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Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics

Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics
  • Author : King-Hay Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-22
  • Total pages :748
  • ISBN : 9780128098325
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Summary : Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics provides a unique introduction to finite element methods. Unlike other books on the topic, this comprehensive reference teaches readers to develop a finite element model from the beginning, including all the appropriate theories that are needed throughout the model development process. In addition, the book focuses on how to apply material properties and loading conditions to the model, how to arrange the information in the order of head, neck, upper torso and upper extremity, lower torso and pelvis and lower extremity. The book covers scaling from one body size to the other, parametric modeling and joint positioning, and is an ideal text for teaching, further reading and for its unique application to injury biomechanics. With over 25 years of experience of developing finite element models, the author's experience with tissue level injury threshold instead of external loading conditions provides a guide to the "do’s and dont's" of using finite element method to study injury biomechanics. Covers the fundamentals and applications of the finite element method in injury biomechanics Teaches readers model development through a hands-on approach that is ideal for students and researchers Includes different modeling schemes used to model different parts of the body, including related constitutive laws and associated material properties

Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System
  • Author : Ming Zhang,Yubo Fan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-11
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9781466588035
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Summary : Computational biomechanics is an emerging research field that seeks to understand the complex biomechanical behaviors of normal and pathological human joints to come up with new methods of orthopedic treatment and rehabilitation. Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System collects the latest research and cutting-edge techniques used in computational biomechanics, focusing on orthopedic and rehabilitation engineering applications. The book covers state-of-the-art techniques and the latest research related to computational biomechanics, in particular finite element analysis and its potential applications in orthopedics and rehabilitation engineering. It offers a glimpse into the exciting potentials for computational modeling in medical research and biomechanical simulation. The book is organized according to anatomical location—foot and ankle, knee, hip, spine, and head and teeth. Each chapter details the scientific questions/medical problems addressed by modeling, basic anatomy of the body part, computational model development and techniques used, related experimental studies for model setup and validation, and clinical applications. Plenty of useful biomechanical information is provided for a variety of applications, especially for the optimal design of body support devices and prosthetic implants. This book is an excellent resource for engineering students and young researchers in bioengineering. Clinicians involved in orthopedics and rehabilitation engineering may find this work to be both informative and highly relevant to their clinical practice.

Biomechanics of the Brain

Biomechanics of the Brain
  • Author : Karol Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-08
  • Total pages :353
  • ISBN : 9783030049966
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Summary : This new edition presents an authoritative account of the current state of brain biomechanics research for engineers, scientists and medical professionals. Since the first edition in 2011, this topic has unquestionably entered into the mainstream of biomechanical research. The book brings together leading scientists in the diverse fields of anatomy, neuroimaging, image-guided neurosurgery, brain injury, solid and fluid mechanics, mathematical modelling and computer simulation to paint an inclusive picture of the rapidly evolving field. Covering topics from brain anatomy and imaging to sophisticated methods of modeling brain injury and neurosurgery (including the most recent applications of biomechanics to treat epilepsy), to the cutting edge methods in analyzing cerebrospinal fluid and blood flow, this book is the comprehensive reference in the field. Experienced researchers as well as students will find this book useful.

Trauma Biomechanics

Trauma Biomechanics
  • Author : Kai-Uwe Schmitt,Peter F. Niederer,Duane S. Cronin,Barclay Morrison III,Markus H. Muser,Felix Walz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-02
  • Total pages :287
  • ISBN : 9783030116590
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Summary : This well-established book on injury biomechanics has been extensively revised and expanded for this new edition. It now includes a fundamental treatment of the mechanics at a cellular level, written by the new coauthor Prof. Barclay Morrison III from Columbia University. Furthermore, considerably more attention is paid to computer modeling, and in particular modeling the human body. The book addresses a wide range of topics in injury biomechanics, including anatomy, injury classification, injury mechanisms, and injury criteria. Further, it provides essential information on regional injury reference values, or injury criteria, that are either currently in use or proposed by both US and European communities. Although the book is intended as an introduction for doctors and engineers who are newcomers to the field of injury biomechanics, sufficient references are provided for those who wish to conduct further research, and even established researchers will find it useful as a reference guide to the biomechanical background of each proposed injury mechanism and injury criterion.

Crashworthiness

Crashworthiness
  • Author : Jorge A.C. Ambrosio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-04
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9783709125724
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Summary : From the fundamentals of impact mechanics and biomechanics to modern analysis and design techniques in impact energy management and occupant protection this book provides an overview of the application of nonlinear finite elements, conceptual modeling and multibody procedures, impact biomechanics, injury mechanisms, occupant mathematical modeling, and human surrogates in crashworthiness.

Accidental Injury

Accidental Injury
  • Author : Narayan Yoganandan,Alan M. Nahum,John W. Melvin,The Medical College of Wisconsin Inc
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-17
  • Total pages :851
  • ISBN : 9781493917327
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Summary : This book provides a state-of-the-art look at the applied biomechanics of accidental injury and prevention. The editors, Drs. Narayan Yoganandan, Alan M. Nahum and John W. Melvin are recognized international leaders and researchers in injury biomechanics, prevention and trauma medicine. They have assembled renowned researchers as authors for 29 chapters to cover individual aspects of human injury assessment and prevention. This third edition is thoroughly revised and expanded with new chapters in different fields. Topics covered address automotive, aviation, military and other environments. Field data collection; injury coding/scaling; injury epidemiology; mechanisms of injury; human tolerance to injury; simulations using experimental, complex computational models (finite element modeling) and statistical processes; anthropomorphic test device design, development and validation for crashworthiness applications in topics cited above; and current regulations are covered. Risk functions and injury criteria for various body regions are included. Adult and pediatric populations are addressed. The exhaustive list of references in many areas along with the latest developments is valuable to all those involved or intend to pursue this important topic on human injury biomechanics and prevention. The expanded edition will interest a variety of scholars and professionals including physicians, biomedical researchers in many disciplines, basic scientists, attorneys and jurists involved in accidental injury cases and governmental bodies. It is hoped that this book will foster multidisciplinary collaborations by medical and engineering researchers and academicians and practicing physicians for injury assessment and prevention and stimulate more applied research, education and training in the field of accidental-injury causation and prevention.

Applied Mechanics Reviews

Applied Mechanics Reviews
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435051265205
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Summary :

IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications

IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications
  • Author : M. D. Gilchrist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-30
  • Total pages :489
  • ISBN : 9781402037962
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Summary : This book contains the edited papers of the IUTAM Symposium on the Biomechanics of Impact, which was held in University College Dublin, Ireland in July 2005. These papers can be grouped into those that are concerned with the different causes of accidents (e.g., transport, occupational and sports injuries), the mechanics involved in accident analysis (e.g., accident investigation, computational modelling techniques), the different types of resulting traumatic injuries (including musculoskeletal, organ, spinal and head injuries), methods of assessing the extent of injury (e.g., injury assessment, injury criteria, constitutive laws for human tissue), and providing protection during an impact (e.g., injury prevention, energy absorption materials, and safety devices). Researchers active in the area of biomechanics will find the book very useful in addressing recent developments in these areas.

Pediatric Injury Biomechanics

Pediatric Injury Biomechanics
  • Author : Jeff R. Crandall,Barry S. Myers,David F. Meaney,Salena Zellers Schmidtke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-15
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9781461441540
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Summary : Pediatric Injury Biomechanics: Archive and Textbook consolidates and describes the current state of the art in pediatric injury biomechanics research in the automotive crash environment. Written by the most respected scientists in the field, the objective of this ground-breaking project is to provide a comprehensive archive and analysis of pediatric injury biomechanics research; to be the go-to reference for the epidemiology of motor vehicle related childhood injury data, pediatric anthropometry, pediatric biomechanical properties, tissue tolerance, and computational models. This book provides essential information needed by researchers working in the field of pediatric injury including those involved in rulemaking activities, injury criteria development, child dummy development, and child injury interventions development. In addition to the text, a companion archive will include valuable information and tools to assist in the identification of gaps in research and future research directions.This living document will be regularly updated with current research and advancements in pediatric injury biomechanics.

Biomechanics of Living Organs

Biomechanics of Living Organs
  • Author : Yohan Payan,Jacques Ohayon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-01
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128040607
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Summary : Biomechanics of Living Organs: Hyperelastic Constitutive Laws for Finite Element Modeling is the first book to cover finite element biomechanical modeling of each organ in the human body. This collection of chapters from the leaders in the field focuses on the constitutive laws for each organ. Each author introduces the state-of-the-art concerning constitutive laws and then illustrates the implementation of such laws with Finite Element Modeling of these organs. The focus of each chapter is on instruction, careful derivation and presentation of formulae, and methods. When modeling tissues, this book will help users determine modeling parameters and the variability for particular populations. Chapters highlight important experimental techniques needed to inform, motivate, and validate the choice of strain energy function or the constitutive model. Remodeling, growth, and damage are all covered, as is the relationship of constitutive relationships of organs to tissue and molecular scale properties (as net organ behavior depends fundamentally on its sub components). This book is intended for professionals, academics, and students in tissue and continuum biomechanics. Covers hyper elastic frameworks for large tissue deformations Considers which strain energy functions are the most appropriate to model the passive and active states of living tissue Evaluates the physical meaning of proposed energy functions

Trauma Biomechanics

Trauma Biomechanics
  • Author : Kai-Uwe Schmitt,Peter F. Niederer,Markus H. Muser,Felix Walz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-09
  • Total pages :173
  • ISBN : 9783662054482
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Summary : The 2004 World Health Day is dedicated to the theme of road safety by the World Health Organization (WHO) due mostly to the enormous socio economic costs attributed to trafik accidents. More than 140,000 people are injured, 3,000 killed, and 15,000 disabled for life everyday on the world's roads. The field of trauma biomechanics, or injury biomechanics, uses the principles of mechanics to study the response and tolerance level of biological tissues under extreme loading conditions. Through an understanding of mechanical factors that influence the function and structure of human tissues, countermeasures can be developed to alleviate or even eliminate such injuries. This book, Trauma-Biomechanics, surveys a wide variety of topics in injury biomechanics including anatomy, injury c1assification, injury mechanism, and injury criteria. It is the first collection I am aware of that lists regional injury reference values, or injury criterion, either currently in use or proposed by both U. S. and European communities. Although the book is meant to be an introduction for medical doctors and engineers who are beginners in the field of injury biomechanics, sufficient references are provided for those who wish to conduct further research, and even established researchers will find it useful as a reference for finding the biomechanical background of each proposed injury mechanism and injury criterion.

Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma

Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma
  • Author : Narayan Yoganandan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :743
  • ISBN : 9051993692
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Summary : Responding to the trend toward sustainable living, "Recipes and Tips for Sustainable Living" helps you make delicious food using natural ingredients. Inside this lushly illustrated volume, you'll find: Tips and techniques to grow and harvest natural, organic foods in and around your home. More than 80 mouth-watering recipes for cooking those ingredients. Tips on preservation and storage of your harvest. Health benefits of natural, organic ingredients. Chapters cover: Gardening - Heirloom gardening, container gardening, herbs and preserving. Beyond the Garden - Foraging, beekeeping, poultry and eggs. Wood and Water - Venison, wild turkey, duck, quail, small game, seafood and fish.

Journal of Applied Mechanics

Journal of Applied Mechanics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015010488644
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Summary :

Biological Systems and Materials

Biological Systems and Materials
  • Author : Chang Hui Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-28
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9783038264859
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Summary : Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials (MBSM 2014), April 1-2, 2014, Seoul, South Korea. The 48 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Dynamics and Mechanics in Biological Systems, Chapter 2: Materials Science and Materials Processing Technology, Chapter 3: Applied Mechanics, Chapter 4: Bio-medical Application Research, Chapter 5: Design, Modeling and Simulation, Chapter 6: Computing and Information Technology, Chapter 7: Management and Environmental Application

Stapp Car Crash Journal

Stapp Car Crash Journal
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058903785
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Summary :

Finite Element Analysis for Biomedical Engineering Applications

Finite Element Analysis for Biomedical Engineering Applications
  • Author : Z. C. Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-14
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9780429592157
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Summary : Finite element analysis has been widely applied to study biomedical problems. This book aims to simulate some common medical problems using finite element advanced technologies, which establish a base for medical researchers to conduct further investigations. This book consists of four main parts: (1) bone, (2) soft tissues, (3) joints, and (4) implants. Each part starts with the structure and function of the biology and then follows the corresponding finite element advanced features, such as anisotropic nonlinear material, multidimensional interpolation, XFEM, fiber enhancement, UserHyper, porous media, wear, and crack growth fatigue analysis. The final section presents some specific biomedical problems, such as abdominal aortic aneurysm, intervertebral disc, head impact, knee contact, and SMA cardiovascular stent. All modeling files are attached in the appendixes of the book. This book will be helpful to graduate students and researchers in the biomedical field who engage in simulations of biomedical problems. The book also provides all readers with a better understanding of current advanced finite element technologies. Details finite element modeling of bone, soft tissues, joints, and implants Presents advanced finite element technologies, such as fiber enhancement, porous media, wear, and crack growth fatigue analysis Discusses specific biomedical problems, such as abdominal aortic aneurysm, intervertebral disc, head impact, knee contact, and SMA cardiovascular stent Explains principles for modeling biology Provides various descriptive modeling files

Advances in Bioengineering

Advances in Bioengineering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036042752
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Summary :

A Finite Element Head Injury Model. Volume I: Theory, Development, and Results. Final Report

A Finite Element Head Injury Model. Volume I: Theory, Development, and Results. Final Report
  • Author : T. A. Shugar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : UOM:39015075350721
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Summary :

A Non-linear Hierarchical Model of Stretch-induced Injury to Skeletal Muscle Fibers

A Non-linear Hierarchical Model of Stretch-induced Injury to Skeletal Muscle Fibers
  • Author : Mark L. Palmer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058863468
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Summary :

Technical Literature Abstracts

Technical Literature Abstracts
  • Author : Society of Automotive Engineers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047750636
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Summary :

Human Biomechanics and Injury Prevention

Human Biomechanics and Injury Prevention
  • Author : J. Kajzer,E. Tanaka,H. Yamada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9784431669678
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Summary : Human biomechanics is an important research field in achieving safety, health, comfort, and a high quality of life in a world where the older generation soon will outnumber the younger generation. Recently there have been significant developments in this new field ofresearch, addressing such issues as injury prevention in various types of accidents, the causes of human bodily dysfunction, function recovery through medical care and training, and func tional reinforcement by sports. These issues are studied on the basis of the biomechanics of the cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. To achieve the aim of providing support for better lives from the aspect of mechanical engineering, the Human Life Support Biomechanics Endowed Chair at the Graduate School of Engineering at Nagoya University was established more than 3 years ago with a donation from the Toyota Motor Corporation. Since that time, we have been conducting intensive research in the field as well as trying to publicize our work in Japan. The results of our research have been presented at conferences both at home and abroad. We have also en deavored to underscore the importance of the field by organizing symposiums with carefully designed programs.