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Biotechnology and Plant Breeding

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding
  • Author : Aluízio Borém,Roberto Fritsche-Neto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-21
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780124172920
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Summary : Biotechnology and Plant Breeding includes critical discussions of the newest and most important applications of biotechnology in plant breeding, covering key topics such as biometry applied to molecular analysis of genetic diversity, genetically modified plants, and more. This work goes beyond recombinant DNA technology to bring together key information and references on new biotech tools for cultivar development, such as double-haploids, molecular markers, and genome-wide selection, among others. It is increasingly challenging for plant breeders and agricultural systems to supply enough food, feed, fiber and biofuel for the global population. As plant breeding evolves and becomes increasingly sophisticated, a staggering volume of genetic data is now generated. Biotechnology and Plant Breeding helps researchers and students become familiar with how the vast amounts of genetic data are generated, stored, analyzed and applied. This practical resource integrates information about plant breeding into the context of modern science, and assists with training for plant breeders including those scientists who have a good understanding of molecular biology/biotechnology and need to learn the art and practice of plant breeding. Plant biologists, breeding technicians, agronomists, seed technologists, students, and any researcher interested in biotechnologies applied to plant breeding will find this work an essential tool and reference for the field. Presents in-depth but easy-to-understand coverage of topics, so plant breeders can readily comprehend them and apply them to their breeding programs Includes chapters that address the already developed and optimized biotechnologies for cultivar development, with real-world application for users Features contributions by authors with several years of experience in their areas of expertise

Physiology and Biotechnology Integration for Plant Breeding

Physiology and Biotechnology Integration for Plant Breeding
  • Author : Henry T. Nguyen,Abraham Blum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-14
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9780824750893
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Summary : Global demand for wheat, rice, corn, and other essential grains is expected to steadily rise over the next twenty years. Meeting this demand by increasing production through increased land use is not very likely; and while better crop management may make a marginal difference, most agriculture experts agree that this anticipated deficit must be made up through increased crop yields. The first resource of its kind, Physiology and Biotechnology Integration for Plant Breeding assembles current research in crop plant physiology, plant biotechnology, and plant breeding that is aimed toward improving crop plants genetically while supporting a productive agriculture ecosystem. Highly comprehensive, this reference provides access to the most innovative perspectives in crop physiology – with a special emphasis on molecular approaches – aimed at the formulation of those crop cultivars that offer the greatest potential to increase crop yields in stress environments. Surveys the current state of the field, as well as modern options and avenues for plant breeders and biotechnologists interested in augmenting crop yield and stability With the contributions of plant scientists from all corners of the globe who are actively involved in meeting this important challenge, Physiology and Biotechnology Integration for Plant Breeding provides readers with the background information needed to understand this cutting-edge work, as well as detailed information on present and potential applications. While the first half of the book establishes and fully explains the link between crop physiology and molecular biology, the second part explores the application of biotechnology in the effective delivery of the high yield and environmentally stable crop plants needed to avert the very real possibility of worldwide hunger.

Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

Plant Breeding and Biotechnology
  • Author : Denis Murphy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-30
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 0521823897
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Summary : This comprehensive 2007 survey of modern plant breeding traces its history from the earliest experiments at the dawn of the scientific revolution in the seventeenth century to the present day and the existence of high tech agribusiness. Murphy tells the story from the perspective of a scientist working in this field, offering a rationale and evidence-based insight into its development. Crop improvement is examined from both a scientific and socio-economic perspective and the ways in which these factors interact and impact on agricultural development are discussed, including debates on genetically-modified food. Murphy highlights concerns over the future of plant breeding, as well as potential options to enable us to meet the challenges of feeding the world in the 21st century. This thoroughly interdisciplinary and balanced account serves as an essential resource for everyone involved with plant breeding research, policy and funding, as well as those wishing to engage with current debates.

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics
  • Author : C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-13
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781118589489
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Summary : Designed to inform and inspire the next generation of plant biotechnologists Plant Biotechnology and Genetics explores contemporary techniques and applications of plant biotechnology, illustrating the tremendous potential this technology has to change our world by improving the food supply. As an introductory text, its focus is on basic science and processes. It guides students from plant biology and genetics to breeding to principles and applications of plant biotechnology. Next, the text examines the critical issues of patents and intellectual property and then tackles the many controversies and consumer concerns over transgenic plants. The final chapter of the book provides an expert forecast of the future of plant biotechnology. Each chapter has been written by one or more leading practitioners in the field and then carefully edited to ensure thoroughness and consistency. The chapters are organized so that each one progressively builds upon the previous chapters. Questions set forth in each chapter help students deepen their understanding and facilitate classroom discussions. Inspirational autobiographical essays, written by pioneers and eminent scientists in the field today, are interspersed throughout the text. Authors explain how they became involved in the field and offer a personal perspective on their contributions and the future of the field. The text's accompanying CD-ROM offers full-color figures that can be used in classroom presentations with other teaching aids available online. This text is recommended for junior- and senior-level courses in plant biotechnology or plant genetics and for courses devoted to special topics at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an ideal reference for practitioners.

Biotechnology Provides New Tools for Plant Breeding

Biotechnology Provides New Tools for Plant Breeding
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781601072214
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Summary :

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies: Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools
  • Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-02
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9783319225210
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Summary : The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is Volume 1 which consists of 21 chapters covering domestication and germplasm utilization, conventional breeding techniques and the role of biotechnology. In addition to various biotechnological applications in plant breeding, it includes functional genomics, mutations and methods of detection, and molecular markers. In vitro techniques and their applications in plant breeding are discussed with an emphasis on embryo rescue, somatic cell hybridization and somaclonal variation. Other chapters cover haploid breeding, transgenics, cryogenics and bioinformatics.

Villages in the Future

Villages in the Future
  • Author : Detlef Virchow,Joachim von Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-02
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 9783642565755
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Summary : Life in rural communities is bound to change with historically unprecedented speed in the coming decades. How will this change be guided by local, national and global policies in order to enhance the livelihoods of rural inhabitants and to overcome the growing division of rural and urban areas? The contributions in this publication, ranging from scientific papers to short reports from practitioners, are grouped around 4 major themes: political and institutional frameworks to foster rural development; natural resources management; broadening the technological base of rural economies; and improved linkages between urban and rural areas. The overall message is unanimous: there is a promising future for the rural areas worldwide if adequate policies can be enforced and more efficient and fair institutions can be created.

Plant Mutation Breeding and Biotechnology

Plant Mutation Breeding and Biotechnology
  • Author : Q. Y. Shu,Brian P. Forster,H. Nakagawa,Hitoshi Nakagawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9781780640853
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Summary : Abstract: This book presents contemporary information on mutagenesis in plants and its applications in plant breeding and research. The topics are classified into sections focusing on the concepts, historical development and genetic basis of plant mutation breeding (chapters 1-6); mutagens and induced mutagenesis (chapters 7-13); mutation induction and mutant development (chapters 14-23); mutation breeding (chapters 24-34); or mutations in functional genomics (chapters 35-41). This book is an essential reference for those who are conducting research on mutagenesis as an approach to improving or modifying a trait, or achieving basic understanding of a pathway for a trait --.

Plants, Genes, and Crop Biotechnology

Plants, Genes, and Crop Biotechnology
  • Author : Maarten J. Chrispeels,David E. Sadava
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :562
  • ISBN : 0763715867
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Summary : This book integrates many fields to help students understand the complexity of the basic science that underlies crop and food production.

Modern Biotechnology in Plant Breeding

Modern Biotechnology in Plant Breeding
  • Author : Dharamvir Hota
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 8189729187
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Summary : Recent Progress In Explaining The Science Behind Biological Processes Has Significantly Enhanced Our Ability To Exploit Them For The Benefit Of Mankind And The Environment. The Evolution Of Plant Breeding Is A Classic Example Of How Improved Biological Understanding Has Been Adapted To Provide More Effective Methods Of Meeting The Demands Of A Changing World. Modern Biotechnology Is The Latest Stage In The Development Of Plant Breeding Technology. The Tools Of The Biotechnologist Increased The Speed And Precision Of Plant Breeding Techniques And Widened The Choice Of Characters For Selection. Modern Biotechnology Allows Crop Improvement To Take Place At The Level Of Individual Genes. This Book Provides An Overview Of The Application Of Modern Biotechnology In Plant Breeding. It Will Certainly Meets With Interests And Needs Of Up To Date Information Of Plant Breeders, May They Be Advanced Students, Practitioners, Teachers Or Researchers. Contents Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Fundamentals Of Plant Breeding; Chapter 3: Genetic Engineering Of Plants; Chapter 4: Dna Analysis In Plant Breeding; Chapter 5: Characteristics Of Transgenic Plants; Chapter 6: Biotechnology For Plant Micropropagation; Chapter 7: Biotechnology For Improve Orphan Crops; Chapter 8: Improving Stress Tolerance In Plants; Chapter 9: Plant Tissue Culture And Regeneration; Chapter 10: Organic Plant Breeding; Chapter 11: Application Of Rice Genomics To Plant Breeding; Chapter 12: Participatory Plant Breeding; Chapter 13: Conservation Of Plant Genetic Resources.

Pollen Biotechnology for Crop Production and Improvement

Pollen Biotechnology for Crop Production and Improvement
  • Author : K. R. Shivanna,V. K. Sawhney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-15
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 0521019753
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Summary : Here, for the first time in a single volume, are all the ideas and techniques developed in the last two decades concerning the manipulation of pollen and pollen tubes in plant breeding and biotechnology.

MCQs in Plant Breeding Biotechnology and Seed Science

MCQs in Plant Breeding Biotechnology and Seed Science
  • Author : K. Vanangamudi,R. Vinoth,S. Elayabalan,K. Raja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-01
  • Total pages :317
  • ISBN : 9789388449311
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Summary : The book on “MCQ’s in Plant Breeding, Biotechnology and Seed Science” has been prepared with the idea of exposing the students those who are preparing for the competitive examinations like Agricultural Research Services, NET, Public Service Commissions, Institute of Banking Personnel Selection, University and Institute admissions etc. It has three major parts viz., Plant Breeding, Biotechnology and Seed Science. The book has 80 chapters consisting more than 3000 multiple choice questions with answers. Genetics, breeding methods, resistance breeding, mutation breeding and polyploidy breeding in Plant Breeding; cell biology, molecular biology, tissue culture, animal biotechnology and bioinformatics in Biotechnology; and seed formation, biology, production, post harvest processing, storage, health, marketing and legislation in Seed Science are some of the important chapters covered in the book. The book is prepared with latest informations and therefore, it will be highly useful to the teachers, scientists and students for updating their knowledge.

History of Plant Breeding

History of Plant Breeding
  • Author : Rolf H. J. Schlegel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-15
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781351588966
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Summary : While there has been great progress in the development of plant breeding over the last decade, the selection of suitable plants for human consumption began over 13,000 years ago. Since the Neolithic era, the cultivation of plants has progressed in Asia Minor, Asia, Europe, and ancient America, each specific to the locally wild plants as well as the ecological and social conditions. A handy reference for knowing our past, understanding the present, and creating the future, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of the development of crop improvement methods over the centuries. It features an extensive historical treatment of development, including influential individuals in the field, plant cultivation in various regions, techniques used in the Old World, and cropping in ancient America. The advances of scientific plant breeding in the twentieth century is extensively explored, including efficient selection methods, hybrid breeding, induced polyploidy, mutation research, biotechnology, and genetic manipulation. Finally, this book presents information on approaches to the sustainability of breeding and to cope with climatic changes as well as the growing world population.

Molecular Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding

Molecular Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding
  • Author : Søren K. Rasmussen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-27
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9783039288779
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Summary : This Special Issue on molecular genetics, genomics, and biotechnology in crop plant breeding seeks to encourage the use of the tools currently available. It features nine research papers that address quality traits, grain yield, and mutations by exploring cytoplasmic male sterility, the delicate control of flowering in rice, the removal of anti-nutritional factors, the use and development of new technologies for non-model species marker technology, site-directed mutagenesis and GMO regulation, genomics selection and genome-wide association studies, how to cope with abiotic stress, and an exploration of fruit trees adapted to harsh environments for breeding purposes. A further four papers review the genetics of pre-harvest spouting, readiness for climate-smart crop development, genomic selection in the breeding of cereal crops, and the large numbers of mutants in straw lignin biosynthesis and deposition.

Biotechnology in Plant Science

Biotechnology in Plant Science
  • Author : Milton Zaitlin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780323153126
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Summary : Biotechnology in Plant Science: Relevance to Agriculture in the Eighties reflects the exchange of ideas among the participants in a symposium held at Cornell University in 1985. This reference highlights advances in and applications of biotechnology. Applications include plant breeding and agricultural business. This book is comprised of research articles emphasizing available technologies including tissue culture and plant transformation. Papers included in this reference also cover topics on genes for transformation and plant molecular biology and agrichemicals. As this reference focuses more on tissue culture, it specifically explains plant regeneration and genetic events. The book discusses the roles of various institutions and sectors in advancing biotechnology and related fields. It also provides two panel discussions on the implications of the technological advances in conjunction with the issues about these innovations. Researchers, lecturers, and students in biotechnology and agriculture will find this anthology an excellent reference for further studies and research in biotechnology and its applications to agriculture.

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND PLANT BREEDING, WHEAT Consultant Final Report IICA/EMBRAPA-PROCENSULII

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND PLANT BREEDING, WHEAT Consultant Final Report IICA/EMBRAPA-PROCENSULII
  • Author : E. Piccard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :9
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary : Recall of duties and responsibilities; Review of the haploid programme at CNPT and recommendations; Special research conducted by the group; Techniques and main recommendations; Meetings with the breeders; The meeting between all the breeders on the DH technology; Active germplasm bank.

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology
  • Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Natalija Burbulis,Corrado Fogher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9781908818478
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Summary : With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Advanced Methods in Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

Advanced Methods in Plant Breeding and Biotechnology
  • Author : David Ronald Murray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :365
  • ISBN : UOM:39015025290597
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Summary : Breeding plants for the twenty-first century; Chromosomal organization and gene mapping; Gene transfer to plants using Agrobacterium; Electroporation for direct gene transfer into plant protoplasts; Microprojectile techniques for direct gene transfer into intact plant cells; Localization of transferred genes in genetically modifically modified plants; Somatic embryogenesis: potential for use in propagation and gene transfer systems; Chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes: manipulation through somatic hybridization; Modification of the chloroplast genome with particular reference to herbicide resistance; Breeding for resistance to insects; Resistance to fungal diseases; Advances in breeding for resistance to bacterial pathogens; Genetic engineering for resistance to viruses; Breeding for resistance to physiological stresses.

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding
  • Author : George Acquaah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-28
  • Total pages :848
  • ISBN : 9781119626695
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Summary : The revised edition of the bestselling textbook, covering both classical and molecular plant breeding Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding integrates theory and practice to provide an insightful examination of the fundamental principles and advanced techniques of modern plant breeding. Combining both classical and molecular tools, this comprehensive textbook describes the multidisciplinary strategies used to produce new varieties of crops and plants, particularly in response to the increasing demands to of growing populations. Illustrated chapters cover a wide range of topics, including plant reproductive systems, germplasm for breeding, molecular breeding, the common objectives of plant breeders, marketing and societal issues, and more. Now in its third edition, this essential textbook contains extensively revised content that reflects recent advances and current practices. Substantial updates have been made to its molecular genetics and breeding sections, including discussions of new breeding techniques such as zinc finger nuclease, oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis, RNA-dependent DNA methylation, reverse breeding, genome editing, and others. A new table enables efficient comparison of an expanded list of molecular markers, including Allozyme, RFLPs, RAPD, SSR, ISSR, DAMD, AFLP, SNPs and ESTs. Also, new and updated “Industry Highlights” sections provide examples of the practical application of plant breeding methods to real-world problems. This new edition: Organizes topics to reflect the stages of an actual breeding project Incorporates the most recent technologies in the field, such as CRSPR genome edition and grafting on GM stock Includes numerous illustrations and end-of-chapter self-assessment questions, key references, suggested readings, and links to relevant websites Features a companion website containing additional artwork and instructor resources Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding offers researchers and professionals an invaluable resource and remains the ideal textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduates in plant science, particularly those studying plant breeding, biotechnology, and genetics.

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology
  • Author : Agnès Ricroch,Surinder Chopra,Shelby J. Fleischer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-11
  • Total pages :291
  • ISBN : 9783319068923
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Summary : Written in easy to follow language, the book presents cutting-edge agriculturally relevant plant biotechnologies and applications in a manner that is accessible to all. This book introduces the scope and method of plant biotechnologies and molecular breeding within the context of environmental analysis and assessment, a diminishing supply of productive arable land, scarce water resources and climate change. Authors who have studied how agro ecosystems have changed during the first decade and a half of commercial deployment review effects and stress needs that must be considered to make these tools sustainable.

Plant Genetics and Molecular Biology

Plant Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Author : Rajeev K. Varshney,Manish K. Pandey,Annapurna Chitikineni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-04
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9783319913131
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Summary : This book reviews the latest advances in multiple fields of plant biotechnology and the opportunities that plant genetics, genomics and molecular biology have offered for agriculture improvement. Advanced technologies can dramatically enhance our capacity in understanding the molecular basis of traits and utilizing the available resources for accelerated development of high yielding, nutritious, input-use efficient and climate-smart crop varieties. In this book, readers will discover the significant advances in plant genetics, structural and functional genomics, trait and gene discovery, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenomics, nanotechnology and analytical & decision support tools in breeding. This book appeals to researchers, academics and other stakeholders of global agriculture.