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Aviation Fuels

Aviation Fuels
  • Author : Bhupendra Khandelwal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-08-15
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 0128183144
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Summary : Aviation Fuels provides up-to-date data on fuel effects on combustion performance and use of alternative fuels in aircraft. This book covers the latest advances on aviation fuel technologies, including alternative fuels, feedstocks and manufacturing processes, combustion performance, chemical modeling, and the technical, environmental, economic and political challenges for implementing the use of alternative fuels for aviation. Aviation fuel and combustion researchers, academics, and program managers for aviation technologies will value this comprehensive overview and summary on the present status of aviation fuels. Presents an overview on all relevant fields of aviation fuels, including production, approval and combustion (including emissions) Discusses the environmental impacts and carbon footprint of alternative fuels Features a chapter on electric flight and how its implementation will impact the aviation industry

Aviation Fuels and Their Effects on Engine Performance

Aviation Fuels and Their Effects on Engine Performance
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1945
  • Total pages :75
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105025502753
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Summary :

National Annual Survey of Aviation Fuels, 1956

National Annual Survey of Aviation Fuels, 1956
  • Author : Oscar Carl Blade
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1957
  • Total pages :16
  • ISBN : UOM:39015078459982
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Summary :

Green Aviation

Green Aviation
  • Author : Emily S. Nelson,D.R. Reddy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-12
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9781136318191
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Summary : Aircraft emissions currently account for ~3.5% of all greenhouse gas emissions. The number of passenger miles has increased by 5% annually despite 9/11, two wars and gloomy economic conditions. Since aircraft have no viable alternative to the internal combustion engine, improvements in aircraft efficiency and alternative fuel development become essential. This book comprehensively covers the relevant issues in green aviation. Environmental impacts, technology advances, public policy and economics are intricately linked to the pace of development that will be realized in the coming decades. Experts from NASA, industry and academia review current technology development in green aviation that will carry the industry through 2025 and beyond. This includes increased efficiency through better propulsion systems, reduced drag airframes, advanced materials and operational changes. Clean combustion and emission control of noise, exhaust gases and particulates are also addressed through combustor design and the use of alternative fuels. Economic imperatives from aircraft lifetime and maintenance logistics dictate the drive for "drop-in" fuels, blending jet-grade and biofuel. New certification standards for alternative fuels are outlined. Life Cycle Assessments are used to evaluate worldwide biofuel approaches, highlighting that there is no single rational approach for sustainable buildup. In fact, unless local conditions are considered, the use of biofuels can create a net increase in environmental impact as a result of biofuel manufacturing processes. Governmental experts evaluate current and future regulations and their impact on green aviation. Sustainable approaches to biofuel development are discussed for locations around the globe, including the US, EU, Brazil, China and India.

Biofuels for Aviation

Biofuels for Aviation
  • Author : Christopher Chuck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-02
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9780128032152
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Summary : Biofuels for Aviation: Feedstocks, Technology and Implementation presents the issues surrounding the research and use of biofuels for aviation, such as policy, markets, certification and performance requirements, life cycle assessment, and the economic and technical barriers to their full implementation. Readers involved in bioenergy and aviation sectors—research, planning, or policy making activities—will benefit from this thorough overview. The aviation industry’s commitment to reducing GHG emissions along with increasing oil prices have sparked the need for renewable and affordable energy sources tailored to this sector’s very specific needs. As jet engines cannot be readily electrified, turning to biofuels is the most viable option. However, aviation is a type of transportation for which traditional biofuels, such as bioethanol and biodiesel, do not fulfill key fuel requirements. Therefore, different solutions to this situation are being researched and tested around the globe, which makes navigating this scenario particularly challenging. This book guides readers through this intricate subject, bringing them up to speed with its current status and future prospects both from the academic and the industry point of view. Science and technology chapters delve into the technical aspects of the currently tested and the most promising technology in development, as well as their respective feedstocks and the use of additives as a way of adapting them to meet certain specifications. Conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch are explored and their results are assessed for current and future viability. Presents the current status of biofuels for the aviation sector, including technologies that are currently in use and the most promising future technologies, their production processes and viability Explains the requirements for certification and performance of aviation fuels and how that can be achieved by biofuels Explores the economic and policy issues, as well as life cycle assessment, a comparative techno-economic analysis of promising technologies and a roadmap to the future Explores conversion processes such as hydrotreatment, synthetic biology, pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and Fisher-Tropsch

National Annual Survey of Aviation Gasoline and Aviation Jet Fuel

National Annual Survey of Aviation Gasoline and Aviation Jet Fuel
  • Author : O. C. Blade
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1953
  • Total pages :15
  • ISBN : UOM:39015078478461
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Summary :

Estimation of Net Enthalpies of Combustion of Some Aviation Fuel Expressed in the International System of Units (SI)

Estimation of Net Enthalpies of Combustion of Some Aviation Fuel Expressed in the International System of Units (SI)
  • Author : Ralph L. Nuttall,George Thomson Armstrong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :60
  • ISBN : UOM:39015086560078
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Summary :

Aviation Fuels

Aviation Fuels
  • Author : Maxwell Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :495
  • ISBN : 0854290923
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Summary : The properties of the fuels, the difficulties encountered during their storage and handling, and their behaviour in service.

Hydrogen as an Aviation Fuel

Hydrogen as an Aviation Fuel
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Astronautics. Subcommittee on Aeronautics and Space Technology
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1974
  • Total pages :26
  • ISBN : SRLF:A0000094813
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Summary :

Aviation Fuels Technology

Aviation Fuels Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985-11-11
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : 9781349069040
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Summary :

Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel

Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel
  • Author : Claudia Gutiérrez-Antonio,Araceli Guadalupe Romero-Izquierdo,Fernando Israel Gómez Castro,Salvador Hernández
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-22
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9780128231715
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Summary : Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel: Present Technologies and Future Trends presents the available production processes for renewable aviation fuel, including the application of intensification and energy integration strategies. Despite biofuels have gained a lot of interest in the last years, renewable aviation fuel is one of the less studied. In the last ten years, there has been an incredible growth in the number of patents and articles related with its production processes. Several transformation pathways have been proposed, and new ones have been outlined. The book contains the main information about the production processes of renewable aviation fuel, considering international standards, available technologies, and recent scientific contributions. It also outlines the motivation for the development of renewable aviation fuel, and its main processing pathways from the different renewable raw materials. In addition, the application of intensification and energy integration strategies is presented, along with the identified future trends in this area Includes the motivation for the development of renewable aviation fuel and applicable standards Describes the processing pathways from biomass to produce renewable aviation fuel Presents the application of intensification and energy integration strategies for the production of renewable aviation fuel The future trends in the production processes of renewable aviation fuel are discussed

Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety

Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-09-18
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 9780309058339
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Summary : The reduction of the fire hazard of fuel is critical to improving survivability in impact-survivable aircraft accidents. Despite current fire prevention and mitigation approaches, fuel flammability can overwhelm post-crash fire scenarios. The Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held November 19-20, 1996 to review the current state of development, technological needs, and promising technology for the future development of aviation fuels that are most resistant to ignition during a crash. This book contains a summary of workshop discussions and 11 presented papers in the areas of fuel and additive technologies, aircraft fuel system requirements, and the characterization of fuel fires.

Will Sustainability Fly?

Will Sustainability Fly?
  • Author : Mr Walter J Palmer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-28
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9781409430919
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Summary : International air and marine travel have been left to one side in past negotiations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, but unless something is done, emissions from this segment of the world economy will form a progressively larger percentage of the total, especially as emissions fall in other activities. Will Sustainability Fly? broadens and contextualizes the knowledge resource available to academics, policy makers, air industry leaders and stakeholders, and interested members of the public. The book focuses on fuel, providing background in technical and policy terms, from the broadest reliable sources of information available, for the necessary discourse on society's reaction to the evolving aviation emissions profile.

Jet Fuel Toxicology

Jet Fuel Toxicology
  • Author : Mark L. Witten,Errol Zeiger,Glenn David Ritchie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-30
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 9781439857724
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Summary : Currently serving as a resource for the National Center for Toxological Research in their work with the Gulf Coast oil spill, this book presents current research conducted primarily by the airforce on the toxic effects of JP-8 jet fuel on the pulmonary, immune, dermal, and nervous systems. In all, the book considers 13 toxicology studies

Aviation Fuels

Aviation Fuels
  • Author : Books, LLC
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05
  • Total pages :84
  • ISBN : 1155691954
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Summary : Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 23. Chapters: Kerosene, Avgas, Jet fuel, Zip fuel, Aviation fuel, Aviation biofuel, Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative, Microbial corrosion, JP-7, Aircraft fuel system, JP-8, Fuel System Icing Inhibitor, Blau gas, JP-5, JP-4, TH-dimer, JP-6, JPTS, JP-1. Excerpt: Avgas (aviation gasoline) is an aviation fuel used to power piston-engine aircraft. Avgas can be distinguished from mogas (motor gasoline), which is the everyday gasoline used in cars and some non-commercial light aircraft. Unlike mogas, avgas has added tetra-ethyl lead (TEL), a toxic substance used to enhance combustion stability. Avgas is used in aircraft that have piston or Wankel engines. Gas turbines are able to operate on avgas, but typically do not. Turbine and diesel engines are designed to use kerosene-based jet fuel. The main petroleum component used in blending avgas is alkylate, which is essentially a mixture of various isooctanes, and some refineries also use some reformate. Avgas has a density of 6.02 lb/U.S. gal at 15 C, or 0.721 kg/l, and this density is commonly used for weight and balance computation. Density increases to 6.40 lb/US gallon at -40 C, and decreases by about 0.5% per 5 C (9 F) increase in temperature. Avgas has an emission coefficient (or factor) of 18.355 pounds CO2 per U.S. gallon (2.1994 kg/l) or about 3.05 units of weight CO2 produced per unit weight of fuel used. Avgas has a lower and more uniform vapor pressure than automotive gasoline, which keeps it in the liquid state at high-altitude, preventing vapor lock. The particular mixtures in use today are the same as when they were first developed in the 1940s, and were used in airline and military aero engines with high levels of boost supercharging; notably the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine used in the Spitfire and Hurricane fighters, Mosquito fighter-bomber and Lancaster ...

Aircraft Fuel Systems

Aircraft Fuel Systems
  • Author : Roy Langton,Chuck Clark,Martin Hewitt,Lonnie Richards
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-18
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9780470059463
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Summary : All aspects of fuel products and systems including fuel handling, quantity gauging and management functions for both commercial (civil) and military applications. The fuel systems on board modern aircraft are multi-functional, fully integrated complex networks. They are designed to provide a proper and reliable management of fuel resources throughout all phases of operation, notwithstanding changes in altitude or speed, as well as to monitor system functionality and advise the flight crew of any operational anomalies that may develop. Collates together a wealth of information on fuel system design that is currently disseminated throughout the literature. Authored by leading industry experts from Airbus and Parker Aerospace. Includes chapters on basic system functions, features and functions unique to military aircraft, fuel handling, fuel quantity gauging and management, fuel systems safety and fuel systems design and development. Accompanied by a companion website housing a MATLAB/SIMULINK model of a modern aircraft fuel system that allows the user to set up flight conditions, investigate the effects of equipment failures and virtually fly preset missions. Aircraft Fuel Systems provides a timely and invaluable resource for engineers, project and programme managers in the equipment supply and application communities, as well as for graduate and postgraduate students of mechanical and aerospace engineering. It constitutes an invaluable addition to the established Wiley Aerospace Series.

Aviation Gasoline Manufacture

Aviation Gasoline Manufacture
  • Author : Matthew Van Winkle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1944
  • Total pages :275
  • ISBN : WISC:89052928496
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Summary :

The Development of Piston Aero Engines

The Development of Piston Aero Engines
  • Author : Bill Gunston
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :231
  • ISBN : 0750944781
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Summary : Bill Gunston takes a thorough look at the theory, history, development and application of piston aero engines, from those used by the Wright Brothers for their pioneering flights right up to the small engines fitted to micro lights today. Illustrated throughout, this classic aviation title is available in paperback for the first time.

Biofuels

Biofuels
  • Author : Krzysztof Biernat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-30
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 9789535121770
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Summary : The edited volume presents the progress of first and second generation biofuel production technology in selected countries. Possibility of producing alternative fuels containing biocomponents and selected research methods of biofuels exploitation characteristics (also aviation fuels) was characterized. The book shows also some aspects of the environmental impact of the production and biofuels using, and describes perspectives of biofuel production technology development. It provides the review of biorefinery processes with a particular focus on pretreatment methods of selected primary and secondary raw materials. The discussion includes also a possibility of sustainable development of presented advanced biorefinery processes.

Sustainable Aviation

Sustainable Aviation
  • Author : Thomas Walker,Angela Stefania Bergantino,Northrop Sprung-Much,Luisa Loiacono
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-08
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9783030286613
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Summary : This book highlights the latest research in the field of Sustainable Aviation. In recent decades, there have been considerable improvements in aircraft efficiency and noise reduction. However, with the demand for both passenger and freight transportation expected to increase significantly in future years, the aviation sector is becoming a growing source of environmental problems and a major contributor to global warming. Focusing on the need to address this mounting problem, this book discusses important new trends and outlines likely future developments in carbon emission reduction, carbon trading, and the impact of emerging technologies, as well as social, legal, and regulatory changes as they pertain to the aviation sector. The book offers an invaluable reference guide for practitioners, regulators, academics, and students alike, in fields ranging from business and engineering to the social sciences. It can be used as a textbook, and will benefit anyone interested in the future of aviation and our planet.

Evaporation Losses of Aviation Gasoline in Standing Storage

Evaporation Losses of Aviation Gasoline in Standing Storage
  • Author : Peter Grandone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1943
  • Total pages :19
  • ISBN : UOM:39015078537175
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Summary :