complex data measurement techniques Includes a focus on metrology aspects of measurements, arming readers with a solid grasp of instrumentation and measuring methods accuracy Worked examples show quantitative data processing for different SPM analytical techniques

Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy

Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy
  • Author : Seizo Morita,Franz J. Giessibl,Roland Wiesendanger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-18
  • Total pages :401
  • ISBN : 9783642014956
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Summary : Since the original publication of Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy in 2002, the noncontact atomic force microscope (NC-AFM) has achieved remarkable progress. This second treatment deals with the following outstanding recent results obtained with atomic resolution since then: force spectroscopy and mapping with atomic resolution; tuning fork; atomic manipulation; magnetic exchange force microscopy; atomic and molecular imaging in liquids; and other new technologies. These results and technologies are now helping evolve NC-AFM toward practical tools for characterization and manipulation of individual atoms/molecules and nanostructures with atomic/subatomic resolution. Therefore, the book exemplifies how NC-AFM has become a crucial tool for the expanding fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology.

The Chemical Engineer

The Chemical Engineer
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822032921579
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Summary :

Atomic Force Microscopy for Biologists

Atomic Force Microscopy for Biologists
  • Author : Victor J Morris,Andrew R Kirby,A Patrick Gunning
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-11
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9781908978219
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Summary : Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is part of a range of emerging microscopic methods for biologists which offer the magnification range of both the light and electron microscope, but allow imaging under the "natural" conditions usually associated with the light microscope. To biologists, AFM offers the prospect of high resolution images of biological material, images of molecules and their interactions even under physiological conditions, and the study of molecular processes in living systems. This book provides a realistic appreciation of the advantages and limitations of the technique and the present and future potential for improving the understanding of biological systems. The second edition of this bestseller has been updated to describe the latest developments in this exciting field, including a brand new chapter on force spectroscopy. The dramatic developments of AFM over the past ten years from a simple imaging tool to the multi-faceted, nano-manipulating technique that it is today are conveyed in a lively and informative narrative, which provides essential reading for students and experienced researchers alike. Contents:ApparatusBasic PrinciplesMacromoleculesInterfacial SystemsOrdered MacromoleculesCells, Tissue and BiomineralsOther Probe MicroscopesForce Spectroscopy Readership: Undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in biophysics. Keywords:AFM;Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM);Biophysics;Cells;Macromolecules;Imaging;Biopolymers;Interfaces;DNA;PhospholipidsKey Features:Over 70 new pages, 700 new references, bringing it bang up-to-date with current literature, and 24 new figuresOnly book covering published research, machines and methodology from inception to the present day (2009)Updated to include and an entirely new chapter on force spectroscopyReviews:“This second edition of an excellent book updates considerably the information contained, and is expanded, too. The main focus of this book are the biological applications of AFM, and these are covered very well … The chapters are in-depth and very informative, and contain lots of useful and detailed information. In general the book is well written with an informal style, and contains useful information for beginners, including detailed information on how to carry out some experiments, answers to common questions, etc. … Overall this book is highly recommended for those wishing to get an overview of the biological applications of AFM.”Peter Eaton University of Porto, Portugal Reviews of the First Edition “This book fills an important niche by providing an introduction to AFM that will be understandable to a wide range of scientists … the reader is offered an introduction of sufficient brevity to actually be read and of sufficient depth to help in defining the potential uses of SPMs in his or her own research.” Scott Fraser (California Institute of Technology, USA) Nature Cell Biology “I found this book easy to read with clear, simple explanations of a complex topic. I think that the selection of the subjects treated in the book is sufficient for the non-specialist to understand both the basic concepts of the AFM and the production of AFM images in biological systems.”Microscopy and Analysis “… is an excellent introduction for anybody wishing to enter this field … In summary I would strongly recommend this book to any biologist planning on carrying out research using SPM imaging techniques and existing users in the field who wish to broaden their knowledge of SPM imaging and the research already carried out on common biological systems.”Drew Murray JPK Instruments, Berlin “This book provides an excellent survey of novel applications. It is nicely illustrated with numerous images from leading experts in the field. Clear descriptions of the apparatus and its basic principles are provided in a way accessible to students/scientists who do not have a strong physics background. It will be useful to biologists, but also non-biologists dealing with biosystems …”Prof Y F Dufrêne UCL, Belgium

Database Needs for Modeling and Simulation of Plasma Processing

Database Needs for Modeling and Simulation of Plasma Processing
  • Author : Panel on Database Needs in Plasma Processing,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-11-04
  • Total pages :61
  • ISBN : 9780309573535
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Summary : In spite of its high cost and technical importance, plasma equipment is still largely designed empirically, with little help from computer simulation. Plasma process control is rudimentary. Optimization of plasma reactor operation, including adjustments to deal with increasingly stringent controls on plant emissions, is performed predominantly by trial and error. There is now a strong and growing economic incentive to improve on the traditional methods of plasma reactor and process design, optimization, and control. An obvious strategy for both chip manufacturers and plasma equipment suppliers is to employ large-scale modeling and simulation. The major roadblock to further development of this promising strategy is the lack of a database for the many physical and chemical processes that occur in the plasma. The data that are currently available are often scattered throughout the scientific literature, and assessments of their reliability are usually unavailable. Database Needs for Modeling and Simulation of Plasma Processing identifies strategies to add data to the existing database, to improve access to the database, and to assess the reliability of the available data. In addition to identifying the most important needs, this report assesses the experimental and theoretical/computational techniques that can be used, or must be developed, in order to begin to satisfy these needs.