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Biomimetic Technologies

Biomimetic Technologies
  • Author : Trung Dung Ngo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-24
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9780081002605
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Summary : Biomimetic engineering takes the principles of biological organisms and copies, mimics or adapts these in the design and development of new materials and technologies. Biomimetic Technologies reviews the key materials and processes involved in this groundbreaking field, supporting theoretical background by outlining a range of applications. Beginning with an overview of the key principles and materials associated with biomimetic technologies in Part One, the book goes on to explore biomimetic sensors in more detail in Part Two, with bio-inspired tactile, hair-based, gas-sensing and sonar systems all reviewed. Biomimetic actuators are then the focus of Part Three, with vision systems, tissue growth and muscles all discussed. Finally, a wide range of applications are investigated in Part Four, where biomimetic technology and artificial intelligence are reviewed for such uses as bio-inspired climbing robots and multi-robot systems, microrobots with CMOS IC neural networks locomotion control, central pattern generators (CPG’s) and biologically inspired antenna arrays. Includes a solid overview of modern artificial intelligence as background to the principles of biomimetic engineering Reviews a selection of key bio-inspired materials and sensors, highlighting their current strengths and future potential Features cutting-edge examples of biomimetic technologies employed for a broad range of applications

Biomimetics

Biomimetics
  • Author : Yoseph Bar-Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-11-02
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781420037715
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Summary : Nature is the world's foremost designer. With billions of years of experience and boasting the most extensive laboratory available, it conducts research in every branch of engineering and science. Nature's designs and capabilities have always inspired technology, from the use of tongs and tweezers to genetic algorithms and autonomous legged robots. Taking a systems perspective rather than focusing narrowly on materials or chemistry aspects, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies examines the field from every angle. The book contains pioneering approaches to biomimetics including a new perspective on the mechanization of cognition and intelligence, as well as defense and attack strategies in nature, their applications, and potential. It surveys the field from modeling to applications and from nano- to macro-scales, beginning with an introduction to principles of using biology to inspire designs as well as biological mechanisms as models for technology. This innovative guide discusses evolutionary robotics; genetic algorithms; molecular machines; multifunctional, biological-, and nano- materials; nastic structures inspired by plants; and functional surfaces in biology. Looking inward at biological systems, the book covers the topics of biomimetic materials, structures, control, cognition, artificial muscles, biosensors that mimic senses, artificial organs, and interfaces between engineered and biological systems. The final chapter contemplates the future of the field and outlines the challenges ahead. Featuring extensive illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies provides unmatched breadth of scope as well as lucid illumination of this promising field.

Biomimetic Sensor Technology

Biomimetic Sensor Technology
  • Author : Kiyoshi Toko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-06-01
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : 1139425544
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Summary : This book deals with biomimetic sensors that can quantify taste and smell - the electronic tongue and nose. Of all sensor technologies, these have been widely considered as the most difficult to realise and the development of these sensors significantly contributes to the understanding of the reception mechanisms in gustatory and olfactory systems. The author begins by dealing with the basic principles of measurement and multivariate analysis. Reception mechanisms in biological systems are briefly reviewed. Several types of biosensor, including enzyme-immobilized membranes, SPR, the quartz resonance oscillator and IC technologies are explained in detail. This book is the first to focus on artificial taste and smell sensors and also reviews conventional biosensors, such as enzyme sensors, in detail.

Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems

Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems
  • Author : Tony T. Prescott,Nathan F. Lepora,Anna Mura,Paul F.M.J. Verschure
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-22
  • Total pages :405
  • ISBN : 9783642315251
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Summary : This book constitutes the proceedings of the First International Conference on Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems, Living Machines 2012, held in Barcelona, Spain, in July 2012. The 28 full papers and 33 extended abstracts presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this book. The conference addresses themes related to the development of future real-world technologies which will depend strongly on our understanding and harnessing of the principles underlying living systems and the flow of communication signals between living and artificial systems.

"Leap Ahead" Technologies and Transformation Initiatives Within the Defense Science and Technology Program

'Leap Ahead' Technologies and Transformation Initiatives Within the Defense Science and Technology Program
  • Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :137
  • ISBN : UCAL:B3409089
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Summary :

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Akhlesh Lakhtakia,Raúl José Martín-Palma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-24
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780123914323
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Summary : Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning, structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures. Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more

Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems

Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems
  • Author : Nathan F. Lepora,Anna Mura,Michael Mangan,Paul F.M.J. Verschure,Marc Desmulliez,Tony J. Prescott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-11
  • Total pages :555
  • ISBN : 9783319424170
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Summary : This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems, Living Machines 2016, held in Edinburgh, UK, in July 2016. The 34 full and 27 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 63 submissions.The theme of the conference encompasses biomimetic methods for manufacture, repair and recycling inspired by natural processes such as reproduction, digestion, morphogenesis and metamorphosis.

Biomimetics

Biomimetics
  • Author : Yoseph Bar-Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-11-02
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 0849331633
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Summary : Nature is the world's foremost designer. With billions of years of experience and boasting the most extensive laboratory available, it conducts research in every branch of engineering and science. Nature's designs and capabilities have always inspired technology, from the use of tongs and tweezers to genetic algorithms and autonomous legged robots. Taking a systems perspective rather than focusing narrowly on materials or chemistry aspects, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies examines the field from every angle. The book contains pioneering approaches to biomimetics including a new perspective on the mechanization of cognition and intelligence, as well as defense and attack strategies in nature, their applications, and potential. It surveys the field from modeling to applications and from nano- to macro-scales, beginning with an introduction to principles of using biology to inspire designs as well as biological mechanisms as models for technology. This innovative guide discusses evolutionary robotics; genetic algorithms; molecular machines; multifunctional, biological-, and nano- materials; nastic structures inspired by plants; and functional surfaces in biology. Looking inward at biological systems, the book covers the topics of biomimetic materials, structures, control, cognition, artificial muscles, biosensors that mimic senses, artificial organs, and interfaces between engineered and biological systems. The final chapter contemplates the future of the field and outlines the challenges ahead. Featuring extensive illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies provides unmatched breadth of scope as well as lucid illumination of this promising field.

Laser Technology in Biomimetics

Laser Technology in Biomimetics
  • Author : Volker Schmidt,Maria Regina Belegratis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-02
  • Total pages :267
  • ISBN : 9783642413414
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Summary : Lasers are progressively more used as versatile tools for fabrication purposes. The wide range of available powers, wavelengths, operation modes, repetition rates etc. facilitate the processing of a large spectrum of materials at exceptional precision and quality. Hence, manifold methods were established in the past and novel methods are continuously under development. Biomimetics, the translation from nature-inspired principles to technical applications, is strongly multidisciplinary. This field offers intrinsically a wide scope of applications for laser based methods regarding structuring and modification of materials. This book is dedicated to laser fabrication methods in biomimetics. It introduces both, a laser technology as well as an application focused approach. The book covers the most important laser lithographic methods and various biomimetics application scenarios ranging from coatings and biotechnology to construction, medical applications and photonics.

Potentials and Trends in Biomimetics

Potentials and Trends in Biomimetics
  • Author : Arnim Gleich,Christian Pade,Ulrich Petschow,Eugen Pissarskoi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-18
  • Total pages :197
  • ISBN : 9783642052460
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Summary : There is a wide consensus about the necessity of sustainable development. There is also a consensus that wide areas of our economy, industry, and technology and the life styles in industrialized countries are not susta- able. Science and technology are widely regarded as (main) causes for this situation. Issues in this context comprise the generally low resource ef- ciency, an increased and mostly undebated technological power, an - creased invasiveness of modern technologies, increasing amounts and - versity of pollutants, and high technological risks. On the other hand science and technology are also regarded as (main) solution providers towards more sustainability. Thus the question is which type of science and technology is rather a part of the problem, and which type is rather a part of the solution? ‘Learning from nature’ may give some orientation in this context. B- mimetics and bionics are widely regarded as being a part of the solution.

Biomimetic and Bioinspired Membranes for New Frontiers in Sustainable Water Treatment Technology

Biomimetic and Bioinspired Membranes for New Frontiers in Sustainable Water Treatment Technology
  • Author : Amira Abdelrasoul,Huu Doan,Ali Lohi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-06
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 9789535136613
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Summary : Biomimetic and bioinspired membranes are the most promising type of membrane for multiple usage scenarios, including commercial separation applications as well as water and wastewater treatment technologies. In recent years, aquaporin biomimetic membranes (ABMs) for water purification have raised considerable interest. These membranes display uniquely favorable properties and outstanding performances, such as diverse interactions, varied selective transport mechanisms, superior stability, high resistance to membrane fouling, and distinct adaptability. Biomimetic membranes would make a significant contribution to alleviate water stress, environmental threats, and energy consumption.

Biomimetic Microengineering

Biomimetic Microengineering
  • Author : Hyun Jung Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-05
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9781000725803
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Summary : This book will examine the relevant biological subjects involved in biomimetic microengineering as well as the design and implementation methods of such engineered microdevices. Physiological topics covered include regeneration of complex responses of our body on a cellular, tissue, organ, and inter-organ level. Technological concepts in cell and tissue engineering, stem cell biology, microbiology, biomechanics, materials science, micro- and nanotechnology, and synthetic biology are highlighted to increase understanding of the transdisciplinary methods used to create the more complex, robust biomimetic engineered models. The effectiveness of the new bioinspired microphysiological systems as replacements for existing in vitro or in vivo models is explained through sections that include the protocols to reconstitute three-dimensional (3D) structures, recapitulate physiological functions, and emulate the pathophysiology of human diseases. This book will also discuss how researchers can discover bridge technologies for disease modeling and personalized precision medicine. Features Focuses on cutting edge technologies that enable manipulation of living systems in a spatiotemporal manner. Incorporates research on reverse engineering of comples microenvironmental factors in human diseases. Highlights technologies related to patient-specific personalized medicine and their potential uses. Written by chapter authors who are highly respected researchers in science and engineering. Includes extensive references at the end of each chapter to enhance further study. Hyun Jung Kim is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin. After receiving hois Ph.D. degree at Yonsei University in the Republic of Korea, he did extensive postdctoral research at both the University of Chicago and the Wyss Institute at Harvard University. These efforts resulted in cutting-edge breakthroughs in synthetic microbial community research and organomimetic human Gut-on-a-Chip microsystem. His research on Gut-on-a-Chip technology leads to the creation of a microfluidic device that mimics the physiology and pathology of the living human intestine. Since 2015, he has explored novel human host-microbiome ecosystems to discover the disease mechanism and new therapeutics in inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancers at UT Austin. In collaboration with clinicians, his lab is currently developing disease-oriented, patient-specific models for the advancement in pharmaceutical and clinical fields. • Focuses on cutting edge technologies that enable manipulation of living systems in a spatiotemporal manner. • Incorporates research on reverse engineering of complex microenvironmental factors in human diseases. • Highlights technologies related to patient-specific personalized medicine and their potential uses. • Written by chapter authors who are highly respected researchers in science and engineering. • Includes extensive references at the end of each chapter to enhance further study. Hyun Jung Kim is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin. After receiving his Ph.D. degree at Yonsei University in the Republic of Korea, he did extensive postdoctoral research at both the University of Chicago and the Wyss Institute at Harvard University. These efforts resulted in cutting-edge breakthroughs in synthetic microbial community research and organomimetic human Gut-on-a-Chip microsystem. His research on Gut-on-a-Chip technology leads to the creation of a microfluidic device that mimics the physiology and pathology of the living human intestine. Since 2015, he has explored novel human host-microbiome ecosystems to discover the disease mechanism and new therapeutics in inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer at UT Austin. In collaboration with clinicians, his lab is currently developing disease-oriented, patient-specific models for the advancement in pharmaceutical and clinical fields.

Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology

Micromachining and Microfabrication Process Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058298848
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Summary :

Scaffolds in Tissue EngineeringMaterials, Technologies and Clinical Applications

Scaffolds in Tissue EngineeringMaterials, Technologies and Clinical Applications
  • Author : Francesco Baino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9789535136415
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Summary : Biomaterials are often designed to act as scaffolds, i.e., 3D porous templates that support and stimulate the growth of healthy tissue and then safely dissolve once they have performed their functions. This book provides a picture of the current state of the art in the field of scaffolds for tissue engineering, highlighting the potential associated to the latest scientific and technological advancements. The former part of the book focuses on the repair of "hard" tissues (primarily bone) by means of bioceramic/glass scaffolds, and the latter deals with the applications of polymeric scaffolds for regenerating "soft" tissues and structures including the peripheral nerve, heart, gastric mucosa and pancreas. Special emphasis is given to the challenges associated to scaffold manufacturing, biomimetic properties and cell-scaffold interactions.

Climbing and Walking Robots and the Support Technologies for Mobile Machines

Climbing and Walking Robots and the Support Technologies for Mobile Machines
  • Author : Phillippe Bidaud,Faiz Ben Amar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-11-08
  • Total pages :1032
  • ISBN : 1860583806
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Summary : Robotic technology advances for a wide variety of applications Climbing and Walking Robots and the Support Technologies for Mobile Machines explores the increasing interest in real-world robotics and the surge in research and invention it has inspired. Featuring the latest advances from leading robotics labs around the globe, this book presents solutions for perennial challenges in robotics and suggests directions for future research. With applications ranging from personal services and entertainment to emergency rescue and extreme environment intervention, the groundbreaking work presented here provides a glimpse of the future.

Biomimetics

Biomimetics
  • Author : Yoseph Bar-Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :788
  • ISBN : 9781439834770
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Summary : Mimicking nature – from science fiction to engineering reality Humans have always looked to nature’s inventions as a source of inspiration. The observation of flying birds and insects leads to innovations in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are based on survival of the fittest, the seed-picking process of pigeons, or the behavior of ant colonies. In recent years these efforts have become more intensive, with researchers seeking rules, concepts, and principles of biology to inspire new possibilities in materials, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication processes. A review of the current state of the art, Biomimetics: Nature Based Innovation documents key biological solutions that provide a model for innovations in engineering and science. Leading experts address a wide range of topics, including: Artificial senses and organs Mimicry at the cell–materials interface Multiscale modeling of plant cell wall architecture and tissue mechanics The making of biomimetic composites Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as artificial muscles EAP-based refreshable braille displays Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants Biomimicry of flying birds, insects, and marine biology Applications of biomimetics in manufacturing, products, and medicine Robotics, including the development of human-like robots Biologically inspired design as a tool for interdisciplinary education The biomimetic process in artistic creation The final chapter outlines the challenges to biomimetic-related innovation and offers a vision for the future. A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies (2005), this comprehensive reference methodically surveys the latest advances in this rapidly emerging field. It features an abundance of illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, and provides extensive references for engineers and scientists interested in delving deeper into the study of biomimetics.

Biomimetics

Biomimetics
  • Author : Bharat Bhushan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-19
  • Total pages :591
  • ISBN : 9783319282848
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Summary : This revised, updated and expanded new edition presents an overview of biomimetics and biologically inspired structured surfaces. It deals with various examples of biomimetics which include surfaces with roughness-induced superomniphobicity, self-cleaning, antifouling, and controlled adhesion. The focus in the book is on the Lotus Effect, Salvinia Effect, Rose Petal Effect, Oleophobic/philic Surfaces, Shark Skin Effect, and Gecko Adhesion. This new edition also contains new chapters on the butterfly wing effect, bio- and inorganic fouling and structure and Properties of Nacre and structural coloration.

Sensors and Biosensors, MEMS Technologies and its Applications

Sensors and Biosensors, MEMS Technologies and its Applications
  • Author : Sergey Yurish
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-14
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9788461641543
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Summary :

Biomimetics in Materials Science

Biomimetics in Materials Science
  • Author : Michael Nosonovsky,Pradeep K. Rohatgi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-07
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9781461409267
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Summary : Biomimetics in Materials Science provides a comprehensive theoretical and practical review of biomimetic materials with self-healing, self-lubricating and self-cleaning properties. These three topics are closely related and constitute rapidly developing areas of study. The field of self-healing materials requires a new conceptual understanding of this biomimetic technology, which is in contrast to traditional engineering processes such as wear and fatigue. Biomimetics in Materials Science is the first monograph to be devoted to these materials. A new theoretical framework for these processes is presented based on the concept of multi-scale structure of entropy and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, together with a detailed review of the available technology. The latter includes experimental, modeling, and simulation results obtained on self-healing/lubricating/cleaning materials since their emergence in the past decade.

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
  • Author : Ranjan Vepa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-24
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780128072622
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Summary : Some basic features of biomimetic robotics and the technologies that are facilitating their development are discussed in this chapter. The emergence of smart materials and structures, smart sensors and actuators capable of mimicking biological transducers, bio-inspired signal-processing techniques, modeling and control of manipulators resembling biological limbs, and the shape control of flexible systems are the primary areas in which recent technological advances have taken place. Some key applications of these technological developments in the design of morphing airfoils, modeling and control of anthropomorphic manipulators and muscle activation modeling, and control for human limb prosthetic and orthotic applications are discussed. Also discussed, with some typical examples, are the related developments in the application of nonlinear optimal control and estimation, which are fundamental to the success of biomimetic robotics.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:30000006032266
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Summary : Semiannual, with semiannual and annual indexes. References to all scientific and technical literature coming from DOE, its laboratories, energy centers, and contractors. Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information, and foreign nonnuclear information. Arranged under 39 categories, e.g., Biomedical sciences, basic studies; Biomedical sciences, applied studies; Health and safety; and Fusion energy. Entry gives bibliographical information and abstract. Corporate, author, subject, report number indexes.