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Biopolymer Membranes and Films

Biopolymer Membranes and Films
  • Author : Mariana Agostini De Moraes,Classius Ferreira Da Silva,Rodrigo Silveria Vieira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-19
  • Total pages :654
  • ISBN : 9780128181355
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Summary : Biopolymer Membranes and Films: Health, Food, Environment, and Energy Applications presents the latest techniques for the design and preparation of biopolymer-based membranes and films, leading to a range of cutting-edge applications. The first part of the book introduces the fundamentals of biopolymers, two-dimensional systems, and the characterization of biopolymer membranes and films, considering physicochemical, mechanical and barrier properties. Subsequent sections are organized by application area, with each chapter explaining how biopolymer-based membranes or films can be developed for specific innovative uses across the health, food, environmental and energy sectors. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and advanced students involved in biopolymer science, polymer membranes and films, polymer chemistry and materials science, as well as for those in industry and academia who are looking to develop materials for advanced applications in the health, food science, environment or energy industries. Presents detailed coverage of a range of novel applications in key strategic areas across health, food, environment and energy Considers the difficulties associated with two-dimensional materials Assists the reader in selecting the best materials and properties for specific applications Helps researchers, scientists and engineers combine the enhanced properties of membranes and films with the sustainable characteristics of biopolymer-based materials

Recent Advances in Biopolymers

Recent Advances in Biopolymers
  • Author : Farzana Khan Perveen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-09
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9789535122555
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Summary : This book contains 10 Chapters divided into three Sections. Section A covers synthesis of biopolymers. Lignocellulosic feedstock contains cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, which are used for synthesis of biopolymers. Polymer-coated noble metal nanoparticles are used in nanobiomedicine and fundamental biomaterials. Section B describes applications of biopolymers in biomedical, antimicrobial, industrial, nanotechnology, laser-based thin films, and regenerative medicines. Section C is dedicated for advancement and engineering in biopolymers for personal protective garments, equipments, membrane separation processes, purifications, and new generation of high-performance biomaterials. A new numerical-cum-graphical method called TI2BioP (Topological Indices to BioPolymers) has been developed to estimate topological indices (TIs) from two-dimensional (2D) graphical approaches for the natural biopolymers DNA, RNA, and proteins.

Biopolymer Thin Films and Coatings

Biopolymer Thin Films and Coatings
  • Author : Stefan Spirk,Tiina Nypelö,Eero Kontturi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-10
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889633333
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Summary : In science as well as in industry, the impetus of research on bio-based polymers has recently expanded into new terrains. The need to replace fossil-based materials with sustainable and renewable sources is one of the main drivers for the emergence and the development of new and environmentally friendly materials. While some materials applications of bio-based polymers are already very well established, for instance, in paper and textiles, others have just emerged with thin films and coatings being a recent and particular area of interest. Thin films in general are an enormous field of research both fundamentally and from an applied perspective, with uses ranging from corrosion resistance to photovoltaics and sensors. Since bio-based materials are a relatively novel source material for thin films, the research in this area is at a fresh, exciting stage at the moment.

Biopolymer-Based Formulations

Biopolymer-Based Formulations
  • Author : Dr. Kunal Pal,Indranil Banerjee,Preetam Sarkar,Doman Kim,Win-Ping Deng,Navneet Kumar Dubey,Kaustav Majumder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-18
  • Total pages :966
  • ISBN : 9780128168981
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Summary : Biopolymer-Based Formulations: Biomedical and Food Applications presents the latest advances in the synthesis and characterization of advanced biopolymeric formulations and their state-of-the-art applications across biomedicine and food science. Sections cover the fundamentals, applications, future trends, environmental, ethical and medical considerations, and biopolymeric architectures that are organized in nano, micro and macro scales. The final section of the book focuses on novel applications and recent developments. This book is an essential resource for researchers, scientists and advanced students in biopolymer science, polymer science, polymer chemistry, polymer composites, plastics engineering, biomaterials, materials science, biomedical engineering, and more. It will also be of interest to R&D professionals, scientists and engineers across the plastics, food, biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Provides in-depth coverage of methods for the characterization of the physical properties of biopolymeric architectures Supports a range of novel applications, including scaffolds, implant coatings, drug delivery, and nutraceutical encapsulation systems Includes the use of experimental data and mathematical modeling, thus enabling the reader to analyze and compare the properties of different polymeric gels

Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration, (M46)

Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration, (M46)
  • Author : AWWA Staff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-12
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9781613000335
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Summary :

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-29
  • Total pages :782
  • ISBN : 9780128226698
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Summary : Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications summarizes the properties of polymer nanocomposites, discusses their industrial scale fabrication methods, and presents their applications for various industrial sectors at both experimental and theoretical models scales. The book also addresses existing challenges for the use of polymer nanocomposites in major industrial sectors. Overall, the aim of this book is to summarize the recent advancements in the use of PNCs in a variety of industry sectors. Particular attention is paid to those approaches that enable green and sustainable industrial developments. The legal, economical and toxicity aspects of polymer nanocomposite are also presented in detail. Comprehensively explores how polymer nanocomposites are being used to create more efficient products and devices in a variety of industry sectors Explores the environmental, legal, health and safety issues of using polymer nanocomposites in an industrial context Develops a roadmap to the wider commercial utilization of polymer nanocomposites Emphasizes the use of polymer nanocomposites in green and sustainable technologies

Polymer Yearbook 16

Polymer Yearbook 16
  • Author : Richard A. Pethrick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-06-23
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 905702473X
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Summary : Polymer Yearbooks provide reviews of Japanese and Russian polymer science not otherwise readily available in English. An essential desk reference of general interest to polymer scientists, they contain reviews covering topics in polymer synthesis, degradation, renewable polymer sources, drug release, thermodynamics of polymers under shear, etc. The books also contain lists of recent publications in polymer science and a compilation of dissertation abstracts. Names and addresses of research annuals in polymer science and their editors are listed, together with useful information such as standard abbreviations and trade names. Containing summaries of useful physical, chemical, and mathematical data along with definitions of terms in polymer science, the Polymer Yearbook is a must for any practicing polymer chemist. This volume also contains reviews on state-of-the-art Japanese research presented in the annual Spring and Fall meetings of the Japanese Polymer Science Society. The aim of this section is to make information on the progress of Japanese polymer science, and on topics of current interest to polymer scientists in Japan, more easily available worldwide.

Biopolymer Electrolytes

Biopolymer Electrolytes
  • Author : Sudhakar Y.N.,M. Selvakumar,D. Krishna Bhat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-09
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9780128136119
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Summary : Biopolymer Electrolytes: Fundamentals and Applications in Energy Storage provides the core fundamentals and applications for polyelectrolytes and their properties with a focus on biopolymer electrolytes. Increasing global energy and environmental challenges demand clean and sustainable energy sources to support the modern society. One of the feasible technologies is to use green energy and green materials in devices. Biopolymer electrolytes are one such green material and, hence, have enormous application potential in devices such as electrochemical cells and fuel cells. Features a stable of case studies throughout the book that underscore key concepts and applications Provides the core fundamentals and applications for polyelectrolytes and their properties Weaves the subject of biopolymer electrolytes across a broad range of disciplines, including chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, environmental science, and pharmaceutical science

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications, 3 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications, 3 Volume Set
  • Author : Munmaya Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-17
  • Total pages :5250
  • ISBN : 9781351019408
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Summary : Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. This groundbreaking work provides important overviews to help stimulate further advancements in all areas of polymers. This comprehensive multi-volume reference includes articles contributed from a diverse and global team of renowned researchers. It offers a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics in a variety of applications, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. The encyclopedia provides introductions, classifications, properties, selection, types, technologies, shelf-life, recycling, testing and applications for each of the entries where applicable. It features critical content for both novices and experts including, engineers, scientists (polymer scientists, materials scientists, biomedical engineers, macromolecular chemists), researchers, and students, as well as interested readers in academia, industry, and research institutions.

Nanofiltration

Nanofiltration
  • Author : Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9781789233766
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Summary : The nanofiltration technique lies between ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis techniques, and it is considered a low-cost process and is capable of removing pesticides, organic matter, desalination of sea water, oil process and pollutants from industrial wastewater. However, the main challenge in implementation of nanofiltration membrane is its ability towards fouling and low performance at high temperature. The use of nanoparticles in the manufacturing of membranes allows for a high degree of control over membrane fouling. Nanoparticle-based membranes can be developed by assembling engineered nanoparticles into porous membranes or blending them with polymeric or inorganic membranes. This book covers topics from multiple ranges from manufacturing of nanofiltration membranes and their applications in wastewater treatment, drinking water treatment, and removal of pollutants, to addressing the fouling issues.

Construction Manual for Polymers + Membranes

Construction Manual for Polymers + Membranes
  • Author : Jan Knippers,Jan Cremers,Markus Gabler,Julian Lienhard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-17
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9783034614702
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Summary : Whether it be as translucent sheets, broadly stretched membranes, and inflated foil cushions or in graceful, organic curves, architecture today is utilizing plastics in the most disparate forms and for a wide variety of purposes. Innovative technical developments are constantly improving its material properties; at the same time, there is a growing new awareness of its potential as a construction material. While plastics used to be employed primarily as an inexpensive variant on traditional building materials, they are increasingly regarded in the construction world today as a serious and viable alternative, be it as supporting structures, roofs, facades, or elements of interior design and decoration. Thanks in large part to this inherent self-sufficiency, plastics are currently enjoying an unprecedented surge in popularity, even among the international architectural avant-garde – as multiwall sheets or corrugated, fiber-reinforced panels, or as filling between glass panes. And the new generation of ecological bioplastics also pays tribute to the debate on sustainability, ridding plastics of their lingering reputation as environmental offenders. From the history of plastics and membranes in architecture to their material properties and requirements in construction and design, the Plastics and Membranes Construction Manual cuts to the chase, providing the kind of solid and comprehensive overview of the subject that readers have come to expect from the Im DETAIL series. Selected project examples round off the reference work and make it indispensable for the day-to-day life of the professional planner and for every architecture library.

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels
  • Author : Sutapa Biswas Majee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-24
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9789535125099
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Summary : This book is an Up-to-date and authoritative account on physicochemical principles, pharmaceutical and biomedical applications of hydrogels. It consists of eight contributions from different authors highlighting properties and synthesis of hydrogels, their characterization by various instrumental methods of analysis, comprehensive review on stimuli-responsive hydrogels and their diverse applications, and a special section on self-healing hydrogels. Thus, this book will equip academia and industry with adequate basic and applied principles related to hydrogels.

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes
  • Author : Hongbo Du,Audie Thompson,Xinying Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-28
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9789535139218
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Summary : Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

Fundamentals of Membrane Bioreactors

Fundamentals of Membrane Bioreactors
  • Author : Bradley Ladewig,Muayad Nadhim Zemam Al-Shaeli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-22
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9789811020148
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Summary : This book provides a critical, carefully researched, up-to-date summary of membranes for membrane bioreactors. It presents a comprehensive and self-contained outline of the fundamentals of membrane bioreactors, especially their relevance as an advanced water treatment technology. This outline helps to bring the technology to the readers’ attention, and positions the critical topic of membrane fouling as one of the key impediments to its more widescale adoption. The target readership includes researchers and industrial practitioners with an interest in membrane bioreactors.

Active Antimicrobial Food Packaging

Active Antimicrobial Food Packaging
  • Author : Isıl Var,Sinan Uzunlu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-30
  • Total pages :104
  • ISBN : 9781789850031
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Summary : Active antimicrobial food packaging is a new generation of packaging. Antimicrobial food additives are incorporated in the food packaging systems to inhibit, retard, or inactivate microbial growth to extend the shelf life of foods. This book is composed of five chapters, and is aimed at introducing the reader to active antimicrobial food packaging, as well as concerns of the consumers on synthetic-based food additives.

Mixed Matrix Membranes

Mixed Matrix Membranes
  • Author : Clara Casado-Coterillo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-16
  • Total pages :146
  • ISBN : 9783039219766
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Summary : Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) have attracted a large amount of interest in research laboratories worldwide in recent decades, motivated by the gap between a growing interest in developing novel mixed matrix membranes by various research groups and the lack of large-scale implementation. This Special Issue contains six publications dealing with the current opportunities and challenges of mixed matrix membranes development and applications to solve environmental and health challenges of the society of 21st century.

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment
  • Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Sacide Alsoy Altinkaya,Jochen Bundschuh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-14
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781351715263
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Summary : The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Biopolymers from Renewable Resources

Biopolymers from Renewable Resources
  • Author : David L. Kaplan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9783662036808
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Summary : Biopolymers from Renewable Resources is a compilation of information on the diverse and useful polymers derived from agricultural, animal, and microbial sources. The volume provides insight into the diversity of polymers obtained directly from, or derived from, renewable resources. The beneficial aspects of utilizing polymers from renewable resources, when considering synthesis, pro cessing, disposal, biodegradability, and overall material life-cycle issues, suggests that this will continue to be an important and growing area of interest. The individual chapters provide information on synthesis, processing and properties for a variety of polyamides, polysaccharides, polyesters and polyphenols. The reader will have a single volume that provides a resource from which to gain initial insights into this diverse field and from which key references and contacts can be drawn. Aspects of biology, biotechnology, polymer synthesis, polymer processing and engineering, mechanical properties and biophysics are addressed to varying degrees for the specific biopolymers. The volume can be used as a reference book or as a teaching text. At the more practical level, the range of important materials derived from renewable resources is both extensive and impressive. Gels, additives, fibers, coatings and films are generated from a variety of the biopolymers reviewed in this volume. These polymers are used in commodity materials in our everyday lives, as well as in specialty products.

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-01-01
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9780309049986
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Summary : Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

Science and Technology of Polymers and Advanced Materials

Science and Technology of Polymers and Advanced Materials
  • Author : Omari V. Mukbaniani,Tamara N. Tatrishvili,Marc J. M. Abadie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-02
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780429757600
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Summary : Increasing interest in lightweight and high-performance materials is leading to significant research activity in the area of polymers and composites. One recent focus is to develop multifunctional materials that have more than one property tailored as to the specified design requirements, in addition to achieving low density. The possibility of simultaneously tailoring several desired properties is attractive but very challenging, and it requires significant advancement in the science and technology of high-performance functional polymers and composites. This volume presents a selection of new approaches in the field of composites and nanomaterials, polymer synthesis and applications, and materials and their properties. Some composites/nanocomposites and interfaces are explored as well, some with medical applications. The authors also look at simulations and modeling, synthesis involving photochemistry, self-assembled hydrogels, and sol-gel processing.

Cellulose Nanoparticles

Cellulose Nanoparticles
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Elisabete Frollini,Janet Scott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-09
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 1788017943
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Summary : Cellulose nanoparticles (CNP) are a class of bio-based nanoscale materials, which are of interest due to their unique structural features and properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and renewability. Cellulose Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Manufacturing concentrates on advanced high performance cellulose nanocomposites. Chapters cover the synthesis of advanced materials, manufacturing, and applications of cellulose nanocrystals and nanofibrils. Together with Volume 1, these books form a useful reference work for graduate students and researchers in chemistry, materials science, nanoscience and green nanotechnology.