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Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective

Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective
  • Author : Anoop Singh,Dheeraj Rathore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-22
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9788132235774
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Summary : Increase in green, renewable and sustainable energy demand due to higher environmental impacts (e.g. Greenhouse gases emissions, climate change, etc.) on consumption of fossil fuel resource put down an extra pressure on government, researchers and industrialists. Among several available biofuel options, biohydrogen is considered as one of the best environmentally clean fuel and a strong candidate to fulfil the future demand of sustainable energy resource. Although, biohydrogen production technology and its use as a fuel is still in infancy stage. Selection of most sustainable production pathway, increase in production upto industrial scale and cost efficiency are some issue still persist with the biohydrogen research. “Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective” is giving an insight for the sustainable production of biohydrogen at industrial scale. The process of biohydrogen production is complex and to opt the best suited production system for industrial scale is a frantic task. This book will provide an in depth information on all available technologies for biohydrogen production and feedstock options to choose upon. This book is also providing information on present status of the research in the field and possibility to change future fuel economy in to biohydrogen economy. Experts views provided in the chapters by renowned researchers from all over the globe in the field of biohydrogen research made this book a cornucopia of present research and future perspective of biohydrogen. This book is targeted at the researchers working on biohydrogen as well as the bioenergy scientist planning to move towards biohydrogen research. This book will provide a platform for motivation of researchers and industrialists for innovative ideas and thoughts to bring biohydrogen production at industrial scale.

BioHydrogen

BioHydrogen
  • Author : Oskar R. Zaborsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-26
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 1475785534
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Summary : The world needs clean and renewable energy and hydrogen represents an almost ideal resource. Hydrogen is the simplest and most abundant molecule in the universe, yet one that is a challenge to produce from renewable resources. Biohydrogen, or hydrogen produced from renewable resources such as water or organic wastes by biological means, is a goal worthy of increased global attention and resources. The purpose of BioHydrogen '97 was to bring together leaders in the biological p- duction of hydrogen from the United States, Japan, Europe, and elsewhere to exchange scientific and technical information and catalyze further cooperative programs. Parti- pants came from at least different countries representing academia, industry, and g- ernment. Especially important participants were young research scientists and engineers: the next generation of contributors. The conference consisted of plenary presentations, topical sessions, posters, and mini-workshop discussions on key areas of biohydrogen. It was designed to maximize - formation exchange, personal interaction among participants, and formulate new inter- tional initiatives. BioHydrogen '97 was an outgrowth of an international workshop convened by the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE) and was held in Tokyo, Japan, November 24-25, 1994. The RITE workshop was highly successful but largely l- ited to traditional biochemical and biological studies and not engineering research topics.

Biohydrogen III

Biohydrogen III
  • Author : Matthias Rogner,Yasuo Igarashi,Yasuo Asada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-02-19
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 0080472117
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Summary : Hydrogen is an almost ideal fuel and its wider use will result in an improvement in the environment due to factors including decreased air pollution. Hydrogen is the element of greatest abundance in the universe; however, its production from renewable resources remains a major challenge. The papers presented within this volume enhance and expand upon presentations made at the "Workshop on Biohydrogen 2002". Biohydrogen III evaluates the current status of Biohydrogen research worldwide and consider future research directions. Important research on new fuel opportunities 15 contributions from the world's leading experts

Biohydrogen Production

Biohydrogen Production
  • Author : Debabrata Das,Namita Khanna,Chitralekha Nag Dasgupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-21
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781466517998
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Summary : Biohydrogen Production: Fundamentals and Technology Advances covers the fundamentals of biohydrogen production technology, including microbiology, biochemistry, feedstock requirements, and molecular biology of the biological hydrogen production processes. It also gives insight into scale-up problems and limitations. In addition, the book discusses mathematical modeling of the various processes involved in biohydrogen production and the software required to model the processes. The book summarizes research advances that have been made in this field and discusses bottlenecks of the various processes, which presently limit the commercialization of this technology. The authors also focus on the process economy, policy, and environmental impact of this technology, since the future of biohydrogen production depends not only on research advances, but also on economic considerations (the cost of fossil fuels), social espousal, and the development of H2 energy systems. The book describes the fundamentals of this technology interwoven with more advanced research findings. Further reading is suggested at the end of each chapter. Since the beauty of any innovation is its applicability, socioeconomic impact, and cost energy analysis, the book examines each of these points to give you a holistic picture of this technology. Illustrative diagrams, flow charts, and comprehensive tables detailing the scientific advancements provide an opportunity to understand the process comprehensively and meticulously. Written in a lucid style, the book supplies a complete knowledge bank about biohydrogen production processes.

Biohydrogen Production

Biohydrogen Production
  • Author : Debabrata Das,Namita Khanna,Chitralekha Nag Dasgupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-27
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 1138073202
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Summary : Biohydrogen Production: Fundamentals and Technology Advances covers the fundamentals of biohydrogen production technology, including microbiology, biochemistry, feedstock requirements, and molecular biology of the biological hydrogen production processes. It also gives insight into scale-up problems and limitations. In addition, the book discusses mathematical modeling of the various processes involved in biohydrogen production and the software required to model the processes. The book summarizes research advances that have been made in this field and discusses bottlenecks of the various processes, which presently limit the commercialization of this technology. The authors also focus on the process economy, policy, and environmental impact of this technology, since the future of biohydrogen production depends not only on research advances, but also on economic considerations (the cost of fossil fuels), social espousal, and the development of H2 energy systems. The book describes the fundamentals of this technology interwoven with more advanced research findings. Further reading is suggested at the end of each chapter. Since the beauty of any innovation is its applicability, socioeconomic impact, and cost energy analysis, the book examines each of these points to give you a holistic picture of this technology. Illustrative diagrams, flow charts, and comprehensive tables detailing the scientific advancements provide an opportunity to understand the process comprehensively and meticulously. Written in a lucid style, the book supplies a complete knowledge bank about biohydrogen production processes.

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : Ayhan Demirbas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-30
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9781848825116
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Summary : Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands covers the production, purification, storage, pipeline transport, usage, and safety of biohydrogen. Hydrogen promises to be the most significant fuel source of the future, due to its global availability and the fact that water is its only by-product. Biofuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-oil, and biohydrogen are produced using technologies for thermochemically and biologically converting biomass. Hydrogen fuel production technologies can make use of either non-renewable sources, or renewable sources such as wind, solar, and biorenewable resources. Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands reviews all of the modern biomass-based transportation fuels, including bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas, biohydrogen, and fuel cells. The book also discusses issues of biohydrogen economy, policy and environmental impact. Biohydrogen looks set to be the fuel of choice in the future, replacing both fossil fuels and biorenewable liquid fuels.

State of the Art and Progress in Production of Biohydrogen

State of the Art and Progress in Production of Biohydrogen
  • Author : Nuri Azbar,David B. Levin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :275
  • ISBN : 9781608052240
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Summary : "Energy is vital to global prosperity, yet dependence on fossil fuels as our primary energy source contributes to global climate change, environmental degradation, and health problems1. J.O.'.M. Bockris, The origin of ideas on a hydrogen economy and its so"

Bioenergy Systems for the Future

Bioenergy Systems for the Future
  • Author : Francesco Dalena,Angelo Basile,Claudio Rossi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-19
  • Total pages :628
  • ISBN : 9780081010266
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Summary : Bioenergy Systems for the Future: Prospects for Biofuels and Biohydrogen examines the current advances in biomass conversion technologies for biofuels and biohydrogen production, including their advantages and challenges for real-world application and industrial-scale implementation. In its first part, the book explores the use of lignocellulosic biomass and agricultural wastes as feedstock, also addressing biomass conversion into biofuels, such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-methane, and bio-gasoline. The chapters in Part II cover several different pathways for hydrogen production, from biomass, including bioethanol and bio-methane reforming and syngas conversion. They also include a comparison between the most recent conversion technologies and conventional approaches for hydrogen production. Part III presents the status of advanced bioenergy technologies, such as applications of nanotechnology and the use of bio-alcohol in low-temperature fuel cells. The role of advanced bioenergy in a future bioeconomy and the integration of these technologies into existing systems are also discussed, providing a comprehensive, application-oriented overview that is ideal for engineering professionals, researchers, and graduate students involved in bioenergy. Explores the most recent technologies for advanced liquid and gaseous biofuels production, along with their advantages and challenges Presents real-life application of conversion technologies and their integration in existing systems Includes the most promising pathways for sustainable hydrogen production for energy applications

BioHydrogen

BioHydrogen
  • Author : Oskar R. Zaborsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-01-31
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9780306460579
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Summary : The world needs clean and renewable energy and hydrogen represents an almost ideal resource. Hydrogen is the simplest and most abundant molecule in the universe, yet one that is a challenge to produce from renewable resources. Biohydrogen, or hydrogen produced from renewable resources such as water or organic wastes by biological means, is a goal worthy of increased global attention and resources. The purpose of BioHydrogen '97 was to bring together leaders in the biological p- duction of hydrogen from the United States, Japan, Europe, and elsewhere to exchange scientific and technical information and catalyze further cooperative programs. Parti- pants came from at least different countries representing academia, industry, and g- ernment. Especially important participants were young research scientists and engineers: the next generation of contributors. The conference consisted of plenary presentations, topical sessions, posters, and mini-workshop discussions on key areas of biohydrogen. It was designed to maximize - formation exchange, personal interaction among participants, and formulate new inter- tional initiatives. BioHydrogen '97 was an outgrowth of an international workshop convened by the Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE) and was held in Tokyo, Japan, November 24-25, 1994. The RITE workshop was highly successful but largely l- ited to traditional biochemical and biological studies and not engineering research topics.

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : Ashok Pandey,Jo-Shu Chang,Patrick C Hallenbeck,Christian Larroche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780444595485
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Summary : This book provides in-depth information on basic and applied aspects of biohydrogen production. It begins with an introduction to the topic, and follows with the basic scientific aspects of biohydrogen production, such as the enzyme involved in biohydrogen production, the microorganisms and metabolic engineering information. It then provides state-of-art information on various aspects of biohydrogen production methods such as from solid wastes, from industrial effluents, thermo-chemical route for biohydrogen production, etc. It also includes information on engineering aspects such as the design of bioreactors for biohydrogen production and scale-up issues. Finally, it touches on the issues of hydrogen economy and commercialization. The book introduces you to all aspects of biohydrogen research, helping you understand the various issues involved and plan your own research based on recent findings and commercial needs. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative biohydrogen technologies, including fermentation and metabolic processes Provides examples on large-scale and commercial applications of biohydrogen processes and explains the steps necessary for scaling-up Explains the chemistry/theory of the processes involved and provides information on integration of the various processes and technologies on biohydrogen Guides through the process design, reactors and materials selection Devotes a whole chapter on the economical aspects of the processes and their commercialization

Biohydrogen Production from Organic Wastes

Biohydrogen Production from Organic Wastes
  • Author : Jianlong Wang,Yanan Yin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-27
  • Total pages :433
  • ISBN : 9789811046759
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Summary : This book comprehensively introduces fundamentals and applications of fermentative hydrogen production from organic wastes, consisting of eight chapters, covering the microbiology, biochemistry and enzymology of hydrogen production, the enrichment of hydrogen-producing microorganisms, the pretreatment of various organic wastes for hydrogen production, the influence of different physicochemical factors on hydrogen production, the kinetic models and simulation of biological process of fermentative hydrogen production, the optimization of biological hydrogen production process and the fermentative hydrogen production from sewage sludge. The book summarizes the most recent advances that have been made in this field and discusses bottlenecks of further development. This book gives a holistic picture of this technology and details the knowledge through illustrative diagrams, flow charts, and comprehensive tables. It is intended for undergraduate and graduate students who are interested in bioenergy and wastes management, researchers exploring microbial fermentation process, and engineers working on system optimization or other bioenergy applications.

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen
  • Author : Quanguo Zhang,Chao He,Jingzheng Ren,Michael Evan Goodsite
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-14
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780128216590
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Summary : Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen: Volume 1: Advances in Theory and Experiments provides a comprehensive overview of the advances, processes and technologies for waste treatment to hydrogen production. It introduces and compares the most widely adopted and most promising technologies, such as dark fermentation, thermochemical and photosynthetic processes. In this part, potential estimation, feasibility analysis, feedstock pretreatment, advanced waste-to-biohydrogen processes and each individual systems element are examined. The book delves into the theoretical and experimental studies for the design and optimization of different waste-to-biohydrogen processes and systems. Covering several advanced waste-to-biohydrogen pretreatment and production processes, this book investigates the future trends and the promising pathways for biohydrogen production from waste. Discusses the potential, feasibility, progress, challenges and prospect of waste-to-biohydrogen technologies Explores the most promising waste-to-biohydrogen technologies including dark fermentation, thermochemical and photosynthetic processes Investigate the mechanisms and the effects of the influential factors on different waste-to-biohydrogen processes

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : Biswarup Sen,Chen-Yeon Chu,Chiu-Yue Lin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780128083642
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Summary : Extensive researches in the past have shown substantial improvement and development in both the yield and the volumetric production rates of biohydrogen. Yet, for commercial-scale applications that are cost-effective, biohydrogen yields and production rates must outdo significantly the existing accomplishments. Until now, there have been no reports of a commercial-scale biohydrogen production system in the world. This chapter deals with technoeconomic evaluation, fundaments of scale-up, and pilot-scale studies to help in the setup of a commercial-scale system. The scale-up process with the key component of kinetics and hydrodynamics of a fermenter is further supported by data mining of reported pilot-scale systems.

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen
  • Author : Quanguo Zhang,Chao He,Jingzheng Ren,Michael Evan Goodsite
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-30
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9780128216545
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Summary : Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen: Volume 1: Advances in Theory and Experiments provides a comprehensive overview of the advances, processes and technologies for waste treatment to hydrogen production. It introduces and compares the most widely adopted and most promising technologies, such as dark fermentation, thermochemical and photosynthetic processes. In this part, potential estimation, feasibility analysis, feedstock pretreatment, advanced waste-to-biohydrogen processes and each individual systems element are examined. The book delves into the theoretical and experimental studies for the design and optimization of different waste-to-biohydrogen processes and systems. Covering several advanced waste-to-biohydrogen pretreatment and production processes, this book investigates the future trends and the promising pathways for biohydrogen production from waste. Discusses the potential, feasibility, progress, challenges and prospect of waste-to-biohydrogen technologies Explores the most promising waste-to-biohydrogen technologies including dark fermentation, thermochemical and photosynthetic processes Investigate the mechanisms and the effects of the influential factors on different waste-to-biohydrogen processes

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : G. Balachandar,Namita Khanna,Debabrata Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780128083567
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Summary : Hydrogen can be produced sustainably by dark, anaerobic bacterial growth on carbohydrate-rich substrates. This chapter discuses microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, and the various other aspects related to dark hydrogen production. Pure cultures, known to produce hydrogen from carbohydrates, include species of Enterobacter and Clostridium. However, for efficient degradation of complex substrates, mixed cultures easily obtainable from natural sources and able to proliferate on nonsterile feedstock are required. Compared to pure substrates, complex substrates, especially different kinds of waste, may offer a sustainable and economical alternative for hydrogen production. However, for maximization of hydrogen production, different physicochemical processes need to be determined. In this regard, the various parameters affecting the dark hydrogen production process, which include pH, temperature, hydraulic retention time, and hydrogen partial pressure, have been discussed in detail. In addition, this chapter discusses the different types of reactors and their suitability to carry out studies on dark fermentative hydrogen production. Overall, the chapter presents a holistic understanding of the dark hydrogen production process and highlights the recent new findings and achievements in the field.

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : Kuan-Yeow Show,Duu-Jong Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780128083635
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Summary : In combating global warming and other environmental issues over the use of fossil fuels, extensive research has been focusing on developing hydrogen production from biological processes. Biohydrogen is considered a promising future biofuel because of its intrinsic clean and high-energy content properties and the way it is produced. In addition to being produced through environmentally friendly biological means, its conversion to energy yields only pure water, which is an ideal energy carrier in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion. Unlike other well-developed biofuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel, biohydrogen production is still in the early stage of development. A variety of technologies are being developed for biohydrogen production. This chapter presents a review of the state-of-the-art and perspectives of bioprocess design for biohydrogen production research in the context of pathways, microorganisms, metabolic flux analysis, process design, and reactor system. Challenges and prospects of biohydrogen production are also outlined.

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : Ganesh D. Saratale,Rijuta G. Saratale,Jo-Shu Chang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780128083598
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Summary : The world’s energy markets rely heavily on fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum, and natural gases). However, due to increasing energy demands, depleting reserves of fossil fuels, and increasing negative effects on the environment (e.g., global warming and climate changes), as well as growing political instability in oil-producing nations, the world is facing a major energy threat that needs to be solved by virtue of alternative energy sources utilizing renewable resources. The only natural, renewable carbon resource known with large enough capacity to substitute for fossil fuels is biomass. Thus, energy from biomass is considered to be one of the most promising alternatives to fossil fuels. Among the existing biomass energy/biofuels, biohydrogen has received considerable attention as it is clean, renewable, has a high energy content, and does not contribute to the greenhouse effect. Biomass is projected as a virtually eternal raw material for hydrogen (H2) production; however, the main bottleneck is the low hydrogen yield arising from poor efficiency on direct microbial assimilation of biomass. Therefore, technologies leading to more efficient and commercially viable production of biohydrogen from biomass and other renewable resources are urgently demanded. This chapter sheds light on some of the practical approaches of fermentative H2-generating processes utilizing a variety of biomass and renewable resources as substrate. This chapter also emphasizes biohydrogen production technology that could maximize hydrogen yield by designing efficient bioprocess integration and energy and waste minimization. Improving the hydrolysis of biomass has been recognized as a key step toward biohydrogen production. Considerable research efforts made on improving the pretreatment and hydrolysis of biomass materials are also addressed. Emphasis is given to discussion of the process based on important operating factors involved and to delineation of some of the process limitations. The aim of this chapter is to provide rapidly expanding information on biohydrogen production from renewable resources and to offer clues and possibilities for enhancing the performance of natural waste utilization and dark fermentative hydrogen production to resolve issues related to food security, climate change, energy security, and clean development in the future.

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : Thallada Bhaskar,Bhavya Balagurumurthy,Rawel Singh,Mukesh Kumar Poddar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780128083628
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Summary : Concerns over energy supply security, climate change as well as local air pollution and the increasing prices of energy services are having a growing impact on policy making throughout the world. Today’s energy and transport system, which is based mainly on fossil energy carriers, can in no way be evaluated as sustainable. Increasingly, hydrogen is being promoted as an alternative energy carrier for a sustainable future. For biological H2 systems to become commercially competitive, they must be able to synthesize H2 at rates that are sufficient for practical application. Thermochemical platform provides various efficient methods for conversion of residual biomass (agriculture, forest, and algal) into hydrogen in a single or two stage processes. The processes (gasification, pyrolysis, hydrothermal) and materials/catalysts employed for these processes can be modified to improve the efficiencies for stationary applications/transportation fuel. Integration of various technologies would help in the realisation of hydrogen economy in the future.

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : S. Venkata Mohan,K. Chandrasekhar,P. Chiranjeevi,P. Suresh Babu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780128083604
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Summary : Biohydrogen (H2) production from renewable wastewater signifies a sustainable alternative to a fossil fuel-based economy. H2 is deemed to be the futuristic energy carrier with a high-energy yield. This chapter specifically addresses H2 production through wastewater remediation. A comprehensive emphasis is made on the fermentative routes, namely, light-driven and light-independent processes, encompassing wastewater and mixed culture application as a focal point. Important process parameters that have critical roles on process efficiency are elaborated. Some of the persistent limitations encountered during the process operation are delineated. Stress is made on the pertinent discussion on biocatalyst pretreatment methods in the context of mixed culture wastewater usage. Reported strategies to overcome the limitations are discussed to make the process economically viable, especially for large-scale applications.

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen
  • Author : Man Kee Lam,Keat Teong Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-11
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780128083581
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Summary : Hydrogen is a clean, renewable and versatile energy carrier that could potentially replace fossil fuels. However, existing hydrogen production technologies require high-energy inputs from the combustion of fossil fuels, which is unsustainable in the long term. On the contrary, photobiological hydrogen production from microorganisms is an attractive alternative technology, in which the energy is derived from natural resources, such as sunlight and water, which are abundantly available. Research on microalgae-based hydrogen production has recently reached a significant milestone, but has yet to become a mature technology within a reasonable time. This chapter updates recent developments and limitations of biohydrogen production from microalgae. Strategies for improving microalgae biohydrogen production and factors to be considered for scaling-up the process are also outlined in this chapter.

Biohydrogen II

Biohydrogen II
  • Author : J. Miyake,T. Matsunaga,A. San Pietro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-01
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0080527965
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Summary : Hydrogen is an almost ideal fuel and its wider use will result in an improvement in the environment due to factors including decreased air pollution. Hydrogen is the element of greatest abundance in the universe; however, its production from renewable resources remains a major challenge. The papers presented within this volume enhance and expand upon presentations made at the "Workshop on Biohydrogen 99", Tsukuba, Japan. The contents evaluate the current status of Biohydrogen research worldwide and consider future research directions. Contributions from leading international experts cover the breadth of Biohydrogen R and D, from production to genetic engineering and molecular biology. This volume is designed to be an invaluable resource for researchers and other professionals who wish to obtain an overview of Biohydrogen R and D.