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Biotechnological Strategies for the Treatment of Gluten Intolerance

Biotechnological Strategies for the Treatment of Gluten Intolerance
  • Author : Mauro Rossi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-06-01
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780128217412
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Summary : Biotechnological Strategies for the Treatment of Gluten Intolerance provides a comprehensive overview of a wide range of biotechnological approaches that will further research and upon implementation improve the quality of life of this population. Gluten intolerance is a heterogeneous condition with varying levels of sensitivity that have typically been treated with a gluten free diet, but this book provides new and exciting biotechnological approaches that affect diet as well as non-dietary approaches. The reference describes the varying levels of sensitivity and explores symptoms beyond the intestines for a complete overview of the spectrum of sensitivity. The impact of diversity of wheat species, gluten quality and the nutritional values of gluten free products are extensively discussed. This reference is perfect for researchers and clinicians that want to further treatment options for those suffering from gluten sensitivity. Provides an innovative scenario of gluten intolerance, on the basis of recent epidemiological and pathogenetic findings Highlights the knowledge of biotechnological strategies to overcome the classical gluten free diet Highlights innovative immune approaches for the management of gluten intolerance

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
  • Author : Ali Asghar Rastegari,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-15
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780128205297
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Summary : New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Perspectives for Human Health discusses how microbial biotechnology helps us understand new strategies to reduce pathogens and drug resistance through microbial biotechnology. The most commonly used probiotic bacteria are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Therefore, the probiotic strains exhibit powerful anti-inflammatory, antiallergic and other important properties. This new book provides an indispensable reference source for engineers/bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, pharmacologists, and researchers who want to know about the unique properties of this microbe and explore its sustainable biomedicine future applications. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application for sustainable biomedicine system Explores various microbes and their beneficial application for biofortification of crops for micronutrients Explains the potentials and significance of probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics in health and disease Includes current applications of beneficial microbes as Functional Food Products of Pharmaceutical Importance

Gluten-Free Food Science and Technology

Gluten-Free Food Science and Technology
  • Author : Eimear Gallagher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-08
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 1444316214
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Summary : Coeliac disease (CD) and other allergic reactions/intolerances to gluten are on the rise, largely due to improved diagnostic procedures and changes in eating habits. The worldwide incidence of coeliac disease has been predicted to increase by a factor of ten over the next number of years, and this has resulted in a growing market for high quality gluten-free cereal products. However, the removal of gluten presents major problems for bakers. Currently, many gluten-free products on the market are of low quality and short shelf life, exhibiting poor mouthfeel and flavour. This challenge to the cereal technologist and baker alike has led to the search for alternatives to gluten in the manufacture of gluten-free bakery products. This volume provides an overview for the food industry of issues related to the increasing prevalence of coeliac disease and gluten intolerance. The properties of gluten are discussed in relation to its classification and important functional characteristics, and the nutritional value of gluten-free products is also addressed. The book examines the diversity of ingredients that can be used to replace gluten and how the ingredient combinations and subsequent rheological and manufacturing properties of a range of gluten-free products, e.g. doughs, breads, biscuits and beer may be manipulated. Recommendations are given regarding the most suitable ingredients for different gluten-free products. The book is directed at ingredient manufacturers, bakers, cereal scientists and coeliac associations and societies. It will also be of interest to academic food science departments for assisting with undergraduate studies and postgraduate research. The Author Dr Eimear Gallagher, Ashtown Food Research Centre, Teagasc - The Irish Agriculture and Food Development Authority, Dublin, Ireland Also available from Wiley-Blackwell Management of Food Allergens Edited by J. Coutts and R. Fielder ISBN 9781405167581 Bakery Manufacture and Quality - Water Control and Effects Second Edition S. Cauvain and L. Young ISBN 9781405176132 Whole Grains and Health Edited by L. Marquart et al ISBN 9780813807775

Plant Proteases

Plant Proteases
  • Author : Mercedes Diaz-Mendoza,Juan Guiamet,Frank Van Breusegem
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-24
  • Total pages :116
  • ISBN : 9782889633999
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Summary : Plant proteases are involved in most aspects of plant physiology and development, playing key roles in the generation of signaling molecules and as regulators of essential cellular processes such as cell division and metabolism. They take part in important pathways like protein turnover by the degradation of misfolded proteins and the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, and they are responsible for post-translational modifications of proteins by proteolysis at highly specific sites. Proteases are also implicated in a great variety of environmentally controlled processes, including mobilization of storage proteins during seed germination, development of seedlings, senescence, programmed cell death and defense mechanisms against pests and pathogens. However, in spite of their importance, little is known about the functions and mode of actions of specific plant proteases. This Research Topic collects contributions covering diverse aspects of plant proteases research.

Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages

Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages
  • Author : Elke Arendt,Fabio Dal Bello
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-28
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0080557767
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Summary : Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages is the only book to address gluten-free foods and beverages from a food science perspective. It presents the latest work in the development of gluten-free products, including description of the disease, the detection of gluten, and the labeling of gluten-free products as well as exploring the raw materials and ingredients used to produce gluten-free products. Identifying alternatives to the unique properties of gluten has proven a significant challenge for food scientists and for the 1% of the world’s population suffering from the immune-mediated entropathy reaction to the ingestion of gluten and related proteins, commonly known as Celiac Disease. This book includes information on the advances in working with those alternatives to create gluten free products including gluten-free beer, malt and functional drinks. Food scientists developing gluten-free foods and beverages, cereal scientists researching the area, and nutritionists working with celiac patients will find this book particularly valuable. Written by leading experts, presenting the latest developments in gluten-free products Addresses Coeliac Disease from a food science perspective Presents each topic from both a scientific and industrial point of view

Risk Management for Food Allergy

Risk Management for Food Allergy
  • Author : Charlotte Madsen,Rene Crevel,Clare Mills,Steve Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-13
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780123819895
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Summary : Risk Management for Food Allergy is developed by a team of scientists and industry professionals who understand the importance of allergen risk assessment and presents practical, real-world guidance for food manufacturers. With more than 12 million Americans suffering from food allergies and little indication of what is causing that number to continue to grow, food producers, packagers and distributors need to appropriately process, label and deliver their products to ensure the safety of customers with allergic conditions. By identifying risk factors during processing as well as determining appropriate "safe" thresholds of ingredients, the food industry must take increasingly proactive steps to avoid direct or cross-contamination as well as ensuring that their products are appropriately labeled and identified for those at risk. This book covers a range of critical topics in this area, including the epidemiology of food allergy, assessing allergen thresholds and risk, specifics of gluten management and celiac disease, and much more. The practical advice on factory risk management, catering industry practices, allergen detection and measurement and regulatory controls is key for food industry professionals as well as regulators in government and other public bodies. Science-based insights into the potential risks of food allergens Focused section on determining thresholds Practical guidance on food allergen risk management, including case studies

Therapeutic Enzymes: Function and Clinical Implications

Therapeutic Enzymes: Function and Clinical Implications
  • Author : Nikolaos Labrou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-03
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9789811377099
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Summary : Therapeutic enzymes exhibit fascinating features and opportunities, and represent a significant and promising subcategory of modern biopharmaceuticals for the treatment of several severe diseases. Research and drug developments efforts and the advancements in biotechnology over the past twenty years have greatly assisted the introduction of efficient and safe enzyme-based therapies for a range of both rare and common disorders. The introduction and regulatory approval of twenty different recombinant enzymes has enabled effective enzyme-replacement therapy. This volume aims to overview these therapeutic enzymes, focusing in particular on more recently approved enzymes produced by recombinant DNA technology. This volume is composed of four sections. Section 1 provides an overview of the production process and biochemical characterization of therapeutic enzymes, while Section 2 focuses upon the engineering strategies and delivery methods of therapeutic enzymes. Section 3 highlights the clinical applications of approved therapeutic enzymes, including aspects on their structure, indications and mechanisms of action. Together with information on these mechanisms, safety and immunogenicity issues and various adverse events of the recombinant enzymes used for therapy are discussed. Section 4, provides discussion on the prospective and future developments of new therapeutic enzymes. This book is aimed at academics, researchers and students undertaking advanced undergraduate/postgraduate programs in the biopharmaceutical/biotechnology area who wish to gain a comprehensive understanding of enzyme-based therapeutic molecules.

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Author : Anoop Singh,Shaili Srivastava,Dheeraj Rathore,Deepak Pant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-23
  • Total pages :371
  • ISBN : 9789811560217
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Summary : This book provides up-to-date information on the state of the art in applications of biotechnological and microbiological tools for protecting the environment. Written by leading international experts, it discusses potential applications of biotechnological and microbiological techniques in solid waste management, wastewater treatment, agriculture, energy and environmental health. This first volume of the book “Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology,” covers three main topics: Solid waste management, Agriculture utilization and Water treatment technology, exploring the latest developments from around the globe regarding applications of biotechnology and microbiology for converting wastes into valuable products and at the same time reducing the environmental pollution resulting from disposal. Wherever possible it also includes real-world examples. Further, it offers advice on which procedures should be followed to achieve satisfactory results, and provides insights that will promote the transition to the sustainable utilization of various waste products.

Sugarcane

Sugarcane
  • Author : Alexandre De Oliveira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-16
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781789231502
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Summary : Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is considered one of the major bioenergy crops grown globally. Thus, sugarcane research to improve sustainable production worldwide is a vital task of the scientific community, to address the increasing demands and needs for their products, especially biofuels. In this context, this book covers the most recent research areas related to sugarcane production and its applications. It is composed of 14 chapters, divided into 5 sections that highlight fundamental insights into the current research and technology on this crop. Sugarcane: Technology and Research intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview in technology, production, and applied and basic research of this bioenergy species, approaching the latest developments on varied topics related to this crop.

Finding a Path to Safety in Food Allergy

Finding a Path to Safety in Food Allergy
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Food Allergies: Global Burden, Causes, Treatment, Prevention, and Public Policy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-27
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9780309450348
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Summary : Over the past 20 years, public concerns have grown in response to the apparent rising prevalence of food allergy and related atopic conditions, such as eczema. Although evidence on the true prevalence of food allergy is complicated by insufficient or inconsistent data and studies with variable methodologies, many health care experts who care for patients agree that a real increase in food allergy has occurred and that it is unlikely to be due simply to an increase in awareness and better tools for diagnosis. Many stakeholders are concerned about these increases, including the general public, policy makers, regulatory agencies, the food industry, scientists, clinicians, and especially families of children and young people suffering from food allergy. At the present time, however, despite a mounting body of data on the prevalence, health consequences, and associated costs of food allergy, this chronic disease has not garnered the level of societal attention that it warrants. Moreover, for patients and families at risk, recommendations and guidelines have not been clear about preventing exposure or the onset of reactions or for managing this disease. Finding a Path to Safety in Food Allergy examines critical issues related to food allergy, including the prevalence and severity of food allergy and its impact on affected individuals, families, and communities; and current understanding of food allergy as a disease, and in diagnostics, treatments, prevention, and public policy. This report seeks to: clarify the nature of the disease, its causes, and its current management; highlight gaps in knowledge; encourage the implementation of management tools at many levels and among many stakeholders; and delineate a roadmap to safety for those who have, or are at risk of developing, food allergy, as well as for others in society who are responsible for public health.

Pesticides

Pesticides
  • Author : Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-20
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9789535112174
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Summary : The edited book Pesticides - Toxic Aspects contains an overview of attractive researchers of pesticide toxicology that covers the hazardous effects of common chemical pesticide agents employed every day in our agricultural practices. The combination of experimental and theoretical pesticide investigations of current interest will make this book of significance to researchers, scientists, engineers, and graduate students who make use of those different investigations to understand the toxic aspects of pesticides. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in different aspects of pesticide toxicity.

Food Allergy

Food Allergy
  • Author : Linglin Fu,Bobby J. Cherayil,Haining Shi,Yanbo Wang,Yang Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-03
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9789811369285
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Summary : This book addresses the molecular mechanisms of food allergies and related control strategies. To do so, it covers a broad range of topics, including: the basic immunology of food allergies, including crosstalk between gut mucosal immunity and allergens; types of food allergens, structure of food allergen epitopes and cross-reactivity; detection and quantification methods for food allergens; in vitro and in vivo models for evaluating allergenicity; novel food processing methods for the development of hypoallergenic foods; bioactive natural compounds and functional foods for alleviating allergic reactions; modulation of the microbiota in food allergies and use of probiotics in allergic response regulation; and risk assessment and control strategies for food allergens. The information provided will enable food scientists/specialists to design safer and more functional food products, and will help regulatory agencies identify and label food allergens (and thus help consumers avoid allergic reactions). It will help clinicians and public health investigators prevent or treat outbreaks of food allergies, and will provide food producers and processors, as well as government inspectors, with valuable insights into evaluation, risk assessment and control strategies for allergens. Lastly, it will benefit upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in food science and safety, public health, medicine, nutrition and related fields.

Agricultural Biotechnology

Agricultural Biotechnology
  • Author : Sheldon Krimsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :71
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105029411159
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Summary :

Global Wheat Production

Global Wheat Production
  • Author : Shah Fahad,Abdul Basir,Muhammad Adnan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-16
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9781789233360
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Summary : Global wheat consumption in the 2016/2017 season is forecasted to reach a record high 736m tonnes, showing a growth of 25% in the last 15 years. This raises the question which outlets the wheat is going into, what the growth of these outlets is, which regions or countries have grown the most, and where do we see future potential. Strong competition of other feed grains like corn is expected to slow the growth of wheat used for feed in the next years, and in the future, companies involved in the grain supply chain and feeding industry will need to be flexible enough to continue to meet this fast-changing demand for feed grains. For feed producers, this means they need to be able to access supplies of different grains from different origins to allow for the cheapest composition of their feed, while grain suppliers need to be able to continuously best engage with global trading opportunities to originate grains in various regions and move them to demand regions as cost-effectively as possible.

Actinobacteria

Actinobacteria
  • Author : Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran,Yi Jiang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-11
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9789535122487
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Summary : This book presents an introductory overview of Actinobacteria with three main divisions: taxonomic principles, bioprospecting, and agriculture and industrial utility, which covers isolation, cultivation methods, and identification of Actinobacteria and production and biotechnological potential of antibacterial compounds and enzymes from Actinobacteria. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on plant growth-promoting (PGP) and pollutant degrading ability of Actinobacteria and the exploitation of Actinobacteria as ecofriendly nanofactories for biosynthesis of nanoparticles, such as gold and silver. This book will be beneficial for the graduate students, teachers, researchers, biotechnologists, and other professionals, who are interested to fortify and expand their knowledge about Actinobacteria in the field of Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biomedical Science, Plant Science, Agriculture, Plant pathology, Environmental Science, etc.

What You Need to Know about Infectious Disease

What You Need to Know about Infectious Disease
  • Author : Madeline Drexler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1125923228
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Summary :

Microbiomes of Soils, Plants and Animals

Microbiomes of Soils, Plants and Animals
  • Author : Rachael E. Antwis,Xavier A. Harrison,Michael J. Cox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-12
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781108473712
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Summary : A comparative, holistic synthesis of microbiome research, spanning soil, plant, animal and human hosts.

Wheat Improvement, Management and Utilization

Wheat Improvement, Management and Utilization
  • Author : Ruth Wanyera,James Owuoche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-24
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9789535131519
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Summary : The Wheat Improvement, Management, and Utilization book covers some of the most recent research areas that touch on enhancement of wheat productivity. It is obvious that wheat is one of the major staple crops grown globally. This crop has widely been researched on considering that, for instance, it is afflicted by various abiotic and biotic stresses that limit its growth and productivity. Today?s goal of wheat improvement consistently is to develop varieties that are high yielding with good processing and technological qualities, well adapted and tolerant to prevailing biotic and abiotic stresses. Therefore, this is a valuable reference book on wheat improvement, agronomy, and end-use qualities, particularly for those who work in research organizations and higher academic institutions. Moreover, it provides an invaluable resource for readers interested in a quick review of trending topics in wheat.

Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering

Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering
  • Author : P. K. Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :613
  • ISBN : 8171337198
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Summary : PART I Molecular Biology 1. Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering Definition, History and Scope 2. Chemistry of the Cell: 1. Micromolecules (Sugars, Fatty Acids, Amino Acids, Nucleotides and Lipids) Sugars (Carbohydrates) 3. Chemistry of the Cell . 2. Macromolecules (Nucleic Acids; Proteins and Polysaccharides) Covalent and Weak Non-covalent Bonds 4. Chemistry of the Gene: Synthesis, Modification and Repair of DNA DNA Replication: General Features 5. Organisation of Genetic Material 1. Packaging of DNA as Nucleosomes in Eukaryotes Techniques Leading to Nucleosome Discovery 6. Organization of Genetic Material 2. Repetitive and Unique DNA Sequences 7. Organization of Genetic Material: 3. Split Genes, Overlapping Genes, Pseudogenes and Cryptic Genes Split Genes or .Interrupted Genes 8. Multigene Families in Eukaryotes 9. Organization of Mitochondrial and Chloroplast Genomes 10. The Genetic Code 11. Protein Synthesis Apparatus Ribosome, Transfer RNA and Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases Ribosome 12. Expression of Gene . Protein Synthesis 1. Transcription in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes 13. Expression of Gene: Protein Synthesis: 2. RNA Processing (RNA Splicing, RNA Editing and Ribozymes) Polyadenylation of mRNA in Prokaryotes Addition of Cap (m7G) and Tail (Poly A) for mRNA in Eukaryotes 14. Expression of Gene: Protein Synthesis: 3. Synthesis and Transport of Proteins (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes) Formation of Aminoacyl tRNA 15. Regulation of Gene Expression: 1. Operon Circuits in Bacteria and Other Prokaryotes 16. Regulation of Gene Expression . 2. Circuits for Lytic Cycle and Lysogeny in Bacteriophages 17. Regulation of Gene Expression 3. A Variety of Mechanisms in Eukaryotes (Including Cell Receptors and Cell Signalling) PART II Genetic Engineering 18. Recombinant DNA and Gene Cloning 1. Cloning and Expression Vectors 19. Recombinant DNA and Gene Cloning 2. Chimeric DNA, Molecular Probes and Gene Libraries 20. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Gene Amplification 21. Isolation, Sequencing and Synthesis of Genes 22. Proteins: Separation, Purification and Identification 23. Immunotechnology 1. B-Cells, Antibodies, Interferons and Vaccines 24. Immunotechnology 2. T-Cell Receptors and MHC Restriction 25. Immunotechnology 3. Hybridoma and Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs) Hybridoma Technology and the Production of Monoclonal Antibodies 26. Transfection Methods and Transgenic Animals 27. Animal and Human Genomics: Molecular Maps and Genome Sequences Molecular Markers 28. Biotechnology in Medicine: l.Vaccines, Diagnostics and Forensics Animal and Human Health Care 29. Biotechnology in Medicine 2. Gene Therapy Human Diseases Targeted for Gene Therapy Vectors and Other Delivery Systems for Gene Therapy 30. Biotechnology in Medicine: 3. Pharmacogenetics / Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine Phannacogenetics and Personalized 31. Plant Cell and Tissue Culture' Production and Uses of Haploids 32. Gene Transfer Methods in Plants 33. Transgenic Plants . Genetically Modified (GM) Crops and Floricultural Plants 34. Plant Genomics: 35. Genetically Engineered Microbes (GEMs) and Microbial Genomics References

Plant Genomics

Plant Genomics
  • Author : Ibrokhim Y. Abdurakhmonov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-14
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9789535124559
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Summary : Plant genomics aims to sequence, characterize, and study the genetic compositions, structures, organizations, functions, and interactions/networks of an entire plant genome. Its development and advances are tightly interconnected with proteomics, metabolomics, metagenomics, transgenomics, genomic selection, bioinformatics, epigenomics, phenomics, system biology, modern instrumentation, and robotics sciences. Plant genomics has significantly advanced over the past three decades in the land of inexpensive, high-throughput sequencing technologies and fully sequenced over 100 plant genomes. These advances have broad implications in every aspect of plant biology and breeding, powered with novel genomic selection and manipulation tools while generating many grand challenges and tasks ahead. This Plant genomics provides some updated discussions on current advances, challenges, and future perspectives of plant genome studies and applications.

Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance
  • Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Khalid Rehman Hakeem,Kamrun Nahar,Hesham F. Alharby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-04
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9783030061180
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Summary : Plants have to manage a series of environmental stresses throughout their entire lifespan. Among these, abiotic stress is the most detrimental; one that is responsible for nearly 50% of crop yield reduction and appears to be a potential threat to global food security in coming decades. Plant growth and development reduces drastically due to adverse effects of abiotic stresses. It has been estimated that crop can exhibit only 30% of their genetic potentiality under abiotic stress condition. So, this is a fundamental need to understand the stress responses to facilitate breeders to develop stress resistant and stress tolerant cultivars along with good management practices to withstand abiotic stresses. Also, a holistic approach to understanding the molecular and biochemical interactions of plants is important to implement the knowledge of resistance mechanisms under abiotic stresses. Agronomic practices like selecting cultivars that is tolerant to wide range of climatic condition, planting date, irrigation scheduling, fertilizer management could be some of the effective short-term adaptive tools to fight against abiotic stresses. In addition, “system biology” and “omics approaches” in recent studies offer a long-term opportunity at the molecular level in dealing with abiotic stresses. The genetic approach, for example, selection and identification of major conditioning genes by linkage mapping and quantitative trait loci (QTL), production of mutant genes and transgenic introduction of novel genes, has imparted some tolerant characteristics in crop varieties from their wild ancestors. Recently research has revealed the interactions between micro-RNAs (miRNAs) and plant stress responses exposed to salinity, freezing stress and dehydration. Accordingly transgenic approaches to generate stress-tolerant plant are one of the most interesting researches to date. This book presents the recent development of agronomic and molecular approaches in conferring plant abiotic stress tolerance in an organized way. The present volume will be of great interest among research students and teaching community, and can also be used as reference material by professional researchers.