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Biofilms in Infection Prevention and Control

Biofilms in Infection Prevention and Control
  • Author : Steven L. Percival,David Williams,Tracey Cooper,Jacqueline Randle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-30
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9780123977519
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Summary : Biofilms in Infection and Disease Control: A Healthcare Handbook outlines the scientific evidence and rationale for the prevention of infection, the role biofilms play in infection control, and the issues concerning their resistance to antimicrobials. This book provides practical guidance for healthcare and infection control professionals, as well as students, for preventing and controlling infection. Biofilms are the most common mode of bacterial growth in nature. Highly resistant to antibiotics and antimicrobials, biofilms are the source of more than 65 percent of health care associated infections (HCAI), which, according to the WHO, affect 1.4 million people annually. Biofilms are involved in 80 percent of all microbial infections in the body, including those associated with medical devices such as catheters, endotracheal tubes, joint prostheses, and heart valves. Biofilms are also the principle causes of infections of the middle-ear, dental caries, gingivitis, prostatitis and cystic fibrosis. Importantly, biofilms also significantly delay wound healing and reduce antimicrobial efficiency in at-risk or infected skin wounds. Provides specific procedures for controlling and preventing infection Includes case studies of HCAI, and identifies appropriate treatments Presents national government standards for infection prevention and control Includes extensive references and links to websites for further information

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections
  • Author : L Barnes,Ian Cooper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-21
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780857097224
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Summary : Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Infection Control

Infection Control
  • Author : Silpi Basak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-29
  • Total pages :102
  • ISBN : 9789535111450
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Summary : Health Care associated infection (HAI) is an emerging problem worldwide. HAI causes increased morbidity, mortality and average length of stay of the patient in the hospital. HAI also imposes economic burden on the patient, health care set up and also State and National Health care system. It has been estimated that 5 10 % of all hospital admission suffers from HAI even in developed countries. But 30% of HAI are preventable, if we follow the infection control practices properly especially hand hygiene while giving patient care. Hence, in this book importance has been given to Infection Control practices along with emerging trends of HAI due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter species etc.

Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices

Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices
  • Author : Ying Deng,Wei Lv
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-24
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9780081003985
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Summary : Biofilms and Implantable Medical Devices: Infection and Control explores the increasing use of permanent and semi-permanent implants and indwelling medical devices. As an understanding of the growth and impact of biofilm formation on these medical devices and biomaterials is vital for protecting the health of the human host, this book provides readers with a comprehensive treatise on biofilms and their relationship with medical devices, also reporting on infections and associated strategies for prevention. Provides useful information on the fundamentals of biofilm problems in medical devices Discusses biofilm problems in a range of medical devices Focuses on strategies for prevention of biofilm formation

Medical Biofilms

Medical Biofilms
  • Author : Jana Jass,Susanne Surman,James Walker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-04-02
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 0471988677
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Summary : Biofilms are formed by microorganisms growing on surfaces and comprise a series of microcolonies interspersed with spaces through which fluids and other microorganisms move. In medicine, the primary problems are biofilms associated with implants: infections are increasingly difficult to treat with traditional antibiotics and removal of the implant often becomes essential, frequently leading to higher morbidity and mortality. This will be the first book dedicated to medical biofilms. It will cover much recent information on the problems of biofilms, how to detect them and how to control their presence.

Basic Guide to Infection Prevention and Control in Dentistry

Basic Guide to Infection Prevention and Control in Dentistry
  • Author : Caroline L. Pankhurst,Wilson A. Coulter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-17
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781119164982
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Summary : Classification of anatomical waste and teeth

Biofilm Infections

Biofilm Infections
  • Author : Thomas Bjarnsholt,Peter Østrup Jensen,Claus Moser,Niels Høiby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-11
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 1489982280
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Summary : This book will cover both the evidence for biofilms in many chronic bacterial infections as well as the problems facing these infections such as diagnostics and treatment regimes. A still increasing interest and emphasis on the sessile bacterial lifestyle biofilms has been seen since it was realized that that less than 0.1% of the total microbial biomass lives in the planktonic mode of growth. The term was coined in 1978 by Costerton et al. who defined the term biofilm for the first time.In 1993 the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) recognised that the biofilmmode of growth was relevant to microbiology. Lately many articles have been published on the clinical implications of bacterial biofilms. Both original articles and reviews concerning the biofilm problem are available.

Microbial Biofilms

Microbial Biofilms
  • Author : Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran,Nooruddin Thajuddin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-13
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9789535124351
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Summary : In the book Microbial Biofilms: Importance and applications, eminent scientists provide an up-to-date review of the present and future trends on biofilm-related research. This book is divided with four subdivisions as biofilm fundamentals, applications, health aspects, and their control. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on microbial interactions in biofilms, pyocyanin, and extracellular DNA in facilitating Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation, atomic force microscopic studies of biofilms, and biofilms in beverage industry. The book comprises a total of 21 chapters from valued contributions from world leading experts in Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Serbia, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Poland, Portugal, and Turkey. This book may be used as a text or reference for everyone interested in biofilms and their applications. It is also highly recommended for environmental microbiologists, soil scientists, medical microbiologists, bioremediation experts, and microbiologists working in biocorrosion, biofouling, biodegradation, water microbiology, quorum sensing, and many other related areas. Scientists in academia, research laboratories, and industry will also find it of interest.

Biofilm Eradication and Prevention

Biofilm Eradication and Prevention
  • Author : Tamilvanan Shunmugaperumal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-28
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 1118043553
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Summary : Biofilm Eradication and Preventions presents the basics of biofilm formation on medical devices, diseases related to this formation, and approaches pharmaceutical researchers need to take to limit this problem. Split into three parts, the first deals with the development and characterization of biofilm on the surfaces of implanted or inserted medical devices. Questions as to why biofilms form over medical device surfaces and what triggers biofilm formation are addressed. In the second section, the author discusses biofilm-mediated chronic infections occurred in various organs (eyes, mouth, wounds) and pharmaceutical and drug delivery knowledge gained from research in these area. The third part explores pharmaceutical approaches like lipid-and polymer-based drug delivery carriers for eradicating biofilm on device-related infections. In addition, this section also explores the topic of novel small molecule (like iron and its complexes/metal chelators) and a quorum-sensing inhibitors to control medical biofilm formation.

Microbial Biofilms

Microbial Biofilms
  • Author : Mahmoud Ghannoum,George A. O'toole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-12
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 1555818943
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Summary : A comprehensive introduction to this exciting and developing field. Covers broad topics, including biofilm development, antibiotic resistance, architecture, and the roles these communities play in disease and industry, and incorporates both bacteria and fungi. Includes a chapter on the history of biofilm biology, written by one of the pioneers in the field, and concludes with ruminations on future directions. Serves as a resource for environmental microbiologists, medical and clinical microbiologists, geologists, biomedical engineers, biotechnologists, and non-experts interested in learning about biofilms, as well as graduate students in biofilm biology courses."

Infection Prevention and Control in the Hospital, An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics - E-Book

Infection Prevention and Control in the Hospital, An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics - E-Book
  • Author : Keith S. Kaye
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-16
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781455709342
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Summary : Over the past several decades, “infection control has become a rapidly growing multidisciplinary field of incredible importance with regard to the safety of patients and healthcare workers, regulation and accreditation of healthcare facilities, and finances. The focus of this field has increasingly turned to prevention rather than control of hospital-acquired infections. This issue will bring the infectious disease specialist up to date on important topics such as hand hygiene, sterilization, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, antibiotic stewardship, and specific infections of particular concern.

Bacterial Biofilms

Bacterial Biofilms
  • Author : Tony Romeo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-02-26
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 3540754180
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Summary : Throughout the biological world, bacteria thrive predominantly in surface-attached, matrix-enclosed, multicellular communities or biofilms, as opposed to isolated planktonic cells. This choice of lifestyle is not trivial, as it involves major shifts in the use of genetic information and cellular energy, and has profound consequences for bacterial physiology and survival. Growth within a biofilm can thwart immune function and antibiotic therapy and thereby complicate the treatment of infectious diseases, especially chronic and foreign device-associated infections. Modern studies of many important biofilms have advanced well beyond the descriptive stage, and have begun to provide molecular details of the structural, biochemical, and genetic processes that drive biofilm formation and its dispersion. There is much diversity in the details of biofilm development among various species, but there are also commonalities. In most species, environmental and nutritional conditions greatly influence biofilm development. Similar kinds of adhesive molecules often promote biofilm formation in diverse species. Signaling and regulatory processes that drive biofilm development are often conserved, especially among related bacteria. Knowledge of such processes holds great promise for efforts to control biofilm growth and combat biofilm-associated infections. This volume focuses on the biology of biofilms that affect human disease, although it is by no means comprehensive. It opens with chapters that provide the reader with current perspectives on biofilm development, physiology, environmental, and regulatory effects, the role of quorum sensing, and resistance/phenotypic persistence to antimicrobial agents during biofilm growth.

Microbial Biofilms in Healthcare

Microbial Biofilms in Healthcare
  • Author : Karen Vickery
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-16
  • Total pages :166
  • ISBN : 9783039284108
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Summary : Biofilms are ubiquitous and their presence in industry can lead to production losses. However, nowhere do biofilms impact human health and welfare as much as those that are found contaminating the healthcare environment, surgical instruments, equipment, and medical implantable devices. Approximately 70% of healthcare-associated infections are due to biofilm formation, resulting in increased patient morbidity and mortality. Biofilms formed on medical implants are recalcitrant to antibiotic treatment, which leaves implant removal as the principal treatment option. In this book, we investigate the role of biofilms in breast and dental implant disease and cancer. We include in vitro models for investigating treatment of chronic wounds and disinfectant action against Candida sp. Also included are papers on the most recent strategies for treating biofilm infection ranging from antibiotics incorporated into bone void fillers to antimicrobial peptides and quorum sensing.

The Royal Marsden Manual of Clinical Nursing Procedures

The Royal Marsden Manual of Clinical Nursing Procedures
  • Author : Lisa Dougherty,Sara Lister,Alex West-Oram
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-06
  • Total pages :848
  • ISBN : 9781118746677
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Summary : 'A Fantastic Book. Every Nurse should own one.' 'Amazing must have BIBLE for every student nurse and nurse :).' 'The best investment I've ever made and will be useful for many, many years.' 'This book is perfect to learn about a variety of clinical procedures to help you improve your practice, making it safe and ensuring it is evidence based.' Amazon readers The Royal Marsden Manual of Clinical Nursing Procedures has been the number one choice for nurses since it first published, over 30 years ago. One of the world's most popular books on clinical skills and procedures, it provides detailed procedure guidelines based on the latest research findings and expert clinical advice, enabling nurses and students to deliver clinically effective patient-focused care. The ninth edition of this essential, definitive guide, written especially for pre-registration nursing students, now includes a range of new learning features throughout each chapter that have been designed to support student nurses to support learning in clinical practice. Providing essential information on over 200 procedures, this manual contains all the skills and changes in practice that reflect modern acute nursing care. Learning features in the book include: 'Learning outcomes'- a summary of the topics covered in a chapter. 'Check your knowledge'- lets you check how much you know about the topic already. 'Learning in practice'- asks you to consider issues within your practice environment. 'Case studies'- provide learning around a particular patient case. 'Scenarios'- challenge you to think how you would act in a given situation. 'Key point boxes' - highlight the essential points to remember. 'Learning exercises'- test yourself after each chapter.

Bacterial Pathogenesis and Antibacterial Control

Bacterial Pathogenesis and Antibacterial Control
  • Author : Sahra Kırmusaoğlu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-30
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 9781789231601
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Summary : Bacterial pathogens have been becoming the main problem in hospital and community-acquired infections. It is hard to treat the strains that are resistant to antibiotics, due to the causing recurrent and untreatable infections. In recent years, the combination treatments and the novel technologies have been preferred to overcome the emergence of antibacterial resistance of pathogens. In this book, examples of pathogenesis by clinical cases, control by antibiotics and bioactive antimicrobials, control by novel technologies with the collection of up-to-date researches and reviews are presented. This book can be useful for researchers interested in antibacterials, bioactive compounds, and novel technologies.

Recent Advances in the Field of Urinary Tract Infections

Recent Advances in the Field of Urinary Tract Infections
  • Author : Thomas Nelius
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-10
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9789535111801
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Summary : Urinary tract infections (UTI) continue to be under the most common bacterial infections worldwide. Diagnostic and treatment have substantial financial burden on society. In the USA, UTIs are responsible for more than 7 million physician visits annually and about 15% of all community-prescribed antibiotics in the USA are dispensed for UTIs. About 50% of women will experience at least one UTI episode during lifetime, about 1 million emergency department visits due to UTI in the USA alone, resulting in more than 100 000 hospital admissions annually, most often for pyelonephritis. Moreover, UTIs are also the leading cause of hospital-acquired infections, accounting for approximately 40% of all such cases. The majority of these cases are catheter-associated. Therefore, nosocomial UTIs comprise perhaps the largest institutional reservoir for nosocomial antibiotic-resistant pathogens. Beside the economic impact, UTIs affect also significantly the quality of life of the affected population. The aim of this book is to highlight problematic aspects and recent advances in the field of UTIs. The book is divided in three parts.

Medical Biofilms

Medical Biofilms
  • Author : Jana Jass,Susanne Surman,James Walker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-04-02
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 0471988677
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Summary : Biofilms are formed by microorganisms growing on surfaces and comprise a series of microcolonies interspersed with spaces through which fluids and other microorganisms move. In medicine, the primary problems are biofilms associated with implants: infections are increasingly difficult to treat with traditional antibiotics and removal of the implant often becomes essential, frequently leading to higher morbidity and mortality. This will be the first book dedicated to medical biofilms. It will cover much recent information on the problems of biofilms, how to detect them and how to control their presence.

Biofilms in Human Diseases: Treatment and Control

Biofilms in Human Diseases: Treatment and Control
  • Author : Sunil Kumar,Niharika Chandra,Leena Singh,Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi,Ajit Varma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-19
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9783030307578
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Summary : This book highlights treatment strategies for bacterial biofilms in connection with a variety of human diseases. In particular, it reviews bacterial biofilm formation and its mechanism. Topics covered include biofilms in human health, the role of biofilms in mediating human diseases, and methods for testing bacterial biofilms. Further sections concentrate on biofilm-mediated diseases in different parts of the human gastrointestinal tract, while therapeutic strategies for biofilm control and natural agents that disrupt bacterial biofilms are also covered. Readers will also find the latest advances in probiotics and biofilms, as well as the use of probiotics to counteract biofilm-associated infections. Biofilms and antimicrobial resistance are discussed. Subsequent chapters address the management of inflammatory bowel disease via probiotics biofilms, as well as the role of probiotics bacteria in the treatment of human diseases associated with bacterial biofilms. The book is chiefly intended for clinicians/scientists in the fields of medical microbiology, applied microbiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology.

Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology

Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology
  • Author : Manuel Simoes,Anabel Borges,Lucia Chaves Simoes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-04
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780128194980
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Summary : Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology helps researchers working on fundamental aspects of biofilm formation and control conduct biofilm studies and interpret results. The book provides a remarkable amount of knowledge on the processes that regulate biofilm formation, the methods used, monitoring characterization and mathematical modeling, the problems/advantages caused by their presence in the food industry, environment and medical fields, and the current and emergent strategies for their control. Research on biofilms has progressed rapidly in the last decade due to the fact that biofilms have required the development of new analytical tools and new collaborations between biologists, engineers and mathematicians. Presents an overview of the process of biofilm formation and its implications Provides a clearer understanding of the role of biofilms in infections Creates a foundation for further research on novel control strategies Updates readers on the remarkable amount of knowledge on the processes that regulate biofilm formation

Control of Biofilm Infections by Signal Manipulation

Control of Biofilm Infections by Signal Manipulation
  • Author : Naomi Balaban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-28
  • Total pages :175
  • ISBN : 3540738533
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Summary : The number of patients affected by and dying from what can be considered as a "biofilm disease" is higher than heart disease and cancer combined. Thus, this is a hugely important work that describes the molecular mechanisms of cell-to-cell communication among bacterial cells in a biofilm, the development of antibiofilm inhibitors such as quorum-sensing inhibitors, and the use of biofilm inhibitors to prevent and treat bacterial infections in humans and other animals.

Antibiofilm Agents

Antibiofilm Agents
  • Author : Kendra P. Rumbaugh,Iqbal Ahmad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-08
  • Total pages :497
  • ISBN : 9783642538339
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Summary : This book provides a survey of recent advances in the development of antibiofilm agents for clinical and environmental applications. The fact that microbes exist in structured communities called biofilms has slowly become accepted within the medical community. We now know that over 80% of all infectious diseases are biofilm-related; however, significant challenges still lie in our ability to diagnose and treat these extremely recalcitrant infections. Written by experts from around the globe, this book offers a valuable resource for medical professionals seeking to treat biofilm-related disease, academic and industry researchers interested in drug discovery and instructors who teach courses on microbial pathogenesis and medical microbiology.