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Autonomous Robot-Aided Optical Manipulation for Biological Cells

Autonomous Robot-Aided Optical Manipulation for Biological Cells
  • Author : Mingyang Xie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-06-01
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9780128235928
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Summary : Autonomous Robot-Aided Optical Manipulation for Biological Cells gives a systematically and almost self-contained description of the many facets of modeling, sensing, and control techniques or experimentally exploring emerging trends in optical manipulation of biological cell in micro/nanorobotics systems. To achieve biomedical applications, reliability design, modeling, and precision control are vitally important for the development of engineering systems. With the advances in modeling, sensing, and control techniques, it is opportunistic to exploit them for the benefit of reliability design, actuation, and precision control of micro/nanomanipulation systems to expanding the applications of robot at the micro and nano scales, especially in biomedical engineering. This book presents new techniques in reliability modeling and advanced control of robot-aided optical manipulation of biological cells systems. The book will be beneficial to the researchers within robotics, mechatronics, biomedical engineering, and automatic control society, including both academic and industrial parts. Provides a series of latest results in, including but not limited to, design, sensing, actuation, modeling, and control of micro/nano manipulation system using optical tweezers Gives recent advances of theory, technological aspects, and applications of advanced sensing, actuation, modeling and control methodologies in biomedical engineering applications Offers simulation and experimental results in each chapter in order to reflect the biomedical engineering practice, yet demonstrate the main focus of the developed design, analysis and synthesis approaches

Microrobotic Biomanipulation and MEMS-assisted Biomembrane Mechanical Property Characterization

Microrobotic Biomanipulation and MEMS-assisted Biomembrane Mechanical Property Characterization
  • Author : Yu Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P008191678
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Summary :

Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA) for Young Scientists

Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA) for Young Scientists
  • Author : Alexei V. Samsonovich,Valentin V. Klimov,Galina V. Rybina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-15
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9783319325545
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Summary : This book presents cutting-edge research focused on current challenges towards the realization of Biologically Inspired intelligent agents, or Cognitive Architectures (BICA). The chapters are written by both world-recognized experts (including Antonio Chella, Olivier Georgeon, Oliver Kutz, Antonio Lieto, David Vernon, Paul Verschure, and others) and young researchers. Together, they constitute a good mixture of new findings with tutorial-based reviews and position papers, all presented at the First International Early Research Career Enhancement School on Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (FIERCES on BICA 2016), held April 21-24 in Moscow, Russia. Most works included here cross boundaries between disciplines: from neuroscience to social science, from cognitive science to robotics, and from bioengineering to artificial intelligence. A special emphasis is given to novel solutions to urgent problems that have been resisting traditional approaches for decades. Intended for providing readers with an update on biologically inspired approaches towards the computational replication of all the essential aspects of the human mind (the BICA Challenge), this book is expected to foster lively discussions on the topic and stimulate cross-disciplinary, cross-generation and cross-cultural collaboration.

2018 IEEE ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)

2018 IEEE ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM)
  • Author : IEEE Staff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-09
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1538618559
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Summary : The state of the art, new research results, perspectives of future developments, and innovative applications relevant to mechatronics, robotics, control, automation, and related areas

Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology

Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Frontiers at the Interface of Computing and Biology
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-01
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9780309096126
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Summary : Advances in computer science and technology and in biology over the last several years have opened up the possibility for computing to help answer fundamental questions in biology and for biology to help with new approaches to computing. Making the most of the research opportunities at the interface of computing and biology requires the active participation of people from both fields. While past attempts have been made in this direction, circumstances today appear to be much more favorable for progress. To help take advantage of these opportunities, this study was requested of the NRC by the National Science Foundation, the Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy. The report provides the basis for establishing cross-disciplinary collaboration between biology and computing including an analysis of potential impediments and strategies for overcoming them. The report also presents a wealth of examples that should encourage students in the biological sciences to look for ways to enable them to be more effective users of computing in their studies.

International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105016614393
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Summary :

New Trends in Medical and Service Robots

New Trends in Medical and Service Robots
  • Author : Doina Pisla,Hannes Bleuler,Aleksandar Rodic,Calin Vaida,Adrian Pisla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-06
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9783319015927
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Summary : This book contains mainly the selected papers of the First International Workshop on Medical and Service Robots, held in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in 2012. The high quality of the scientific contributions is the result of a rigorous selection and improvement based on the participants’ exchange of opinions and extensive peer-review. This process has led to the publishing of the present collection of 16 independent valuable contributions and points of view and not as standard symposium or conference proceedings. The addressed issues are: Computational Kinematics, Mechanism Design, Linkages and Manipulators, Mechanisms for Biomechanics, Mechanics of Robots, Control Issues for Mechanical Systems, Novel Designs, Teaching Methods, all of these being concentrated around robotic systems for medical and service applications. The results are of interest to researchers and professional practitioners as well as to Ph.D. students in the field of mechanical and electrical engineering. This volume marks the start of a subseries entitled “New Trends in Medical and Service Robots” within the Machine and Mechanism Science Series, presenting recent trends, research results and new challenges in the field of medical and service robotics.

Documentation Abstracts

Documentation Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015082969539
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Summary :

International Encyclopedia of Transportation

International Encyclopedia of Transportation
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-15
  • Total pages :4226
  • ISBN : 0081026714
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Summary : International Encyclopedia of Transportation emphasizes the interaction between the different aspects of research and aims to offer new solutions to understanding these problems. Through 9 volumes, the series takes a familiar dimension of work on transportation, bringing together the views of experts from different disciplinary perspectives. Each volume highlights aspects of work in many disciplinary fields, including engineering, operations research, economics, geography, and sociology to understand the changes taking place. Constraints on public budgets have led to increasing pressure on the private sector to fund improvements requiring new and innovative financial solutions. While there are clear differences in the nature of the pressures felt in developed and less developed economies, there is an increasing recognition that in all societies there are accessibility problems where certain groups become disadvantaged. While the problems are clearly multidimensional, research on transportation is often constrained by single disciplinary approaches, hence this book tries to overcome boundaries. Provides a forward looking and integrated approach to transportation Updated with future technological impacts, such as self-driving vehicles, cyber-physical systems and big data analytics Includes comprehensive coverage Presents a worldwide approach, including sets of comparative studies and applications

Aerospace Medicine and Biology

Aerospace Medicine and Biology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015023291720
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Summary :

Government Reports Annual Index

Government Reports Annual Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034740319
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Summary : Sections 1-2. Keyword Index.--Section 3. Personal author index.--Section 4. Corporate author index.-- Section 5. Contract/grant number index, NTIS order/report number index 1-E.--Section 6. NTIS order/report number index F-Z.

Bio-Inspired Innovation and National Security

Bio-Inspired Innovation and National Security
  • Author : National Defense University
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-01
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9781780390406
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Summary : Despite the vital importance of the emerging area of biotechnology and its role in defense planning and policymaking, no definitive book has been written on the topic for the defense policymaker, the military student, and the private-sector bioscientist interested in the "emerging opportunities market" of national security. This edited volume is intended to help close this gap and provide the necessary backdrop for thinking strategically about biology in defense planning and policymaking. This volume is about applications of the biological sciences, here called "biologically inspired innovations," to the military. Rather than treating biology as a series of threats to be dealt with, such innovations generally approach the biological sciences as a set of opportunities for the military to gain strategic advantage over adversaries. These opportunities rangefrom looking at everything from genes to brains, from enhancing human performance to creating renewable energy, from sensing the environment around us to harnessing its power.

Digital Surgery

Digital Surgery
  • Author : Sam Atallah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-01
  • Total pages :439
  • ISBN : 9783030491000
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Summary : ​This book provides a trove of insightful perspectives on the current state and the realization of digital surgery. Digital surgery entails the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning toward automation in robotic-assisted surgery. More generally, the objective is to digitally define the patient, the surgical field, and the surgical problem or task at hand; to operate based on information, rather than based on anatomic planes alone. But digital surgery has shapeshifted into other, equally intriguing faces – many of which are exemplified by topics throughout this book. Digital surgery is fundamental to 3D-printed organs, mind-controlled limbs, image-guided navigation, and tele-mentoring. It is the key that unlocks the metaphorical doorway to surgical access, thereby creating a global framework for surgical training, education, planning, and much more. This text provides methods of measurement and perception outside of the human umwelt – including the ability to visualize fields beyond the visible light spectrum, via near infrared fluorescent organic dyes which are rapidly being bioengineered to target specific tumors, as well as native anatomic structures of interest. Written by experts in the field, Digital Surgery is designed to help surgeons operate with an enriched understanding of an individual’s specific attributes: including the human phenome, physiome, microbiome, genome, and epigenome. It also aids surgeons in harnessing the power and fluidity of the cloud, which is emerging as a significant resource for surgeons both regionally and globally.

2016 12th IEEE ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA)

2016 12th IEEE ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA)
  • Author : IEEE Staff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-29
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1509061916
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Summary : Mechanical and electrical systems show an increasing integration of mechanics with electronics and information processing This integration is between the components (hardware) and the information driven functions (software), resulting in integrated systems called mechatronic systems The development of mechatronic systems involves finding an optimal balance between the basic mechanical structure, sensor and actuators, automatic digital information processing and control in which embedded systems play a key role

Experimental Robotics

Experimental Robotics
  • Author : Jaydev P. Desai,Gregory Dudek,Oussama Khatib,Vijay Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-09
  • Total pages :995
  • ISBN : 9783319000657
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Summary : The International Symposium on Experimental Robotics (ISER) is a series of bi-annual meetings, which are organized, in a rotating fashion around North America, Europe and Asia/Oceania. The goal of ISER is to provide a forum for research in robotics that focuses on novelty of theoretical contributions validated by experimental results. The meetings are conceived to bring together, in a small group setting, researchers from around the world who are in the forefront of experimental robotics research. This unique reference presents the latest advances across the various fields of robotics, with ideas that are not only conceived conceptually but also explored experimentally. It collects robotics contributions on the current developments and new directions in the field of experimental robotics, which are based on the papers presented at the 13the ISER held in Québec City, Canada, at the Fairmont Le Château Frontenac, on June 18-21, 2012. This present thirteenth edition of Experimental Robotics edited by Jaydev P. Desai, Gregory Dudek, Oussama Khatib, and Vijay Kumar offers a collection of a broad range of topics in field and human-centered robotics.

Mobile Microrobotics

Mobile Microrobotics
  • Author : Metin Sitti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-09
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9780262036436
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Summary : The first textbook on micron-scale mobile robotics, introducing the fundamentals of design, analysis, fabrication, and control, and drawing on case studies of existing approaches. Progress in micro- and nano-scale science and technology has created a demand for new microsystems for high-impact applications in healthcare, biotechnology, manufacturing, and mobile sensor networks. The new robotics field of microrobotics has emerged to extend our interactions and explorations to sub-millimeter scales. This is the first textbook on micron-scale mobile robotics, introducing the fundamentals of design, analysis, fabrication, and control, and drawing on case studies of existing approaches. The book covers the scaling laws that can be used to determine the dominant forces and effects at the micron scale; models forces acting on microrobots, including surface forces, friction, and viscous drag; and describes such possible microfabrication techniques as photo-lithography, bulk micromachining, and deep reactive ion etching. It presents on-board and remote sensing methods, noting that remote sensors are currently more feasible; studies possible on-board microactuators; discusses self-propulsion methods that use self-generated local gradients and fields or biological cells in liquid environments; and describes remote microrobot actuation methods for use in limited spaces such as inside the human body. It covers possible on-board powering methods, indispensable in future medical and other applications; locomotion methods for robots on surfaces, in liquids, in air, and on fluid-air interfaces; and the challenges of microrobot localization and control, in particular multi-robot control methods for magnetic microrobots. Finally, the book addresses current and future applications, including noninvasive medical diagnosis and treatment, environmental remediation, and scientific tools.

Japanese Technical Abstracts

Japanese Technical Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105024617115
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Summary :

Generalized Phase Contrast:

Generalized Phase Contrast:
  • Author : Jesper Glückstad,Darwin Palima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-20
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 9789048128396
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Summary : Generalized Phase Contrast elevates the phase contrast technique not only to improve phase imaging but also to cross over and interface with diverse and seemingly disparate fields of contemporary optics and photonics. This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the Generalized Phase Contrast (GPC) method including an overview of the range of current and potential applications of GPC in wavefront sensing and phase imaging, structured laser illumination and image projection, optical trapping and manipulation, and optical encryption and decryption. The GPC method goes further than the restrictive assumptions of conventional Zernike phase contrast analysis and achieves an expanded range of validity beyond weak phase perturbations. The generalized analysis yields design criteria for tuning experimental parameters to achieve optimal performance in terms of accuracy, fidelity and light efficiency. Optimization can address practical issues, such as finding an optimal spatial filter for the chosen application, and can even enable a Reverse Phase Contrast mode where intensity patterns are converted into a phase modulation.

Biologically Inspired Robotics

Biologically Inspired Robotics
  • Author : Yunhui Liu,Dong Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781439854976
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Summary : Robotic engineering inspired by biology—biomimetics—has many potential applications: robot snakes can be used for rescue operations in disasters, snake-like endoscopes can be used in medical diagnosis, and artificial muscles can replace damaged muscles to recover the motor functions of human limbs. Conversely, the application of robotics technology to our understanding of biological systems and behaviors—biorobotic modeling and analysis—provides unique research opportunities: robotic manipulation technology with optical tweezers can be used to study the cell mechanics of human red blood cells, a surface electromyography sensing system can help us identify the relation between muscle forces and hand movements, and mathematical models of brain circuitry may help us understand how the cerebellum achieves movement control. Biologically Inspired Robotics contains cutting-edge material—considerably expanded and with additional analysis—from the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO). These 16 chapters cover both biomimetics and biorobotic modeling/analysis, taking readers through an exploration of biologically inspired robot design and control, micro/nano bio-robotic systems, biological measurement and actuation, and applications of robotics technology to biological problems. Contributors examine a wide range of topics, including: A method for controlling the motion of a robotic snake The design of a bionic fitness cycle inspired by the jaguar The use of autonomous robotic fish to detect pollution A noninvasive brain-activity scanning method using a hybrid sensor A rehabilitation system for recovering motor function in human hands after injury Human-like robotic eye and head movements in human–machine interactions A state-of-the-art resource for graduate students and researchers.

Robotic Microassembly

Robotic Microassembly
  • Author : Michael Gauthier,Stephane Regnier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-14
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 1118060334
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Summary : Discover the latest models and methods for robotic microassembly from around the world This book presents and analyzes new and emerging models and methods developed around the world for robotic microassembly, a new and innovative way to produce better microsystems. By exploring everything from the physics of micromanipulation to microassembly to microhandling, it provides the first complete overview and review of this rapidly growing field. Robotic Microassembly is divided into three parts: Part One: Modeling of the Microworld Part Two: Handling Strategies Part Three: Robotic and Microassembly Together, these three parts feature eight chapters contributed by eight different authors. The authors, internationally recognized experts in the field of robotic microassembly, represent research laboratories in Asia, Europe, and North America. As a result, readers get a remarkable perspective on different approaches to robotic microassembly from around the world. Examples provided throughout the chapters help readers better understand how these different approaches work in practice. References at the end of each chapter lead to the primary literature for further investigation of individual topics. Robotic microassembly offers a new, improved way to manufacture high-performance microelectro-mechanical systems (MEMS). Therefore, any professional or student involved in microrobotics, micromechatronics, self-assembly or MEMS will find plenty of novel ideas and methods in this book that set the stage for new approaches to design and build the next generation of MEMS and microproducts.

Molecular Communication

Molecular Communication
  • Author : Tadashi Nakano,Andrew W. Eckford,Tokuko Haraguchi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-12
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9781107292383
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Summary : This comprehensive guide, by pioneers in the field, brings together, for the first time, everything a new researcher, graduate student or industry practitioner needs to get started in molecular communication. Written with accessibility in mind, it requires little background knowledge, and provides a detailed introduction to the relevant aspects of biology and information theory, as well as coverage of practical systems. The authors start by describing biological nanomachines, the basics of biological molecular communication and the microorganisms that use it. They then proceed to engineered molecular communication and the molecular communication paradigm, with mathematical models of various types of molecular communication and a description of the information and communication theory of molecular communication. Finally, the practical aspects of designing molecular communication systems are presented, including a review of the key applications. Ideal for engineers and biologists looking to get up to speed on the current practice in this growing field.