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Breathborne Biomarkers and the Human Volatilome

Breathborne Biomarkers and the Human Volatilome
  • Author : Jonathan Beauchamp,Cristina Davis,Joachim Pleil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-06
  • Total pages :722
  • ISBN : 9780128223970
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Summary : Breathborne biomarkers carry information on the state of human health, and their role in aiding clinical diagnosis or in therapeutic monitoring has become increasingly important as advances in the field are made. Breathborne Biomarkers and the Human Volatilome, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive update and reworking of the 2013 book Volatile Biomarkers, by Anton Amann and David Smith. The new editing team has expanded this edition beyond volatile organic compounds to cover the broad field of breath analysis, including the many exciting developments that have occurred since the first edition was published. This thoroughly revised volume includes the latest discoveries and applications in breath research from the world's foremost scientists, and offers insights into related future developments. It is an ideal resource for researchers, scientists, and clinicians with an interest in breath analysis. Presents recent advances in the field of breath analysis Includes an extensive overview of established biomarkers, detection tools, disease targets, specific applications, data analytics, and study design Offers a broad treatise of each topic, from basic concepts to a comprehensive review of discoveries, current consensus of understanding, and prospective future developments Acts as both a primer for beginners and a reference for seasoned researchers

Volatile Biomarkers

Volatile Biomarkers
  • Author : Anton Amann,David Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-27
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780444626202
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Summary : Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath, sweat or urine carry much information on the state of human health. The role of VOCs in clinical diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring is expected to become increasingly significant due to recent advances in the field. Volatile Biomarkers: Non-Invasive Diagnosis in Physiology and Medicine includes the latest discoveries and applications for VOCs from the world's foremost scientists and clinicians working in this emerging analytic area. Appeals to a multidisciplinary audience, including scientists, researchers, and clinicians with an interest in breath analysis Features the latest scientific research and technical breakthroughs in the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of volatile organic compounds Includes case presentations documenting applications in multiple areas of human health and safety

Biomarker Validation

Biomarker Validation
  • Author : Harald Seitz,Sarah Schumacher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-23
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9783527680672
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Summary : Built on a decade of experience with novel molecular diagnostics, this practice-oriented guide shows how to cope with validation issues during all stages of biomarker development, from the first clinical studies to the eventual commercialization of a new diagnostic test.

Exhaled Biomarkers

Exhaled Biomarkers
  • Author : I. Horvath,J.C. de Jongste
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-01
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781849840057
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Summary : Exhaled air contains numerous substances, often in extremely low concentrations. The development of sensitive detection techniques has made it possible to examine the composition of exhaled air in relation to a variety of airway diseases and other disorders. In this book, an overview of current cutting-edge breath analysis techniques and their clinical applications is provided for the clinician. The various contributions give a fascinating perspective of a future where new, highly sensitive methodologies will enable clinicians to diagnose and monitor a wide variety of diseases merely by taking.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook
  • Author : Swapan Basu,Ajay Kumar Debnath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-10
  • Total pages :942
  • ISBN : 9780128011737
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Summary : The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument. Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India

Biermann's Handbook of Pulp and Paper

Biermann's Handbook of Pulp and Paper
  • Author : Pratima Bajpai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-17
  • Total pages :668
  • ISBN : 9780128142417
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Summary : Biermann's Handbook of Pulp and Paper: Raw Material and Pulp Making, Third Edition is a comprehensive reference for industry and academia covering the entire gamut of pulping technology. This book provides a thorough introduction to the entire technology of pulp manufacture; features chapters covering all aspects of pulping from wood handling at the mill site through pulping and bleaching and pulp drying. It also includes a discussion on bleaching chemicals, recovery of pulping spent liquors and regeneration of chemicals used and the manufacture of side products. The secondary fiber recovery and utilization and current advances like organosolv pulping and attempts to close the cycle in bleaching plants are also included. Hundreds of illustrations, charts, and tables help the reader grasp the concepts being presented. This book will provide professionals in the field with the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on the state-of- the-art techniques and aspects involved in pulp making. It has been updated, revised and extended. Alongside the traditional aspects of pulping and papermaking processes, this book also focuses on biotechnological methods, which is the distinguishing feature of this book. It includes wood-based products and chemicals, production of dissolving pulp, hexenuronic acid removal, alternative chemical recovery processes, forest products biorefinery. The most significant changes in the areas of raw material preparation and handling, pulping and recycled fiber have been included. A total of 11 new chapters have been added. This handbook is essential reading for all chemists and engineers in the paper and pulp industry. Provides comprehensive coverage on all aspects of pulp making Covers the latest science and technology in pulp making Includes traditional and biotechnological methods, a unique feature of this book Presents the environmental impact of pulp and papermaking industries Sets itself apart as a valuable reference that every pulp and papermaker/engineer/chemist will find extremely useful

Self-assessment Q&A in Clinical Laboratory Science, III

Self-assessment Q&A in Clinical Laboratory Science, III
  • Author : Alan H.B. Wu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-29
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9780128220948
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Summary : Self-assessment Q&A in Clinical Laboratory Science, III, adds a variety of subject matter that addresses new concepts and emerging technology, particularly in the areas of kidney biomarkers, cancer biomarkers, molecular diagnostics, multiple myeloma, pharmacogenomics, novel cardiovascular biomarkers and biomarkers of neurologic diseases. The field of Clinical Laboratory Science continues to evolve and editor Alan Wu has once again brought together experts in the field to cover the contemporary topics that are being tested today. This updated bank of questions and answers is a must-have to sharpen knowledge and skills. Contains nearly 800 multiple choice questions with correct answer explanations Assists readers in determining knowledge gaps so they can better study for certification examinations and remain current in this rapidly changing field Provides a format that is conducive to quick learning in digestible segments Includes beneficial citations for additional study

Open-Source Lab

Open-Source Lab
  • Author : Joshua M. Pearce
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-04
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9780124104860
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Summary : Open-Source Lab: How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Scientific Research Costs details the development of the free and open-source hardware revolution. The combination of open-source 3D printing and microcontrollers running on free software enables scientists, engineers, and lab personnel in every discipline to develop powerful research tools at unprecedented low costs. After reading Open-Source Lab, you will be able to: Lower equipment costs by making your own hardware Build open-source hardware for scientific research Actively participate in a community in which scientific results are more easily replicated and cited Numerous examples of technologies and the open-source user and developer communities that support them Instructions on how to take advantage of digital design sharing Explanations of Arduinos and RepRaps for scientific use A detailed guide to open-source hardware licenses and basic principles of intellectual property

Breath Analysis for Clinical Diagnosis and Therapeutic Monitoring

Breath Analysis for Clinical Diagnosis and Therapeutic Monitoring
  • Author : Anton Amann,David Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-09
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 9789814480611
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Summary : This book describes how the analysis of the trace gases in exhaled breath can be used for non-invasive clinical diagnosis of disease and for monitoring the effectiveness of therapy. This approach offers an important addition to the diagnostic techniques available to medicine, having the advantage that on-line breath analysis can provide information to the clinician immediately and thus facilitate rapid diagnosis and treatment. The book is a compilation of contributions to a conference held in Dornbirn, Austria, 23–26 September 2004 on various aspects of this new topic. Written by the foremost workers in the field, it will provide clinicians and others in the medical fraternity with an up-to-date summary of the status of the subject. The wide scope of the chapters ranges from descriptions of the analytical methods that are available, through the use of breath analysis in the study of physiological phenomena, to the identification of biomarkers of particular injury and disease. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Biomedical, Biological & Agricultural Sciences Contents:New Analytical TechniquesNitric Oxide, Carbon Monoxide, and EthaneBroadly-Based StudiesFocused StudiesUse of IsotopesAnimal Studies Readership: Graduate students in medicine, physiology and biology, researchers in non-invasive medical diagnostics, and clinicians and surgeons, including intensive care specialists. Keywords:Breath Gas Analysis;Medical Diagnostics;Mass Spectrometry;SIFT-MS;PTR-MS;GC-MS;SPME;Ion Mobility Spectroscopy;Laser IR Spectroscopy;Gas Chromatography;Cancer ScreeningKey Features:First authoritative summary of the available analytical methods for breath analysisIdentification of the known breath biomarkers for particular diseases, including cancer and respiratory diseaseInteresting case studies of physiological phenomena

Breath Analysis

Breath Analysis
  • Author : Giorgio Pennazza,Marco Santonico
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-29
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780128145630
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Summary : Breath Analysis presents state-of-the-art research in this specialized field, also offering guidance on how best to design the technology and conduct analysis. The book primarily focuses on the diagnosis of lung cancer, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases. The reliability, consistency and utility of the results from breath analysis depends on exhaled breath sampling procedures and tools, gas sensor array technology (sensing material and transducer), and finally, medical pertinence and interpretation. The book gives step-by-step procedures and discusses best practice solutions for problems in sample collection, sensor technology, clinical assessment, medical interpretation and data analysis. The book's primary audience would include biomedical engineers and medical doctors, but it is also useful for hospital technicians, hospital and biomedical SME leading figures, and those in PhD level Engineering and Medicine. Presents an overview of existing breath analysis technology, along with their pros and cons Provides a tool for mapping, bridging and translating different approaches and available devices Covers best practices and procedures for exhaled breath collection

Managing Health in the Genomic Era

Managing Health in the Genomic Era
  • Author : Vincent Henrich,Lori A. Orlando,Brian H. Shirts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-27
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9780128160169
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Summary : In Managing Health in the Genomic Era: A Guide to Family Health History and Disease Risk, Drs. Vincent C. Henrich, Lori A. Orlando, and Brian H. Shirts discuss the practical considerations surrounding the use of genomic and genetic tests to manage patient health, to provide adult disease risk assessment, to improve diagnosis, and to support effective interventions and treatment. In 10 chapters, evidence-based information and case studies are described and examine the central place of family health history (FHH) in genomic medicine, tools and strategies for compiling and analyzing family health history, how to identify existing and novel genetic markers, how to identify lineage specific (or rare) variants within families, and how to find effective interventions based on genetic testing results and FHH. Factors that influence clinical practice, including gene-environment interactions, FHH social networking, direct to consumer (DTC) genetic testing and data sharing, algorithms for analyzing genetic data, and patient counseling are discussed from the standpoint of clinical practice. Here, frontline healthcare providers will discover succinct commentary and key examples to assist with their local needs. Relevant principles of genetic biology and inheritance are explored and guidance on available support networks and online resources is also provided Presents a practical, accessible resource for primary care providers, allied health professionals, pharmacologists, public health professionals, students and clinical researchers Addresses genetic and genomic approaches in managing patient health, conducting and analyzing family health histories, and assessing adult disease risk Features an expert author team with direct experience integrating genetics and genomics in primary care and family medicine settings Examines the attributes and limitations of family health history, genetic testing, and genomic testing in clinical practice Includes detailed explanations following practice-based examples

Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM

Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM
  • Author : Shmuel Yannai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-24
  • Total pages :1784
  • ISBN : 1420068458
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Summary : The Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, Flavors, and Ingredients provides comprehensive information on 30,000 compounds found in food, including: NATURAL FOOD CONSTITUENTS Lipids Proteins Carbohydrates Fatty acids Flavonoids Alkaloids FOOD ADDITIVES Colorants Preservatives Antioxidants Fl

Biosensing Technologies for the Detection of Pathogens

Biosensing Technologies for the Detection of Pathogens
  • Author : Toonika Rinken,Kairi Kivirand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-21
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9789535139157
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Summary : Rapid multiplex detection of pathogens in the environment and in our food is a key factor for the prevention and effective treatment of infectious diseases. Biosensing technologies combining the high selectivity of biomolecular recognition and the sensitivity of modern signal detection platforms are a prospective option for automated analyses. They allow rapid detection of single molecules as well as cellular substances. This book, including 12 chapters from 50 authors, introduces the principles of identification of specific pathogen biomarkers along with different biosensor-based technologies applied for pathogen detection.

Cooperative and Graph Signal Processing

Cooperative and Graph Signal Processing
  • Author : Petar Djuric,Cédric Richard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-04
  • Total pages :866
  • ISBN : 9780128136782
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Summary : Cooperative and Graph Signal Processing: Principles and Applications presents the fundamentals of signal processing over networks and the latest advances in graph signal processing. A range of key concepts are clearly explained, including learning, adaptation, optimization, control, inference and machine learning. Building on the principles of these areas, the book then shows how they are relevant to understanding distributed communication, networking and sensing and social networks. Finally, the book shows how the principles are applied to a range of applications, such as Big data, Media and video, Smart grids, Internet of Things, Wireless health and Neuroscience. With this book readers will learn the basics of adaptation and learning in networks, the essentials of detection, estimation and filtering, Bayesian inference in networks, optimization and control, machine learning, signal processing on graphs, signal processing for distributed communication, social networks from the perspective of flow of information, and how to apply signal processing methods in distributed settings. Presents the first book on cooperative signal processing and graph signal processing Provides a range of applications and application areas that are thoroughly covered Includes an editor in chief and associate editor from the IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing and Information Processing over Networks who have recruited top contributors for the book

Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry

Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry
  • Author : Andrew M. Ellis,Christopher A. Mayhew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-17
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781118683576
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Summary : Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) is a rapidlygrowing analytical technique for detecting and identifying verysmall quantities of chemical compounds in air. It has seenwidespread use in atmospheric monitoring and food science and showsincreasing promise in applications such as industrial processmonitoring, medical science and in crime and securityscenarios. Written by leading researchers, this is the first book devoted toPTR-MS and it provides a comprehensive account of the basicprinciples, the experimental technique and various applications,thus making this book essential reading for researchers,technicians, postgraduate students and professionals inindustry. The book contains nine chapters and is divided into two parts.The first part describes the underlying principles of the PTR-MStechnique, including • the relevant ion-molecule chemistry • thermodynamics and reaction kinetics • a discussion of ion sources, drift tubes and massspectrometers • practical aspects of PTR-MS, includingcalibration. The second part of the book turns its attention to some of themany applications of PTR-MS, demonstrating the scope and benefits,as well as the limitations, of the technique. The chapters thatmake up the second part of the book build upon the materialpresented in the first part and are essentially self-containedreviews focusing on the following topics: • environmental science • food science • medicine • homeland security, and • applications of PTR-MS in liquid analysis.

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-22
  • Total pages :3584
  • ISBN : 9780128032251
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Summary : This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

Theoretical and Mathematical Foundations of Human Health Risk Analysis

Theoretical and Mathematical Foundations of Human Health Risk Analysis
  • Author : Douglas J. Crawford-Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781461561439
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Summary : Scientists and regulators have struggled to define the role of theory, experiments, models and common sense in risk analysis. This situation has been made worse by the isolation of theory from modeling, of experimentation from theory, and of practical action from basic science. This book arises from efforts at regulatory agencies and industries to bring more science into health risk analysis so that society may better use limited resources to improve public health. This book covers: the characterization of exposure to pollutants and other sources of risk; the movement of pollutants into the body via inhalation; ingestion, dermal absorption, and exposures to radiation; the movement of a pollutant as it cascades through the tissues and organs of the body; and the development of principles and models for dose-response modeling. The book shows how an understanding of the biological, chemical, and physical properties of the environment and of the human body can guide the selection of mathematical models, and how these models can aid in estimating risks. Included in the book are models covering the full range of topics in human health risk analysis: exposure assessment, rates of intake, deposition and uptake by organs, absorption across membranes, biokinetics, dosimetry, and dose-response. The reader will gain from the book a better understanding of how environmental health science, as applied in risk analysis, can be used to create a more rational basis for the improvement of public health.

The Pharmacology of Alcohol and Alcohol Dependence

The Pharmacology of Alcohol and Alcohol Dependence
  • Author : Henri Begleiter,Benjamin Kissin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :525
  • ISBN : 0195100948
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Summary : This reference work covers the general pharmacology and neuropharmacology of alcohol as well as the pharmacological mechanisms underlying alcoholism.

The Biology of Cancer

The Biology of Cancer
  • Author : Weinberg, Robert A.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-24
  • Total pages :28
  • ISBN : 9780815345282
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Summary : Incorporating the most important advances in the fast-growing field of cancer biology, the text maintains all of its hallmark features. It is admired by students, instructors, researchers, and clinicians around the world for its clear writing, extensive full-color art program, and numerous pedagogical features.

Analyzing Biomolecular Interactions by Mass Spectrometry

Analyzing Biomolecular Interactions by Mass Spectrometry
  • Author : Jeroen Kool,Wilfried M. A. Niessen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-04
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9783527334643
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Summary : This monograph reviews all relevant technologies based on mass spectrometry that are used to study or screen biological interactions in general. Arranged in three parts, the text begins by reviewing techniques nowadays almost considered classical, such as affinity chromatography and ultrafiltration, as well as the latest techniques. The second part focusses on all MS-based methods for the study of interactions of proteins with all classes of biomolecules. Besides pull down-based approaches, this section also emphasizes the use of ion mobility MS, capture-compound approaches, chemical proteomics and interactomics. The third and final part discusses other important technologies frequently employed in interaction studies, such as biosensors and microarrays. For pharmaceutical, analytical, protein, environmental and biochemists, as well as those working in pharmaceutical and analytical laboratories.

Canine Olfactory Detection

Canine Olfactory Detection
  • Author : Cynthia M. Otto,Claire Marie Guest
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-26
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889636341
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Summary :