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Biomass Combustion Science, Technology and Engineering

Biomass Combustion Science, Technology and Engineering
  • Author : Lasse Rosendahl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0857097431
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Summary : The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation. Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation. Chapters also describe the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. Part two goes on to explore biomass combustion and co-firing, including direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids and intermediate pyrolysis technologies. Largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries are then the focus of part three. Following an overview of large-scale biomass combustion plants, key engineering issues and plant operation are discussed, before the book concludes with a chapter looking at the role of biorefineries in increasing the value of the end-products of biomass conversion. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering provides a clear overview of this important area for all power plant operators, industrial engineers, biomass researchers, process chemists and academics working in this field. Reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation Provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation Describes the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : A. Hornung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0128087609
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Summary : A comparison of fast and intermediate processes is given. New developments in technology are described for intermediate pyrolysis and an advanced integrative combination of biomass based processes is proposed.

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : H. Widell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0128087625
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Summary : Biomass-fired steam boilers are finding increasing use in industrial-scale applications for both heat and power generation. This chapter compares the main technologies for biomass combustion – spreader stoker, mass burn and biomass bubbling fluidised bed (BFB)/circulating fluidised bed (CFB) – and discusses specific issues to be addressed in the design of biomass-fired steam boiler plants. Examples of recent biomass-to-energy plants are given in order to illustrate how project-specific factors influenced the design. A section is dedicated to non-wood biomass fuels and how their characteristics affect plant design. Conversion of existing coal-fired boilers to biomass firing is also discussed. The final part of the chapter deals with operational issues of biomass-fired plants.

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : C. Yin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0128087579
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Summary : Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels in existing power plants is an attractive option for significantly increasing renewable energy resource utilization and reducing CO2 emissions. This chapter mainly discusses three direct co-firing technologies: pulverized-fuel (PF) boilers, fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) systems, and grate-firing systems, which are employed in about 50%, 40%, and 10% of all the co-firing plants, respectively. Their basic principles, process technologies, advantages, and limitations are presented, followed by a brief comparison of these technologies when applied to biomass co-firing. This chapter also briefly introduces indirect co-firing and parallel co-firing and their application status.

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : J.P. Wolf,null Dong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0128087536
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Summary : The chapter gives an introduction to the main combustion techniques used for turning biomass into power and briefly discusses their relative strengths and weaknesses. The chapter also provides definitions of the main biomass types and discusses recent developments in the application of biomass for power production.

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : L.S. Nikolaisen,P.D. Jensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0128087552
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Summary : This chapter addresses the categorisation of biomass followed by the preparation and conditioning of biomass before combustion and gasification, which are the main technologies for heat and electricity generation. The physical and chemical characteristics are described for a range of types of biomass, together with selected examples of the common European standards for measuring biomass. The chapter addresses the problems and limitations of selected fuels and considers future trends for fuels such as mixed biopellets and the potential use of marine biomass.

Combustion Science and Engineering

Combustion Science and Engineering
  • Author : Kalyan Annamalai,Ishwar K. Puri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-19
  • Total pages :1184
  • ISBN : 9780849320712
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Summary : Students embarking on their studies in chemical, mechanical, aerospace, energy, and environmental engineering will face continually changing combustion problems, such as pollution control and energy efficiency, throughout their careers. Approaching these challenges requires a deep familiarity with the fundamental theory, mathematics, and physical concepts of combustion. Based on more than two decades of teaching experience, Combustion Science and Engineering lays the necessary groundwork while using an illustrative, hands-on approach. Taking a down-to-earth perspective, the book avoids heavy mathematics in the first seven chapters and in Chapter 17 (pollutants formation and destruction), but considers molecular concepts and delves into engineering details. It begins with an outline of thermodynamics; basics of thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium; descriptions of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels; chemical kinetics and mass transfer; and applications of theory to practical systems. Beginning in chapter 8, the authors provide a detailed treatment of differential forms of conservation equations; analyses of fuel combustion including jet combustion and boundary layer problems; ignition; flame propagation; interactive and group combustion; pollutant formation and control; and turbulent combustion. In addition, this textbook includes abundant examples, illustrations, and exercises, as well as spreadsheet software in combustion available for download. This software allows students to work out the examples found in the text. Combustion Science and Engineering imparts the skills and foundational knowledge necessary for students to successfully approach and solve new problems.

Combustion Engineering, Second Edition

Combustion Engineering, Second Edition
  • Author : Kenneth W. Ragland,Kenneth M. Bryden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-06
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 1466500018
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Summary : Combustion Engineering, Second Edition maintains the same goal as the original: to present the fundamentals of combustion science with application to today’s energy challenges. Using combustion applications to reinforce the fundamentals of combustion science, this text provides a uniquely accessible introduction to combustion for undergraduate students, first-year graduate students, and professionals in the workplace. Combustion is a critical issue impacting energy utilization, sustainability, and climate change. The challenge is to design safe and efficient combustion systems for many types of fuels in a way that protects the environment and enables sustainable lifestyles. Emphasizing the use of combustion fundamentals in the engineering and design of combustion systems, this text provides detailed coverage of gaseous, liquid and solid fuel combustion, including focused coverage of biomass combustion, which will be invaluable to new entrants to the field. Eight chapters address the fundamentals of combustion, including fuels, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, flames, detonations, sprays, and solid fuel combustion mechanisms. Eight additional chapters apply these fundamentals to furnaces, spark ignition and diesel engines, gas turbines, and suspension burning, fixed bed combustion, and fluidized bed combustion of solid fuels. Presenting a renewed emphasis on fundamentals and updated applications to illustrate the latest trends relevant to combustion engineering, the authors provide a number of pedagogic features, including: Numerous tables with practical data and formulae that link combustion fundamentals to engineering practice Concise presentation of mathematical methods with qualitative descriptions of their use Coverage of alternative and renewable fuel topics throughout the text Extensive example problems, chapter-end problems, and references These features and the overall fundamentals-to-practice nature of this book make it an ideal resource for undergraduate, first level graduate, or professional training classes. Students and practitioners will find that it is an excellent introduction to meeting the crucial challenge of engineering sustainable combustion systems in a cost-effective manner. A solutions manual and additional teaching resources are available with qualifying course adoption.

Biomass Processing Technologies

Biomass Processing Technologies
  • Author : Vladimir Strezov,Tim J. Evans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-26
  • Total pages :419
  • ISBN : 1466566167
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Summary :

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy
  • Author : Erik Dahlquist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-16
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 0203120264
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Summary : Officially, the use of biomass for energy meets only 10-13% of the total global energy demand of 140 000 TWh per year. Still, thirty years ago the official figure was zero, as only traded biomass was included. While the actual production of biomass is in the range of 270 000 TWh per year, most of this is not used for energy purposes, and mostly it

Energy from Biomass

Energy from Biomass
  • Author : Peter Quaak,Harrie Knoef,Hubert E. Stassen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :78
  • ISBN : 9780821343357
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Summary : While energy is essential for development, standard fossil fuels are often in short supply in countries where it is needed most. However, alternative fuel resources abound in the form of agricultural and municipal waste or "biomass." This report reviews the state of the art of biomass combustion and gassification systems, their advantages and disadvantages. It also encourages investment in use of these technologies to enable developing countries to better exploit their biomass resources and help close the gap between their energy needs and their energy supply.

Combustion Engineering, Second Edition

Combustion Engineering, Second Edition
  • Author : Kenneth W. Ragland,Kenneth M. Bryden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-06
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9781420092509
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Summary : Combustion Engineering, Second Edition maintains the same goal as the original: to present the fundamentals of combustion science with application to today’s energy challenges. Using combustion applications to reinforce the fundamentals of combustion science, this text provides a uniquely accessible introduction to combustion for undergraduate students, first-year graduate students, and professionals in the workplace. Combustion is a critical issue impacting energy utilization, sustainability, and climate change. The challenge is to design safe and efficient combustion systems for many types of fuels in a way that protects the environment and enables sustainable lifestyles. Emphasizing the use of combustion fundamentals in the engineering and design of combustion systems, this text provides detailed coverage of gaseous, liquid and solid fuel combustion, including focused coverage of biomass combustion, which will be invaluable to new entrants to the field. Eight chapters address the fundamentals of combustion, including fuels, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, flames, detonations, sprays, and solid fuel combustion mechanisms. Eight additional chapters apply these fundamentals to furnaces, spark ignition and diesel engines, gas turbines, and suspension burning, fixed bed combustion, and fluidized bed combustion of solid fuels. Presenting a renewed emphasis on fundamentals and updated applications to illustrate the latest trends relevant to combustion engineering, the authors provide a number of pedagogic features, including: Numerous tables with practical data and formulae that link combustion fundamentals to engineering practice Concise presentation of mathematical methods with qualitative descriptions of their use Coverage of alternative and renewable fuel topics throughout the text Extensive example problems, chapter-end problems, and references These features and the overall fundamentals-to-practice nature of this book make it an ideal resource for undergraduate, first level graduate, or professional training classes. Students and practitioners will find that it is an excellent introduction to meeting the crucial challenge of engineering sustainable combustion systems in a cost-effective manner. A solutions manual and additional teaching resources are available with qualifying course adoption.

Large Scale Biomass Combustion Plants

Large Scale Biomass Combustion Plants
  • Author : Sébastien Caillat,Tudor Florea,Esperanza Perdrix,Claire Rosevègue,Benoit Taupin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-01
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9780081011041
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Summary : Large Scale Biomass Combustion Plants addresses the main issues of large biomass combustion plants for heat and power generation. Its authors use their experience in academia and the industry to provide both theoretical concepts and practical information. They explore types of fuels and their main characteristics, fuel preparation, storage and handling, describe the main elements of the system (feeding, combustion chamber, ash extraction, heat exchangers) for current biomass power plants technologies, such as grate fired, fluidized bed, pulverized fuels, including co-combustion with coal. Operation, maintenance and safety aspects are examined, as well as gaseous and solid emissions, environmental impact, regulation and policy. Case studies illustrate each topic, focusing on best practices, enriched with academic background when appropriate. Fact sheets summarize useful concepts for day-to-day operations. This is an excellent resource for power and energy engineers, technicians, researchers and students working in the field of heat and power generation, particularly using biomass and biofuels. Energy project managers, regulators, plant owners and manufacturers will also find this a useful reference. Presents a comprehensive description of large biomass combustion plants, from 20MW to 100 MW, from the door to the chimney Offers practical guidelines through different issues related to biomass power plants, collected from designers, operators, regulation inspectors and academia Explores operation, maintenance and safety aspects

Bioenergy

Bioenergy
  • Author : Zhenhong Yuan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-18
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 3110344343
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Summary : Bioenergy: Principles and Technologies introduces biomass energy resources and then elaborates on bioenergy technologies including biomass combustion, biogas production, biomass briquettes and biomass gasification. With a combination of theories, experiments and case studies, the book is an essential reference for bioenergy researchers, industrial chemists and chemical engineers.

Pollutants Generated by the Combustion of Solid Biomass Fuels

Pollutants Generated by the Combustion of Solid Biomass Fuels
  • Author : Jenny M Jones,Amanda R Lea-Langton,Lin Ma,Mohamed Pourkashanian,Alan Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-04
  • Total pages :109
  • ISBN : 1447164377
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Summary : This book considers the pollutants formed by the combustion of solid biomass fuels. The availability and potential use of solid biofuels is first discussed because this is the key to the development of biomass as a source of energy. This is followed by details of the methods used for characterisation of biomass and their classification. The various steps in the combustion mechanisms are given together with a compilation of the kinetic data. The chemical mechanisms for the formation of the pollutants: NOx, smoke and unburned hydrocarbons, SOx, Cl compounds, and particulate metal aerosols are given in detail. Combustion kinetics required for the application for design purposes are given. Examples are given of emission levels of a range different types of combustion equipment. Data is given of NOx, particulates and other pollutant arising from combustion of different fuels in fixed bed combustion, fluidized bed combustion and pulverised biomass combustion and co-firing. Modeling methods including computational fluid dynamics for the various pollutants are outlined. The consequential issues arising from the wide scale use of biomass and future trends are then discussed. In particular the role of carbon capture and storage in large biomass combustion plants is considered as well as the opportunity of reducing the concentration of atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide.

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing
  • Author : Sjaak Van Loo,Jaap Koppejan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-16
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 1849773041
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Summary : This unique handbook presents both the theory and application of biomass combustion and co-firing, from basic principles to industrial combustion and environmental impact, in a clear and comprehensive manner. It offers a solid grounding on biomass combustion, and advice on improving combustion systems.Written by leading international academics and industrial experts, and prepared under the auspices of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement, the handbook is an essential resource for anyone interested in biomass combustion and co-firing technologies varying from domestic woodstoves to utility-scale power generation. The book covers subjects including biomass fuel pre-treatment and logistics, modelling the combustion process and ash-related issues, as well as featuring an overview of the current R&D needs regarding biomass combustion.

Steam Generation from Biomass

Steam Generation from Biomass
  • Author : Esa Kari Vakkilainen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-24
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 0128044071
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Summary : Steam Generation from Biomass: Construction and Design of Large Boilers provides in-depth coverage of steam generator engineering for biomass combustion. It presents the design process and the necessary information needed for an understanding of not only the function of different components of a steam generator, but also what design choices have been made. Professor Vakkilainen explores each particular aspect of steam generator design from the point-of-view of pressure part design, mechanical design, layout design, process design, performance optimization, and cost optimization. Topics such as fuels and their emissions, steam-water circulation, auxiliary equipment, availability and reliability, measurements and control, manufacture, erection, and inspection are covered. Special attention is given to recovery boilers and fluidized bed boilers, and automated design and dimensioning calculation spreadsheets are available for download at the book’s companion website. This book is intended for both design engineers and steam boiler operators, as well as those involved in plant management and equipment purchasing. Provides a complete overview of biomass steam boilers, including processes, phenomena, and nomenclature Presents a clear view of how biomass boilers differ from fossil fuel boilers Covers the most used types of large-scale biomass boilers, including recovery boilers, fluidized bed boilers, and auxiliary equipment Includes a companion website with spreadsheets, calculation examples, and automatic calculation tools for design and dimensioning

Ash from Coal and Biomass Combustion

Ash from Coal and Biomass Combustion
  • Author : Ashok K. Singh,Reginald Ebhin Masto,Bodhisatwa Hazra,Joan Esterle,Pradeep K. Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-28
  • Total pages :118
  • ISBN : 9783030569808
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Summary : This is a concise book with comprehensive information on coal and biomass ash generated from their combustion in thermal power plants. It presents detailed studies on ash generated from contrasting coal and biomass feedstocks, and provides a comparative evaluation of these different ashes in terms of their origin, properties, environmental hazards. Potential utilizations with specific advantages and disadvantages of the respective ashes are elaborated in detail, including some innovative means of ash utilization for value addition purposes. By addressing both the theory and commercial exploitation of these products, this book will be helpful for industrialists, academicians and researchers alike.

Combustion Engineering Issues for Solid Fuel Systems

Combustion Engineering Issues for Solid Fuel Systems
  • Author : Bruce G. Miller,David Tillman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-02
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9780080558059
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Summary : Design, construct and utilize fuel systems using this comprehensive reference work. Combustion Engineering Issues for Solid Fuel Systems combines modeling, policy/regulation and fuel properties with cutting edge breakthroughs in solid fuel combustion for electricity generation and industrial applications. This book moves beyond theory to provide readers with real-life experiences and tips for addressing the various technical, operational and regulatory issues that are associated with the use of fuels. With the latest information on CFD modeling and emission control technologies, Combustion Engineering Issues for Solid Fuel Systems is the book practicing engineers as well as managers and policy makers have been waiting for. Provides the latest information on CFD modeling and emission control technologies Comprehensive coverage of combustion systems and fuel types Addresses policy and regulatory concerns at a technical level Tackles various technical and operational issues

Renewable Energy and Power Technology II

Renewable Energy and Power Technology II
  • Author : Mo Jie Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-08
  • Total pages :2370
  • ISBN : 3038266701
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Summary : Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environmental Technology (REET 2014), August 19-20, 2014, Dalian, China. The 426 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Development and Utilization of Solar Energy; Chapter 2: Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy; Chapter 3: Development and Utilization of Wind Energy; Chapter 4: Nuclear Energy and Other Energy; Chapter 5: Energy-Saving and Energy-Storage Technology; Chapter 6: Chemical Engineering, Energy Materials and Fuel Cell; Chapter 7: High Voltage and Insulation Technology; Chapter 8: Electrical Theory and Power Electronics; Chapter 9: Power System and Automation; Chapter 10: New Energy Vehicles and Electric Vehicles; Chapter 11: Motor and Electric; Chapter 12: Power Grid Technology; Chapter 13: Power Systems Management; Chapter 14: Engineering Thermodynamics and Thermal Engineering; Chapter 15: Power Machinery and Engineering; Chapter 16: Fluid Machinery and Engineering; Chapter 17: HVAC, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration; Chapter 18: Mechatronics and Automation; Chapter 19: Green Building Materials, Energy-Efficient Buildings and Construction Technology; Chapter 20: Computational Mathematics and Modeling, Data Processing, Communication and Information Technologies; Chapter 21: Demand, Supply, Development, Management of Energies and Resources; Chapter 22: Industrial Engineering and Project Management; Chapter 23: Engineering Education.

Mechatronics Engineering, Computing and Information Technology

Mechatronics Engineering, Computing and Information Technology
  • Author : X.D. Xu,Bin Li,Q.M. Lu,X.Y. Yan,J.L. Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-23
  • Total pages :7498
  • ISBN : 3038264962
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Summary : Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on Mechatronics Engineering and Computing Technology (ICMECT 2014), April 9-10, 2014, Shanghai, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 1531 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Science and Materials Processing Technologies, Chapter 2: Building, Construction and Environmental Research, Chapter 3: Researches in Applied Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, Chapter 4: Power and Electric Research, Electronics and Microelectronics, Embedded and Integrated Systems, Chapter 5: Mechatronics, Automation and Control, Chapter 6: Measurement and Instrumentation, Monitoring, Testing, Detection and Identification Technologies, Chapter 7: Computation Methods and Algorithms for Modeling, Simulation and Optimization, Data Mining and Data Processing, Chapter 8: Communication, Signal and Image Processing, Chapter 9: Information Technologies, WEB and Networks Engineering, Information Security and Software Application, Chapter 10: Modern Tendency in Area of Management, Logistics, Economics, Education, Traffic and Urban Engineering