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Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction

Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C.W. Tsang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-13
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9780128223819
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Summary : Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals. Focuses on sustainability and green concepts in construction Discusses recent trends on bio-based materials and biotechnologies for eco-efficient construction Covers many important aspects, including infrastructure applications, energy efficiency for building construction, and air, water and soil related problems

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-11
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780081002094
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Summary : Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency
  • Author : F. Pacheco Torgal,Cinzia Buratti,S. Kalaiselvam,Claes-Göran Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-04
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9783319275055
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Summary : This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials – such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others – can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.

Biobased Products and Industries

Biobased Products and Industries
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-23
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780128201534
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Summary : Biobased Products and Industries fills the gap between academia and industry by covering all the important aspects of biobased products and their relevant industries in one single reference. Highlighting different perspectives of the bioeconomy, EU relevant projects, as well as the environmental impact of biobased materials and sustainability, the book covers biobased polymers, plastics, nanocomposites, packaging materials, electric devices, biofuels, textiles, consumer goods, and biocatalysis for the decarboxylation and decarboxylation of biobased molecules, including biobased products from alternative sources (algae) and the biobased production of chemicals through metabolic engineering. Focusing on the most recent advances in the field, the book also analyzes the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products. Highlights the important aspects of biobased products as well as their relevant industries in one single reference Focuses on the most recent advances in the field, analyzing the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products Provides an ideal resource for anyone dealing with bioresource technology, biomass valorization and new products development

Performance of Bio-based Building Materials

Performance of Bio-based Building Materials
  • Author : Dennis Jones,Christian Brischke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-07
  • Total pages :650
  • ISBN : 9780081009925
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Summary : Performance of Bio-based Building Materials provides guidance on the use of bio-based building materials (BBBM) with respect to their performance. The book focuses on BBBM currently present on the European market. The state-of-the-art is presented regarding material properties, recommended uses, performance expectancies, testing methodology, and related standards. Chapters cover both ‘old and traditional’ BBBM since quite a few of them are experiencing a comeback on the market. Promising developments that could become commercial in the near future are presented as well. The book will be a valuable reference resource for those working in the bio-based materials research community, architects and agencies dealing with sustainable construction, and graduate students in civil engineering. Takes a unique approach to bio-based materials and presents a broad overview of the topics on relevant areas necessary for application and promotion in construction Contains a general description, notable properties related to performance, and applications Presents standards that are structured according to performance types

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Said Jalali
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-31
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 0857298925
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Summary : Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.

Construction Biotechnology

Construction Biotechnology
  • Author : Volodymyr Ivanov,Viktor Stabnikov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-20
  • Total pages :317
  • ISBN : 9789811014451
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Summary : This book presents the first comprehensive text on construction biomaterials and bioprocesses. It details aspects of construction biotechnology, a new interdisciplinary area involving applications of environmental and industrial microbiology and biotechnology in geotechnical and civil engineering. It also critically reviews all existing and potential construction biotechnology processes. It discusses a number of topics including the biotechnological production of new construction materials such as self-healing concrete, construction biocomposites, construction bioplastics, and biotechnological admixtures to cement. It also addresses construction-related processes like biocementation, bioclogging, soil surface fixation and biosealing, microbial cements and grouts, the biocoating of construction material surfaces, the microbiology and biosafety of the construction environment, the prevention of biocorrosion as well as biodeterioration and biofouling in civil engineering. Biomediated precipitation of calcium, magnesium, and iron compounds as carbonates, phosphates, sulphides, and silicate minerals in soil for its clogging and strengthening are considered from geotechnical, chemical, and microbiological points of view. It offers an overview of the basic microbiology that will enable civil engineers to perform the construction biogeochemical processes. Design principles and considerations for different field implementations are discussed from a practical point of view. The book can be used as a textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate students in biotechnology, civil engineering and environmental engineering as well as a reference book for researchers and practitioners working in this new interdisciplinary area.

Start-Up Creation

Start-Up Creation
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Erik Stavnsager Rasmussen,Claes G. Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov,Habil Arturas Kaklauskas,Stephen Makonin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-24
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9780128199473
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Summary : Start-up creation is the most distinctive feature of the entrepreneurial knowledge-based economy. It is also essential for economic growth and especially important in the current context of young graduate’s high unemployment rates that are expected to increase in the next few decades. There are other books on the creation of start-up companies, designed to be of value to academics wishing to exploit the commercial value of a new technology or business solution, but none of these existing titles focus on start-up creation in the construction industry. In the second edition of this extremely successful title the editors present a state-of-the-art review on advanced technologies, and their application in several areas of the built environment covering energy efficiency, structural performance, air and water quality to inspire the creation of start-up companies from university research. Part One begins with the key factors behind successful start-up companies from university research, including the development of a business plan, start-up financing, and the importance of intellectual property. Part Two focuses on the use of Big Data, Intelligent decision support systems, the Internet of Things and their use in the energy efficiency of the built environment. Finally, Part three is an entire new section that focuses on several smartphone applications for the smart built environment. While in the first edition the section concerning apps for smart buildings had just two chapters, one for app programming basics and a second a case study on building security in this second edition the core of the book is about app development that constitutes 50% of the book. Entire new section that was not available in the first edition on smart-phone applications and virtual assistance for infrastructure monitoring Chapters on business plans, start-up financing and intellectual property have been brought fully up to date as well as algorithms, big data and the Internet of Things for eco-efficient smart buildings Comprehensive guide to start-ups that arise from college and university research and how the application of advanced technology can be applied to the built environment

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Serji Amirkhanian,Hao Wang,Erik Schlangen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-18
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780128189825
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Summary : Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials acquaints engineers with research findings on new eco-efficient pavement materials and how they can be incorporated into future pavements. Divided into three distinctive parts, the book emphasizes current research topics such as pavements with recycled waste, pavements for climate change mitigation, self-healing pavements, and pavements with energy harvesting potential. Part One considers techniques for recycling, Part Two reviews the contribution of pavements for climate change mitigation, including cool pavements, the development of new coatings for high albedo targets, and the design of pervious pavements. Finally, Part Three focuses on self-healing pavements, addressing novel materials and design and performance. Finally, the book discusses the case of pavements with energy harvesting potential, addressing different technologies on this field. Offers a clear and concise lifecycle assessment of asphalt pavement recycling for greenhouse gas emission with temporal aspects Applies key research trends to green the pavement industry Includes techniques for recycling waste materials, the design of cool pavements, self-healing mechanisms, and key steps in energy harvesting

Bio-aggregate-based Building Materials

Bio-aggregate-based Building Materials
  • Author : Sofiane Amziane,Laurent Arnaud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781118577066
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Summary : Using plant material as raw materials for construction is arelatively recent and original topic of research. This bookpresents an overview of the current knowledge on the materialproperties and environmental impact of construction materials madefrom plant particles, which are renewable, recyclable and easilyavailable. It focuses on particles and as well on fibers issuedfrom hemp plant, as well as discussing hemp concretes. The bookbegins by setting the environmental, economic and social context ofagro-concretes, before discussing the nature of plant-basedaggregates and binders. The formulation, implementation andmechanical behavior of such building materials are the subject ofthe following chapters. The focus is then put upon the hygrothermalbehavior and acoustical properties of hempcrete, followed by theuse of plant-based concretes in structures. The book concludes withthe study of life-cycle analysis (LCA) of the environmentalcharacteristics of a banked hempcrete wall on a woodenskeleton. Contents 1. Environmental, Economic and Social Context of Agro-Concretes,Vincent Nozahic and Sofiane Amziane. 2. Characterization of Plant-Based Aggregates. VincentPicandet. 3. Binders, Gilles Escadeillas, Camille Magniont, Sofiane Amzianeand Vincent Nozahic. 4. Formulation and Implementation, Christophe Lanos, FlorenceCollet, Gérard Lenain and Yves Hustache. 5. Mechanical Behavior, Laurent Arnaud, Sofiane Amziane, VincentNozahic and Etienne Gourlay. 6. Hygrothermal Behavior of Hempcrete, Laurent Arnaud, Driss Samriand Étienne Gourlay. 7. Acoustical Properties of Hemp Concretes, Philippe Glé,Emmanuel Gourdon and Laurent Arnaud. 8. Plant-Based Concretes in Structures: Structural Aspect –Addition of a Wooden Support to Absorb the Strain, Philippe Munozand Didier Pipet. 9. Examination of the Environmental Characteristics of a BankedHempcrete Wall on a Wooden Skeleton, by Lifecycle Analysis:Feedback on the LCA Experiment from 2005, Marie-Pierre Boutin andCyril Flamin. About the Authors Sofiane Amziane is Professor and head of the Civil Engineeringdepartment at POLYTECH Clermont-Ferrand in France. He is also incharge of the research program dealing with bio-based buildingmaterials at Blaise Pascal University (Institut Pascal, ClermontFerrand, France). He is the secretary of the RILEM TechnicalCommittee 236-BBM dealing with bio-based building materials and theauthor or co-author of over one hundred papers in scientificjournals such as Cement and Concrete Research, Composite Structuresor Construction Building Materials as well as internationalconferences. Laurent Arnaud is a Bridges, Waters and Forestry Engineer(Ingénieur des Ponts, Eaux et Forêts) and researcher atJoseph Fourier University in Grenoble, France. He is also Professorat ENTPE (Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l’Etat).Trained in the field of mechanical engineering, his research hasbeen directed toward the characterization and development of newmaterials for civil engineering and construction. He is head of theinternational committee at RILEM – BBM, as well as the authorof more than one hundred publications, and holder of aninternational invention patent.

Bio-based Materials for Food Packaging

Bio-based Materials for Food Packaging
  • Author : Shakeel Ahmed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-05
  • Total pages :303
  • ISBN : 9789811319099
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Summary : This book provides an overview of the lastest developments in biobased materials and their applications in food packaging. Written by experts in their respective research domain, its thirteen chapters discuss in detail fundamental knowledge on bio based materials. It is intended as a reference book for researchers, students, research scholars, academicians and scientists seeking biobased materials for food packaging applications.

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies
  • Author : Enrico Benetto,Kilian Gericke,Mélanie Guiton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-03
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9783319669816
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Summary : This open access book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series.

Bio-Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials

Bio-Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials
  • Author : Gianluca Tondi,Thomas Schnabel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-20
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9783039289257
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Summary : With daily signals, Nature is communicating us that its unconscious wicked exploitation is no more sustainable. Our socio-economic system focuses on production increasing without considering the consequences. We are intoxicating ourselves on a daily bases just to allow the system to perpetuate itself. The time to switch into more natural solutions is come and the scientific community is ready to offer more natural product with comparable performance then the market products we are used to deal with. This book collects a broad set of scientific examples in which research groups from all over the world, aim to replace fossil fuel-based solutions with biomass derived materials. In here, some of the most innovative developments in the field of bio-materials are reported considering topics which goes from biomass valorization to the synthesis of high preforming bio-based materials.

Advanced Processing, Properties, and Applications of Starch and Other Bio-based Polymers

Advanced Processing, Properties, and Applications of Starch and Other Bio-based Polymers
  • Author : Faris M. Al-Oqla,S.M. Sapuan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-30
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9780128227763
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Summary : Advanced Processing, Properties, and Applications of Starch and Other Bio-based Polymers presents the latest cutting-edge research into the processing and applications of bio-based polymers, for novel industrial applications across areas including biomedical and electronics. The book is divided into three sections, covering processing and manufacture, properties, and applications. Throughout the book, key aspects of sustainability are considered, including improved utilization of available natural resources, sustainable design possibilities, cleaner production processes, and waste management. Focuses on starch-based polymers, examining the latest advances in processing and applications with this valuable category of biopolymer Highlights industrial sustainability considerations at all steps of the process, including when sourcing materials, designing and producing products, and dealing with waste Supports the processing and development of starch and other bio-based polymers with enhanced functionality for advanced applications

Reusable and Sustainable Building Materials in Modern Architecture

Reusable and Sustainable Building Materials in Modern Architecture
  • Author : Koç, Gül?ah,Christiansen, Bryan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-02
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9781522569961
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Summary : Designing buildings and physical environments depends on social structure, social needs, economic data, environment, and technological development. Planning these environments is heavily influenced by cultural and regional need, the existing environment, and the materials available. Reusable and Sustainable Building Materials in Modern Architecture is an essential reference source that discusses the shaping of building design through culture and materials as well as the influence of environment on building design. Featuring research on topics such as passive design, ecological design, and urban design, this book is ideal for academicians, specialists, and researchers seeking coverage on culture, environment, and building design.

The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies

The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation Key Developments and Policies
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-11
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9789264501775
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Summary : This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish.

Sustainability Transition Towards a Bio-Based Economy: New Technologies, New Products, New Policies

Sustainability Transition Towards a Bio-Based Economy: New Technologies, New Products, New Policies
  • Author : Piergiuseppe Morone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-29
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9783038973805
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Summary : (This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Sustainability Transition Towards a Bio-Based Economy: New Technologies, New Products, New Policies" that was published in Sustainability

Modified Asphalt

Modified Asphalt
  • Author : Jose Luis Rivera Armenta,Beatriz Adriana Salazar-Cruz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9781789237269
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Summary : Asphalt modification is an important area in the development of new road and pavement materials. There is an urgent demand for road materials that can minimize fracture at low temperatures and increase resistance to deformation at high temperatures. The function of asphalt is to bind aggregate to protect it from water and other harmful agents. In the beginning asphalt was ideal for this purpose, but recently traffic loads have increased and environmental factors have deteriorated more rapidly than before. Asphalt is a byproduct of crude oil in the refining process, and it is considered a complex heterogeneous mixture of hydrocarbons. Asphalt modification has become an important research area, using several methods and new materials as modifiers.

Bioeconomy

Bioeconomy
  • Author : Iris Lewandowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-11
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9783319681528
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Summary : This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book defines the new field of "Bioeconomy" as the sustainable and innovative use of biomass and biological knowledge to provide food, feed, industrial products, bioenergy and ecological services. The chapters highlight the importance of bioeconomy-related concepts in public, scientific, and political discourse. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors outline the dimensions of the bioeconomy as a means of achieving sustainability. The authors are ideally situated to elaborate on the diverse aspects of the bioeconomy. They have acquired in-depth experience of interdisciplinary research through the university’s focus on “Bioeconomy”, its contribution to the Bioeconomy Research Program of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, and its participation in the German Bioeconomy Council. With the number of bioeconomy-related projects at European universities rising, this book will provide graduate students and researchers with background information on the bioeconomy. It will familiarize scientific readers with bioeconomy-related terms and give scientific background for economists, agronomists and natural scientists alike.

Industrialization of Biology

Industrialization of Biology
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Industrialization of Biology: A Roadmap to Accelerate the Advanced Manufacturing of Chemicals
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-29
  • Total pages :167
  • ISBN : 9780309316552
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Summary : The tremendous progress in biology over the last half century - from Watson and Crick's elucidation of the structure of DNA to today's astonishing, rapid progress in the field of synthetic biology - has positioned us for significant innovation in chemical production. New bio-based chemicals, improved public health through improved drugs and diagnostics, and biofuels that reduce our dependency on oil are all results of research and innovation in the biological sciences. In the past decade, we have witnessed major advances made possible by biotechnology in areas such as rapid, low-cost DNA sequencing, metabolic engineering, and high-throughput screening. The manufacturing of chemicals using biological synthesis and engineering could expand even faster. A proactive strategy - implemented through the development of a technical roadmap similar to those that enabled sustained growth in the semiconductor industry and our explorations of space - is needed if we are to realize the widespread benefits of accelerating the industrialization of biology. Industrialization of Biology presents such a roadmap to achieve key technical milestones for chemical manufacturing through biological routes. This report examines the technical, economic, and societal factors that limit the adoption of bioprocessing in the chemical industry today and which, if surmounted, would markedly accelerate the advanced manufacturing of chemicals via industrial biotechnology. Working at the interface of synthetic chemistry, metabolic engineering, molecular biology, and synthetic biology, Industrialization of Biology identifies key technical goals for next-generation chemical manufacturing, then identifies the gaps in knowledge, tools, techniques, and systems required to meet those goals, and targets and timelines for achieving them. This report also considers the skills necessary to accomplish the roadmap goals, and what training opportunities are required to produce the cadre of skilled scientists and engineers needed.

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Matheus Poletto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-30
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9789535127932
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Summary : Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials consists of 16 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the characteristic and current application of materials from renewable and sustainable sources. The reader will develop a deeper understanding about the concepts related to renewable materials, biomaterials, natural fibers, biodegradable composites, starch, and recycled materials. This book will serve as the starting point for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from the diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering who want to know and better understand the fundamental aspects and current applications of renewable and sustainable materials in several applications.