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Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma

Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma
  • Author : Vijai G. Gupta,Monika Schmoll,Alfredo Herrera-Estrella,R. S. Upadhyay,Irina Druzhinina,Maria Tuohy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-17
  • Total pages :650
  • ISBN : 9780444595942
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Summary : Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma serves as a comprehensive reference on the chemistry and biochemistry of one of the most important microbial agents, Trichoderma, and its use in an increased number of industrial bioprocesses for the synthesis of many biochemicals such as pharmaceuticals and biofuels. This book provides individuals working in the field of Trichoderma, especially biochemical engineers, biochemists and biotechnologists, important information on how these valuable fungi can contribute to the production of a wide range of products of commercial and ecological interest. Provides a detailed and comprehensive coverage of the chemistry, biochemistry and biotechnology of Trichoderma, fungi present in soil and plants Includes most important current and potential applications of Trichoderma in bioengineering, bioprocess technology including bioenergy & biofuels, biopharmaceuticals, secondary metabolites and protein engineering Includes the most recent research advancements made on Trichoderma applications in plant biotechnology and ecology and environment

Trichoderma

Trichoderma
  • Author : Prasun K. Mukherjee,B.A. Horwitz,U.S. Singh,Mala Mukherjee,Monika Schmoll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-16
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781780642475
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Summary : Trichoderma spp. are biotechnologically significant fungi, being widely used both in agriculture and industry. These microbes are also a potential drug source of clinical importance. In recent years, driven by advances in genetics and genomics, research on these fungi have opened new avenues for its varied applications. Divided into three sections, covering taxonomy and physiology, interactions with plants and applications and significance, this book also discusses topics that have seen rapid developments in the recent years. Various aspects of Trichoderma like molecular taxonomy, sexual and asexual developments, secondary metabolism, beneficial interactions with plants, applications as cell factories and harmful interactions with humans are discussed. This book, thus, hopes to be an essential ready reference for researchers, students and people form industry as well.

Handbook of Fungal Biotechnology

Handbook of Fungal Biotechnology
  • Author : Dilip K. Arora
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-12-17
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780824758684
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Summary : The Handbook of Fungal Biotechnology offers the newest developments from the frontiers of fungal biochemical and molecular processes and industrial and semi-industrial applications of fungi. This second edition highlights the need for the integration of a number of scientific disciplines and technologies in modern fungal biotechnology and reigns as the top source on current molecular, biochemical, and medical technologies and commercial usages for fungi. Authored by 81 world-renowned scientists from both industry and academia, it addresses contemporary issues pertaining to intellectual property rights, biodiversity, and biosafety, and devotes an entire section to medical biotechnology.

Practical Handbook of the Biology and Molecular Diversity of Trichoderma Species from Tropical Regions

Practical Handbook of the Biology and Molecular Diversity of Trichoderma Species from Tropical Regions
  • Author : Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-06
  • Total pages :102
  • ISBN : 9783319649467
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Summary : This book analyzes the right pathway to solve the controversial identifications of some Trichoderma species on the basis of sampling procedures, slide culture techniques, macroscopic and microscopic analysis, and molecular tools. Most species of the genus Trichoderma grow rapidly in artificial culture and produce large numbers of small green or white conidia from conidiogenous cells located at the ends of conidiophores. The morphological characters are reported to be variable to a certain degree in their color, shape of conidia, conidiophore, pustules, and phialade. These characteristics allow a comparatively easy means of identification of Trichoderma as a genus but the species concept is difficult to deduce and there is considerable confusion over the application of specific names. This work provides an essential link between data and taxa as a means to verify the taxonomic characters of the strains sequenced, and macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. Otherwise, a species level identification study cannot be corrected or uncorrected, and the user has to rely on the person perhaps making a mis-identification.

Fungal Biotechnology in Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Applications

Fungal Biotechnology in Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Dilip K. Arora
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-12-17
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9780824758790
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Summary : Contributions from 80 world-renowned authorities representing a broad international background lend Fungal Biotechnology in Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Applicationsfirst-class information on the biotechnological potential of entomopathogenic fungi and ergot alkaloids, applications of Trichoderma in disease control, and the development of mycoherbicides. Additional topics include fungal control of nematodes, control of plant disease by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, strategies for controlling vegetable and fruit crops, molecular biology tactics with mycotoxigenic fungi and the development of biofungicides, production of edible fungi, fermented foods, and high-value products like mycoprotein.

Trichoderma And Gliocladium

Trichoderma And Gliocladium
  • Author : Gary E. Harman,C. P. Kubicek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-09-11
  • Total pages :393
  • ISBN : 9780203484456
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Summary : Fungi belonging to the genera Trichoderma and Gliocladium are soil- bourne saprophytes which have been used for industrial and agricultural applications for decades. Some strains produce enzymes and antibiotics while others are useful as biological agents for the protection of plants against pathogens. This second volume of two describes the commercial uses of Trichoderma and Gliocladium, beginning with an in depth discussion of the degradation of polysaccharides and macromolecules by fungal enzymes. The application of the fungi in biocontrol for agricultural purposes is then examined. The final section of this volume deals with protein production and the utilisation of Trichoderma enzymes by various industries.

From Ethnomycology to Fungal Biotechnology

From Ethnomycology to Fungal Biotechnology
  • Author : Jagjit Singh,K.R. Aneja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :293
  • ISBN : 9781461548157
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Summary : Fungi playa major role in the sustainability of the biosphere, and mycorrhizal fungi are essential for the growth of many of our woods and forests. The applications of fungi in agriculture, industry and biotechnology remain of paramount importance, as does their use as a source of drugs and to help clean up our environment. This volume contains key papers from the conference 'From Ethnomycology to Fungal Biotechnology: Exploiting Fungi from Natural Resources for Novel Products'. This was the first international scientific conference covering the transfer of traditional remedies and processes in ethnomycology to modern fungal biotechnology. The conference was held at Simla, Himachal Pradesh, India from 15 to 16 December 1997. The key subject areas addressed in the conference were the issues of exploring and exploiting fungal diversity for novel leads to new antibiotics, enzymes, medicines and a range of other leads for wood preservation, biological control, agricultural biotechnology and the uses of fungi in the food industry. The conference programme included key-note presentations followed by poster sessions and general discussion. The book is broadly based, covering five main areas: Ethnomycology, Fungal Biotechnology, Biological Control, Mycorrhizal Fungi and Fungal Pests. There is no doubt that in the past fungi have played a key role in ethnomycological remedies and that in the future they will continue to attract the interest of a wide range of disciplines ranging from environmental conservation, agriculture and the food industry to wood preservation and aerobiological studies.

Molecular Mechanisms of Plant and Microbe Coexistence

Molecular Mechanisms of Plant and Microbe Coexistence
  • Author : Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal,Patrice Dion
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-10
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9783540755753
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Summary : Molecular Mechanisms of Plant and Microbe Coexistence presents studies on the complex and manifold interactions of plants and microbes at the population, genomics and proteomics level. The role of soil microbial diversity in enhancing plant health and plant microbe beneficial symbioses is discussed. Microbial communities are shown in the light of evolution. Main topics include genome coexistence and the functional genomics and proteomics of plant-associated microbes, which could form the basis for new environmentally benign strategies to combat infectious plant diseases and regulate plant growth. Further chapters focus on the role of signaling during the different stages of plant microbe coexistence, in symbiotic or pathogenic relationships, in quorum sensing and plant viral infections. Methods for studying the interactions in the root zone complement the book, which will certainly be of relevance in the practical application to agriculture, food security and for maintaining the balance of our ecosystems.

Biotechnology of Fungal Genes

Biotechnology of Fungal Genes
  • Author : V. K. Gupta,M. Ayyachamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-08
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781578087877
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Summary : This volume focuses on filamentous fungi and highlights the advances of the past decade, both in methodology and in the understanding of genomic organization and regulation of gene and pathway expression. The approaches and techniques of molecular biology enable us to ask and answer fundamental questions about many aspects of fungal biology, and open the way to the directed manipulation of fungal genetics. Moreover, this book describes the development and advancement of fungal genes and the ways in which these are being exploited in species of economic importance either in biotechnology or in biochemistry.

Hypocrea/Trichoderma (Ascomycota, Hypocreales, Hypocreaceae)

Hypocrea/Trichoderma (Ascomycota, Hypocreales, Hypocreaceae)
  • Author : Priscila Chaverri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :119
  • ISBN : OCLC:612476658
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Summary : The systematics of species of Hypocrea with green ascospores and their Trichoderma anamorphs is presented. Multiple phenotypic characters were analysed, includingteleomorph and anamorph, as well as col-ony morphology and growth rates at varioustemperatures. In addition, phylogenetic analyses of two genes, the RNA polymerase II subunit (RPB2) and translation elongation factor 1-alpha (EF-1a), were performed. These analyses revealedthat species of Hypocrea with green ascosporesand Trichodermaanamorphs are derived from within Hypocrea but do not form a monophyletic group. Therefore, Creopus and Chromocrea, genera formerly segregated from Hypocrea only based on their coloured ascospores, are considered synonyms of Hy-pocrea. The present study showed that phenotypic characters alone are generally not helpful in understanding phylogenetic relationships in this group of organisms, because teleomorph characters are generally highly con-served and anamorph characters tend to be morphologically divergent within monophyletic lineages or clades. The species concept used here for Hypocrea/Trichoderma is based on a combination of phenotypic and geno-typic characteristics. In this study 40 species of Hypocrea/Trichoderma having green ascospores are described and illustrated. Dichotomous keys to the species are given. The following species are treated (names in bold are new species or new combinations): H. albocornea, H. atrogelatinosa, H. aureoviridis/T. aureoviride, H. can-dida/T. candidum, H. catoptron/T. catoptron, H. centristerilis, H. ceracea/T. ceraceum, H. ceramica/T. ce-ramicum, H. chlorospora/T. chlorosporum, H. chromosperma/T. chromospermum, H. cinnamomea/T. cin-namomeum, H. clusiae, H. cornea, H. costaricensis, H. crassa/T. crassum, H. cremea/T. cremeum, H. cu-neispora/T. cuneisporum, H. estonica/T. estonicum, H. gelatinosa/T. gelatinosum, H. gyrosa, H. lixii/T. har-zianum, H. macrospora, H. melanomagna/T. melanomagnum

Beneficial Microbes in Agro-Ecology

Beneficial Microbes in Agro-Ecology
  • Author : N. Amaresan,M. Senthil Kumar,K. Annapurna,Krishna Kumar,A. Sankaranarayanan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-14
  • Total pages :932
  • ISBN : 9780128235584
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Summary : Beneficial Microbes in Agro-Ecology: Bacteria and Fungi is a complete resource on the agriculturally important beneficial microflora used in agricultural production technologies. Included are 30 different bacterial genera relevant in the sustainability, mechanisms, and beneficial natural processes that enhance soil fertility and plant growth. The second part of the book discusses 23 fungal genera used in agriculture for the management of plant diseases and plant growth promotion. Covering a wide range of bacteria and fungi on biocontrol and plant growth promoting properties, the book will help researchers, academics and advanced students in agro-ecology, plant microbiology, pathology, entomology, and nematology. Presents a comprehensive collection of agriculturally important bacteria and fungi Provides foundational knowledge of each core organism utilized in agro-ecology Identifies the genera of agriculturally important microorganisms

Gene Expression Systems in Fungi: Advancements and Applications

Gene Expression Systems in Fungi: Advancements and Applications
  • Author : Monika Schmoll,Christoph Dattenböck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-04
  • Total pages :499
  • ISBN : 9783319279510
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Summary : Biotechnology has emerged as one of the key environmentally safe technologies for the future which enables use of biomass to develop novel smart materials and to replace oil derived products. Fungi are the most efficient producers of the enzymes needed for this purpose and in addition they produce a plethora of secondary metabolites, among which novel antibiotics can be found. Industrial application and exploitation of the metabolic capacities of fungi requires highly productive and robust gene expression systems, which can be achieved by selection of appropriate species and strain improvement. In this book we aim to summarize homologous and heterologous gene expression systems of fungi for production of enzymes and secondary metabolites. A broad overview on requirements, challenges and successful applications shall serve as a basis for further development of fungi as biotechnological workhorses in research and industry.

Trichoderma And Gliocladium. Volume 1

Trichoderma And Gliocladium. Volume 1
  • Author : Gary E. Harman,C. P. Kubicek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-21
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9781482295320
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Summary : This volume gives an account of the morphology and taxonomy of "Trichoderma" and "Gliocladium", before disscusing their ecology and basic biology.

Biotechnology of Filamentous Fungi

Biotechnology of Filamentous Fungi
  • Author : David B. Finkelstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9781483292212
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Summary : Biotechnology of Filamentous Fungi: Technology and Products provides a comprehensive discussion of the molecular biology, genetics, and biochemistry of filamentous fungi. It also deals with general principles of biochemical engineering such as process design and scaleup. The book's main emphasis, however, is on the commercial significance of filamentous fungi. The book highlights the unique aspects of filamentous fungi along with those aspects common to most microorganisms studied in industries that use biotechnology. Filamentous fungi can generate a wide range of industrial products including primary metabolites such as organic acids, secondary metabolites such as ß-lactam antibiotics, nonantibiotic drugs, and enzymes for use in food production. Whole organisms such as mushrooms can be used as well as organisms used as insecticides and herbicides. Filamentous fungi also qualify as potential hosts for the secretion of certain heterogeneous proteins such as mammalian proteins. However, not all things related to fungi are beneficial. Mycotoxins products by fungi can be lethal to humans; there is also a need to develop antifungal agents to destroy fungi that can kill animals and plants. These topics are important aspects of the biotechnology of filamentous fungi and are dealt with in this text.

Recent Advancement in White Biotechnology Through Fungi

Recent Advancement in White Biotechnology Through Fungi
  • Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Sangram Singh,Shashank Mishra,Arti Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-24
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9783030148461
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Summary : White biotechnology is industrial biotechnology dealing with various biotech products through applications of microbes. The main application of white biotechnology is commercial production of various useful organic substances, such as acetic acid, citric acid, acetone, glycerine, etc., and antibiotics like penicillin, streptomycin, mitomycin, etc., and value added product through the use of microorganisms especially fungi and bacteria. The value-added products included bioactive compounds, secondary metabolites, pigments and industrially important enzymes for potential applications in agriculture, pharmaceuticals, medicine and allied sectors for human welfare. In the 21st century, techniques were developed to harness fungi to protect human health (through antibiotics, antimicrobial, immunosuppressive agents, value-added products etc.), which led to industrial scale production of enzymes, alkaloids, detergents, acids, biosurfactants. The first large-scale industrial applications of modern biotechnology have been made in the areas of food and animal feed production (agricultural/green biotechnology) and pharmaceuticals (medical/red biotechnology). In contrast, the production of bio-active compounds through fermentation or enzymatic conversion is known industrial or white biotechnology. The beneficial fungal strains may play important role in agriculture, industry and the medical sectors. The beneficial fungi play a significance role in plant growth promotion, and soil fertility using both, direct (solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; production of indole acetic acid, gibberellic acid, cytokinin and siderophores) and indirect (production of hydrolytic enzymes, siderophores, ammonia, hydrogen cyanides and antibiotics) mechanisms of plant growth promotion for sustainable agriculture. The fungal strains and their products (enzymes, bio-active compounds and secondary metabolites) are very useful for industry. The discovery of antibiotics is a milestone in the development of white biotechnology. Since then, white biotechnology has steadily developed and now plays a key role in several industrial sectors, providing both high valued nutraceuticals and pharmaceutical products. The fungal strains and bio-active compounds also play important role in the environmental cleaning. This volume covers the latest research developments related to value-added products in white biotechnology through fungi.

Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass

Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass
  • Author : Christian P. Kubicek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-25
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9780470960097
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Summary : Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass offers a comprehensive review of the use of fungi in efficient and cost-effective conversion of cellulosic biomass into fuel. Complete, up-to-date coverage ranges from the biochemical basis of cellulose degradation by fungi to the application of key fungal enzymes in the biofuel industry. The enzymology of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin degradation are all examined. Written by a leading researcher in the field, this book is a valuable tool for researchers, engineers, and industry professionals interested in advancing the development and production of bi.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
  • Author : Ram Prasad,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Narendra Tuteja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-20
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780444639882
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Summary : Crop Improvement through Microbial Biotechnology explains how certain techniques can be used to manipulate plant growth and development, focusing on the cross-kingdom transfer of genes to incorporate novel phenotypes in plants, including the utilization of microbes at every step, from cloning and characterization, to the production of a genetically engineered plant. This book covers microbial biotechnology in sustainable agriculture, aiming to improve crop productivity under stress conditions. It includes sections on genes encoding avirulence factors of bacteria and fungi, viral coat proteins of plant viruses, chitinase from fungi, virulence factors from nematodes and mycoplasma, insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis, and herbicide tolerance enzymes from bacteria. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in crop improvement Lists various new developments in enhancing plant productivity and efficiency Explains the mechanisms of plant/microbial interactions and the beneficial use of these interactions in crop improvement Explores various bacteria classes and their beneficial effects in plant growth and efficiency

Plant Biotechnology: Recent Advancements and Developments

Plant Biotechnology: Recent Advancements and Developments
  • Author : Suresh Kumar Gahlawat,Raj Kumar Salar,Priyanka Siwach,Joginder Singh Duhan,Suresh Kumar,Pawan Kaur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-31
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9789811047329
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Summary : This book presents an overview of the latest advances and developments in plant biotechnology. The respective chapters explore emerging areas of plant biotechnology such as RNAi technology, fermentation technology, genetic engineering, nanoparticles and their applications, climate resilient crops, bio-films, bio-plastic, bio-remediation, flavonoids, antioxidants etc. All chapters were written by respected experts and address the latest developments in plant biotechnology that are of industrial importance, especially with regard to crop yields and post-harvest strategies. As such, the book offers a valuable guide for students, educators and researchers in all disciplines of the life sciences, agricultural sciences, medicine, and biotechnology at universities, research institutions and biotechnology companies.

Biological Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes:

Biological Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes:
  • Author : Keith Davies,Yitzhak Spiegel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-27
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 1402096488
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Summary : The offered volume intends to review the biological control theme of phytonematodes from several prospects: ecological; applicative as well as commercial state of the art; understanding the mode-of-action of various biocontrol systems; interaction between the plant host, nematodes’ surface and microorganism’s; candidates for biocontrol; extrapolation of the wide knowledge existed in another systems for understanding biocontrol processes: C. elegans as a model and lessons from other natural systems; and exploiting advanced genomic tools to promote understanding biocontrol processes and thereafter improve specific biological control agents.

Biocontrol Agents and Secondary Metabolites

Biocontrol Agents and Secondary Metabolites
  • Author : Sudisha Jogaiah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-01
  • Total pages :726
  • ISBN : 9780128230947
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Summary : Biocontrol and Secondary Metabolites: Applications and Immunization for Plant Growth and Protection covers established and updated research on emerging trends in plant defense signaling in, and during, stress phases. Other topics cover growth at interface as a sustainable way of life and the context of human welfare and conservation of fungi as a group of organisms. Further, the book explores induced systemic resistance using biocontrol agents and/or secondary metabolites as a milestone for sustainable agricultural production, thus providing opportunities for the minimization or elimination of the use of fungicides. Presents an overview on mechanisms by which plants protect themselves against herbivory and pathogenic microbes Identifies the use of immunization as a popular and effective alternative to chemical pesticides Explores how these fungi help crop plants in better uptake of soil nutrients, increase soil fertility, produce growth promoting substances, and secrete metabolites that act as bio-pesticides

Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi

Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi
  • Author : R. Russell M. Paterson,Nelson Lima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-24
  • Total pages :638
  • ISBN : 9781466559882
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Summary : A part of the Food Microbiology Series, Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi reveals similarities between fungi present in/on food and water and those that cause human fungal diseases. The book covers food borne mycotoxigenic fungi in depth and examines food borne fungi from the standpoint of mycoses (i.e. funga