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Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter

Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter
  • Author : Prabhat Rai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-02
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9780128052778
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Summary : Air pollution originating from rapid industrialization, urbanization, population growth and economic development has disturbed the urban ecosystems of ecologically sensitive regions like the Indo-Burma hot spot, and they are under severe air pollution stress with limited resources to collect data on what is happening. Air pollutants comprised of both particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants may cause adverse health effects in human, affect plant life and impact the global environment by changing the atmosphere of the earth. It is now well established that urban PM may also contain magnetic particles along with other air pollutants. Biomonitoring of PM through magnetic properties, known as biomagnetic monitoring, measures the magnetic parameters of dust loaded plant leaves, giving a new opportunity to monitor. Compared to existing conventional technologies, biomagnetic monitoring is an eco-friendly technique perfect in urban areas. Biomagnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter reviews the issues with PM and the potential of these methods to on tropical vegetation on a variety of flora which represent the biodiversity of the Indo-Burma Hot Spot. Bio-magnetic Monitoring of Particulate Matter gives a comprehensive overview of the issue of particulate pollution and monitoring Cases of magnetic biomonitoring across different environments are included to demonstrate this emerging technique as a way to measure particulate pollution Coverage includes a comparison to other techniques as well as why it works well ecological diverse developing areas which are data scarce, like the Indo-Burma Hot Spot A review of the detrimental health impacts of Particulate Matter reinforces the importance for this type of data to be available universally

Quaternary Climates, Environments and Magnetism

Quaternary Climates, Environments and Magnetism
  • Author : Barbara A. Maher,Roy Thompson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-10-14
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 1139429485
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Summary : The Quaternary has been a period of major climatic and environmental oscillations, and our knowledge of these past variations is important for our understanding of the possible impact of human activity on the present-day environment. First published in 1999, Quaternary Climates, Environments and Magnetism presents an account of the rich variety of uses of magnetic measurements in the environmental geosciences. Ten chapters by leading world authorities describe the highlights of environmental magnetic work during the last decade and identify directions for future research. Emphasis is placed on a multidisciplinary approach to achieve a more thorough understanding of the environmental processes involved. This volume will be of interest to research scientists from a wide range of disciplines working on Quaternary environments, including earth and environmental sciences, physical geology, geography and palaeoclimatology. It will also be valuable as a supplementary text for graduates and advanced undergraduates.

Environmental Magnetism

Environmental Magnetism
  • Author : Mark Evans,Friedrich Heller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-06-23
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 9780080505787
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Summary : Magnetism is important in environmental studies for several reasons, the two most fundamental being that most substances exhibit some form of magnetic behavior, and that iron is one of the most common elements in the Earth's crust. Once sequestered in a suitable material, magnetic particles constitute a natural archive of conditions existing in former times. Magnetism provides a tracer of paleo-climatic and paleo-environmental conditions and processes. Environmental Magnetism details the occurrence and uses of magnetic materials in the natural environment. The first half of the volume describes the basic principles. The second half discusses the applications of magnetic measurements in various environmental settings on land, in lakes, in the ocean, and even various biological organisms. * Material is broadly applicable to environmental studies * Case histories illustrate key points * Extensive bibliography makes further research quick and easy

Traffic-Related Air Pollution

Traffic-Related Air Pollution
  • Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-20
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780128181232
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Summary : Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Bioactivity of Engineered Nanoparticles

Bioactivity of Engineered Nanoparticles
  • Author : Bing Yan,Hongyu Zhou,Jorge L. Gardea-Torresdey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-17
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9789811058646
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Summary : This book brings together reviews from international experts who are exploring the biological activities of nanomaterials for medical applications or to better understand nanotoxicity. Topics include but are not limited to the following: 1) mechanistic understanding of nanostructure-bioactivity relationships; 2) the regulation of nanoparticles’ bioactivity by means of chemical modification; 3) the new methodologies and standard methods used to assess nanoparticles’ bioactivity; 4) the mechanisms involved in nanoparticle-biomolecule interactions and nanoparticle-cell interactions; and 5) biomedical applications of nanotechnology. The book will be a valuable resource for a broad readership in various subfields of chemical science, engineering, biology, environment, and medicine.

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Dr. Arup Roy,Jayanta Bhattacharya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-15
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9781780406879
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Summary : Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment is a state of the art reference book. The book is particularly useful for wastewater technology development laboratories and organizations. All professional and academic areas connected with environmental engineering, nanotechnology based wastewater treatment and related product design are incorporated and provide an essentialresource. The book describes the application and synthesis of Ca-based and magnetic nano-materials and their potential application for removal/treatment of heavy metals from wastewater. Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment discusses the rapid wastewater treatment methods using Ca-based nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials. This is an emerging area of new science and technology in wastewater treatment. The main audiences for the book are water industry professionals, research scholars and students in the area of Environmental Engineering and Nanotechnology. Authors: Dr. Arup Roy Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur,India; and Professor Jayanta Bhattacharya, Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Phytoremediation of Emerging Contaminants in Wetlands

Phytoremediation of Emerging Contaminants in Wetlands
  • Author : Prabhat Kumar Rai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-15
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781351067423
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Summary : Phytoremediation with wetland plants is an eco-friendly, aesthetically pleasing, cost-effective, solar-driven, passive technique that is useful for cleaning up environmental pollutants with low to moderate levels of contamination.

Indoor Environment and Health

Indoor Environment and Health
  • Author : Orhan Korhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-25
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9781789843736
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Summary : A shelter is one of the physiological needs according to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, which lies at the bottom of the pyramid. People spend around 90% of their time in shelters, or in today's words: buildings. They sleep, eat, work, relax, exercise, play, are born, and die in these buildings. In fact, they "live" within walls. Therefore, an indoor environment is crucial for their health and safety. This book, therefore, addresses the issues related to the impact of a sustainable healthy and comfortable indoor environment on the quality of life, and perceives the required indoor conditions for productivity and effectiveness. Thereby, this book is designed to include issues and extensive discussions on thermal comfort, indoor air quality, visual comfort, acoustic comfort, productivity, and indoor health and safety. The concepts of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, external temperature, air pollution, sick building, indoor pollutants, illumination, glare, indoor lighting, daylight, noise, construction materials, sound intensity, and furniture on the indoor environment are described in detail in this book.

Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring

Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring
  • Author : Toonika Rinken,Kairi Kivirand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-20
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9781789238235
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Summary : Real-time and reliable detection of molecular compounds and bacteria is essential in modern environmental monitoring. For rapid analyses, biosensing devices combining high selectivity of biomolecular recognition and sensitivity of modern signal-detection technologies offer a promising platform. Biosensors allow rapid on-site detection of pollutants and provide potential for better understanding of the environmental processes, including the fate and transport of contaminants.This book, including 12 chapters from 37 authors, introduces different biosensor-based technologies applied for environmental analyses.

Rock Magnetism

Rock Magnetism
  • Author : David J. Dunlop,Özden Özdemir
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-08-30
  • Total pages :573
  • ISBN : 052100098X
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Summary : This book is a comprehensive treatment of fine particle magnetism and the magnetic properties of rocks. Starting from atomic magnetism and magneotistic principles, the authors explain why domains and micromagnetic structures form in ferrmagnetic crystals and how these lead to magnetic memory in the form of thermal, chemical and other remanent magnetizations. This book will be of value to graduate students and researchers in geophysics and geology, particularly in palemagnetism and rock magnetism, as well as physicists and electrical engineers interested in fine-particle magnetism and magnetic recording.

Microtechnology for Cell Manipulation and Sorting

Microtechnology for Cell Manipulation and Sorting
  • Author : Wonhee Lee,Peter Tseng,Dino Di Carlo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-05
  • Total pages :281
  • ISBN : 9783319441399
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Summary : This book delves into the recent developments in the microscale and microfluidic technologies that allow manipulation at the single and cell aggregate level. Expert authors review the dominant mechanisms that manipulate and sort biological structures, making this a state-of-the-art overview of conventional cell sorting techniques, the principles of microfluidics, and of microfluidic devices. All chapters highlight the benefits and drawbacks of each technique they discuss, which include magnetic, electrical, optical, acoustic, gravity/sedimentation, inertial, deformability, and aqueous two-phase systems as the dominant mechanisms utilized by microfluidic devices to handle biological samples. Each chapter explains the physics of the mechanism at work, and reviews common geometries and devices to help readers decide the type of style of device required for various applications. This book is appropriate for graduate-level biomedical engineering and analytical chemistry students, as well as engineers and scientists working in the biotechnology industry.

Design and Applications of Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging

Design and Applications of Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging
  • Author : Jeff W.M. Bulte,Michel M.J. Modo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-25
  • Total pages :469
  • ISBN : 9783319421698
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Summary : This book covers the most recent advances in using nanoparticles for biomedical imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic particle imaging (MPI), nuclear medicine, ultrasound (US) imaging, computed tomography (CT), and optical imaging. Topics include nanoparticles for MRI and MPI, siRNA delivery, theranostic nanoparticles for PET imaging of drug delivery, US nanoparticles for imaging drug delivery, inorganic nanoparticles for targeted CT imaging, and quantum dots for optical imaging. This book serves as a valuable resource for the fundamental science of diagnostic nanoparticles and their interactions with biological targets, providing a practical handbook for improved detection of disease and its clinical implementation.

Bioindicators & Biomonitors

Bioindicators & Biomonitors
  • Author : Bernd A. Markert,B.A. Markert,H.G. Zechmeister
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-07-14
  • Total pages :997
  • ISBN : 0080441777
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Summary : This book provides comprehensive single source coverage of bioindication/biomonitoring in the fields of ecology, ecotoxicology and environmental sciences; from the ecological basics to the effects of chemicals on the environment and the latest test strategies. Contributions by leading figures in ecology from around the world reflect the broad scope of current thinking and research, making this volume essential reading for informed professionals and students.

Airborne Particulate Matter

Airborne Particulate Matter
  • Author : T. Kouimtzis,C. Samara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-05
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : 9783540491453
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Summary : Airborne particulate matter - especially aerosols, its origin, its impact on our environment, and its properties - has been of great scientific and public concern for many years. In this volume experts discuss in depth all relevant issues of airborne particulate matter, including the characterisation of aerosols by modern physical and chemical methods.

Geomagnetism

Geomagnetism
  • Author : Nathani Basavaiah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-05
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9789400704039
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Summary : With the awareness that the Earth has a magnetic field, its mathematical description, discovery of remanent magnetisation in rocks and discovery of the periodic reversals of the geomagnetic field polarity, geomagnetism within geophysics became an interesting field of study. This is primarily due to advances in measurement technology and improved understanding of the magnetic field and its fluctuations in the geospace. Several important aspects of solid Earth geomagnetism are elaborated in the book. The first six chapters cover the basics of magnetism, magnetic minerals, biomagnetics, instrumentation and the behavior of geomagnetic field, while the rest of the book is devoted to practical applications with carefully selected examples and illustrations. Well-written and easy to read, the book vividly describes modern techniques in the subject matter covered, adequately supported by graphical explanations for complex mathematical concepts.

Magnetic Nanostructures

Magnetic Nanostructures
  • Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Mohamed A. Mohamed,Ram Prasad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-23
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN : 9783030164393
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Summary : Recently, magnetic nanostructures have gained a remarkable interest for basic research and applied studies. Because of their low cost and ease of manufacture and modification, they have great potential for agricultural and environmental applications. The use of magnetic nanostructures has been proven in a wide range of fields including catalysis, biotechnology, biomedicine, magnetic resonance imaging, agriculture, biosensors, and removal of environmental pollutants, among others. This book includes 16 chapters of collected knowledge, discoveries, and applications in agriculture, soil remediation, and water treatment. It describes the role of nano-agriculture with regard to food security and discusses environmental and agricultural protection concerns. It further offers potential applications of magnetic nanomaterials in the agriculture and food sectors, such as the development of sensors, environment monitoring for wastewater treatment and the remediation of contaminated soils. Increasing crop yield through the use of nanopesticides or nanofertilizers and biosecurity using sensors for detecting pathogens along the entire food chain are discussed as well. This book also brings together various sources of expertise on different aspects magnetic nanostructure application in the agri-food sector and environment remediation. Magnetic nanostructures also have great potential in biotechnological processes, as they can be utilized as a carrier for enzymes during different biocatalytic transformations. Novel magnetic nanomaterials can be used for detection and separation of pesticides from environmental and biological samples. The excellent adsorption capacity of the modified magnetic nanoadsorbents together with other advantages such as reusability, easy separation, environmentally friendly composition, and freedom of interferences of alkaline earth metal ions make them suitable adsorbents for removal of heavy metal ions from environmental and industrial wastes. One of the most important environmental applications of magnetic nanostructures has been in the treatment of water, whether in the remediation of groundwater or through the magnetic separation and/or sensing of contaminants present in various aqueous systems. The integrated combination of these 16 chapters, written by experts with considerable experience in their area of research, provides a comprehensive overview on the synthesis, characterization, application, environmental processing, and agriculture of engineered magnetic nanostructures. Its comprehensive coverage discusses how nanostructure materials interact in plants as well as their potential and useful applications.

Iron Biominerals

Iron Biominerals
  • Author : R. Blakemore,R. Frankel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :435
  • ISBN : 9781461538103
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Summary :

The Urban Forest

The Urban Forest
  • Author : David Pearlmutter,Carlo Calfapietra,Roeland Samson,Liz O'Brien,Silvija Krajter Ostoić,Giovanni Sanesi,Rocío Alonso del Amo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-27
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 9783319502809
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Summary : This book focuses on urban "green infrastructure" – the interconnected web of vegetated spaces like street trees, parks and peri-urban forests that provide essential ecosystem services in cities. The green infrastructure approach embodies the idea that these services, such as storm-water runoff control, pollutant filtration and amenities for outdoor recreation, are just as vital for a modern city as those provided by any other type of infrastructure. Ensuring that these ecosystem services are indeed delivered in an equitable and sustainable way requires knowledge of the physical attributes of trees and urban green spaces, tools for coping with the complex social and cultural dynamics, and an understanding of how these factors can be integrated in better governance practices. By conveying the findings and recommendations of COST Action FP1204 GreenInUrbs, this volume summarizes the collaborative efforts of researchers and practitioners from across Europe to address these challenges.

Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Eun Ji Chung,Lorraine Leon,Carlos Rinaldi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-19
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780128166635
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Summary : Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications: Fundamental Concepts, Biological Interactions and Clinical Applications brings into one place information on the design and biomedical applications of different classes of nanoparticles. While aspects are dealt with in individual journal articles, there is not one source that covers this area comprehensively. This book fills this gap in the literature. Outlines an in-depth review of biomedical applications of a variety of nanoparticle classes Discusses the major techniques for designing nanoparticles for use in biomedicine Explores safety and regulatory aspects for the use of nanoparticles in biomedicine

Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine

Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Leszek A. Dobrzański
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-14
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9789535137764
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Summary : The book Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine is addressed to the engineers and mainly medical practitioners as well as scientists and PhD degree students. The book indicates the progress in research and in the implementation of the ever-new biomaterials for the application of the advanced types of prosthesis, implants, scaffolds and implant-scaffolds including personalised ones. The book presents a theoretical approach to the synergy of technical, biological and medical sciences concerning materials and technologies used for medical and dental implantable devices and on metallic biomaterials. The essential contents of the book are 16 case studies provided in each of the chapters, comprehensively describing the authors' accomplishments of numerous teams from different countries across the world in advanced research areas relating to the biomaterials applied in regenerative medicine and dentistry. The detailed information collected in the book, mainly deriving from own and original research and R

Aerosols Handbook

Aerosols Handbook
  • Author : Lev S. Ruzer,Naomi H. Harley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-12-28
  • Total pages :728
  • ISBN : 0203493184
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Summary : As more attention is dedicated to understanding the occupational health risks associated with the industrial manufacture and use of nanotechnology, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects is a timely presentation of time-tested research in the field of aerosol science. The book covers a multitude of topics in indoor, outdoor,