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Biogeochemistry

Biogeochemistry
  • Author : William H. Schlesinger,Emily S. Bernhardt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9780123858740
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Summary : "Biogeochemistry considers how the basic chemical conditions of the Earth-from atmosphere to soil to seawater-have been and are being affected by the existence of life. Human activities in particular, from the rapid consumption of resources to the destruction of the rainforests and the expansion of smog-covered cities, are leading to rapid changes in the basic chemistry of the Earth. This expansive text pulls together the numerous fields of study encompassed by biogeochemistry to analyze the increasing demands of the growing human population on limited resources and the resulting changes in the planet's chemical makeup. The book helps students extrapolate small-scale examples to the global level, and also discusses the instrumentation being used by NASA and its role in studies of global change. With extensive cross-referencing of chapters, figures and tables, and an interdisciplinary coverage of the topic at hand, this updated edition provides an excellent framework for courses examining global change and environmental chemistry, and is also a useful self-study guide."--Publisher's website.

Biogeochemistry of Inland Waters

Biogeochemistry of Inland Waters
  • Author : Gene E. Likens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-20
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 0123819970
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Summary : A derivative of the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Biogeochemistry of Inland Waters examines the transformation, flux and cycling of chemical compounds in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, combining aspects of biology, ecology, geology, and chemistry. Because the articles are drawn from an encyclopedia, they are easily accessible to interested members of the public, such as conservationists and environmental decision makers. This derivative text describes biogeochemical cycles of organic and inorganic elements and compounds in freshwater ecosystems.

Bacterial Biogeochemistry

Bacterial Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Tom Fenchel,Gary M. King,Henry Blackburn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-06-02
  • Total pages :307
  • ISBN : 0121034550
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Summary : Bacterial Biogeochemistry, Second Edition focuses on bacterial metabolism and its relevance to the environment, including the decomposition of soil, food chains, nitrogen fixation, assimilation and reduction of carbon nitrogen and sulfur, and microbial symbiosis. The scope of the new edition has broadened to provide a historical perspective, and covers in greater depth topics such as bioenergetic processes, characteristics of microbial communities, spacial heterogeneity, transport mechanisms, microbial biofilms, extreme environments and evolution of biogeochemical cycles. Key Features * Provides up-to-date coverage with an enlarged scope, a new historical perspective, and coverage in greater depth of topics of special interest * Covers interactions between microbial processes, atmospheric composition and the earth's greenhouse properties * Completely rewritten to incorporate all the advances and discoveries of the last 20 years

Biogeochemistry of Ancient and Modern Environments

Biogeochemistry of Ancient and Modern Environments
  • Author : P. A. Trudinger,M. R. Walter,B. J. Ralph
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1980-01-01
  • Total pages :726
  • ISBN : 0858470624
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Summary : This volume contains a selection of papers presented to the Fourth Internation~l Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB), and a conference on Biogeochemistry in Relation to Mining Industry and Environmental Pollution (Leaching Conference), held in Canberra, Aust ralia on August 26-31 and September 3-4, 1979, respectively. The ISEB were established to provide "a forum for uninhibited exchange of information and ideas among the biological, chemical, atmospheric and geolorical scientists working in the common area of biogeochemistry, encompassing soil and other earth sciences as well as the hydrosphere and atmosphere", By linking the fourth ISEB with the Leachin~ Conference the scope of discussions was extended to encompass the application of biogeochemical processes to the mining industry. This wide-ranging philosophy is reflected in the breadth and diversity of the subjects covered in this book. The published papers are expanded versions of those presented at the meetings. They have all been scrutinized by at least one referee in addition to the editors. About 20% of the contributions to the meetings are not included, either because authors did not wish to publish or because the papers were not accepted by the editors.

Application of Biogeochemistry to Mineral Prospecting

Application of Biogeochemistry to Mineral Prospecting
  • Author : North American Rockwell Corporation. Rocketdyne Division
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1968
  • Total pages :134
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000657125
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Summary :

Proceedings of Extended Abstracts from the Fourth International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements

Proceedings of Extended Abstracts from the Fourth International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :785
  • ISBN : PSU:000043332311
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Summary :

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter
  • Author : Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-02
  • Total pages :712
  • ISBN : 9780124071537
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Summary : Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM

Ecosystem Biogeochemistry

Ecosystem Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Christopher S. Cronan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-05
  • Total pages :203
  • ISBN : 9783319664446
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Summary : This textbook presents a comprehensive process-oriented approach to biogeochemistry that is intended to appeal to readers who want to go beyond a general exposure to topics in biogeochemistry, and instead are seeking a holistic understanding of the interplay of biotic and environmental drivers in the cycling of elements in forested watersheds. The book is organized around a core set of ecosystem processes and attributes that collectively help to generate the whole-system structure and function of a terrestrial ecosystem. In the first nine chapters, a conceptual framework is developed based on distinct soil, microbial, plant, atmospheric, hydrologic, and geochemical processes that are integrated in the element cycling behavior of watershed ecosystems. With that conceptual foundation in place, students then proceed to the final three chapters where they are challenged to think critically about integrated element cycling patterns; roles for biogeochemical models; the likely impacts of disturbance, stress, and management on watershed biogeochemistry; and linkages among patterns and processes in watersheds experiencing novel environmental changes. Included with the text are figures, tables of comparative data, extensive literature citations, a glossary of terms, an index, and a set of 24 biogeochemical problems with answers. The problems are intended to support chapter concepts and to demonstrate how critical thinking skills, simple algebra, and thoughtful human logic can be used to solve applied problems in biogeochemistry that might be encountered by a research scientist or a resource manager. Using this book as an introduction to biogeochemistry, students will achieve a level of subject mastery and disciplinary perspective that will permit them to see and to interpret the individual components, interactions, and synergies that are represented in the dynamic element cycling patterns of watershed ecosystems.

Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry

Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Susan Libes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-29
  • Total pages :928
  • ISBN : 0080916643
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Summary : Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry focuses on the ocean's role in the biogeochemical cycling of selected elements and the impact of humans on the cycling of these elements. Among the topics covered are the chemical composition of seawater from the perspectives of elemental speciation and the impacts of solutes on water's physical behavior; biogeochemical phenomena which control accumulation and preservation of marine sediments; marine chemistry of radioactive and stable isotopes; and seawater pollution. The book contains many examples as well as steady-state models to aid readers in understanding this growing and complex science.. The focus of Introduction to Marine Biogeochemistry is the concept of the ocean as a system, linking land and atmospheric processes The text integrates the most current research, allowing students to learn concepts in context Includes detailed coverage of computational aspects

Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems

Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems
  • Author : Kenneth D. Black,Graham B. Shimmield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-03
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9781000725070
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Summary : Marine systems vary in their sensitivities to perturbation. Perturbation may be insidious - such as increasing eutrophication of coastal areas - or it may be dramatic - such as a response to an oil spill or some other accident. Climate change may occur incrementally or it may be abrupt, and ecosystem resilience is likely to be a complex function of the interactions of the factors and species mediating key biogeochemical processes. Biogeochemistry of Marine Systems considers issues of marine system resilience, focusing on a range of marine systems that exemplify major global province types. Each system is interesting in its own right, on account of its sensitivity to natural or anthropogenic change or its importance as an ecological service provider. Each contributing author concentrates on advances of the last decade. This prime reference source for marine biogeochemists, marine ecologists, and global systems scientists provides a strong foundation for the study of the multiple marine systems undergoing change because of natural biochemical or anthropogenic factors.

Perspectives on Biogeochemistry

Perspectives on Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Egon T. Degens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :427
  • ISBN : 9783642488795
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Summary : Perspectives on Biogeochemistry is an account of the origin of forces and matter at the dawn of time, and the way they evolved to planet Earth of today. Several fields of natural sciences are consulted to present a coherent view on the cycling of terrestrial elements and molecules, both organic and inorganic, in the course of time. Critical data are drawn together from astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, and geology in order to provide some understanding of the complexity of the system Earth. In this book, E.T. Degens abstracts his knowledge of biogeochemical interactions acquired in more than thirty years of research and teaching. Students and anyone in the natural sciences wanting to familiarize themselves with phenomena prevailing at the periphery of their disciplines will profit by the very thorough and personal view of this pressing topic.

Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem

Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem
  • Author : Gene E. Likens,F.Herbert Bormann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-01
  • Total pages :159
  • ISBN : 9781461242321
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Summary : When we originally published Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem in 1977, the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES) had been in existence for 14 years, and we included data through 1974, or a biogeo chemical record of 11 years. Now our continuous, long-term biogeo chemical records cover more than 31 years, and there have been many changes. The most notable change, however, is that three of our coauthors on the original volume are now deceased. They are deeply missed in so many ways. In spite of the longer records, different trends, and new insights, we believe that the basic concepts and approaches we presented in 1977 represent the most valuable contribution of the original edition. They are still valid and useful, particularly for an introductory study of, or course in, biogeochemistry. Our goal in this revision is to preserve these fea tures, correct errors, and revise or eliminate misleading or ambiguous short-term data (11 years!), while maintaining approximately the original length and the modest cost.

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands
  • Author : K. Ramesh Reddy,Ronald D. DeLaune
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780203491454
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Summary : Wetland ecosystems maintain a fragile balance of soil, water, plant, and atmospheric components in order to regulate water flow, flooding, and water quality. Marginally covered in traditional texts on biogeochemistry or on wetland soils, Biogeochemistry of Wetlands is the first to focus entirely on the biological, geological, physical, and chemical

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Jack J. Middelburg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-25
  • Total pages :118
  • ISBN : 9783030108229
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Summary : This open access book discusses biogeochemical processes relevant to carbon and aims to provide readers, graduate students and researchers, with insight into the functioning of marine ecosystems. A carbon centric approach has been adopted, but other elements are included where relevant or needed. The book focuses on concepts and quantitative understanding of primary production, organic matter mineralization and sediment biogeochemistry. The impact of biogeochemical processes on inorganic carbon dynamics and organic matter transformation are also discussed.

The Stable Carbon Isotope Biogeochemistry of Acetate and Methane in Freshwater Environments

The Stable Carbon Isotope Biogeochemistry of Acetate and Methane in Freshwater Environments
  • Author : Jeffrey Todd Gelwicks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : IND:30000003811605
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Summary :

Bacterial Biogeochemistry

Bacterial Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Tom Fenchel,Henry Blackburn,Gary M. King
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-24
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780124159747
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Summary : Bacterial Biogeochemistry, Third Edition focuses on bacterial metabolism and its relevance to the environment, including the decomposition of soil, food chains, nitrogen fixation, assimilation and reduction of carbon nitrogen and sulfur, and microbial symbiosis. The scope of the new edition has broadened to provide a historical perspective, and covers in greater depth topics such as bioenergetic processes, characteristics of microbial communities, spatial heterogeneity, transport mechanisms, microbial biofilms, extreme environments and evolution of biogeochemical cycles. Provides up-to-date coverage with an enlarged scope, a new historical perspective, and coverage in greater depth of topics of special interest Covers interactions between microbial processes, atmospheric composition and the earth's greenhouse properties Completely rewritten to incorporate all the advances and discoveries of the last 20 years such as applications in the exploration for ore deposits and oil and in remediation of environmental pollution

Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration

Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration
  • Author : Colin E. Dunn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-30
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0080546498
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Summary : Significant refinements of biogeochemical methods applied to mineral exploration have been made during more than twenty years since the last major publication on this technique. This innovative, practical and comprehensive text is designed as a field handbook and an office reference volume. It outlines the historical development of biogeochemical methods applied to mineral exploration, and provides details of what, how, why and when to collect samples from all major climatic environments with examples from around the world. Recent commercialization of sophisticated analytical technology permits immensely more insight into the multi-element composition of plants. In particular, precise determination of ultra-trace levels of ‘pathfinder’ elements in dry tissues and recognition of element distribution patterns with respect to concealed mineralization. Data handling and interpretation are discussed in context of a wealth of previously unpublished information, including a section on plant mineralogy, much of which has been classified as confidential until recently. Data are provided on the biogeochemistry of more than 60 elements and, by case history examples, their roles discussed in assisting in the discovery of concealed mineral deposits. A look to the future includes the potential role of bacteria to provide new focus for mineral exploration. Analyses of samples from the controlled environment of Britain’s Eden Project are presented on an accompanying CD as part of a database that includes, also, the potential role of the halogens to assist in mineral exploration. Data on this CD provide a ‘hands-on’ approach for the reader to interrogate and personally assess real datasets from the burgeoning discipline of biogeochemical exploration. * Describes the practical aspects of plant selection and collection in different environments around the world, and how to process and analyze them * Discusses more than 60 elements in plants, with data interpretation and case history results that include exploration for Au, PGEs, U, base metals and kimberlites * Contains databases as digital files on an accompanying CD for "hands-on" experimentation with real biogeochemical data

Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry

Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Delphis F. Levia,Darryl Carlyle-Moses,Tadashi Tanaka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-15
  • Total pages :740
  • ISBN : 9400713630
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Summary : This international rigorously peer-reviewed volume critically synthesizes current knowledge in forest hydrology and biogeochemistry. It is a one-stop comprehensive reference tool for researchers and practitioners in the fields of hydrology, biogeoscience, ecology, forestry, boundary-layer meteorology, and geography. Following an introductory chapter tracing the historical roots of the subject, the book is divided into the following main sections: · Sampling and Novel Approaches · Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry by Ecoregion and Forest Type · Hydrologic and Biogeochemical Fluxes from the Canopy to the Phreatic Surface · Hydrologic and Biogeochemical Fluxes in Forest Ecosystems: Effects of Time, Stressors, and Humans The volume concludes with a final chapter that reflects on the current state of knowledge and identifies some areas in need of further research.

Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry
  • Author : Michael J.R. Fasham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9783642558443
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Summary : Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Climate System

Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Climate System
  • Author : Ernst-Detlef Schulze,Martin Heimann,Sandy Harrison,Elisabeth Holland,Jonathan Lloyd,Ian Colin Prentice,David S. Schimel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-08-10
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 0080507409
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Summary : The interactions of biogeochemical cycles influence and maintain our climate system. Land use and fossil fuel emissions are currently impacting the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur on land, in the atmosphere, and in the oceans. This edited volume brings together 27 scholarly contributions on the state of our knowledge of earth system interactions among the oceans, land, and atmosphere. A unique feature of this treatment is the focus on the paleoclimatic and paleobiotic context for investigating these complex interrelationships. * Eight-page colour insert to highlight the latest research * A unique feature of this treatment is the focus on the paleoclimatic context for investigating these complex interrelationships.

The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin

The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin
  • Author : Michael E. McClain,Reynaldo L. Victoria,Jeffrey Edward Richey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :365
  • ISBN : 9780195114317
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Summary : This book of original chapters provides the first comprehensive look at the progress being made toward understanding the biogeochemistry of both natural and managed Amazon ecosystems.