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Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement

Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement
  • Author : David A. Winter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-12
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780470398180
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Summary : The classic book on human movement in biomechanics, newly updated Widely used and referenced, David Winter’s Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement is a classic examination of techniques used to measure and analyze all body movements as mechanical systems, including such everyday movements as walking. It fills the gap in human movement science area where modern science and technology are integrated with anatomy, muscle physiology, and electromyography to assess and understand human movement. In light of the explosive growth of the field, this new edition updates and enhances the text with: Expanded coverage of 3D kinematics and kinetics New materials on biomechanical movement synergies and signal processing, including auto and cross correlation, frequency analysis, analog and digital filtering, and ensemble averaging techniques Presentation of a wide spectrum of measurement and analysis techniques Updates to all existing chapters Basic physical and physiological principles in capsule form for quick reference An essential resource for researchers and student in kinesiology, bioengineering (rehabilitation engineering), physical education, ergonomics, and physical and occupational therapy, this text will also provide valuable to professionals in orthopedics, muscle physiology, and rehabilitation medicine. In response to many requests, the extensive numerical tables contained in Appendix A: "Kinematic, Kinetic, and Energy Data" can also be found at the following Web site: www.wiley.com/go/biomechanics

Biomechanics and Motor Control

Biomechanics and Motor Control
  • Author : Mark L. Latash,Vladimir Zatsiorsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-06
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 9780128005194
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Summary : Biomechanics and Motor Control: Defining Central Concepts provides a thorough update to the rapidly evolving fields of biomechanics of human motion and motor control with research published in biology, psychology, physics, medicine, physical therapy, robotics, and engineering consistently breaking new ground. This book clarifies the meaning of the most frequently used terms, and consists of four parts, with part one covering biomechanical concepts, including joint torques, stiffness and stiffness-like measures, viscosity, damping and impedance, and mechanical work and energy. Other sections deal with neurophysiological concepts used in motor control, such as muscle tone, reflex, pre-programmed reactions, efferent copy, and central pattern generator, and central motor control concepts, including redundancy and abundance, synergy, equilibrium-point hypothesis, and motor program, and posture and prehension from the field of motor behavior. The book is organized to cover smaller concepts within the context of larger concepts. For example, internal models are covered in the chapter on motor programs. Major concepts are not only defined, but given context as to how research came to use the term in this manner. Presents a unified approach to an interdisciplinary, fragmented area Defines key terms for understanding Identifies key theories, concepts, and applications across theoretical perspectives Provides historical context for definitions and theory evolution

Paediatric Biomechanics and Motor Control

Paediatric Biomechanics and Motor Control
  • Author : Mark De Ste Croix,Thomas Korff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-01
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781136967856
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Summary : Paediatric Biomechanics and Motor Control brings together the very latest developmental research using biomechanical measurement and analysis techniques and is the first book to focus on biomechanical aspects of child development. The book is divided into four main sections – the biological changes in children; developmental changes in muscular force production; developmental changes in the biomechanics of postural control and fundamental motor skills and finally the applications of research into paediatric biomechanics and motor control in selected clinical populations. Written by a team of leading experts in paediatric exercise science, biomechanics and motor control from the UK, the US, Australia and Europe, the book is designed to highlight the key implications of this work for scientists, educators and clinicians. Each chapter is preceded by a short overview of the relevant theoretical concepts and concludes with a summary of the practical and clinical applications in relation to the existing literature on the topic. This book is important reading for any sport or exercise scientist, health scientist, physical therapist, sports coach or clinician with an interest in child development or health.

The Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Gait

The Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Gait
  • Author : David A. Winter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :143
  • ISBN : IND:30000029413931
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Summary :

Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement

Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement
  • Author : David A. Winter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-05-31
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : UOM:39015017955777
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Summary : Looks at human body movement as a mechanical system and examines techniques used to measure and analyze all body movements. Each limb of the body is treated as a separate segment connected at hinge joints. Muscles are replaced by actuators and the net effect of all muscles is replaced by torque motors. The characteristics of those actuators are documented, along with their neural control as represented in the readily available electromyographic signal. The book's organization is such that description of the movement is covered first, followed by chapters that examine the cause of the movement at kinetic and electromyographic levels. Will appeal to all those involved in the study of a wide variety of human movement problems--from pathological gait to chronic running injuries. Material on biomechanical techniques contributes to the understanding of such everyday movements as walking and lifting. Information is integrated with a common set of data and analyses. In addition, basic physics principles are presented in capsule form for ease of use. This text is a substantial revision of the widely used Biomechanics of Human Movement, updated and retitled to reflect progress in the field.

Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement

Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement
  • Author : David A. Winter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-09-09
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 047144989X
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Summary : A thorough update of the classic book on human movement in biomechanics Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, Third Edition is the thoroughly updated and retitled version of the widely used Biomechanics of Human Movement. Integrating a common set of data and analyses with reliable material on biomechanical techniques, this up-to-date edition examines techniques used to measure and analyze all body movements as mechanical systems, including such everyday movements as walking. This highly informative and accessible Third Edition treats each limb of the body as a separate segment connected at hinge joints. Actuators replace muscles, and torque motors replace the net effect of all muscles. Descriptions of movements are given as well as examinations of the cause of the movement at kinetic and electromyographic levels. Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, Third Edition features: * New material on 3D kinematics and kinetics emphasizing motor control * Expanded coverage on image measurement systems * New information on 3D center-of-mass estimates * Models of the kinetics of balance control * The latest research findings on fundamental relationships * New biophysical models of EMG detection, as well as standards for recording and reporting Complete with basic physics principles presented in capsule form for quick reference, Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, Third Edition is an essential resource for students and researchers.

Fundamentals of Motor Control

Fundamentals of Motor Control
  • Author : Mark L. Latash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780124159563
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Summary : Motor control is a relatively young field of research exploring how the nervous system produces purposeful, coordinated movements in its interaction with the body and the environment through conscious and unsconscious thought. Many books purporting to cover motor control have veered off course to examine biomechanics and physiology rather than actual control, leaving a gap in the literature. This book covers all the major perspectives in motor control, with a balanced approach. There are chapters explicitly dedicated to control theory, to dynamical systems, to biomechanics, to different behaviors, and to motor learning, including case studies. Reviews current research in motor control Contains balanced perspectives among neuroscience, psychology, physics and biomechanics Highlights controversies in the field Discusses neurophysiology, control theory, biomechanics, and dynamical systems under one cover Links principles of motor control to everyday behaviors Includes case studies delving into topics in more detail

Human Robotics

Human Robotics
  • Author : Etienne Burdet,David W. Franklin,Theodore E. Milner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-13
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : 9780262019538
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Summary : This book proposes a transdisciplinary approach to investigating human motor control that synthesizes musculoskeletal biomechanics and neural control. The authors argue that this integrated approach -- which uses the framework of robotics to understand sensorimotor control problems -- offers a more complete and accurate description than either a purely neural computational approach or a purely biomechanical one. The authors offer an account of motor control in which explanatory models are based on experimental evidence using mathematical approaches reminiscent of physics. These computational models yield algorithms for motor control that may be used as tools to investigate or treat diseases of the sensorimotor system and to guide the development of algorithms and hardware that can be incorporated into products designed to assist with the tasks of daily living. The authors focus on the insights their approach offers in understanding how movement of the arm is controlled and how the control adapts to changing environments. The book begins with muscle mechanics and control, progresses in a logical manner to planning and behavior, and describes applications in neurorehabilitation and robotics. The material is self-contained, and accessible to researchers and professionals in a range of fields, including psychology, kinesiology, neurology, computer science, and robotics.

Neurobiology of Motor Control

Neurobiology of Motor Control
  • Author : Scott L. Hooper,Ansgar Büschges
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-21
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9781118873625
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Summary : A multi-disciplinary look at the current state of knowledge regarding motor control and movement—from molecular biology to robotics The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of sophisticated tools and methodologies for exploring motor control and movement. Multi-unit recordings, molecular neurogenetics, computer simulation, and new scientific approaches for studying how muscles and body anatomy transform motor neuron activity into movement have helped revolutionize the field. Neurobiology of Motor Control brings together contributions from an interdisciplinary group of experts to provide a review of the current state of knowledge about the initiation and execution of movement, as well as the latest methods and tools for investigating them. The book ranges from the findings of basic scientists studying model organisms such as mollusks and Drosophila, to biomedical researchers investigating vertebrate motor production to neuroengineers working to develop robotic and smart prostheses technologies. Following foundational chapters on current molecular biological techniques, neuronal ensemble recording, and computer simulation, it explores a broad range of related topics, including the evolution of motor systems, directed targeted movements, plasticity and learning, and robotics. Explores motor control and movement in a wide variety of organisms, from simple invertebrates to human beings Offers concise summaries of motor control systems across a variety of animals and movement types Explores an array of tools and methodologies, including electrophysiological techniques, neurogenic and molecular techniques, large ensemble recordings, and computational methods Considers unresolved questions and how current scientific advances may be used to solve them going forward Written specifically to encourage interdisciplinary understanding and collaboration, and offering the most wide-ranging, timely, and comprehensive look at the science of motor control and movement currently available, Neurobiology of Motor Control is a must-read for all who study movement production and the neurobiological basis of movement—from molecular biologists to roboticists.

Routledge Handbook of Motor Control and Motor Learning

Routledge Handbook of Motor Control and Motor Learning
  • Author : Albert Gollhofer,Wolfgang Taube,Jens Bo Nielsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780415669603
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Summary : The Routledge Handbook of Motor Control and Motor Learning is the first book to offer a comprehensive survey of neurophysiological, behavioural and biomechanical aspects of motor function. Adopting an integrative approach, it examines the full range of key topics in contemporary human movement studies, explaining motor behaviour in depth from the molecular level to behavioural consequences. The book contains contributions from many of the world´s leading experts in motor control and motor learning, and is composed of five thematic parts: Theories and models Basic aspects of motor control and learning Motor control and learning in locomotion and posture Motor control and learning in voluntary actions Challenges in motor control and learning Mastering and improving motor control may be important in sports, but it becomes even more relevant in rehabilitation and clinical settings, where the prime aim is to regain motor function. Therefore the book addresses not only basic and theoretical aspects of motor control and learning but also applied areas like robotics, modelling and complex human movements. This book is both a definitive subject guide and an important contribution to the contemporary research agenda. It is therefore important reading for students, scholars and researchers working in sports and exercise science, kinesiology, physical therapy, medicine and neuroscience.

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement
  • Author : Jack M. Winters,Patrick E. Crago
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :683
  • ISBN : 9781461221043
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Summary : Most routine motor tasks are complex, involving load transmission through out the body, intricate balance, and eye-head-shoulder-hand-torso-leg coor dination. The quest toward understanding how we perform such tasks with skill and grace, often in the presence of unpredictable perturbations, has a long history. This book arose from the Ninth Engineering Foundation Con ference on Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement, held in Deer Creek, Ohio, in June 1996. This unique conference, which has met every 2 to 4 years since the late 1960s, is well known for its informal format that promotes high-level, up-to-date discussions on the key issues in the field. The intent is to capture the high quality ofthe knowledge and discourse that is an integral part of this conference series. The book is organized into ten sections. Section I provides a brief intro duction to the terminology and conceptual foundations of the field of move ment science; it is intended primarily for students. All but two of the re maining nine sections share a common format: (l) a designated section editor; (2) an introductory didactic chapter, solicited from recognized lead ers; and (3) three to six state-of-the-art perspective chapters. Some per spective chapters are followed by commentaries by selected experts that provide balance and insight. Section VI is the largest section, and it con sists of nine perspective chapters without commentaries.

Bernstein's Construction of Movements

Bernstein's Construction of Movements
  • Author : Mark L. Latash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-30
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9781000213867
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Summary : Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bernstein was one of the great neuroscientists of the twentieth century and highly respected by Western scientists even though most have never read his most important book entitled On the Construction of Movements. Bernstein's Construction of Movements: The Original Text and Commentaries is the first English translation. It supplements the translated text with a series of commentaries by scientists who knew Bernstein personally, as well as leaders in related fields including physics, motor control, and biomechanics. While written in 1947, Bernstein’s book is anything but obsolete, making this English translation and accompanying commentaries an invaluable text. The translated original text presents in detail Bernstein’s views on the evolutionary history of biological movement and his multi-level hierarchical scheme of the construction of movements in higher animals, including humans. The following commentaries address Bernstein’s personality, the history of the book, and current views on different aspects of neuroscience covered in Bernstein’s text. Ultimately, they present "a book within the book" to showcase how Bernstein’s heritage has developed over the past years. This classic, available for the first time to an English-speaking audience, will prove beneficial to students, instructors, and experts of neuroscience, physics, neurophysiology, motor control, motor rehabilitation, biomechanics, dynamical systems, and related fields.

Motor Control

Motor Control
  • Author : Frédéric Danion,Mark L. Latash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :511
  • ISBN : 9780195395273
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Summary : Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. The book offers a collection of chapters written by the most prominent researchers in the field.

Movement System Variability

Movement System Variability
  • Author : Keith Davids,Simon Bennett,Karl M. Newell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :363
  • ISBN : 0736044825
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Summary : This in-depth, multidisciplinary analysis of the latest research adds a new theoretical interpretation to the role of variability in movement behaviour. Many scientific disciplines are represented in the text and each chapter examines a range of topics.

Motor Control and Learning, 6E

Motor Control and Learning, 6E
  • Author : Schmidt, Richard A.,Lee, Tim,Winstein, Carolee,Wulf, Gabriele,Zelaznik, Howard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781492547754
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Summary : Motor Control and Learning, Sixth Edition, focuses on observable movement behavior, the many factors that influence quality of movement, and how movement skills are acquired.

Biomechanics and Gait Analysis

Biomechanics and Gait Analysis
  • Author : Nicholas Stergiou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780128133729
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Summary : Biomechanics and Gait Analysis presents a comprehensive book on biomechanics that focuses on gait analysis. It is written primarily for biomedical engineering students, professionals and biomechanists with a strong emphasis on medical devices and assistive technology, but is also of interest to clinicians and physiologists. It allows novice readers to acquire the basics of gait analysis, while also helping expert readers update their knowledge. The book covers the most up-to-date acquisition and computational methods and advances in the field. Key topics include muscle mechanics and modeling, motor control and coordination, and measurements and assessments. This is the go to resource for an understanding of fundamental concepts and how to collect, analyze and interpret data for research, industry, clinical and sport.

Motor Learning and Control for Practitioners

Motor Learning and Control for Practitioners
  • Author : Cheryl A. Coker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-08
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781351818032
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Summary : Motor Learning & Control for Practitioners, with Online Labs, Third Edition, is a reader-friendly text that balances theoretical concepts and their applications. Its practical approach and wide range of examples and teaching tools help readers build a solid foundation for assessing performance; providing effective instruction; and designing practice, rehabilitation, and training experiences. Whether readers plan to work in physical education, kinesiology, exercise science, coaching, athletic training, physical therapy, or dance, this text defines current thinking and trends, blending practical information with supporting research. Cerebral Challenges, Exploration Activities, and Research Notes will help students review and extend their learning and inform them about developments in the field. Marginal website references direct readers to online resources, including videos, web-based activities, and relevant apps. Sixteen online lab experiences allow readers to apply what they've learned; many include videos demonstrating procedural aspects.

Fundamentals of Biomechanics

Fundamentals of Biomechanics
  • Author : Duane Knudson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 9781475752984
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Summary : Fundamentals of Biomechanics introduces the exciting world of how human movement is created and how it can be improved. Teachers, coaches and physical therapists all use biomechanics to help people improve movement and decrease the risk of injury. The book presents a comprehensive review of the major concepts of biomechanics and summarizes them in nine principles of biomechanics. Fundamentals of Biomechanics concludes by showing how these principles can be used by movement professionals to improve human movement. Specific case studies are presented in physical education, coaching, strength and conditioning, and sports medicine.

Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles

Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles
  • Author : Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky,Boris I. Prilutsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-10
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9781492582106
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Summary : Richly illustrated and presented in clear, concise language, Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles is an essential resource for those seeking advanced knowledge of muscle biomechanics. Written by leading experts Vladimir Zatsiorsky and Boris Prilutsky, the text is one of the few to look at muscle biomechanics in its entirety—from muscle fibers to muscle coordination—making it a unique contribution to the field. Using a blend of experimental evidence and mechanical models, Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles provides an explanation of whole muscle biomechanics at work in the body in motion. The book first addresses the mechanical behavior of single muscles—from the sarcomere level up to the entire muscle. The architecture of human muscle, the mechanical properties of tendons and passive muscles, the biomechanics of active muscles, and the force transmission and shock absorption aspects of muscle are explored in detail. Next, the various issues of muscle functioning during human motion are addressed. The transformation from muscle force to joint movements, two-joint muscle function, eccentric muscle action, and muscle coordination are analyzed. This advanced text assumes some knowledge of algebra and calculus; however, the emphasis is on understanding physical concepts. Higher-level computational descriptions are placed in special sections in the later chapters of the book, allowing those with a strong mathematical background to explore this material in more detail. Readers who choose to skip over these sections will find that the book still provides a strong conceptual understanding of advanced topics. Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles also contains numerous special features that facilitate readers’ comprehension of the topics presented. More than 300 illustrations and accompanying explanations provide an extensive visual representation of muscle biomechanics. Refresher sidebars offer brief reminders of mathematical and biomechanical concepts, and From the Literature sidebars present practical examples that illustrate the concepts under discussion. Chapter summaries and review questions provide an opportunity for reflection and self-testing, and reference lists at the end of each chapter provide a starting point for further study. Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles offers a thorough explanation of whole muscle biomechanics, bridging the gap between foundational biomechanics texts and scientific literature. With the information found in this text, readers can prepare themselves to better understand the latest in cutting-edge research. Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles is the third volume in the Biomechanics of Human Motion series. Advanced readers in human movement science gain a comprehensive understanding of the biomechanics of human motion as presented by one of the world’s foremost researchers on the subject, Dr. Vladimir Zatsiorsky. The series begins with Kinematics of Human Motion, which details human body positioning and movement in three dimensions; continues with Kinetics of Human Motion, which examines the forces that create body motion and their effects; and concludes with Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles, which explains the action of the biological motors that exert force and produce mechanical work during human movement.

Neuromechanics and Control of Physical Behavior: from Experimental and Computational Formulations to Bio-inspired Technologies

Neuromechanics and Control of Physical Behavior: from Experimental and Computational Formulations to Bio-inspired Technologies
  • Author : Massimo Sartori,Francisco J. Valero-Cuevas,Alfred C. Schouten,Matthew Tresch,Yoshihiko Nakamura,Manish Sreenivasa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-15
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9782889459469
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Summary : The term "neuromechanics" defines an integrative approach that combines the neuromuscular control and the biomechanical aspects of physical behavior in humans and animals. Crucial to this approach is a detailed description and modeling of the interaction between the nervous system and the controlled biomechanical plant. Only then do we have the broader context within which to understand evolution, movement mechanics, neural control, energetics, disability and rehabilitation. In addition to enabling new basic science directions, understanding the interrelations between movement neural and mechanical function should also be leveraged for the development of personalized wearable technologies to augment or restore the motor capabilities of healthy or impaired individuals. Similarly, this understanding will empower us to revisit current approaches to the design and control of robotic and humanoid systems to produce truly versatile human-like physical behavior and adaptation in real-world environments. This Research Topic is therefore poised at an opportune moment to promote understanding of apparently disparate topics into a coherent focus.

Human Motor Control

Human Motor Control
  • Author : David A. Rosenbaum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-28
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780080571089
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Summary : Human Motor Control is a elementary introduction to the field of motor control, stressing psychological, physiological, and computational approaches. Human Motor Control cuts across all disciplines which are defined with respect to movement: physical education, dance, physical therapy, robotics, and so on. The book is organized around major activity areas. A comprehensive presentation of the major problems and topics in human motor control Incorporates applications of work that lie outside traditional sports or physical education teaching