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Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources

Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources
  • Author : Jayanta Kumar Patra,Rashmi Ranjan Mishra,HRUDAYANATH THATOI
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-17
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780128223826
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Summary : Mangroves are typically tropical coastal ecosystems found in the inter-tidal zones of river deltas and back water areas. They represent highly dynamic and fragile ecosystems, yet they are the most productive and biologically diversified habitats of various life forms including plants, animals and microorganisms. Mangroves are a resource of many different products, including; microorganisms that harbor a diverse group of industrially important enzymes, antibiotics, therapeutic proteins and vaccines; timber resistant to rot and insects; and medicinal plants. Divided into three main parts, Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources first provides a broad introduction into mangrove ecology. Subsequent chapters discuss the biodiversity of mangroves, including the diverse nature of the organisms within the mangroves themselves. The final part pays special attention to biotechnological utilization of mangroves. Topics such as antimicrobial activity of mangrove-derived products, anti-oxidant activity of mangrove derived products and pharmaceutical applications, are covered in detail. Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources brings the latest research and technologies in mangrove biology into one platform, providing readers with an up-to-date view on the area. This would serve as an excellent reference book for researchers and students in the field of marine biology especially interested in mangrove ecosystems. Highlights the diversity of different life forms in the mangrove ecosystem, including the importance of mangroves and mangrove-derived products. Focuses on biotechnological utilization of mangrove resources such as antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of microorganisms, and industrial and pharmaceutical applications Discusses the different modern tools and techniques used for the study of mangrove resources

The Marine Microbiome

The Marine Microbiome
  • Author : Lucas J. Stal,Mariana Silvia Cretoiu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-03
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9783319330006
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Summary : This book describes the state-of-the-art concerning the ‘marine microbiome’ and its uses in biotechnology. The first part discusses the diversity and ecology of marine microorganisms and viruses, including all three domains of life: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. It discusses whether marine microorganisms exist and, if so, why they might be unique. The second part presents selected marine habitats, their inhabitants and how they influence biogeochemical cycles, while the third discusses the utilization of marine microbial resources, including legal aspects, dissemination, and public awareness. The marine microbiome is the total of microorganisms and viruses in the ocean and seas and in any connected environment, including the seafloor and marine animals and plants. The diversity of microbial life remains unquantified and largely unknown, and could represent a hidden treasure for human society. Accordingly, this book is also intended to connect academics and industry, providing essential information for microbiologists from both fields.

Biodiversity of Mangrove Ecosystems

Biodiversity of Mangrove Ecosystems
  • Author : K. Kathiresan,Syed Zahoor Qasim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :251
  • ISBN : UOM:39015062480234
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Summary : Study with special reference to India.

Actinobacteria

Actinobacteria
  • Author : Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran,Yi Jiang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-11
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9789535122487
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Summary : This book presents an introductory overview of Actinobacteria with three main divisions: taxonomic principles, bioprospecting, and agriculture and industrial utility, which covers isolation, cultivation methods, and identification of Actinobacteria and production and biotechnological potential of antibacterial compounds and enzymes from Actinobacteria. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on plant growth-promoting (PGP) and pollutant degrading ability of Actinobacteria and the exploitation of Actinobacteria as ecofriendly nanofactories for biosynthesis of nanoparticles, such as gold and silver. This book will be beneficial for the graduate students, teachers, researchers, biotechnologists, and other professionals, who are interested to fortify and expand their knowledge about Actinobacteria in the field of Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biomedical Science, Plant Science, Agriculture, Plant pathology, Environmental Science, etc.

Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America

Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America
  • Author : Ulrich Seeliger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822007461072
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Summary : Vegetation ecology of rocky shores, Macroalgae of the Cabo Frio upwelling region, Brazil: ordination of communities, Mangrove macroalgal communities of Latin America: The state of art and perspectives, Effect of human exploitation on the intertidal community structure at the Valdivian Coast, Chile, Lessonia trabeculata, a subtidal bottom kelp in Northern Chile: a case study for a structural and Geographical comparison, Algal communities of a wave-protected intertidal rocky shore in Southern Chile, The seagrass ecosystem and Resources in Latin America.

Microbial Biotechnology

Microbial Biotechnology
  • Author : H. N. Thatoi,B. B. Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-01
  • Total pages :327
  • ISBN : 1842657240
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Summary : Microbes bear a great potential for their biotechnological applications. Without microbes biotechnology would be a limited science. In recent years, the scope of application and significance of microbiology has enlarged manifold. They are being employed since several decades for large-scale production of a variety of biochemicals ranging from alcohols to organic chemicals, antibiotics, enzymes and in processing of foods and feeds, etc. The book "MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY: Methods and Applications" covers an amazing range of topics from microbiology and their biotechnological applications in the field of industry, agriculture, food, pharmaceutics, medicine, environment etc. contributed by eminent subject experts, academicians, researchers and scientists from India and Abroad. This book would cater to the need of the graduate and post graduate students pursuing their study in any branch of life-sciences, researchers and scientists working in the laboratories and industries involved in the study and research in the field of microbes and their biotechnological applications.

Ecology of Insular Southeast Asia

Ecology of Insular Southeast Asia
  • Author : Friedhelm Goltenboth,Kris H. Timotius,Paciencia P. Milan,Josef Margraf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-07
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 0080467970
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Summary : The textbook entitled Tropical Ecology of Southeast Asia – The Indonesian Archipelago unfolds in its 5 major chapters with 20 subchapters on more than 500 pages, with more than 300 figures, the basic principles of ecology with examples mainly coming from the Indonesian Archipelago. After an introduction describing the geography, geology and climate of the region, the second chapter is dedicated to marine and freshwater ecosystems. Chapters on the functional ecology of seagrass beds, coral reefs, open ocean and deep sea are followed by information on lotic and lentic freshwater ecosystems. In chapter III ecotones and special ecosystems of the achipelago are in focus. The ecology and ecosystems of shore and tidal flats, mangroves, estuaries and soft bottom shores, caves, small islands, grasslands and savannas are decribed. The forest ecosystems with beach forest, tropical lowland evergreen rainforest, some special forest systems and mountain forests form the contents of chapter IV. The final chapter V is dealing with agroecosystems and human ecology. The main focus in this chapter is ricefield ecology, landuse systems and social ecology, including the advent of man and the development and expansion of man influencing this achipelago. An extended glossary and bibliography is added as well as tables of abbreviations, conversion factors, international system of units and measurements or SI and a geological time table and systematics. The index gives assess to important keywords and relevant information spread thoughout the contents of the book. The textbook will certainly be useful to teachers, lecturers and their students at university and college level. It also gives an overview about insular ecology of the vast Indonesian archipelago to any interested person or working ecologist. * Focuses on the tropical ecology and insular ecosystems and biodiversity of Indonesia, as well as the agroecology of humid tropics * Contains over 300 figures * Provides an extended glossary and bibliography, as well as tables of abbreviations, converstion factors, international system of units and a geological time table * Easy-to-use index gives access to important keywords used throughout the text

Handbook of Marine Macroalgae

Handbook of Marine Macroalgae
  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-04
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9781119977650
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Summary : The Handbook of Macroalgae: Biotechnology and Applied Phycology describes the biological, biotechnological and the industrial applications of seaweeds. Vast research into the cultivation of seaweeds is currently being undertaken but there is a lack of methodological strategies in place to develop novel drugs from these sources. This book aims to rectify this situation, providing an important review of recent advances and potential new applications for macroalgae. Focusing on the chemical and structural nature of seaweeds the book brings the potentially valuable bioactive nature to the fore. Novel compounds isolated from seaweeds are reviewed to provide an invaluable reference for anyone working in the field.

Green Nanoparticles

Green Nanoparticles
  • Author : Jayanta Kumar Patra,Leonardo F. Fraceto,Gitishree Das,Estefânia Vangelie Ramos Campos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-06
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9783030392468
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Summary : Nanotechnology is the application of science to control matter at the molecular level. It has become one of the most promising applied technologies in all areas of science. Nanoparticles have multi-functional properties and have created very interesting applications in various fields such as medicine, nutrition, bioenergy, agriculture and the environment. But the biogenic syntheses of monodispersed nanoparticles with specific sizes and shapes have been a challenge in biomaterial science. Nanoparticles are of great interest due to their extremely small size and large surface-to-volume ratio, which lead to both chemical and physical differences in their properties (e.g., mechanical properties, biological and sterical properties, catalytic activity, thermal and electrical conductivity, optical absorption and melting point) compared to bulk of the same chemical composition. Recently, however, synthesizing metal nanoparticles using green technology via microorganisms, plants, viruses, and so on, has been extensively studied and has become recognized as a green and efficient way for further exploiting biological systems as convenient nanofactories. Thus the biological synthesis of nanoparticles is increasingly regarded as a rapid, ecofriendly, and easily scaled-up technology. Today researchers are developing new techniques and materials using nanotechnology that may be suitable for plants to boost their native functions. Recently, biological nanoparticles were found to be more pharmacologically active than physico-chemically synthesized nanoparticles. Various applications of biosynthesized nanoparticles have been discovered, especially in the field of biomedical research, such as applications to specific delivery of drugs, use for tumor detection, angiogenesis, genetic disease and genetic disorder diagnosis, photoimaging, and photothermal therapy. Further, iron oxide nanoparticles have been applied to cancer therapy, hyperthermia, drug delivery, tissue repair, cell labeling, targeting and immunoassays, detoxification of biological fluids, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetically responsive drug delivery therapy. Nanoparticle synthesis for plant byproducts for biomedical applications has vast potential. This book offers researchers in plant science and biomedicine the latest research and opportunity to develop new tools for the synthesis of environmentally friendly and cost-effective nanoparticles for applications in biomedicine as well as other various fields.

Microbial Biotechnology

Microbial Biotechnology
  • Author : Jayanta Kumar Patra,Gitishree Das,Han-Seung Shin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-14
  • Total pages :537
  • ISBN : 9789811071409
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Summary : This edited book, is a collection of 25 chapters describing the recent advancements in the application of microbial technology in the food and pharmacology sector. The main focus of this book is application of microbes, food preservation techniques utilizing microbes, probiotics, seaweeds, algae, enzymatic abatement of urethane in fermentation of beverages, bioethanol production, pesticides, probiotic biosurfactants, drought tolerance, synthesis of application of oncolytic viruses in cancer treatment, microbe based metallic nanoparticles, agro chemicals, endophytes, metabolites, antibiotics etc. This book highlighted the significant aspects of the vast subject area of microbial biotechnology and their potential applications in food and pharmacology with various topics from eminent experts around the World. This book would serve as an excellent reference book for researchers and students in the Food Science, Food Biotechnology, Microbiology and Pharmaceutical fields.

The Ecology of Mangrove and Related Ecosystems

The Ecology of Mangrove and Related Ecosystems
  • Author : Victor Jaccarini,Els Martens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9789401732888
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Summary : The mangrove, seagrass and coral reef ecosystems are of paramount ecological importance but have already undergone great degradation, which is advancing at an alarming rate. If present trends continue, the natural resource basis of the economy and ecology of tropical coastal regions will soon be ruined. This was the unanimous conclusion of the 110 scientists from 23 countries who gathered in Mombasa, Kenya, for a Symposium on the ecology of these ecosystems. Mangrove forest systems yield large amounts of fish, crabs, prawns and oysters. They are also valuable sources of fuelwood, timber, tannin and other natural products. Their non-marketable value is of equal importance: stabilization of the coastline, an indispensable nursery ground for numerous marine species with commercial value, a natural filter maintaining the clarity of nearshore water, a home for resident and migratory birds and other wildlife. Many of the true mangrove flora and fauna are now endangered by the clearing of the mangroves. It has been shown that in many countries between 25 and 100% of the mangrove forest has been destroyed alraedy in the last twenty years. The international scientific assembly concluded that much can be done to stop the degradation of these damaged ecosystems and to rehabilitate them. But new techniques must be found to use them on a sustainable basis for long-term economic return and for the well-being of coastal human settlements and a healthy environment.

Agrindex

Agrindex
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924068455892
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Summary :

Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on a Study of Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Africa and South Asia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-21
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9780309124942
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Summary : Increased agricultural productivity is a major stepping stone on the path out of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, but farmers there face tremendous challenges improving production. Poor soil, inefficient water use, and a lack of access to plant breeding resources, nutritious animal feed, high quality seed, and fuel and electricity-combined with some of the most extreme environmental conditions on Earth-have made yields in crop and animal production far lower in these regions than world averages. Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia identifies sixty emerging technologies with the potential to significantly improve agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Eighteen technologies are recommended for immediate development or further exploration. Scientists from all backgrounds have an opportunity to become involved in bringing these and other technologies to fruition. The opportunities suggested in this book offer new approaches that can synergize with each other and with many other activities to transform agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies

Combating Micronutrient Deficiencies
  • Author : Brian Thompson,Leslie Amoroso
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :397
  • ISBN : 9781845937140
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Summary : This book, inclusive of 19 chapters, provides discussions on the benefits and limitations of food-based approaches for the prevention and control of micronutrient malnutrition. Different chapters focus on specific relevant topics, including current developments in food-based approaches and their program applications, relevance of agricultural interventions to nutrition, impact of multi-sectoral programmes with food-based approaches components in alleviating undernutrition and micronutrient malnutrition, animal-source foods as a food-based approach to address nutrient deficiencies, aquaculture's role in improving food and nutrition security, benefits of vegetables and fruits in preventing and combating micronutrient malnutrition, benefits of food-based approaches for overcoming single specific micronutrient deficiencies, and food fortification. This book will be of great use to professionals interested in public health, human nutrition, micronutrient deficiency interventions, food and nutrition security policy interventions, and agricultural research.

Biotechnological Applications of Biodiversity

Biotechnological Applications of Biodiversity
  • Author : Joydeep Mukherjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-22
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783662450970
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Summary : This book review series presents current trends in modern biotechnology. The aim is to cover all aspects of this interdisciplinary technology where knowledge, methods and expertise are required from chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, genetics, chemical engineering and computer science. Volumes are organized topically and provide a comprehensive discussion of developments in the respective field over the past 3-5 years. The series also discusses new discoveries and applications. Special volumes are dedicated to selected topics which focus on new biotechnological products and new processes for their synthesis and purification. In general, special volumes are edited by well-known guest editors. The series editor and publisher will however always be pleased to receive suggestions and supplementary information. Manuscripts are accepted in English.

The Ocean Economy in 2030

The Ocean Economy in 2030
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-27
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9789264251724
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Summary : This report explores the growth prospects for the ocean economy, its capacity for future employment creation and innovation, and its role in addressing global challenges. Special attention is devoted to the emerging ocean-based industries.

Plant Genetics and Biotechnology in Biodiversity

Plant Genetics and Biotechnology in Biodiversity
  • Author : Rosa Rao,Giandomenico Corrado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-09
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9783038420033
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Plant Genetics and Biotechnology in Biodiversity" that was published in Diversity

Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands

Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands
  • Author : Chandrakasan Sivaperuman,A. Velmurugan,Awnindra Kumar Singh,I. Jaisankar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-05
  • Total pages :805
  • ISBN : 9780128130650
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Summary : Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands provides comprehensive information on climate change, biodiversity, possible impacts, adaptation measures and policy challenges to help users rehabilitate and preserve the natural resources of tropical islands. While biodiversity and climate change of tropical islands has previously received less attention, it is ironically one of the most vulnerable regions in this regard. The core content of the work derives largely from the ideas and research output from various reputed scientists and experts who have recorded climate change impacts on aquatic and coastal life in tropical regions. Contributors have direct working experience with the tribes in some of the tropical islands. All of their expertise and information is compiled and presented in the work, including coverage related to climate change. This work highlights the ever-growing need to develop and apply strategies that optimize the use of natural resources, both on land and in water and judicious use of biodiversity. It functions as a critical resource on tropical island biodiversity for researchers, academicians, practitioners and policy makers in a variety of related disciplines. Covers a huge range of biodiversity documentation, conservation measures and strategies that can be applied to various sectors, from forests to agriculture Brings together expertise from researchers in the area who have direct experience in the regions described Contains a wealth of field research related to biodiversity conservation and its applications from a variety of tropical islands

Biodiplomacy

Biodiplomacy
  • Author : Vincente Sanchez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-03-01
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 0788116622
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Summary :

A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean

A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Author : Alberto Valdes,Eric Dinerstein,David M. Olson,Douglas J. Graham,Avis L. Webster,Steven A. Primm,Marnie P. Bookbinder,George Ledec
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :129
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D009013027
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Summary : "Important report on the status of conservation efforts in Latin America. This biogeographical approach delimited five major ecosystems, 11 major habitat types, and 191 ecoregions. Appendices provide extensive database on the ecoregions, and nine well-constructed maps of Latin America illustrate the bioregions, major habitats, ecoregions, mangrove, conservation status, biological distinctiveness, and conservation priorities. The foldout map of 'Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean' is a major contribution"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

Advances in Biogas Desulfurization

Advances in Biogas Desulfurization
  • Author : Martín Ramírez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-12
  • Total pages :106
  • ISBN : 9783039286607
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Summary : Global concern about climate change caused by the exploitation of fossil fuels is encouraging the use of renewable energies. For instance, the European Union aims to be climate neutral by 2050. Biogas is an interesting renewable energy source due to its high calorific value. Today, biogas is mainly used for the production of electricity and heat by a combined heat and power engine. However, before its valorization, biogas needs to be desulfurized (H2S removal) to avoid corrosion and sulfur oxides emissions during its combustion. Biogas can be upgraded (CO2 removal) and used as vehicle fuel or injected into the natural gas grid. In the last 15 years, significant advances have occurred in the development of biological desulfurization processes. In this book with five chapters, the reader can find some of the latest advances in the biogas desulfurization and an overview of the state-of-the-art research. Three of them are research studies and two are reviews concerning the current state of biogas desulfurization technologies, economic analysis of alternatives, and the microbial ecology in biofiltration units. Biogas desulfurization is considered to be essential by many stakeholders (biogas producers, suppliers of biogas upgrading devices, gas traders, researchers, etc.) all around the world.