Download Basics Of Computational Geophysics Book PDF

Download full Basics Of Computational Geophysics books PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, Textbook, Mobi or read online Basics Of Computational Geophysics anytime and anywhere on any device. Get free access to the library by create an account, fast download and ads free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library.

Basics of Computational Geophysics

Basics of Computational Geophysics
  • Author : Pijush Samui,Barnali Dixon,Dieu Tien Bui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-27
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780128209011
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Basics of Computational Geophysics provides a one-stop, collective resource for practitioners on the different techniques and models in geoscience, their practical applications, and case studies. The reference provides the modeling theory in an easy-to-read format that is verified with onsite models for specific regions and scenarios, including the use of big data and artificial intelligence. This book offers a platform whereby readers will learn theory, practical applications, and the comparison of real-world problems surrounding geomechanics, modeling and optimizations. Covers various advanced computational techniques for solving different problems in geophysics, including the use of Big Data and artificial intelligence Includes case studies that provide examples surrounding practical applications Provides an assessment of the capabilities of commercial software

Computational Geo-Electromagnetics

Computational Geo-Electromagnetics
  • Author : Viacheslav V. Spichak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9780128196311
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts, Volume Five in the Computational Geophysics series, is devoted to techniques for building of geoelectrical models from electromagnetic data, featuring Bayesian statistical analysis and neural network algorithms. These models are applied to studying the geoelectrical structure of famous volcanoes (i.e., Vesuvio, Kilauea, Elbrus, Komagatake, Hengill) and geothermal zones (i.e., Travale, Italy; Soultz-sous-Forets, Elsace). Methodological recommendations are given on electromagnetic sounding of faults as well as geothermal and hydrocarbon reservoirs. Techniques for forecasting of petrophysical properties from the electrical resistivity as proxy parameter are also considered. Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts offers techniques and algorithms for building geoelectrical models under conditions of rare or irregularly distributed EM data and/or lack of prior geological and geophysical information. This volume also includes methodological guidelines on interpretation of electromagnetic sounding data depending on goals of the study. Finally, it details computational algorithms for using electrical resistivity for properties beyond boreholes. Provides algorithms for inversion of incomplete, rare or irregularly distributed EM data Features methodological issues of building geoelectrical models Offers techniques for retrieving petrophysical properties from EM sounding data and well logs

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics
  • Author : Eldad Haber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-11
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9781611973792
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This monograph provides a framework for students and practitioners who are working on the solution of electromagnetic imaging in geophysics. Bridging the gap between theory and practical applied material (for example, inverse and forward problems), it provides a simple explanation of finite volume discretization, basic concepts in solving inverse problems through optimization, a summary of applied electromagnetics methods, and MATLAB?÷code for efficient computation.

Geophysical Potential Fields

Geophysical Potential Fields
  • Author : Lev Eppelbaum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-18
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780128116869
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Geophysical Potential Fields: Geological and Environmental Applications, Volume Two, investigates the similarities and differences of potential geophysical fields, including gravity, magnetics, temperature, resistivity and self-potential, along with the influence of noise on these fields. As part of the Computational Geophysics series, this volume provides computational examples and methods for effectively solving geophysical problems in a full cycle manner. Including both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the book offers different filtering and transformation procedures, integrated analysis, and special interpretation methodologies, also presenting a developed 3D algorithm for combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments. The book also includes applications of the unified potential field system, such as studying deep structure, searching hydrocarbon and ore deposits, localizing buried water horizons and rockslide areas, tectono-structural mapping of water basins, and classifying archaeological targets. It is an ideal and unique resource for geophysicists, exploration geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists. Clearly demonstrates the successive stages of geophysical field analysis for different geological and environmental targets Provides a unified system for potential geophysical field analysis that is demonstrated by numerous examples of system application Demonstrates the possibilities for rapidly and effectively interpreting anomalies, receiving some knowledge of modern wavelet, diffusion maps and informational approach applications in geophysics, and combined gravity-magnetic methodology of 3D modeling Includes text of the Geological Space Field Calculation (GSFC) software intended for 3D combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments

Fundamentals of Computational Geoscience

Fundamentals of Computational Geoscience
  • Author : Chongbin Zhao,Bruce E. Hobbs,Alison Ord
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-21
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 9783540897439
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Geoscience is a fundamental natural science discipline dealing with the origin, evolutionary history and behaviour of the planet Earth. As a result of its complicated and complex nature, the Earth system not only provides the necessary materials and environment for mankind to live, but also brings many types of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, ?oods and tornadoes, to mention just a few. With the ever-increasing demand for improving our living standards, it has been recognized that the existing natural resources will be exhausted in the near future and that our living environments are, in fact, deteriorating. To maintain the sustainable development of our living standards and the further improvement of our living environments, an inevitable and challenging task that geoscientists are now confronting is how accurately to predict not only the occurrences of these natural disasters, but also the locations of large concealed natural resources in the deep Earth. For this reason, geoscientists must study the processes, rules and laws, by which the Earth system operates, instead of simply describing and observing g- science phenomena.

Data Assimilation for the Geosciences

Data Assimilation for the Geosciences
  • Author : Steven James Fletcher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-10
  • Total pages :976
  • ISBN : 9780128044841
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Data Assimilation for the Geosciences: From Theory to Application brings together all of the mathematical,statistical, and probability background knowledge needed to formulate data assimilation systems in one place. It includes practical exercises for understanding theoretical formulation and presents some aspects of coding the theory with a toy problem. The book also demonstrates how data assimilation systems are implemented in larger scale fluid dynamical problems related to the atmosphere, oceans, as well as the land surface and other geophysical situations. It offers a comprehensive presentation of the subject, from basic principles to advanced methods, such as Particle Filters and Markov-Chain Monte-Carlo methods. Additionally, Data Assimilation for the Geosciences: From Theory to Application covers the applications of data assimilation techniques in various disciplines of the geosciences, making the book useful to students, teachers, and research scientists. Includes practical exercises, enabling readers to apply concepts in a theoretical formulation Offers explanations for how to code certain parts of the theory Presents a step-by-step guide on how, and why, data assimilation works and can be used

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica
  • Author : William Haneberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :381
  • ISBN : 9783642185540
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Computational Geosciences with Mathematica is the only book written by a geologist specifically to show geologists and geoscientists how to use Mathematica to formulate and solve problems. It spans a broad range of geologic and mathematical topics, which are drawn from the author's extensive experience in research, consulting, and teaching. The reference and text leads readers step-by-step through geologic applications such as custom graphics programming, data input and output, linear and differential equations, linear and nonlinear regression, Monte Carlo simulation, time series and image analysis, and the visualization and analysis of geologic surfaces. It is packed with actual Mathematica output and includes boxed Computer Notes with tips and exploration suggestions.

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics
  • Author : Bashar Alsadik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-16
  • Total pages :423
  • ISBN : 9780128175897
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to Geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, and geodesy. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in Geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of Geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-dimensional applications of Geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Coding and Decoding: Seismic Data

Coding and Decoding: Seismic Data
  • Author : Luc T. Ikelle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-29
  • Total pages :618
  • ISBN : 0080914454
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Currently, the acquisition of seismic surveys is performed as a sequential operation in which shots are computed separately, one after the other. This approach is similar to that of multiple-access technology, which is widely used in cellular communications to allow several subscribers to share the same telephone line. The cost of performing various shots simultaneously is almost identical to that of one shot; thus, the savings in time and money expected from using the multishooting approach for computing seismic surveys compared to the current approach are enormous. By using this approach, the long-standing problem of simulating a three-dimensional seismic survey can be reduced to a matter of weeks and not years, as is currently the case. Investigates how to collect, stimulate, and process multishooting data Addresses the improvements in seismic characterization and resolution one can expect from multishooting data Aims to educate the oil and gas exploration and production business of the benefits of multishooting data, and to influence their day-to-day surveying techniques

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing
  • Author : M.M. Poulton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-13
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0080529658
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This book was primarily written for an audience that has heard about neural networks or has had some experience with the algorithms, but would like to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental material. For those that already have a solid grasp of how to create a neural network application, this work can provide a wide range of examples of nuances in network design, data set design, testing strategy, and error analysis. Computational, rather than artificial, modifiers are used for neural networks in this book to make a distinction between networks that are implemented in hardware and those that are implemented in software. The term artificial neural network covers any implementation that is inorganic and is the most general term. Computational neural networks are only implemented in software but represent the vast majority of applications. While this book cannot provide a blue print for every conceivable geophysics application, it does outline a basic approach that has been used successfully.

Computational Challenges in the Geosciences

Computational Challenges in the Geosciences
  • Author : Clint Dawson,Margot Gerritsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-17
  • Total pages :167
  • ISBN : 9781461474340
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Computational Challenges in the Geosciences addresses a cross-section of grand challenge problems arising in geoscience applications, including groundwater and petroleum reservoir simulation, hurricane storm surge, oceanography, volcanic eruptions and landslides, and tsunamis. Each of these applications gives rise to complex physical and mathematical models spanning multiple space-time scales, which can only be studied through computer simulation. The data required by the models is often highly uncertain, and the numerical solution of the models requires sophisticated algorithms which are mathematically accurate, computationally efficient and yet must preserve basic physical properties of the models. This volume summarizes current methodologies and future research challenges in this broad and important field.

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Fundamentals of Geophysics
  • Author : William Lowrie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-09-20
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139465953
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.

Computational Methods for Geodynamics

Computational Methods for Geodynamics
  • Author : Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Paul Tackley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-22
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139489355
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Written as both a textbook and a handy reference, this text deliberately avoids complex mathematics assuming only basic familiarity with geodynamic theory and calculus. Here, the authors have brought together the key numerical techniques for geodynamic modeling, demonstrations of how to solve problems including lithospheric deformation, mantle convection and the geodynamo. Building from a discussion of the fundamental principles of mathematical and numerical modeling, the text moves into critical examinations of each of the different techniques before concluding with a detailed analysis of specific geodynamic applications. Key differences between methods and their respective limitations are also discussed - showing readers when and how to apply a particular method in order to produce the most accurate results. This is an essential text for advanced courses on numerical and computational modeling in geodynamics and geophysics, and an invaluable resource for researchers looking to master cutting-edge techniques. Links to supplementary computer codes are available online.

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition
  • Author : Horst Langer,Susanna Falsaperla,Conny Hammer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-23
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780128118436
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition presents various methods of pattern recognition and classification, useful to geophysicists, geochemists, geologists, geographers, data analysts, and educators and students of geosciences. Scientific and technological progress has dramatically improved the knowledge of our planet with huge amounts of digital data available in various fields of Earth Sciences, such as geology, geophysics, and geography. This has led to a new perspective of data analysis, requiring specific techniques that take several features into consideration rather than single parameters. Pattern recognition techniques offer a suitable key for processing and extracting useful information from the data of multivariate analysis. This book explores both supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition techniques, while providing insight into their application. Offers real-world examples of techniques for pattern recognition and handling multivariate data Includes examples, applications, and diagrams to enhance understanding Provides an introduction and access to relevant software packages

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-25
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9780128216842
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Advances in Geophysics, Volume 61 - Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences, the latest release in this highly-respected publication in the field of geophysics, contains new chapters on a variety of topics, including a historical review on the development of machine learning, machine learning to investigate fault rupture on various scales, a review on machine learning techniques to describe fractured media, signal augmentation to improve the generalization of deep neural networks, deep generator priors for Bayesian seismic inversion, as well as a review on homogenization for seismology, and more. Provides high-level reviews of the latest innovations in geophysics Written by recognized experts in the field Presents an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics

Theoretical and Computational Methods in Mineral Physics

Theoretical and Computational Methods in Mineral Physics
  • Author : Renata M. Wentzcovitch,Lars Stixrude
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-17
  • Total pages :502
  • ISBN : 9781501508448
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Volume 71 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry represents an extensive review of the material presented by the invited speakers at a short course on Theoretical and Computational Methods in Mineral Physics held prior (December 10-12, 2009) to the Annual fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco, California. The meeting was held at the Doubletree Hotel & Executive Meeting Center in Berkeley, California. Contents: Density functional theory of electronic structure: a short course for mineralogists and geophysicists The Minnesota density functionals and their applications to problems in mineralogy and geochemistry Density-functional perturbation theory for quasi-harmonic calculations Thermodynamic properties and phase relations in mantle minerals investigated by first principles quasiharmonic theory First principles quasiharmonic thermoelasticity of mantle minerals An overview of quantum Monte Carlo methods Quantum Monte Carlo studies of transition metal oxides Accurate and efficient calculations on strongly correlated minerals with the LDA+U method: review and perspectives Spin-state crossover of iron in lower-mantle minerals: results of DFT+U investigations Simulating diffusion Modeling dislocations and plasticity of deep earth materials Theoretical methods for calculating the lattice thermal conductivity of minerals Evolutionary crystal structure prediction as a method for the discovery of minerals and materials Multi-Mbar phase transitions in minerals Computer simulations on phase transitions in ice Iron at Earth’s core conditions from first principles calculations First-principles molecular dynamics simulations of silicate melts: structural and dynamical properties Lattice dynamics from force-fields as a technique for mineral physics An efficient cluster expansion method for binary solid solutions: application to the halite-silvite, NaCl-KCl, system Large scale simulations Thermodynamics of the Earth’s mantle

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics
  • Author : Harsh Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-29
  • Total pages :1539
  • ISBN : 9789048187010
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : The past few decades have witnessed the growth of the Earth Sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet that we live on. This development addresses the challenging endeavor to enrich human lives with the bounties of Nature as well as to preserve the planet for the generations to come. Solid Earth Geophysics aspires to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of the principles of physics and forms the intrinsic framework, which other allied disciplines utilize for more specific investigations. The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company. More than two decades later, this new volume, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, represents a thoroughly revised and expanded reference work. It brings together more than 200 articles covering established and new concepts of Geophysics across the various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format and standard. It is an authoritative and current reference source with extraordinary width of scope. It draws its unique strength from the expert contributions of editors and authors across the globe. It is designed to serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.

Computational Methods for the Atmosphere and the Oceans

Computational Methods for the Atmosphere and the Oceans
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-16
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 0080931030
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This book provides a survey of the frontiers of research in the numerical modeling and mathematical analysis used in the study of the atmosphere and oceans. The details of the current practices in global atmospheric and ocean models, the assimilation of observational data into such models and the numerical techniques used in theoretical analysis of the atmosphere and ocean are among the topics covered. • Truly interdisciplinary: scientific interactions between specialties of atmospheric and ocean sciences and applied and computational mathematics • Uses the approach of computational mathematicians, applied and numerical analysts and the tools appropriate for unsolved problems in the atmospheric and oceanic sciences • Contributions uniquely address central problems and provide a survey of the frontier of research

Geodynamics

Geodynamics
  • Author : Donald L. Turcotte,Gerald Schubert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-07
  • Total pages :636
  • ISBN : 9781107006539
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : A fully updated third edition of this classic textbook, containing two new chapters on numerical modelling supported by online MATLAB codes.

Personalized Computational Hemodynamics

Personalized Computational Hemodynamics
  • Author : Yuri Vassilevski,Maxim Olshanskii,Sergey Simakov,Andrey Kolobov,Alexander Danilov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-19
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9780128156544
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Personalized Computational Hemodynamics: Models, Methods, and Applications for Vascular Surgery and Antitumor Therapy offers practices and advances surrounding the multiscale modeling of hemodynamics and their personalization with conventional clinical data. Focusing on three physiological disciplines, readers will learn how to derive a suitable mathematical model and personalize its parameters to account for pathologies and diseases. Written by leading experts, this book mirrors the top trends in mathematical modeling with clinical applications. In addition, the book features the major results of the "Research group in simulation of blood flow and vascular pathologies" at the Institute of Numerical Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Two important features distinguish this book from other monographs on numerical methods for biomedical applications. First, the variety of medical disciplines targeted by the mathematical modeling and computer simulations, including cardiology, vascular neurology and oncology. Second, for all mathematical models, the authors consider extensions and parameter tuning that account for vascular pathologies. Examines a variety of medical disciplines targeted by mathematical modeling and computer simulation Discusses how the results of numerical simulations are used to support clinical decision-making Covers hemodynamics relating to various subject areas, including vascular surgery and oncological tumor treatments

Essentials of Computational Chemistry

Essentials of Computational Chemistry
  • Author : Christopher J. Cramer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-29
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9781118712276
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Essentials of Computational Chemistry provides a balanced introduction to this dynamic subject. Suitable for both experimentalists and theorists, a wide range of samples and applications are included drawn from all key areas. The book carefully leads the reader thorough the necessary equations providing information explanations and reasoning where necessary and firmly placing each equation in context.