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Basics in Human Evolution

Basics in Human Evolution
  • Author : Michael P Muehlenbein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-24
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9780128026939
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Summary : Basics in Human Evolution offers a broad view of evolutionary biology and medicine. The book is written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field. From evolutionary theory, to cultural evolution, this book fills gaps in the readers’ knowledge from various backgrounds and introduces them to thought leaders in human evolution research. Offers comprehensive coverage of the wide ranging field of human evolution Written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field Provides expertise from leading minds in the field Allows the reader the ability to gain exposure to various topics in one publication

Exam Prep for: Basics in Human Evolution

Exam Prep for: Basics in Human Evolution
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Evolution: The Basics

Evolution: The Basics
  • Author : Sherrie Lyons
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-27
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781136666049
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Summary : Evolution: The Basics is an engaging introduction to the history, development and science of the theory of evolution. Beginning pre-Darwin and concluding with the latest research and controversies, readers are introduced to the origins of the idea of evolution, the ways in which it has developed and been adapted over time and the science underpinning it all. Topics addressed include: • early theories of evolution • the impact of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species • the discovery of genetics and Mendel’s experiments • molecular evolution and the discovery of DNA • the expansion of life and the persistence of disease • revisiting evolutionary ethics and the development of empathy. Evolution: The Basics examines the role of evolution in current debates and discusses the possible future developments in the field. This book is invaluable reading for all students and individuals seeking to understand the wide ranging sphere of evolutionary theory.

Human Evolutionary Psychology

Human Evolutionary Psychology
  • Author : Louise Barrett,Robin Dunbar,John Lycett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-02-17
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780691096223
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Summary : Why do people resort to plastic surgery to look young? Why are stepchildren at greatest risk of fatal abuse? Why do we prefer gossip to algebra? Why must Dogon wives live alone in a dark hut for five days a month? Why are young children good at learning language but not sharing? Over the past decade, psychologists and behavioral ecologists have been finding answers to such seemingly unrelated questions by applying an evolutionary perspective to the study of human behavior and psychology. Human Evolutionary Psychology is a comprehensive, balanced, and readable introduction to this burgeoning field. It combines a sophisticated understanding of the basics of evolutionary theory with a solid grasp of empirical case studies. Covering not only such traditional subjects as kin selection and mate choice, this text also examines more complex understandings of marriage practices and inheritance rules and the way in which individual action influences the structure of societies and aspects of cultural evolution. It critically assesses the value of evolutionary explanations to humans in both modern Western society and traditional preindustrial societies. And it fairly presents debates within the field, identifying areas of compatibility among sometimes competing approaches. Combining a broad scope with the more in-depth knowledge and sophisticated understanding needed to approach the primary literature, this text is the ideal introduction to the exciting and rapidly expanding study of human evolutionary psychology.

How We Do It

How We Do It
  • Author : Robert Martin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780465037841
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Summary : Despite our seemingly endless fascination with sex and parenting, the origins of our reproductive lives remain a mystery. Why are a quarter of a billion sperm cells needed to fertilize one egg? Are women really fertile for only a few days each month? How long should women breast-feed? In How We Do It, primatologist Robert Martin draws on forty years of research to locate the origins of everything from sex cells to baby care—and to reveal what's really “natural” when it comes to making and raising babies. He acknowledges that although it's not realistic to reproduce like our ancestors did, there are surprising consequences to behavior we take for granted, such as bottle feeding, cesarean sections, and in vitro fertilization. How We Do It shows that once we understand our evolutionary past, we can consider what worked, what didn't, and what it all means for the future of our species.

Human Physiology, Biochemistry and Basic Medicine

Human Physiology, Biochemistry and Basic Medicine
  • Author : Laurence A. Cole,Peter R. Kramer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-13
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780128037171
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Summary : Human Physiology, Biochemistry and Basic Medicine is a unique perspective that draws together human biology, physiology, biochemistry, nutrition, and cell biology in one comprehensive volume. In this way, it is uniquely qualified to address the needs of the emerging field of humanology, a holistic approach to understanding the biology of humans and how they are distinguished from other animals. Coverage starts with human anatomy and physiology and the details of the workings of all parts of the male and female body. Next, coverage of human biochemistry and how sugars, fats, and amino acids are made and digested is discussed, as is human basic medicine, covering the science of diseases and human evolution and pseudo-evolution. The book concludes with coverage of basic human nutrition, diseases, and treatments, and contains broad coverage that will give the reader an understanding of the entire human picture. Covers the physiology, anatomy, nutrition, biochemistry and cell biology of humans, showing how they are distinguished from other animals Includes medical literature and internet references, example test questions, and a list of pertinent words at the end of each chapter Provides unique perspective into all aspects of what makes up and controls humans

The Basics of Evolution

The Basics of Evolution
  • Author : Anne Wanjie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-15
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : 9781477705629
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Summary : This compelling text examines evolution, its definition, the scientific evidence that evolution has taken place, natural selection, Darwin's Origin of Species, genetics and evolution, population genetics, patterns in evolution and species concepts, the story of life and geological time, and human evolution. The easy-to-follow narrative offers students additional biological information in sidebars, such as "Closeup" boxes that give details about main concepts, "Try This" boxes that provide safe experiments for readers to perform, "What Do You Think?" panels that challenge students' reading comprehension, "Applications" boxes that describe how biological knowledge improves daily life, "Red Herring" boxes that profile failed theories, "Hot Debate" panels that spotlight the disagreements and discussions that rage in the biological sciences, and "Genetic Perspective" boxes that summarize the latest genetic research. The text serves as a must-have resource on modern thinking about evolution and the history of evolutionary theories.

A Story of Us

A Story of Us
  • Author : Lesley Newson,Peter Richerson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780190883201
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Summary : Changes in the environment drive evolution, and evidence suggests that our ancestors evolved to use cultural adaptations to survive environmental fluctuations of great severity. In A Story of Us, Lesley Newson and Peter Richerson explain the evidence and ideas that provide an account of how they coped, using short descriptive stories to illustrate life at different stages of our evolutionary history.

Evolution

Evolution
  • Author : James A. Shapiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-08
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780132780995
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Summary : James A. Shapiro proposes an important new paradigm for understanding biological evolution, the core organizing principle of biology. Shapiro introduces crucial new molecular evidence that tests the conventional scientific view of evolution based on the neo-Darwinian synthesis, shows why this view is inadequate to today's evidence, and presents a compelling alternative view of the evolutionary process that reflects the shift in life sciences towards a more information- and systems-based approach in Evolution: A View from the 21st Century. Shapiro integrates advances in symbiogenesis, epigenetics, and saltationism into a unified approach that views evolutionary change as an active cell process, regulated epigenetically and capable of making rapid large changes by horizontal DNA transfer, inter-specific hybridization, whole genome doubling, symbiogenesis, or massive genome restructuring. Evolution marshals extensive evidence in support of a fundamental reinterpretation of evolutionary processes, including more than 1,100 references to the scientific literature. Shapiro's work will generate extensive discussion throughout the biological community, and may significantly change your own thinking about how life has evolved. It also has major implications for evolutionary computation, information science, and the growing synthesis of the physical and biological sciences.

The 10,000 Year Explosion

The 10,000 Year Explosion
  • Author : Gregory Cochran,Henry Harpending
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-27
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780786727506
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Summary : Resistance to malaria. Blue eyes. Lactose tolerance. What do all of these traits have in common? Every one of them has emerged in the last 10,000 years. Scientists have long believed that the “great leap forward” that occurred some 40,000 to 50,000 years ago in Europe marked end of significant biological evolution in humans. In this stunningly original account of our evolutionary history, top scholars Gregory Cochran and Henry Harpending reject this conventional wisdom and reveal that the human species has undergone a storm of genetic change much more recently. Human evolution in fact accelerated after civilization arose, they contend, and these ongoing changes have played a pivotal role in human history. They argue that biology explains the expansion of the Indo-Europeans, the European conquest of the Americas, and European Jews' rise to intellectual prominence. In each of these cases, the key was recent genetic change: adult milk tolerance in the early Indo-Europeans that allowed for a new way of life, increased disease resistance among the Europeans settling America, and new versions of neurological genes among European Jews. Ranging across subjects as diverse as human domestication, Neanderthal hybridization, and IQ tests, Cochran and Harpending's analysis demonstrates convincingly that human genetics have changed and can continue to change much more rapidly than scientists have previously believed. A provocative and fascinating new look at human evolution that turns conventional wisdom on its head, The 10,000 Year Explosion reveals the ongoing interplay between culture and biology in the making of the human race.

Shaping Humanity

Shaping Humanity
  • Author : John Gurche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-26
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9780300182026
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Summary : Describes the process by which the author uses knowledge of fossil discoveries and comparative ape and human anatomy to create forensically accurate representations of human beings' ancient ancestors.

The Stockholm Paradigm

The Stockholm Paradigm
  • Author : Daniel R. Brooks,Eric P. Hoberg,Walter A. Boeger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780226632445
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Summary : The contemporary crisis of emerging disease has been a century and a half in the making. Human, veterinary, and crop health practitioners convinced themselves that disease could be controlled by medicating the sick, vaccinating those at risk, and eradicating the parts of the biosphere responsible for disease transmission. Evolutionary biologists assured themselves that coevolution between pathogens and hosts provided a firewall against disease emergence in new hosts. Most climate scientists made no connection between climate changes and disease. None of these traditional perspectives anticipated the onslaught of emerging infectious diseases confronting humanity today. As this book reveals, a new understanding of the evolution of pathogen-host systems, called the Stockholm Paradigm, explains what is happening. The planet is a minefield of pathogens with preexisting capacities to infect susceptible but unexposed hosts, needing only the opportunity for contact. Climate change has always been the major catalyst for such new opportunities, because it disrupts local ecosystem structure and allows pathogens and hosts to move. Once pathogens expand to new hosts, novel variants may emerge, each with new infection capacities. Mathematical models and real-world examples uniformly support these ideas. Emerging disease is thus one of the greatest climate change-related threats confronting humanity. Even without deadly global catastrophes on the scale of the 1918 Spanish Influenza pandemic, emerging diseases cost humanity more than a trillion dollars per year in treatment and lost productivity. But while time is short, the danger is great, and we are largely unprepared, the Stockholm Paradigm offers hope for managing the crisis. By using the DAMA (document, assess, monitor, act) protocol, we can "anticipate to mitigate" emerging disease, buying time and saving money while we search for more effective ways to cope with this challenge.

The Complete World of Human Evolution

The Complete World of Human Evolution
  • Author : Chris Stringer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-26
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : 1973896710
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Summary : The Complete World of Human Evolution By Chris Stringer

Human Evolutionary Biology

Human Evolutionary Biology
  • Author : Michael P. Muehlenbein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-29
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139789004
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Summary : Wide-ranging and inclusive, this text provides an invaluable review of an expansive selection of topics in human evolution, variation and adaptability for professionals and students in biological anthropology, evolutionary biology, medical sciences and psychology. The chapters are organized around four broad themes, with sections devoted to phenotypic and genetic variation within and between human populations, reproductive physiology and behavior, growth and development, and human health from evolutionary and ecological perspectives. An introductory section provides readers with the historical, theoretical and methodological foundations needed to understand the more complex ideas presented later. Two hundred discussion questions provide starting points for class debate and assignments to test student understanding.

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science
  • Author : National Academy of Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Working Group on Teaching Evolution
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-04-06
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 0309185416
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Summary : Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.

The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
  • Author : Charles Darwin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1897
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822000639062
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Summary :

The Food of the Gods and How it Came to Earth

The Food of the Gods and How it Came to Earth
  • Author : H. G. Wells
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-21
  • Total pages :363
  • ISBN : 9781473349438
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Summary : "The Food of the Gods and How It Came to Earth" is a 1904 science fiction novel by H. G. Wells about a band of scientists who engineer a type of food that increases the growth rate of children. However, not all goes to plan as their subjects become monstrously huge when they finally reach adulthood. This volume will appeal to lovers of classic science fiction, and it is not to be missed by fans of Wells' seminal work. Herbert George Wells (1866 - 1946) was a prolific English writer who wrote in a variety of genres, including the novel, politics, history, and social commentary. Today, he is perhaps best remembered for his contributions to the science fiction genre, thanks to such novels as "The Time Machine" (1895), "The Invisible Man" (1897), and "The War of the Worlds" (1898). Although never a winner, Wells was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature a total of four times. Many vintage books such as this are becoming increasingly scarce and expensive. We are republishing this book now in an affordable, modern, high-quality edition complete with a specially commissioned new biography of the author.

An Introduction to Statistical Genetic Data Analysis

An Introduction to Statistical Genetic Data Analysis
  • Author : Melinda C. Mills,Nicola Barban,Felix C. Tropf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-18
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780262538381
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Summary : A comprehensive introduction to modern applied statistical genetic data analysis, accessible to those without a background in molecular biology or genetics. Human genetic research is now relevant beyond biology, epidemiology, and the medical sciences, with applications in such fields as psychology, psychiatry, statistics, demography, sociology, and economics. With advances in computing power, the availability of data, and new techniques, it is now possible to integrate large-scale molecular genetic information into research across a broad range of topics. This book offers the first comprehensive introduction to modern applied statistical genetic data analysis that covers theory, data preparation, and analysis of molecular genetic data, with hands-on computer exercises. It is accessible to students and researchers in any empirically oriented medical, biological, or social science discipline; a background in molecular biology or genetics is not required. The book first provides foundations for statistical genetic data analysis, including a survey of fundamental concepts, primers on statistics and human evolution, and an introduction to polygenic scores. It then covers the practicalities of working with genetic data, discussing such topics as analytical challenges and data management. Finally, the book presents applications and advanced topics, including polygenic score and gene-environment interaction applications, Mendelian Randomization and instrumental variables, and ethical issues. The software and data used in the book are freely available and can be found on the book's website.

The Education of Little Homo Sapiens

The Education of Little Homo Sapiens
  • Author : Steven Welliever
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-25
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 1491050853
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Summary : This is the true story of Little Homo Sapiens: a walking, talking, social school-kid who never evolved to read... ...and her species is not adapted to sit-down, shut-up, and learn! "Nothing in education makes sense except in the light of evolution" is the bold premise of this book. The author makes the case that achievement gaps can be understood as conflicts between school and students' ancient hunter-gatherer biology. Using human evolution as a principle of design in school reform, schools can employ universal strategies that benefit every student - especially those that need it most. This is the evolution of education!

Exploring Faith and Reason

Exploring Faith and Reason
  • Author : Bruce Glass
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 0578110474
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Summary : Have you ever wondered if it is possible to be a conservative evangelical Christian and also believe in biological evolution-believe that the Earth is 4.5 billion years old and that human beings share a common ancestor with not only chimpanzees, but also with mice and even earthworms? In Exploring Faith and Reason, you will find that it is not only possible, it is an essential element of how many Christians come to more fully appreciate the complexity and the great glory of God's creation. Of course many people-Christians and non-Christians alike-think that Christianity and evolution are opposing concepts. They perceive several specific points of conflict between them. Bruce Glass addresses each of these concerns by citing Scripture and the world's most respected theologians and by the application of reason. Revealed is a deeper and richer understanding of Biblical Scripture and its history. But most importantly, readers will gain a greater appreciation of the power and the capabilities of a living God that transcends space and time, as this insight is united with the findings of science. Kirkus Reviews described Exploring Faith and Reason this way: "Smart, well-informed... lucid, engaging... Glass delivers a superb exposition of Darwinian theory and a meticulous, sharply reasoned discussion of the evidence that supports it. His logic is impeccable when he insists that evolutionary theory does not rule out the existence of God." Tremper Longman III, Ph.D., Robert H. Gundry Professor of Biblical Studies at Westmont College said, "As a non-scientist, I found that Exploring Faith and Reason presents an accessible, fascinating, and compelling presentation of evolution. As a biblical scholar, I appreciate Glass' grasp of theological issues and the biblical text. His conclusion that evolution and Christianity are compatible is a crucial message for the church today." Peter Enns, Ph.D., Professor of Christian Studies at Eastern University said, "Glass has provided a thorough look at the evidence and the processes of evolution, along side a compelling case for its compatibility with Christianity. His theological analysis is very sound as he addresses several of the commonly perceived points of tension between the Christian faith and evolution. For a thorough understanding of these issues, this book is among the very best resources available." Reverend Jordan Ogden, Lead Pastor at Antioch Community Church in Dallas, said: "Mr. Glass tackles a historically controversial topic with finesse. Wherever one may be on the issue of evolution, Glass' superb scholarship and unbiased commentary on issues of faith does not disappoint." Reverend Dr. Kristin Huffman, Associate Pastor at Memorial Drive Presbyterian Church in Houston, said: "Bruce Glass has provided a thought provoking look at the most significant theological issues arising from the advent of evolutionary science. Whatever their conclusions, readers will find Mr. Glass' treatment a welcome reminder of the richness and depth of God's Word, as well as a fresh perspective on God's glorious creation." ForeWord Clarion Reviews described it as, "Well written, thoroughly researched, and honestly fair... The book's thorough and eminently readable scientific explanations provide general science readers with a lucid understanding of this complex subject." Reverend Michael Dowd, author of Thank God for Evolution, endorsed by six Nobel Prize-winning scientists and by religious leaders across the spectrum, said that, "In Exploring Faith and Reason. Bruce Glass has emerged as a fresh voice for the reconciliation of head and heart. Couched in the language and theology of conservative evangelical Christianity, Mr. Glass' book provides a welcomed bridge between an evidential worldview and traditional Christian conviction. Believers and non-believers alike will find much of value in these pages."

Transcendence

Transcendence
  • Author : Gaia Vince
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-21
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780465094912
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Summary : In the tradition of Guns, Germs, and Steel and Sapiens, a winner of the Royal Society Prize for Science Books shows how four tools enabled has us humans to control the destiny of our species "A wondrous, visionary work." --Tim Flannery, scientist and author of the bestselling The Weather Makers What enabled us to go from simple stone tools to smartphones? How did bands of hunter-gatherers evolve into multinational empires? Readers of Sapiens will say a cognitive revolution -- a dramatic evolutionary change that altered our brains, turning primitive humans into modern ones -- caused a cultural explosion. In Transcendence, Gaia Vince argues instead that modern humans are the product of a nuanced coevolution of our genes, environment, and culture that goes back into deep time. She explains how, through four key elements -- fire, language, beauty, and time -- our species diverged from the evolutionary path of all other animals, unleashing a compounding process that launched us into the Space Age and beyond. Provocative and poetic, Transcendence shows how a primate took dominion over nature and turned itself into something marvelous.